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Volume B in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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968 B entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Bæticus, Gregory - Bishop of Elvira, in the province of Baetica, Spain, from which he derived his surname; d. ...
Bæumer, Suitbert - Historian of the Breviary and one of the most scholarly patrologists of the nineteenth ...
Bébian, Roch-Amboise-Auguste - Born 4 August, 1789 at Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe ; died there 24 February, 1839. His ...
Bédard, Pierre - French-Canadian lawyer and member of the Assembly of Lower Canada, b. at Charlesbourg near ...
Bénard, Laurent - Chief founder of the Maurist Congregation of the Benedictine Order , b. at Nevers, 1573; d. ...
Bérault-Bercastel, Antoine Henri de - A writer of church history, b. 22 November, 1720, at Briey, Lorraine ; d. about 1794 at Noyon, ...
Bérenger, Pierre - (Peter of Poitiers, Petrus Scholasticus). A French writer who flourished about the middle of the ...
Bérulle, Pierre de - Cardinal, and founder of the French congregation of the Oratory, born in the province of ...
Böcken, Placidus - (B ÖCKHN ). A German Benedictine, canonist, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of ...
Börglum, Ancient See of - (BURGLANUM, BURGLANENSIS.) The ancient See of Börglum, in Denmark, embraced the ancient ...
Bañez, Domingo - (Originally and more properly VAÑEZ and sometimes, but erroneously, IBAÑEZ). A ...
Baader, Franz Xaver von - German philosopher, born at Munich, 1765; died at the same place, 23 May, 1841. I. The ...
Baal, Baalim - ( Hebrew Bá'ál; plural, Be`alîm.) A word which belongs to the oldest ...
Baalbek - The Heliopolis of the Greek and Latin writers, a Syrian town located now in present-day Lebanon ...
Babel - Babel occurs in the Vulgate only in Genesis 11:9 ; the form Babylonia is found in Baruch ...
Babel, Tower of - The "Tower of Babel" is the name of the building mentioned in Genesis 11:19 . History of the ...
Babenstuber, Ludwig - A German philosopher and theologian ; vice-chancellor of the University of Salzburg ; born ...
Babinet, Jacques - French physicist, born at Lusignan, Vienne, 5 March, 1794; died at Paris, 21 October, 1872. He ...
Babylas, Saint - Bishop and Martyr. He was the successor of Zebinus as Bishop of Antioch in the reign of the ...
Babylon (Title) - The curial title of a Latin archbishopric, also of a Chaldean patriarchate and of a Syrian ...
Babylonia - In treating of the history, character, and influence of this ancient empire, it is difficult not ...
Baccanceld - (BAPCHILD, near Sittingbourne, Kent), Synod Of (694). This meeting was rather a witenagemot , ...
Bacchus and Sergius - Martyrs, d. in the Diocletian persecution in Coele-Syria about 303. Their martyrdom is well ...
Bacchylus - Bishop of Corinth, whom Eusebius mentions among the prominent second-century churchmen (H. ...
Bachelor of Arts - A degree marking the completion of the traditional curriculum of the college. In the medieval ...
Bachelot, Alexis John Augustine - Prefect Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands, b. at Grand Beauchet, commune of St. Cyr (Orne), ...
Bachiarius - An early fifth-century writer, known only through two treatises which warrant the conjecture that ...
Bachmann, Paul - (Amincola). Catholic theological controversialist, born at Chemnitz, Saxony, about 1466. His ...
Backer, Augustin de - Bibliographer, born at Antwerp, Belgium , 18 July, 1809; died at Liège, 1 December, 1873. ...
Backx, Peter Hubert Evermode - Born 10 December, 1805, at Tilburg, Holland ; died 28 October, 1868. Ordained priest 17 March, ...
Bacon, David William - First bishop of Portland, Maine, U.S.A. born in New York, 5 November, 1813. He made his ...
Bacon, John - (Johannes Anglicus, Johannes De Baconthorpe). An English Carmelite and theologian, born ...
Bacon, Nathaniel - Better know under the assumed name of Southwell, a Jesuit priest and bibliographer, b. in the ...
Bacon, Roger - Philosopher, surnamed D OCTOR M IRABILIS , b. at Ilchester, Somersetshire, about 1214; d. at ...
Baconian System of Philosophy, The - This system takes its name from its founder, Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, Viscount St. Albans, ...
Badajoz - (Pacensis.) The Latin name Pax , or Civitas Pacensis , was given to this district ...
Baden - The Grand Duchy of Baden is situated in the southwestern part of the German Empire, bounded by ...
Badia, Tommaso - Cardinal, author, papal legate, born at Modena, 1483; died at Rome, 6 September, 1547. He ...
Badin, Stephen Theodore - The first Catholic priest ordained within the limits of the original thirteen States of the ...
Badius, Raphael - A Florentine Dominican of the seventeenth century. He was deeply versed in Tuscan and ...
Baegert, John Jacob - Missionary and ethnographer, born at Schlettstadt in Alsace, 23 December, 1717; died at ...
Baert, François - Bollandist, born at Ypres, 25 August, 1651; died at Antwerp, 27 October, 1719. He entered the ...
Bagamoyo - Vicariate apostolic in German East Africa, separated by a pontifical Decree of 11 May, 1906, ...
Bagdad - This city was founded on the Tigris by the second Abbaside Caliph Abou Giafar al Mansur (762 or ...
Bageis - A titular see of Lydia in Asia Minor. This name is found on coins, but becomes Bagis in the ...
Baglioni, Giovanni, Cavaliere - Known as the "Deaf Man of the Barozzo", a painter of distinction, b. in Rome, 1571; d. there ...
Bagnorea - (Anciently NOVEMPAGI, BALNEUM REGIUM). A diocese situated in the district of Viterbo, ...
Bagot, Jean - Theologian, born at Rennes, in France, 9 July, 1591, died at Paris, 23 August, 1664. He entered ...
Bagshaw, Christopher - Convert, priest, prisoner for the Faith, and a prominent figure in the controversies between ...
Bahama Islands, The - (Or L UCAYOS ) The most northerly group of the West Indies, are a chain of coral islands ...
Bailey, Thomas - Controversialist, died c. 1657. He was son of Bishop Bailey of Bangor and was educated as an ...
Baillargeon, Charles François - A French-Canadian bishop, b. 26 April, 1798, at Ile-aux-Grues, P. Q.; d. 13 October, 1870. He ...
Baillet, Adrien - French author, b. 1649 at Neuville en Hez, near Beauvais, France ; d. at Paris, 1706. His ...
Bailloquet, Pierre - Missionary among the Indians of Canada, b. 1612, at Saintes, France ; d. in the Ottawa missions, ...
Baily, Thomas - A Catholic clergyman, b. in Yorkshire, England ; d. at Douai, France, 7 October, 1591. He was a ...
Bainbridge, Christopher - Archbishop of York, and Cardinal, b. at Hilton, near Appleby, in Westmoreland, probably 1464; ...
Baines, Peter Augustine - Titular Bishop of Siga, one of the most striking figures among English Catholics at the period ...
Baines, Ralph - Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, England, b. at Knowsthorp, Yorks, date of birth uncertain; ...
Baini, Abbate Giuseppe - Born in Rome, 21 October, 1775; died there 21 May, 1844. Baini made his first musical studies ...
Baithen of Iona, Saint - An Irish monk, specially selected by St. Columba as one of the band of missionaries who set sail ...
Baius, Michel - (Or M ICHEL DE B AY ) Theologian and author of a system known as Baianism, was b. at ...
Bakócz, Thomas - Cardinal and statesman, b. about 1442, in the village of Erdoed, county Szatmár, ...
Baker, David Augustine - A well-known Benedictine mystic and an ascetic writer, born at Abergavenny, England, 9 ...
Baker, Diocese of - Comprises Wasco, Klamath, Lake, Sherman, Gilliam, Wheeler, Morrow, Grant, Union, Crook, Umatilla, ...
Baker, Francis Asbury - Priest of the Congregation of St. Paul the Apostle, born Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. 30 March, ...
Baker, Venerable Charles - ( Recté , according to his own entry in the English College David Henry Lewis). An ...
Balaam - The derivation of the name is uncertain. Dr. Neubauer would connect it with the god Ammo or Ammi, ...
Balanaea - A titular see of Syria. The city of this name, a colony of Aradus (Strabo, XVI, 753), is placed ...
Balbina, Saint - Memorials of a St. Balbina are to be found at Rome in three different spots which are connected ...
Balbinus, Boleslaus - A Jesuit historian of Bohemia, born 4 December 1621, at Königgrätz, of an ancient ...
Balboa, Vasco Nuñez de - Discoverer of the Pacific Ocean from the west coast of Central America, born in Spain, 1475, ...
Balbuena, Bernardo de - A Spanish poet, born in Val de Peñas, 1568; died in Porto Rico , 1627. At an early age ...
Balbus, Hieronymus - (Accellini). Humanist, poet, diplomatist, and Bishop of Gurk in Carinthia, b. about 1450 at ...
Baldachium of the Altar - A dome-like canopy in wood, stone, or metal, erected over the high altar of larger churches, ...
Balde, Jacob - A German poet, b. 4 January, 1604, in the Imperial free town of Ensisheim in Upper Alsace; d. at ...
Balderic - (Or Baudry). Bishop of Dol, in France, chronicler, b. about 1050; d. 7 January, 1130. After a ...
Balderic (Baudry) - A monk of Liège, a writer and teacher of the twelfth century, b. date unknown, at ...
Baldi, Bernardino - An Italian poet and savant, b. at Urbino, 5 June, 1553; d. at the same place, 10 October, ...
Baldinucci, Blessed Anthony - Born 19 June, 1665, at Florence, died 6 November, 1717. He entered the Society of Jesus 21 ...
Baldovinetti, Alesso - A notable Florentine painter, b. in Florence, 14 October, 1427; d. there, 29 August, 1499. His ...
Baldred, Saint - (1) a Celtic Bishop of Strathclyde, b. about 643; d. at Aldhame, Haddingtonshire, about 607. He ...
Baldung, Hans - Known as Grien or Grun, from his fondness for brilliant green, both in his own costume and in his ...
Baldwin - Archbishop of Trier and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, born 1285; died 1354; he belonged to ...
Baldwin of Canterbury - Thirty-ninth Archbishop, a native of Exeter, date of birth unknown; d. 19 Nov., 1190. He was ...
Baldwin, Francis - (Also Baudoin). A celebrated jurist, b. 1 January, 1520 at Arras, then part of the German ...
Balearic Isles - A group in the western part of the Mediterranean belonging to Spain and consisting of four larger ...
Bales, Christopher, Venerable - (Or Bayles, alias Evers) Priest and martyr, b. at Coniscliffe near Darlington, County ...
Ball, Mother Frances Mary Teresa - Born in Dublin 9 January, 1794; died 19 May, 1861; foundress of the Irish Branch of the ...
Ballarat - One of the three suffragan dioceses of the ecclesiastical province of Melbourne, Australia. It ...
Ballerini, Antonio - Born at Medicina, near Bologna, 10 October, 1805; died in Rome, 27 November, 1881. He entered the ...
Ballerini, Girolamo and Pietro - Celebrated theologians and canonists, the sons of a distinguished surgeon of Verona. A rare ...
Balme, Henry - (Or Balma; also called Hugh) A Franciscan theologian, born at Genera, date uncertain; d. 23 ...
Balmes, Jaime Luciano - Philosopher and publicist, b. at Vich, Spain, 28 August, 1810; d. there, 9 July, 1848. His ...
Balsam - Balsam is an oily, resinous, and odorous substance, which flows spontaneously or by incision from ...
Balsamon, Theodore - A canonist of the Greek Church, born in the second half of the twelfth century at Constantinople; ...
Baltasar - (Or, as found in the Septuagint Baltasár .) Baltasar is the Greek and Latin name for ...
Baltimore, Archdiocese of - The senior see of the United States of America , established as a diocese 6 April, 1789; as an ...
Baltimore, Plenary Councils of - While the ecclesiastical province of Baltimore comprised the whole territory of the American ...
Baltimore, Provincial Councils of - These councils have a unique importance for the Church in the United States inasmuch as the ...
Baltus, Jean François - Theologian, born at Metz, 8 June, 1667; died at Reims, 9 March, 1743. He entered the Society of ...
Balue, Jean - A French cardinal, b. probably c. 1421, in Poitou; d. 5 October, 1491, at Ripatransone (March ...
Baluze, Etienne - French scholar and historian, b. at Tulle, 24 December, 1630; d. in Paris, 28 July, 1718. His ...
Bamber, Ven. Edward - ( Alias Reading). Priest and martyr, b. at the Moor, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire; executed ...
Bamberg - The Archdiocese of Bamberg, in the kingdom of Bavaria, embraces almost the whole of the ...
Banaias - (Authorized Version Benaiah; Kenrick, Banaiah; Hebrew bnyhw, also bnyh, "Jehovah hath built ...
Bancel, Louis - Born at Valence, 1628; died at Avignon, 1685. When very young he entered the Dominican Order at ...
Bandello, Matteo - Born at Castelnuovo di Scrivia in Piedmont, Italy, in 1480; died Bishop of Agen, France, in ...
Banduri, Anselmo - Archaeologist and numismatologist, b. 1671 at Ragusa, off the coast of Dalmatia ; d. at Paris, ...
Bangor - (Bangorium, Bangoriensis) Diocese ; anciently known as Bangor Vawr, situated in Carnarvonshire ...
Bangor Abbey - The name of two famous monastic establishments in Ireland and England. (1) The Irish Abbey ...
Bangor, Antiphonary of - An ancient Latin manuscript, supposed to have been originally written at Bangor ( Ireland ). ...
Banim, John & Michael - John Banim Poet, dramatist, novelist, b. 3 April, 1798, at Kilkenny, Ireland ; d. 31 August, ...
Banjaluka - The Diocese of Banjaluka in Western Bosnia includes some of the most beautiful portions of the ...
Bankruptcy, Civil Aspect of - ( See also MORAL ASPECT OF BANKRUPTCY .) Bankruptcy ( La banqueroute; earlier English ...
Bankruptcy, Moral Aspect of - ( See also CIVIL ASPECT OF BANKRUPTCY .) Bankruptcy must be considered not only from the ...
Banns of Marriage - (Latin bannum , pl. bann-a,-i from an Old English verb, bannan , to summon). In ...
Bapst, John - Jesuit missionary and educator, b. at La Roche, Fribourg, Switzerland, 17 December, 1815; d. at ...
Baptism - One of the Seven Sacraments of the Christian Church ; frequently called the "first sacrament ...
Baptismal Font - A basin or vase, serving as a receptacle for baptismal water in which the candidate for baptism ...
Baptismal Vows - The name popularly given to the renunciations required of an adult candidate for baptism just ...
Baptista Mantuanus, Blessed - (Or SPAGNOLI). Carmelite and Renaissance poet, born at Mantua, 17 April, 1447, where he also ...
Baptista Varani, Blessed - (Varano). An ascetical writer, b. at Camerino, in the Camerino, belonged to an illustrious ...
Baptistery - The separate building in which the Sacrament of Baptism was once solemnly administered, or that ...
Baptistines - I. Hermits of St. John the Baptist. II. Missionaries of St. John the Baptist. III. Sisterhood of ...
Baptists - (Greek, baptizein , to baptize ). A Protestant denomination which exists chiefly in ...
Bar Hebræus - ( Abu'l Faraj ). A Jacobite Syrian bishop, philosopher, poet, grammarian, physician, ...
Bar-Kepha, Moses - One of the most celebrated Jacobite bishops and writers of the ninth century, born at Balad, ...
Barac - ( Hebrew Baraq , lightning) The deliverer of the Israelites from the power of the ...
Baradæus, Jacob - A Syrian Monophysite bishop, born in Tella, towards the end of the fifth or the beginning of the ...
Baraga, Frederic - First Bishop of Marquette, Michigan, U.S.A., b. 29 June, 1797, at Malavas, in the parish of ...
Barat, Madeleine-Sophie - Foundress of the Society of the Sacred Heart , born at Joigny, Burgundy, 12 December, 1779; died ...
Barat, Nicolas - A French Orientalist, born at Bourges during the first quarter of the seventeenth century; died ...
Barba, Alvaro Alonzo - A secular priest of whom Nicolas Antonio (Bibliotheca hispana nova, 1786) says "Baeticus ex ...
Barbalissos - A titular see of Mesopotamia. It was a city in Provincia Augusta Euphratensis , where the ...
Barbara, Saint - Virgin and Martyr. There is no reference to St. Barbara contained in the authentic early ...
Barbarigo, Giovanni Francesco - Italian Cardinal, nephew of Blessed Gregorio Barbarigo (1625-97), born in 1658 at Venice ; died ...
Barbastro - (Barbastrum and Civitas Barbastrensis) Suffragan diocese of the Spanish province of Huesca. ...
Barbelin, Felix-Joseph - Styled the "apostle of Philadelphia", b. at Luneville, Province of Alsace, France, 30 May, ...
Barber Family, The - Daniel Barber Daniel Barber, soldier of the Revolution, Episcopalian minister and convert, b. ...
Barbieri, Giovanni - Giovanni Barbieri, called from his squinting, "Il Guercino"; a famous painter of religious ...
Barbosa, Agostino - A noted canonist, b. at Guimaraens, Portugal, in 1589; consecrated in Rome, 22 March, 1649, ...
Barbosa-Machado, Ignacio - A Portuguese historian, born at Lisbon in 1686; died in 1734. He pursued his studies at the ...
Barbour, John - Scottish ecclesiastic and author of "The Bruce", a historical poem in the early Scottish or ...
Barbus, Paulus - Italian philosopher and theologian, b. at Soncino, Lombardy, and hence known also by the name ...
Barca - A titular see of Cyrenaica in Northern Africa. According to most archaeologists it was ...
Barcelona - (Barcino). See also UNIVERSITY OF BARCELONA. One of the suffragan dioceses of the ...
Barcelona, University of - See also BARCELONA. This was an outgrowth of the ecclesiastical schools founded in the ...
Barcena, Alonzo de - (Also Barzana). A native of Bacza in Andalusia, Spain, b. 1528; d. at Cuzco, Peru, 15 ...
Barclay, John - Author of the political novel "Argenis" and other Latin works in prose and verse, was b. 28 ...
Barclay, William - Scottish Jurist, b. 1546; d. at Angers, France, 3 July, 1608. He was of a good Aberdeenshire ...
Barco Centenera, Martin del - Born 1535, at Logroño, in the Diocese of Plasencia of Estremadura (Spain); died c. 1602. ...
Barcos, Martin de - French theologian of the Jansenist School, b. at Bayonne, 1600; d. at St. Cyran, 1678. He was a ...
Bard, Henry - (Baron Bromley and Viscount Bellamont) An English soldier and diplomat, b. 1604; d. 1660. He ...
Bardesanes and Bardesanites - ( Bar-Daisan ) Syrian Gnostic or, more correctly, a Syrian poet, astrologist, and ...
Bari - An archdiocese situated in the province of the same name, in Apulia, Southern Italy. The city of ...
Barjesus - (Gr. Bariesous ). A false prophet found in the company of the Proconsul Sergius Paulus by ...
Barkworth, Ven. Mark - ( Alias LAMBERT.) Priest and martyr, born about 1572 in Lincolnshire; executed at Tyburn 27 ...
Barlaam and Josaphat - The principal characters of a legend of Christian antiquity, which was a favourite subject of ...
Barletta, Gabriel - (Sometimes called Barlete, De Barolo, Barolus) Preacher, b., according to some, in the ...
Barlings, Abbey of - Located about six miles E.N.E. of Lincoln, England, founded in 1154 in honour of Our Lady by ...
Barlow, Ven. Edward Ambrose - ( Alias R ADCLIFFE and B RERETON .) Priest and martyr, b. at Barlow Hall, 1585; d. 10 ...
Barlow, William Rudesind - Third son of Sir Alexander Barlow of Barlow Hall, near Manchester, England, and Mary Brereton ...
Barnabas of Terni - ( Interamna ) Friar Minor and missionary, d. 1474 (or 1477). He belonged to the noble family ...
Barnabas, Saint - Barnabas (originally Joseph), styled an Apostle in Holy Scripture , and, like St. Paul, ranked ...
Barnabas, The Epistle of - Authorities for the Text and Editions There is a triple tradition of the Greek text of this ...
Barnabites - The popular name of a religious order which is canonically known by the title, given to it by ...
Baroccio, Federigo - Called Fiore d'Urbino, a distinguished painter and engraver, born at Urbino, 1528; died at the ...
Barocco Style - ( French baroque ). A debased application to architecture of Renaissance features. The term ...
Baron, Bonaventura - A distinguished Irish Franciscan theologian, philosopher, and writer of Latin prose and verse, ...
Baron, Vincent - A Dominican theologian and preacher, b. at Martres, in the department of the Haute-Garonne, ...
Baronius, Venerable Cesare - Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian, born at Sora in the Kingdom of Naples, 30 August, 1538; ...
Barquisimeto - (De Barquisimeto) Diocese in Venezuela, South America. The city is the capital of the State ...
Barradas, Sebastião - A Portuguese exegete and preacher, born at Lisbon in 1543; died at Coimbra in 1615. In 1558 he ...
Barral, Louis-Mathias, Count de - Archbishop of Tours, France, born 26 April, 1746, at Grenoble ; died 7 June, 1816, at Paris. ...
Barrande, Joachim - French palæ ontologist, b. at Sangues (Haute-Loire), 11 August, 1799; d. at Frohsdorff, ...
Barrasa, Jacinto - ( Or Barraza). Born at Lima, Peru, early in the seventeenth century; died there, 22 Nov., ...
Barre, Antoine-Lefebvre, Sieur de la - Tenth French Governor-General of Canada, b. at Paris in 1622; d. in 1690. De la Barre was made ...
Barreira, Balthasar - A Portuguese Jesuit missionary, born at Lisbon, 1531; died 1612, on the mission of Angola, ...
Barrientos, Lopez de - A Spanish Dominican bishop, patriot, and diplomat, b. at Medina del Campo, Kingdom of Leon ...
Barron, Edward - A missionary, born at Waterford, Ireland, 1801; died at Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A. 12 Sept., ...
Barros, João de - Historian, b. in Portugal, 1496; d. 20 October, 1570. Of his early youth little is known. In ...
Barrow, John - Priest, descended from a family of stanch Catholic yeomen, b. 13 May, 1735, at ...
Barrow, William, Venerable - ( Alias Waring, alias Harcourt). An English Jesuit martyr, born in Lancashire, in 1609, ...
Barruel, Augustin - Controversialist and publicist, born at Villeneuve de Berg (Ardeche); 2 October, 1741; died at ...
Barry, John - Captain in the United States navy, b. at Tacumshane, County Wexford, Ireland, in 1745; d. at ...
Barry, John - Second Bishop of Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A.; b. 1799 in the parish of Oylegate, Co. Wexford, ...
Barry, Patrick - Horticulturist, b. near Belfast, Ireland, May, 1816; d. at Rochester, New York, U.S.A., 23 June, ...
Barry, Paul de - Born at Leucate in 1587; died at Avignon, 28 July, 1661. He was a member of the Society of ...
Barthélemy, Jean-Jacques - A celebrated French numismatologist and writer, b. at Cassis (Provence), 1716; d. in Paris, ...
Barthel, Johann Caspar - A German canonist, b. 10 June, 1697, at Kitzingen, Bavaria ; d. 8 April, 1771. He was the son of ...
Bartholi, Francesco della Rossa - Friar Minor and chronicler, died c. 1372. Little is known of his life save what may be gathered ...
Bartholomaeus Anglicus - Franciscan encyclopedist of the thirteenth century. An Englishman by birth he had been professor ...
Bartholomew - "APOSTLE OF ARMENIA." Also called Bartholomaeus Parvus (the Little), born at Bologna, year not ...
Bartholomew of Braga, Venerable - Born at Verdela, near Lisbon, May, 1514; died at Viana, 16 July, 1590. Bartholomew Fernandez, ...
Bartholomew of Braganca - Born about 1200; died 1 July, 1271. He made his studies at Padua, receiving there the habit of the ...
Bartholomew of Brescia - An Italian canonist, b. probably in the second half of the twelfth century at Brescia ; d. ...
Bartholomew of Edessa - Syrian apologist and polemical writers. The place of his birth is not known, it was probably ...
Bartholomew of Lucca - (Or de Fiadonibus, sometimes abbreviated Ptolomeo or Tolomeo) Historian, b. about 1227 at Lucca ...
Bartholomew of Pisa - Friar Minor and chronicler. The fact that there were two Friars Minor named Bartholomew living ...
Bartholomew of San Concordio - (Also of Pisa ) Canonist, and man of letters, b. at San Concordia, near Pisa about ...
Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Saint - This massacre of which Protestants were the victims occurred in Paris on 24 August, 1572 (the ...
Bartholomew, Saint - One of the Twelve Apostles, mentioned sixth in the three Gospel lists ( Matthew 10:3 ; Mark ...
Bartholomites - The name given to Armenian monks who sought refuge in Italy after the invasion of their country ...
Bartoli, Daniello - An historian and littérateur , born at Ferrara, 12 February, 1608; died in Rome, 12 ...
Bartolocci, Giulio - A Cistercian monk and learned Hebrew scholar, b. at Celleno in the old kingdom of Naples, 1 ...
Bartolommeo, Fra - An Italian painter and a member of the Dominican Order, b. in 1475 in the territory belonging ...
Bartolozzi, Francesco - An engraver, etcher, and painter, b. at Florence, 1727; d. at Lisbon, 1815. His father was a ...
Barton, Elizabeth - Born probably in 1506; executed at Tyburn, 20 April, 1534; called the "Nun of Kent." The career of ...
Baruch - ( Hebrew Barûkh , blessed, Benedict; Septuagint Barouch ). The disciple of ...
Barzynski, Vincent - Born at Sulislawice, Sandomir, Russian Poland, 1838; d. at Chicago, 2 May, 1899. The son of ...
Bas-relief - A sculpture executed upon and attached to a flat surface. The usual impression produced by an ...
Basil of Amasea - (Basileus or Basilius) Bishop and Martyr. In St. Jerome's Latin version of the Chronicle of ...
Basil of Seleucia - Bishop and ecclesiastical writer, date of birth uncertain; d., probably, between 458 and 460; ...
Basil the Great, Saint - Bishop of Caesarea, and one of the most distinguished Doctors of the Church. Born probably 329; ...
Basil, Liturgy of Saint - Several Oriental liturgies, or at least several anaphoras, have been attributed to the great ...
Basil, Rule of Saint - I. Under the name of Basilians are included all the religious who follow the Rule of St. Basil. ...
Basilians - (Priests of the Community of St. Basil) During the French Revolution, Mgr. D'Aviau, the last ...
Basilica - ( Stoa basilike , or basileios ). The term basilica can indicate either the ...
Basilides - The earliest of the Alexandrian Gnostics ; he was a native of Alexandria and flourished under ...
Basilides - Martyrs bearing the name of Basilides are mentioned in the old martyrologies on three different ...
Basilinopolis - A titular see of Asia Minor. Originally a small village in Bithynia Prima, it obtained the rank ...
Basilissa - Various female martyrs, attributed to different localities yet bearing the common name of ...
Basins, Ecclesiastical Use of - Basins were extensively used in the Jewish Ritual and were in early use in Christian churches ...
Basle, Council of - Convoked by Pope Martin V in 1431, closed at Lausanne in 1449. The position of the pope as the ...
Basle-Lugano - Basle-Lugano is the largest Catholic diocese of Switzerland. It is composed of the two Dioceses ...
Bassein - A town situated twenty-nine miles north of Bombay in British India, and now of much historic ...
Bassett, Joshua - Convert and controversialist, Master of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, England, under James II, ...
Bassi, Matthew of - Founder and first Superior-General of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchins, the principal branch ...
Bassianus - Bishop of Ephesus (444-448). As a priest of Ephesus the charities of Bassianus so won the ...
Bastiat, Claude-Frédéric - A French economist, b. at Mugron, a small city in the Department of Landes, 29 June, 1801; d. at ...
Baston, Guillaume-André-Réné - A French theologian, b. at Rouen, 29 November, 1741; d. at Saint-Laurent, 26 September, 1825. He ...
Basutoland - (Prefecture Apostolic of Basutoland) Basutoland, a mountainous district of South Africa, is ...
Batavia - (Vicariate Apostolic of Batavia) When the Portuguese took possession of the island of Java, of ...
Bath Abbey - The first religious house in Bath was a monastery of nuns founded by King Osric, A.D. 676. This ...
Bath and Wells - B ADONIENSIS ET W ELLENSIS (Bath, Aquae Solis, Bathonia, Bathensis, Bathoniensis ; Wells, ...
Bathe, William - Writer on music and education, b. at Dublin, Ireland, 2 April, 1564; d. at Madrid, 17 June, ...
Bathilde, Saint - (Or BATILDE). Wife of Clovis II, King of France, time and place of birth unknown; d. ...
Bathurst - Diocese situated in New South Wales, Australia, in the ecclesiastical Province of Sydney, ...
Battaglini, Marco - A historian of the councils, b. at Rimini, Italy, 25 March, 1645; d. at Cesena, 19 September, ...
Batteux, Charles - Abbé and writer on philosophy and æsthetics, b. near Vouziers, France, 6 May, ...
Battista, Giovanni Giuda Giona - (His original name was Jehuda Jona Ben-Isaac). Born of Jewish parents at Safed in Galilee, ...
Battle Abbey - Founded by William the Conqueror on the site of the Battle of Senlae or Hastings (1066), nearly ...
Bauberger, Wilhelm - German physician, novelist, and poet, b. at Thannhausen in Swabian Bavaria, 3 March, 1809; d. at ...
Baudeau, Nicolas - Regular Canon and economist, b. at Amboise, France, 25 April, 1730; d. in 1792. He became a ...
Baudouin, Michel - Italian missionary, born in Quebec, Canada, 8 March, 1692, entered the Society of Jesus in ...
Baumgartner, Alexander - Poet and writer on the history of literature, b. at St. Gall, Switzerland, 27 June, 1841; d. at ...
Baumgartner, Gallus Jacob - A Swiss statesman, b. 18 October, 1797, at Altstätten, Switzerland ; d. 12 July, 1869, at ...
Baunard, Louis - Educator, b. at Bellgarde (Loiret), France, in 1828. He was one of the clergy of ...
Bauny, Etienne - Theologian, b. in 1564 at Mouzon, Ardennes, France ; d. 3 December, 1649, at Saint Pol de ...
Bausset, Louis-François de - A French cardinal, writers, and statesman, b. in 1748 at Pondichery, where his father held an ...
Bautain, Louis-Eugène-Marie - Philosopher and theologian, b. at Paris, 17 February, 1796; d. there, 15 October, 1867. After a ...
Bautista, Fray Juan - Born at Mexico, 1555; date of death unknown, but probably between 1606 and 1615. He joined the ...
Bavaria, The Kingdom of - I. POLITICAL CONSTITUTION, AREA, POPULATION The present Kingdom of Bavaria -- named after the ...
Bawden, William - (Or Baldwin). An English Jesuit, born at Cornwall, 1563; died at St.-Omer, 28 September, ...
Bayer, Adèle - ( née Parmentier) Eldest daughter of Andrew Parmentier, b. in Belgium, 4 July, 1814, ...
Bayeu y Subias, Francisco - Born at Saragossa, 9 March, 1734; died Madrid, 4 August, 1795, a distinguished religious and ...
Bayeux - DIOCESE OF BAYEUX (B AJOCÆ ). Coextensive with the Department of Calvados; suffragan to ...
Bayley, James Roosevelt - First Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.; eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland ; b. ...
Baylon, Saint Pascal - Born at Torre-Hermosa, in the Kingdom of Aragon, 24 May, 1540, on the Feast of Pentecost, called ...
Bayma, Joseph - Jesuit mathematician and scientist, b. in Piedmont, Italy, 9 November, 1816; d. at Santa Clara, ...
Bayonne - (Lapurdum) The Diocese of Bayonne comprises the Department of Basses-Pyrenees. Reorganized in ...
Baysio, Guido de - (Baisio) An Italian canonist, b. about the middle of the thirteenth century of a noble ...
Bazin, John Stephen - Third Bishop of Vincennes (now the Diocese of Indianapolis ), b. at Duerne, near Lyons, ...
Beads, Use of, at Prayers - Beads variously strung together, according to the kind, order, and number of prayers in certain ...
Beards - Among the Jews, as among most Oriental peoples, the beard was especially cherished as a symbol of ...
Beardsley, Aubrey - English artist, born at Brighton, 1872; died at Mentone, France, 16 March, 1898. It has been ...
Beatific Vision - The immediate knowledge of God which the angelic spirits and the souls of the just enjoy in ...
Beatification and Canonization - HISTORY According to some writers the origin of beatification and canonization in the Catholic ...
Beatitudes, Mount of - This name is given to the place where Our Saviour delivered the "Sermon on the Mount", beginning ...
Beatitudes, The Eight - The solemn blessings ( beatitudines, benedictiones ) which mark the opening of the Sermon on ...
Beaton, David - (Or Bethune) Cardinal, Archbishop of St. Andrews, b. 1494; d. 29 May, 1546. He was of an ...
Beaton, James - (Or Bethune) A Scottish Archbishop ; b. c. 1473; d. at St. Andrews, 1539, was the sixth and ...
Beaton, James - (Or Bethune) Archbishop of Glasgow, b. 1517; d. 24 April, 1603; the son of James Beaton of ...
Beatrix - (Or B EATRICE ). The name Beatrix has been borne by a certain number of holy persons, but no ...
Beaufort, Lady Margaret - Countess of Richmond and Derby, b. 1443; d. 1509, daughter and heiress of John Beaufort, first ...
Beaulieu Abbey - ( Abbatia quae vocitatur Bellus Locus ) Beaulieu Abbey was a Cistercian house in ...
Beaune, Renaud de - A French Bishop, b. in 1527, at Tours ; d. 1606 in Paris. Before entering the ecclesiastical ...
Beauregard, Jean-Nicolas - Celebrated French pulpit orator, born at Metz in Lorraine, 4 December, 1733; died at the ...
Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant - Soldier, b. near New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A. 28 May, 1818; d. there 20 February, 1893. He ...
Beauvais - (Bellovacum) A suffragan diocese of the archiepiscopal See of Reims. The Dioceses of ...
Beauvais, Gilles-François-de - Jesuit writer and preacher, born at Mans, France, 7 July, 1693; died probably at Paris about ...
Beauvais, Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Marie de - A French bishop, b. at Cherbourg, 17 October, 1731; d. at Paris, 4 April, 1790. The sermons he ...
Bec, Abbey of - The Benedictine Abbey of Bec, or Le Bec, in Normandy, was founded in the earlier part of the ...
Becan, Martin - (Verbreck, van der Breck). Controversialist, born at Hilvarenbeck, Brabant, Holland, 6 ...
Beccaria, Giovanni Battista - A physicist, born at Mondovì, 3 October, 1716; died at Turin, 27 May, 1781. At the age ...
Beccus, John - Patriarch of Constantinople in the second half of the thirteenth century, one of the few Greek ...
Beche, Blessed John - ( Alias THOMAS MARSHALL). English Benedictine abbot and martyr ; date of birth unknown; ...
Beckedorff, George Philipp Ludolf von - Born at Hanover, 14 April, 1778; died at Grünhof, 27 February, 1858. He first studied ...
Becker, Thomas Andrew - Sixth Bishop of Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A. b. at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 20 December, 1832; ...
Becket, Saint Thomas - Martyr, Archbishop of Canterbury, born at London, 21 December, 1118 (?); died at Canterbury, 29 ...
Beckx, Pierre-Jean - Twenty-second General of the Society of Jesus , born at Sichem, Belgium, 8 February, 1795; died ...
Becquerel, Antoine-César - French physicist, b. at Chatillon-sur-Loing (Loiret), 7 March, 1788; d. at Paris, 18 January, ...
Bede - (Or B EAD , whence Bedehouse, Bedesman, Bederoll). The old English word bede (Anglo-Saxon ...
Bede, The Venerable - Historian and Doctor of the Church , born 672 or 673; died 735. In the last chapter of his great ...
Bedford, Gunning S. - Medical writer and teacher, b. at Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. of a distinguished family in ...
Bedford, Henry - Writer, educator, b. in London 1 October, 1816; d. in Dublin, Ireland, 21 May, 1903. With the ...
Bedingfeld, Frances - ( alias Long) Superioress of the English Institute of Mary , b. 1616 of a gentle family ...
Bedingfeld, Henry, Sir - Knight; b. 1509; d. 1583. He was the grandson of Sir Edmund Bedingfeld who had served in the Wars ...
Bedini, Cajetan - Italian Cardinal and diplomat; born at Sinigaglia, Italy, 15 May, 1806; died at Viterbo, 6 ...
Bedlam - (An English abbreviation of BETHLEHEM). A London hospital originally intended for the poor ...
Beelen, Ian Theodor - Exegete and Orientalist, b. at Amsterdam, 12 January 1807; d. at Louvain, 31 March 1884. After a ...
Beelphegor - ( Or BAALPEOR.) Beelphegor was the baal of Mt. Phogor, or Peor, a mountain of Moab. ...
Beelzebub - 1. Old Testament Beelzebub, or Baalzebûb, the Philistine god of Accaron (Ekron), ...
Beesley, George, Venerable - (Also spelled Bisley). Martyr, born at The Hill in Goosnargh parish, Lancaster, England, of an ...
Beethoven, Ludwig van - Born at Bonn, probably on 16 December, 1770; died at Vienna, 26 March, 1827. The date of his ...
Begnudelli-Basso, Francesco Antonio - A canonist who lived at the end of the seventeenth century; died at Freising, 9 October, 1713. ...
Beguines & Beghards - The etymology of the names Beghard and Beguine can only be conjectured. Most likely they are ...
Behaim, Albert von - (Known also as Albertus Bohemus) Born c. 1180, probably at Boheiming, in the Diocese of Passau ...
Behaim, Martin - (Martinus de Bohemia ) A German cartographer and navigator, b. at Nuremberg in 1459; d. at ...
Beirut - In Phoenicia, a titular Latin see, and the residential see of several prelates of Oriental ...
Beja - Diocese in Portugal, suffragan of Evora. It was created 10 June, 1770, and numbers 175,000 ...
Belasyse, John - B ARON B ELASYSE Born about 1614; died 1689, a loyal Catholic English nobleman, second son ...
Belchiam, Venerable Thomas - A Franciscan martyr in the reign of Henry VIII, date of birth uncertain; d. 3 August 1537. He ...
Belem do Pará, Archdiocese of - In South America, formerly (after 4 March, 1719) a suffragan diocese of Bahia (San Salvador), ...
Belfry - The upper part of the tower or steeple of a church, for the reception of the bells ; or a ...
Belgium - I. THE NAPOLEONIC ERA The victory of Fleurus, gained by the French army over the Austrian forces, ...
Belgrade and Smederevo - Titular (united) sees of Servia. The history of these sees is as confused as their present plight ...
Belgrado, Giacopo - Italian Jesuit and natural philosopher, born at Udine, 16 November, 1704; died in the same ...
Belial - Found frequently as a personal name in the Vulgate and various English translations of the ...
Belief - ( be and lyian , to hold dear). That state of the mind by which it assents to ...
Belin, Albert (Jean) - French prelate and writer, b. in Besançon early in the seventeenth century; d. 29 April, ...
Bell, Altar - A small bell placed on the credence or in some other convenient place on the epistle side ...
Bell, Angelus - The triple Hail Mary recited in the evening, which is the origin of our modern Angelus, was ...
Bell, Arthur, Venerable - ( alias F RANCIS ) Friar Minor and English martyr, b. at Temple-Broughton near Worcester, 13 ...
Bell, James - Priest and martyr, b. at Warrington in Lancashire, England, probably about 1520; d. 20 April, ...
Bellamy, Jerome - Jerome Bellamy of Uxenden Hall, near London, England, d. 1586, a member of an old Catholic family ...
Bellarini, John - Barnabite theologian, b. at Castelnuovo, Italy, in 1552; d. at Milan, 27 August, 1630. He was ...
Bellarmine, St. Robert - (Also, "Bellarmino"). A distinguished Jesuit theologian, writer, and cardinal, born at ...
Bellasius, Edward - Serjeant-at-Law, b. 14 October, 1800; d. 24 January, 1873; was one of the most able and respected ...
Bellecius, Aloysius - Jesuit ascetic author, born at Freiburg im Breisgau, 15 February, 1704; died at Augsburg, 27 ...
Bellenden, John - (Ballenden, or Ballantyne) A Scotch poet, b. at Haddington or Berwick in the latter part of ...
Belleville - The Diocese of Belleville comprises that part of southern Illinois, U.S.A. which lies south of ...
Belley - Diocese of Belley (Bellicium) Coextensive with the civil department of Ain and a suffragan of ...
Bellings, Sir Richard - (Or Belling) Irish historian, b. near Dublin early in the seventeenth century; d. in 1677. He ...
Bellini - Giacomo (Jacopo) Bellini Father of Gentile and Giovanni Bellini, b. about 1400; d. 1471. ...
Belloy, Jean-Baptiste de - Cardinal - Archbishop of Paris, b. 9 October, 1709, at Morangles in the Diocese of Beauvais ; ...
Bells - The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Origin; II. Benediction; III. Uses; IV. ...
Belluno-Feltre - (Diocese of Belluno-Feltre). Belluno, which was anciently called Bellunum, the metropolis of ...
Belmont, François Vachon de - Fifth superior of the Sulpicians at Montreal, b. at Grenoble, France, 1645; d. 1732. He went ...
Belshazzar - (Or, as found in the Septuagint Baltasár .) Baltasar is the Greek and Latin name for ...
Belson, Venerable Thomas - Martyr, b. at Brill in Oxfordshire, England, dated uncertain; d. 5 July 1589. He was at the ...
Belsunce de Castelmoron, Henri François Xavier de - Bishop of Marseilles, b. 1671 at the Château de la Force, in Périgord; d. 1755 at ...
Belzoni, Giambattista - An Egyptian explorer, b. at Padua, Italy, in 1778; d. Gato, Africa, 3 Dec., 1823. His father ...
Bembo, Pietro - A famous Italian scholar and Cardinal, b. of a noble family at Venice, 20 May, 1470; d. at ...
Benadir - Prefecture Apostolic in Africa ; lies between 8° and 12° N. lat., and between 42° ...
Benavides, Fray Alonzo - (Benavidez) Archbishop of Goa in the Portuguese Indies. Although a prelate of high rank, the ...
Bench, Communion - An adaptation of the sanctuary guard or altar-rail. Standing in front of this barrier, in a ...
Benda - A titular see of Albania. Its history is closely connected with that of the Sees of Narenta and ...
Benedict Biscop, Saint - An English monastic founder, born of a noble Anglo-Saxon family, c. 628; died 12 January 690. ...
Benedict I, Pope - Of the first Pontiff who bore the name of Benedict practically nothing is known. The date of his ...
Benedict II, Saint, Pope - Date of birth unknown; died 8 May, 685; was a Roman, and the son of John. Sent when young to the ...
Benedict III, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d. 17 April, 858. The election of the learned and ascetic Roman, Benedict, ...
Benedict IV, Pope - Date of birth unknown; died in the summer of 903. The Popes Benedict from the fourth to the ...
Benedict IX, Pope - The nephew of his two immediate predecessors, Benedict IX was a man of very different character ...
Benedict Joseph Labre, Saint - Born 26 March, 1748 at Amettes in the Diocese of Boulogne, France ; died in Rome 16 April, 1783. ...
Benedict Levita - Benedict Levita (of Mainz ), or Benedict the Deacon, is the name given to himself by the author ...
Benedict of Aniane, Saint - Born about 745-750; died at Cornelimünster, 11 February, 821. Benedict, originally known as ...
Benedict of Nursia, Saint - Founder of western monasticism, born at Nursia, c. 480; died at Monte Cassino , 543. The only ...
Benedict of Peterborough - Abbot and writer, place and date of birth unknown; d. 1193. He was educated at Oxford, and was ...
Benedict of San Philadelphio, Saint - (Or B ENEDICT THE M OOR ) Born at San Philadelphio or San Fradello, a village of the ...
Benedict V, Pope - Date of birth unknown; died 4 July, 965. Benedict V was elected pope (May, 964) in very ...
Benedict VI, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d. August, 974 (see Ricobaldi of Ferrara, Compil. Chron., in Rer. Ital. SS. ...
Benedict VII, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d. c. October, 983. Acting under the influence of Sicco (see BENEDICT VI ...
Benedict VIII, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d. 9 April, 1024. The first of the Tusculan popes, being the son of ...
Benedict X - The bearer of this name was an antipope in the days of Nicholas II, 1056-61.
Benedict XI, Pope - (Nicholas Boccasini) Born at Treviso, Italy, 1240; died at Perugia, 7 July, 1304. He entered ...
Benedict XII, Pope - (J ACQUES F OURNIER ) Third of the Avignon popes, b. at Saverdun in the province of ...
Benedict XIII, Pope - (PIETRO FRANCESCO ORSINI) Born 2 February, 1649; died 23 February, 1730. Being a son of ...
Benedict XIV, Pope - (P ROSPERO L ORENZO L AMBERTINI .) Son of Marcello Lambertini and Lucretia Bulgarini, b. ...
Benedict, Medal of - A medal, originally a cross, dedicated to the devotion in honour of St. Benedict. One ...
Benedict, Rule of Saint - This work holds the first place among monastic legislative codes, and was by far the most ...
Benedictbeurn, Abbey of - Situated in the Bavarian Alps, about thirty miles south of Munich. It was formerly in the ...
Benedicti, Jean - A Franciscan theologian of the sixteenth century belonging to the Observantine Province of ...
Benedictine Order - The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known ...
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament - One of the most generally popular of Catholic services is Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament, ...
Benedictional - ( Benedictionale ). A book containing a collection of benedictions or blessings in use in ...
Benedictus Polonus - A medieval Friar Minor missionary and traveller (c. 1245) companion of Giovanni da Piancarpino, ...
Benedictus, The - The Benedictus, given in Luke 1:68-79, is one of the three great canticles in the opening ...
Benefice - ( Latin Beneficium , a benefit) Popularly the term benefice is often understood to denote ...
Benefit of Clergy - The exemption from the jurisdiction of the secular courts, which in England, in the Middle ...
Benettis, Jeremiah - Friar Minor Capuchin and historical writer, d. in 1774. He belonged to the Province of Piedmont ...
Benevento, Archdiocese of - (BENEVENTANA). Benevento, the ancient Beneventum, the principal city of the province of the ...
Bengtsson, Jöns Oxenstjerna - (JOANNES BENEDICTI). Archbishop of Upsala, Sweden, b. 1417; d. in 1467. He was a member of ...
Bengy, Anatole de - A martyr of the French Commune, b. at Bourges, 19 September, 1824; d. in Paris, 26 May, 1871. ...
Benignus of Dijon, Saint - Martyr honoured as the patron saint and first herald of Christianity of Dijon (Divio) an old ...
Benignus, Saint - Date of birth unknown; d. 467, son of Sesenen, an Irish chieftain in that part of Ireland which ...
Benin - (Vicariate Apostolic of the Coast of Benin. Also called Oræ Benini). Includes an ...
Benjamin - ( Hebrew binjamin , "son of the right hand"). (1) The youngest son of Jacob born of ...
Benkert, Franz Georg - German theologian and historical writer, b. 25 September, 1790, at Nordheim, near the mountain ...
Benno II - Bishop of Osnabrück, b. at Luningen in Swabia; d. 27 July, 1088, in the Benedictine ...
Benoît, Michel - Born at Autun (or Dijon ), France, 8 October, 1715; died at Peking, 23 October, 1774, a ...
Benthamism - Jeremy Bentham an English jurist and reformer, born at Houndsditch, London, 15 February, 1748; ...
Bentivoglio, Family of - Originally from the castle of that name in the neighbourhood of Bologna, Italy. They claimed ...
Bentley, John Francis - English architect, b. at Doncaster, Yorkshire, in 1839; d. in London, February, 1902. From early ...
Bentney, William - ( Alias Bennet). An English Jesuit priest born in Cheshire, 1609; died 30 October, 1692. He ...
Benziger, Joseph Charles - Founder of the Catholic publishing house that bears his name, b. at Einsiedeln, Switzerland, ...
Benzoni, Girolamo - Born at Milan about 1519. He went to America in 1541 and successively visited the Antilles and ...
Berach, Saint - Of Termonbarry, d. 595; a disciple of St. Kevin and a celebrated Irish saint, whose memory is ...
Berard of Carbio, Saint - (Or BERALDUS). Friar Minor and martyr ; d. 16 January, 1220. Of the noble family of ...
Berardi, Carbo Sebastiano - Canonist, b. at Oneglia, Italy, 26 August, 1719; d. 1768. Having studied theology at Savona ...
Bercharius, Saint - (BERERUS). Abbot of Hautvillers in Champagne, b. 636; d. 28 March, 696. Descended from a ...
Bercheure, Pierre - (BERCHOIRE, BERSUIRE). A learned French Benedictine, b. 1290 at St. Pierre du Chemin ...
Berchmans, Saint John - Born at Diest in Brabant, 13 March, 1599; died at Rome, 13 August, 1621. His parents watched ...
Berchtold, Blessed - (BERTHOLD). Abbot of the Benedictine Monastery of Engelberg in Switzerland ; date of ...
Berdini of Sarteano, Blessed Albert - Franciscan Friar and missionary, born at Sarteano, in Tuscany, 1385; died at Milan, 15 August, ...
Berengarius of Tours - Born at Tours about 999; died on the island of St. Cosme, near that city, in 1088. Having ...
Berenice - A titular see of Egypt which was situated at the end of Major Syrtis where Bengazi stands ...
Bergamo - (Diocese of Bergamo). The city, called by the ancients Bergonum, is capital of the province of ...
Bergen, Ancient See of - (BERGA, BERGENSIS.) The diocese included the Provinces of Nordre and Sondre Bergenhus, and ...
Bergier, Nicolas-Sylvestre - French theologian, b. 31 December, 1715 at Darney in Lorraine ; d. at Versailles, 9 April, 1790. ...
Berin, Saint - Confessor, first Bishop of Dorchester (in what is now the County of Oxford, not Dorchester, ...
Berington, Charles - Titular Bishop of Hiero-Caesarea, b. at Stock, Essex, England, 1748; d. 8 June, 1798. His life ...
Berington, Joseph - One of the best known Catholic writers of his day, b. at Winsley, in Herefordshire, 16 January, ...
Berisford, Humphrey - Confessor (c. 1588) of whom the only extant account occurs in the manuscript marked "F", ...
Berissa - (Berisa or Verissa) A titular see of Pontus Polemoniacus, in Asia Minor which Kiepert and ...
Beristain y Martin de Souza, José Mariano - Mexican bibliographer, b. in Puebla, Mexico, 22 May, 1756; d. at Mexico, 23 March, 1817. He went ...
Berlage, Anton - Dogmatic theologian, b. 21 December, 1805, at Münster, Westphalia ; d. there, 6 December, ...
Berland, Pierre - Archbishop of Bordeaux, b. 1375 in Médoc; d. 1457 at Bordeaux. Being of humble ...
Berlanga, Fray Tomás de - Bishop of Panama, b. at Berlanga in Spain, date uncertain; d. there 8 August, 1551. He was ...
Berlin - Capital of the German Empire and of the Kingdom of Prussia, and residence of the German ...
Berlioz, Hector - French composer, b. at La Côte Saint-André, near Grenoble, 11 December, 1803; d. at ...
Bernal, Agostino - Spanish theologian, born at Magallon in Aragon in 1587; died at Saragossa, 13 September, 1642. ...
Bernard Guidonis - Inquisitor of Toulouse against the Albigenses and Bishop of Lodève, b. at ...
Bernard of Besse - Friar Minor and chronicler, a native of Aquitaine, date of birth uncertain; he belonged to the ...
Bernard of Bologna - ( Also Bernardine; Flovitano Toselli). Friar Minor Capuchin and Scotist theologian, born at ...
Bernard of Botone - Generally called Parmensis from his birthplace, Parma in Italy, a noted canonist of the ...
Bernard of Clairvaux, Saint - Born in 1090, at Fontaines, near Dijon, France ; died at Clairvaux, 21 August, 1153. His ...
Bernard of Cluny - Bernard of Cluny (or of Morlaix), a Benedictine monk of the first half of the twelfth century, ...
Bernard of Compostella - (1) Bernard of Compostella (Antiquus) A canonist of the early thirteenth century, a native of ...
Bernard of Luxemburg - Dominican theologian, controversialist, and Inquisitor of the Archdioceses of Cologne, Mainz, ...
Bernard of Menthon, Saint - Born in 923, probably in the castle Menthon near Annecy, in Savoy ; died at Novara, 1008. He ...
Bernard of Pavia - A noted canonist, provost of the cathedral chapter of Pavia, and, in 1190, promoted to the ...
Bernard Tolomeo, Saint - Founder of the congregation of the Blessed Virgin of Monte Oliveto, born at Siena in Tuscany ...
Bernard, Alexis-Xyste - Bishop of St. Hyacinth, P.Q., Canada. b. at Beloeil, P.Q., 29 December, 1847. He made his ...
Bernard, Claude - A French ecclesiastic known as "the poor priest " ( le pauvre prêtre ), b. at Dijon 23 ...
Bernard, Claude - French physiologist, b. 12 July, 1813 at Saint Julien near Villefranche, France ; d. at Paris, ...
Bernard, Saint - (BARNARD.) Archbishop of Vienne, France. Born in 778; died at Vienne, 23 January, 842. His ...
Bernardine of Feltre, Blessed - Friar Minor and missionary, b. at Feltre, Italy, in 1439 and d. at Pavia, 28 September, 1494. He ...
Bernardine of Fossa, Blessed - Of the Order of Friars Minor, historian and ascetical writer, b. at Fossa, in the Diocese of ...
Bernardine of Siena, Saint - Friar Minor, missionary, and reformer, often called the "Apostle ofItaly ", b. of the noblefamily ...
Bernardines, The - Title of certain sisters of the order of Cîteaux who at the end of the sixteenth and in ...
Berne - The fourth city of Switzerland in population, capital of a canton of the same name which is the ...
Berni, Francesco - An Italian comic poet, b. at Lamporecchio (Florence) 1497 or 1498; d. at Florence, 26 May, ...
Bernier, Etienne-Alexandre - French Bishop, b. at Daon (Mayenne), 31 October, 1762; d. at Paris, 1 October, 1806. He was a ...
Bernini, Domenico - Son of the famous artist Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini , lived in the early part of the eighteenth ...
Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo - One of the most vigorous and fertile of Italian architects and sculptors, b. at Naples in 1598; ...
Bernini, Giuseppe Maria - A Capuchin missionary and Orientalist, b. near Carignan in Piedmont ; d. in Hindustan in 1753. ...
Bernis, François-Joachim-Pierre de - A French cardinal and statesman, b. 1715 at Saint-Marcel-d'Ardèche; d. at Rome, 1794. ...
Berno - (Apostle of the Obotrites), in the latter half of the twelfth century. The Obotrites were one of ...
Berno (Abbot of Reichenau) - Famous as orator, poet, philosopher, and musician, born (date unknown) at Prüm near Trier ...
Bernold of Constance - Historian and theologian, b. in Swabia about 1054; d. at Schaffhausen, 16 September, 1100. He ...
Bernward, Saint - Thirteenth Bishop of Hildesheim, Germany, b. about the middle of the tenth century; d. 20 ...
Beroea - (Later, Berrhoea, Beroie, and Beroe ). A titular see of Macedonia, at the foot of Mount ...
Berosus - ( Berosós or Berossós ) The name of a native historian of Babylonia and a ...
Beroth - (B EEROTH ) A city in Chanaan, one of the confederation of cities under the headship of ...
Berrettini, Pietro - (Called Pietro da Cortona) A distinguished Italian painter, architect, and writer, b. at ...
Berruguete, Alonso - For his mastery of the arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture, sometimes called the ...
Berruyer, Isaac-Joseph - Born at Roueb, 7 November, 1681; died at Paris, 18 February, 1758. He entered the Society of Jesus ...
Berryer, Pierre-Antoine - French advocate, orator, and statesman, son of Pierre-Nicolas Berryer, an advocate, b. at Paris, ...
Bersabee - ( Bar sb‘ or Beersheba ) A town on the southern extremity of Palestine, one of the ...
Bertha - Of the various holy women bearing the name of Bertha, five are more particularly worthy of ...
Berthier, Guillaume-François - A Jesuit professor and writer, born at Issoudun, 1704; died at Bourges, 1782. He taught ...
Berthold - Bishop, Apostle of the Livonians, killed 24 July, 1198, in a crusade against the pagan ...
Berthold of Chiemsee - A German bishop and theological writer, b. 1465 at Salzburg, Austria ; d. 19 July, 1543, at ...
Berthold of Henneberg - Archbishop and Elector of Mainz, b. 1441; d. 21 December, 1504. Having completed his education ...
Berthold of Ratisbon - A Franciscan of the monastery of that city and the most powerful preacher of repentance in the ...
Berthold of Reichenau - A Benedictine monk and chronicler of the celebrated Abbey of Reichenau on the Lake of ...
Berti, Giovanni Lorenzo - An Italian theologian, b. 28 May, 1696, at Sarravezza, Tuscany ; d. 26 March, 1766, at Pisa. His ...
Bertin, Saint - Abbot of St. Omer, b. near Constance about 615; d. about 709. At an early age he entered the ...
Bertinoro - Bertinoro, anciently called Forum Truentinorum, and, at the time of the Gothic war, Petra ...
Bertonio, Ludovico - An Italian missionary, born 1552 at Rocca Contrada near Ancona ; died at Lima, Peru, 3 ...
Bertrand, Louis, Saint - Born at Valencia, Spain, 1 Jan., 1526; died 9 Oct., 1581. His patents were Juan Bertrand and ...
Bertrand, Pierre - (1) A French Cardinal, theologian, and canonist, b. 1280 at Annonay in Vivarais; d. 1348 or 1349 ...
Bertulf, Saint - Abbot of Bobbio, date of birth unknown; d. 639 or 640. He was the son of a pagan nobleman in ...
Bervanger, Martin de - A French priest, founder of charitable institutions ; b. at Sarrelouis, 15 May, 1795; d. at ...
Besançon - Archdiocese coextensive with the departments of Doubs, Haute-Saône, and the district of ...
Besange, Jerome Lamy, O.S.B - Born at Linz, 1726; died 1781. For twenty-four years he taught Scripture at Salzburg. He ...
Beschefer, Theodore - Jesuit missionary in Canada, born at Châlons-sur-marne, 25 May, 1630; died at Reims, 4 ...
Beschi, Costanzo Giuseppe - Born at Castiglione in the Venetian Republic, 1680; died at Manapar c. 1746. He entered the ...
Beseleel - (Beçál'el, in the shadow of God). I. The son of Uri and grandson of Hur of the ...
Besoigne, Jérôme - A Jansenist writer, b. at Paris, 1686; d. 1763. Ordained in 1715, he received the doctorate of ...
Besoldus, Christopher - A German jurist and publicist, b. of Protestant parents in 1577 at Tübingen, ...
Bessarion, Johannes - (Or B ASILIUS ). Cardinal ; b. at Trebizond, 1389, or according to others, 1395, but most ...
Bessel, Johann Franz - (In religion Gottfried ) Benedictine, abbot, and historian, b. 5 September, 1672, at ...
Beste, Henry Digby - Miscellaneous author, b. at Lincoln, England, 21 October, 1768; d. at Brighton, 28 May, 1836. He ...
Bestiaries - Medieval books on animals, in which the real or fabulous characteristics of actually existent or ...
Betanzos, Fray Domingo - A Dominican missionary, d. at Valladolid, Sept., 1549. One of the most illustrious Dominicans ...
Betanzos, Fray Pedro de - A Franciscan missionary, b. at Betanzos in Galicia; d. at Chomez, Nicaragua, 1570. He was one ...
Betanzos, Juan de - Unfortunately very little is known as yet of this official, who has left such valuable works on ...
Bethany - ( Bethania ). A village of Palestine, fifteen furlongs, or one mile and three-quarters, east ...
Bethany Beyond the Jordan - ( Bethania peran tou Iordanou ). In the text of St. John's Gospel, i, 28, the author locates ...
Betharan - A city of the Amorrhites in the valley-plain east of the Jordan, about twelve miles from ...
Bethdagon - Name of two cities in Palestine. (1) A city ( Joshua 15:41 ) of the tribe of Juda "in the plains", ...
Bethel - ( Hebrew word meaning "house of God "). An ancient Cansanitish town, twelve miles north of ...
Bethlehem - A titular see of Palestine. The early name of the city was Ephrata; afterwards Bethlehem, "House ...
Bethlehem - The old Hebrew name bêth lehem , meaning "house of bread", has survived till the present ...
Bethlehem - An architectural term used in the Ethiopic Church for the oven or bakehouse for baking the ...
Bethlehemites - MILITARY ORDERS There were two military orders dedicated to Our Lady of Bethlehem and known ...
Bethsaida - Bethsaida is: a city, or perhaps two cities, on the shore of the Lake of Genesareth, the ...
Bethsan - ( Hebrew Beth Shean , or Beth Shan , "place of rest"). A city within Issachar, but assigned to ...
Bethulia - (Greek Betuloua ). The city whose deliverance by Judith, when besieged by Holofernes, forms ...
Betrothal - ( Latin sponsalia ). The giving of one's troth — that is, one's true faith or promise. ...
Bettiah - Prefecture Apostolic in northern India, includes as part of its jurisdiction the entire native ...
Betting - A bet may be defined as the backing of an affirmation or forecast by offering to forfeit, in ...
Beugnot, Auguste-Arthur, Count - French historian and statesman, b. at Bar-sur-Aube, 25 March, 1797; d. at Paris, 15 March, 1865. ...
Beuno, Saint - Abbot of Clynnog, d. 660(?), was, according to the "Bucced Beuno", born in Powis-land and, after ...
Beverley Minster - A collegiate church at Beverley, capital of the East Riding of Yorkshire, served by a chapter ...
Beyerlinck, Lawrence - Belgian theologian and ecclesiastical writer, b. at Antwerp, April, 1578; d. at the same place, ...
Bezae, Codex - (CODEX CANTABRIGIENSIS), one of the five most important Greek New Testament manuscripts, and the ...
Bianchi, Giovanni Antonio - Friar Minor andtheologian, b. at Lucca, 2 October, 1686; d. at Rome, 18 January, 1768. At the age ...
Bianchini, Francesco - A student of the natural sciences, and an historian, b. at Verona, Northern Italy, 13 December, ...
Bianchini, Giuseppe - (Giuseppe Blanchini). Italian Oratorian, Biblical, historical, and liturgical scholar, b. ...
Bianconi, Charles - Merchant and philanthropist, b. 26 September, 1785, in the duchy of Milan ; d. near Clonmel, ...
Biard, Pierre - Jesuit missionary, born at Grenoble, France, 1576; died at Avignon, 17 November, 1622. In 1608 ...
Bibbiena - (Bernardo Dovizi) An Italian Cardinal and comedy-writer, known best by the name of the town ...
Bibiana, Saint - The earliest mention in an authentic historical authority of St. Bibiana (Vibiana), a Roman ...
Bible Societies - Protestant Bible Societies, established for the purpose of publishing and propagating the Bible ...
Bible, Authenticity of the - The authenticity or authority of Holy Writ is twofold on account of its twofold authorship. ...
Bible, Coptic Versions of the - DIALECTS The Coptic language is now recognized in four principal dialects, Bohairic (formerly ...
Bible, Editions of the - In the present article we understand by editions of the Bible the printed reproductions of its ...
Bible, Inspiration of the - The subject will be treated in this article under the four heads: I. Belief in Inspired books; ...
Bible, Manuscripts of the - Manuscripts are written, as opposed to printed, copies of the original text or of a version ...
Bible, The - A collection of writings which the Church of God has solemnly recognized as inspired. The ...
Bible, Versions of the - Synopsis GREEK : Septuagint; Aquila; Theodotion; Symmachus; other versions. VERSIONS FROM THE ...
Bibles, Picture - In the Middle Ages the Church made use of pictures as a means of instruction, to supplement ...
Bibles, Rhymed - The rhymed versions of the Bible are almost entirely collections of the psalms. The oldest ...
Biblia Pauperum - (BIBLE OF THE POOR). A collection of pictures representing scenes from Our Lord's life with ...
Biblical Accommodation - We shall consider (1) what is meant by biblical accommodation; (2) its use in Sacred Scripture; ...
Biblical Antiquities - This department of archæology has been variously defined and classified. Some scholars have ...
Biblical Commission, The - A committee of cardinals at Rome who, with the assistance of consultors, have to secure the ...
Biblical Introduction - A technical name which is usually applied to two distinct, but intimately connected, things. ...
Bickell, Gustav - Orientalist, b. at Cassel, 7 July, 1838; d. at Vienna, 15 Jan., 1906. His father, Johann Wilhelm ...
Bickerdike, Robert, Venerable - Martyr, a Yorkshire layman, b. at Low Hall, near Knaresborough (date unknown), but residing at ...
Bicknor, Alexander - Archbishop of Dublin, date of birth unknown; d. 1349. As his surname suggests he came from a ...
Bidermann, James - A poet and theologian of great learning and sanctity, b. at Ebingen, Germany, in 1578; d. at ...
Biel, Gabriel - Called "the last of the Scholastics ", b. at Speyer, Germany, c. 1425; d. at Tübingen, ...
Biella - The city of Biella, the see of the diocese of that name, is an important industrial centre ...
Bielski, Marcin - (Or Wolski) A Polish chronicler, b. of noble parentage on the patrimonial estate of Biala ...
Bienville, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de - French Governor of Louisiana and founder of New Orleans, b. in Montreal, Canada, 24 February, ...
Bigamy (in Canon Law) - According to the strict meaning, the word should signify the marrying of a second after the death ...
Bigamy (in Civil Law) - ( French bigamie , from Latin bis , twice, and Greek gamos , marriage) Bigamy, in civil ...
Bigne, Marguerin de la - (Binius, Bignaeus) French theologian and patrologist, b. about 1546 at ...
Billart, Saint Julie - ( Also Julia). Foundress, and first superior-general of the Congregation of the Sisters of ...
Billick, Eberhard - ( Also Steinberger, Latin Latomus, Lapicida ). German theologian, opponent of the ...
Billy, Jacques de - (Billi) A French patristic scholar, theologian, jurist, linguist, and a Benedictine abbot, ...
Bilocation - (Latin bis , twice, and locatio , place.) I. The question whether the same finite being ...
Bination - The offering up of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass twice on the same day by the same celebrant. ...
Biner, Joseph - Canonist, historian, and theologian, b. at Gluringen, Switzerland, 1697; d. at Torrenburg, ...
Binet, Etienne - Jesuit author, born at Dijon, France, 1569; died at Paris, 1639. He entered the Society of ...
Binet, Jacques-Philippe-Marie - French mathematician and astronomer, b. at Rennes, in Brittany, 2 February, 1786; d. in Paris, ...
Binius, Severin - Historian and critic, b. in 1573 in the village of Randerath, Western Germany ; d. 14 February, ...
Binterim, Anton Joseph - Born at Düsseldorf, 19 September, 1779; died at Bilk, 17 May, 1855, a theologian of repute ...
Biogenesis and Abiogenesis - According to their Greek derivation these two terms refer to the origin of life. Biogenesis is ...
Biology - (From bios , life and logos , reason, account, reasoning) Biology may be defined as the ...
Biondo, Flavio - A distinguished Italian arch æologist and historian, b. at Forli in 1388; d. at Rome in ...
Biot, Jean-Baptiste - A physicist and mathematician, born at Paris, France, 21 April, 1774; died. there, 3 ...
Birds (in Symbolism) - Many kinds of birds are used in Christian symbolism. The first to be so employed was the Dove ...
Biretta - A square cap with three ridges or peaks on its upper surface, worn by clerics of all grades from ...
Birinus, Saint - Confessor, first Bishop of Dorchester (in what is now the County of Oxford, not Dorchester, ...
Birkowski, Fabian - Polish preacher, b. at Lemberg, 1566; d. at Cracow, 1636. He completed his studies at the ...
Birmingham - (BIRMINGHAMIA, BIRMINGHAMIENSIS) One of the thirteen dioceses erected by the Apostolic ...
Birnbaum, Heinrich - (Also known as DE PIRO, the latinized form of this German name) A pious and learned ...
Birth, The Defect of - (ILLEGITIMACY) A canonical impediment to ordination. When used in this connection, the word ...
Birtha - A titular see of Osrhaene, probably identical with Birejik (Zegma) on the left bank of the ...
Bisarchio, Diocese of - Situated in Sardinia, in the province of Sassari, district of Nuoro, and suffragan to the ...
Biscop, Saint Benedict - An English monastic founder, born of a noble Anglo-Saxon family, c. 628; died 12 January 690. ...
Bishop - (Anglo-Saxon Biscop, Busceop , German Bischof ; from the Greek episkopos , an overseer, ...
Bishop's Crook - (Or PASTORAL STAFF). The crosier is an ecclesiastical ornament which is conferred on bishops ...
Bishop, Auxiliary - A bishop deputed to a diocesan who, capable of governing and administering his diocese, is ...
Bishop, William - The first superior in England in episcopal orders since the old hierarchy died out in the ...
Bismarck, Diocese of - (BISMARCKIENSIS). In North Dakota, this diocese was erected on 31 December, 1909, and is ...
Bisomus - A tomb large enough to contain two bodies. The ordinary tombs ( loci ) in the galleries of ...
Black Fast, The - This form of fasting, the most rigorous in the history of church legislation, was marked by ...
Blackburne, Robert - An English Catholic who suffered imprisonment in the closing years of the seventeenth, and ...
Blackfoot Indians - An important tribe of the Northern Plains, constituting the westernmost extension of the great ...
Blackwood, Adam - Author, b. at Dunfermline, Scotland, 1539; d. 1613. He was a great-nephew of Robert Reid, Bishop ...
Blaise, Saint - Bishop and martyr. The ninth-century martyrologies of Europe in their lists, which are ...
Blanc, Anthony - Fifth Bishop, and first Archbishop, of New Orleans, La., U.S.A. b. at Sury, near Lyons, ...
Blanchard, Jean-Baptiste - (Duchesne). A French Jesuit and educator, born 12 October, 1731, at Tourteron in the ...
Blanchet, Augustin Magloire - Brother of François Norbert Blanchet , first Bishop of Walla Walla-Nesqually, State of ...
Blanchet, Franç Norbert - Missionary and first Archbishop of Oregon City, U.S.A. son of Pierre Blanchet, a Canadian ...
Blandina, Saint - Virgin and martyr. She belongs to the band of martyrs of Lyons who, after some of their ...
Blane, Saint - ( Or BLAAN). Bishop and Confessor in Scotland, b. on the island of Bute, date unknown; d. ...
Blasphemy - Blasphemy (Greek blaptein , "to injure", and pheme , "reputation") signifies etymologically ...
Blastares, Matthew - A monk of the Order of St. Basil, living in the fourteenth century, who applied himself to the ...
Blathmac, Saint - A distinguished Irish monk, b. in Ireland about 750. He suffered martyrdom in Iona, about ...
Blemmida, Nicephorus - (B LEMMYDES ) A learned monk and writer of the Green Church, b. about 1198, at ...
Blenkinsop - Peter Blenkinsop Catholic publisher, b. in Ireland ; married a sister of Archbishop Oliver Kelly ...
Blessed Sacrament, Congregation of the - An enclosed congregation and a reform of the Dominican Order devoted to the perpetual adoration ...
Blessed Sacrament, Exposition of the - Exposition is a manner of honouring the Holy Eucharist, by exposing It, with proper solemnity, to ...
Blessed Sacrament, Reservation of the - The practice of preserving after the celebration of the Liturgy a portion of the consecrated ...
Blessed Sacrament, Sisters of the - One of the most recent congregations of religious women in the Catholic Church and one of ...
Blessed Sacrament, The - Since Christ is present under the appearances of bread and wine in a sacramental way, the ...
Blessed Sacrament, Visits to the - By this devotional practice, which is of comparatively modern development, the presence of ...
Blessed Virgin Mary, The - The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God. In general, the ...
Blessed, The - There are at present two ways in which the Church allows public worship to be paid those who ...
Blessing - In its widest acceptation this word has a variety of meanings in the sacred writings: It has ...
Blessing, Apostolic - The solemn blessing ( urbi et orbi ) which, before 1870, the Holy Father himself gave from the ...
Blind, Education of the - Although the education of the blind as a class dates back no further than the year 1784, ...
Blois - DIOCESE OF BLOIS (BLESENSIS). Coextensive with the civil department of Loir-et-Cher and a ...
Blomevenna, Peter - (PETER A LEYDIS) Carthusian, b. at Leyden, in Holland in 1466; d. 30 September, 1536. Owing to ...
Blood Indians - A group of North American aborigines forming part of the Blackfeet Tribe, which, with the ...
Blosius, François-Louis - (Also called de Blois ). A Benedictine abbot and spiritual writer, born at Donstienne, ...
Bluetooth, Harold - (B LAATAND ) Born 911; died 1 November, 985 or 986. He was the son of King Gorm the Old of ...
Blyssen, Heinrich - Born at Cologne or Bonn, Germany in 1526; died at Graz, 24 April, 1586. He entered the Society ...
Blyth, Francis - English Carmelite, reviser of the Douay Bible, born c. 1705; d. in London, 11 December 1772. ...
Bobadilla, Nicolaus - Born at Valencia, Spain, 1511; died at Loretto, Italy, 23 September, 1590. After having taught ...
Bobbio, Abbey and Diocese of - The diocese ( Ebovium , or Bobium ; Dioecesis Eboviensis , or Bobiensis ), which is ...
Bobola, Saint Andrew - Martyr, born of an old and illustrious Polish family, in the Palatinate of Sandomir, 1590; ...
Boccaccino - Boccaccio Boccaccino An eminent Italian painter, b. at Cremona, 1460, and d. probably in 1525 ...
Boccaccio, Giovanni - Italian novelist, b. in Paris, 1313; d. in Certaldo, 21 December, 1375. His father, a merchant ...
Bocking, Edward - (or B OKKYNG ). English Benedictine, b. of East Anglian parentage, end of fifteenth century; ...
Bodey, Ven. John - Martyr, b. at Wells, Somerset: 1549; d. at Andover, Wilts., 2 November, 1583. He studied at ...
Bodin, Jean - Born at Angers, 1520, probably of Jewish origin: died at Laon, 1596. He studied and taught ...
Bodone - A titular see of Albania. The name is a dialectic form of Dodone, in Epirus, near Janina at the ...
Boece, Hector - (Also BOYCE and BOETHIUS) Chronicler and one of the founders of the University of Aberdeen, b. ...
Boeri, Petrus - (BOHIER) A french benedictine canonist and bishop, b. during the first quarter of the ...
Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus - Roman statesman and philosopher, often styled "the last of the Romans", regarded by tradition as ...
Bogotá - ARCHDIOCESE OF SANTA FÉ DE BOGOTÁ (BOGOTENSIS) The city of Bogotá, capital ...
Bohemia - (Germ. Böhmen , or formerly Böheim ; Latin Bohemia or Bojohemum ), a cisleithan ...
Bohemian Brethren - (MORAVIAN BRETHREN, or UNITAS FRATRUM). DEFINITION AND DOCTRINAL POSITION "Bohemian Brethren" ...
Bohemians of the United States - A traveler who has seen the natural beauties of Bohemia, its vast resources, and the thrift of ...
Boiano - Diocese in the province of Benevento, Italy, suffragan to the Archbishopric of Benevento. The ...
Boiardo, Matteo Maria - An Italian poet, b. about 1434, at, or near, Scandiano (Reggio-Emilia); d. at Reggio, 20 ...
Boileau-Despréaux, Nicholas - French poet, b. at Paris, 1 November, 1636; d. there, 13 March, 1711. He was educated at the ...
Bois-le-Duc - The Diocese of Bois-le-Duc ( Buscoducensis ) lies within the Dutch province of Brabant, and ...
Boise - Diocese of Boise ( Xylopolitana ) Created by Leo XIII, 25 August, 1893, embraces the ...
Boisgelin, Jean de Dieu-Raymond de Cucé de - French prelate and cardinal, b. of an ancient family at Rennes in Brittany, 27 February, ...
Boisil, Saint - Superior of Melrose Abbey , d. 664. Almost all that is known of St. Boisil is learnt from Bede ...
Bokenham, Osbern - (Bokenam) English Augustinian friar and poet, b. 1393 (the year in which the most famous of ...
Bolanden, Conrad von - (Joseph Bischoff) A German novelist, son of a rich merchant, b. 9 August, 1828, at ...
Bolgeni, Giovanni Vincenzo - Theologian and controversialist, b. at Bergamo, Italy, 22 January, 1733; d. at Rome, 3 May, ...
Bolivia - A South American republic which lies between longitudes west of Greenwich 57 deg. 30' and 74 deg., ...
Bollandists, The - An association of ecclesiastical scholars engaged in editing the Acta Sanctorum. This work is a ...
Bollig, Johann - Distinguished Orientalist, born near Düren in Rhenish Prussia 23 August, 1821; died at ...
Bologna - ARCHDIOCESE OF BOLOGNA HISTORY Bologna is the principal city in the province of the same name, ...
Bologna, Giovanni da - Flemish Renaissance sculptor, b. at Douai, in Flanders, about 1524; d. at Florence in 1608. ...
Bologna, University of - A tradition of the thirteenth century attributed the foundation of this university to Theodosius ...
Bolsec, Jérôme-Hermès - A theologian and physician, b. probably at Paris, date unknown; d. at Lyons c. 1584. He ...
Bolton, Edmund - Historian, antiquary, and poet, born c. 1575; died c. 1633. The genuine loyalty in the Catholic ...
Bolzano, Bernhard - Austrian mathematician and philosopher, b. at Prague, 5 October, 1781; d. 18 December, 1848. As ...
Bombay - (BOMBAYENSIS) The Archdiocese of Bombay comprises the Island of Bombay with several outlying ...
Bommel, Cornelius Richard Anton van - Bishop of Liège, born at Leyden, in Holland on 5 April, 1790; died 7 April 1852. He was ...
Bon Secours, Institutes of - I. INSTITUTE OF BON SECOURS (DE PARIS) The first of the congregations of nursing sisters, gardes ...
Bona Mors Confraternity, The - (Bona Mors = "Happy Death"). The Bona Mors Confraternity was founded 2 October, 1648, in the ...
Bona, Giovanni - A distinguished cardinal and author, b. of an old French family at Mondovì, in ...
Bonagratia of Bergamo - (Or PERGAMO) Friar Minor , theologian, and canonist, date of birth unknown; d. at Munich, ...
Bonal, François de - Bishop of Clermont, b. 1734 at the castle of Bonal, near Agen ; d. at Munich, 1800. He had ...
Bonal, Raymond - French theologian and founder of the Congregation of the Priests of St. Mary (Bonalists), b. ...
Bonald, Louis-Gabriel-Ambroise, Vicompte de - French statesman, writer, and philosopher, b. at Monna, near Millau, in Rouergue (Aveyron) 2 ...
Bonald, Louis-Jacques-Maurice de - Cardinal, b. at Millau, in Rouergue (now Aveyron), 30 October, 1787, d. at Lyons, 25 Feb., 1870. ...
Bonaparte, Charles-Lucien-Jules-Laurent - Prince of Canino and Musignano, ornithologist, b. in Paris, 24 May, 1803; d. in the same city 29 ...
Bonaventure, College of Saint - At Quaracchi, near Florence, Italy, famous as the centre of literary activity in the Order of ...
Bonaventure, Saint - Doctor of the Church, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano, Minister General of the Friars Minor, born at ...
Boncompagni, Balthasar - Italian mathematician, b. at Rome, 10 May, 1821; d. 13 April, 1894. He was a member of the ...
Bonet, Juan Pablo - A Spanish priest and one of the first to give attention to the education of the deaf and dumb ...
Bonet, Nicholas - Friar Minor, theologian, and missionary,date of birth uncertain; d. 1360. Probably a Frenchman by ...
Bonfrère, Jacques - Biblical scholar, born at Dinant, Belgium, 12 April, 1573; died at Tournai, 9 May, 1642. He ...
Boni Homines - (Or BONSHOMMES). This name was popularly given to at least three religious orders in the ...
Boniface Association - (B ONIFATIUSVEREIN ). The Boniface Association, one of the most successful Catholic ...
Boniface I, Pope Saint - Elected 28 December, 418; d. at Rome, 4 September, 422. Little is known of his life antecedent to ...
Boniface II, Pope - Elected 17 September, 530; died October, 532. In calling him the son of Sigisbald, the "Liber ...
Boniface III, Pope - Pope Boniface III, of Roman extraction and the son of John Cataadioce, was elected to succeed ...
Boniface IV, Pope Saint - Son of John, a physician, a Marsian from the province and town of Valeria; he succeeded Boniface ...
Boniface IX, Pope - Elected at Rome, 2 November, 1389, as successor of the Roman Pope, Urban VI ; d. there, 1 ...
Boniface of Savoy - Forty-sixth Archbishop of Canterbury and son of Thomas, Count of Savoy, date of birth ...
Boniface V, Pope - A Neapolitan who succeeded Deusdedit after a vacancy of more than a year; consecrated 23 ...
Boniface VI, Pope - A Roman, elected in 896 by the Roman faction in a popular tumult, to succeed Formosus. He ...
Boniface VII, Antipope - (Previously B ONIFACE F RANCO ) A Roman and son of Ferrucius; was intruded into the ...
Boniface VIII, Pope - (B ENEDETTO G AETANO ) Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He ...
Boniface, Saint - (WINFRID, WYNFRITH). Apostle of Germany, date of birth unknown; martyred 5 June, 755 (754); ...
Bonizo of Sutri - (Or BONITHO). Bishop of Sutri in Central Italy, in the eleventh century, an adherent of ...
Bonn, University of - (RHEINSCHE FRIEDRICH-WILHELMS-UNIVERSITÄT). An academy was founded at Bonn in 1777 by Max ...
Bonnard, Ven. Jean Louis - A French missionary and martyr, b. 1 March, 1824 at Saint-Christôt-en-Jarret ( Diocese of ...
Bonne-Espérance, The Abbey of - Situated near Binche, province of Hainault, Diocese of Tournai, Belgium. It owes its foundation ...
Bonnechose, Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de - Cardinal and senator, b. at Paris, 1800; d. 1883. Entering the magistracy, he became ...
Bonner, Edmund - Bishop of London, b. about 1500; d. 1569. He was the son of Edmund Bonner, a sawyer of Potter's ...
Bonnetty, Augustin - A French writer, b. at Entrevaux (dept. of Basses-Alpes) 9 May, 1798, d. at Paris, 26 March, ...
Bonosus - Bishop of Sardica, a heretic in the latter part of the fourth century. Against the common ...
Bonvicino, Alessandro - (Called Il Moretto, or Moretto da Brescia). One of the finest North Italian painters of the ...
Book of Common Prayer - I. HISTORY On 21 January, 1549, the first Act of Uniformity was passed imposing upon the whole ...
Book of Kells - An Irish manuscript containing the Four Gospels, a fragment of Hebrew names, and the Eusebian ...
Book of Martyrs, Foxe's - John Foxe was born at Boston in Lincolnshire, England, in 1516, and was educated at Magdalen ...
Books, Index of Prohibited - The Index of Prohibited Books, or simply "Index", is used in a restricted sense to signify the ...
Boré, Eugène - Orientalist, b. at Angers, 15 Aug., 1809; d. at Paris, 3 May, 1878. From the college of Angers ...
Bordeaux - (BURDIGALA). Archdiocese ; comprises the entire department of the Gironde and was established ...
Bordeaux, University of - The University of Bordeaux was founded during the English domination, under King Henry VI , in ...
Bordone, Cavaliere Paris - An eminent painter of the Venetian school, b. at Treviso, 1500 d. at Venice, 1570. A member of ...
Borgess, Caspar Henry - Third Bishop of Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. b. at Kloppenburg, Hanover, Germany, 1 August, ...
Borgia, Stefano - Cardinal, born at Velletri, 3 December, 1731; died at Lyons, 1804; Italian theologian, ...
Borgo San-Donnino - Diocese in the province of Parma, Italy. The city takes its name from St. Domninus, who fled to ...
Borgo San-Sepolcro - Diocese situated in the province of Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy. The city is believed by some to ...
Borgognone, Ambrogio - (Real name AMBROGIO STEFANI DA FOSSANO). A distinguished Italian painter and architect, b. ...
Borie, Pierre-Rose-Ursule-Dumoulin - Bishop-elect of Acanthus, Vicar Apostolic of Western Tongking and Martyr ; b. 20 February, ...
Borneo - I. DUTCH BORNEO The former Vicariate of Bavaria was composed of Sumatra, Java, and the other ...
Borras, Francisco Nicolás - A distinguished Spanish painter, born at Cocentaina, 1530; died at Gandia, 1610. Going to ...
Borromeo, Andrea - An Italian missionary, born on the first half of the seventeenth century, at or near Milan ; ...
Borromeo, Federico - Cardinal and Archbishop of Milan, cousin and successor of St. Charles Borromeo, born at Milan ...
Borromeo, Saint Charles - St. Charles Borromeo -- Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal-Priest of the Title of St. Prassede, ...
Borromeo, Society of Saint Charles - (Borro-Mäusverein). A German Catholic association for the encouragement and diffusion ...
Borromini, Francesco - Architect and sculptor ; born 25 September, 1599, at Bissone; died ( by his own hand ) 1 ...
Borrus, Christopher - (Borri, Burrus) Missionary, mathematician, and astronomer, born at Milan in 1583; died at ...
Bosa, Diocese of - In the province of Cagliari, The city numbers about 35,000 inhabitants. St. Gregory the Great, ...
Bosch, Peter van der - Bollandist, born at Brussels, 19 October, 1686; died 14 November, 1736. After studying the ...
Bosco, Saint Giovanni (John) - ( Or St. John Bosco; Don Bosco.) Founder of the Salesian Society. Born of poor parents in ...
Boscovich, Ruggiero Giuseppe - A Dalmatian Jesuit and well-known mathematician, astronomer, and natural philosopher, b. at ...
Bosio, Antonio - Known as "The Columbus of the Catacombs ", b. in the island of Malta about the year 1576; d. ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnia and Herzegovina form the north-western corner of the Balkan Peninsula. Taking the two ...
Boso - First Bishop of Merseburg, in the present Prussian Province of Saxony, and Apostle of the ...
Boso (Breakspear) - Third English Cardinal, date of birth uncertain, d. at Rome, about 1181. He was a Benedictine ...
Bossu, Jacques le - French theologian and Doctor of the Sorbonne, born at Paris 1546; died at Rome 1626. He ...
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne - A celebrated French bishop and pulpit orator, born at Dijon, 27 September, 1627, died at ...
Boste, Saint John - (Or JOHN BOAST.) Priest and martyr, b. of good Catholic family at Dufton, in Westmoreland, ...
Boston - Archdiocese ; comprises Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk, Norfolk, and Plymouth counties in the State ...
Bostra - Titular see of Syria. Bostra, "The fortress", is neither Bosor of Reuben and Moab ( ...
Bothrys - A titular see situated in Phoenicia. Bothrys is the Greek name of a city founded by Ithobaal, ...
Botticelli, Sandro - A famous Florentine painter. Born at Florence about 1447; died in the same city, 1510. ...
Botulph, Saint - (Or BOTOLPH.) Abbot, date of birth unknown; died c. 680. St. Botulph, the saint whose name ...
Boturini Benaducci, Lorenzo - A native of Milan in Lombardy who went to Mexico in 1736 by permission of the Spanish ...
Boucher, Pierre - Born at Lagny, a village near Mortagne in the Perche, France, 1622, died at Boucherville, 1717. ...
Bougaud, Louis-Victor-Emile - Bishop of Laval in France, b. at Dijon, 28 February 1823, d. at Laval 7 November, 1888. He ...
Bougeant, Guillaume-Hyacinthe - Born at Quimper in Brittany, in 1690; died at Paris, 1743. He entered the Society of Jesus ...
Bouhours, Dominique - French Jesuit author, born at Paris, 15 May, 1632; died 27 May, 1702. Entering the Society of ...
Bouillart, Jacques - A Benedictine monk of the Congregation of St.-Maur, b. in the Diocese of Chartres, 1669; ...
Bouillon, Cardinal de - (Emmanuel Thédore de la Tour d'Auvergne) French prelate and diplomat, b. 24 August, 1643, ...
Bouix, Marie Dominique - One of the best known and most distinguished of modern French canonists, b. 15 May, 1808, at ...
Boulainvilliers, Henri, Count of - Born at Saint-Saire (Seine-Inférieure) France, 11 October, 1658; died at Paris, 23 ...
Boulanger, André de - (PETIT-PÈRE ANDRÉ). A French monk and preacher, b. at Paris in 1578; d. 27 ...
Boulay, César-Egasse du - (BULÆUS). A French historian, b. in the beginning of the seventeenth century at ...
Boulogne, Etienne-Antoine - French bishop, b. at Avignon, 26 December 1747; d. at Troyes, 13 March, 1825. He was the son of ...
Bouquet, Martin - A learned Benedictine of the Congregation of St.-Maur, b. at Amiens, France, 6 August, 1685; ...
Bouquillon, Thomas - Born at Warneton, Belgium, 16 May, 1840; died at Brussels, 5 November, 1902; a Belgian ...
Bourassé, Jean-Jacques - Archæologist and historian, b. at Ste.-Maure (Indre-et-Loire), France, 22 December, 1813; ...
Bourchier, Thomas - Born 1406; died 1486, Cardinal, was the third son of William Bourchier, Earl of Eu, and of Lady ...
Bourdaloue, Louis - Born at Bourges, 20 August, 1632; died at Paris, 13 May, 1704. He is often described as the ...
Bourdeilles, Hélie de - Archbishop of Tours and Cardinal, b., probably, towards 1423, at the castle of Bourdeilles ...
Bourdon, Jean - Born at Rouen, France, 1612; died at Quebec, 1668. In 1634 he went to Canada and became the ...
Bourgade, François - A French missionary and philosopher, b. 7 July, 1806, at Gaujan, department of Gers; d. 21 May, ...
Bourges - ARCHDIOCESE OF BOURGES (BITURICÆ). Coextensive with the departments of Cher and Indre. ...
Bourget, Ignace - First Bishop of Montreal, P.Q., Canada, and titular Archbishop of Martianopolis, b. at Point ...
Bourgoing, François - Third Superior general of the Congregation of the Oratory in France and one of the early ...
Bourke, Ulick Joseph - Irish scholar and writer, b. 29 Dec., 1829, at Castlebar, Co. Mayo ; d. there, 22 Nov., 1887; ...
Bourne, Gilbert - Last Catholic Bishop of Bath and Wells , England, son of Philip Bourne of Worcestershire, ...
Bouvens, Charles de - French pulpit orator, b. at Bourg in 1750; d. in 1830. At an early age he embraced the ...
Bouvet, Joachim - Jesuit missionary, born at Le Mans, France (date unknown), died at Peking, China, 28 June, 1732. ...
Bouvier, Jean-Baptiste - Bishop of Le Mans, theologian, b. At St. Charles-la-Forêt, Mayenne, 16 January, 1783; d. ...
Bouvier, Jeanne-Marie, de La Motte-Guyon - A celebrated French mystic of the seventeenth century; born at Montargis, in the Orléanais, ...
Bova - DIOCESE OF BOVA. Situated in the civil province of Reggio, in Calabria, Italy, suffragan to ...
Bovino - Diocese in the province of Foggia, Italy, suffragan to the Archdiocese of Benevento. The city, ...
Bowyer, Sir George - Baronet, an eminent English writer on jurisprudence, as well as a prominent defender of the Holy ...
Boy-Bishop - The custom of electing a boy-bishop on the feast of St. Nicholas dates from very early ...
Boyce, John - Novelist, lecturer, and priest, well known under the assumed name of "Paul Peppergrass", born in ...
Boycotting - The name of boycotting was first aplied to a practice which had its origin in Ireland during the ...
Boyle Abbey - A celebrated Cistercian house situated on the River Boyle, nine miles northwest of Elphin, in ...
Brébeuf, Jean de - Jesuit missionary, born at Condé-sur-Vire in Normandy, 25 March, 1593; died in Canada, ...
Bréhal, Jean - A French Dominican theologian of the convent of Evreux ; died c. 1479. He was made Doctor of ...
Brück, Heinrich - Ecclesiastical historian and bishop, born at Bingen, 25 October, 1831; died 4 November, 1903. He ...
Brünn - Suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Olmutz, embracing the south-western part of Moravia, an ...
Bracken, Thomas - Poet, journalist, politician, b. in Ireland 21 December, 1843; d. at Dunedin, New Zealand , 16 ...
Bracton, Henry de - Also called HENRY OF BRACTON. A famous English juridical writer, the Blackstone of the ...
Bradley, Denis Mary - First Bishop of Manchester, New Hampshire , U.S.A. b. 25 February, 1846, at Castle-island, ...
Bradshaigh, Edward - An English Carmelite friar known in religion as Elias à Jesu; b. in Lancashire, ...
Bradshaw, Henry - English Benedictine and poet, b. in the City of Chester, England, date unknown; d. 1513. From ...
Brady, William Maziere - Ecclesiastical writer, b. in Dublin, 8 January, 1825; d. in Rome, 19 March, 1894. He was nephew ...
Braga, Archdiocese of - (Bracara Augusta, Civitas Bracarensis). Braga is situated in a flat fertile tract of land ...
Braga, Councils of - Many councils were held in Braga, some of them important. The authenticity of the so-called ...
Bragança-Miranda, Diocese of - (Brigantiensis.) This diocese is situated in the northeastern part of the Kingdom of ...
Brahminism - By Brahminism is meant the complex religion and social system which grew out of the ...
Braille, Louis - French educator and inventor, born 4 January 1809, at Coupvray, Seine-et-Marne, France ; died 6 ...
Bralion, Nicolas de - French Oratorian and ecclesiastical writer, born at Chars-en-Vexin, France, c. 1600; died at ...
Bramante, Donato - (Also called D 'A GNOLO after his father Angelo) Italian architect and painter, b. about ...
Brancaccio - An ancient and illustrious Neapolitan family, from which the "Brancas" of France were descended. ...
Brancati di Lauria, Francesco Lorenzo - Cardinal, Minor conventual, and theologian, b. at Lauria in the then Kingdom of Naples, 10 ...
Brancati, Francesco - Born in Sicily in 1607; he entered the Society of Jesus in 1624 and went to the Chinese ...
Branch Sunday - One of the medieval English names for Palm Sunday. The difficulty of procuring palms for that ...
Brandenburg - Formerly an electoral principality (the Mark of Brandenburg), and a diocese in the heart of the ...
Branly, Edouard - French physicist and inventor of the coherer employed in wireless telegraphy, born at Amiens, 23 ...
Brantôme, Seigneur de Bourdeille, Pierre de - One of the most famous of French writers of memoirs, b. in 1539, or a little later; d. 15 July, ...
Brant, Sebastian - A German humanist and poet, born at Stasburg in 1457 or 1458; died at the same place, 1521. He ...
Brasses, Memorial - Just when memorial brasses first came into use is not known; the earliest existing dated ...
Brasseur de Bourbourg, Charles Etienne, Abbé - Born at Bourbourg (Département du Nord), France, 1814; died at Nice in January, 1874. He ...
Brassicanus, Johann Alexander - A German humanist, born probably at Cannstatt, 1500; died at Vienna, 25 November, 1539. He was ...
Brassicanus, Johann Ludwig - Younger brother of Johann Alexander (b. at Tübingen, 1509; d. at Vienna, 3 June, 1549) went ...
Braulio, Saint - Bishop of Saragossa, date of birth unknown, d. at Saragossa c. 651. In 631 he succeeded his ...
Braun, Placidus - A Bavarian historian, b. at Peiting near Schongau in Upper Bavaria, 11 February, 1756; d. at ...
Braunschweig - A duchy situated in the mountainous central part of Northern Germany, comprising the region of the ...
Bravo, Francisco - As far as known, author of the first book on medicine printed in America. His "Opera Medicinalia ...
Brazil - (T HE U NITED S TATES OF B RAZIL ) A vast republic of central South America covering an ...
Bread, Liturgical Use of - In the Christian liturgy bread is used principally as one of the elements of the Eucharistic ...
Breadboxes, Altar - These are made of wood, tin, britannia, silver, or other metal. In order that the breads may not ...
Breads, Altar - Bread is one of the two elements absolutely necessary for the sacrifice of the Eucharist. It ...
Breast, Striking of the - Striking of the breast as a liturgical act is prescribed in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass ...
Breda - (BREDANA) Diocese situated in the Dutch province of Brabant and suffragan of Utrecht. The ...
Brehon Laws, The - Brehon law is the usual term for Irish native law, as administered in Ireland down to almost ...
Bremen - Formerly the seat of an archdiocese situated in the north-western part of the present German ...
Brenach, Saint - An Irish missionary in Wales, a contemporary of St. Patrick, and among the earliest of the ...
Brenan, Michael John - An ecclesiastical historian, born in Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1780; died at Dublin, February, ...
Brendan, Saint - St. Brendan of Ardfert and Clonfert, known also as Brendan the Voyager, was born in Ciarraighe ...
Brentano, Klemens Maria - A German poet, one of the most prominent members of the Romantic School. He was born at ...
Brescia - The Diocese of Brescia takes its name from the principal city in the province of the same name in ...
Breslau - Prince-Bishopric seated at Breslau, on the River Oder in the Prussian Province of Silesia. ...
Bressani, Francesco Giuseppe - An Indian missionary, born in Rome, 6 May, 1612; died at Florence, 9 September, 1672. He entered ...
Brest, Union of - Brest -- in Russian, Brest-Litovski; in Polish, Brzesc; in the old chronicles, called Brestii, or ...
Brethren of the Lord, The - A group of persons closely connected with the Saviour appears repeatedly in the New ...
Breton, Raymond - A noted French missionary among the Caribbean Indians, b. at Baune, 3 September, 1609; d. at Caen, ...
Bretton, Venerable John - (Or Bretton). A layman and martyr, of all ancient family of Bretton near Barnsley in ...
Breviary - This subject may be divided, for convenience of treatment, as follows: I. DEFINITION; II. ...
Breviary, Aberdeen - This breviary may be described as the Sarum Office in a Scottish form. The use of the ancient ...
Breviary, Reform of the Roman - By the Apostolic Constitution "Divino Afflatu" of Pius X (1 November, 1911), a change was made ...
Brewer, Heinrich - A German historian, born at Puffendorf in Germany, 6 September, 1640; died at the same place ...
Briçonnet - (1) Guillaume Briçonnet A French cardinal, b. at Tours, date of birth unknown; d. at ...
Briand, Joseph Olivier - Seventh Bishop of Quebec, b. in 1715 at Plérin, Brittany; d. 25 June, 1794. He studied ...
Briant, Saint Alexander - English Jesuit and martyr, born in Somersetshire of a yeoman family about 1556; executed at ...
Bribery - The payment or the promise of money or other lucrative consideration to induce another, while ...
Bridaine, Jacques - Preacher, b. at Chusclan, France, 21 March, 1701; d. at Roquemaure, 22 December, 1767. Having ...
Bridge-Building Brotherhood, The - During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, we hear of the existence of various religious ...
Bridget of Sweden, Saint - (Also Birgitta). The most celebrated saint of the Northern kingdoms, born about 1303; died 23 ...
Bridgett, Thomas Edward - Priest and author, b. at Derby, England, 20 January, 1829, of Protestant parents ; d. at St. ...
Bridgewater Treatises - These publications derive their origin and their title from the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, eighth ...
Bridgewater, John - Known also as AQUAPONTANUS, historian of the Catholic Confessors under Queen Elizabeth, b. in ...
Briefs and Bulls - A bulla was originally a circular plate or boss of metal, so called from its resemblance in ...
Brieuc, Saint - (Briocus, Brioc, or Bru). A Celtic saint of Brittany who received his education in Ireland ...
Brigid of Ireland, Saint - (Incorrectly known as BRIDGET). Born in 451 or 452 of princely ancestors at Faughart, near ...
Brigidines, Institute of the - (SISTERS OF ST. BRIGID.) The Institute of the Brigidines was established by Most Rev. Dr. ...
Brigittines - The Brigittine Order (also, ORDER OF ST. SAVIOUR) was founded in 1346 by St. Brigit, or Bridget, ...
Brignon, John - Born at St. Malo in 1629; died at Paris, 12 June, 1712. He was a member of the Society of Jesus ...
Bril, Paulus - A brilliant Flemish painter and engraver, born at Antwerp, 1556; died in Rome, 7 October, 1626. ...
Brillmacher, Peter Michael - Born at Cologne in 1542, died at Mainz, 25 August, 1595. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1558, ...
Brindholm, Ven. Edmund - (Or B RYNDEHOLME .) Martyr and parish priest of Our Lady's Church at Calais, accused of ...
Brindisi - Brindisi—called by the Romans Brundusium or Brundisium , by the Greeks Brentesion ...
Brinkley, Stephen - Confessor of the Faith, imprisoned and tortured as manager of a secret press for the ...
Brisacier, Jacques-Charles de - Orator and ecclesiastical writer, b. at Bourges in 1641, d. at Paris, 23 March, 1736. At the ...
Brisacier, Jean de - Controversialist, b. at Blois, France, 9 June, 1592; entered the Society of Jesus in 1619, d. at ...
Brisbane - Comprises that part of the State of Queensland, Australia, which lies south of the 24th parallel ...
Brischar, Johann Nepomucene - Church historian, born at Horb in Würtemberg in 1819, studied theology at the University ...
Bristol, Ancient Diocese of - (BRISTOLIA, BRISTOLIENSIS). This English diocese, which takes its very origin from measures ...
Bristow, Richard - Born at Worcester, 1538, died at Harrow-on-the-Hill, 1581. He went to the University of Oxford ...
British Columbia - British Columbia is the westernmost province of the Dominion of Canada. Territorially, it is also ...
Britius, Francis - An orientalist, and a monk of Rennes in Brittany; date of birth and death unknown. He entered ...
Brittain, Thomas Lewis - Born near Chester, England, 1744; died at Hartpury Court, 1827. His parents were Protestants, ...
Britto, Blessed John de - Martyr ; born in Lisbon, 1 March, 1647, and was brought up in court; martyred in India 11 ...
Britton, Venerable John - (Or Bretton). A layman and martyr, of all ancient family of Bretton near Barnsley in ...
Brixen - A Prince-Bishopric of Austria, suffragan of Salzburg, embracing the greater part of Northern ...
Brogan, Saint - Flourished in the sixth or seventh century. Several persons in repute for holiness seem to have ...
Broglie, Auguste-Théodore-Paul de - Abbé, professor of apologetics at the Institut Catholique at Paris, and writer on ...
Broglie, Jacques-Victor-Albert, Duc de - French statesman and historian, b. at Paris, 13 June, 1821; d. there 19 January, 1901. After a ...
Broglie, Maurice-Jean de - Born in Paris, 5 September, 1766; d. there, 20 June, 1821. He was the son of the Field-Marshal, ...
Brogny, Jean-Allarmet de - (Or JEAN-ALOUZIER). A French Cardinal, b. in 1342 at Brogny, in Savoy ; d. at Rome, 1426. ...
Bromyard, John - Theologian, d. about 1390. He takes his name from his birthplace in Herefordshire, England. He ...
Brondel, John Baptist - First Bishop of Helena, Montana, U.S.A. b. at Bruges, Belgium, 23 February, 1842; d. at ...
Brookby, Anthony - ( Or Brorbey). Friar Minor and English martyr, died 19 July 1537. Brookby was lecturer in ...
Brookes, James - Last Catholic Bishop of Gloucester, England, b. May, 1512, in Hampshire, d. 1560. Proceeding to ...
Brooklyn - Comprises the counties of Kings, Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk, or all of Long Island, in the State ...
Brosse, Jean-Baptiste de la - A Jesuit missionary, born 1724 at Magnac, Angoumois, France ; died 1782. He studied classics ...
Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God - St. John of God, the founder of this religious institution, was born 8 March, 1495, at Montemor ...
Broughton, Richard - ( alias Rouse) Born about 1558 at Great Stukeley, Huntingdonshire; died according to ...
Brouwer, Christoph - (Browerius). Historian, born 12 March, 1559, at Arnheim, Holland ; died in 1617, at Trier, ...
Brown, William - A naval officer of the Republic of Argentina, b. 1777, in the County Mayo, Ireland ; d. 3 May, ...
Browne, Charles Farrar - (ARTEMUS WARD). Humorist, b. at Waterford, Oxford County, Maine, U.S.A. 26 April, 1834; d. ...
Brownson, Orestes Augustus - Philosopher, essayist, reviewer, b. at Stockbridge, Vermont, U.S.A., 16 September, 1803; d. at ...
Brownson, Sarah - Daughter of Orestes A. Brownson, b. at Chelsea, Massachusetts, 7 June, 1839; married William ...
Brownsville - Vicariate Apostolic, erected 1874. Previous to this date the entire State of Texas was under ...
Bru, Saint - (Briocus, Brioc, or Bru). A Celtic saint of Brittany who received his education in Ireland ...
Bruel, Joachim - (Brulius). A theologian and historian, born early in the seventeenth century at Vorst, a ...
Brueys, David-Augustin de - A French theologian and dramatic author, born at Aix in 1640; died 25 November, 1723, at ...
Brugère, Louis-Frédéric - Professor of apologetics and church history, born at Orléans, 8 October 1823; died at ...
Bruges - The chief town of the Province of West Flanders in the Kingdom of Belgium. Pope Nicholas I in ...
Brugière, Pierre - A French priest, Jansenist, and Juror, born at Thiers, 3 October, 1730; died at Paris, 7 ...
Brugman, John - A renowned Franciscan preacher of the fifteenth century, b. at Kempen in the Diocese of Cologne, ...
Brumidi, Constantino - An Italian-American historical painter, celebrated for his fresco work in the Capitol at ...
Brumoy, Pierre - Born at Rouen in Normandy, 1688; entered the Society of Jesus in 1704; died in Paris, 1742. ...
Brunellesco, Filippo - (Or Brunelleschi) An architect and sculptor, born at Florence, 1377; died there 16 April, ...
Brunetière, Ferdinand - A French critic and professor, born at Toulon, 19 July, 1849; died at Paris, 9 December, 1906. ...
Brunforte, Ugolino - Friar Minor and chronicler, born c. 1262; died c. 1348. His father Rinaldo, Lord of Sarnano in the ...
Bruni, Leonardo - An eminent Italian humanist, b. of poor and humble parents at Arezzo, the birthplace of ...
Brunner, Francis de Sales - The founder of the Swiss-American congregation of the Benedictines, b. 10 January, 1795, at ...
Brunner, Sebastian - A versatile and voluminous writer, b. in Vienna, 10 December, 1814; d. there, 27 November, 1893. ...
Bruno of Querfurt, Saint - (Also called BRUN and BONIFACE). Second Apostle of the Prussians and martyr, born about ...
Bruno the Saxon - (SAXONICUS.) A German chronicler of the eleventh Century and author of the "Historia de Bello ...
Bruno, Giordano - Italian philosopher, b. at Nola in Campania, in the Kingdom of Naples, in 1548; d. at Rome, ...
Bruno, Saint - Bishop of Segni, in Italy, born at Solero, Piedmont, about 1048; died 1123. He received his ...
Bruno, Saint - Confessor, ecclesiastical writer, and founder of the Carthusian Order. He was born at Cologne ...
Brunswick - A duchy situated in the mountainous central part of Northern Germany, comprising the region of the ...
Brus, Anton - Archbishop of Prague, b. at. Muglitz in Moravia, 13 February, 1518; d. 28 August, 1580. After ...
Brusa - A titular see of Bithynia in Asia Minor. According to Strabo, XII, iv, the city was founded by ...
Brussels - (From Bruk Sel , marsh-castle; Flemish Brussel , German Brussel , French Bruxelles ). ...
Bruté de Rémur, Simon William Gabriel - First Bishop of Vincennes, Indiana, U.S.A. (now Indianapolis ), b. at Rennes, France, 20 March ...
Bruyas, Jacques - Born at Lyons, France, 13 July, 1635; died at Sault St. Louis, Canada, 15 June 1712. He ...
Bryant, John Delavau - Physician, poet, author, and editor, b. in Philadelphia, U.S.A. 1811; d. 1877. He was the son of ...
Bubastis - A titular see of Lower Egypt, on the right bank of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, near the ...
Bucelin, Gabriel - (Buzlin). A Benedictine historical writer, born at Diessenhofen in Thurgau, 29 December, ...
Bucer, Martin - (Also called BUTZER.) One of the leaders in the South German Reformation movement, b. 11 ...
Bucharest - (B UCHAREST ; B UCARESTIENSIS ; Rumanian, B UCHARESCI "City of enjoyment") Comprises the ...
Buck, Victor De - Bollandist, born at Oudenarde, Flanders, 21 April, 1817; died 28 June, 1876. His family was one ...
Buckfast Abbey - The date of the foundation of the monastery of Our Lady of Buckfast, two miles from ...
Buckley, Sir Patrick Alphonsus - A soldier, lawyer, stateman, judge, born near Castletownsend, County Cork, Ireland, in 1841; died ...
Buckley, Venerable John - ( Alias John Jones; alias John Griffith; in religion, Godfrey Maurice). Priest and martyr, ...
Budé, Guillaume - (Budaeus). A French Hellenist, born at Paris, 1467; died there 22 August, 1540. He studied at ...
Buddhism - The religious, monastic system, founded c. 500 B.C. on the basis of pantheistic Brahminism. The ...
Budweis - (Czech, BUDEJOVICE; Latin BUDOVICIUM; BOHEMO-BUDVICENSIS). A diocese situated in Southern ...
Buenos Aires - The federal capital of the Argentine Republic , and the second city of the Latin races in the ...
Buffalo - Diocese established 23 April, 1847, now comprises the counties of Erie, Niagara, Genesee, ...
Buffier, Claude - A philosopher, and author, born in Poland, of French parents, 25 May, 1661; died in Paris, 17 ...
Buglio, Louis - A celebrated missionary in China, mathematician, and theologian, born at Mineo, Sicily, 26 ...
Buil, Bernardo - (Also Boil or Boyal.) A Friar Minor. The fact that there were two religious of the name of ...
Buildings, Ecclesiastical - This term comprehends all constructions erected for the celebration of liturgical acts, whatever ...
Bukarest - (B UCHAREST ; B UCARESTIENSIS ; Rumanian, B UCHARESCI "City of enjoyment") Comprises the ...
Bulgaria - A European kingdom in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, bounded by the Black Sea, ...
Bull-Fight, The Spanish - Overview Neither the English term nor the German ( Stiergefecht ) used to designate this ...
Bulla Aurea - (Golden Bull ). A fundamental law of the Holy Roman Empire; probably the best known of all ...
Bullaker, Ven. Thomas - ( Also John Baptist). A Friar Minor and English martyr, born at Chichester about the ...
Bullarium - Bullarium is a term commonly applied to a collection of bulls and other analogous papal ...
Bullion, Angélique - Born in Paris, at commencement of the seventeenth century, her parents being Guichard Favre and ...
Bulls and Briefs - A bulla was originally a circular plate or boss of metal, so called from its resemblance in ...
Bulstrode, Sir Richard - A soldier, diplomatist, and author, born 1610; died 1711, was the second son of Edward Bulstrode ...
Bunderius, Joannes - (VAN DEN BUNDERE). A Flemish theologian and controversialist, born of distinguished parents ...
Buonarroti, Michelangelo - Italian sculptor, painter, and architect, b. at Caprese in the valley of the upper Arno, 6 March, ...
Burchard of Basle - (Also of HASENBURG or ASUEL, from his ancestral castle in Western Berne, Switzerland ). ...
Burchard of Würzurg, Saint - First bishop of Würzurg, b. in England of Anglo-Saxon parents, date unknown; d. in ...
Burchard of Worms - Bishop of that see, b. of noble parents in Hesse, Germany, after the middle of the tenth ...
Burckmair, Hans - (Or Burgkmair). A painter of the Swabian school, b. at Augsburg in 1473; d. in 1531. He was ...
Burgis, Edward Ambrose - A Dominican historian and theologian, b. in England c. 1673; d. in Brussels, 27 April, 1747. ...
Burgoa, Francisco - Born at Oaxaca about 1600; d. at Teopozotlan in 1681. He entered the Dominican Order 2 August, ...
Burgos - (B URGENSIS ) The Archdiocese of Burgos (from burgi, burgorum , signifying a ...
Burgundy - (Latin Burgundia , German Burgund , French Bourgogne ). In medieval times ...
Burial, Christian - The interment of a deceased person with ecclesiastical rites in consecrated ground. The Jews ...
Buridan, Jean - French scholastic philosopher of the fourteenth century, b. at Béthune, in the district of ...
Burigny, Jean Lévesque de - Historian, b. at Reims, 1692; d. at Paris, 1785. In 1713, with his brothers, Champeaux and ...
Burkard, Franz - The name of two celebrated German jurists. One died suddenly at Rain, 9 December 1539. He began to ...
Burke, Edmund - First Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia, b. in the parish of Maryborough, County Kildare, Ireland, ...
Burke, Thomas - (THOMAS DE BURGO) Bishop of Ossory, b. at Dublin, Ireland, about 1709; d. at Kilkenny, 25 ...
Burke, Thomas Nicholas - A celebrated Dominican orator, b. 8 September, 1830, in Galway ; d. 2 July, 1882, at ...
Burleigh, Walter - (Also: Walter Burley; Burlæus). Friar Minor and medieval philosopher, b. in 1275 and d. in ...
Burlington - (Burlingtonensis). Diocese established 14 July, 1853; comprises the whole State of Vermont , ...
Burma - Before its annexation by the British Burma consisted of the kingdoms of Ava and Pegu. In 1548 St. ...
Burnett, Peter Hardeman - First American Governor of California, U.S.A. b. in Nashville, Tennessee, 15 Nov., 1807, of ...
Burns, James - Publisher and author, b. near Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, 1808; d. in London, 11 April, ...
Burse - ( Bursa , "hide", "skin"; whence "bag" or "purse"). A receptacle in which, for reasons of ...
Bursfeld, The Abbey of - In the Middle Ages on of the most celebrated Benedictine monasteries in Germany was the ...
Bury St. Edmund's, The Abbey of - The first religious foundation there was established by Sigebert, King of the East Angles, who ...
Busée, Pierre - (Busæus or Buys). A Jesuit theologian, born at Nimwegen in 1540; died at Vienna in ...
Bus, Venerable César de - A priest and founder of two religious congregations, b. 3 February, 1544, at Cavaillon, Comtat ...
Busembaum, Hermann - Moral theologian, born at Notteln, Westphalia, 1600; died at Münster, 31 January, 1668. He ...
Busiris - A titular see taking its title from one of the many Egyptian cities of the same name. This ...
Buskins - (Caligæ). Ceremonial stockings of silk, sometimes interwoven with gold threads, and even ...
Buss, Franz Joseph, Ritter von - Jurist, b. 23 March, 1803 at Zell in Baden ; d. 31 January, 1878, at Freiburg im Breisgau. He ...
Bustamante, Carlos María - Mexican statesman and historian, b. at Oaxaca, Mexico, 4 November, 1774; d. in Mexico, 29 ...
Buston, Thomas Stephen - (or Busten) A Jesuit missionary and author, born 1549, in the Diocese of Salisbury , ...
Bute, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, Third Marquess of - Born at Mountstuart, Bute, 12 September, 1847; d. at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, 9 October, 1900, ...
Buteux, Jacques - French missionary in Canada. Born at Abbeville, in Picardy, 11 April, 1600; slain by the ...
Butler, Alban - Historian, b. 10 October, 1710, at Appletree, Northamptonshire, England ; d. at St-Omer, ...
Butler, Charles - One of the most prominent figures among the English Catholics of his day, b. in London, 1750, d. ...
Butler, Mary Joseph - First Irish Abbess of the Irish Benedictine Abbey of Our Lady of Grace, at Ypres, Flanders, ...
Butler, Sir William Francis - Born at Suirville, Co. Tipperary, Ireland, 31 October, 1838; died 7 June, 1910, was the son of ...
Buttress - A pilaster, pier, or body of masonry projecting beyond the main face of the wall and intended to ...
Buxton, Ven. Chrisopher - Priest and martyr, b. in Derbyshire; d. at Canterbury, 1 October, 1588. He was a scholar of ...
Byblos - A titular see of Phoenicia. Byblos is the Greek name of Gebal "The Mountain", one of the oldest ...
Bye-Altar - An altar that is subordinate to the central or high altar. The term is generally applied to ...
Byllis - A titular see of Epirus Nova (Albania), whose title is often added to that of Apollonia among ...
Byrd, William - English composer, born in London in 1542 or 1543; died 4 July, 1623. He was the son of a ...
Byrne, Andrew - Bishop of Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.A. b. at Navan, Co. Meath, Ireland, 5 December, 1802; ...
Byrne, Richard - Brevet brigadier general, United States Army, b. in Co. Cavan, Ireland, 1832; d. at Washington, ...
Byrne, William - Missionary and educator, born in County Wicklow, Ireland, in 1780; died at Bardstown, Kentucky, ...
Byzantine Architecture - A mixed style, i.e. a style composed of Graeco-Roman and Oriental elements which, in earlier ...
Byzantine Art - The art of the Eastern Roman Empire and of its capital Byzantium, or Constantinople. The term ...
Byzantine Empire, The - The ancient Roman Empire having been divided into two parts, an Eastern and a Western, the Eastern ...
Byzantine Literature - To grasp correctly the essential characteristics of Byzantine literature, it is necessary first ...
Byzantine Rite - ( Also BYZANTINE RITE.) The Liturgies, Divine Office, forms for the administration of ...

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