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Volume C in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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1,288 C entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Cámara y Castro, Tomás - Bishop of Salamanca, Spain, born at Torrecilla de Cameros, Logroño, 19 September, 1847; ...
Cædmon, Saint - Author of Biblical Poems in Anglo-Saxon, date of birth unknown; died between 670 and 680. While ...
Cæremoniale Episcoporum - A book containing the rites and ceremonies to be observed at Mass, Vespers, and other ...
Cærularius, Michael - ( Keroulários ). Patriarch of Constantinople (1043-58), author of the second and ...
Cæsar of Speyer - Friar Minor, firstminister provincial of the order in Germany, and leader of the Caesarines, born ...
Cæsarea - A Latin titular see, and the seat of a residential Armenian bishopric, in Cappadocia ( Asia ...
Cæsarea Mauretaniæ - A titular see of North Africa. There was on the coast of Mauretania a town called Iol, where the ...
Cæsarea Palestinæ - (Caesarea Maritima.) A titular see of Palestine. In Greek antiquity the city was called Pyrgos ...
Cæsarea Philippi - A Greek Catholic residential see, and a Latin titular see, in Syria. The native name is ...
Cæsarius of Arles, Saint - Bishop, administrator, preacher, theologian, born at Châlons in Burgundy, 470-71, died at ...
Cæsarius of Heisterbach - A pious and learned monk of the Cistercian monastery of Heisterbach near Bonn, born about ...
Cæsarius of Nazianzus - Physician, younger and only brother of Gregory of Nazianzus, born probably c. 330 at Arianzus, ...
Cæsarius of Prüm - Abbot of the Benedictine monastery, near Trier, afterwards a Cistercian monk at Heisterbach ...
Cæsaropolis - A titular see of Macedonia, the early name and the site of which have not yet been identified. ...
Cîteaux, Abbey of - Founded in 1098 by St. Robert, Abbot of Molesme, in a deserted and uninhabited part of the ...
Caballero y Ocio, Juan - Born at Querétaro, Mexico, 4 May, 1644; died there 11 April, 1707. A priest remarkable ...
Caballero, Fernán de - Nom de plume of Cecilia Böhl von Faber, a noted Spanish novelist; born at Morges, a small ...
Caballero, Raimundo Diosdado - Miscellaneous writer, chiefly ecclesiastical, born at Palma, in the island of Majorca, 19 June ...
Cabas - A titular see of Egypt. About seven and one-half miles north of Sais (ruins at Ssa el-Haggar) ...
Cabassut - (CABASSUTIUS.) French theologian and priest of the Oratory, born at Aix in 1604, died ...
Cabello de Balboa, Miguel - A secular priest, born at Archidona in Spain, dates of birth and death unknown. In 1566 he ...
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez - Born at Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain ; dates of birth and death uncertain. The ...
Cabot, John & Sebastian - John Cabot (Giovanni Cabota of Gabota.) A celebrated navigator and the discoverer of the ...
Cabral, Francisco - Portuguese missionary in Japan, born in the castle of Govillou, Diocese of Guarda, Portugal, ...
Cabral, Pedralvarez - (Pedro Alvarez.) A celebrated Portuguese navigator, generally called the discoverer of ...
Cabrillo, Estévan - A Portuguese in the naval service of Spain, date and place of birth unknown; died on the ...
Cadalous - Bishop of Parma and antipope, born in the territory of Verona of noble parentage; died at ...
Caddo Indians - An important group of closely cognate and usually allied tribes formerly holding a considerable ...
Cades - The name, according to the Vulgate and the Septuagint, of three, or probably four cities ...
Cadillac, Antoine de Lamothe, Sieur de - Born at Toulouse in 1657; died at Castelsarrasin, 16 October, 1730. He was the son of a ...
Cadiz, Diocese of - (Gaditana et Septensis.) Suffragan of Seville. Its jurisdiction covers nearly all the civil ...
Cadwallador, Venerable Roger - English martyr, b. at Stretton Sugwas, near Hereford, in 1568; executed at Leominster, 27 Aug., ...
Caen, University of - Founded in 1432 by Henry VI of England, who was then master of Paris and of a large part of ...
Cagli e Pergola, Diocese of - (Calliensis Et Pergulensis) Situated in Umbria ( Italy ), in the province of Pesaro, ...
Cagliari, Archdiocese of - (Calaritana) Cagliari, called by the ancient Caralis , is the principal city and capital of ...
Cahier, Charles - Antiquarian, born at Paris, 26 February, 1807; died there 26 February, 1882. He made his ...
Cahill, Daniel William - Lecturer and controversialist, born at Ashfield, Queens County, Ireland 28 November, 1796; died at ...
Cahors, Diocese of - (Cadurcensis.) Comprising the entire department of Lot, in France. In the beginning it was a ...
Caiaphas - According to Josephus (Antiquitates, XVIII, iv, 3), Caiphas was appointed High-Priest of the ...
Caiazzo, Diocese of - (Caiacensis.) Situated in the province of Caserta, Italy, amid the mountains of Tifati near ...
Caillau, Armand-Benjamin - Priest and writer, born at Paris, 22 October, 1794, died there, 1850. Ordained in 1818, ...
Cain - The first-born of Adam and Eve. His name is derived, according to Genesis 4:1, from the root ...
Cainites - A name used for (1) the descendants of Cain, (2) a sect of Gnostics and Antinomians. (1) ...
Caiphas - According to Josephus (Antiquitates, XVIII, iv, 3), Caiphas was appointed High-Priest of the ...
Caius - A Christian author who lived about the beginning of the third century. Little is known about his ...
Caius and Soter, Saints - They have their feast together on 22 April, on which day they appear in most of the ...
Caius, John - ( Also Kay, Key.) Physician and scholar, born at Norwich, 6 October, 1510; died at London, ...
Cajetan, Constantino - A Benedictine savant, born at Syracuse, Sicily, in 1560; died at Rome, 17 September, 1650. ...
Cajetan, Saint - (GAETANO.) Founder of the Theatines, born October, 1480 at Vicenza in Venetian territory; ...
Cajetan, Tommaso de Vio Gaetani - ( Baptized GIACOMO.) Dominican cardinal, philosopher, theologian, and exegete ; born 20 ...
Calabozo, Diocese of - (Calaboso) Calabozo is a town in the State of Miranda Actually the State of Guarico , ...
Calahorra and La Calzada, Diocese of - (Calaguritana et Calceatensis.) Suffragan of Burgos, comprising almost all the province of ...
Calama - A titular see of Africa. Calama appears to be the Roman name of Suthul, a city in Numidia, ...
Calancha, Fray Antonio de la - An erudite Augustinian monk, born 1584 at Chiquisaca (now Sucre) in Bolivia ; died 1 March, ...
Calas Case, The - Jean Calas was a French Calvinist , born 19 March, 1698, at La Caparède near Castres, in ...
Calasanctius, Saint Joseph - Called in religion "a Matre Dei", founder of the Piarists, b. 11 Sept., 1556, at the castle of ...
Calasio, Mario di - Friar Minor and lexicographer, born at Calasio in the Kingdom of Naples about 1550; died atRome, ...
Calatayud, Pedro de - Jesuit missionary, born in Navarre, 1 August, 1689; died in Bologna, 27 February, 1773. He joined ...
Calatrava, Military Order of - Founded in Castile, in the twelfth century, as a military branch of the great Cistercian ...
Calcutta - THE ECCLESIASTICAL PROVINCE OF CALCUTTA The Ecclesiastical province of Calcutta comprises ...
Caldani, Leopoldo Marco Antonio - Anatomist and physiologist, b. at Bologna, 21 Nov., 1725; d. at Padua, 20 Dec., 1813. He studied ...
Caldara, Polidoro (da Caravaggio) - An Italian painter, born at Caravaggio, 1492 (or 1495); died at Messina, 1543. He passed his ...
Caldas-Barbosa, Domingo - A Brazilian poet, born of a white father and a negro mother at Rio Janeiro in 1740; died in ...
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro - Born 1600; died 1681; a Spanish dramatist whose activity marks the second half of the golden age ...
Caleb - (1) Caleb, Son of Jephone, The Cenezite. -- The representative of the tribe of Juda among the ...
Calendar, Christian - GENERALITIES FOUNDATIONS OF THE CHRISTIAN CALENDAR The Easter Cycle The Nativity of ...
Calendar, Jewish - Days From the remotest time to the present the Israelites have computed the day ( yôm ...
Calendar, Reform of the - For the measurement of time the most important units furnished by natural phenomena are the ...
Calepino, Ambrogio - An Italian lexicographer, born about 1440 at Calepio (province of Bergamo); died 1510 or 1511. ...
Cali, Diocese of - (Caliensis). Founded in Colombia, South America, on 7 July, 1910. Cali is a city, district, ...
Caliari, Paolo - ( Also Paolo Veronese.) An eminent painter of the Venetian school ; born at Verona, 1528; ...
California - California, the largest and most important of the Pacific Coast States, is the second State of the ...
California Missions - I. LOWER CALIFORNIA California became known to the world through Hernando Cortés, the ...
California, Vicariate Apostolic of Lower - Includes the territory of that name in Mexico (Sp. Baja or Vieja California ), a peninsula ...
Callières, Louis-Hector de - Thirteenth Governor of New France ; born at Cherbourg, France, 1646; died 26 May, 1705. He was ...
Callinicus - A titular see in Asia Minor. The city was founded by Alexander the Great under the name of ...
Callipolis - A titular see of Thrace, now called Gallipoli (Turkish, Guelibolou ), is a city in the ...
Callistus I, Pope - (Written by most Latins, Augustine, Optatus, etc. CALLIXTUS or CALIXTUS). Martyr, died c. 223. ...
Callistus II, Pope - Date of birth unknown; died 13 December, 1124. His reign, beginning 1 February, 1119, is ...
Callistus III, Pope - Born near Valencia in Spain, 31 December, 1378; died at Rome, 6 August, 1458. Alfonso de Borja ...
Callot, Jacques - A French etcher, engraver, and painter, b. at Nancy, France, 1592; d. in the same city, 28 ...
Cally, Pierre - Philosopher and theologian, b. at Mesnil-Hubert, department of Orne, France, date of birth ...
Calmet, Dom Augustin - Celebrated exegetist; b. at Ménil-la-Horgne, near Commercy, Lorraine, France, 26 Feb., ...
Caloe - A titular see of Asia Minor, mentioned as Kaloe, and Keloue in inscriptions of the third ...
Caltagirone - (Calata Hieronis; Calatayeronensis). Caltagirone is a city in the province of Catania, Sicily, ...
Caltanisetta - (Calathanisium; Calathanisiadensis). The city is situated in a fertile plain of Sicily, on the ...
Calumny - ( Latin calvor , to use artifice, to deceive) Etymologically any form of ruse or fraud ...
Calvaert, Dionysius - An eminent painter, usually known as "The Fleming" and called Denis, a native of Antwerp and a ...
Calvary, Congregation of Our Lady of - A congregation founded at Poitiers, in 1617, by Antoinette of Orléans-Longueville, ...
Calvary, Mount - The place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. NAME Etymology and Use The word Calvary ( ...
Calvert, Cecilius - Second Lord Baltimore, founder of Maryland, born 1606, died 1675. At the age of thirteen, he ...
Calvert, Charles - Third Baron of Baltimore and second Proprietary Governor of Maryland. Born in London, 1629; ...
Calvert, George - First Lord Baltimore, statesman and colonizer. Born at Kiplin, Yorkshire, England, c. 1580; died ...
Calvert, Leonard - Proprietary Governor of Maryland, 1634-1647, born in England, 1607; died in Maryland, 9 June, ...
Calvert, Philip - Proprietary Governor of Maryland, 1660 to 1661, son of George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore and ...
Calvi and Teano, Diocese of - ( Calvensis et Theanensis ). The city of Calvi is the ancient Cales or Calenum in the ...
Calvin, John - This man, undoubtedly the greatest of Protestant divines, and perhaps, after St. Augustine, ...
Calvinism - No better account of this remarkable (though now largely obsolete) system has been drawn out than ...
Calvinus, Justus Baronius - A convert and apologist, b. at Kanthen, Germany, c. 1570; d. after 1606. He was born of ...
Calynda - A titular see of Asia Minor. It was probably situated at the boundary of Lycia and Caria (on ...
Camões, Luis Vaz de - (OR CAMOENS) Born in 1524 or 1525; died 10 June, 1580. The most sublime figure in the history ...
Camachus - A titular see in Armenia. This city does not appear in ecclesiastical history before the ...
Camaldolese - (C AMALDOLITES, C AMALDULENSIANS ). A joint order of hermits and cenobites, founded by ...
Camargo, Diego Muñoz - (According to Beristain de Souza, Muñoz should be the surname). Born of a Spanish ...
Cambiaso, Luca - (Also known as Luchetto da Genova, and as Luchino). Genoese painter, b. at Moneglia near ...
Cambrai, Archdiocese of - (CAMERACENSIS.) Comprises the entire Département du Nord of France. Prior to 1559 ...
Cambridge, University of - I. ORIGIN AND HISTORY The obscurity which surrounds the ancient history of Cambridge makes it ...
Cambysopolis - A titular see of Asia Minor. The name is owing to a mistake of some medieval geographer. After ...
Camel, George Joseph - (Kamel). Botanist, born at Brünn, in Moravia, 21 April 1661, died in Manila, 2 May, ...
Camerino, Diocese of - (Camerinum, Camerinensis). Camerino is a city situated in the Italian province of Macerata in ...
Camerlengo - (Latin camerarius ). The title of certain papal officials. The Low Latin word camera ...
Cameroon - (Cameroons; Cameroon.) Located in German West Africa, between British Nigeria and French ...
Camillus de Lellis, Saint - Born at Bacchianico, Naples, 1550; died at Rome, 14 July, 1614. He was the son of an officer ...
Camisards - (Probably from camise , a black blouse worn as a uniform). A sect of French fanatics who ...
Campaña, Pedro - Flemish painter, known in France as Pierre de Champagne, and in Brussels as Pieter de ...
Campagna, Girolamo - Born in Verona, 1552; died about 1623 or 1625. He was an able, but not strikingly individual ...
Campagnola, Domenico - Painter of the Venetian school, b. at Padua in 1482; date of death unascertained. This ...
Campan, Jeanne-Louise-Henriette - ( Née Genest; known as Madam Campan). A French educator, born 6 November, 1752, at ...
Campanella, Tommaso - ( Baptized GIOVANNI DOMENICO) Dominican philosopher and writer, b. 5 Sept. 1568 at Stilo in ...
Campani, Giuseppe - An Italian optician and astronomer who lived in Rome during the latter half of the ...
Campbell, James - Born at Philadelphia, 1 Sept., 1812; died there, 27 Jan., 1893. His father was Anthony Campbell, ...
Campeche - Diocese in the State of Campeche, Republic of Mexico, suffragan of the Archdiocese of ...
Campeggio, Lorenzo - Cardinal, an eminent canonist, ecclesiastical diplomat, and reformer, b. 1472 (1474) at Bologna, ...
Campi, Bernardino - An Italian painter of the Lombard School, b. at Cremona, 1522; d. at Reggio, about 1590. His ...
Campi, Galeazzo - An Italian painter, b. at Cremona, 1475; d. 1536. He commenced his studies, according to ...
Campi, Giulio - An Italian painter and architect, b. at Cremona about 1500; died there, 1572. He was the ...
Campion, Saint Edmund - English Jesuit and martyr ; he was the son and namesake of a Catholic bookseller, and was born ...
Campo Santo de' Tedeschi - (Holy Field of the Germans) A cemetery, church, and hospice for Germans on the south side of St. ...
Camus de Pont-Carré, Jean-Pierre - French bishop, b. 3 November, 1584, at Paris ; d. there 25 April, 1652. A Burgundian of good ...
Cana - A city of Galilee, Palestine, famous throughout all ages as the scene of Our Lord's first ...
Canaan, Canaanites - (Canaan, Canaanites). The Hebrew Kenaan , denoting a person, occurs: in the Old ...
Canada - (See also C ATHOLICITY IN C ANADA ) Canada, or to be more exact, the Dominion of Canada, ...
Canada, Catholicity in - The subject will be treated under three headings: I. Period of French domination, from the ...
Canal, José de la - Ecclesiastical historian, b. of poor parents, at Ucieda, a village in the province of Santander, ...
Canary Islands, The - The Canary Islands form an archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean facing the western coast of ...
Canatha - A titular see of Arabia. According to inscriptions on coins and geographical documents, its ...
Cancer de Barbastro, Luis - One of the first Dominicans who followed Las Casas to Guatemala, born in Aragon, Spain, ...
Candace - The name of the Ethiopian queen whose eunuch was baptized by St. Philip ( Acts 8:27 sqq. ). The ...
Candia - (D IOCESE OF C ANDIA ) On the north shore of Crete was an ancient city called Heracleion. ...
Candidus - The name of two scholars of the Carlovingian revival of letters in the ninth century. (1) The ...
Candle, Paschal - The blessing of the "paschal candle ", which is a column of wax of exceptional size, usually ...
Candlemas - Also called: Purification of the Blessed Virgin (Greek Hypapante ), Feast of the Presentation of ...
Candles - The word candle ( candela , from candeo , to burn) was introduced into the English language ...
Candles, Altar - For mystical reasons the Church prescribes that the candles used at Mass and at other ...
Candlestick, Seven-Branch - One of the three chief furnishings of the Holy of the Tabernacle and the Temple ( Exodus ...
Candlestick, Triple - A name given along with several others (e.g. reed, tricereo, arundo, triangulum, lumen Christi ...
Candlesticks - Of the earliest form of candlesticks used in Christian churches we know but little. Such ...
Candlesticks, Altar - An altar-candlestick consists of five parts: the foot, the stem, the knob about the middle of the ...
Canea - Formerly a titular see of Crete, suppressed by a decree of 1894. Canea is the Italian name ...
Canelos and Macas - Vicariate Apostolic in Ecuador, South America, separated in 1886 from the Vicariate Apostolic ...
Canes, Vincent - (JOHN BAPTIST) Friar Minor and controversialist, born on the borders of Nottingham and ...
Canice, Saint - (Or KENNY). Commemorated on 11 October, born in 515 or 516, at Glengiven, in what is now ...
Canisius, Henricus - (DE HONDT), canonist and historian, born at Nymwegen in Geldern and belonged to the same ...
Canisius, Peter, Blessed - (Kannees, Kanys, probably also De Hondt). Born at Nimwegen in the Netherlands, 8 May, 1521; ...
Canisius, Theodorich - Born at Nimwegen, Holland, 1532; died 27 September, 1606, at Ingolstadt. He was a half-brother on ...
Cano, Alonso - (Or ALEXIS) A Spanish painter, architect, and sculptor, b. at Granada, 19 March, 1601; d. ...
Cano, Melchior - Dominican bishop and theologian, b. 1 Jan., 1509, at Tarancón, Province of Cuenca , ...
Canon - An ecclesiastical person ( Latin Canonicus ), a member of a chapter or body of clerics ...
Canon - (Greek kanon , rule, law, guide). In music, the strictest of all contrapuntal forms. It ...
Canon Law - This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. General Notion and DivisionsII. Canon ...
Canon of the Mass - This article will be divided into four sections: (I) Name and place of the Canon; (II) History of ...
Canon of the New Testament - The Catholic New Testament, as defined by the Council of Trent, does not differ, as regards the ...
Canon of the Old Testament - Overview The word canon as applied to the Scriptures has long had a special and consecrated ...
Canoness - The assistance of women in the work of the Church goes back to the earliest time, and their ...
Canonical Hours - I. IDEA By canonical hour is understood all the fixed portion of the Divine Office which the ...
Canonization and Beatification - HISTORY According to some writers the origin of beatification and canonization in the Catholic ...
Canons and Canonesses Regular - (Also called REGULAR CLERICS, RELIGIOUS CLERICS, CLERIC-CANONS, AUGUSTINIAN CANONS, BLACK CANONS, ...
Canons Regular of the Immaculate Conception - A congregation founded in the department of Isère, at Saint-Antoine, France, by the ...
Canons, Apostolic - A collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees (eighty-five in the Eastern, fifty in the ...
Canons, Collections of Ancient - While the essential principles of the constitution and government of the Church were immutably ...
Canons, Ecclesiastical - Ecclesiastical Canons are certain rules or norms of conduct or belief prescribed by the ...
Canons, Penitential - Rules laid down by councils or bishops concerning the penances to be done for various sins. ...
Canopus - A titular see of Egypt. Its old Egyptian name was Pikuat; the Greeks called it Kanobos, or ...
Canopy - The canopy, in general, is an ornamental covering of cloth, stone, wood, or metal, used to crown ...
Canopy, Altar - The "Caeremoniale Episcoporum" (I, xii, 13), treating of the ornaments of the altar, says that ...
Canossa - A former castle of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, in the foothills of the Apennines, about ...
Canova, Antonio - The greatest Italian sculptor of modern times, b. at Possagno, in the province of Treviso, 1 ...
Cantù, Cesare - Italian historian and poet, b. at Brivio, 8 December, 1807; d. at Milan, 11 March, 1895. He was ...
Cantate Sunday - A name given to the fourth Sunday after Easter, from the first word of the Introit at Mass on ...
Canterbury - (CANTUARIA—Roman name, DUROVERNUM, whence, in Anglo-Saxon times, DUROVERNIA; canonical name ...
Canticle - Although the word is derived from canticulum , (diminutive of canticum , a song, from the ...
Canticle of Canticles - (Greek Aisma asmaton , Latin Canticum canticorum .) One of three books of Solomon, ...
Canticle of Simeon - (The Canticle of Simeon). Found in St. Luke's Gospel (2:29-32) , is the last in historical ...
Canticle of Zachary - The Benedictus, given in Luke 1:68-79, is one of the three great canticles in the opening ...
Cantius, Saint John - Born at Kenty, near Oswiecim, Diocese of Krakow, Poland, 1412 (or 1403); died at Krakow, 1473, ...
Cantor - The chief singer (and sometimes instructor) of the ecclesiastical choir, called also precentor. ...
Canute - (Or CNUT: THE GREAT, THE MIGHTY) King of the English, Danes, and Norwegians, b. about 994; d. ...
Canute IV, Saint - Also spelled C NUT . Martyr and King of Denmark, date of birth uncertain; d. 10 July 1086, ...
Cap Haïtien - (CAPITIS HAITIANI) Erected by Pius IX, 3 October, 1861, in the ecclesiastical Province of ...
Capaccio and Vallo - (CAPUTAQUENSIS ET VALLENSIS) Suffragan diocese of Salerno. Capaccio is a city in the ...
Capecelatro, Alfonso - Cardinal, Archbishop of Capua, and ecclesiastical writer; b. at Marseilles, 5 Feb., 1824; d. ...
Capefigue, Baptiste-Honoré-Raymond - Historian, b. at Marseilles, 1802; d. at Paris, 22 December, 1872. In 1821 he was a law student ...
Caperolo, Pietro - Friar Minor,date of birth unknown; d. at Velletri in 1480; he was a man of much energy and great ...
Capgrave, John - Augustinian friar, historian, and theologian, b. at Lynn in Norfolk, 21 April, 1393; d. there, ...
Capharnaum - A titular see of Palestine. Its name (also KAPERNAUM) means village of Nahum or consolation. ...
Capital Punishment - The infliction by due legal process of the penalty of death as a punishment for crime. The ...
Capitolias - A titular see of Palestine, suffragan to Scythopolis in Palestina Secunda. According to the ...
Capitulations, Episcopal and Pontifical - Capitulations were agreements, by which those taking part in the election of a bishop or pope ...
Capocci, Gaetano - Musical composer and maestro , b. in Rome, 16 Oct., 1811; d. there, 11 Jan., 1898. As a boy he ...
Capponi, Gino, Count - Historian and litterateur; born at Florence, Italy, 13 September, 1792; died 3 February, 1876. ...
Capranica, Domenico - Cardinal, theologian, canonist, and statesman, b. at Capranica near Palestrina, Italy, in 1400; ...
Caprara, Giovanni Battista - Statesman and cardinal, born at Bologna, 29 May, 1733; died at Paris, 27 July, 1810. His ...
Capreolus, John - A theologian, born towards the end of the fourteenth century, (about 1380), in the diocese of ...
Capsa - A titular see of North Africa. The city, said to have been founded by the Libyan Hercules, ...
Captain (in the Bible) - In the Douay version captain represents several different Hebrew and Latin words, and designates ...
Captivities of the Israelites - I. THE ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY (1) The End of the Northern Kingdom The Kingdom of Israel, formed by ...
Capua - (C APUANA ). The city of Capua is situated in the province of Caserta, Southern Italy. Of ...
Capuchin Friars Minor - An autonomous branch of the first Franciscan Order, the other branches being the Friars Minor ...
Capuchinesses - A branch of the Poor Clares of the Primitive Observance, instituted at Naples, in 1538, by the ...
Capuciati - (From caputium , hood — So named from the headgear which was one of their distinctive ...
Caquetá - Apostolic prefecture situated in South America on the southern border of the Republic of ...
Carabantes, José de - ( Also Caravantes). Friar Minor Capuchin and theologian, born in Aragon, in 1628; died in ...
Caracalla - (M ARCUS A URELIUS S EVERUS A NTONINUS, nicknamed C ARACALLA ) Roman Emperor, son of ...
Caracas - (Santiago de Venezuela) ARCHDIOCESE OF CARACAS (SANCTI JACOBI DE BENEZUELA) Located in the ...
Caraffa, Vincent - Seventh General of the Society of Jesus , born at Naples, 5 May, 1585; died at Rome, 6 June, ...
Caraites - A Jewish sect professing to follow the text of the Bible ( Miqra ) to the exclusion of ...
Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Juan - Spanish ecclesiastic and writer; b. at Madrid, 23 May, 1606; d. at Vigevano, 8 September, 1682. ...
Caravaggio (Michaelangelo Morigi) - A Milanese painter, b. at Caravaggio in 1569, d. at Porto d' Ercole in 1609. His family name was ...
Carayon, Auguste - French author and bibliographer, born in Saumur, France, 31 March, 1813; died at Poitiers, 15 ...
Carbery, James Joseph - Third Bishop of Hamilton, Ontario, born in the County Westmeath, Ireland, 1 May, 1823; died at ...
Carbonari - (CHARCOAL-BURNERS) The name of a secret political society, which played an important part, ...
Carbonnelle, Ignatius - Professor of mathematics and science, writer on mathematical and scientific subjects, and ...
Carcassonne - Diocese comprising the entire department of Aude, and suffragan to Toulouse. On the occasion of ...
Cardan, Girolamo - (CARDANO, CARDANUS) Italian physician and mathematician, b. at Pavia, 24 September, 1501; d. ...
Cardenas, Juan - Moral theologian and author; b. at Seville, 1613; d. 6 June, 1684. He entered the Society of ...
Cardica - A titular see of Thessaly. Cardica is a Latinized medieval form for Gardicium, the true Greek ...
Cardinal - A dignitary of the Roman Church and counsellor of the pope. By the term cardinal ...
Cardinal Protector - Since the thirteenth century it has been customary at Rome to confide to some particular ...
Cardinal Vicar - The vicar-general of the pope, as Bishop of Rome, for the spiritual administration of the ...
Cardinal Virtues - The four principal virtues upon which the rest of the moral virtues turn or are hinged. Those ...
Cardinals (1913 List) - Members of the College of Cardinals , 1913: Agliardi, Antonio, Bishop of Albano ; ...
Cards, Altar - To assist the memory of the celebrant at Mass in those prayers which he should know by heart, ...
Carducci, Bartolommeo and Vincenzo - Both known in Spain as Carducho Florentine painters, brothers, usually grouped under the ...
Carem - ( Septuagint, karem ; Hebrew, KRM , vine or vineyard) Name of a town in the Tribe of ...
Carey, Mathew - Author and publisher, b. in Dublin, Ireland, 28 January, 1760; d. in Philadelphia, U.S.A. 15 ...
Carheil, Etienne de - French missionary among the Indians of Canada, born at Carentoir, France, November 1633; died ...
Cariati - DIOCESE OF CARIATI (CARIATENSIS) Suffragan of Santa Severina. Cariati is a city of Calabria ...
Caribs - Next to the Arawaks, probably the most numerous Indian stock, of more or less nomadic habits, in ...
Carissimi, Giacomo - The most influential and prolific Italian composer of his time, b. in 1604 at Marino in the Papal ...
Carli, Dionigi da Piacenza - One of a band of Franciscan friars of the Capuchin Reform, sent out to the Congo in 1666. One ...
Carlisle - (CARLEOL, KARLIOLUM) — ANCIENT DIOCESE OF CARLISLE (CARLEOLENSIS, KARLIOLENSIS). The ...
Carlovingian Schools - Under the Merovingian Kings there was established at the court a school -- scola palatina , ...
Carmel - ( Hebrew Karmel , "garden" or "garden-land"). Carmel designates in the Old Testament a ...
Carmel, Feast of Our Lady of Mount - This feast was instituted by the Carmelites between 1376 and 1386 under the title ...
Carmel, Mount - A well-known mountain ridge in Palestine, usually called in the Hebrew Bible Hakkarmel (with the ...
Carmelite Order, The - One of the mendicant orders. Origin The date of the foundation of the Order of Our Lady of ...
Carneiro, Melchior - (Carnero). Missionary bishop ; b. of a noble family at Coimbra, in Portugal ; d. at ...
Carnoy, Jean-Baptiste - Belgian biologist, b. at Rumilies, province of Hainaut, near Tournai, 11 Jan., 1836; d. at ...
Carochi, Horacio - Born in Florence, c. 1586; died in Mexico in 1666. he entered the Society of Jesus and before ...
Caroline Books - A work in four books (120 or 121 chapters), purporting to be the composition of Charlemagne, and ...
Caroline Islands - A group of about 500 small coral islands, east of the Philippines, in the Pacific Ocean. The ...
Carolingian Schools - Under the Merovingian Kings there was established at the court a school -- scola palatina , ...
Caron, Raymond - (Or REDMOND) Franciscan friar and author, b. at Athlone, Ireland, in 1605; d. at Dublin, ...
Caron, Reneé-Edouard - A French Canadian statesman and magistrate, b. at Sainte Anne de Beaupré , Canada, 13 ...
Carpaccio, Vittore - A Venetian painter whose real name was Scarpazza, b. at Venice about 1455; d. in the same ...
Carpasia - A titular see of Cyprus. Carpasia, Karpasia, also Karpasion (sometimes mistaken for Karpathos) ...
Carpets, Altar - The sanctuary and altar-steps of the high altar are ordinarily to be covered with carpets. If ...
Carpi - DIOCESE OF CARPI (CARPENSIS). The city of Carpi is situated in the province of Modena, Central ...
Carracci - Agostino Carracci An Italian painter, engraver, and etcher, b. at Bologna, 16 August, 1557; d. ...
Carranza, Bartolomé - (Also called DE M IRANDA, from his native town). Archbishop of Toledo; b. at Miranda de ...
Carranza, Diego - Born at Mexico, 1559; died at Tehuantepec. He entered the Dominican Order 12 May, 1577, and was ...
Carreno de Miranda, Juan - Spanish painter, b. at Avilés in Asturia, 1614; d. at Madrid, 1685. He was a pupil of ...
Carrera, Rafael - Born at Guatemala, Central America, 24 October, 1814; died there 14 April, 1865, one of the most ...
Carrhae - A titular see of Mesopotamia. Carrhae is the Haran of the Bible . It is frequently mentioned ...
Carrière, Joseph - Moral theologian, thirteenth superior of the seminary and Society of Saint-Sulpice, b. 19 ...
Carrières, Louis de - Born in the chateau de la Plesse in Avrille, Angers, France, 1 September, 1662; d. at Paris, 11 ...
Carroll, Charles, of Carrollton - American statesman, b. at Annapolis, Maryland, 19 September 1737, d. at Doughoregan manor near ...
Carroll, Daniel - Brother of Archbishop Carroll , b. at upper Marlboro, Maryland, U. S. A., 1733; d. at ...
Carroll, John - First bishop of the hierarchy of the United States of America, first Bishop and Archbishop ...
Cartagena - (CARTHAGENA IN INDIIS) The city of the same name, residence of the archbishop, is situated on ...
Cartagena - DIOCESE OF CARTAGENA (CARTHAGINIENSIS) Suffragan of Granada in Spain since the concordat ...
Carter, Venerable William - English martyr, born in London, 1548; suffered for treason at Tyburn, 11 January, 1584. Son of ...
Carthage - A RCHDIOCESE OF CARTHAGE (C ARTHAGINIENSIS ) The city of Carthage, founded by Phoenician ...
Carthage, Saint - St. Carthage, whose name is also given as Mochuda, was born of a good family, in what is now ...
Carthusian Order, The - The name is derived from the French chartreuse through the Latin cartusia , of which the ...
Cartier, Georges-Etienne - A French Canadian statesman, son of Jacques Cartier and Marguerite Paradis, b. at St. ...
Cartier, Jacques - The discoverer of Canada, b. at Saint-Malo, Brittany, in 1491; d. 1 September, 1557. Little is ...
Carvajal, Bernardino Lopez de - Cardinal, b. 1455, at Plasencia in Estremadura, Spain ; d. at Rome 16 Dec., 1523. He was a ...
Carvajal, Gaspar de - Dominican missionary, b. in Estremadura, Spain, c. 1500; d. at Lima, Peru, 1584. Having entered ...
Carvajal, Juan - Cardinal ; b. about 1400 at Truxillo in Estremadura, Spain ; d. at Rome, 6 December, 1469. ...
Carvajal, Luis de - Friar Minor andTridentine theologian, b. about 1500; thetime of his death is uncertain. Of the ...
Carvajal, Luisa de - Born 2 Jan., 1568, at Jaraizejo, Spain ; died 2 Jan., 1614, at London, a lady of high birth, who ...
Carve, Thomas - Historian, b. in Co. Tipperary, Ireland, 1590; d. probably in 1672. His correct name was Carew, ...
Caryll, John - Poet, dramatist, and diplomatist, b. at West Harting, England, 1625; d. 1711; not to be ...
Carystus - A titular see of Greece. According to legend it was named after Carystus, a son of Chiron. The ...
Casale Monferatto - DIOCESE OF CASALE MONFERATTO (CASALENSIS). A suffragan of Vercelli. Casale Monferrato, the ...
Casali, Giovanni Battista - Musician, b. at Rome in 1715; d. there 1792. From 1759 until his death he held the position of ...
Casanare - Vicariate Apostolic in the Republic of Colombia, South America, administered by the Augustinians, ...
Casanata, Girolamo - (Or Casanatta) Cardinal, b. at Naples, 13 July, 1620; d. at Rome, 3 March, 1700. His father, ...
Casas, Bartolomé de las - (Originally C ASAUS ) Born at Seville, probably in 1474; d. at Madrid, 1566. His family ...
Caserta - DIOCESE OF CASERTA (CASERTANA). Caserta is the capital of the province of that name in Southern ...
Casey, John - Mathematician, b. at Kilkenny, Ireland, 12 May, 1820; d. at Dublin, 3 Jan, 1891. He received his ...
Casgrain, Henri Raymond - Author of some of the best works in French Canadian literature, b. at Rivière Ouelle, 16 ...
Cashel - A town in the County Tipperary, Ireland, which is also a Catholic archbishopric and the see of ...
Casimir, Saint - Prince of Poland, born in the royal palace at Cracow, 3 October, 1458; died at the court of ...
Casium - A titular see of Lower Egypt (Ptolemy, IV, v, 12), not far from Pelusium, and near the ...
Casot, Jean-Jacques - The last surviving Jesuit of the old Canada mission, born in Liège, Belgium, 4 ...
Cassander, George - Flemish Humanist and theologian, b. 15 August, 1513 at Pitthem in West Flanders; d. 3 February, ...
Cassani, Joseph - (Also Casani). Born at Madrid, 26 Nov., 1673, entered the Society of Jesus, 16 Nov., 1686, ...
Cassano all' Ionio - DIOCESE OF CASSANO ALL' IONIO (CASSANENSIS). Suffragan of Reggio. Cassano all' Ionio is a city ...
Casserly, Patrick S. - Patrick Educator, b. in Ireland ; d. in New York, where for many years he conducted a classical ...
Cassian, John - A monk and ascetic writer of Southern Gaul, and the first to introduce the rules of Eastern ...
Cassidy, William - Journalist, essayist, critic, b. at Albany, New York, U.S.A. 12 Aug., 1815; d. there 23 Jan., ...
Cassini, Giovanni Domenico - Astronomer, b. at Perinaldo (Nice, Italy ), 8 June, 1625; d. at Paris, 14 September, 1712. After ...
Cassiodorus - Roman writer, statesman, and monk, b. about 490; d. about 583. His full name was Flavius Magnus ...
Casson, François Dollier de - Fourth superior of Saint-Sulpice, Montreal, Canada, b. near Nantes, France, 1636; d. in 1701. ...
Cassovia - (Hungarian Kassa ; German Kaschau ; Slavic Kosice ) DIOCESE OF CASSOVIA (CASSOVIENSIS) ...
Castabala - A titular see of Asia Minor, Latin title suppressed, 1894. This city was situated somewhere on ...
Castagno, Andrea - (Or ANDREINO DEL CASTAGNO) Florentine painter, b. near Florence, 1390; d. at Florence, 9 ...
Castellammare di Stabia - (CASTRI MARIS, STABLE; DIOCESE OF CASTELLAMMARE: STABIENSIS). The seat of the diocese is an ...
Castellaneta (Castania) - DIOCESE OF CASTELLANETA (CASTELLANETENSIS). Suffragan of Taranto. Castellaneta is a city of ...
Castellanos, Juan de - Born in Spain in the first half of the sixteenth century; date of death unknown. He came to ...
Castelli, Benedetto - Mathematician and physicist ; b. at Perugia, Italy, 1577; d. at Rome, 1644. He was destined ...
Castelli, Pietro - Italian physician and botanist, b. at Rome in 1574; d. at Messina in 1662. He was graduated ...
Castello, Giovanni Battista - Italian painter, sculptor, and architect; b. at Gandino, in the Valle Seriana, in the territory ...
Castiglione, Baldassare - An Italian prose-writer, b. at Casatico, near Mantua, 6 December, 1478; died at Toledo, ...
Castiglione, Carlo Ottavio - Philologist and numismatist, b. of an ancient family at Milan, Italy, 1784; d. at Genoa, 10 ...
Castiglione, Giovanni Benedetto - Painter and etcher, b. at Genoa, Italy, 1616; d. at Mantua, 1670. In Italy he was known as ...
Castile and Aragon - The united kingdom which came into existence by the marriage (1469) of Isabella, heiress of ...
Castillejo, Cristóbal de - Spanish poet, b. in Ciudad Rodrigo (Salamanca), 1491; d. in Vienna, 12 June, 1556. From the age ...
Castner, Caspar - (Or Kastner). A missionary, b. at Munich, Bavaria, 7 October, 1655; d. at Peking, China, 9 ...
Castoria - A titular see of Macedonia. Livy (XXXI, XL) mentions a town near a lake in Orestis, called ...
Castracane degli Antelminelli, Francesco - Naturalist, b. at Fano, Italy, 19 July, 1817; d. at Rome 27 March, 1899. He was educated at ...
Castro Palao, Fernando - Spanish theologian, b. at Leon in 1581; d. at Medina, 1 Dec., 1633. From his earliest youth he ...
Castro y Bellvis, Guillen de - Spanish dramatic poet, b. of a noble family at Valencia in 1569; d. at Madrid in 1631. He ...
Castro, Alphonsus de - Friar Minor andtheologian, b. in 1495 at Zamora, Leon, Spain ; d. 11 February 1558, at Brussels. ...
Castro, Guigo de - (Guigo de Castro). Fifth prior of the Grande Chartreuse, legislator of the Carthusian Order ...
Casuistry - The application of general principles of morality to definite and concrete cases of human ...
Caswall, Edward - Oratorian and poet, b. 15 July 1814, at Yately, Hampshire, of which place his father, the Rev. R. ...
Catacombs, Roman - This subject will be treated under seven heads: I. Position; II. History; III. Inscriptions; IV. ...
Catafalque - Catafalque, derived from the Italian word catafalco , literally means a scaffold or elevation, ...
Catalani, Giuseppe - (CATALANO, CATALANUS). A Roman liturgist of the eighteenth century, member of the Oratory of ...
Catalonia - A principality within the Spanish Monarchy, occupying an area of 12,414 square miles in the ...
Catania - Catania, a seaport and capital of the province of the same name in Sicily, is situated on the ...
Catanzaro - DIOCESE OF CATANZARO (CATACIUM) Suffragan of Reggio. Catanzaro is the capital of the province of ...
Catechesis - Taken in the sense of "the act of teaching" and "the knowledge imparted by teaching", this term ...
Catechism, Roman - This catechism differs from other summaries of Christian doctrine for the instruction of the ...
Catechumen - "Catechumen," in the early Church, was the name applied to one who had not yet been initiated ...
Categorical Imperative - A term which originated in Immanuel Kant'sethics. It expresses the moral law as ultimately ...
Category - (Greek kategoría, accusation, attribution). The term was transferred by Aristotle ...
Catenæ - ( Latin catena, a chain) Collections of excerpts from the writings of Biblical commentators, ...
Cathari - (From the Greek katharos , pure), literally "puritans", a name specifically applied to, or used ...
Cathedra - (1) The chair or throne ( thronos ) of a bishop in his cathedral church, on which he presides ...
Cathedral - The chief church of a diocese, in which the bishop has his throne ( cathedra ) and close to ...
Cathedraticum - ( Latin cathedra, episcopal seat or throne). A certain sum of money to be contributed ...
Catherick, Venerable Edmund - Priest and martyr, born probably in Lancashire about 1605; executed at York, 13 April, 1642. ...
Catherine de' Medici - Born 13 April, 1519; died 5 January, 1589. She was the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici (II), Duke ...
Catherine de' Ricci, Saint - (In baptism, Alessandra Lucrezia Romola), a Dominican nun, of the Third Order, though enclosed, ...
Catherine of Alexandria, Saint - A virgin and martyr whose feast is celebrated in the Latin Church and in the various ...
Catherine of Bologna, Saint - Poor Clare and mystical writer, born at Bologna, 8 September, 1413; died there, 9 March, 1463. ...
Catherine of Genoa, Saint - (CATERINA FIESCHI ADORNO.) Born at Genoa in 1447, died at the same place 15 September, 1510. ...
Catherine of Siena, Saint - Dominican Tertiary, born at Siena, 25 March, 1347; died at Rome, 29 April, 1380. She was the ...
Catherine of Sweden, Saint - The fourth child of St. Bridget and her husband, Ulf Gudmarsson, born 1331 or 1332; died 24 ...
Catherine, Monastery of Saint - Situated on Mount Sinai, at an altitude of 4854 feet, in a picturesque gorge below the ...
Catholic - The word Catholic ( katholikos from katholou -- throughout the whole, i.e., universal) ...
Catholic Benevolent Legion - A fraternal assessment life-insurance society organized in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A. 5 ...
Catholic Club of New York - A social organization described by its constitution as a club which "shall consist of Catholic ...
Catholic Epistle - The name given to the Epistle of St. James , to that of St. Jude, to two Epistles of St. Peter ...
Catholic Knights of America - A fraternal life-insurance company chartered under the laws of the State of Kentucky, U.S.A. It ...
Catholic Missionary Union - The corporate name of a society whose directors are chosen from among the bishops of the ...
Catholic University of America - A pontifical institution located in Washington, D.C. It comprises the Schools of the Sacred ...
Catholic University of Ireland - The project of a Catholic University for Ireland was launched at the Synod of Thurles in 1850. ...
Catholicos - (Greek Katholikos , universal). The ecclesiastical title of the Nestorian and Armenian ...
Catrou, François - French historian, b. at Paris, 28 December, 1659; d. there 12 October, 1737. He was the son of ...
Cattaro - DIOCESE OF CATTARO (CATARENSIS). Suffragan of Zara. Cattaro, the principal town in one of the ...
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis - French mathematician, b. at Paris, 21 August, 1789; d. at Sceaux, 23 May, 1857. He owed his early ...
Caughnawaga - Or SAULT ST. LOUIS. An Iroquois reservation, situated on the south bank of the St. Lawrence, ...
Caulet, François-Etienne - (Also called M. DE FOIX from an abbey of which he was commendatory abbot ). A French bishop ...
Caunus - (K AUNOS ). A titular see of Asia Minor. Kaunos was said to have been founded by Kaunos, ...
Cause - CAUSE IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY The Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle scholastic ">THE SCHOLASTIC ...
Caussin, Nicolas - A famous Jesuit preacher and moralist; b. at Troyes in France, in 1583; d. at Paris, 2 July, ...
Cavagnis, Felice - Canonist, b. in Bordogna, Diocese of Bergamo , Italy, 13 January, 1841; d. at Rome, 29 ...
Cavalieri, Bonaventura - Italian mathematician, b. at Milan in 1598; d. at Bologna, 3 December, 1647. At the age of ...
Cavanagh, James - Soldier, b. in County Tipperary, Ireland, 1831; d. in New York, 7 January, 1901. He emigrated ...
Cavazzi, Giovanni Antonio - Giovanni Antonio Cavazzi of Montecucolo; a Capuchin friar of the province of Bologna, date of ...
Cavedoni, Celestino - An Italian ecclesiastic, archeologist, and numismatist ; b. 18 May, 1795, at ...
Cavity, Altar - This is a small square or oblong chamber in the body of the altar, in which are placed, according ...
Cavo, Andres - A writer frequently quoted on Spanish-Mexican history; b. at Guadalajara in Mexico, 21 January, ...
Caxton, William - Born in the Weald of Kent, c. 1422; died at Westminster, 1491; the first English printer and the ...
Cayes - (CAJESENSIS) Diocese in the republic of Haiti, suffragan to Port-au-Prince. The actual ...
Cayetano, Saint - (GAETANO.) Founder of the Theatines, born October, 1480 at Vicenza in Venetian territory; ...
Caylus, Comte de - ANNE-CLAUDE-PHILIPPE DE TUBIÈRES-GRIMOARD DE PESTELS DE LÉVIS, COMTE DE CAYLUS ...
Cazeau, Charles-Félix - A French-Canadian priest, born at Quebec, 24 December, 1807, of Jean-Baptiste Cazeau and ...
Ceadda, Saint - (Commonly known as ST. CHAD.) Abbot of Lastingham, Bishop successively of York and ...
Cebú - DIOCESE OF CEBÚ (CEBUANENSIS); DIOECESIS NOMINIS JESU Located in the Philippine Islands ...
Cecilia, Saint - Virgin and martyr, patroness of church music, died at Rome. This saint, so often glorified ...
Cedar - [ éréz, kedros, cedrus ]. A coniferous tree frequently mentioned in the ...
Cedar - [Hebrew Qedar ; Greek Kedar ]. The name of the second son of Ismael ( Genesis 25:13 ; ...
Cedd, Saint - (Or Cedda). Bishop of the East Saxons, the brother of St. Ceadda ; died 26 Oct. 664. There ...
Cedes - (Or C ADES ; Hebrew, Qédésh , sanctuary; Greek, Kades or Kedes ), two cities ...
Cedron, Brook of - [ Hebrew Náhál Qidhrôn , "Wâdi Qidron"; only once "fields of Qidron"; ...
Cefalù - DIOCESE OF CEFALÙ (CEPHALUDENSIS); CEPHALOEDIUM. The city of the same name in the ...
Ceillier, Rémi - Patrologist, b. at Bar-le-Duc, 14 May, 1688; d. at Flavigny, 26 May, 1763. He received his early ...
Celebret - A letter which a bishop gives to a priest, that he may obtain permission in another diocese ...
Celenderis - A titular see of Asia Minor. Celenderis was a port and fortress in Isauria, founded by the ...
Celestine I, Pope Saint - Nothing is known of his early history except that he was a Roman and that his father's name was ...
Celestine II, Pope - (GUIDO DEL CASTELLO, DE CASTELLIS) A native of Roman Tuscany, date of birth unknown; d. 8 ...
Celestine III, Pope - (GIACINTO BOBONE) The first of the Roman Orsini to ascend the Chair of Peter, b. about 1106; ...
Celestine IV, Pope - (GOFREDO CASTIGLIONI.) A native of Milan, nephew of Urban III, and probably a Cistercian ; ...
Celestine Order - (Also called the HERMITS OF ST. DAMIAN or HERMITS OF MURRONE). This Benedictine congregation ...
Celestine V, Pope Saint - (PIETRO DI MURRONE.) Born 1215, in the Neapolitan province of Moline; elected at Perugia 5 ...
Celestines - The name given to certain extreme "Spiritual" Franciscans of the Marches, because they were ...
Celibacy of the Clergy - Celibacy is the renunciation of marriage implicitly or explicitly made, for the more perfect ...
Cella - One of the names by which the small memorial chapels sometimes erected in the Christian ...
Cellier, Elizabeth - A noted London midwife, who came into prominence through the pretended "Meal-Tub Plot" of 1680. ...
Cellites - Or CELLITES. A religious institute or congregation, which had its origin at Mechlin, in ...
Celsus and Nazarius, Saints - In the Roman Martyrology and that of Bede for 12 June mention is made of four Roman martyrs, ...
Celsus the Platonist - An eclectic Platonist and polemical writer against Christianity, who flourished towards the end ...
Celtes, Conrad - (Properly C ONRAD P ICKEL, or M EISEL ; called also in Latin P ROTUSIUS ). A German ...
Celtic Rite, The - This subject will be treated under the following seven heads: I. History and Origin; II. ...
Cemeteries - Name The word coemeterium or cimiterium (in Gr. koimeterion ) may be said in early ...
Cemeteries in Law - Cemeteries in Civil Law It would be impossible here to deal in detail with the various ...
Cemeteries, Early Roman Christian - This article treats briefly of the individual catacomb cemeteries in the vicinity of Rome. For ...
Cenacle, Religious of the - The Society of Our Lady of the Cenacle was founded in 1826, at La Louvesc in France, near the ...
Cenalis, Robert - (Sometimes written CÉNEAU and COENALIS, whence the nickname, le Soupier ) Bishop, ...
Ceneda - DIOCESE OF CENEDA (CENETENSIS). The city of Ceneda is situated in the province of Treviso, in ...
Censer - A vessel suspended by chains, and used for burning incense at solemn Mass, Vespers, ...
Censorship of Books - ( Censura Librorum .) DEFINITION AND DIVISION In general, censorship of books is a supervision ...
Censures, Ecclesiastical - Medicinal and spiritual punishments imposed by the Church on a baptized, delinquent, and ...
Censures, Theological - Doctrinal judgments by which the Church stigmatizes certain teachings detrimental to faith ...
Census - A canonical term variously defined by different writers. Zitelli (Appar. Jur. Eccl.) calls it a ...
Central Verein of North America, German Roman Catholic - (Deutscher römisch-katholischer Centralverein von Nordamerika) The origin of the Central ...
Centre (Party), The - (THE CENTRE PARTY). This name is given to a political party in the German Reichstag and to a ...
Centuriators of Magdeburg - In 1559 there appeared at Basle the first three folio volumes of a work entitled "Ecclesiastica ...
Centurion - (Latin Centurio , Greek kentyrion, ekatontarkos, ekatontarkys ). A Roman officer ...
Ceolfrid, Saint - Benedictine monk, Abbot of Wearmouth and Jarrow, b. 642, place of birth not known; d. 29 ...
Ceolwulf - (CEOLWULPH or CEOLULPH) King of Northumbria and monk of Lindisfarne, date and place of ...
Cepeda, Francisco - (Also called ZEPEDA and ZEPEDAS) Born in the province of La Mancha, 1532; died at Guatemala, ...
Ceramus - A titular see of Asia Minor. Ceramus (or Keramos) was a city of Caria, subject at first to ...
Cerasus - A titular see of Pontus Polemoniacus in Asia Minor. Cerasus is remembered for the sojourn of ...
Ceremonial - The book which contains in detail the order of religious ceremony and solemn worship prescribed ...
Ceremony - (Sanskrit, karman , action, work; from kar or ker , to make or create; Latin ...
Cerinthus - (Greek Kerinthos ). A Gnostic-Ebionite heretic, contemporary with St. John ; against whose ...
Certitude - The word certitude indicates both a state of mind and a quality of a proposition, according ...
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de - A Spanish author, born at Alcála de Henares, Spain, in 1547; died at Madrid, 23 April, ...
Cervantes, Salazar Francisco - Born at Toledo, Spain, probably in 1513 or 1514; went to Mexico in 1550; died there in 1575. He ...
Cervia - DIOCESE OF CERVIA (CERVIENSIS) Suffragan of Ravenna. Cervia is a city in the province of ...
Cesalpino, Andrea - (Caesalpinus). A physician, philosopher, and naturalist, distinguished above all as a ...
Cesarini, Giuliano - (Also known as CARDINAL JULIAN) Born at Rome, 1398; died at Varna, in Bulgaria 10 November, ...
Cesena - DIOCESE OF CESENA (CAESENATENSIS). The ancient Cæsena is a city of Emilia, in the ...
Ceslaus, Saint - Born at Kamien in Silesia, Poland (now Prussia ), about 1184; died at Breslau about 1242. He ...
Cestra - A titular see of Asia Minor, Hierocles (709), Georgius Cyprius (ed. Gelzer, p. 836), and ...
Ceva, Thomas - Mathematician, born at Milan, 21 December, 1648; died there, 23 February, 1737. In 1663 he ...
Ceylon - An island (266 1/2 miles long and 140 1/2 miles broad), to the south-east of India and separated ...
Châlons-sur-Marne - DIOCESE OF CHÂLONS-SUR-MARNE (CATALAUNENSIS) The Diocese comprises the department of ...
Chézy, Antoine-Léonard - A French Orientalist, born at Neuilly, 15 January, 1773; died at Paris, 31 August, 1832. His ...
Chabanel, Noel - A Jesuit missionary among the Huron Indians, born in Southern France, 2 February, 1613; slain by ...
Chachapoyas - Diocese of Peru created by Pius VII in 1803, under the name of Chachapoyas and Maynas; made a ...
Chad, Saint - (Commonly known as ST. CHAD.) Abbot of Lastingham, Bishop successively of York and ...
Chadwick, James - Second Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle, born at Drogheda, Ireland, 24 April, 1813; died at ...
Chaignon, Pierre - Born at Saint-Pierre-la-Cour, Mayenne, France, 8 October, 1791, entered the Society of Jesus 14 ...
Chair of Peter - Under this head will be treated: I. The annual Feast of the Chair of Peter ( Cathedra Petri ) at ...
Chalcedon - A titular see of Asia Minor. The city was founded 676 B. C. by the Megarians on the ...
Chalcedon, Council of - The Fourth Ecumenical Council, held in 451, from 8 October until 1 November inclusive, at ...
Chaldean Christians - The name of former Nestorians now reunited with the Roman Church. Ethnologically they are ...
Chalice - HISTORY The chalice occupies the first place among sacred vessels, and by a figure of speech ...
Challoner, Richard - Bishop of Debra, Vicar Apostolic of the London District, author of spiritual and controversial ...
Cham, Chamites - I. CHAM ( A.V. Ham). Son of Noah and progenitor of one of the three great races of men whose ...
Chambéry - ARCHDIOCESE OF CHAMBÉRY (CAMBERIENSIS). The Archdiocese of Chambéry comprises the ...
Chamberlain - (Latin camerarius ). The title of certain papal officials. The Low Latin word camera ...
Champlain, Samuel de - Founder of Quebec and Father of New France , born at Brouage, a village in the province of ...
Champney, Anthony - A controversialist, born in England c. 1569; died there c. 1643. He studied at Reims (1590) ...
Champollion, Jean-François - (Called THE YOUNGER to distinguish him from his elder brother, Champollion-Figeac). A French ...
Champs, Etienne Agard de - A distinguished theologian and author, born at Bourges, 2 September, 1613; died at Paris ...
Chanaan, Chanaanites - (Canaan, Canaanites). The Hebrew Kenaan , denoting a person, occurs: in the Old ...
Chanca, Diego Alvarez - A physician-in-ordinary to Ferdinand and Isabella of Castile and Aragon ; dates of birth and ...
Chancel - The chancel is part of the choir near the altar of a church, where the deacons or sub-deacons ...
Chancery, Diocesan - That branch of administration which handles all written documents used in the official government ...
Chanel, Peter-Louis-Marie, Saint - The print version of the C ATHOLIC E NCYCLOPEDIA contains two articles on this saint. We ...
Changanacherry - VICARIATE APOSTOLIC OF CHANGANACHERRY (CHANGANACHERENSIS) Located in Travancore, British India ...
Chant, Gregorian - The name is often taken as synonymous with plain chant, comprising not only the Church music of ...
Chant, Plain - By plain chant we understand the church music of the early Middle Ages, before the advent of ...
Chantal, Saint Jane Frances de - Born at Dijon, France, 28 January, 1572; died at the Visitation Convent Moulins, 13 December, ...
Chantelou, Claude - Patristic scholar, born in 1617, at Vion, in the present Diocese of Le Mans, France ; died 28 ...
Chantry - (Middle English chaunterie ; Old French chanterie , French chanter , to sing; Middle Latin ...
Chapeauville, Jean - A Belgian theologian and historian, b. at Liège, 5 January, 1551; d. there 11 May 1617. ...
Chapel - ( Latin capella; French chapelle ). When St. Martin divided his military cloak ( cappa ) ...
Chapelle, Placide-Louis - Archbishop of New Orleans, U.S.A. b. at Runes Lozère, France, 28 August, 1842; d. at ...
Chaplain - (Latin capellanus , from capella , chapel ). The origin of capella has been a ...
Chaplets (Prayer Beads) - Beads variously strung together, according to the kind, order, and number of prayers in certain ...
Chaptal, Jean-Antoine - Comte de Chanteloup, technical chemist and statesman; b. Nogaret, Lozère, France, 4 June, ...
Chapter - The name Chapter ( Latin capitulum ), designating certain corporate ecclesiastical bodies, ...
Chapter and Conventual Mass - As a general rule, churches in which the Divine office is to be said publicly every day must also ...
Chapter House - A building attached to a monastery or cathedral in which the meetings of the chapter are held. ...
Character - Quite distinct from the technical meaning which the term character possesses in theological ...
Character, Sacramental - Character indicates a special effect produced by three of the sacraments, viz. Baptism, ...
Charadrus - A titular see of Asia Minor. According to Strabo (XIV, 669) and Skylax, 102, it was a harbour ...
Chardon, Jean-Baptiste - Indian missionary in Canada, and in the Louisian territory, born at Bordeaux, France, 27 April, ...
Chardon, Mathias - (His name in religion was Charles.) A learned French Benedictine of the Congregation of the ...
Charette de la Contrie, Baron Athanase-Charles-Marie - Born at Nantes, 3 Sept., 1832; died at Basse-Motte (Ille-et-Vilaine), 9 Oct., 1911. His father ...
Chariopolis - A titular see of Thrace. Nothing is known about this city during antiquity. In 1087 it was ...
Charismata - The Greek term charisma denotes any good gift that flows from God's benevolent love ( ...
Charitable Bequests, Civil Law Concerning - The word charity , as employed by the courts and used as descriptive of uses and trusts which ...
Charity and Charities - In its widest and highest sense, charity includes love of God as well as love of man. The ...
Charity, Congregation of the Brothers of - Founded in Belgium early in the present century: the rule and constitutions were approved and ...
Charity, Sisters of, (St. John, New Brunswick) - Founded in 1854 by Bishop, subsequently Archbishop, Connolly. Two years before this the bishop ...
Charity, Sisters of, of Jesus and Mary - A congregation founded in 1803 by Canon Triest, who was known as "the St. Vincent de Paul of ...
Charity, Sisters of, of Our Lady Mother of Mercy - A congregation founded in Holland in 1832 by the Rev. John Zwijsen, pastor of Tilburg, aided by ...
Charity, Sisters of, of Providence - The community of Sisters of xxyyyk.htm">Providence, or, more accurately, Daughters of Charity, ...
Charity, Sisters of, of St. Elizabeth - (Mother-house at Convent Station, near Morristown, New Jersey). A community founded at Newark, ...
Charity, Sisters of, of St. Louis - This congregation was founded at Vannes in Brittany, in 1803, by Madame Molé, ...
Charity, Sisters of, of St. Paul - These sisters who now add " OF C HARTRES " to their title to distinguish them from another ...
Charity, Sisters of, of St. Vincent de Paul - A congregation of women with simple vows, founded in 1633 and devoted to corporal and ...
Charity, Sisters of, of St. Vincent de Paul (New York) - (Motherhouse at Mt. St. Vincent-on Hudson, New York; not to be confused with the Sisters of ...
Charity, Sisters of, of the Blessed Virgin Mary - A congregation begun by five young women in Dublin, Ireland, 8 December, 1831, with the purpose ...
Charity, Theological Virtue of - The third and greatest of the Divine virtues enumerated by St. Paul ( 1 Corinthians 13:13 ), ...
Charity, Theological Virtue of - The third and greatest of the Divine virtues enumerated by St. Paul ( 1 Corinthians 13:13 ), ...
Charlemagne - (French for Carolus Magnus , or Carlus Magnus ("Charles the Great"); German Karl der Grosse ...
Charlemagne and Church Music - Charlemagne's interest in church music and solicitude for its propagation and adequate ...
Charles Borromeo, Saint - St. Charles Borromeo -- Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal-Priest of the Title of St. Prassede, ...
Charles Martel - Born about 688; died at Quierzy on the Oise, 21 October, 741. He was the natural son of Pepin of ...
Charles V, Emperor - (CHARLES I, KING OF SPAIN). Born at Ghent, 1500; died at Yuste, in Spain, 1558; was a ...
Charleston - The Diocese of Charleston (Carolopolitana) now comprises the entire State of South Carolina, ...
Charlevoix, François-Xavier - Historian, b. at St-Quentin, France, 24 October, 1682, d. at La Flèche, 1 February, 1761. ...
Charlottetown - DIOCESE OF CHARLOTTETOWN (CAROLINAPOLITANA) Includes all Prince Edward Island (formerly called ...
Charpentier, François-Philippe - French engraver, inventor, and mechanician, b. at Blois, 1734; d. there 22 July, 1817. His ...
Charron, Pierre - Moralist, b. in Paris, 1541; d. there 6 Nov., 1603. He studied law at Bourges, but after ...
Charterhouse - From the fact that St. Bruno founded the first house of his austere order at Chartreux, near ...
Chartier, Alain - A French poet, born about 1390, at Bayeux, died between 1430 and 1440. It is believed he studied ...
Chartres - Comprises the department of Eure-et-Loir. Dismembered by the formation of the new Diocese of ...
Chartreuse, La Grande - The mother-house of the Carthusian Order lies in a high valley of the Alps of Dauphine, at an ...
Chartulary - ( Cartularium , Chartularium , also called Pancarta and Codex Diplomaticus ), a medieval ...
Chastel, Guigues du - (Guigo de Castro). Fifth prior of the Grande Chartreuse, legislator of the Carthusian Order ...
Chastellain, Georges - (Or Chastelain), a Burgundian chronicler, born in the County of Alost, Flanders, in 1403; died ...
Chastellain, Pierre - Missionary among the Huron Indians, born at Senlis, France, in 1606; died at Quebec, 14 August, ...
Chastity - In this article chastity is considered as a virtue ; its consideration as an evangelical counsel ...
Chasuble - Called in Latin casula planeta or pænula , and in early Gallic sources amphibalus , ...
Chateaubriand, François-René - French writer, b. at Saint-Malo, Brittany, 4 September, 1768; d. at Paris, 4 July, 1848. He ...
Chatham - DIOCESE OF CHATHAM (CHATHAMENSIS) The Diocese of Chatham comprises the northern half of the ...
Chaucer, Geoffrey - English poet, born in London between 1340 and 1345; died there, 25 October, 1400. John ...
Chaumonot, Pierre-Joseph - Jesuit missionary in New York and Canada, Born near Châtillon-sur-Seine in France, 1611; ...
Chauncy, Maurice - Prior of the English Carthusians at Bruges, date of birth unknown; died at Bruges, 2 July, ...
Chauveau, Pierre-Joseph-Octave - Canadian statesman, born at Quebec, 30 May, 1820; died at Montreal, 4 April, 1890. After a ...
Chelm and Belz - (CHELMENSIS ET BELTHIENSIS RUTENORUM). A diocese of the Greek-Ruthenian Rite in Russian ...
Cheminais de Montaigu, Timoléon - A pulpit orator, born at Paris, 3 January, 1652; entered the Society of Jesus at fifteen, died ...
Cherokee Indians - The largest and most important tribe of Iroquoian stock of the southern section of the United ...
Chersonesus - (1) A titular see of Crete. The city stood on a little peninsula of the north-east coast, ...
Cherubim - Angelic beings or symbolic representations thereof, mentioned frequently in the Old Testament ...
Cherubini, Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore - Composer, born in Florence, 14 September, 1760; died at Paris, 15 March, 1842. His instruction ...
Chester - ANCIENT DIOCESE OF CHESTER (CESRENSIS). Located in England. Though the See of Chester, ...
Cheverus, Jean-Louis Lefebvre de - First Bishop of Boston, U.S.A., Bishop of Montauban ; Archbishop of Bordeaux, France, and ...
Chevreul, Michel-Eugène - Chemist, physicist, and philosopher, b. at Angers, France, 31 August, 1786; d. at Paris, 9 ...
Cheyenne - DIOCESE OF CHEYENNE (CHEYENNENSIS) The Diocese of Cheyenne, established 9 August, 1887, is ...
Chi-Rho (Labarum) - Labarum is the name by which the military standard adopted by Constantine the Great after his ...
Chiabrera, Gabriello - A poet, born at Savona, Italy, 8 June, 1552, died there 1638. When nine years of age he went to ...
Chiapas - The Diocese of Chiapas comprises almost the entire state of that name in the Republic of Mexico. ...
Chiavari - (CLAVARIUM); DIOCESE OF CHIAVARI (CLAVARENSIS) Suffragan of Genoa. Chiavari is a city of the ...
Chibchas - (Or MUYSCAS). Next to the Quichuas of Peru and the Aymaras in Bolivia, the Chibchas of ...
Chicago, Archdiocese of - (Chicagiensis). Diocese created 28 November, 1842; raised to the rank of an archdiocese, 10 ...
Chichele, Henry - (Or Chicheley) Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire, England, ...
Chichester - Ancient Catholic Diocese of Chichester (Cicestrensis), in England. This see took its rise in ...
Chicoutimi - Diocese created, 28 May, 1878, a part of the civil and ecclesiastical Province of Quebec, which ...
Chieregati, Francesco - (C HIEREGATO ) Papal nuncio, b. at Vicenza, 1479; d. at Bologna, 6 December, 1539. Little ...
Chieti - ARCHDIOCESE OF CHIETI (THEATENSIS) Archdiocese with the perpetual administration of Vasto. ...
Chihuahua - The Diocese of Chihuahua, in the north of Mexico, comprises the State of Chihuahua, with a ...
Chilapa - Diocese in Mexico, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Mexico, comprises the State of Guerrero, in ...
Children of Mary - The Sodality of Children of Mary Immaculate owes its origin to the manifestation of the Virgin ...
Children of Mary of the Sacred Heart, The - A Sodality of the Blessed Virgin, founded by the Venerable Mother Barat of the Society of the ...
Chile - (Also written C HILI ). A comparatively narrow strip of coast-land in South America between ...
Chimalpain, Domingo (San Anton y Muñon) - A Mexican Indian of the second half of the sixteenth and the first half of the seventeenth ...
China - The Chinese Empire, the largest political division of Eastern Asia, extends from 18°10' to ...
China, History of - The question of the origin of the Chinese has been discussed by several foreign savants: J. Edkins ...
China, Martyrs in - The first Christian martyrs in China appear to have been the missionaries of Ili Bâliq ...
China, The Church in - Ancient Christians The introduction of Christianity into China has been ascribed not only to ...
Chinooks - An aboriginal tribe of the extreme northwest of the United States, which might be adduced as an ...
Chioggia (Chiozza) - DIOCESE OF CHIOGGIA (CLODIENSIS). Chioggia is a sea-coast city in the province of Venice. It ...
Chios - (Greek Chios , Italian Scio , Turkish, Sakiz Adassi ). One of the Sporades in the ...
Chippewa Indians - The largest and most important tribe north of Mexico, numbering some 30,000 souls, about equally ...
Chiusi-Pienza - DIOCESE OF CHIUSI-PIENZA (CLUSINENSIS ET PIENTINENSIS) Suffragan of Siena. Chiusi is an ...
Chivalry - Chivalry (derived through the French cheval from the Latin caballus ) as an institution is ...
Choctaw Indians - An important tribe or confederacy of Muskogean stock formerly holding most of Southern Alabama ...
Choir - There is much ambiguity about the terms choir and presbytery. Strictly speaking, the choir is ...
Choir - A body of singers entrusted with the musical parts of the Church service, and organized and ...
Choiseul du Plessis-Praslin, Gilbert - French bishop, b. 1613; d. at Paris, 31 December, 1689. He was a descendant of the noble family ...
Choiseul, Etienne-François, Duc de - French statesman, b. 28 June, 1719; d. in Paris 8 May, 1785. Until his thirty-seventh year he ...
Cholonec, Pierre - A biographer and French missionary among the Canadian Indians, born in the Diocese of ...
Chorepiscopi - (Greek Chorepiskopoi = rural bishops.) A name originally given in the Eastern Church to ...
Choron, Alexandre-Etienne - A French musician and teacher of music, b. at Caen, 21 October, 1772; d. 29 June, 1834. Being ...
Chrism - A mixture of oil of olives and balsam, blessed by a bishop in a special manner and used in the ...
Chrismal, Chrismatory - Formerly used to designate the sheath, or cloth-covering ( theca ) in which relics were ...
Chrismarium - (1) A place in a church set apart for the administration of confirmation. (2) An ampulla or jar, ...
Christ, Agony of - (From agonia , a struggle; particularly, in profane literature, the physical struggle of ...
Christ, Character of - The surpassing eminence of the character of Jesus has been acknowledged by men of the most ...
Christ, Chronology of the Life of - In the following paragraphs we shall endeavour to establish the absolute and relative chronology ...
Christ, Early Historical Documents on - The historical documents referring to Christ's life and work may be divided into three classes: ...
Christ, Genealogy of - It is granted on all sides that the Biblical genealogy of Christ implies a number of exegetical ...
Christ, Holy Name of - In this article, we shall consider the two words which compose the Sacred Name. JESUS The word ...
Christ, Jesus - Origin of the Name of Jesus In this article, we shall consider the two words -- "Jesus" and ...
Christ, Knowledge of - " Knowledge of Jesus Christ," as used in this article, does not mean a summary of what we know ...
Christ, Order of the Knights of - A military order which sprang out of the famous Order of the Temple (see Knights Templars ). ...
Christ, Temptation of - In the Catholic translation of the Bible , the word "temptation" is used in various senses, ...
Christ, Virgin Birth of - The dogma which teaches that the Blessed Mother of Jesus Christ was a virgin before, during, ...
Christchurch - DIOCESE OF CHRISTCHURCH (CHRISTOPOLITANA) (Its centre being Christchurch, the Capital of ...
Christendom - In its wider sense this term is used to describe the part of the world which is inhabited by ...
Christendom, Union of - The Catholic Church is by far the largest, the most widespread, and the most ancient of ...
Christian - First Bishop of Prussia, d. 1245. Before becoming a missionary he was a Cistercian monk at ...
Christian Archæology - Christian archaeology is that branch of the science of archaeology the object of which is the ...
Christian Art - " Christian art" is a term which, while it always applies to the fine arts and their creations ...
Christian Brothers - NATURE AND OBJECT The Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools is a society of male ...
Christian Brothers of Ireland - An institute founded at Waterford, Ireland, in 1802, by Edmund Ignatius Rice, a merchant of that ...
Christian Charity, Sisters of - Also called DAUGHTERS OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, an institute for teaching poor schools and ...
Christian Doctrine, Confraternity of - An association established at Rome in 1562 for the purpose of giving religions instruction. Till ...
Christian Instruction, Brothers of - A congregation founded in 1817 at Saint-Brieuc, Côtes-du-Nord, France, by Jean-Marie-Robert ...
Christian Knowledge, Society for Promoting - The greatest and most important society within the Church of England. It was founded 8 March, ...
Christian Retreat, Congregation of - There are two branches of this congregation, the Fathers of Christian Retreat and the Sisters. ...
Christianity - In the following article an account is given of Christianity as a religion, describing its origin, ...
Christina Alexandra - Queen of Sweden, child of Gustavus Adolphhus II of Sweden, born at Stockholm, 8 December, 1626; ...
Christine de Pisan - A French poetess and historiographer, born at Venice, 1363; died in France, 1430. Although an ...
Christine of Stommeln, Blessed - Born at Stommeln near Cologne, in 1242; died 6 November, 1312. Stommeln, called in the ...
Christmas - ORIGIN OF THE WORD The word for Christmas in late Old English is Cristes Maesse , the Mass of ...
Christology - Christology is that part of theology which deals with Our Lord Jesus Christ. In its full extent ...
Christopher Numar of Forli - Minister general of the Friars Minor and cardinal, date of birth uncertain; d. at Ancona, 23 ...
Christopher, Pope - (Reigned 903-904). Some hold that Christopher, once Cardinal-Priest of the Title of St. Damasus, ...
Christopher, Saint - (Greek christos , Christ, pherein , to bear. Latin Christophorus , i.e. Christbearer). ...
Chrodegang, Saint - (Called also CHRODEGAND, GODEGRAND, GUNDIGRAN, RATGANG, RODIGANG and SIRIGANG). Bishop of ...
Chromatius, Saint - Bishop of Aquileia, died about 406-407. He was probably born at Aquileia, and in any case grew ...
Chronicle of Eusebius - Consists of two parts: the first was probably called by Eusebius the "Chronograph" or ...
Chronicles (Paralipomenon), Books of - ( Paraleipomenon ; Libri Paralipomenon ). Two books of the Bible containing a summary of ...
Chronicon Paschale - (P ASCHAL C HRONICLE ). The name ordinarily given to a valuable Byzantine chronicle of the ...
Chronology, Biblical - Biblical chronology deals with the dates of the various events recorded in the Bible . It ...
Chronology, General - CHRISTIAN ERA PRE-CHRISTIAN CHRONOLOGY REGNAL YEARS INDICTIONS BEGINNING OF THE YEAR THE ...
Chrysanthus and Daria, Saints - Roman martyrs, buried on the Via Salaria Nova, and whose tombs, according to the testimony of ...
Chrysogonus, Saint - Martyr, suffered at Aquileia, probably during the persecution of Diocletian, was buried ...
Chrysopolis - A titular see of Roman Arabia, not to be confounded with Chrysopolis (today Scutari), opposite ...
Chrysostom, Saint John - ( Chrysostomos , "golden-mouthed" so called on account of his eloquence). Doctor of the ...
Chur - (Anciently C URIA R HÆTORUM, in Italian C OIRA, French C OÏRE, in the local ...
Church and State - The Church and the State are both perfect societies, that is to say, each essentially aiming ...
Church Maintenance - The proper support of church edifices and church institutions, as well as of the clergy who ...
Church, The - The term church (Anglo-Saxon, cirice, circe ; Modern German, Kirche; Sw., Kyrka ) is ...
Churching of Women - A blessing given by the Church to mothers after recovery from childbirth. Only a Catholic ...
Chusai - The Arachite, i.e. the native of Archi, a place south of the portion of Ephraim, near Bethel ( ...
Chysoloras, Manuel - First teacher of Greek in Italy, born at Constantinople about the middle of the fourteenth ...
Chytri - A titular see of Cyprus. The Greek see of similar title was suppressed in 1222 by Cardinal ...
Ciampini, Giovanni Giustino - An ecclesiastical archaeologist, born at Rome, 1633; died there 1698. He graduated from the ...
Ciasca, Agostino - (In the world, PASQUALE). An Italian Augustinian and cardinal, born at Polignano a Mare, in ...
Ciborium - A chalice-like vessel used to contain the Blessed Sacrament. The word is of rather doubtful ...
Cibot, Pierre-Martial - Missionary, born at Limoges, France, 14 August, 1727; died at Peking, China, 8 August, 1780. He ...
Ciboule, Robert - Theologian and moralist, born in the Department of Eure, France, at the close of the fourteenth ...
Cibyra - A titular see of Caria, in Asia Minor. Kibyra, later Kibyrrha, had been founded by the Lycian ...
Ciccione, Andrea - An Italian sculptor and architect, born in Naples in the first part of the fifteenth century. ...
Cicognara, Leopoldo, Count - Politician, writer on art, and collector of Italian antiquities, born at Ferara 26 November, 1767; ...
Cid, El - (Rodrigo, or Ruy, Diaz, Count of Bivar). The great popular hero of the chivalrous age of ...
Cidyessus - A titular see of Asia Minor. It was a city of some importance, west of Ammonia in West-Central ...
Cienfuegos - The Diocese of Cienfuegos (Centumfocensis), which includes all the Province of Santa Clara in the ...
Cignani Family - (1)CARLO, born 1628, the most distinguished of three Bolognese painters of the same name, was a ...
Cima da Conegliano, Giovanni Battista - A Venetian painter, born at Conegliano in the province of Treviso in 1459 or 1460; died in ...
Cimabue, Cenni di Pepo - Florentine painter, born 1240; died after 1301; the legendary founder of Italian painting and ...
Cimbebasia - PREFECTURE APOSTOLIC OF UPPER CIMBEBASIA Cimbebasia was the name given for a long time to the ...
Cincinnati - The Archdiocese of Cincinnati (Cincinnatiensis) comprises that part of the State of Ohio lying ...
Cincture - ( Latin Cingulum .) The cincture (or, as it is more commonly called in England, the ...
Cinites - (A.V. Kenites). A tribe or family often mentioned in the Old Testament, personified as ...
Cinna - A titular see of Asia Minor. According to the order of the "Synecdemus" of Hirerocles (p. 696) ...
Circesium - (KERKESION, KERKISION, KIRKISIA, CERCUSIUM, CIRCESSUS). A titular see of Osrhoene. Founded ...
Circumcision - The Hebrew, like the Greek ( peritome ), and the Latin ( circumcisio ), signifies a cutting ...
Circumcision, Feast of the - As Christ wished to fulfil the law and to show His descent according to the flesh from Abraham. ...
Cisalpine Club - An association of Catholic laymen formed in England to perpetuate the movement which had found ...
Cisamus - Cisamus, a titular see of Crete. Kisamos, or Kissamos, was a harbour on the north-west coast of ...
Cistercian Sisters - The first Cistercian monastery for women was established at Tart in the Diocese of Langres ...
Cistercians - ( See also CISTERCIAN SISTERS ; CISTERCIANS IN THE BRITISH ISLES .) Religious of the Order ...
Cistercians in the British Isles - St. Stephen Harding, third Abbot of Cîteaux (1109-33), was an Englishman and his ...
Citation - ( Latin citare ). A legal act through which a person, by mandate of the judge, is called ...
Citharizum - A titular see of Armenia. The city was situated in Asthianene or Balabitene, a region between ...
Città della Pieve, Diocese of - (CIVITATIS PLEBIS) A city of obscure origin in the province of Perugia in Umbria, Central ...
Città di Castello, Diocese of - Città di Castello, DIOCESE OF (CIVITATIS CASTELLI), is a town in the province of Perugia, ...
Ciudad Real - (ECCLESIA CLUNIENSIS Bishopric-Priorate of the Military Orders of Spain, directly subject ...
Ciudad Rodrigo - Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo (Civitatensis) Suffragan of the Diocese of Santiago; comprises the ...
Cius - (Kios.) A titular see of Asia Minor. Kios was a Milesian colony on the Bithynian coast in ...
Civil Allegiance - By civil allegiance is meant the duty of loyalty and obedience which a person owes to the State ...
Civil Authority - Civil Authority is the moral power of command, supported (when need be) by physical coercion, ...
Civil Marriage - "Marriage", says Bishop, "as distinguished from the agreement to marry and from the act of ...
Cività Castellana, Orte, and Gallese - Cività Castellana, DIOCESE OF (CIVITATIS CASTELLANÆ, HORTANENSIS ET GALLESINENSIS) is ...
Civitavecchia and Corneto, Diocese of - Civitavecchia and Corneto, DIOCESE OF (CENTUMCELLARUM ET CORNETANA) is an important and fortified ...
Clémanges, Mathieu-Nicolas Poillevillain de - (Or CLAMANGES) A French Humanist and theologian, b. in Champagne about 1360; d. at Paris ...
Clémencet, Charles - Benedictine historian, b. at Painblanc, in the department of Côte-d'Or, France, 1703; d. ...
Clément, François - A member of the Benedictine Congregation of Saint-Maur and historian; born at Bèze in the ...
Clairvaux, Abbey of - The third daughter of Cîteaux and mother in the fourth line of numerous and celebrated ...
Clandestinity (in Canon Law) - Strictly speaking, clandestinity signifies a matrimonial impediment introduced by the Council of ...
Clare of Assisi, Saint - Cofoundress of the Order of Poor Ladies , or Clares, and first Abbess of San Damiano; born at ...
Clare of Montefalco, Saint - Born at Montefalco about 1268; died there, 18 August, 1308. Much dispute has existed as to whether ...
Clare of Rimini, Blessed - (Chiara Agolanti), of the order of Poor Clares, born at Rimini in 1282; died there 10 February, ...
Claret y Clará, Saint Antonio María - Spanish prelate and missionary, born at Sallent, near Barcelona, 23 Dec., 1807; d. at ...
Clark, William - English priest, date of birth unknown, executed at Winchester, 29 Nov., 1603. He was educated ...
Classical Latin Literature in the Church - I. Early Period This article deals only with the relations of the classical literature, chiefly ...
Claude de la Colombière, Saint - Missionary and ascetical writer, born of noble parentage at Saint-Symphorien-d'Ozon, between ...
Claudia - ( Klaudia ), a Christian woman of Rome, whose greeting to Timothy St. Paul conveys with ...
Claudianus Mamertus - (The name Ecdicius is unauthorized). A Gallo-Roman theologian and the brother of St. ...
Claudiopolis - A titular see of Asia Minor. It was a city in Cilicia Tracheia or Byzantine Isauria. The old ...
Claudiopolis - A titular see of Bithynia, in Asia Minor. Strabo (XII, 4, 7) mentions a town, Bithynium ...
Claver, Saint Peter - The son of a Catalonian farmer, was born at Verdu, in 1581; he died 8 September, 1654. He ...
Clavigero, Francisco Saverio - Born at Vera Cruz, Mexico, 9 September, 1731; d. at Bologna, Italy, 2 April, 1787. At the age of ...
Clavius, Christopher - Christoph Clau, mathematician and astronomer, whose most important achievement related to the ...
Clavius, Claudius - (Or NICHOLAS NIGER.) The latinized form of the name of the old Danish cartographer Claudius ...
Clayton, James - Priest, confessor of the faith, b. at Sheffield, England, date of birth not know ; d. a ...
Clazomenae - A titular see of Asia Minor. The city had been first founded on the southern shore of the ...
Clean and Unclean - The distinction between legal and ceremonial, as opposed to moral, cleanness and uncleanness ...
Cleef, Jan van - A Flemish painter, b. in Guelderland in 1646, d. at Ghent, 18 December, 1716. He was a pupil of ...
Cleef, Joost van - (JOSSE VAN CLEVE). The "Madman", a Flemish painter born in Antwerp c. 1520, died c. 1556. ...
Cleef, Martin van - A Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in 1520; died in 1570; was the son of the painter William ...
Clemens non Papa - (Jacques Clement). Representative of the Flemish or Netherland School of music of the ...
Clemens, Franz Jacob - A German Catholic philosopher, b. 4 October, 1815, at Coblenz; d. 24 February, 1862, at Rome. ...
Clement I, Pope Saint - Pope Clement I (called CLEMENS ROMANUS to distinguish him from the Alexandrian ), is the first ...
Clement II, Pope - (S UIDGER .) Date of birth unknown; enthroned 25 December, 1046; d. 9 October, 1047. In the ...
Clement III, Pope - (Paolo Scolari). Date of birth unknown; elected 19 December, 1187; d. 27 March, 1191. During ...
Clement IV, Pope - (G UIDO L E G ROS ). Born at Saint-Gilles on the Rhone, 23 November, year unknown; ...
Clement IX, Pope - (GIULIO ROSPIGLIOSI) Born 28 January, 1600, at Pistoja, of an ancient family originally from ...
Clement Mary Hofbauer, Blessed - (JOHN DVORÁK) The second founder of the Redemptorist Congregation, called "the Apostle ...
Clement of Alexandria - (Properly TITUS FLAVIUS CLEMENS, but known in church history by the former designation to ...
Clement of Ireland, Saint - Also known as CLEMENS SCOTUS (not to be confounded with Claudius Clemens). Born in Ireland, ...
Clement V, Pope - (B ERTRAND DE G OT .) Born at Villandraut in Gascony, France, 1264; died at Roquemaure, 20 ...
Clement VI, Pope - (P IERRE R OGER ) Born 1291 in the castle of Maumont, departmentof Corrèze, France, ...
Clement VII, Pope - (G IULIO DE’ M EDICI ). Born 1478; died 25 September, 1534. Giulio de' Medici was ...
Clement VIII, Pope - (IPPOLITO ALDOBRANDINI). Born at Fano, March, 1536, of a distinguished Florentine family ; ...
Clement X, Pope - (EMILIO ALTIERI). Born at Rome, 13 July, 1590; elected 29 April, 1670, and died at Rome, 22 ...
Clement XI, Pope - (GIOVANNI FRANCESCO ALBANI). Born at Urbino, 23 July, 1649; elected 23 November, 1700; died ...
Clement XII, Pope - (LORENZO CORSINI). Born at Florence, 7 April, 1652; elected 12 July, 1730; died at Rome 6 ...
Clement XIII, Pope - (C ARLO DELLA T ORRE R EZZONICO ). Born at Venice, 7 March, 1693; died at Rome, 2 ...
Clement XIV, Pope - (L ORENZO –or G IOVANNI V INCENZO A NTONIO –G ANGANELLI ). Born at ...
Clement, Cæsar - Date of birth uncertain; died at Brussels 28 Aug., 1626, great-nephew of Sir Thomas More's ...
Clement, John - President of the College of Physicians and tutor to St. Thomas More's children, born in ...
Clementines - (K LEMENTIA ; C LEMENTINE P SEUDO -W RITINGS ) Clementines is the name given to the ...
Clenock, Maurice - (Or Clynog.) Date of birth unknown; died about 1580. He was b. in Wales and educated at ...
Cleophas - According to the Catholic English versions the name of two persons mentioned in the New ...
Clerestory - A term formerly applied to any window or traceried opening in a church, e.g. in an aisle, ...
Cleric - A person who has been legitimately received into the ranks of the clergy. By clergy in the ...
Clericato, Giovanni - Canonist, born 1633, at Padua ; died 1717. He was of English descent, and the name is variously ...
Clericis Laicos - The initial words of a Bull issued 25 Feb., 1296, by Boniface VIII in response to an earnest ...
Clerk, John - Bishop of Bath and Wells ; date of birth unknown; died 3 January, 1541. He was educated at ...
Clerke, Agnes Mary - See also ELLEN MARY CLERKE . Astronomer, born at Skibbereen, County Cork, Ireland, 10 ...
Clerke, Ellen Mary - Sister of Agnes Mary Clerke, journalist and novelist, b. at Skibbereen, County Cork, Ireland, ...
Clerks Regular - Canonical Status By clerks regular are meant those bodies of men in the Church who by the very ...
Clerks Regular of Our Saviour - A religious congregation instituted in its present form in 1851, at Benoite-Vaux in the Diocese ...
Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca - Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca, a congregation founded by the Blessed Giovanni ...
Clermont - (CLERMONT-FERRAND; CLAROMONTENSIS) Comprises the entire department of Puy-de-Dôme and is ...
Cletus, Pope Saint - The second successor of St. Peter . Whether he was the same as Cletus, who is also called ...
Cletus, Pope Saint - This name is only another form for Anacletus, the second successor of St. Peter. It is true ...
Cleveland - The Diocese of Cleveland (Clevelandensis), established 23 April, 1847, comprises all that part of ...
Clichtove, Josse - (Jodocus Clichtovaeus). A theologian, b. 1472 at Nieuport (Flanders); d. 1543 at Chartres ( ...
Clifford, William - ( Alias Mansell), divine, d. 30 April, 1670; he was the son of Henry Clifford, by his wife ...
Clifton - (Cliftoniensis). Diocese of England, consisting of Gloucestershire, Somersetshire, and ...
Climent, José - Spanish bishop, b. at Castellon de la Plana (Valencia), 1706; d. there 25 Nov., 1781. ...
Clitherow, Saint Margaret - Martyr, called the "Pearl of York", born about 1556; died 25 March 1586. She was a daughter of ...
Clogher - DIOCESE OF CLOGHER (CLOGHERENSIS) A suffragan of Armagh, Ireland, which comprises the County ...
Cloister - The English equivalent of the Latin word clausura (from claudere , "to shut up"). This word ...
Clonard, School of - Clonard (Irish, Cluain Eraird , or Cluain Iraird , Erard's Meadow) was situated on the ...
Clonfert - (Clonfertensis, in Irish Cluain-fearta Brenainn ). The Diocese of Clonfert, a suffragan see ...
Clonmacnoise, Abbey and School of - Situated on the Shannon, about half way between Athlone and Banagher, King's County, Ireland, ...
Cloths, Altar - The use of altar-cloths goes back to the early centuries of the Church. St. Optatus of Mileve ...
Clotilda, Saint - ( French CLOTILDE; German CHLOTHILDE). Queen of the Franks, born probably at Lyons, c. ...
Clouet - The family name of several generations of painters. Jean (Jean the Younger) Born at Tours, ...
Clovesho, Councils of - Clovesho, or Clofeshoch, is notable as the place at which were held several councils of the ...
Clovio, Giorgio - (Also known as Giulio Clovio ) A famous Italian miniaturist, called by Vasari "the unique" ...
Clovis - (CHLODWIG, or CHLODOWECH) Son of Childeric, King of the Salic Franks ; born in the year 466; ...
Cloyne, Diocese of - (Gaelic Cluain-uania , Cave-meadow. Latin Clonensis or Cloynensis .) Comprises the ...
Cluny, Congregation of - (CLUNI, CLUGNI, or CLUGNY) The earliest reform, which became practically a distinct order, ...
Clynn, John - (Or CLYN). Irish Franciscan and annalist, b. about 1300; d., probably, in 1349. His place of ...
Co-Consecrators - Co-consecrators are the bishops who assist the presiding bishop in the act of consecrating a ...
Co-education - The term is now generally reserved to the practice of educating the sexes together; but even in ...
Cobo, Bernabé - Born at Lopera in Spain, 1582; died at Lima, Peru, 9 October, 1657. He went to America in ...
Coccaleo, Viatora - A Capuchin friar, so called from his birthplace, Coccaglio in Lombardy, date of birth unknown; ...
Cochabamba - (COCABAMBENSIS). The city from which this diocese takes its name is the capital of the ...
Cochem, Martin of - A celebrated German theologian, preacher and ascetic writer, born at Cochem, a small town on ...
Cochin, Diocese of - (COCHINENSIS) on the Malabar coast, India. The diocese was erected and constituted a ...
Cochin, Jacques-Denis - A preacher and philanthropist, born in Paris, 1 January, 1726; died there 3 June, 1783. His ...
Cochin, Pierre-Suzanne-Augustin - Born in Paris, 12 Dec., 1823; died at Versailles, 13 March, 1872. He took an early interest in ...
Cochlæus, Johann - (Properly Dobeneck), surnamed Cochlæus (from cochlea , a snail shell) after his birthplace ...
Cocussus - (Cocusus, Cocussus, Cocusus). A titular see of Armenia. It was a Roman station on the road ...
Codex - The name given to a manuscript in leaf form, distinguishing it from a roll. The codex seems to ...
Codex Alexandrinus - A most valuable Greek manuscript of the Old and New Testaments, so named because it was ...
Codex Amiatinus - The most celebrated manuscript of the Latin Vulgate Bible, remarkable as the best witness to ...
Codex Bezae - (CODEX CANTABRIGIENSIS), one of the five most important Greek New Testament manuscripts, and the ...
Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus - (Symbol C). The last in the group of the four great uncial manuscripts of the Greek Bible, ...
Codex Sinaiticus - (The symbol is the Hebrew character Aleph , though Swete and a few other scholars use the ...
Codex Vaticanus - (CODEX B), a Greek manuscript, the most important of all the manuscripts of Holy Scripture . ...
Codrington, Thomas - (Died 1691?), Catholic divine, chiefly known for his attempt to introduce into England the ...
Coeffeteau, Nicolas - Preacher and controversialist, born 1574, at Château-du-Loir, province of Maine, France ; ...
Coelchu - Also COLGA, COLCU (Latin Colcus ) A distinguished Abbot of the School of Clonmacnoise in ...
Coelde, Theodore - (THEODORE OF MÜNSTER; THEODORE OF OSNABRÜCK; DERICK, DEDERICK, or DIETERICH, CÖLDE) ...
Coemgen, Saint - Abbot of Glendalough, Ireland, b. about 498, the date being very obscure; d. 3 June, 618; son ...
Coenred - ( Or CENRED, also COENRÆD, COINRED, KENRED, and CHRENRED) King of Mercia (reigned ...
Coeur d'Alêne Indians - A small tribe of Salishan stock formerly ranging along the lake and river of the same name in ...
Coffin, Edward - ( Alias HATTON.) An English Jesuit and missionary, born at Exeter, 1570; died 17 April, ...
Coffin, Robert Aston - An ecclesiastical writer and bishop, b. at Brighton, England, 19 July, 1819; d. at Teignmouth, ...
Cogitosus - An Irishman, an author, and a monk of Kildare ; the date and place of his birth and of his ...
Cogolludo, Diego López de - One of the chief historians of Yucatán. His work, the "Historia de Yucatán", which ...
Cohen, Hermann - A Discalced Carmelite (Augustin-Marie of the Blessed Sacrament, generally known as Father ...
Coimbatore, Diocese of - (KOIMBATUR; COIMBATURENSIS). The City of Coimbatore is the capital of the district of ...
Coimbra, Diocese of - (Conimbricensis). In Portugal, suffragan of Braga, in the province of Beira. The cathedral ...
Coimbra, University of - The earliest certain information concerning a university in Portugal dates from 1288, when the ...
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste - I. JEAN-BAPTISTE COLBERT (1619-1683) Marquis de Seignelay, statesman, b. at Rheims, France, 1619; ...
Cole, Henry - A confessor of the Faith, b. at Godshill, Isle of Wight, about 1500; d. in the Fleet Prison, ...
Coleman, Edward - A controversialist, politician, and secretary of the Duchess of York, date of birth unknown; ...
Coleridge, Henry James - A writer and preacher, b. 20 September 1822, in Devonshire, England ; d. at Roehampton, 13 April ...
Colet, John - Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral and founder of St. Paul's School, London ; b. in London, 1467; d. ...
Coleti, Nicola - (COLETTI) Priest and historian, b. at Venice, 1680; d. in the same city, 1765. He studied at ...
Colette, Saint - (Diminutive of NICOLETTA, COLETTA). Founder of Colettine Poor Clares (Clarisses), born 13 ...
Colgan, John - Hagiographer and historian, b. in County Donegal, Ireland, about the beginning of the seventeenth ...
Colima - (COLIMENSIS). The city of Colima, the capital of the State of the same name in Mexico, is ...
Colin, Frédéric-Louis - Superior of the Sulpicians in Canada, b. at Bourges, France, in 1835; d. at Montreal, 27 ...
Colin, Jean-Claude-Marie - A French priest, founder of the Marists, b. at Saint-Bonnet-le-Troncy, now in the Diocese of ...
Coliseum, The - The Coliseum, known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, commenced A.D. 72 by Vespasian, the first of the ...
Collège de France, The - The Collège de France was founded in the interest of higher education by Francis I. He ...
Collado, Diego - A missionary, born in the latter part of the sixteenth century at Miajadas, in the province of ...
Colle de Val d'Elsa - (Collis Hetruscus) Diocese (Collensis), suffragan to Florence. Colle is situated in the ...
Collect - The name now used only for short prayers before the Epistle in the Mass, which occur again at ...
Collectarium - (Sometimes COLLECTARIUS, COLLECTANEUM, ORATIONALE, CAPITULARE), the book which contains the ...
Collections - The offerings of the faithful in their special relation to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass will ...
Collectivism - The term Collectivism is sometimes employed as a substitute for socialism . It is of later ...
College - ( French collège , Italian collegio , Spanish colegio ) The word college , ...
College (in Canon Law) - A collection ( Latin collegium ) of persons united together for a common object so as to ...
College, Apostolic - This term designates The Twelve Apostles as the body of men commissioned by Christ to spread the ...
Colleges, Roman - This article treats of the various colleges in Rome which have been founded under ...
Collegiate - ( Latin collegiatus , from collegium ) An adjective applied to those churches and ...
Colman Mac Lenine, Saint - Saint Colman Mac Lenine, founder and patron of the See of Cloyne, born in Munster, c. 510; died ...
Colman, Saint - Saint Colman, one of the patrons of Austria, was also an Irish saint, who, journeying to ...
Colman, Saint Elo - Famed in Irish hagiology. He was founder and first Abbot of Muckamore, and from the fact of ...
Colman, Saint MacCathbad - Famed in Irish hagiology. He was distinguished as MacCathbad, whence Kilmackevat, County Antrim, ...
Colman, Saint, of Dalaradia - Born in Dalaradia, c. 450; date of death uncertain. His feast is celebrated 7 June. He founded ...
Colman, Saint, of Kilmacduagh - Bishop and patron of Kilmacduagh, born at Kiltartan c. 560; died 29 October, 632. He lived for ...
Colman, Saint, of Mayo - Founder of the Abbey and Diocese of Mayo, born in Connacht, c. 605; died 8 August, 676. He ...
Colman, Saint, of Templeshambo - Saint Colman of Templeshambo was a Connacht saint, and has been confounded with the patron of ...
Colman, Walter - Friar Minor andEnglish martyr : date of birth uncertain; died in London, 1645. He came of noble ...
Colmar, Joseph Ludwig - Bishop of Mainz ; born at Strasburg, 22 June, 1760; died at Mainz, 15 Dec., 1818. After his ...
Cologne - (German KÖLN or CÖLN), German city and archbishopric. THE CITY Cologne, in size the ...
Cologne, University of - Though famous all through the Middle Ages for its cathedral and cloister schools and for ...
Colomba of Rieti, Blessed - Born at Rieti in Umbria, Italy, 1467; died at Perugia, 1501. Blessed Colomba of Rieti is always ...
Colombière, Saint Claude de la - Missionary and ascetical writer, born of noble parentage at Saint-Symphorien-d'Ozon, between ...
Colombia - ( Republic of Colombia ; formerly United States of Colombia ) Colombia forms the ...
Colombo - The Archdiocese of Colombo, situated on the western seaboard of the Island of Ceylon, includes ...
Colombo, Mateo Realdo - Italian anatomist and discoverer of the pulmonary circulation, b. at Cremona in 1516; d. at ...
Colona, Blessed Margaret - Poor Clare, born in Rome, date uncertain; died there, 20 September, 1284. Her parents died in ...
Colonia - A titular see of Armenia. Procopius (De Ædif., III, iv) informs us that Justinian ...
Colonia - A titular see in Armenia Prima. Colonia should be identified with Kara Hissar, chief town of a ...
Colonna - A celebrated family which played an important rôle in Italy during medieval and ...
Colonna, Egidio - (Ægidius a Colonna) A Scholastic philosopher and theologian, b. about the middle of the ...
Colonna, Giovanni Paolo - Born at Bologna, 1637; died in the same city, 28 November, 1695. After studying under Agostino ...
Colonna, Vittoria - Italian poet, born at Marino, 1490; died at Rome, February 25, 1547. She was the daughter of ...
Colonnade - A number of columns symmetrically arranged in one or more rows. It is termed monostyle when of one ...
Colophon - A titular see of Asia Minor. It was one of the twelve Ionian cities, between Lebedos (ruins ...
Colorado - The thirty-fifth, in point of admission, of the United States of America. It lies between the ...
Colossæ - A titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor, suppressed in 1894. Little is known about its history. ...
Colossians, Epistle to the - One of the four Captivity Epistles written by St. Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome ...
Colours, Liturgical - By a law of her liturgy the Church directs that the vestments worn by her sacred ministers, ...
Columba of Sens, Saint - Suffered towards the end of the third century, probably under the Emperor Aurelian. She is said ...
Columba of Terryglass, Saint - A son of Crinthainn and a disciple of St. Finnian of Clonard. When the latter was in extremis , ...
Columba, Saint - Abbot of Iona, b. at Garten, County Donegal, Ireland, 7 December, 521; d. 9 June, 597. He ...
Columba, Saint - A Spanish nun, of whom it is related that she was beheaded by the Moors at the monastery of ...
Columbanus, Saint - Abbot of Luxeuil and Bobbio, born in West Leinster, Ireland, in 543; died at Bobbio, Italy, ...
Columbia University (Oregon) - Portland, Oregon Columbia University, formerly known as Portland University, is located on the ...
Columbus, Christopher - (Italian C RISTOFORO C OLOMBO ; Spanish C RISTOVAL C OLON .) Born at Genoa, or on ...
Columbus, Diocese of - The Diocese of Columbus comprises that part of the State of Ohio, south of 40§41', lying ...
Columbus, Knights of - A fraternal and beneficent society of Catholic men, founded in New Haven, Connecticut, 2 ...
Column - In architecture a round pillar, a cylindrical solid body, or a many-sided prism, the body of which ...
Comacchio - (COMACLENSIS) Diocese ; suffragan of Ravenna. Comacchio is a town in the province of Ferrara ...
Comana - A titular see of Asia Minor. According to ancient geographers, Comana was situated in ...
Comayagua - The Diocese of Comayagua, suffragan to Guatemala, includes the entire Republic of Honduras in ...
Combefis, François - Patrologist, b. November, 1605, at Marmande in Guyenne; d. at Paris, 23 March, 1679. He made his ...
Comboni, Daniel - Missionary, b. 15 March, 1831 in Limone San Giovanni near Brescia, Italy ; d. 10 Oct., 1881, at ...
Comellas y Cluet, Antonio - A philosopher, born at Berga, in the Province of Barcelona, 16 Jan., 1832; died there, 3 June, ...
Comgall, Saint - Founder and abbot of the great Irish monastery at Bangor, flourished in the sixth century. The ...
Commandments of God (The Ten Commandments) - Called also simply THE COMMANDMENTS, COMMANDMENTS OF GOD, or THE DECALOGUE (Gr. deka , ten, ...
Commandments of the Church - We shall consider: I. The nature of the Commandments of the Church in general; II. The history of ...
Commemoration (in Liturgy) - The recital of a part of the Office or Mass assigned to a certain feast or day when the whole ...
Commendatory Abbot - An ecclesiastic, or sometimes a layman, who holds an abbey in commendam, that is, who draws its ...
Commendone, Giovanni Francesco - Cardinal and Papal Nuncio, born at Venice, 17 March, 1523; died at Padua, 26 Dec., 1584 After ...
Commentaries on the Bible - "To write a full history of exegesis ", says Farrar, "would require the space of many volumes." ...
Commines, Philippe de - (Also C OMINES or C OMYNES ). French historian and statesman, b. in Flanders probably ...
Commissariat of the Holy Land - In the Order of Friars Minor the territory or district assigned to a commissary, whose duty it ...
Commissary Apostolic - ( Latin Commissarius Apostolicus ) A commissary is one who has received power from a ...
Commissions, Ecclesiastical - Ecclesiastical Commissions are bodies of ecclesiastics juridically established and to whom are ...
Commodianus - A Christian poet, the date of whose birth is uncertain, but generally placed at about the ...
Commodus - (M ARCUS A URELIUS C OMMODUS A NTONINUS ). Roman Emperor, born 161; died at Rome, 31 ...
Common Life, Brethren of the - A community founded by Geert De Groote , of rich burgher stock, born at Deventer in Gelderland ...
Common Prayer, Book of - I. HISTORY On 21 January, 1549, the first Act of Uniformity was passed imposing upon the whole ...
Common Sense, Philosophy of - The term common sense designates (1) a special faculty, the sensus communis of the ...
Commune, Martyrs of the Paris - The secular priests and the religious who were murdered in Paris, in May 1871, on account of ...
Communicatio Idiomatum - ("Communication of Idioms"). A technical expression in the theology of the Incarnation. It ...
Communion Antiphon - The term Communion ( Communio ) is used, not only for the reception of the Holy Eucharist, but ...
Communion Bench - An adaptation of the sanctuary guard or altar-rail. Standing in front of this barrier, in a ...
Communion of Children - In order to get some insight into the historical aspect of this subject it will be useful to dwell ...
Communion of Saints - ( communo sanctorum , a fellowship of, or with, the saints). The doctrine expressed in the ...
Communion of the Sick - This differs from ordinary Communion as to the class of persons to whom it is administered, as to ...
Communion Rail - The railing which guards the sanctuary and separates the latter from the body of the church. It ...
Communion under Both Kinds - Communion under one kind is the reception of the Sacrament of the Eucharist under the species ...
Communion, Frequent - Without specifying how often the faithful should communicate, Christ simply bids us eat His Flesh ...
Communion, Holy - By Communion is meant the actual reception of the Sacrament of the Eucharist. Ascetic writers ...
Communism - ( Latin communis .) In its more general signification communism refers to any social system ...
Comnena, Anna - Byzantine historian, eldest daughter of Alexius Comnenus, Emperor of Constantinople (1081-1118). ...
Como - DIOCESE OF COMO (COMENSIS). Como is an important town in the province of Lombardy (Northern ...
Compagnie du Saint-Sacrement - A Catholic secret society which included among its members many Catholic celebrities of the ...
Compensation - Compensation, as considered in the present article denotes the price paid for human exertion or ...
Compensation, Occult - An extra-legal manner of recovering from loss or damage; the taking, by stealth and on one's ...
Competency, Privilege of - ( Latin Privilegium Competentiœ ) (1) The competency of a cleric means his right ...
Compiégne, Teresian Martyrs of - Guillotined at the Place du Trône Renversé (now called Place de la Nation), Paris, 17 ...
Compline - The term Complin (Compline) is derived from the Latin completorium , complement, and has been ...
Compostela - A famous city of Spain, situated on an eminence between the Sar (the Sars of Pomponius Mela) ...
Compromise (in Canon Law) - Compromise, in a general sense, is a mutual promise or contract of two parties in controversy to ...
Conal, Saint - (Or Conall). An Irish bishop who flourished in the second half of the fifth century and ...
Conan, Saint - Bishop of the Isle of Man, died January, 684; an Irish missionary, also known as Mochonna. He ...
Concelebration - Concelebration is the rite by which several priests say Mass together, all consecrating the ...
Concepción - (SANCTISSIMÆ CONCEPTIONIS DE CHILE) Located in the Republic of Chile, suffragan to ...
Conceptionists - A branch of the Order of Saint Clare, founded by Beatriz de Silva. Isabel, the daughter of Edward, ...
Conceptualism, Nominalism, Realism - These terms are used to designate the theories that have been proposed as solutions of one of the ...
Conciliation, Industrial - Industrial Conciliation is the discussion and adjustment of mutual differences by employers and ...
Concina, Daniello - Dominican preacher, controversialist and theologian, b. at Clauzetto or San Daniele, small ...
Conclave - [ NOTE: For current procedures regarding the conclave, see Pope John Paul II's 1996 Apostolic ...
Concordances of the Bible - Concordances of the Bible are verbal indexes to the Bible , or lists of Biblical words arranged ...
Concordat - Definition Canonists and publicists do not agree about the nature of a concordat and, ...
Concordat of 1801, The French - This name is given to the convention of the 26th Messidor, year IX (July 16, 1802), whereby Pope ...
Concordia, Diocese of - (CONCORDIA VENETA, or JULIA; CONCORDIENSIS). Suffragan of Venice. Concordia is an ancient ...
Concordia, Diocese of - (CONCORDIENSIS IN AMERICA.) The Diocese of Concordia was erected 2 August, 1887, and is ...
Concubinage - At the present day, the state -- more or less permanent -- of a man and woman living together in ...
Concupiscence - In its widest acceptation, concupiscence is any yearning of the soul for good; in its strict ...
Concursus - Concursus is a special competitive examination prescribed in canon law for all aspirants to ...
Condamine, Charles-Marie de la - Explorer and physicist, b. at Paris, 28 January, 1701; d. there 4 February, 1774. After a brief ...
Condillac, Ettiene Bonnot de - A French philosopher, born at Grenoble, 30 September, 1715; died near Beaugency (Loiret), 3 ...
Condition - ( Latin conditio , from condo , to bring, or put, together; sometimes, on account of a ...
Conecte, Thomas - Carmelite reformer, b. at Rennes towards the end of the fourteenth century; d. at Rome, 1433. ...
Conferences, Ecclesiastical - Ecclesiastical Conferences are meetings of clerics for the purpose of discussing, in general, ...
Confession - ( Latin confessio ). Originally used to designate the burial-place of a confessor or martyr ...
Confession, Lay - This article does not deal with confession by laymen but with that made to laymen, for the ...
Confession, Sacrament of - Penance is a sacrament of the New Law instituted by Christ in which forgiveness of sins ...
Confession, Seal of - In the "Decretum" of the Gratian who compiled the edicts of previous councils and the principles ...
Confessor - (1) Etymology and primitive meaning The word confessor is derived from the Latin confiteri , ...
Confirmation - A sacrament in which the Holy Ghost is given to those already baptized in order to make them ...
Confiteor - The Confiteor.(so called from the first word, confiteor , I confess) is a general confession of ...
Confraternity (Sodality) - ( Latin confraternitas , confratria ) A confraternity or sodality is a voluntary ...
Confraternity of Christian Doctrine - An association established at Rome in 1562 for the purpose of giving religions instruction. Till ...
Confucianism - By Confucianism is meant the complex system of moral, social, political, and religious teaching ...
Congo - (CONGO INDEPENDENT STATE AND CONGO MISSIONS) [EDITOR'S NOTE: The following account of the Congo ...
Congregatio de Auxiliis - A commission established by Pope Clement VIII to settle the theological controversy regarding ...
Congregational Singing - In his Instruction on sacred music , commonly referred to as the Motu Proprio (22 Nov., 1903), ...
Congregationalism - The retention by the Anglican State Church of the prelatical form of government and of many ...
Congregations, Roman - Certain departments have been organized by the Holy See at various times to assist it in the ...
Congresses, Catholic - One of the remarkable and important manifestations of the social and religious life of the ...
Congrua - Congrua (i.e. CONGRUA PORTIO), a canonical term to designate the lowest sum proper for the yearly ...
Congruism - ( congrua , suitable, adapted) Congruism is the term by which theologians denote a theory ...
Conimbricenses - (Or Collegium Conimbricenses). The name by which Jesuits of the University of Coimbra in ...
Coninck, Giles de - (Also called Regius). Jesuit theologian, b. 20 Dec., 1571, at Bailleul in French Flanders ; ...
Connecticut - This State, comprising an area of substantially 5000 square miles, was one of the thirteen ...
Connolly, John - Second Bishop of New York, U.S.A. b. at Slane, Co. Meath, Ireland, 1750; d. New York, 6 ...
Conon, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d., after a long illness, 21 September, 687. The son, seemingly, of an ...
Conrad of Ascoli, Blessed - Friar Minor and missionary, b. at Ascoli in the family of Milliano and from his earliest years ...
Conrad of Hochstadt - (CONRAD OF HOSTADEN) Archbishop of Cologne and Imperial Elector (1238-1261), and son of ...
Conrad of Leonberg - (Leontorius) A Cistercian monk and Humanist, b. at Leonberg in Swabia in 1460; d. at ...
Conrad of Marburg - Confessor of Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia and papal inquisitor, b. at or near Marburg, ...
Conrad of Offida, Blessed - Friar Minor, b. at Offida, a little town in the Order of Friars Minor at Ascoli, and was making ...
Conrad of Piacenza, Saint - Hermit of the Third Order of St. Francis, date of birth uncertain; died at Noto in Sicily, ...
Conrad of Saxony - (Also called CONRADUS SAXO, CONRAD OF BRUNSWICK, or CONRADUS HOLYINGER). Friar Minor and ...
Conrad of Urach - Cardinal-Bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina ; born about 1180; d. 1227. At an early age he became ...
Conrad of Utrecht - Bishop; born in Swabia at an unknown date ; killed at Utrecht, 14 April, 1099. Before becoming ...
Conradin of Bornada - (Or CONRADIN OF BRESCIA) Dominican preacher, b. in the latter part of the fourteenth century; ...
Conry, Florence - Or Florence Conroy; in Irish Flaithri O'Maolconaire (O'Mulconry). Archbishop of Tuam, ...
Consalvi, Ercole - Cardinal and statesman, b. in Rome, 8 June, 1757; d. there, 24 January, 1824. Family His ...
Consanguinity (in Canon Law) - Consanguinity is a diriment impediment of marriage as far as the fourth degree of kinship ...
Conscience - I. THE NAME In English we have done with a Latin word what neither the Latins nor the French have ...
Conscience, Examination of - By this term is understood a review of one's past thoughts, words and actions for the purpose of ...
Conscience, Hendrik - A Flemish novelist, b. at Antwerp, 3 December, 1812; d. at Brussels, 10 September, 1883. His ...
Consciousness - ( Latin conscientia ; Ger. Bewusstsein ) cannot, strictly speaking, be defined. In its widest ...
Consecration - Consecration, in general, is an act by which a thing is separated from a common and profane to a ...
Consent (in Canon Law) - Consent is the deliberate agreement required of those concerned in legal transactions in order to ...
Consentius - The name of a fifth-century Gallo-Roman family, three of whose representatives are known in ...
Conservator - (From Latin conservare ) A Conservator is a judge delegated by the pope to defend certain ...
Consistory, Papal - I. DEFINITION During the Roman imperial epoch the term consistorium ( Latin con-sistere , to ...
Constable, Cuthbert - (Formerly TUNSTALL) Date of birth uncertain; d. 27 March, 1746. He was the son of Francis ...
Constable, John - ( Alias Lacey). Controversialist (pen-name Clerophilus Alethes), b. in Lincolnshire, 10 ...
Constance - (Latin Constantia , German Konstanz or Constanz , Czechic name Kostnitz ). ...
Constance, Council of - A (partly) ecumenical council held at Constance, now in the Grand Duchy of Baden, from 5 ...
Constantia - A titular see of Arabia and suffragan of Bostra. It figures in Hierocles' "Synecdemus" about ...
Constantine (Cirta) - DIOCESE OF CONSTANTINE (CONSTANTINIANA). Comprises the present arrondissement of Constantine in ...
Constantine Africanus - A medieval medical writer and teacher; born c. 1015; died c. 1087. His name, Africanus, comes ...
Constantine the Great - Life His coins give his name as M., or more frequently as C., Flavius Valerius Constantinus. ...
Constantine, Donation of - ( Latin, Donatio Constantini ). By this name is understood, since the end of the Middle ...
Constantine, Pope - Consecrated 25 March, 708; d. 9 April, 715; a Syrian, the son of John, and "a remarkably affable ...
Constantinople - (Greek Konstantinoupolis ; city of Constantine) Capital, formerly of the Byzantine, now of ...
Constantinople, Council of - In the summer of 382 a council of the oriental bishops, convoked by Theodosius, met in the ...
Constantinople, Council of - In 754 the Iconoclast Emperor Constantine V called in the imperial city a council of 338 ...
Constantinople, Council of, in Trullo - This particular council of Constantinople, held in 692 under Justinian II, is generally known as ...
Constantinople, Councils of - For the three Photian synods of 861 (deposition of Ignatius), 867 (attempted deposition of ...
Constantinople, Councils of - In 1639 and 1672 councils were held by the Orthodox Greeks at Constantinople condemnatory of the ...
Constantinople, First Ecumenical Council of - (SECOND GENERAL COUNCIL.) This council was called in May, 381, by Emperor Theodosius, to ...
Constantinople, Fourth Ecumenical Council of - (EIGHTH GENERAL COUNCIL.) The Eighth General Council was opened, 5 October, 869, in the ...
Constantinople, Second Ecumenical Council of - (FIFTH GENERAL COUNCIL). This council was held at Constantinople (5 May-2 June, 553), having ...
Constantinople, The Rite of - ( Also BYZANTINE RITE.) The Liturgies, Divine Office, forms for the administration of ...
Constantinople, Third Ecumenical Council of - (SIXTH GENERAL COUNCIL.) The Sixth General Council was summoned in 678 by Emperor Constantine ...
Constantius, Flavius Julius - Roman emperor (337-361), born in Illyria, 7 Aug., 317; died at the Springs of Mopsus (Mopsokrene ...
Constitutions, Ecclesiastical - The term constitution denotes, in general, the make-up of a body, either physical or moral. ...
Constitutions, Papal - (Latin constituere , to establish, to decree.) Papal Constitutions are ordinations issued ...
Consubstantiation - This heretical doctrine is an attempt to hold the Real Presence of Christ in the Holy ...
Consultors, Diocesan - Diocesan consultors are a certain number of priests in each diocese of the United States who ...
Contant de la Molette, Philippe du - Theologian and Biblical scholar, born at Côte-Saint-André, in Dauphiné, ...
Contarini, Gasparo - Venetian statesman and cardinal, born 16 October, 1483, of an ancient and noble family in ...
Contarini, Giovanni - Italian painter of the Venetian School, born at Venice about 1549; died in 1605. Contarini ...
Contemplation - The idea of contemplation is so intimately connected with that of mystical theology that one ...
Contemplative Life - A life ordered in view of contemplation ; a way of living especially adapted to lead to and ...
Contenson, Vincent - Dominican theologian and preacher, born at Altivillare (Gers), Diocese of Condon, France, 1641; ...
Continence - Continence may be defined as abstinence from even the licit gratifications of marriage. It is a ...
Contingent - ( Latin contingere , to happen) Aside from its secondary and more obvious meaning (as, for ...
Contract - (Latin contractus ; Old French contract ; Modern French contrat ; Italian contratto ). ...
Contract, The Social - Du Contrat Social, ou Principes du droit politique , is the title of a work written by J.J. ...
Contractus, Hermann - (Herimanus Augiensis, Hermann von Reichenau ). Chronicler, mathematician, and poet; b. 18 ...
Contrition - ( Latin contritio --a breaking of something hardened). In Holy Writ nothing is more common ...
Contrition, Imperfect - Attrition or Imperfect Contrition (Latin attero , "to wear away by rubbing"; p. part. ...
Contumacy (in Canon Law) - Contumacy, or contempt of court, is an obstinate disobedience of the lawful orders of a court. ...
Contzen, Adam - Economist and exegete, b. in 1573 (according to Sommervogel in 1575), at Montjoie in the Dutchy ...
Convent - ( Latin conventus ). Originally signified an assembly of Roman citizens in the provinces for ...
Convent Schools (Great Britain) - Convent education is treated here not historically but as it is at the present day, and, by the ...
Conventual and Chapter Mass - As a general rule, churches in which the Divine office is to be said publicly every day must also ...
Conventuals, Order of Friars Minor - This is one of the three separate bodies, forming with the Friars Minor and the Capuchins what ...
Conversano - DIOCESE OF CONVERSANO (CUPERSANENSIS) Suffragan to Bari. Conversano, situated in the province ...
Conversi - Lay brothers in a religious order. The term was originally applied to those who, in adult life, ...
Conversion - (From the classical Latin converto, depon. convertor , whence conversio , change, etc.). ...
Convocation of the English Clergy - The technical name given in the Church of England to what corresponds in some respects to a ...
Conwell, Henry - Second Bishop of Philadelphia, U.S.A. b. at Moneymore, County Derry, Ireland, in 1745; d. at ...
Conza - (C OMPSANA ) Archdiocese with the perpetual administration of Campagna ( Campaniensis ). ...
Cooktown - The Vicariate Apostolic of Cooktown comprises North Queensland, Australia, from 16°30' ...
Coombes, William Henry - Born 8 May, 1767; died 15 November, 1850. He passed his early years at Meadgate, Somersetshire, ...
Copacavana - (Also called COPACABANA) A village of about four hundred people, Indians chiefly, on the shore ...
Cope - (Known in Latin as pluviale or cappa ), a vestment which may most conveniently be described ...
Copenhagen, University of - It was founded by a Bull which Sixtus IV issued 19 June, 1475, at the request of King Christian ...
Copernicus, Nicolaus - Latinized form of Niclas Kopernik, the name of the founder of the heliocentric planetary theory; ...
Coppée, François Edouard Joachim - Poet, dramatist and novelist, b. at Paris, 26 January, 1842; d. 23 May, 1908. His father, a clerk ...
Coptic Literature - Since the publication of the article EGYPT, under which Coptic literature was treated, important ...
Coptic Persecutions - (ACCORDING TO GREEK AND LATIN SOURCES) During the first two centuries the Church of Alexandria ...
Coptic Versions of the Bible - DIALECTS The Coptic language is now recognized in four principal dialects, Bohairic (formerly ...
Coptos - A titular see of Upper Egypt. It was the chief town of the Nomos of Harawî (Two Hawks), ...
Coquart, Claude-Godefroi - Missionary and army chaplain, b. in Pays de Caux, France, 20 February, 1706; d. at Chicoutini, ...
Coracesium - A titular see of Asia Minor. According to Ptolemy (V, 5, 3), this town was not in Cilicia ...
Corbie, Ambrose - (Corby or Corbington). Born near Durham, 7 Dec., 1604; d. at Rome, 11 April, 1649. He was ...
Corbie, Monastery of - (Also CORBEY) A Benedictine abbey in Picardy, in the Diocese of Amiens, dedicated to Sts. ...
Corbie, Venerable Ralph - (Called at times Corrington). Brother of Ambrose Corbie ; martyr - priest, b. 25 March, ...
Corbinian - Bishop of Freising, in Bavaria, born about 680 at Chatres near Melun, France ; died 8 ...
Corcoran, James Andrew - Theologian, editor, and Orientalist, b. at Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. 30 March, 1820; ...
Corcoran, Michael - Soldier, b. at Carrowkeel, County Sligo, Ireland, 21 September, 1827; d. at Fairfax Court House, ...
Cord, Confraternities of the - Pious associations of the faithful, the members of which wear a cord or cincture in honour of ...
Cordara, Guilo Cesare - Historian and littérateur , b. at Alessandra in Piedmont, Italy, 14 Dec., 1704; died ...
Cordell, Charles - English missionary priest, b. 5 October, 1720; d. at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 26 January, 1791. He was ...
Cordier, Balthasar - (Corderius) Exegete and editor of patristic works, b. at Antwerp, 7 June, 1592; d. at Rome, ...
Cordova - DIOCESE OF CORDOVA (CORDUBENSIS) Diocese in Spain, formerly suffragan of Toledo, since 1851 ...
Cordova - (CORDUBENSIS IN AMERICA). Diocese in the Argentine Republic, suffragan of Buenos Aires. It was ...
Cordova, Juan de - Born 1503, at Cordova in Andalusia, Spain, of noble parents ; d. 1595 at Oaxaca, Mexico. It ...
Cordova, Pedro de - Born at Cordova, Andalusia, Spain, about 1460; died on the Island of Santo Domingo, 1525. He ...
Core, Dathan, and Abiron - Leaders of a revolt against Moses and Aaron ( Numbers 16 ). Core was the son of Isaar, of ...
Corea - Vicariate apostolic, coextensive with the Empire of Corea; it was created a distinct vicariate ...
Corfu - ARCHDIOCESE OF CORFU. Corfu is one of the Ionian Islands, at the entrance of the Adriatic, ...
Coria - (C AURIA ; C AURIENSIS ) Diocese in Spain, suffragan of Toledo; it includes nearly the ...
Corinth - (CORINTHUS) A titular archiepiscopal see of Greece. The origin of Corinth belongs to ...
Corinthians, Epistles to the - INTRODUCTORY St. Paul Founds the Church at Corinth St. Paul's first visit to Europe is ...
Coriolis, Gaspard-Gustave de - French mathematician, born at Paris, in 1792; died in the same city, 1843. He entered the Ecole ...
Cork, Diocese of - (Corcagia, Corcagiensis). In Ireland, suffragan of Cashel. St. Finbarr was the founder and ...
Cork, School of - The monastic School of Cork had a wide reputation, especially in the seventh and eighth ...
Corker, Maurus - An English Benedictine, born in 1636 in Yorkshire; died 22 December, 1715, at Paddington near ...
Cormac MacCuilenan - (836-908). An Irish bishop and King of Cashel, Cormac MacCquilenan was of the race of ...
Cornaro, Elena Lucrezia Piscopia - A learned Italian woman of noble descent, born at Venice, 5 June, 1646; died at Padua, 26 July, ...
Corneille, Jean-Baptiste - French painter, etcher, and engraver, b. at Paris between 1646 and 1649; d. there, 12 April, ...
Corneille, Michel, the Elder - French painter, etcher, and engraver, b. in Orléans about 1601; d. at Paris, 1664. He was ...
Corneille, Michel, the Younger - French painter, etcher and engraver, b. in Paris in 1642; d. at the Gobelins manufactory at ...
Corneille, Pierre - A French dramatist, b. at Rouen, 6 June, 1606; d. at Paris, 1 October, 1684. His father, Pierre ...
Cornelisz, Jacob - Also called Jacob van Amsterdam or van Oostzann, and at times confounded with a Walter van ...
Cornelius - ( Kornelios ) A centurion of the Italic cohort, whose conversion at Cæsarea with his ...
Cornelius and Companions, Ven. John - John Cornelius (called also Mohun) was born of Irish parents at Bodmin, in Cornwall, on the ...
Cornelius Cornelii a Lapide - (Cornelis Cornelissen van den Steen) Flemish Jesuit and exegete, b. at Bocholt, in Flemish ...
Cornelius, Peter - Later when ennobled, VON C ORNELIUS Born at Düsseldorf, 23 September, 1783; died at ...
Cornelius, Pope - Martyr (251 to 253). We may accept the statement of the Liberian catalogue that he reigned two ...
Cornely, Karl Josef Rudolph - German biblical scholar and Jesuit, b. 19 April, 1830, at Breyell in Germany ; d. at Treves, 3 ...
Corner Stone - (Foundation Stone) A rite entitled "De benedictione et impositione Primarii Lapidis pro ...
Cornet, Nicolas - French theologian, born at Amiens, 1572; died at Paris, 1663. He studied at the Jesuit college ...
Cornice - A cornice is the uppermost division of the entablature, the representative of the roof, of an ...
Cornillon, Abbey of - Founded by Albero, Bishop of Liège, in 1124, three years after St. Norbert had formed ...
Cornoldi, Giovanni Maria - Professor, author, and preacher, born at Venice, 29 Sept., 1822; d. at Rome, 18 Jan., 1892. He ...
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de - Explorer, b. at Salamanca, Spain, 1510; d. in Mexico, 1553. He went to Mexico before 1538, and is ...
Coronation - The subject will be treated under the following headings: (I) The Emperors at Constantinople; ...
Coronel, Gregorio Nuñez - A distinguished theologian, writer, and preacher, b. in Portugal, about 1548; d. about 1620. At ...
Coronel, Juan - Born 1569, in Spain ; died 1651, at Mérida, Mexico. He made his academic studies at the ...
Corporal - (From Latin corpus , body). A square white linen cloth, now usually somewhat smaller than ...
Corporation - ( Latin corpus , a body) A corporation is an association recognized by civil law and ...
Corporation Act of 1661 - The Corporation Act of 1661 belongs to the general category of test acts, designed for the ...
Corpus Christi, Feast of - (Feast of the Body of Christ) This feast is celebrated in the Latin Church on the Thursday ...
Corpus Juris Canonici - I. DEFINITION The term corpus here denotes a collection of documents; corpus juris , a ...
Correction, Fraternal - Fraternal correction is here taken to mean the admonishing of one's neighbor by a private ...
Correctories - Correctories are the text-forms of the Latin Vulgate resulting from the critical emendation as ...
Corrigan, Michael - Third Archbishop of New York, b. 13 August, 1839, at Newark, New Jersey , d. at New York, 5 ...
Corrigan, Sir Dominic - Physician, b. 1802, in Dublin, Ireland ; d. there, 1880; distinguished for his original ...
Corsica - The third island of the Mediterranean in point of size, only Sicily and Sardinia being of ...
Corsini, Saint Andrew - Of the illustrious Corsini family ; born in Florence, in 1302; died 1373. Wild and dissolute in ...
Cortés, Hernando - Conqueror of Mexico, born at Medellin in Spain c. 1485; died at Castilleja de la Cuesta near ...
Cortese, Giovanni Andrea - (His name in the Benedictine Order was Gregorio). Cardinal and monastic reformer, b. 1483 ...
Cortona - DIOCESE OF CORTONA (CORTONENSIS) Immediately subject to the Holy See . Cortona is a small ...
Corvey, Abbey of - (Also called N EW C ORBIE ) A Benedictine monastery in the Diocese of Paderborn, in ...
Corycus - A titular see of Cilicia Trachæa in Asia Minor. It was the port of Seleucia, where, in ...
Corydallus - A titular see of Asia Minor. Korydallos, later also Korydalla, was a city in Lycia. In Roman ...
Cosa, Juan de la - Navigator and cartographer, according to tradition b. in 1460 at Sta. Maria del Puerto (Santona), ...
Cosenza - (COSENTINA). An archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See. Cosenza is a city in the ...
Cosgrove, Henry - Second Bishop of Davenport, Iowa, U.S.A. born 19 December, 1834, at Williamsport, ...
Cosin, Edmund - (The name is also written COSYN.) Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University , England. The ...
Cosmas - (Called HAGIOPOLITES or COSMAS OF JERUSALEM). A hymn-writer of the Greek Church in the eighth ...
Cosmas and Damian, Saints - Early Christian physicians and martyrs whose feast is celebrated on 27 September. They were ...
Cosmas Indicopleustes - (COSMAS THE INDIAN VOYAGER) A Greek traveller and geographer of the first half of the sixth ...
Cosmas of Prague - Bohemian historian, b. about 1045, at Prague, Bohemia ; d. there, 21 October, 1125. He belonged ...
Cosmati Mosaic - (Greek kosmos ) A peculiar style of inlaid ornamental mosaic introduced into the ...
Cosmogony - By this term is understood an account of how the universe ( cosmos ) came into being ( gonia ...
Cosmology - ORIGIN OF COSMOLOGY METHOD DIVISION OF COSMOLOGY The first cause of the material ...
Cossa, Francesco - Known sometimes as DEL COSSA, Italian painter of the school of Ferrara, b. about 1430; d. ...
Costa Rica - A narrow isthmus between Panama in the east and the Republic of Nicaragua in the north, the ...
Costa, Lorenzo - Ferrarese painter, b. at Ferrara in 1460; d. at Mantua in 1535. He is believed to have been a ...
Costadoni, Giovanni Domenico - Frequently known as Dom Anselmo, his name in religion, an Italian Camaldolese monk, historian, and ...
Coster, Francis - Theologian, born at Mechlin, 16 June, 1532 (1531); died at Brussels, 16 December, 1619. He was ...
Costume, Clerical - To discuss the question of ecclesiastical costume in any detail would be impossible in an ...
Cosway, Maria - Miniature-painter, born in Florence, Italy, 1759; died at Lodi, 5 January, 1838. Her maiden name ...
Cotelier, Jean-Baptiste - (COTELERIUS) Patristic scholar and theologian, born December, 1629, at Nîmes ; died 19 ...
Cotenna - A titular see of Asia Minor. Strabo (XII, 570) mentions the Katenneis in Pisidia adjoining ...
Cotiæum - A titular see of Asia Minor. Kotiaion according to its coins, better Cotyaion, the city of ...
Coton, Pierre - A celebrated French Jesuit, born 7 March, 1564, at Néronde in Forez; died 19 March, 1626, ...
Cotrone - (COTRONENSIS) Cotrone is a suffragan diocese of Reggio. Cotrone is a city of the province of ...
Cottam, Blessed Thomas - Martyr, born 1549, in Lancashire; executed at Tyburn, 30 May, 1582. His parents, Laurence cottam ...
Coucy, Robert De - A medieval French master-builder and son of a master-builder of the same name, born at Reims ...
Coudert, Frederick René - Born in New York, 1 March, 1832; died at Washington, D. C., 20 December, 1903. He graduated from ...
Councils, Ecumenical - This subject will be treated under the following heads: Definition Classification ...
Councils, General - This subject will be treated under the following heads: Definition Classification ...
Councils, Plenary - A canonical term applied to various kinds of ecclesiastical synods. The word itself, derived from ...
Counsels, Evangelical - ( Or COUNSELS OF PERFECTION). Christ in the Gospels laid down certain rules of life and ...
Counter-Reformation, The - The subject will be considered under the following heads: I. Significance of the term II. Low ebb ...
Counterpoint - (Latin contrapunctum ; German Kontrapunkt ; French contrepoint ; Italian contrapunto ). ...
Court (in Scripture) - I. OPEN SPACE The word court , in the English Bible, corresponds to the Hebrew haçer ...
Courtenay, William - Archbishop of Canterbury, born in the parish of St. Martin's, Exeter, England, c. 1342; died ...
Courts, Ecclesiastical - I. JUDICIAL POWER IN THE CHURCH In instituting the Church as a perfect society, distinct from ...
Cousin, Germain, Saint - Born in 1579 of humble parents at Pibrac, a village about ten miles from Toulouse ; died in ...
Cousin, Jean - French painter, sculptor, etcher, engraver, and geometrician, born at Soucy, near Sens, 1500; ...
Coussemaker, Charles-Edmond-Henride - French historian of music, b. at Bailleul, department of Nord, France, 19 April, 1805; d. at ...
Coustant, Pierre - A learned Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, b. at Compiègne, France, 30 ...
Coustou, Nicholas - French sculptor, b. at Lyons, 9 January, 1658; d. at Paris, 1 May, 1733. He was the son of a ...
Coutances - Diocese of Coutances (Constantiensis) The Diocese of Coutances comprises the entire department of ...
Couturier, Louis-Charles - Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Pierre at Solesmes and President of the French ...
Covarruvias, Diego - (Or COVARRUBIAS Y LEYVA) Born in Toledo, Spain, 25 July, 1512; died in Madrid, 27 Sept., ...
Covenant, Ark of the - The Hebrew aron , by which the Ark of the Covenant is expressed, does not call to the mind, as ...
Covenanters - The name given to the subscribers (practically the whole Scottish nation) of the two Covenants, ...
Covetousness - Generally, an unreasonable desire for what we do not possess. In this sense, it differs from ...
Covington - (COVINGTONENSIS) Comprises that part of Kentucky, U. S. A., lying east of the Kentucky ...
Cowl - ( koukoulion, cucullus, cuculla, cucullio. -- Ducange, "Gloss.", s.v.). A hood worn in ...
Coxcie, Michiel - Flemish painter, imitator of Raphael, known as the Flemish Raphael ; b. at Mechlin, 1499; d. ...
Coysevox, Charles-Antoine - A distinguished French sculptor, b. at Lyons, 29 Sept., 1640; d. at Paris, 10 Oct., 1720; he ...
Cozza, Lorenzo - Friar Minor, cardinal, and theologian, b. at San Lorenzo near Bolsena, 31 March, 1654; d. at Rome, ...
Cozza-Luzi, Giuseppe - Italian savant, Abbot of the Basilian monastery of Grottaferrata near Rome ; b. 24 Dec., ...
Crépieul, François - Jesuit missionary in Canada and vicar Apostolic for the Montagnais Indians; b. at Arras, ...
Crétin, Joseph - First Bishop of St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A. b. at Montluel, department of Ain, France, 19 ...
Crétineau-Joly, Jacques - Journalist and historian; b. at Fontenay-le-Comte, Vendee, France, 23 Sept., 1803; d. at Vincennes ...
Crèvecoeur, Hector St. John de - A French agriculturist, b. at Caen, France, 1731; d. at Sarcelles, near Paris, 1813. At the age of ...
Cracow - ( Polish Krakow ; Latin Cracoviensis ). The Prince-Bishopric that comprises the western ...
Cracow, The University of - The first documentary evidence regarding the scheme that King Casimir the Great conceived of ...
Craigie, Pearl Mary Teresa - Better known, under the pseudonym which first won her fame, as JOHN OLIVER HOBBES. English ...
Crashaw, Richard - Poet, Cambridge scholar and convert ; d. 1649. The date of his birth is uncertain. All that ...
Crasset, Jean - Ascetical writer, b. at Dieppe, France, 3 January, 1618; d. at Paris, 4 January, 1692. He entered ...
Craven, Augustus, Mrs. - (PAULINE-MARIE-ARMANDE-AGLAE-FERRON DE LA FERRONNAYS). Born 12 April, 1808, in London ; died ...
Crawford, Francis Marion - Novelist, b. of American parents at Bagni di Lucca, Italy, 2 Aug., 1854; died at his home near ...
Crayer, Gaspar de - Flemish painter, b. at Antwerp, 1582; d. at Ghent, 1669. He was a pupil of Raphael van Coxcie, ...
Creagh, Richard - Archbishop of Armagh, Ireland, b. at Limerick early in the sixteenth century; d. in the Tower ...
Creation - (Latin creatio .) I. DEFINITION Like other words of the same ending, the term creation ...
Creation, Six Days of - Hexaemeron signifies a term of six days, or, technically, the history of the six days' work of ...
Creationism - ( Latin creatio ). (1) In the widest sense, the doctrine that the material of the universe ...
Credence - (Or Credence-Table). A small table of wood, marble, or other suitable material placed within ...
Credi, Lorenzo di - Florentine painter, b. at Florence, 1459; d. there, 1537. Vasari gives his family name as ...
Cree - (A contraction of Cristino or Kenisteno, their Ojibwa name, of uncertain meaning; they commonly ...
Creed - (Latin credo , I believe). In general, a form of belief. The work, however, as applied to ...
Creed, Apostles' - A formula containing in brief statements, or "articles," the fundamental tenets of Christian ...
Creed, Liturgical Use of - The public use of creeds began in connection with baptism, in the Traditio and Redditio ...
Creed, Nicene - As approved in amplified form at the Council of Constantinople (381), it is the profession of the ...
Creeks - An important confederacy of Indian tribes and tribal remnants, chiefly of Muskogian stock, ...
Creighton University - An institution located at Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.A. and conducted by the Jesuit Fathers. It ...
Crelier, Henri-Joseph - Swiss Catholic priest, Hebrew scholar and Biblical exegete ; b. at Bure, 16 October, 1816; d. at ...
Crema, Diocese of - (CREMENSIS.) Suffragan to Milan. Crema is a ciy of the province of Cremona, Lombardy, ...
Cremation - I. HISTORY The custom of burning the bodies of the dead dates back to very early times. The ...
Cremona - DIOCESE OF CREMONA (CREMONENSIS) Suffragan of Milan. Cremona is a city (31,661 in 1901) in ...
Crescens - Crescens, a companion of St. Paul during his second Roman captivity, appears but once in the New ...
Crescentia, Modestus, and Vitus, Saints - According to the legend, martyrs under Diocletian ; feast, 15 June. The earliest testimony for ...
Crescentius - The name of several leaders of the Roman aristocracy in the tenth century, during their ...
Crescimbeni, Giovanni Mario - Italian historian of literature, chronicler, and poet, b. in Macerata, 9 Oct., 1663; d. 8 March ...
Cresconius - (Or CRISCONIUS) A Latin canonist of uncertain date and place, flourished probably in the ...
Cressy, Hugh Paulinus Serenus - Doctor of Theology and English Benedictine monk, b. at Thorpe-Salvin, Yorkshire, about 1605; d. ...
Creswell, Joseph - ( vere Arthur) Controversialist, b. 1557 of Yorkshire stock in London ; d. about 1623. His ...
Crib - (Greek phatne ; Latin praesepe, praesepium .) The crib or manger in which the Infant ...
Crime, Impediment of - An Impediment of Crime nullifies marriage according to ecclesiastical law, and arises from ...
Crisium - A Græco-Slavonic Rite diocese in Croatia. Crisium is the Latin name of a little town some ...
Crispin and Crispinian, Saints - Martyrs of the Early Church who were beheaded during the reign of Diocletian ; the date of ...
Crispin of Viterbo, Blessed - Friar Minor Capuchin ; b. at Viterbo in 1668; d. at Rome, 19 May, 1750. When he was five years ...
Crispin, Milo - Monk, and cantor of the Benedictine Abbey of Bec ; wrote the lives of five of its abbots : ...
Crispina, Saint - A martyr of Africa who suffered during the Diocletian persecution ; b. at Thagara in the ...
Criticism, Higher - Overview Biblical criticism in its fullest comprehension is the examination of the literary ...
Criticism, Historical - Historical criticism is the art of distinguishing the true from the false concerning facts of ...
Criticism, Textual - The object of textual criticism is to restore as nearly as possible the original text of a work ...
Crivelli, Carlo - Italian painter. Little is known of his life, and his b. and d. are usually reckoned by his ...
Croagh Patrick - A mountain looking out on the Atlantic ocean from the southern shore of Clew Bay, in the County ...
Croatia - With Slavonia, an autonomous state. It is bounded on the north by the Danube and the Drave; on the ...
Croce, Giovanni - Composer, b. at Chioggia near Venice in 1557; d. 15 May, 1609. Under the tutelage at Venice ...
Crockett, Venerable Ralph - English martyr, b. at Barton, near Farndon, Cheshire; executed at Chichester, 1 October, 1588. ...
Croia - A titular see of Albania. Croia (pronounced Kruya, Albanian, "Spring") stands on the site of ...
Croke, Thomas William - Archbishop of Cashel, Ireland, b. near Mallow, Co. Cork, 24 May, 1824; d. at Thurles, 22 July, ...
Crolly, William - Archbishop of Armagh, b. at Ballykilbeg, near Downpatrick, 8 June, 1780; d. 6 April, 1849. At ...
Cronan - Name of several Irish saints. St. Cronan Mochua Founder of the See of Balla, subsequently ...
Crosier - (Or PASTORAL STAFF). The crosier is an ecclesiastical ornament which is conferred on bishops ...
Crosiers, The - ( Or Canons Regular of the Holy Cross). A religious order, founded by Théodore de ...
Cross and Crucifix in Archæology - I. PRIMITIVE CRUCIFORM SIGNS The sign of the cross, represented in its simplest form by a ...
Cross and Crucifix in Liturgy - (1) Material Objects in Liturgical Use ; (2) Liturgical Forms connected with Them ; (3) ...
Cross of Jesus, Brothers of the - A congregation founded in 1820 at Lyons, France, by Father C.M. Bochard, Doctor of the Sorbonne, ...
Cross, Daughters of the - A Belgian religious congregation founded in 1833 at Liège, by Jean-Guillaume Habets, ...
Cross, Daughters of the - (Also called the Sisters of St. Andrew). The aim of this congregation is to instruct poor ...
Cross, Daughters of the Holy - A French institute. The first steps towards the foundation of this society were taken in 1625 ...
Cross, Sign of the - A term applied to various manual acts, liturgical or devotional in character, which have this at ...
Cross, The True - (AND REPRESENTATIONS OF IT AS OBJECTS OF DEVOTION). (1) Growth Of the Christian Cult ; (2) ...
Cross-Bearer - The cleric or minister who carries the processional cross, that is, a crucifix provided with a ...
Crotus, Johann - (Properly Johannes Jäger, hence often called VENATOR, "hunter", but more commonly, in ...
Crown of Thorns - Although Our Saviour's Crown of Thorns is mentioned by three Evangelists and is often alluded ...
Crown of Thorns, Feast of the - The first feast in honour of the Crown of Thorns ( Festum susceptionis coronae Domini ) was ...
Crown, Franciscan - ( Or Seraphic Rosary.) A Rosary consisting of seven decades in commemoration of the seven ...
Croyland, Abbey of - (Or Crowland.) A monastery of the Benedictine Order in Lincolnshire, sixteen miles from ...
Crucifix and Cross in Archæology - I. PRIMITIVE CRUCIFORM SIGNS The sign of the cross, represented in its simplest form by a ...
Crucifix and Cross in Liturgy - (1) Material Objects in Liturgical Use ; (2) Liturgical Forms connected with Them ; (3) ...
Crucifix, Altar - The crucifix is the principal ornament of the altar. It is placed on the altar to recall to the ...
Cruelty to Animals - Pagan antiquity The first ethical writers of pagan antiquity to advocate the duty of kindness ...
Cruet - A small vessel used for containing the wine and water required for the Holy Sacrifice of the ...
Crusade, Bull of the - A Bull granting indulgences to those who took part in the wars against the infidels. These ...
Crusades - The Crusades were expeditions undertaken, in fulfilment of a solemn vow, to deliver the Holy ...
Crutched Friars - (Or Crossed Friars). An order of mendicant friars who went to England in the thirteenth ...
Cruz, Ramón de la - Poet, b. at Madrid, Spain, 28 March, 1731; d. in the same city, 4 November, 1795. He was for a ...
Crypt - (Or LOWER CHURCH). The word originally meant a hidden place, natural or artificial, suitable ...
Csanád - The Diocese of Csanád includes the counties of Temes, Torontál, ...
Cuba - Cuba, "The Pearl of the Antilles", is the largest and westernmost island of the West Indies. Its ...
Cuenca - DIOCESE OF CUENCA (CONCA IN INDIIS). A suffragan of Quito, in the Republic of Ecuador, South ...
Cuenca - (Conca) Diocese in Spain, suffragan of Toledo. The episcopal city (10,756) is also the ...
Cuernavaca - DIOCESE OF CUERNAVACA (CUERNAVACENSIS). The Diocese of Cuernavaca, erected 23 June, 1891, ...
Cueva, Juan de la - Poet and dramatist, b. of a noble family at Seville, Spain, in 1550, d. in 1607. Little is ...
Culdees - A word so frequently met with in histories of the medieval Churches of Ireland and Scotland, ...
Cullen, Paul - Cardinal, Archbishop of Dublin, born at Prospect, Co. Kildare, Ireland, 29 April, 1803; died at ...
Culm - A bishopric in the north-eastern part of Prussia, founded in 1234, suffragan to Gnessen. The ...
Cult, Disparity of - ( Disparitas Cultus ) A diriment impediment introduced by the Church to safeguard the ...
Cummings, Jeremiah Williams - Publicist, b. in Washington, U.S.A. , April, 1814; d. at New York , 4 January, 1866. His ...
Cuncolim, Martyrs of - On Monday, 25 July, 1583 (N.S.), the village of Cuncolim in the district of Salcete, territory of ...
Cunegundes, Blessed - Poor Clare and patroness of Poland and Lithuania ; born in 1224; died 24 July, 1292, at ...
Cuneo, Diocese of - (CUNEENSIS). Suffragan to Turin. Cuneo is the capital of the province of that name in ...
Cuoq, André-Jean - Philologist, b. at LePuy, France, 1821; d. at Oka near Montreal, 1898. Jean Cuoq entered the ...
Cupola - A spherical ceiling, or a bowl-shaped vault, rising like an inverted cup over a circular, square, ...
Curé d'Ars - Curé of Ars, born at Dardilly, near Lyons, France, on 8 May, 1786; died at Ars, 4 ...
Cura Animarum - ( Latin cura animarum ), technically, the exercise of a clerical office involving the ...
Curaçao - Vicariate apostolic ; includes the islands of the Dutch West Indies: Curaçao, Bonaire, ...
Curate - ( Latin curatus , from cura , care) Literally, one who has the cure (care) or charge of ...
Curator - ( Latin curare ). A person legally appointed to administer the property of another, who ...
Cure of Souls - ( Latin cura animarum ), technically, the exercise of a clerical office involving the ...
Curia, Roman - Strictly speaking, the ensemble of departments or ministries which assist the sovereign pontiff ...
Curityba do Parana - (CURYTUBENSIS DE PARANA) Diocese ; suffragan of São Sebastião (Rio de Janeiro), ...
Curium - A titular see of Cyprus, suppressed in 1222 by the papal legate, Pelagius. Koureus, son of ...
Curley, James - An astronomer, b. at Athleague, County Roscommon, Ireland, 26 October, 1796; d. at Georgetown, ...
Curr, Joseph - A priest, controversialist and martyr of charity, b. at Sheffield, England, in the last quarter ...
Curry, John - Doctor of medicine and Irish historian, b. in Dublin in the first quarter of the eighteenth ...
Cursing - In its popular acceptation cursing is often confounded, especially in the phrase "cursing and ...
Cursor Mundi - (THE RUNNER OF THE WORLD) A Cursor Mundi is a Middle-English poem of nearly 30,000 lines ...
Cursores Apostolici - Cursores Apostolici is the Latin title of the ecclesiastical heralds or pursuivants pertaining ...
Curtain, Altar - Formerly, in most basilicas, cathedrals, and large churches a large structure in the form of a ...
Curubis - A titular see of Africa Proconsularis. The town was fortified about 46 B.C. by P. Attius ...
Cusæ - A titular see of Egypt. The Coptic name of this town was Kõskõ; in Greek it ...
Cush - ep>(Son of Cham; Douay Version, Chus ) Cush, like the other names of the ethnological table ...
Cuspinian, Johannes - (Properly SPIESHAYM or SPIESHAM) Distinguished humanist and statesman, born at Schweinfurt, ...
Custom (in Canon Law) - A custom is an unwritten law introduced by the continuous acts of the faithful with the consent ...
Custos - (1) An under-sacristan. (See S ACRISTAN .) (2) A superior or an official in the Franciscan ...
Cuthbert - Abbot of Wearmouth ; a pupil of the Venerable Bede (d. 735). He was a native of Durham, but ...
Cuthbert - Date of birth not known; died 25 October, 758. He is first heard of as Abbot of Liminge, Kent. ...
Cuthbert, Saint - Bishop of Lindisfarne, patron of Durham, born about 635; died 20 March, 687. His emblem is the ...
Cuyabá - (CUYABENSIS) Diocese ; suffragan of São Sebastião (Rio de Janeiro) , Brazil. ...
Cuyo, Virgin of - (At Mendoza, Argentine Republic ). Historians tell us that the statue of the Virgin of ...
Cuzco, Diocese of - (Cuzcensis). Suffragan of Lima, Peru. The city of Cuzco, capital of the department of the same ...
Cybistra - A titular see of Cappadocia in Asia Minor. Ptolemy (5, 7, 7) places this city in Lycaonia; ...
Cyclades - A group of islands in the Ægean Sea. The ancients called by this name only Delos and eleven ...
Cydonia - A titular see of Crete. According to old legends Cydonia (or Kydonia) was founded by King ...
Cyme - A titular see of Asia Minor. Kyme (Doric, Kyma) was a port on the Kymaios Kolpos (Tchandarli ...
Cynewulf - That certain Anglo-Saxon poems still extant were written by one Cynewulf is beyond dispute, for ...
Cynic School of Philosophy - The Cynic School, founded at Athens about 400 B.C., continued in existence until about 200 B.C. ...
Cyprian and Justina, Saints - Christians of Antioch who suffered martyrdom during the persecution of Diocletian at ...
Cyprian of Carthage, Saint - (Thaschus Cæcilius Cyprianus). Bishop and martyr. Of the date of the saint's birth ...
Cyprian of Toulon, Saint - Bishop of Toulon, born at Marseilles in 476; died 3 October, 546. He was the favourite pupil of ...
Cyprus - An island in the Eastern Mediterranean, at the entrance of the Gulf of Alexandretta. It was ...
Cyrenaic School of Philosophy - The Cyrenaic School of Philosophy, so called from the city of Cyrene, in which it was founded, ...
Cyrene - A titular see of Northern Africa. The city was founded early in the seventh century B.C. by a ...
Cyril and Methodius, Saints - (Or CONSTANTINE and METHODIUS). These brothers, the Apostles of the Slavs, were born in ...
Cyril of Alexandria, Saint - Doctor of the Church. St. Cyril has his feast in the Western Church on the 28th of January; in ...
Cyril of Constantinople, Saint - General of the Carmelites, d. about 1235. All that is known is that he was prior of Mount ...
Cyril of Jerusalem, Saint - Bishop of Jerusalem and Doctor of the Church, born about 315; died probably 18 March, 386. In ...
Cyrrhus - A titular see of Syria. The city of the same name was the capital of the extensive district of ...
Cyrus and John, Saints - Celebrated martyrs of the Coptic Church, surnamed thaumatourgoi anargyroi because they healed ...
Cyrus of Alexandria - A Melchite patriarch of that see in the seventh century, and one of the authors of Monothelism ...
Cyzicus - A titular see of Asia Minor, metropolitan of the ancient ecclesiastical province of ...
Czech Literature - The Czech or Bohemian language is spoken by that branch of the Indo-European Slavs who settled ...

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