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Volume R in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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452 R entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Râle, Sebastian - Missionary, martyr, b. at Pontarlier, Diocese of Besançoison, 20 Jan., 1654 (?); shot by ...
Räss, Andreas - Bishop of Strasburg, b. at Sigolsheim in upper Alsace, 6 April, 1794; d. at Strasburg, 17 ...
Régis, Jean-Baptiste - Born at Istres, Provence, 11 June, 1663, or 29 Jan., 1664; died at Peking, 24 Nov., 1738. He was ...
Régis, Pierre Sylvain - Born at La Salvetat de Blanquefort, near Agen, in 1632; died in Paris, in 1707. After his ...
Rabanus, Blessed Maurus Magnentius - ( Also Hrabanus, Reabanus). Abbot of Fulda, Archbishop of Mainz, celebrated theological ...
Rabbi and Rabbinism - The special condition which prevailed in Palestine after the Restoration led to the gradually ...
Rabbulas - Bishop of Edessa and, in the later years of his life, one of the foremost opponents of ...
Rabelais, François - The life of this celebrated French writer is full of obscurities. He was born at Chinon in ...
Raccolta - ( Italian "a collection") A book containing prayers and pious exercises to which the popes ...
Race, Human - Mankind exhibits differences which have been variously interpreted. Some consider them so great ...
Race, Negro - The term negro , derived from the Spanish and the Latin words meaning "black" ( negro; niger ...
Rachel - Rachel ("a ewe"), daughter of Laban and younger sister of Lia. The journey of Jacob to the ...
Racine, Jean - Dramatist, b. a La Ferté-Milon, in the old Duchy of Valois, 20 Dec., 1639; d. in Paris, ...
Rader, Matthew - Philologist and historian, born at Innichen in the Tyrol in 1561; died at Munich, 22 December, ...
Radewyns, Florens - Co-founder of the Brethren of the Common Life , b. at Leyderdam, near Utrecht, about 1350; d. at ...
Radowitz, Joseph Maria von - Born at Blankenburg, 6 February, 1797; died at Berlin, 25 December, 1853. Radowitz was of ...
Radulph of Rivo - (or OF TONGRES; RADULPH VAN DER BEEKE) An historian and liturgist, born at Breda, in Dutch ...
Raffeix, Pierre - Missionary, born at Clermont, 1633; died at Quebec, 1724. He entered the Society of Jesus in ...
Ragueneau, Paul - Jesuit missionary, b. in Paris, 18 March, 1608; d. 8 Sept., 1680. He entered the Society in ...
Ragusa - DIOCESE OF RAGUSA (EPIDAURUS; RAGUSINA). A bishopric in Dalmatia, suffragan of Zara. The ...
Raich, Johann Michael - Catholic theologian, born at Ottobeuren in Bavaria, 17 January, 1832; died at Mainz, 28 March, ...
Rail, Altar - The railing which guards the sanctuary and separates the latter from the body of the church. It ...
Raimondi, Marcantonio - Engraver, b. at Bologna, 1475 (1480?); d. there, 1530 (1534?). He studied under the goldsmith and ...
Rainald of Dassel - Born probably not before 1115; died in Italy, 14 August, 1167. A younger son of a rich Saxon ...
Rajpootana - Prefecture Apostolic in India, attached to the Province of Agra, comprises approximately the ...
Ralph Crockett, Venerable - English martyr, b. at Barton, near Farndon, Cheshire; executed at Chichester, 1 October, 1588. ...
Ralph Milner, Venerable - Layman and martyr, born at Flacsted, Hants, England, early in the sixteenth century; suffered ...
Ralph Sherwin, Blessed - English martyr, born 1550 at Rodesley, near Longford, Derbyshire; died at Tyburn, 1 December, ...
Ram, Pierre François Xavier de - Born at Louvain 2 Sept., 1804; died there 14 May, 1865; Belgian historian and rector of the ...
Ramatha - A titular see in Palestine, suppressed in 1884 by the Roman Curia . It was never an episcopal ...
Rambler, The - A Catholic periodical (not of course to be confused with the older "Rambler", published a ...
Rameau, Jean-Philippe - Musician, b. at Dijon, Burgundy, 25 Sept., 1683; d. at Paris, 12 Sept., 1764. His father, ...
Ramsey Abbey - Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, England, was founded by Ailwine (Ethelwine, Egelwine), a Saxon ...
Ramus, Peter - (PIERRE DE LA RAMÉE) Humanist and logician, b. at Cuth in Picardy, 1515; d. in Paris, ...
Rancé, Jean-Armand le Bouthillier de - Abbot and reformer of Notre Dame de la Trappe, second son of Denis Bouthillier, Lord of ...
Randall, James Ryder - Journalist and poet, b. 1 Jan., 1839, at Baltimore, Maryland ; d. 15 Jan., 1908 at Augusta, ...
Ransom, Feast of Our Lady of - 24 September, a double major, commemorates the foundation of the Mercedarians. On 10 August, ...
Raphael - The most famous name in the history of painting, b. at Urbino, 6 April (or 28 March), 1483; d. at ...
Raphael, Saint - The name of this archangel ( Raphael = " God has healed") does not appear in the Hebrew ...
Raphoe - Diocese of Raphoe (Rapotensis) Comprises the greater part of the Co. Donegal (Gael. Tirconail ...
Rapin, René - French Jesuit, born at Tours, 1621; died in Paris, 1687. He entered the Society in 1639, taught ...
Raskolniks - (Russian raskolnik , a schismatic, a dissenter; from raskol , schism, splitting; that in ...
Rathborne, Joseph - Priest and controversialist (sometimes erroneously called RATHBONE), born at Lincoln, 11 May, ...
Ratherius of Verona - He was born about 887; died at Namur 25 April, 974. He belonged to a noble family which lived in ...
Ratio Studiorum - The term "Ratio Studiorum" is commonly used to designate the educational system of the Jesuits ; ...
Rationale - Rational, an episcopal humeral, a counterpart of the pallium, and like it worn over the chasuble. ...
Rationalism - (Latin, ratio -- reason, the faculty of the mind which forms the ground of calculation, i.e. ...
Ratisbon - DIOCESE OF RATISBON (RATISBONENSIS), also called REGENSBURG. Suffragan of Munich-Freising. It ...
Ratisbonne, Maria Alphonse - A converted Jew, born at Strasburg on 1 May, 1814; died at Ain Karim near Jerusalem, on 6 May, ...
Ratisbonne, Maria Theodor - A distinguished preacher and writer, and director of the Archconfraternity of Christian Mothers, ...
Ratramnus - (Rathramnus) A Benedictine monk at the Abbey of Corbie, in the present Department of Somme, ...
Ratzeburg, Ancient See of - (RACEBURGUM, RACEBURGENSIS.) In Germany, suffragan to Hamburg. The diocese embraced the ...
Ratzinger, Georg - Political economist and social reformer, b. at Rickering, near Deggendorf, in lower Bavaria, 3 ...
Rauscher - Prince- Archbishop of Vienna, born at Vienna, 6 Oct., 1797; died there 24 Nov., 1875. He ...
Ravalli, Antonio - Missionary, b. in Italy, 1811; d. at St. Mary's, Montana, U. S. A., 2 Oct., 1884. He entered ...
Ravenna - Archdiocese of Ravenna (Ravennatensis) The city of Ravenna is the capital of a province in ...
Ravesteyn, Josse - Born about 1506, at Tielt, a small town in Flanders, hence often called T ILETANUS (J ODACUS ...
Ravignan, Gustave Xavier Lacroix de - French Jesuit, orator, and author, b. at Bayonne (Basses-Pyrénées), 1 Dec. 1795; ...
Rawes, Henry Augustus - Oblate of St. Charles, hymn-writer and preacher, b. at Easington near Durham, England, 11 Dec., ...
Raymbault, Charles - Missionary, b. in France, 1602; entered the Society of Jesus at Rouen (1621); d. at Quebec, ...
Raymond IV, of Saint-Gilles - Count of Toulouse and of Tripoli, b. about 1043; d. at Tripoli in 1105. He was the son of ...
Raymond Lully - (RAMON LULL) "Doctor Illuminatus", philosopher, poet, and theologian, b. at Palma in Majorca, ...
Raymond Martini - Dominican, theologian, Orientalist, b. at Subirats, Catalonia, c. 1220; d. after July, 1284. In ...
Raymond Nonnatus, Saint - (In Spanish SAN RAMON). Born 1200 or 1204 at Portello in the Diocese of Urgel in Catalonia ...
Raymond of Peñafort, Saint - Born at Villafranca de Benadis, near Barcelona, in 1175; died at Barcelona, 6 January, 1275. He ...
Raymond of Sabunde - (SABONDE, SEBON, SEBEYDE, etc.) Born at Barcelona, Spain, towards the end of the fourteenth ...
Raymond VI - Count of Toulouse, b. 1156; d. 1222; succeeded his father, Raymond V, in 1195. He was a ...
Raymond VII - Count of Toulouse, son of Raymond VI, b. at Beaucaire, 1197; d. at Milhaud, 1249; had espoused a ...
Raynaldi, Odorico - Oratorian, b. at Treviso in 1595; d. at Rome, 22 January, 1671. Of patrician birth, he studied ...
Raynaud, Théophile - Theologian and writer, b. at Sospello near Nice, 15 Nov., 1583; d. at Lyons, 31 Oct., 1663. He ...
Raynouard, Françpois-Juste-Marie - A French poet, dramatist, and philologist, b. at Brignoles, Var, 8 September, 1761; d. at Passy, ...
Reading Abbey - Reading Abbey in Surrey, England, was founded by Henry I in 1121, who built it, writes ...
Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist - In this article we shall consider: the fact of the Real Presence , which is, indeed, the central ...
Realism, Nominalism, Conceptualism - These terms are used to designate the theories that have been proposed as solutions of one of the ...
Reason - GENERAL MEANINGS Both in ordinary life and in philosophical discussions the term reason is of ...
Reason, Age of - The name given to that period of human life at which persons are deemed to begin to be morally ...
Recanati and Loreto - DIOCESE OF RECANATI AND LORETO (RECINETENSIS) Province of Ancona, Central Italy, so called ...
Rechab and the Rechabites - Rechab was the father of Jonadab who in 2 Kings 10:15-28 , appears as a fervent supporter of ...
Recollection - Recollection, as understood in respect to the spiritual life, means attention to the presence of ...
Reconciliation, Sacrament of - Penance is a sacrament of the New Law instituted by Christ in which forgiveness of sins ...
Rector - (From the Latin regere , to rule). Priests who preside over missions or quasi- parishes ...
Rector Potens, Verax Deus - The daily hymn for Sext in the Roman Breviary finds its theme in the great heat and light of ...
Recusants, English - The first statute in which the term "Popish Recusants" is used is 35 Eliz. c. 2, "An Act for ...
Red Sea - (Hebrew Yâm-Sûph; Septuagint ‘e ’eruthrà thálassa; ...
Redeemer, Feast of the Most Holy - The feast is found only in the special calendar of some dioceses and religious orders, and ...
Redeemer, Knights of the - A secular community founded in 1608 by the Duke of Mentone, Vincent Gonzaga, on the occasion of ...
Redemption - The restoration of man from the bondage of sin to the liberty of the children of God ...
Redemption in the Old Testament - Redemption means either strictly deliverance by payment of a price or ransom, or simply ...
Redemptions, Penitential - Penitential redemptions are the substitution of exercises (especially alms-deeds), either easier ...
Redemptoristines - The cradle of the Redemptoristines is Scala, not far from Amalfi, Italy. Father Thomas Falcoia, of ...
Redemptorists - (CONGREGATION OF THE MOST HOLY REDEEMER) A society of missionary priests founded by St. ...
Redford, Sebastion - Born 27 April, 1701; died 2 January, 1763. Educated at St. Omer , Watten, and Liège, ...
Redi, Francesco - Italian poet, b. at Arezzo, 18 February, 1626; d. at Pisa 1 March, 1698. After taking his ...
Reding, Augustine - Prince-Abbot of Einsiedeln and theological writer, born at Lichtensteig, Switzerland, 10 ...
Reductions of Paraguay - The Jesuit Reductions of Paraguay, one of the most singular and beautiful creations of Catholic ...
Referendarii - The papal office of the referendarii (from refero , to inform) existed at the Byzantine ...
Reform of a Religious Order - Reform of a Religious Order, in the true sense of the word, is a return or bringing back of the ...
Reformation, The - The usual term for the religious movement which made its appearance in Western Europe in the ...
Reformed Churches - The name given to Protestant bodies which adopted the tenets of Zwingli and, later, the ...
Refuge, Cities of - Towns which according to the Jewish law enjoyed the right of asylum and to which anyone who had ...
Refuge, Sisters of Our Lady of Charity of the - The Institute of Our Lady of Charity was founded (1641) by [St. Jean] Eudes, at Caen, Normandy, ...
Regale, Droit de - ( jus regaliœ, jus regale, jus deportus; German Regalienrecht ) Droit de Regale ...
Regalia - According to the usage current in the British Isles the term regalia is almost always employed to ...
Regeneration - (Latin regeneratio ; Greek anagennesis and paliggenesia ). Regeneration is a ...
Regensburg - DIOCESE OF RATISBON (RATISBONENSIS), also called REGENSBURG. Suffragan of Munich-Freising. It ...
Regesta, Papal - Papal Regesta are the copies, generally entered in special registry volumes, of the papal ...
Reggio dell' Emilia - DIOCESE OF REGGIO DELL' EMILIA (REGINENSIS) Suffragan of Modena in central Italy. The city is ...
Reggio di Calabria - ARCHDIOCESE OF REGGIO DI CALABRIA (RHEGIENSIS). Archdiocese in Calabria, southern Italy. The ...
Regina - DIOCESE OF REGINA (REGINENSIS) A newly created (4 March, 1910) ecclesiastical division, ...
Regina Coeli - The opening words of the Eastertide anthem of the Blessed Virgin, the recitation of which is ...
Reginald of Piperno - Dominican, theologian, companion of St. Thomas Aquinas, b. at Piperno about 1230; d. about 1290. ...
Regino of Prüm - Date of birth unknown; d. at Trier in 915. According to the statements of a later era Regino was ...
Regionarii - The name given in later antiquity and the early Middle Ages to those clerics and officials of ...
Regis, John Francis, Saint - Born 31 January, 1597, in the village of Fontcouverte (department of Aude); died at la Louvesc, 30 ...
Registers, Parochial - One having the cure of souls is commanded by Divine precept to know his subjects (Conc. Trid., ...
Regnault, Henri Victor - Chemist and physicist, b. at Aachen, 21 July, 1810; d. in Paris, 19 Jan., 1878. Being left an ...
Regulæ Juris - ("Rules of Law") General rules or principles serving chiefly for the interpretation of laws. ...
Regulars - ( Latin regula, rule). The observance of the Rule of St. Benedict procured for the monks ...
Reichenau - Reichenau, called Augia Dives in medieval Latin manuscripts and possessing a once ...
Reichensperger, August - Politician and author, born at Coblenz, 22 March, 1808; died at Cologne, 16 July, 1895. He studied ...
Reichensperger, Peter - Jurist and parliamentarian, b. at Coblenz, 28 May, 1810; d. at Berlin, 31 December, 1892. He ...
Reifenstein - A former Cistercian abbey in Eichsfeld, founded on 1 August, 1162 by Count Ernst of Tonna. It ...
Reiffenstuel, Johann Georg - In religion A NACLETUS Theologian and canonist; b. at Kaltenbrunn (Tegernsee) 2 July, 1641; d. ...
Reims - ARCHDIOCESE OF REIMS (RHEMENSIS) The Archdiocese of Reims comprises the district of Reims in ...
Reims, Synods of - The first synod said to have been held at Reims by Archbishop Sonnatius between 624 and 630 ...
Reinmar of Hagenau - A German minnesinger of the twelfth century, surnamed in the manuscripts der Alte (the old) to ...
Reisach, Carl von - Born at Roth, Bavaria, 7 July, 1800; died in the Redemptorist monastery of Contamine, France, ...
Reisch, Gregor - Born at Balingen in Wurtemberg, about 1467; died at Freiburg, Baden, 9 May, 1525. In 1487 he ...
Relationship - (CARNAL AND SPIRITUAL) The theologians understand by relationship in general a certain ...
Relatives, Duties of - The general precept of charity obliging us to love our neighbour as ourselves is of course ...
Relativism - Any doctrine which denies, universally or in regard to some restricted sphere of being, the ...
Relics - The word relics comes from the Latin reliquiae (the counterpart of the Greek leipsana ) ...
Religion - I. Derivation, Analysis, and Definition. II. Subjective Religion. III. Objective ...
Religion, Virtue of - Of the three proposed derivations of the word "religion", that suggested by Lactantius and ...
Religions, Statistics of - I. DEFINITION This study concerns itself with religious bodies, the number of their members, and ...
Religious Life - I. GENERAL VIEW AND EVANGELICAL IDEA OF THE RELIGIOUS LIFE A. GENERAL VIEW We all have within us ...
Religious Profession - HISTORICAL VIEW Profession may be considered either as a declaration openly made, or as a state ...
Reliquaries - It would follow of necessity from the data given in the article RELICS that ...
Remesiana - A titular see in Dacia Mediterranea, suffragan of Sardica. Remesiana is mentioned by the ...
Remigius of Auxerre - A Benedictine monk, b. about the middle of the ninth century; d. 908. Remigius, or Remi, was a ...
Remigius, Saint - Apostle of the Franks, Archbishop of Reims, b. at Cerny or Laon, 437; d. at Reims, 13 January ...
Remiremont - Vosges, France, monastery and nunnery of the Rule of St. Benedict, founded by Sts. Romaricus ...
Remuzat, Ven. Anne-Madeleine - Born at Marseilles, 29 Nov., 1696; died 15 Feb., 1730. At nine years of age she asked her parents ...
Remy, Abbey of Saint - Founded at Reims before 590. Its early history is very obscure; at first a little chapel ...
Renaissance, The - The Renaissance may be considered in a general or a particular sense, as (1) the achievements of ...
Renaudot, Eusebius - An apologetical writer and Orientalist, b. at Paris, 22 July, 1648; d. there, 1 Sept., 1720. He ...
Renaudot, Théophraste - Born at Loudun, 1586; died at Paris, 25 October, 1653. Doctor of the medical faculty at ...
Reni, Guido - Italian painter, b. at Calvenzano near Bologna, 4 Nov., 1575; d. at Bologna, 18 Aug. 1642. At one ...
Rennes - (RHEDONENSIS) Rennes includes the Department of Ille et Vilaine. The Concordat of 1802 ...
Renty, Gaston Jean Baptiste de - Born 1611 at the castle of Beni, Diocese of Bayeux in Normandy ; died 24 April, 1649. The only ...
Renunciation - ( Latin renuntiare ). A canonical term signifying the resignation of an ecclesiastical ...
Reordinations - I. STATE OF THE QUESTION The Oratorian Jean Morin , in the seventeenth century, and Cardinal ...
Reparation - Reparation is a theological concept closely connected with those of atonement and satisfaction, ...
Repington, Philip - ( Also Repyngdon). Cardinal-priest of the title of SS. Nereus and Achilleus, Bishop of ...
Repose, Altar of - (Sometimes called less properly sepulchre or tomb, more frequently repository). The altar ...
Reputation (as Property) - It is certain that a man is indefeasibly the owner of what he has been able to produce by his ...
Requiem, Masses of - Masses of Requiem will be treated under the following heads: I. Origins; II. Formulary ; III. ...
Rerum Crerator Optime - The hymn for Matins of Wednesday in the Divine Office. It comprises four strophes of four ...
Rerum Deus Tenax Vigor - The daily hymn for None in the Roman Breviary, comprises (like the hymns for Terce and Sext ...
Rerum Novarum - The opening words and the title of the Encyclical issued by Leo XIII, 15 May, 1891, on the ...
Rescripts, Papal - ( Latin re-scribere , "to write back") Rescripts are responses of the pope or a Sacred ...
Reservation - The restriction in certain cases by a superior of the jurisdiction ordinarily exercised by an ...
Reserved Cases - A term used for sins whose absolution is not within the power of every confessor, but is ...
Residence, Ecclesiastical - A remaining or abiding where one's duties lie or where one's occupation is properly carried on, ...
Respicius, Tryphon, and Nympha - Martyrs whose feast is observed in the Latin Church on 10 November. Tryphon is said to have ...
Respighi, Lorenzo - Born at Cortemaggiore, Province of Piacenza, 7 October, 1824; died at Rome, 10 December, 1889. He ...
Responsorium - Responsory, or Respond, a series of verses and responses, usually taken from Holy Scripture and ...
Restitution - Restitution has a special sense in moral theology. It signifies an act of commutative justice ...
Resurrection of Jesus Christ - Resurrection is the rising again from the dead, the resumption of life. In this article, we shall ...
Resurrection, General - Resurrection is the rising again from the dead, the resumption of life. The Fourth Lateran ...
Rethel, Alfred - Born at Aachen, 1816; died at Düsseldorf, 1859. He combined in a brilliant and forcible ...
Retreat of the Sacred Heart, Congregation of - (DAMES DE LA RETRAITE) Originally founded in 1678 under the name of the Institute of Retreat, ...
Retreats - If we call a retreat a series of days passed in solitude and consecrated to practices of ...
Retz, Cardinal de - ARCHBISHOP OF PARIS Born at the Château of Montmirail, Oct., 1614; died in Paris, 24 ...
Reuben - (REUBEN.) A proper name which designates in the Bible : (1) a patriarch; (II) a tribe of ...
Reuchlin, Johannes - ( Græcized , Capnion). Celebrated German humanist, b. at Pforzheim, Baden, 22 ...
Reumont, Alfred von - Statesman and historian, b. at Aachen, 15 August, 1808; d. there, 27 April, 1887. After finishing ...
Reusens, Edmond - Archeologist and historian, b. at Wijneghem (Antwerp), 25 April, 1831; d. at Louvain, 25 Dec., ...
Reuss - Name of the two smallest states of the German Confederation, which lie almost in the centre of ...
Revelation - I. MEANING OF REVELATION Revelation may be defined as the communication of some truth by God ...
Revelation, Book of - Apocalypse, from the verb apokalypto , to reveal, is the name given to the last book in the ...
Revelations, Private - There are two kinds of revelations: (1) universal revelations, which are contained in the Bible ...
Revocation - The act of recalling or annulling, the reversal of an act, the recalling of a grant, or the making ...
Revolution, English - James II, having reached the climax of his power after the successful suppression of Monmouth's ...
Revolution, French - The last thirty years have given us a new version of the history of the French Revolution, the ...
Rex Gloriose Martyrum - Rex Gloriose Martyrum, the hymn at Lauds in the Common of Martyrs (Commune plurimorum ...
Rex Sempiterne Cælitum - The Roman Breviary hymn for Matins of Sundays and weekdays during the Paschal Time (from ...
Rey, Anthony - An educator and Mexican War chaplain, born at Lyons, 19 March, 1807; died near Ceralvo, Mexico, ...
Reynolds, William - (RAINOLDS, RAYNOLDS, REGINALDUS) Born at Pinhorn near Exeter, about 1544; died at Antwerp, ...
Rhætia - (RHÆTORUM). Prefecture Apostolic in Switzerland ; includes in general the district ...
Rhaphanæa - A titular see in Syria Secunda, suffragan of Apamea. Rhaphanæa is mentioned in ancient ...
Rheinberger, Joseph Gabriel - A composer and organist, born at Vaduz, in the Principality of Lichtenstein, Bavaria, 17 March, ...
Rhenish Palatinate - ( German Rheinpfalz ). A former German electorate. It derives its name from the title of a ...
Rhesæna - A titular see in Osrhoene, suffragan of Edessa. Rhesæna (numerous variations of the name ...
Rhinocolura - A titular see in Augustamnica Prima, suffragan of Pelusium. Rhinocolura or Rhinocorura was a ...
Rhithymna - (RHETHYMNA) A titular see of Crete, suffragan of Gortyna, mentioned by Ptolemy, III, 15, ...
Rhizus - ( Rizous .) A titular see of Pontus Polemoniacus suffragan of Neocæsarea, ...
Rho, Giacomo - Missionary, born at Milan, 1593; died at Peking 27 April, 1638. He was the son of a noble and ...
Rhode Island - The State of Rhode Island and xxyyyk.htm">Providence Plantations, one of the thirteen original ...
Rhodes - (RHODUS) A titular metropolitan of the Cyclades. It is an island opposite to Lycia and ...
Rhodes, Alexandre De - A missionary and author, born at Avignon, 15 March, 1591; died at Ispahan, Persia, 5 Nov., 1660. ...
Rhodesia - A British possession in South Africa, bounded on the north and north-west by the Congo Free ...
Rhodiopolis - A titular see of Lycia, suffragan of Myra, called Rhodia by Ptolemy (V, 3) and Stephanus ...
Rhodo - A Christian writer who flourished in the time of Commodus (180-92); he was a native of Asia ...
Rhosus - A titular see in Cilicia Secunda, suffragan to Anazarba. Rhosus or Rhossus was a seaport ...
Rhymed Bibles - The rhymed versions of the Bible are almost entirely collections of the psalms. The oldest ...
Rhythmical Office - I. DESCRIPTION, DEVELOPMENT, AND DIVISION By rhythmical office is meant a liturgical horary ...
Ribadeneira, Pedro de - (Or RIBADENEYRA and among Spaniards often RIVADENEIRA) Pedro De Ribadeneira was born at ...
Ribas, Andrés Pérez De - A pioneer missionary, historian of north-western Mexico; born at Cordova, Spain, 1576; died in ...
Ribe, Ancient See of, in Denmark (Jutland) - (RIPAE, RIPENSIS.) The diocese (29 deaneries, 278 parishes ) consisted of the modern ...
Ribeirao Preto - (DE RIBERAO PRETO) A suffragan see of the Archdiocese of São Paulo , Brazil, ...
Ribera, Jusepe de - Called also SPAGNOLETTO, L'ESPAGNOLET (the little Spaniard) Painter born at Jativa, 12 Jan., ...
Ricardus Anglicus - Ricardus Anglicus, Archdeacon of Bologna, was an English priest who was rector of the law ...
Riccardi, Nicholas - A theologian, writer and preacher; born at Genoa, 1585; died at Rome, 30 May, 1639. Physically ...
Ricci, Lorenzo - General of the Society of Jesus b. at Florence, 2 Aug., 1703; d. at the Castle of Sant' Angelo, ...
Ricci, Matteo - Founder of the Catholic missions of China, b. at Macerata in the Papal States, 6 Oct. 1552; ...
Riccioli, Giovanni Battista - Italian astronomer, b. at Ferrara 17 April, 1598; d. at Bologna 25 June, 1671. He entered the ...
Rice, Edmund Ignatius - Founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (better known as "Irish ...
Rich, St. Edmund - Archbishop of Canterbury, England, born 20 November, c. 1180, at Abingdon, six miles from ...
Richard - A Friar minor and preacher, appearing in history between 1428 and 1431, whose origin and ...
Richard de Bury - Bishop and bibliophile, b. near Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk, England, 24 Jan., 1286; d. at ...
Richard de la Vergne, François-Marie-Benjamin - Archbishop of Paris, born at Nantes, 1 March, 1819; died in Paris, 28 January, 1908. ...
Richard de Wyche, Saint - Bishop and confessor, b. about 1197 at Droitwich, Worcestershire, from which his surname is ...
Richard Fetherston, Blessed - Priest and martyr ; died at Smithfield, 30 July, 1540. He was chaplain to Catharine of Aragon ...
Richard I, King Of England - Richard I, born at Oxford, 6 Sept, 1157; died at Chaluz, France, 6 April, 1199; was known to ...
Richard of Cirencester - Chronicler, d. about 1400. He was the compiler of a chronicle from 447 to 1066, entitled "Speculum ...
Richard of Cornwall - (RICHARD RUFUS, RUYS, ROSSO, ROWSE). The dates of his birth and death are unknown, but he ...
Richard of Middletown - (A MEDIA VILLA). Flourished at the end of the thirteenth century, but the dates of his birth ...
Richard of St. Victor - Theologian, native of Scotland, but the date and place of his birth are unknown; d. 1173 and ...
Richard Thirkeld, Blessed - Martyr ; b. at Coniscliffe, Durham, England ; d. at York, 29 May, 1583. From Queen's College, ...
Richard Whiting, Blessed - Last Abbot of Glastonbury and martyr, parentage and date of birth unknown, executed 15 Nov., ...
Richard, Charles-Louis - Theologian and publicist; b. at Blainville-sur-l'Eau, in Lorraine, April, 1711; d. at Mons, ...
Richardson, Ven. William - ( Alias Anderson.) Last martyr under Queen Elizabeth; b. according to Challoner at Vales in ...
Richelieu, Armand-Jean du Plessis, Duke de - Cardinal ; French statesman, b. in Paris, 5 September, 1585; d. there 4 December 1642. At first ...
Richmond, Diocese of - (RICHMONDENSIS.) Suffragan of Baltimore, established 11 July, 1820, comprises the State of ...
Ricoldo da Monte di Croce - (PENNINI.) Born at Florence about 1243; d. there 31 October, 1320. After studying in various ...
Riemenschneider, Tillmann - One of the most important of Frankish sculptors, b. at Osterode am Harz in or after 1460; d. at ...
Rienzi, Cola di - (i.e., NICOLA, son of Lorenzo) A popular tribune and extraordinary historical figure. His ...
Rieti - (REATINA). Diocese in Central Italy, immediately subject to the Holy See. The city is ...
Rievaulx, Abbey of - (RIEVALL.) Thurston, Archbishop of York, was very anxious to have a monastery of the newly ...
Riffel, Caspar - Historian, b. at Budesheim, Bingen, Germany, 19 Jan., 1807, d. at Mainz, 15 Dec., 1856. He ...
Rigby, John, Saint - English martyr ; b. about 1570 at Harrocks Hall, Eccleston, Lancashire; executed at St. Thomas ...
Rigby, Nicholas - Born 1800 at Walton near Preston, Lancashire; died at Ugthorpe, 7 September, 1886. At twelve years ...
Right - Right, as a substantive (my right, his right), designates the object of justice. When a person ...
Right of Exclusion - (Latin Jus Exclusivæ . The alleged competence of the more important Catholic ...
Right of Option - In canon law an option is a way of obtaining a benefice or a title, by the choice of the new ...
Right of Voluntary Association - I. LEGAL RIGHT A voluntary association means any group of individuals freely united for the ...
Rimbert, Saint - Archbishop of Bremen - Hamburg, died at Bremen 11 June, 888. It is uncertain whether he was ...
Rimini - DIOCESE OF RIMINI (ARIMINUM). Suffragan of Ravenna. Rimini is situated near the coast between ...
Rimini, Council of - The second Formula of Sirmium (357) stated the doctrine of the Anomoeans, or extreme Arians. ...
Rimouski - DIOCESE OF RIMOUSKI (SANCTI GERMANI DE RIMOUSKI) Suffragan of Quebec, comprises the counties of ...
Ring of the Fisherman, The - The earliest mention of the Fisherman's ring worn by the popes is in a letter of Clement IV ...
Rings - Although the surviving ancient rings, proved by their devices, provenance, etc., to be of ...
Rinuccini, Giovanni Battista - Born at Rome, 1592; d. at Fermo, 1653; was the son of a Florentine patrician, his mother being a ...
Rio Negro - Prefecture Apostolic in Brazil, bounded on the south by a line running westwards from the ...
Rio, Alexis-François - French writer on art, b. on the Island of Arz, Department of Morbihan, 20 May, 1797; d. 17 June, ...
Riobamba - Diocese of (Bolivarensis), suffragan of Quito, Ecuador, erected by Pius IX, 5 January, 1863. ...
Rioja, Francisco de - A poet, born at Seville, 1583; died at Madrid, 1659. Rioja was a canon in the cathedral at ...
Ripalda, Juan Martínez de - Theologian, b. at Pamplona, Navarre, 1594; d. at Madrid, 26 April, 1648. He entered the Society ...
Ripatransone - (RIPANENSIS). Diocese in Ascoli Piceno, Central Italy. The city is situated on five hills, ...
Ripon, Marquess of - George Frederick Samuel Robinson, K.G., P.C., G.C.S.I., F.R.S., Earl de Grey, Earl of Ripon, ...
Risby, Richard - Born in the parish of St. Lawrence, Reading, 1489; executed at Tyburn, London, 20 April, 1534. ...
Rishanger, William - Chronicler, b. at Rishangles, Suffolk, about ú d. after 1312. He became a Benedictine at ...
Rishton, Edward - Born in Lancashire, 1550; died at Sainte-Ménehould, Lorraine, 29 June, 1585. He was ...
Rita of Cascia, Saint - Born at Rocca Porena in the Diocese of Spoleto , 1386; died at the Augustinian convent of ...
Rites - I. NAME AND DEFINITION Ritus in classical Latin in means primarily, the form and manner of any ...
Rites in the United States - Since immigration from the eastern portion of Europe and from Asia and Africa set in with ...
Ritschlianism - Ritschlianism is a peculiar conception of the nature and scope of Christianity, widely held in ...
Ritter, Joseph Ignatius - Historian, b. at Schweinitz, Silesia, 12 April, 1787; d. at Breslau, 5 Jan., 1857. He pursued his ...
Ritual - The Ritual ( Rituale Romanum ) is one of the official books of the Roman Rite. It contains all ...
Ritualists - The word "Ritualists" is the term now most commonly employed to denote that advanced section of ...
Rivington, Luke - Born in London, May, 1838; died in London, 30 May, 1899; fourth son of Francis Rivington, a ...
Rizal, José Mercado - Filipino hero, physician, poet, novelist, and sculptor ; b. at Calamba, Province of La Laguna, ...
Robbers, Seven - (Septem Latrones), martyrs on the Island of Corcyra (Corfu) in the second century. Their ...
Robbia, Andrea della - Nephew, pupil, assistant, and sharer of Luca's secrets, b. at Florence, 1431; d. 1528. It is ...
Robbia, Lucia di Simone - Sculptor, b. at Florence, 1400; d. 1481. He is believed to have studied design with a goldsmith, ...
Robert Bellarmine, Saint - (Also, "Bellarmino"). A distinguished Jesuit theologian, writer, and cardinal, born at ...
Robert Johnson, Blessed - Born in Shropshire, entered the German College, Rome, 1 October, 1571. Ordained priest at ...
Robert of Arbrissel - Itinerant preacher, founder of Fontevrault, b. c. 1047 at Arbrissel (now Arbressec) near ...
Robert of Courçon - (DE CURSONE, DE CURSIM, CURSUS, ETC.). Cardinal, born at Kedleston, England ; died at ...
Robert of Geneva - Antipope under the name of Clement VII, b. at Geneva, 1342; d. at Avignon, 16 Sept., 1394. He ...
Robert of Jumièges - Archbishop of Canterbury (1051-2). Robert Champart was a Norman monk of St. Ouen at Rouen ...
Robert of Luzarches - (LUS). Born at Luzarches near Pontoise towards the end of the twelfth century; is said to have ...
Robert of Melun - (DE MELDUNO; MELIDENSIS; MEIDUNUS). An English philosopher and theologian, b. in England ...
Robert of Molesme, Saint - Born about the year 1029, at Champagne, France, of noble parents who bore the names of Thierry ...
Robert of Newminster, Saint - Born in the district of Craven, Yorkshire, probably at the village of Gargrave; died 7 June, 1159. ...
Robert Pullus - (PULLEN, PULLAN, PULLY.) See also ROBERT PULLEN. Cardinal, English philosopher and ...
Robert, Saint - Founder of the Abbey of Chaise-Dieu in Auvergne, b. at Aurilac, Auvergne, about 1000; d. in ...
Roberts, Saint John - First Prior of St. Gregory's, Douai (now Downside Abbey ), b. 1575-6; martyred 10 ...
Robertson, James Burton - Historian, b. in London 15 Nov., 1800; d. at Dublin 14 Feb., 1877, son of Thomas Robertson, a ...
Robinson, Venerable Christopher - Born at Woodside, near Westward, Cumberland, date unknown; executed at Carlisle, 19 Aug., 1598. ...
Robinson, William Callyhan - Jurist and educator, b. 26 July, 1834, at Norwich, Conn.; d. 6 Nov., 1911, at Washington, D.C. ...
Rocaberti, Juan Tomás de - Theologian, b. of a noble family at Perelada, in Catalina, c. 1624; d. at Madrid 13 June, 1699. ...
Rocamadour - Communal chief town of the canton of Gramat, district of Gourdon, Department of Lot, in the ...
Rocca, Angelo - Founder of the Angelica Library at Rome, b. at Rocca, now Arecevia, near Ancone, 1545; d. at ...
Roch, Saint - Born at Montpellier towards 1295; died 1327. His father was governor of that city. At his birth ...
Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien - Marshal, b. at Vendôme, France, 1 July, 1725; d. at Thoré, 10 May, 1807. At the age ...
Roche, Alanus de la - ( Sometimes DE LA ROCHE). Born about 1428; died at Zwolle in Holland, 8 September, 1475. ...
Rochester, Ancient See of - (ROFFA; ROFFENSIS). The oldest and smallest of all the suffragan sees of Canterbury, was ...
Rochester, Blessed John - Priest and martyr, born probably at Terling, Essex, England, about 1498; died at York, 11 May, ...
Rochester, Diocese of - This diocese, on its establishment by separation from the See of Buffalo, 24 January, 1868, ...
Rochet - An over-tunic usually made of fine white linen (cambric; fine cotton material is also allowed), ...
Rochette, Désiré Raoul - Usually known as Raoul-Rochette, a French archeologist, b. at St. Amand (Cher), 9 March, 1789; d. ...
Rock, Daniel - Antiquarian and ecclesiologist, b. at Liverpool, 31 August, 1799; d. at Kensington, London, 28 ...
Rockford, Diocese of - (ROCKFORDIENSIS). Created 23 September, 1908, comprises Jo Daviess, Stephenson, Winnebago, ...
Rockhampton - Diocese in Queensland, Australia. In 1862 Father Duhig visited the infant settlement on the banks ...
Rococo Style - This style received its name in the nineteenth century from French émigrés , who ...
Rodez - (RUTHENAE) The Diocese of Rodez was united to the Diocese of Cahors by the Concordat of ...
Rodrigues Ferreira, Alexandre - A Brazilian natural scientist and explorer, b. at Bahia in 1756; d. at Lisbon in 1815. He ...
Rodriguez, Alonso - Born at Valladolid, Spain, 1526; died at Seville 21 February, 1616. When twenty years of age he ...
Rodriguez, Joao - (GIRAM, GIRAO, GIRON, ROIZ). Missionary and author, b. at Alcochete in the Diocese of Lisbon ...
Rodriguez, Saint Alphonsus - (Also Alonso). Born at Segovia in Spain, 25 July, 1532; died at Majorca, 31 October, 1617. ...
Roe, Bartholomew - (VENERABLE ALBAN). English Benedictine martyr, b. in Suffolk, 1583; executed at Tyburn, 21 ...
Roermond - (RUBAEMUNDENSIS). Diocese in Holland ; suffragan of Utrecht. It includes the Province of ...
Rogation Days - Days of prayer, and formerly also of fasting, instituted by the Church to appease God's anger ...
Roger Bacon - Philosopher, surnamed D OCTOR M IRABILIS , b. at Ilchester, Somersetshire, about 1214; d. at ...
Roger Cadwallador, Venerable - English martyr, b. at Stretton Sugwas, near Hereford, in 1568; executed at Leominster, 27 Aug., ...
Roger of Wendover - Benedictine monk, date of birth unknown; d. 1236, the first of the great chroniclers of St. ...
Roger, Bishop of Worcester - Died at Tours, 9 August, 1179. A younger son of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, he was educated ...
Roh, Peter - Born at Conthey (Gunthis) in the canton of Valais ( French Switzerland ), 14 August, 1811; d. at ...
Rohault de Fleury - A family of French architects and archaeologists of the nineteenth century, of which the most ...
Rohrbacher, Réné François - Ecclesiastical historian, b. at Langatte (Langd) in the present Diocese of Metz, 27 September, ...
Rojas y Zorrilla, Francisco de - Spanish dramatic poet, b. at Toledo, 4 Oct., 1607; d. 1680. Authentic information regarding the ...
Rokewode, John Gage - Born 13 Sept., 1786; died at Claughton Hall, Lancashire, 14 Oct., 1842. He was the fourth son of ...
Rolduc - (RODA DUCIS, also Roda, Closterroda or Hertogenrade). Located in S. E. Limburg, Netherlands. ...
Rolfus, Hermann - Catholic educationist, b. at Freiburg, 24 May, 1821; d. at Buhl, near Offenburg, 27 October, ...
Rolle de Hampole, Richard - Solitary and writer, b. at Thornton, Yorkshire, about 1300; d. at Hampole, 29 Sept., 1349. The ...
Rollin, Charles - Born in Paris, 1661; died there, 1741. The son of a cutler, intended to follow his father's ...
Rolls Series - A collection of historical materials of which the general scope is indicated by its official ...
Rolph, Thomas - Surgeon, b. 1800; d. at Portsmouth, 17 Feb., 1858. He was a younger son of Dr. Thomas Rolph and ...
Roman Catacombs - This subject will be treated under seven heads: I. Position; II. History; III. Inscriptions; IV. ...
Roman Catechism - This catechism differs from other summaries of Christian doctrine for the instruction of the ...
Roman Catholic - A qualification of the name Catholic commonly used in English-speaking countries by those ...
Roman Catholic Relief Bill - IN ENGLAND With the accession of Queen Elizabeth (1558) commenced the series of legislative ...
Roman Christian Cemeteries, Early - This article treats briefly of the individual catacomb cemeteries in the vicinity of Rome. For ...
Roman Colleges - This article treats of the various colleges in Rome which have been founded under ...
Roman Congregations - Certain departments have been organized by the Holy See at various times to assist it in the ...
Roman Curia - Strictly speaking, the ensemble of departments or ministries which assist the sovereign pontiff ...
Roman Processional - Strictly speaking it might be said that the Processional has no recognized place in the Roman ...
Roman Rite, The - ( Ritus romanus ). The Roman Rite is the manner of celebrating the Holy Sacrifice, ...
Romanos Pontifices, Constitutio - The restoration by Pius IX, 29 Sept. 1850, by letters Apostolic "Universalis ecclesiæ" of ...
Romanos, Saint - Surnamed ho melodos and ho theorrhetor , poet of the sixth century. The only authority for ...
Romans, Epistle to the - This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. The Roman Church and St. Paul; II. ...
Romanus, Pope - Of this pope very little is known with certainty, not even the date of his birth nor the exact ...
Romanus, Saints - (1) A Roman martyr Romanus is mentioned in the "Liber Pontificalis" (ed. Duchesne, I, 155) ...
Rome - The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope. The Bishop ...
Rome, University of - The University of Rome must be distinguished from the "Studium Generale apud Curiam", established ...
Romero, Juan - Missionary and Indian linguist, b. in the village of Machena, Andalusia, Spain, 1559; d. at ...
Romuald, Saint - Born at Ravenna, probably about 950; died at Val-di-Castro, 19 June, 1027. St. Peter Damian, his ...
Romulus Augustulus - Deposed in the year 476, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire. His reign was purely ...
Ronan, Saint - There are twelve Irish saints bearing the name of Ronan commemorated in the "Martyrology of ...
Ronsard, Pierre de - French poet, b. 2 (or 11) Sept., 1524, at the Château de la Poissonniere, near ...
Rood - (Anglo-Saxon Rod, or Rode, "cross"), a term, often used to signify the True Cross itself, ...
Roothaan, Johann Philipp - Twenty-first General of the Society of Jesus , b. at Amsterdam, 23 November, 1785; d. at Rome, ...
Roper, William - Biographer of St. Thomas More, born 1496; died 4 January, 1578. Both his father and mother ...
Rorate Coeli - (Vulgate, text), the opening words of Isaiah 45:8 . The text is used frequently both at Mass and ...
Rosa, Salvatore - (Also spelled SALVATOR; otherwise known as RENNELLA, or ARENELLA, from the place of his birth). ...
Rosalia, Saint - Hermitess, greatly venerated at Palermo and in the whole of Sicily of which she in patroness. ...
Rosary, Breviary Hymns of the - The proper office granted by Leo XIII (5 August, 1888) to the feast contains four hymns ...
Rosary, Confraternity of the - In accordance with the conclusion of the article ROSARY no sufficient evidence is forthcoming to ...
Rosary, Feast of the Holy - Apart from the signal defeat of the Albigensian heretics at the battle of Muret in 1213 which ...
Rosary, Seraphic - ( Or Seraphic Rosary.) A Rosary consisting of seven decades in commemoration of the seven ...
Rosary, The - Please see our How to Recite the Holy Rosary sheet in PDF format, and feel free to copy and ...
Rosate, Alberico de - (Or ROSCIATE). Jurist, date of birth unknown; died in 1354. He was bom in the village of ...
Roscelin - Roscelin, a monk of Compiègne, was teaching as early as 1087. He had contact with ...
Roscommon - Capital of County Roscommon, Ireland ; owes origin and name to a monastery founded by St. Coman ...
Rose of Lima, Saint - Virgin, patroness of America, born at Lima, Peru 20 April, 1586; died there 30 August, 1617. ...
Rose of Viterbo, Saint - Virgin, born at Viterbo, 1235; died 6 March, 1252. The chronology of her life must always remain ...
Rose Window - A circular window, with mullions and traceries generally radiating from the centre, and filled ...
Rosea - A titular see. The official catalogue of the Roman Curia mentioned formerly a titular see of ...
Roseau - (ROSENSIS). Diocese ; suffragan of Port of Spain, Trinidad, B.W.I. The different islands of ...
Rosecrans, William Starke - William Born at Kingston, Ohio, U.S.A. 6 Sept., 1819; died near Redondo California, 11 March, ...
Roseline, Saint - (Rossolina.) Born at Château of Arcs in eastern Provence, 1263; d. 17 January, 1329. ...
Rosenau - ( Hungarian ROZSNYÓ; Latin ROSNAVIENSIS). Diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Eger, ...
Rosh Hashanah - The first day of Tishri (October), the seventh month of the Hebrew year. Two trumpets are ...
Rosicrucians - The original appelation of the alleged members of the occult-cabalistic- theosophic "Rosicrucian ...
Roskilde, Ancient See of, in Denmark - (ROSCHILDIA, ROSKILDENSIS.) Suffragan to Hamburg, about 991-1104, to Lund, 1104-1536. The ...
Roskoványi, August - Bishop of Neutra in Hungary, doctor of philosophy and theology, b. at Szenna in the County ...
Rosmini and Rosminianism - Antonio Rosmini Serbati, philosopher, and founder of the Institute of Charity, born 24 March, ...
Rosminians - The Institute of Charity, or, officially, Societas a charitate nuncupata , is a religious ...
Ross - (ROSSENSIS). Diocese in Ireland. This see was founded by St. Fachtna, and the place-name ...
Ross, School of - The School of Ross &151; now called Ross-Carbery, but formerly Ross-Ailithir from the large ...
Rossano - (ROSSANENSIS). Archdiocese in Calabria, province of Cosenza, Southern Italy. The city is ...
Rosselino, Antonio di Matteo di Domenico - The youngest of five brothers, sculptors and stone cutters, family name Gamberelli (1427-78). He ...
Rosselino, Bernardo - (Properly BERNARDO DI MATTEO GAMBARELLI.) B. at Florence, 1409; d. 1464. Rosselino occupies ...
Rosselli, Cosimo - (LORENZO DI FILIPPO). Italian fresco painter, b. at Florence, 1439; d. there in 1507. The ...
Rossi, Bernardo de - (DE RUBEIS, GIOVANNI FRANCESCO BERNARDO MARIA). Theologian and historian; b. at Cividale del ...
Rossi, Giovanni Battista de - A distinguished Christian archaeologist , best known for his work in connection with the Roman ...
Rossi, Pellegrino - Publicist, diplomat, economist, and statesman, b. at Carrara, Italy, 13 July, 1787; assassinated ...
Rossini, Gioacchino Antonio - Born 29 February, 1792, at Pesaro in the Romagna; died 13 November, 1868, at Passy, near Paris. ...
Rostock, Sebastian von - Bishop of Breslau, b. at Grottkau, Silesia, 24 Aug. 1607; d. at Breslau, 9 June, 1671. He ...
Rostock, University of - Located in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, founded in the year 1419 through the united efforts of Dukes John ...
Roswitha - A celebrated nun -poetess of the tenth century, whose name has been given in various forms, ...
Rota, Sacra Romana - In the Constitution "Sapienti Consilio" (29 June, 1908), II, 2, Pins X re-established the Sacra ...
Roth, Heinrich - Missionary in India and Sanskrit scholar, b. of illustrious parentage at Augsburg, 18 December, ...
Rothe, David - Bishop of Ossory ( Ireland ), b. at Kilkenny in 1573, of a distinguished family ; d. 20 ...
Rottenburg - (ROTTENBURGENSIS). Diocese ; suffragan of the ecclesiastical Province of the Upper Rhine. It ...
Rotuli - Rotuli, i.e. rolls — in which a long narrow strip of papyrus or parchment, written on one ...
Rouen, Archdiocese of - (ROTHOMAGENSIS) Revived by the Concordat of 1802 with the Sees of Bayeux, Evreux, and ...
Rouen, Synods of - The first synod is generally believed to have been held by Archbishop Saint-Ouen about 650. ...
Rouquette, Adrien - Born in Louisiana in 1813, of French parentage; died as a missionary among the Choctaw Indians ...
Rousseau, Jean-Baptiste - French poet, b. in Paris, 16 April 1670; d. at La Genette, near Brussels, 17 May, 1741. ...
Rovezzano, Benedetto da - Sculptor and architect, b. in 1490, either at Rovezzano, near Florence, or, according to some ...
Rowsham, Stephen - A native of Oxfordshire, entered Oriel College, Oxford, in 1572. He took orders in the English ...
Royal Declaration, The - This is the name most commonly given to the solemn repudiation of Catholicity which, in ...
Royer-Collard, Pierre-Paul - Philosopher and French politician, b. at Sompuis (Marne), 21 June, 1763; d. at ...
Ruadhan, Saint - One of the twelve "Apostles of Erin" ; died at the monastery of Lorrha, County Tipperary, ...
Ruben - (REUBEN.) A proper name which designates in the Bible : (1) a patriarch; (II) a tribe of ...
Rubens, Peter Paul - Eminent Flemish painter, b. at Siegen, Westphalia, 28 June, 1577; d. at Antwerp, 30 May, 1640. ...
Rubrics - I. IDEA Among the ancients, according to Columella, Vitruvius, and Pliny, the word rubrica , ...
Rubruck, William - (Also called William of Rubruck and less correctly Ruysbrock, Ruysbroek, and Rubruquis), ...
Rudolf of Fulda - Chronicler, d. at Fulda, 8 March, 862. In the monastery of Fulda Rudolf entered the ...
Rudolf of Habsburg - German king, b. 1 May 1218; d. at Speyer, 15 July, 1291. He was the son of Albert IV, the founder ...
Rudolf of Rüdesheim - Bishop of Breslau, b. at Rüdesheim on the Rhine, about 1402; d. at Breslau in Jan., 1482. ...
Rudolf von Ems - [Hohenems in Austria ]. A Middle High German epic poet of the thirteenth century. Almost ...
Rueckers, Family of - Famous organ and piano-forte builders of Antwerp. Hans Rueckers, the founder, lived in ...
Ruffini, Paolo - Physician and mathematician, b. at Valentano in the Duchy of Castro, 3 Sept., 1765; d. at Modena, ...
Rufford Abbey - A monastery of the Cistercian Order, situated on the left bank of the Rainworth Water, about ...
Rufina, Saints - The present Roman Martyrology records saints of this name on the following days: (1) On ...
Rufinus, Saint - The present Roman Martyrology records eleven saints named Rufinus: (1) On 28 February, a ...
Rufus, Saint - The present Roman Martyrology records ten saints of this name. Historical mention is made of ...
Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza, Juan de - Spanish dramatic poet, b. at Mexico City, about 1580; d. at Madrid, 4 August, 1639. He received ...
Ruiz de Montoya, Antonio - One of the most distinguished pioneers of the original Jesuit mission in Paraguay, and a ...
Ruiz de Montoya, Diego - Theologian, b. at Seville, 1562; d. there 15 March, 1632. He entered the Society of Jesus in ...
Rule of Faith, The - The word rule ( Latin regula , Gr. kanon ) means a standard by which something can be ...
Rule of St. Augustine - The title, Rule of Saint Augustine , has been applied to each of the following documents: ...
Rule of St. Benedict - This work holds the first place among monastic legislative codes, and was by far the most ...
Rumania - A kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula, situated between the Black Sea, the Danube, the Carpathian ...
Rumohr, Karl Friedrich - Art historian, b. at Dresden, 1785; d. there, 1843. He became a Catholic in 1804. He was ...
Rupe, Alanus de - ( Sometimes DE LA ROCHE). Born about 1428; died at Zwolle in Holland, 8 September, 1475. ...
Rupert, Saint - (Alternative forms, Ruprecht, Hrodperht, Hrodpreht, Roudbertus, Rudbertus, Robert, Ruprecht). ...
Rusaddir - A titular see of Mauritania Tingitana. Rusaddir is a Phoenician settlement whose name ...
Rusicade - A titular see of Numidia. It is mentioned by Ptolemy (IV, 3), Mela (I, 33), Pliny (V, 22), ...
Ruspe - Titular see of Byzacena in Africa, mentioned only by Ptolemy (IV, 3) and the "Tabula" of ...
Russell, Charles - (BARON RUSSELL OF KILLOWEN). Born at Newry, Ireland, 10 November, 1832; died in London, 10 ...
Russell, Charles William - Born at Killough, Co. Down, 14 May, 1812; died at Dublin 26 Feb., 1880. He was descended from the ...
Russell, Richard - Bishop of Vizéu in Portugal, b. in Berkshire, 1630; d. at Vizéu, 15 Nov., 1693. He ...
Russia - GEOGRAPHY Russia ( Rossiiskaia Imperiia; Russkoe Gosudarstvo ) comprises the greater part of ...
Russia, The Religion of - A. The Origin of Russian Christianity There are two theories in regard to the early Christianity ...
Russian Language and Literature - The subject will be treated under the following heads, viz. RUSSIAN LANGUAGE; ANCIENT POPULAR ...
Rusticus of Narbonne, Saint - Born either at Marseilles or at Narbonnaise, Gaul; died 26 Oct., 461. According to biographers, ...
Ruth, Book of - One of the proto-canonical writings of the Old Testament, which derives its name from the heroine ...
Ruthenian Rite - There is, properly speaking, no separate and distinct rite for the Ruthenians, but inasmuch as ...
Ruthenians - (Ruthenian and Russian: Rusin , plural Rusini ) A Slavic people from Southern Russia, ...
Rutter, Henry - ( vere BANISTER) Born 26 Feb., 1755; died 17 September, 1838, near Dodding Green, ...
Ruvo and Bitonto - (RUBENSIS ET BITUNTINENSIS) Diocese in the Province of Bari, Aquileia, Southern Italy. Ruvo, ...
Ruysbroeck, Blessed John - Surnamed the Admirable Doctor, and the Divine Doctor, undoubtedly the foremost of the Flemish ...
Ruysch, John - Astronomer, cartographer, and painter, born at Utrecht about 1460; died at Cologne, 1533. Little ...
Ryan, Father Abram J. - The poet-priest of the South, born at Norfolk, Virginia, 15 August, 1839; died at Louisville, ...
Ryan, Patrick John - Sixth Bishop and second Archbishop of Philadelphia, b. At Thurles, County Tipperary, ...
Ryder, Henry Ignatius Dudley - English Oratorian priest and controversialist, b. 3 Jan., 1837; d. at Edgbaston, Birmingham, 7 ...
Ryken, Theodore James - Known as B ROTHER F RANCIS X AVIER , founder of the Xaverian Brothers. Born at Elshout, ...

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