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Volume M in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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993 M entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Mâcon, Ancient Diocese of - (MATISCONENSIS) Located in Burgundy. The city of Mâcon, formerly the capital of the ...
Ménard, Léon - Writer, b. at Tarrascon, 12 Sept., 1706; d. in Paris, 1 Oct., 1767. When he had completed his ...
Ménard, Nicolas-Hugues - Of the Congregation of St. Maur, b. in Paris, 1585; d. 21 Jan., 1644. His father was was private ...
Ménard, René - Missionary, b. at Paris, 1604, d. about 10 August, 1661, in what is now Wisconsin. After the ...
Méndez and Gualaquiza - Vicariate Apostolic established by Leo XIII on 3 February, 1893, in the southern part of the ...
Mérida - (EMERITENSIS IN INDIIS) A suffragan see of Santiago of Venezuela or Caracas, comprises the ...
Mérode, Frédéric-François-Xavier Ghislain de - A Belgian prelate and statesman, born at Brussels, 1820; died at Rome, 1874. The son of ...
Mège, Antoine-Joseph - A Maurist Benedictine, born in 1625 at Clermont ; died 15 April, 1691, at the monastery of St. ...
Möhler, Johann Adam - Theologian, b. at Igersheim (Würtemberg), 6 April, 1796; d. at Munich, 12 April, 1838. The ...
Mühlbacher, Engelbert - An historian, born at Gresten, Austria, 4 Oct., 1843; died at Vienna, 17 July, 1903. He received ...
Müller, Adam Heinrich - Publicist and political economist , convert, b. at Berlin, 30 June, 1779; d. at Vienna, 17 Jan., ...
Müller, Johann - Physiologist and comparative anatomist, b. at Coblenz, 14 July, 1801; d. at Berlin, 28 April, ...
Müller, Johann - (Regiomontanus). German astronomer, b. in or near Königsberg, a small town in lower ...
Müller, Karl - Professor at Düsseldorf, b. at Darmstadt, 29 Oct., 1818; d. at Neuenahr, 15 Aug., 1893, ...
Münch-Bellinghausen, Baron Eligius Franz Joseph von - (Pseudonym: FRIEDRICH HALM) An Austrian dramatist, born at Cracow, 2 April, 1806; died at ...
Münster - D IOCESE OF M ÜNSTER (M ONASTERIENSIS ). Diocese in the Prussian Province of ...
Münster, University of - The town of Münster in Westphalia obtained its university in 1771 through the initiative ...
Müntz, Eugène - French savant and historian; b. at Soulz-sous--Forêts, near Mülhausen, Alsace, 11 ...
Maassen, Friedrich Bernard Christian - Professor of law, born 24 September, 1823, at Wismar (Mecklenburg); died 9 April, 1900, at ...
Mabillon, Jean - Benedictine monk of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, born at Saint-Pierremont between Mouzon and ...
Mabinogion - A collection of medieval Welsh tales in prose. The word is a derivation of the mab , "son", ...
Macao - (MACAOENSIS). Diocese ; suffragan of Goa, founded 23 January, 1575, by the Bull "Super ...
Macarius - The name of two celebrated contemporary Nitrian monks of the fourth century: Macarius the ...
Macarius Magnes - A Christian apologist of the end of the fourth century. Some authorities regard the words ...
Macarius of Antioch - A Patriarch, deposed in 681. Macarius's dignity seems to have been a purely honorary one, for ...
Macarius, Saint - Bishop of Jerusalem (312-34). The date of Macarius's accession to the episcopate is found in ...
Maccabee, Judas - Third son of the priest Mathathias who with his family was the centre and soul of the ...
Maccabees, The - (Greek Hoi Makkabaioi ; Latin Machabei ; most probably from Aramaic maqqaba ="hammer"). ...
Maccabees, The Books of - The title of four books, of which the first and second only are regarded by the Church as ...
MacCaghwell, Hugh - (Cavellus). Archbishop and theologian, born at Saul, Co. Down, 1571; died 22 September, 1626. He ...
MacCarthy, Bartholomew - Irish scholar and chronologist, b. at Conna, Ballynoe, Co. Cork, 12 Dec., 1843; d. at ...
MacCarthy, Denis Florence - Well-known Irish poet of the nineteenth century, born in Lower O'Connell Street, Dublin, 26 ...
MacCarthy, Nicholas Tuite - Called the Abbé de Lévignac, born in Dublin on 19 May, 1769; died at Annécy, ...
MacCuilenan, Cormac - (836-908). An Irish bishop and King of Cashel, Cormac MacCquilenan was of the race of ...
MacDonald, John - Laird of Glenaladale and Glenfinnan, philanthropist, colonizer, soldier, born in Glenaladale, ...
MacDonell, Alexander - First Bishop of Kingston, Ontario, Canada, b. 17 July 1760, at Inchlaggan in Glengarry, ...
Mace - (1) A short, richly ornamented staff, often made of silver, the upper part furnished with a knob ...
Macedo, Francisco - Known as a S. Augustino, O.F.M., theologian, born at Coimbra, Portugal, 1596; he entered the ...
Macedonians - (Macedonians) A heretical sect which flourished in the countries adjacent to the Hellespont ...
Macerata and Tolentino - Located in the Marches, Central Italy. Macerata is a provincial capital, situated on a hill, ...
MacFarland, Francis Patrick - Third Bishop of Hartford born at Franklin, Pennsylvania, 16 April, 1819; died at Hartford, ...
MacGeoghegan, James - Born at Uisneach, Westmeath, Ireland, 1702; died at Paris, 1763. He came of a long family long ...
Machabees, The - (Greek Hoi Makkabaioi ; Latin Machabei ; most probably from Aramaic maqqaba ="hammer"). ...
Machabees, The Books of - The title of four books, of which the first and second only are regarded by the Church as ...
Machabeus, Judas - Third son of the priest Mathathias who with his family was the centre and soul of the ...
MacHale, John - Born March 6, 1791 at Tubbernavine, Co. Mayo, Ireland ; died at Tuam, November 4, 1881. He ...
Machiavelli - Historian and statesman, b. at Florence, 3 May, 1469; d. there, 22 June, 1527. His family is ...
Machpelah - The burial-place in the vicinity of ancient Hebron which Abraham bought from Ephron the Hethite ...
Machutus, Saint - (Maclovius; Malo). Born about the year 520 probably in Wales and baptized by St. Brendan . ...
Mackenzie - This vicariate which was detached from the Athabaska-Mackenzie Vicariate in 1901 and intrusted to ...
Maclovius, Saint - (Maclovius; Malo). Born about the year 520 probably in Wales and baptized by St. Brendan . ...
MacMahon, Heber - ( Also EMER or EVER). Bishop of Clogher, Ireland, and patriotic leader, born at Farney, ...
MacMahon, Marie-Edmé-Patrice-Maurice de - Duc de Magenta, Marshal of France, President of the French Republic; born at Sully, ...
MacNeven, William James - Distinguished Irish-American physician and medical educator, b. at Ballynahowna, near Aughrim, ...
Macri - (or MACRAS?) A titular see in Mauretania Sitifiensis. This town figures only in the "Notitia ...
Macrina the Elder, Saint - Our knowledge of the life of the elder Macrina is derived mainly from the testimony of the ...
Macrina the Younger, Saint - Born about 330; died 379. She was the eldest child of Basil and Elder Emmelia, the granddaugher of ...
Mactaris - A titular see of the Byzantine Empire. This town is not spoken of by any ancient geographers ...
Madagascar - On the second day of March, 1500, a fleet of thirteen ships, commanded by Pedro Alvarez Cabral, ...
Madaurus - A titular see of Numidia. It was an old Numidian town which, having once belonged to the Kingdom ...
Maderna, Carlo - (1556-1629) known principally by his extension of St. Peter's, at the command of the pope, from ...
Maderno, Stefano - (1576-1636), a sculptor of the Roman School and of the era just preceding Bernini, his ...
Madianites - (In Authorized Version M IDIANITES ). An Arabian tribe ( Septuagint Madienaîoi ...
Madras - (MADRASPATAM; MADRASPATANA) Archdiocese in India. Its area is about 40,350 square miles, and ...
Madrid-Alcalá - (M ATRITENSIS -A LACHENSIS, or C OMPLUTENSUS : Complutum being the name given by the Romans ...
Madruzzi, Christopher - Born of a noble family of Trent, 5 July, 1512; died at Tivoli, Italy, 5 July, 1578. He studied ...
Madura Mission - As shown in the "Atlas Geographicus S.J.", the ancient Jesuit missions in India under the ...
Maedoc, Saint - (MOEDHOG, MOGUE, ÆDDAN FOEDDOG, AIDUS, HUGH) First Bishop of Ferns, in Wexford, b. ...
Maelruan, Saint - (Maolruain, Melruan, Molruan). Founder and first Abbot of Tamalcht (Tallacht), in the County of ...
Maelrubha, Saint - (MA-RUI, MOLROY, ERREW, SUMMARYRUFF, also SAGART-RUADH) An abbot and martyr, founder of ...
Maerlant, Jacob van - The greatest Flemish poet of the Middle Ages, b. about 1235; d. after 1291. Of his life little ...
Maestro di Camera del Papa - In former times there were four so-called palace prelates ( prelati palatini ): the Major ...
Maffei, Bernardino - Poet, orator, and antiquarian, b. at Bergamo, 27 Jan., 1514; d. at Rome, 1 Aug., 1549. He studied ...
Maffei, Francesco - Italian painter, b. at Vicenza ; d. at Padua, 1660. His influence upon the art of his own and ...
Maffei, Marchese Francesco Scipione - Italian littérateur and archaeologist, b. at Verona, 1 June, 1675; d. there, 11 Feb., ...
Maffei, Raffaelo - Humanist, historian and theologian, b. 17 February, 1451; d. 25 January, 1522. He was a native of ...
Magaud, Antoine-Dominique - French painter, b. at Marseilles 1817; d. there, 1899. He studied in Paris under Léon ...
Magdala - ( Hebrew Migdal = tower, fortress; Aramaic Magdala ; Greek Magdala ). It is perhaps the ...
Magdalens - The members of certain religious communities of penitent women who desired to reform their ...
Magdeburg - Capital of the Prussian Province of Saxony, situated on the Elbe; pop. 241,000; it is noted for ...
Mageddo - Chanaanite city, called in Hebrew, Megiddo ; in Septuagint, Mageddó(n) ; in ...
Magellan, Ferdinand - (Portuguese Fernão Magalhaes ). The first circumnavigator of the real world; born ...
Magi - (Plural of Latin magus ; Greek magoi ). The "wise men from the East" who came to adore ...
Magin Catalá - Born at Montblanch, Catalonia, Spain, 29 or 30 January, 1761; died at Santa Clara, California, ...
Maginn, Edward - Coadjutor Bishop of Derry, b. at Fintona, Ireland, 16 Dec., 1802; d. at Derry, 17 January, ...
Magisterium and Tradition - The word tradition (Greek paradosis ) in the ecclesiastical sense, which is the only one in ...
Magistris, Simone de - Born in 1728; died 6 October, 1802; a priest of the Oratorio di S. Filippo Neri, at Rome, whom ...
Magliabechi, Antonio - Italian scholar and librarian, b. 20 Oct., 1633, at Florence ; d. there, 4 July, 1714. He was ...
Magna Carta - The charter of liberties granted by King John of England in 1215 and confirmed with ...
Magnesia - A titular see in Lydia, suffragan of Ephesus, lying about 40 miles north-east of Smyrna and ...
Magnien, Alphonse - An educator of the clergy, born at Bleymard, in the Diocese of Mende , France, 9 June, 1837; ...
Magnificat - The title commonly given to the Latin text and vernacular translation of the Canticle (or Song) ...
Magnus, Olaus - Swedish historian and geographer, b. at Skeninge, Sweden, 1490; d. at Rome, 1 Aug., 1558 [or ...
Magnus, Saint - (MAGNOALDUS, MAGINALDUS, popularly known as ST. MANG) An apostle of the Algäu, d. about ...
Magnus, Valerianus - (M AGNI ) Born at Milan, 1586, presumably of the noble family of de Magni; died at ...
Magrath, John Macrory - Born in Munster, Ireland, in the fifteenth century; date and place of death unknown. Like many ...
Magydus - A titular see of Pamphylia Secunda, suffragan of Perga. It was a small town with no history, on ...
Mahony, Ven. Charles - Irish Franciscan martyr ; b. after 1639; d. at Ruthin, Denbighshire, 12 August, 1679. The British ...
Mai, Angelo - Roman cardinal and celebrated philologist, b. at Schilpario, in the Diocese of Bergamo, 7 March ...
Maignan, Emmanuel - French physicist and theologian ; b. at Toulouse, 17 July, 1601; d. at Toulouse, 29 October, ...
Mailla, Joseph-Anna-Marie de Moyria de - Jesuit missionary; b. 16 Dec., 1669, at Château Maillac on the Isère; d. 28 June, ...
Maillard, Antoine-Simon - Missionary b. in France (parentage, place and date of birth unknown); d. 12 August, 1762. He ...
Maillard, Oliver - Celebrated preacher, b. at Juignac, (?), Brittany, about 1430; d. at Toulouse, 22 July, 1502. He ...
Maimbourg, Louis - French church historian, b. at Nancy, 10 January, 1610; d. at Paris, 13 August, 1686. In 1626 he ...
Maimonides, Teaching of Moses - Moses ben Maimun (Arabic, Abu Amran Musa), Jewish commentator and philosopher, was born of ...
Maina Indians - (Also M AYNA ) A group of tribes constituting a distinct linguistic stock, the Mainan, ...
Maine - Maine is commonly known as the Pine Tree State, but is sometimes called the Star in the East. ...
Maine de Biran, François-Pierre-Gonthier - A philosopher ; born at Grateloup near Bergerac, Dordogne, France, 29 November, 1766; died at ...
Maintenon, Françoise, Marquise de - Born at Niort, 28 November 1635; died at Saint-Cyr, 15 April 1719. She was the granddaughter of ...
Mainz - German town and bishopric in Hesse [now Rhineland-Palatine -- Ed. ]; formerly the seat of an ...
Maipure Indians - (Maypure) A former important group of tribes on the Upper Orinoco River, from above the Meta ...
Maisonneuve, Paul de Chomedey de - Founder of Montreal, b. in Champagne, France, early in the seventeenth century; d. in Paris, 9 ...
Maistre, Joseph-Marie, Comte de - French philosophical writer, b. at Chambéry, in Savoy, in 1753, when Savoy did not ...
Maistre, Xavier de - French romance writer, younger brother of Joseph-Marie, Comte de Maistre , b. at Chambery, ...
Maitland - (MAITLANDENSIS) Located in New South Wales. Maitland, the principal settlement on Hunter ...
Majano, Benedetto da - A well-known Florentine sculptor and architect of the Renaissance, b. at Majano, Tuscany. ...
Majella, St. Gerard - Born in Muro, about fifty miles south of Naples, in April, 1726; died 16 October, 1755; ...
Majorca and Iviza - (MAJORICENSIS ET IBUSENSIS) A suffragan of Valencia, with the episcopal residence at Palma on ...
Majordomo - (Latin, Major domus ; Italian, Maggiordomo ). The majordomo or chief steward of the ...
Majority - ( Latin majoritas ) Majority, the state of a person or thing greater, or superior, in ...
Majunke, Paul - Catholic journalist, born at Gross-Schmograu in Silesia, 14 July, 1842; died at Hochkirch near ...
Malabar - In its narrower application Malabar was the name of a district of India stretching about 145 ...
Malabar Rites - A conventional term for certain customs or practices of the natives of South India, which the ...
Malacca - (Malacensis) The Diocese of Malacca comprises the southern portions of the Malay Peninsula, ...
Malachias - ( Hebrew Mál'akhî ), one of the twelve minor prophets. I. PERSONAGE AND NAME It ...
Malachy, Saint - St. Malachy, whose family name was O'Morgair, was born in Armagh in 1094. St. Bernard describes ...
Malaga - Diocese of Malaga (Malacitana). Diocese in Spain, by the Concordat of 1851 made a suffragan ...
Malagrida, Gabriel - A Jesuit missionary to Brazil, b. 18 September or 6 December, 1689, at Menaggio, in Italy ; ...
Malatesta, House of - The name of an Italian family prominent in the history of the fourteenth and fifteenth ...
Malchus - (Málchos). Greek form of M ALLUCH (i.e. counsellor), a name common in the Semitic ...
Maldonado, Juan - (MALDONATUS) A theologian and exegete, b. in 1533 at Casas de Reina, in the district of ...
Malebranche, Nicolas - A philosopher and theologian, priest of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri ; b. at Paris, 6 ...
Malediction (in Scripture) - Four principal words are rendered maledictio in the Vulgate, "curse" in Douay Version : (1) ...
Malherbe, François - French poet, b. at Caen, Normandy, in 1555; d. at Paris, 16 October, 1628. He was the eldest son ...
Maliseet Indians - Also MALECITE, MALESCHITE and AMALECITE, the last being the official Canadian form. A tribe ...
Mallard, Ernest-François - A French mineralogist, b. 4 February, 1833, at Châteauneuf-sur-Cher; d. 6 July, 1894, in ...
Mallinckrodt, Herman von - German parliamentarian; born 5 Feb., 1821, at Minden, Westphalia ; died 26 May, 1874, at Berlin. ...
Mallinckrodt, Pauline - A sister of the Catholic political leader Hermann Mallinckrodt , and foundress of the Sisters ...
Malling Abbey - An abbey of Benedictine nuns, at West Malling in the County of Kent, England. The earliest ...
Mallory, Stephen Russell - An American statesman; born in the Island of Trinidad, W. I., 1813; died at Pensacola, Florida, ...
Mallus - A titular see of Cilicia Prima, suffragan of Tarsus. According to legend, Mallus founded by ...
Malmesbury - A small decayed market town in Wiltshire, England, ninety-five miles west of London, formerly the ...
Malmesbury, The Monk of - Supposed author of a chronicle among the Cottonian manuscripts in the British Museum (Vesp. D. ...
Malo, Saint - (Maclovius; Malo). Born about the year 520 probably in Wales and baptized by St. Brendan . ...
Malone, William - Jesuit missioner and writer; born according to the best authorities, in 1585; died at Seville, ...
Malory, Sir Thomas - Of Malory no single biographical statement is beyond conjecture save that he was a knight, that ...
Malpighi, Marcello - Founder of comparative physiology, b. at Crevalcore, 10 March, 1628; d. at Rome, 29 Sept., 1694. ...
Malta - The group of Maltese islands, including Malta (91.5 sq. m.), Gozo (24 3/4 sq. m.), Comine (1 sq. ...
Malta, Knights of - (Also known as K NIGHTS OF M ALTA ). The most important of all the military orders, both ...
Maltret, Claude - (Or M ALTRAIT ) French Jesuit, b. at Puy, 3 Oct., 1621; d. Toulouse, 3 Jan., 1674. He entered ...
Malvenda, Thomas - An exegete and historical critic, b. at Jativa, Valencia, 1566; d. 7 May, 1628. He entered the ...
Malvern - Located in Worcestershire, England, a district covered by a lofty range between the Severn and ...
Mamachi, Thomas Maria - Dominican theologian and historian, born at Chios in the Archipelago, 4 December, 1713; died at ...
Mame, Alfred-Henri-Amand - Printer and publisher, b. at Tours, 17 Aug., 1811; d. at Tours, 12 April, 1893. The founder ...
Mameluco - (From the Arabic, memluk , "slave", the household cavalry of the former sultans of Egypt, ...
Mamertine Prison - The so-called "Mamertine Prison ", beneath the church of S. Giuseppe dei Falegnami, via di ...
Mamertus, Claudianus - (The name Ecdicius is unauthorized). A Gallo-Roman theologian and the brother of St. ...
Mamertus, Saint - Bishop of Vienne, date of birth unknown; died shortly after 475. Concerning the life of ...
Mammon - Mamona ; the spelling Mammona is contrary to the textual evidence and seems not to occur in ...
Man - (Anglo-Saxon man =a person, human being; supposed root man =to think; German, Mann , ...
Manahem - (From a Hebrew meaning "the consoler"; Septuagint, Manaem ; Aquila, Manaen .) Manahem ...
Manahen, Saint - ( Manaen ) A member of the Church of Antioch , foster-brother, or household-friend ( ...
Manasses - The name of seven persons of the Bible , a tribe of Israel , and one of the apocryphal ...
Mance, Jeanne - Foundress of the Montreal Hôtel-Dieu, and one of the first women settlers in Canada, b. ...
Manchester - (MANCHESTERIENSIS) A suffragan of the Archdiocese of Boston, U.S.A. The city of Manchester is ...
Manchuria - A north-eastern division of the Chinese Empire and the cradle of the present [1910] imperial ...
Mandan Indians - A formerly important, but now reduced, tribe occupying jointly with the Hidatsa (Minitari or ...
Mandeville, Jean de - (MAUNDEVILLE, MONTEVILLA) The author of a book of travels much read in the Middle Ages, died ...
Manfredonia - (SIPONTINA) The city of Manfredonia is situated in the province of Foggia in Apulia, Central ...
Mangalore - (M ANGALORENSIS ) Diocese on the west coast of India, suffragan of Bombay. It comprises the ...
Mangan, James Clarence - Irish poet, b. in Dublin, 1 May, 1803; d. there, 20 June, 1849. He was the son of James Mangan, ...
Manharter - A politico-religious sect which arose in Tyrol in the first half of the nineteenth century. Its ...
Manichæism - Manichæism is a religion founded by the Persian Mani in the latter half of the third ...
Manifestation of Conscience - (RATIO CONSCIENTIÆ) A practice in many religious orders and congregations, by which ...
Manila - (DE MANILA) This archdiocese comprises the city of Manila, the provinces of Bataan, Bulacan, ...
Manila Observatory - Founded by Father Frederic Faura, S.J., in 1865; constituted officially The Philippine Weather ...
Maniple - Form, Material, and Use The maniple is an ornamental vestment in the form of a band, a little ...
Manitoba - One of the smallest, but economically and historically one of the most important, of the Canadian ...
Mann, Theodore Augustine - English naturalist and historian, b. in Yorkshire, 22 June, 1735; d. at Prague in Bohemia, 23 ...
Manna - (Greek man, manna ; Latin man, manna ). The food miraculously sent to the Israelites ...
Manning, Henry Edward - Cardinal Priest of Sts. Andrew and Gregory on the Coelian Hill and second Archbishop of ...
Mannyng, Robert - Poet. He came from Bourne in Lincolnshire, England. From his own account he entered the house of ...
Mansard, François - (Also spelled Mansart ). French architect, born in Paris, probably of Italian stock, in ...
Mansard, Jules - French architect, grand-nephew of François, was originally Jules Hardouin, but took the ...
Mansi, Gian Domenico - Italian prelate and scholar born at Lucca, of a patrician family, 16 February, 1692; died ...
Mantegna, Andrea - Italian painter ; born according to some authorities, at Vicenza, according to others at ...
Mantelletta - An outer vestment reaching to the knees, open in front, with slits instead of sleeves on the ...
Mantua - Diocese of Mantua (Mantuana), in Lombardy. The city is situated on the Mincio River, which ...
Mantuanus, Baptista - (Or SPAGNOLI). Carmelite and Renaissance poet, born at Mantua, 17 April, 1447, where he also ...
Manu, The Laws of - "The Laws of Manu" is the English designation commonly applied to the "Manava Dharma-sastra", a ...
Manuel Chysoloras - First teacher of Greek in Italy, born at Constantinople about the middle of the fourteenth ...
Manuscripts - Every book written by hand on flexible material and intended to be placed in a library is called ...
Manuscripts of the Bible - Manuscripts are written, as opposed to printed, copies of the original text or of a version ...
Manuscripts, Illuminated - I. ORIGIN A large number of manuscripts are covered with painted ornaments which may be ...
Manuterge - The name given to the towel used by the priest when engaged liturgically. There are two kinds of ...
Manutius, Aldus - (Aldo Manuzio). Scholar and printer; born in 1450, at Sermoneta, near Rome ; died in 1515. He ...
Manzoni, Alessandro - Italian poet and novelist, b. at Milan, 7 March, 1785; d. 22 May, 1873. He was the son of Pietro ...
Map, Walter - (Sometimes wrongly written M APS ) Archdeacon of Oxford, b. at, or in the vicinity of, ...
Maphrian - The Syriac word mafriano signifies one who fructifies, a consecrator. It is used to designate ...
Maréchal, Ambrose - The third Archbishop of Baltimore ; born at Ingres near Orléans, France, 28 August, ...
Maran, Prudentius - A learned Benedictine of the Maurist Congregation, b. 14 October, 1683, at Sezanne, in the ...
Marash - An Armenian Catholic Diocese. The ancient name of this village was most probably Germanicia, ...
Maratta, Carlo - An Italian painter, b. at Camerino, in the Rome, 15 December, 1713. From very early years ...
Marbodius - Bishop of Rennes, ecclesiastical writer and hymnologist, b. about 1035 at Angers, France, d. ...
Marca, Pierre de - French bishop and scholar, b. at Gan in Béarn, 24 Jan., 1594, of a family distinguished ...
Marcellian and Mark, Saints - Martyred at Rome under Diocletian towards the end of the third century, most likely in 286. ...
Marcellina, Saint - The only sister of St. Ambrose of Milan , b. about 330-5; d. about 398. She was older than St. ...
Marcellinus Comes - Latin chronicler of the sixth century. He was an Illyrian by birth, but spent his life at the ...
Marcellinus of Civezza, O.F.M. - (In the world PITRO RANISE) Modern Franciscan author, born at Civezza in Liguria, Italy, 29 ...
Marcellinus, Flavius - Date of birth unknown; died 12 September, 413. He was a high official ( tribunus et notarius ) ...
Marcellinus, Pope - Date of birth unknown; elected 30 June, 296; died 304. According to the "Liber Pontificalis" he ...
Marcello, Benedetto - Born in Venice in 1696; died at Brescia in July, 1739. Marcello's life was a strange mixture of ...
Marcellus I, Saint, Pope - His date of birth unknown; elected pope in May or June, 308; died in 309. For some time after ...
Marcellus II, Pope - (MARCELLO CERVINI DEGLI SPANNOCHI) Born 6 May, 1501, at Montepulciano in Tuscany ; died 6 ...
Marcellus of Ancyra - One of the bishops present at the Councils of Ancyra and of Nicaea, a strong opponent of ...
March, Auzias - A Catalan poet, b. perhaps in the last quarter of the fourteenth century, at Valencia ; d. there ...
Marchand, Jean Baptiste - Second principal in order of succession of the Sulpician College of Montreal and missionary of ...
Marchant, Peter - A theologian, b. at Couvin, a village in the principality of Liège, in 1585; d. at ...
Marchesi, Pompeo - A Lombard sculptor of the neoclassic school, born at Saltrio, near Milan, 7 August, 1790; ...
Marchi, Giuseppe - An archeologist, born at Tolmezzo near Udine, 22 Feb., 1795; died at Rome, 10 Feb., 1860. He ...
Marcian - (M ARCIANUS, Markiânos ) Roman Emperor at Constantinople, b. in Thrace about 390; d. ...
Marciane - A titular see of Lycia, suffragan of Myra. It figures in the "Notitiae episcopatuum" from ...
Marcianopolis - A titular see in Lower Maesia, on the right bank of the Danube, so called by Trajan after his ...
Marcionites - Heretical sect founded in A.D. 144 at Rome by Marcion and continuing in the West for 300 ...
Marco Polo - Traveller; born at Venice in 1251; died there in 1324. His father Nicolo and his uncle Matteo, ...
Marcopois - A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Edessa. The native name of this city is not known, ...
Marcosians - A sect of Valentinian Gnostics, founded by Marcus and combated at length by Irenaeus (Haer. ...
Marcoux, Joseph - A missionary among the Iroquois, b. in Canada, 16 March, 1791; d. there 29 May, 1855. He was ...
Marcus - The name of three leading Gnostics. I. The founder of the Marcosians and elder contemporary ...
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus - Roman Emperor, A.D. 161-180, born at Rome, 26 April, 121; died 17 March, 180. HIS EARLY LIFE ...
Marcus Diadochus - ( Markos ho diadochos ) An obscure writer of the fourth century of whom nothing is known but ...
Marcus Eremita - ( Markos ho eremites , or monachos , or asketes ). A theologian and ascetic writer ...
Marcus, Pope Saint - Date of birth unknown; consecrated 18 Jan., 336; d. 7 Oct., 336. After the death of Pope ...
Mardin - A residential Armenian archbishopric, a Chaldean bishopric, and a residential Syrian bishopric ...
Marenco - (1) Carlo Italian dramatist, born at Cassolo (or Cassolnuovo) in Piedmont in 1800; died at ...
Marenzio, Luca - Musical composer, born in 1550 at Coccaglia, near Brescia ; died at Rome 1599. His chief legacy ...
Margaret Clitherow, Saint - Martyr, called the "Pearl of York", born about 1556; died 25 March 1586. She was a daughter of ...
Margaret Colona, Blessed - Poor Clare, born in Rome, date uncertain; died there, 20 September, 1284. Her parents died in ...
Margaret Haughery - Margaret Haughery, "the mother of the orphans ", as she was familiarly styled, b. in Cavan, ...
Margaret Mary, Saint - Religious of the Visitation Order. Apostle of the Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, born ...
Margaret of Cortona, Saint - A penitent of the Third Order of St. Francis, born at Laviano in Tuscany in 1247; died at ...
Margaret of Hungary, Blessed - Daughter of King Bela I of Hungary and his wife Marie Laskaris, born 1242; died 18 Jan., 1271. ...
Margaret of Lorraine, Blessed - Duchess d'Alencon, religious of the order of Poor Clares, born in 1463 at the castle of ...
Margaret of Savoy, Blessed - Marchioness of Montferrat, born at Pignerol in 1382; died at Alba, 23 November, 1464. She was the ...
Margaret of Scotland, Saint - Born about 1045, died 16 Nov., 1092, was a daughter of Edward "Outremere", or "the Exile", by ...
Margaret of the Blessed Sacrament - Carmelite nun, b. in Paris, 6 March, 1590; d. there 24 May, 1660. She was the second daughter of ...
Margaret Pole, Blessed - Countess of Salisbury, martyr ; b. at Castle Farley, near Bath, 14 August, 1473; martyred at ...
Margaret, Saint - Virgin and martyr ; also called M ARINA ; belonged to Pisidian Antioch in Asia Minor, where ...
Margaritae - (DECRETI DECRETORUM DECRETALIUM). The canonists of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries who ...
Margil, Antonio - Born at Valencia, Spain, 18 August, 1657; died at Mexico, 6 Aug., 1726. He entered the ...
Margotti, Giacomo - A Catholic publicist, born 11 May, 1823; died 6 May, 1887. He was a native of San Remo, where ...
Maria de Agreda - (Or, according to her conventual title, Maria of Jesus) A discalced Franciscan nun ; born ...
Maria Theresa - Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, Roman-German Empress, born 1717; died ...
Maria-Laach - (Abbatia Beatæ Marle Virginis ad lacum, or Beatæ Marle lacensis) A Benedictine ...
Mariales, Kantes - A Dominican, born about 1580; died at Venice in April, 1660. He was of a noble Venetian ...
Marian Priests - This term is applied to those English priests who being ordained in or before the reign of ...
Mariana - Archdiocese of Mariana (Marianensis). Mariana, situated in the centre of Minas Geraes, the ...
Mariana Islands - The Marianas Archipelago (also called the Ladrone Islands) is a chain of fifteen islands in the ...
Mariana, Juan - Author and Jesuit, b. at Talavern, Toledo, Spain, probably in April, 1536; d. at Toledo, 16 ...
Mariannhill, Congregation of the Missionaries of - Mariannhill is located in Natal, near Pinetown, 15 miles from Durban, and 56 from ...
Marianus of Florence - A Friar Minor and historian, born at Florence about the middle of the fifteenth century, exact ...
Marianus Scotus - There were two Irish scholars of this name who attained distinction in the eleventh century. Both ...
Marie Antoinette - Queen of France. Born at Vienna, 2 November, 1755; executed in Paris, 16 October, 1793. She was ...
Marie Christine of Savoy, Blessed - Born at Cagliari, Sardinia, 14 November, 1812; died at Naples, 31 January, 1836. She was the ...
Marie de France - A French poetess of the twelfth century. She has this trait in common with the other ...
Marie de l'Incarnation, Blessed - Known also as Madame Acarie, foundress of the French Carmel, born in Paris, 1 February, 1566; died ...
Marie de l'Incarnation, Venerable - (In the world, MARIE GUYARD). First superior of the Ursulines of Quebec , born at Tours, ...
Marienberg - A Benedictine abbey of the Congregation of St. Joseph near Mals, Tyrol (in Vintschau). The ...
Marignolli, Giovanni de' - Born at Florence about 1290; place and date of death unknown. When quite a youth he received the ...
Marina - (DE MARINIS) The name of an ancient and noble family of the Republic of Genoa, distinguished ...
Marina, Saint - Virgin and martyr ; also called M ARINA ; belonged to Pisidian Antioch in Asia Minor, where ...
Marini, Luigi Gaetano - A natural philosopher, jurist, historian, archeologist, born at Sant' Orcangelo (pagus ...
Marinus I, Pope - (882-884) There is reason for believing that Marinus I was elected on the very day of the ...
Marinus II, Pope - Reigned 942-946; died in April or May, 946. A Roman, and a cardinal of the title of St. ...
Mariotte, Edme - French physicist, b. at Dijon, France, about 1620; d. at Paris, 12 May, 1684. His residence was ...
Maris, Martha, Audifax, and Abachum, Saints - All martyred at Rome in 270. Maris and his wife Martha, who belonged to the Persian nobility, ...
Marisco, Adam de - (or ADAM MARSH) A Franciscan who probably came from the county of Somerset, but the date ...
Mariscotti, Saint Hyacintha - A religious of the Third Order of St. Francis and foundress of the Sacconi; born 1585 of a noble ...
Marius Aventicus, Saint - (Or AVENTICENSIS) Bishop of Avenches (Switzerland) and chronicler, born about 530 in the ...
Marius Maximus, Lucius Perpetuus Aurelianus - Roman historian, lived c. 165-230. No connected account of his life exists, but he is frequently ...
Marius Mercator - Ecclesiastical writer, born probably in Northern Africa about 390; died shortly after 451. In 417 ...
Mark and Marcellian, Saints - Martyred at Rome under Diocletian towards the end of the third century, most likely in 286. ...
Mark of Lisbon - (Properly MARCOS DA SILVA). Friar minor, historian, and Bishop of Oporto in Portugal, b. at ...
Mark, Gospel of - The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Contents, Selection and Arrangement of ...
Mark, Pope Saint - Date of birth unknown; consecrated 18 Jan., 336; d. 7 Oct., 336. After the death of Pope ...
Mark, Saint - (Greek Markos , Latin Marcus ). It is assumed in this article that the individual ...
Maroni, Paul - Missionary, b. 1 Nov., 1695. He entered the Austrian province of the Jesuits on 27 Oct., 1712, ...
Maronia - A titular see in the province of Rhodopis, suffragan of Trajanopolis. The town is an ancient ...
Maronites - This article will give first the present state of the Maronite nation and Church ; after which ...
Marquesas Islands - (INSULARUM MARCHESI) Located in Polynesia, includes all the Marquesas Islands, eleven in ...
Marquette (Michigan) - (SAULT STE. MARIE and MARQUETTE, MARIANOPOLITANA ET MARQUETTENSIS) The Diocese comprises the ...
Marquette League - A society founded in New York, in May, 1904, by Rev. H.G. Ganss, of Lancaster, Pa., with a ...
Marquette University - Marquette University of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is an outgrowth of Marquette College, which was ...
Marquette, Jacques - Jesuit missionary and discoverer of the Mississippi River, b. in 1636, at Laon, a town in north ...
Marriage Banns - (Latin bannum , pl. bann-a,-i from an Old English verb, bannan , to summon). In ...
Marriage, Civil - "Marriage", says Bishop, "as distinguished from the agreement to marry and from the act of ...
Marriage, History of - The word marriage may be taken to denote the action, contract, formality, or ceremony by which ...
Marriage, Mixed - (Latin Matrimonia mixta ). Technically, mixed marriages are those between Catholics and ...
Marriage, Moral and Canonical Aspect of - Marriage is that individual union through which man and woman by their reciprocal rights ...
Marriage, Mystical - In the Old and the New Testament , the love of God for man, and, in particular His relations ...
Marriage, Putative - Putative (Latin, putativus supposed) signifies that which is commonly thought, reputed, or ...
Marriage, Ritual of - The form for the celebration of the Sacrament of Matrimony, as it stands in the "Rituale Romanum" ...
Marriage, Sacrament of - That Christian marriage (i.e. marriage between baptized persons ) is really a sacrament of ...
Marriage, Validation of - Validation of marriage may be effected by a simple renewal of consent when its nullity arises ...
Marryat, Florence - Novelist and actress, b. 9 July, 1838, at Brighton, England ; d. 27 October 1899, in London, ...
Marseilles - Diocese of Marseilles (Massiliensis), suffragan of Aix, comprises the district of Marseilles in ...
Marshall Islands - (Vicariate Apostolic.) These islands, a German possession since 1885, lying in the Pacific ...
Marshall, Thomas William - Controversial writer, b. 1818; d. at Surbiton, Surrey, 14 Dec., 1877. He was son of John Marshall, ...
Marsi - (MARSORUM.) Diocese in the province of Aquila, Central Italy, with its seat at Pescina. With ...
Marsico Nuovo and Potenza - (MARSICENSIS ET POTENTINA) Suffragan diocese of Salerno. Marsico Nuevo is a city of the ...
Marsigli, Luigi Ferdinando, Count de - Italian geographer and naturalist, b. at Bologna 10 July, 1658; d. at Bologna 1 Nov., 1730. He ...
Marsilius of Padua - Physician and theologian, b. at Padua about 1270; d. about 1342. Contrary to the assertion of ...
Martène, Edmond - An historian and liturgist, born 22 December, 1654, at Saint-Jean-de-Losne near Dijon ; died 20 ...
Martín, Enrico - Date and place of birth unknown; d. in Mexico in 1632. According to some he was of Spanish ...
Martel, Charles - Born about 688; died at Quierzy on the Oise, 21 October, 741. He was the natural son of Pepin of ...
Martha, Maris, Audifax, and Abachum, Saints - All martyred at Rome in 270. Maris and his wife Martha, who belonged to the Persian nobility, ...
Martha, Saint - Mentioned only in Luke 10:38-42 ; and John 11, 12, sqq. The Aramaic form occurs in a ...
Martial, Saint - Bishop of Limoges in the third century. We have no accurate information as to the origin, ...
Martiall, John - (Or MARSHALL) Born in Worcestershire 1534, died at Lille, 3 April, 1597. He was one of the six ...
Martianay, Jean - Born 30 Dec., 1647, at Saint-Sever-Cap, Diocese of Aire ; died 16 June, 1717, at Saint ...
Martianus Capella - Roman writer of Africa who flourished in the fifth century. His work is entitled: "De nuptiis ...
Martigny, Joseph-Alexander - Canon of Belley, archaeologist; b. at Sauverny, Ain, in 1808; d at Belley, 19 August, 1880. He ...
Martin - Benedictine Abbot of the Schottenkloster of Vienna, b. about 1400; d. 28 July, 1464 (29 July ...
Martin I, Pope Saint - Martyr, born at Todi on the Tiber, son of Fabricius ; elected Pope at Rome, 21 July, 649, to ...
Martin II, Pope - Reigned 942-946; died in April or May, 946. A Roman, and a cardinal of the title of St. ...
Martin IV, Pope - (Simon de Brie). Born at the castle of Montpensier in the old French province of Touraine at ...
Martin of Braga - (Bracara; or, of Dumio). Bishop and ecclesiastical writer; b. about 520 in Pannonia; d. in ...
Martin of Leon, Saint - A priest and canon regular of the Augustinians ; b. at Leon in Spain ( Old Castile ) before ...
Martin of Tours, Saint - Bishop; born at Sabaria (today Steinamanger in German, or Szombathely in Hungarian ), Pannonia ...
Martin of Troppau - A chronicler, date of birth unknown; died 1278. His family name was Strebski, and, being by ...
Martin of Valencia, O.F.M. - (Juan Martin de Boil) Born at Villa de Valencia, Spain, about the middle of the fifteenth ...
Martin V, Pope - (Oddone Colonna) Born at Genazzano in the Campagna di Roma, 1368; died at Rome, 20 Feb., 1431. ...
Martin y Garcia, Luis - Twenty-fourth General of the Society of Jesus ; born of humble parentage at Melgar de ...
Martin, Felix - Antiquary, historiographer, architect, educationist, b. 4 October, 1804, at Auray, seat of the ...
Martin, Gregory - Translator of the Douai Version of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate ; b. in Maxfield, parish ...
Martin, Konrad - Bishop of Paderborn ; b. 18 May, 1812, at Geismar, Province of Saxony ; d. 16 July, 1879, at ...
Martin, Paulin - French Biblical scholar, born at Lacam, Lot, 20 July 1840; died at Amélie-les-Bains, ...
Martina, Saint - Roman virgin, martyred in 226, according to some authorities, more probably in 228, under the ...
Martini, Antonio - Archbishop of Florence, Biblical scholar; b. at Prato in Tuscany, 20 April, 1720; d. at ...
Martini, Martino - (Chinese name Wei ). Distinguished Austrian Jesuit missionary to the Chinese, in the ...
Martini, Simone - (Also known as SIMONE DI MARTINO, and as SIMONE MEMMI). Sienese painter, born in Siena, 1283; ...
Martinian and Processus, Saints - The dates of these martyrs are unknown. The "Martyrologium Hieronymianum" (ed. De ...
Martinique - (SANCTI PETRI ET ARCIS GALLICAÆ) Diocese ; Martinique is one of the French Lesser ...
Martinov, John - Born 7 October, 1821; died 26 April, 1894. Having passed through his university course at St. ...
Martinsberg - (Or P ANNONHALMA ) An important Benedictine abbey in Hungary about fourteen English miles ...
Martinuzzi, George - Monk, bishop, cardinal, b. at Kamicac, Dalmatia, 1482; d. 16 December, 1551. His real name was ...
Martyr - The Greek word martus signifies a witness who testifies to a fact of which he has knowledge ...
Martyr d'Anghiera, Peter - Historian of Spain and of the discoveries of her representatives, b. at Arona, near Anghiera, on ...
Martyrology - By martyrology is understood a catalogue of martyrs and saints arranged according to the ...
Martyropolis - A titular see, suffragan of Amida in the Province of Mesopotamia or Armenia Quarta. It was ...
Martyrs in China - The first Christian martyrs in China appear to have been the missionaries of Ili Bâliq ...
Martyrs, Acts of the - In a strict sense the Acts of the Martyrs are the official records of the trials of early ...
Martyrs, Japanese - There is not in the whole history of the Church a single people who can offer to the ...
Martyrs, The Ten Thousand - On two days is a group of ten thousand martyrs mentioned in the Roman Martyrology. On 18 March: ...
Maruthas, Saint - Bishop of Tagrit or Maypherkat in Mesopotamia, friend of St. John Chrysostom , d. before 420. ...
Mary Anne de Paredes, Blessed - Born at Quito, Ecuador, 31 Oct. 1618; died at Quito, 26 May, 1645. On both sides of her family ...
Mary de Cervellione - (or DE CERVELLO) Popularly styled "de Socos" (of Help). Born about 1230 at Barcelona ; ...
Mary de Sales Chappuis, Venerable - (MARIE-THÉRÈSE CHAPPUIS) Belonging to the Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary, ...
Mary Frances of the Five Wounds of Jesus, Saint - Of the Third Order of St. Francis , b. at Naples, 25 March, 1715; d. there, 6 October, 1791. ...
Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi, Saint - Carmelite Virgin, born 2 April, 1566; died 25 May, 1607. Of outward events there were very few in ...
Mary Magdalen, Saint - Mary Magdalen was so called either from Magdala near Tiberias, on the west shore of Galilee, or ...
Mary of Cleophas - This title occurs only in John, xix, 25. A comparison of the lists of those who stood at the foot ...
Mary of Egypt, Saint - Born probably about 344; died about 421. At the early age of twelve Mary left her home and came to ...
Mary of Romans 16:6 - Unknown outside of this single verse ( omans 16:6 ). She had "laboured much among" the Roman ...
Mary Queen of Scots - Mary Stuart, born at Linlithgow, 8 December, 1542; died at Fotheringay, 8 February, 1587. She was ...
Mary Tudor - Queen of England from 1553 to 1558; born 18 February, 1516; died 17 November, 1558. Mary was the ...
Mary, Blessed Virgin, The - The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God. In general, the ...
Mary, Children of - The Sodality of Children of Mary Immaculate owes its origin to the manifestation of the Virgin ...
Mary, Devotion to the Heart of - As in the article on Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus , this subject will be considered ...
Mary, Devotion to the Virgin - Down to the Council of Nicaea Devotion to Our Blessed Lady in its ultimate analysis must be ...
Mary, Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary - The earliest document commemorating this feast comes from the sixth century. St.Romanus, the ...
Mary, Little Brothers of - Generally known as Marist School Brothers. This religious teaching institute is modern in its ...
Mary, Missionaries of the Company of - The Company of Mary was founded by Blessed Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort in 1713. As early as ...
Mary, Mother of John Mark - Mary, the mother of John, who was surnamed Mark ( Acts 12:12 ). We know nothing of her; but from ...
Mary, Name of - (In Scripture and in Catholic use) New Testament, Mariam and sometimes Maria — ...
Mary, Name of - The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God. The Hebrew ...
Mary, Society of (Marist Fathers) - (Initials S.M.) A religious order of priests, so called on account of the special devotion ...
Mary, Society of, of Paris - This society was founded in 1817 by Very Reverend William Joseph Chaminade at Bordeaux, France. ...
Mary, Tomb of the Blessed Virgin - The tomb of the Blessed Virgin is venerated in the Valley of Cedron, near Jerusalem. Modern ...
Maryland - One of the thirteen English colonies which after the Revolution of 1776 became the original States ...
Masaccio - (T OMMASO ). Italian painter, born about 1402, at San Giovanni di Valdarno, a stronghold ...
Mascoutens Indians - A Wisconsin tribe of Algonquian stock of considerable missionary importance in the seventeenth ...
Masolino da Panicale - Son of Cristoforo Fini; b. in the suburb of Panicale di Valdese, near Florence, 1383; d. c. 1440. ...
Mason, Richard Angelus a S. Francisco - English — or Irish — Franciscan writer; b. in Wiltshire, 1599; d. at Douai, 30 ...
Masonry - The subject is treated under the following heads: I. Name and Definition;II. Origin and Early ...
Maspha - Name of several places in the Bible . The Septuagint transcribes Masphá, Massephá, ...
Massé, Enemond - One of the first Jesuits sent to New France ; born at Lyons, 1574; died at Sillery, l2 May, ...
Mass, Chapter and Conventual - As a general rule, churches in which the Divine office is to be said publicly every day must also ...
Mass, Liturgy of the - A. Name and Definition The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the ...
Mass, Music of the - Under this heading will be considered exclusively the texts of the Mass (and not, therefore, the ...
Mass, Nuptial - "Missa pro sponso et sponsa", the last among the votive Masses in the Missal. It is composed of ...
Mass, Parochial - The parish is established to provide the parishioners with the helps of religion, especially ...
Mass, Sacrifice of the - The word Mass ( missa ) first established itself as the general designation for the ...
Massa Candida - Under the date 24 August, the "Martyrologium Romanum" records this commemoration: At Carthage, ...
Massa Carrara - DIOCESE OF MASSA CARRARA (MASSENSIS). Diocese in Central Italy (Lunigiana and Garfagnana). ...
Massa Marittima - (MASSANA) Massa Marittima, in the Province of Grosseto, in Tuscany, first mentioned in the ...
Massachusetts - One of the thirteen original United States of America . The Commonwealth of Massachusetts covers ...
Massacre, Saint Bartholomew's Day - This massacre of which Protestants were the victims occurred in Paris on 24 August, 1572 (the ...
Massaia, Guglielmo - A Cardinal, born 9 June, 1809, at Piova in Piedmont, Italy ; died at Cremona, 6 August, 1889. ...
Masses, Bequests for - "The efficacy of prayers for the dead ", remarks the Court of Appeals of the State of New York ...
Masses, Bequests for (Canada) - The law governing bequests, being concerned with "property and civil rights ", falls within ...
Masses, Bequests for (England) - Before the Reformation dispositions of property, whether real or personal, for the purposes of ...
Masses, Devises and Bequests for (United States) - Prior to the period of the Reformation in England in 1532, Masses for the repose of the souls ...
Massillon, Jean-Baptiste - A celebrated French preacher and bishop ; born 24 June, 1663; died 28 September, 1742. The son ...
Massorah - The textual tradition of Hebrew Bible, an official registration of its words, consonants, vowels ...
Massoulié, Antoine - Theologian, born at Toulouse, 28 Oct., 1632; died at Rome, 23 Jan., 1706. At an early age he ...
Massuet, René - Benedictine patrologist, of the Congregation of St. Maur; born 13 August, 1666, at St. Ouen de ...
Massys, Quentin - (MESSYS, METZYS) A painter, born at Louvain in 1466; died at Antwerp in 1530 (bet. 13 July ...
Master of Arts - An academic degree higher than that of Bachelor. The conferring of the degree of Master of Arts, ...
Master of Liesborn, The - A Westphalian painter, who in 1465 executed an altar-piece of note in the Benedictine monastery ...
Master of the Sacred Palace - This office (which has always been entrusted to a Friar Preacher) may briefly be described as ...
Mastrius, Bartholomew - Franciscan, philosopher and theologian, born near Forli, at Meldola, Italy, in 1602; died 3 ...
Mataco Indians - (Or Mataguayo). A group of wide tribes of very low culture, ranging over a great part of the ...
Mater - A titular bishopric in the province of Byzantium, mentioned as a free city by Pliny under the ...
Materialism - As the word itself signifies, Materialism is a philosophical system which regards matter as the ...
Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feast of the - Second Sunday in October. The object of this feast is to commemorate the dignity of the Mary ...
Mathathias - The name of ten persons of the Bible , variant in both Hebrew and Greek of Old Testament and in ...
Mathew, Theobald - Apostle of Temperance, born at Thomastown Castle, near Cashel, Tipperary, Ireland, 10 October, ...
Mathieu, François-Désiré - Bishop and cardinal, born 27 May, 1839; died 26 October, 1908. Born of humble family at ...
Mathusala - One of the Hebrew patriarchs, mentioned in Genesis 5. The word is variously given as Mathusale ...
Matilda of Canossa - Countess of Tuscany, daughter and heiress of the Marquess Boniface of Tuscany, and Beatrice, ...
Matilda, Saint - Queen of Germany, wife of King Henry I (The Fowler), b. at the Villa of Engern in Westphalia, ...
Matilda, Saint - (MATILDA VON HACKEBORN-WIPPRA). Benedictine; born in 1240 or 1241 at the ancestral castle of ...
Matins - I. NAME The word "Matins" ( Latin Matutinum or Matutinae ), comes from Matuta , the Latin ...
Matricula - A term having several meanings in the field of Christian antiquity. (1) The word is applied ...
Matteo da Siena - (Matteo di Giovanni di Bartolo). Painter, born at Borgo San Sepolcro, c. 1435; died 1495. His ...
Matteo di Termini - (Matteo Di Termini), born in the first half of the thirteenth century, at Termini, a village of ...
Matteo of Aquasparta - A celebrated Italian Franciscan, born at Aquasparta in the Diocese of Todi , Umbria, about ...
Matter - (Greek hyle ; Latin materia ; French matière ; German materie and stoff ), ...
Matteucci, Carlo - Physicist, born at Forli, in the Romagna, 21 June, 1811; died at Ardenza, near Leghorn, 25 July, ...
Matthew of Bassi - Founder and first Superior-General of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchins, the principal branch ...
Matthew of Cracow - Renowned scholar and preacher of the fourteenth century, b. at Cracow about 1335, d. at Pisa, 5 ...
Matthew, Gospel of Saint - I. CANONICITY The earliest Christian communities looked upon the books of the Old Testament as ...
Matthew, Saint - Apostle and evangelist. The name Matthew is derived from the Hebrew Mattija , being ...
Matthew, Sir Tobie - English priest, born at Salisbury, 3 October, 1577, died at Ghent, 13 October, 1655. He was the ...
Matthias Corvinus - King of Hungary, son of Janos Hunyady and Elizabeth Szilagyi of Horogssey, was born at ...
Matthias of Neuburg - Also NEUENBURG (NEOBURGENSIS). Chronicler, born towards the close of the thirteenth century, ...
Matthias, Saint - Apostle. The Greek Matthias (or, in some manuscripts, Maththias ), is a name derived ...
Maundy Thursday - The feast of Maundy (or Holy) Thursday solemnly commemorates the institution of the Eucharist ...
Maunoury, Auguste-François - Hellenist and exegete, b. at Champsecret, Orne, France, 30 Oct., 1811; d. at Séez, ...
Maurice - (Matricius, Maurikios ). Roman Emperor, born in 539; died in November, 602. He sprang from ...
Maurice, Saint - Leader ( primicerius ) of the Theban Legion, massacred at Agaunum, about 287 (286, 297, 302, ...
Maurists, The - A congregation of Benedictine monks in France, whose history extends from 1618 to 1818. It ...
Maurus Magnentius Rabanus, Blessed - ( Also Hrabanus, Reabanus). Abbot of Fulda, Archbishop of Mainz, celebrated theological ...
Maurus, Saint - Deacon, son of Equitius, a nobleman of Rome, but claimed also by Fondi, Gallipoli, Lavello ...
Maurus, Sylvester - Writer on philosophy and theology, b. at Spoleto, 31 Dec., 1619; d. in Rome, 13 Jan., 1687. He ...
Maury, Jean-Siffrein - Cardinal and statesman, born at Valréas, near Avignon, 26 June, 1746; died at Rome on ...
Maxentius, Joannes - Joannes Maxentius, leader of the so-called Scythian monks, appears in history at Constantinople ...
Maxentius, Marcus Aurelius - Roman Emperor 306-12, son of the Emperor Maximinianus Herculius and son-in-law of the chief ...
Maxfield, Venerable Thomas - ( Vere Macclesfield) English priest and martyr, b. in Stafford gaol, about 1590, martyred ...
Maximianopolis - A titular see of Palestina Secunda, suffragan of Scythopolis. Its ancient name, Adad-Remmon, ...
Maximianus - (MARCUS AURELIUS VALERIUS MAXIMIANUS, surnamed HERCULIUS.) Roman Emperor, was adopted by ...
Maximilian - The name of several martyrs. (1) Maximilian of Antioch A soldier, martyred at Antioch, Jan. ...
Maximilian I - Duke of Bavaria, 1598-1622, Elector of Bavaria and Lord High Steward of the Holy Roman Empire, ...
Maximinus Thrax - Roman Emperor 235-8, son of a Goth and an Alanic mother. When the Emperor Septimius Severus was ...
Maximinus, Caius Valerius Daja - Under his uncle Augustus Galerius, the Caesar of Syria and Egypt, from the year 305; in 307 ...
Maximinus, Saint - Bishop of Trier, b. at Silly near Poitiers, d. there, 29 May, 352 or 12 Sept., 349. He was ...
Maximopolis - A titular see of Arabia, suffragan of Bostra. The true name of the city is Maximianopolis, and ...
Maximus of Constantinople, Saint - Known as the Theologian and as Maximus Confessor , born at Constantinople about 580; died in ...
Maximus of Turin, Saint - Bishop and theological writer, b. probably in Rhaetia, about 380; d. shortly after 465. Only ...
Maxwell, William - Fifth Earl of Nithsdale (Lord Nithsdale signed as Nithsdaill) and fourteenth Lord Maxwell, b. in ...
Maxwell, Winifred - Countess of Nithsdale, d. at Rome, May, 1749. She was the daughter of William, first Marquis of ...
Maya Indians - The most important of the cultured native peoples of North America, both in the degree of their ...
Mayer, Christian - Moravian astronomer, born at Mederizenhi in Moravia, 20 Aug., 1719, died at Heidelberg, 16 ...
Mayhew, Edward - Born in 1569; died 14 September, 1625. He belonged to the old English family of Mayhew or Mayow of ...
Mayne, Blessed Cuthbert - Martyr, b. at Yorkston, near Barnstaple, Devonshire ( baptized 20 March, 1543-4); d. at ...
Maynooth College - The National College of Saint Patrick, at Maynooth in County Kildare, about twelve miles from ...
Mayo Indians - An important tribe occupying some fifteen towns on Mayo and Fuerte rivers, southern Sonora and ...
Mayo, School of - (Irish Magh Eo , which means, according to Colgan, the Plain of the Oaks, and, according to ...
Mayor, John - (MAJOR, MAIR; also called JOANNES MAJORIS and HADDINGTONUS SCOTUS) A Scotch philosopher and ...
Mayoruna Indians - A noted and savage tribe of Panoan linguistic stock, ranging the forests between the Ucayali, the ...
Mayotte, Nossi-Bé, and Comoro - PREFECTURE APOSTOLIC OF MAYOTTE, NOSSI-BE, AND COMORO (MAYOTTÆ, NOSSIBEÆ, ET ...
Mayr, Beda - A Bavarian Benedictine philosopher, apologist, and poet, b. 15 January, 1742 at Daiting near ...
Mayron, Francis - (DE MAYRONIS) Born about 1280, probably at Mayronnes, Department of Basses-Alpes, he entered ...
Mazarin, Jules - Born either at Rome or at Piscina in the Abruzzi, of a very old Sicilian family, 14 July, 1602; ...
Mazatec Indians - An important Mexican tribe of Zapotecan linguistic stock, occupying the mountain region of ...
Mazenod, Charles Joseph Eugene de - Bishop of Marseilles, and founder of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, b. at ...
Mazzara del Vallo - DIOCESE OF MAZZARA DEL VALLO (MAZARIENSIS). The city is situated in the province of Trepani, ...
Mazzella, Camillo - Theologian and cardinal, born at Vitulano, 10 Feb., 1833; d. at Rome, 26 March, 1900. He ...
Mazzolini, Lodovico - (Also known as MAZZOLINI DA FERRARA, LODOVICO FERRARESA, and IL FERRARESE) Italian painter, b. ...
Mazzolini, Sylvester - (M OZOLINI, also P RIERIAS ) Theologian, b. at Priero, Piedmont, 1460; d. at Rome, ...
Mazzuchelli, Pietro Francesco - (Also known as IL MORAZZONE, MARAZZONE, and MORANZONE). Milanese painter, b. at Moranzone near ...
Mbaya Indians - (Guaycurü) A predatory tribe formerly ranging on both sides of the Paraguay River, on the ...
McCabe, Edward - Cardinal, born in Dublin, 1816; died at Kingstown, 11 February, 1885; he was the son of poor ...
McCarthy, Justin - Irish politician, journalist, novelist, and historian, b. at Cork, 22 Nov., 1830; d. at ...
McCloskey, William George - Bishop of Louisville, Kentucky, b. at Brooklyn, N.Y., 10 Nov., 1823; d. 17 September, 1909. He ...
McGee, Thomas D'Arcy - An editor, politician, and poet, born at Carlingford, Co. Louth, Ireland, 13 April, 1825; ...
McLoughlin, John - Physician and pioneer, born in the parish of La Riviere du Loup, Canada, 19 October, 1784; died ...
McMahon, Martin Thomas - Soldier, jurist; born at Laprairie, Canada, 21 March, 1838; died in New York, 21 April, 1906. His ...
McMaster, James Alphonsus - An editor, convert, born at Duanesburg, New York, U. S. A., 1 April, 1820; died in Brooklyn, New ...
McQuaid, Bernard John - The first Bishop of Rochester, U. S. A.; born in New York City, 15 December, 1823; died at ...
McSherry, James Jr. - Jurist, son of the author James McSherry ; born at Frederick, Maryland, 30 December, 1842; died ...
McSherry, James Sr. - Author; born at LibertyTown, Frederick County, Maryland, 29 July, 1819; died at Frederick City, ...
McSherry, Richard - Physician; born at Martinsburg, Virginia (now West Virginia ), 21 November, 1817; died ...
Meagher, Thomas Francis - Soldier, politician, b. at Waterford, Ireland, 3 August, 1823; accidentally drowned in the ...
Meath - (MIDENSIS). Diocese in Ireland, suffragan of Armagh. In extent it is the largest diocese in ...
Meaux - (Melsa). A Cistercian abbey about four miles east of Beverley in the East Riding of ...
Meaux, Diocese of - (MELDENSIS.) Meaux comprises the entire department of Seine and Marne, suffragan of Sens ...
Mecca - Mecca, the capital of Arabia and the sacred city of the Mohammedans, is situated in the district ...
Mechanism - There is no constant meaning in the history of philosophy for the word Mechanism. Originally, ...
Mechitar - (MECHITHAR, MEKHITAR, MCHITAR or MOCHTOR, a word which means "Comforter") Mechitar is the name ...
Mechitarists - Armenian Benedictines, founded by Mechitar in 1712. In its inception the order was looked upon ...
Mechlin - ( Latin MECHLINIA; French MALINES; MECHLINIENSIS). Archdiocese comprising the two Belgian ...
Mechtel, Johann - Chronicler; b. 1562 at Pfalzel near Trier (Germany); d. after 1631, perhaps as late as 1653 at ...
Mechtild of Magdeburg - A celebrated medieval mystic, b. of a noble family in Saxony about 1210; d. at the ...
Mechtilde, Saint - (MATILDA VON HACKEBORN-WIPPRA). Benedictine; born in 1240 or 1241 at the ancestral castle of ...
Mecklenburg - A division of the German Empire, consists of the two Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and ...
Medaille, Jean Paul - Jesuit missionary; b. at Carcassonne, the capital of the Department of Aude, France, 29 ...
Medal of Saint Benedict - A medal, originally a cross, dedicated to the devotion in honour of St. Benedict. One ...
Medal, Miraculous - The devotion commonly known as that of the Miraculous Medal owes its origin to Zoe Labore, a ...
Medals, Devotional - A medal may be defined to be a piece of metal, usually in the form of a coin, not used as money, ...
Medardus, Saint - Bishop of Noyon, b. at Salency (Oise) about 456; d. in his episcopal city 8 June, about 545. His ...
Medea - A titular see of Thrace, suffragan of Heraclea. This name and the modern name (Midieh) are ...
Medellín - (MEDELLENSIS). Archdiocese in the Republic of Colombia, Metropolitan of Antioquia and ...
Media and Medes - ( Medía, Mêdoi ). An ancient country of Asia and the inhabitants thereof. The ...
Mediator (Christ as Mediator) - The subject will be treated under the following heads: (1) Definition of the word mediator; (2) ...
Medices, Hieronymus - (DE MEDICIS) Illustrious as a scholastic of acumen and penetration, b. at Camerino in ...
Medici, Catherine de' - Born 13 April, 1519; died 5 January, 1589. She was the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici (II), Duke ...
Medici, House of - A Florentine family, the members of which, having acquired great wealth as bankers, rose in a ...
Medici, Maria de' - Queen of France ; b. at Florence, 26 April, 1573; d. at Cologne, 3 July, 1642. She was a ...
Medicine and Canon Law - In the early centuries the practice of medicine by clerics, whether secular or regular, was not ...
Medicine, History of - The history of medical science, considered as a part of the general history of civilization, ...
Medina, Bartholomew - Dominican theologian, b. at Medina, 1527; d. at Salamanca, 1581. With Dominico Soto , Melchior ...
Medina, Juan de - Theologian ; born 1490; died 1547; he occupied the first rank among the theologians of the ...
Medina, Miguel de - Theologian, born at Belalcazar, Spain, 1489; died at Toledo, May, 1578. He entered the Franciscan ...
Medrano, Francisco - A Spanish lyric poet, b. in Seville, not to be confounded with Sebastian Francisco de Medrano ...
Medulic, Andras - A Croatian painter and engraver, called by Italian authors Medola, Medula, Schiavone, Schiaon, ...
Meehan, Charles Patrick - Irish historical writer and translator, b. in Dublin, 12 July, 1812; d. there 14 March 1890. ...
Megara - A titular see, suffragan to Corinth, in Achaia. The city, which was built on an arid strip of ...
Megarians - The Megarian School is one of the imperfectly Socratic Schools, so called because they developed ...
Mehrerau - Formerly a Benedictine, now a Cistercian Abbey ; situated on Lake Constance, west of Bregenz, in ...
Meignan, Guillaume-René - Cardinal Archbishop of Tours, French apologist and Scriptural exegete, b. at Chauvigné, ...
Meilleur, Jean-Baptiste - French Canadian physician and educator, b. at St. Laurent, P.Q., 9 May, 1796; d. 7 Dec., 1878. He ...
Meinwerk, Blessed - Tenth Bishop of Paderborn, d. 1036: Meinwerk (Meginwerk) was born of the noble family of the ...
Meissen - A former see of north-east Germany. The present city of Meissen, situated in the Kingdom of ...
Meissonier, Ernest - French painter, b. at Lyons 21 February, 1815; d. at Paris, 31 January, 1891. If the Lyonese ...
Meléndez Valdés, Juan - Spanish poet and politician, b. at Ribera del Fresno (Badajoz) 11 March, 1754; d. in exile at ...
Melancthon, Philipp - Collaborator and friend of Luther, born at Bretten (in Unterpfalz, now Baden ), 16 February, ...
Melania (the Younger), Saint - Born at Rome, about 383; died in Jerusalem, 31 December, 439. She was a member of the famous ...
Melbourne - Archdiocese of Melbourne (Melburnen) Located in the state of Victoria, Southeastern ...
Melchers, Paul - Cardinal, Archbishop of Cologne, b. 6 Jan., 1813, at Münster, Westphalia ; d. 14 ...
Melchisedech - [Gr. Melchisedek , from the Hebrew meaning "King of righteousness (Gesenius)] was King of ...
Melchisedechians - A branch of the Monarchians, founded by Theodotus the banker. (See MONARCHIANS.) Another quite ...
Melchites - (Melkites). ORIGIN AND NAME Melchites are the people of Syria, Palestine, and Egypt who ...
Meletius of Antioch - Bishop, b. in Melitene, Lesser Armenia ; d. at Antioch, 381. Before occupying the see of ...
Meletius of Lycopolis - Meletius, Bishop of Lycopolis in Egypt, gave his name to a schism of short duration. There ...
Melfi and Rapolla - DIOCESE OF MELFI AND RAPOLLA (MELPHIENSIS ET RAPOLLENSIS) Diocese in the province of Potenza, ...
Meli, Giovanni - Sicilian poet, b. at Palermo, 4 March, 1740, d. 20 Dec., 1815. He was the son of a goldsmith of ...
Melia, Pius - Italian theologian, b. at Rome, 12 Jan., 1800; d. in London, June 1883. He entered the Society ...
Melissus of Samos - A Greek philosopher, of the Eleatic School, b. at Samos about 470 B.C. It is probable that he ...
Melitene - The residence of an Armenian Catholic see, also a titulary archbishopric. According to Pliny ...
Melito, Saint - Bishop of Sardis, prominent ecclesiastical writer in the latter half of the second century. Few ...
Melk, Abbey and Congregation of - (MOLCK, MELLICUM). Situated on an isolated rock commanding the Danube, Melk has been a noted ...
Melkites - (Melkites). ORIGIN AND NAME Melchites are the people of Syria, Palestine, and Egypt who ...
Melleray - (MELLEARIUM) Melleray, situated in Brittany (Loire-Inférieure), Diocese of Nantes, in ...
Mellifont Abbey - Located three miles from Drogheda, Co. Louth, Diocese of Armagh, it was the first Cistercian ...
Mellitus, Saint - Bishop of London and third Archbishop of Canterbury, d. 24 April, 624. He was the leader of ...
Melo - Located in Uruguay. It was decided in 1897 to erect two sees suffragan to Montevideo, one of ...
Melos - A titular see, suffragan of Naxos in the Cyclades. The name seems to have been derived from a ...
Melozzo da Forlí - An Italian painter of the Umbrian School, b. at Forlì, 1438; d. there 1494. Lanzi's ...
Melrose Abbey - The Abbey of Melrose, located in in Roxburghshire, founded in 1136 by King David I, was the ...
Melrose, Chronicle of - (CHRONICA DE MAILROS) It opens with the year 735, ends abruptly in 1270, and is founded solely ...
Melzi, Francesco - Born at Milan, about 1490; died 1568. He was a mysterious personage. He was a friend of Leonardo ...
Memberton - Principal chief of the Micmac Indians of Nova Scotia at the time of the establishment of the ...
Membre, Zenobius - Born 1645 at Bapaume, Department of Pas-de-Calais, France, he was a member of the Franciscan ...
Memling, Hans - Flemish painter, b. about 1430-35; d. at Bruges 11 August, 1494. This date was discovered ...
Memorial Brasses - Just when memorial brasses first came into use is not known; the earliest existing dated ...
Memory - (Latin memoria ) Memory is the capability of the mind, to store up conscious processes, ...
Memphis - Ancient capital of Egypt ; diocese of the province of Arcadia or Heptanomos, suffragan of ...
Men of Understanding - (HOMINES INTELLIGENTIAE). Name assumed by a heretical sect which in 1410-11 was cited before ...
Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino - Poet, historian and literary critic, b. at Santander, Spain, in 1856; d. at Santander in 1912. ...
Mena, Juan de - Spanish poet, born 1411 at Cordova ; died 1456 at Torrelaguna. Prominent at the court of Juan II ...
Menaion - ( menaîon from mén, "month") The Menaion is the name of the twelve books, one ...
Menas, Saint - Martyr under Diocletian, about 295. According to the Greek Acts published with Latin translation ...
Mencius - (Latinized form of Chinese MENG-TZE, i.e. MENG THE SAGE). Philosopher, b. 371 or 372 B.C. He was ...
Mendíburu, Manuel de - Born at Lima, 29 October, 1805; died 21 January, 1885. He was educated in the University of S. ...
Mendaña de Neyra, Alvaro de - A Spanish navigator and explorer, born in Saragossa, 1541; died in Santa Cruz, Solomon ...
Mende - (MIMATENSIS) This diocese includes the department of Lozère, in France. Suffragan of ...
Mendel, Mendelism - Gregor Johann Mendel (the first name was taken on entrance to his order), b. 22 July, 1822, at ...
Mendes de Silva, João - Better known as Amadeus of Portugal, b. 1420, d. at Milan, 1482, began his religious life in ...
Mendicant Friars - Mendicant Friars are members of those religious orders which, originally, by vow of ...
Mendieta, Jerónimo - A Spanish missionary; born at Vitoria, Spain, 1525; died in the City of Mexico, 9 May, 1604. ...
Mendoza, Diego Hurtade de - A Spanish diplomat and writer, and one of the greatest figures in the history of Spanish ...
Mendoza, Francisco Sarmiento de - A Spanish canonist and bishop ; b. of a noble family at Burgos ; d. 1595, at Jaén. ...
Mendoza, Pedro Gonzalez de - Cardinal and Primate of Spain, b. at Guadalajara, 3 May, 1428; d. there, 11 January, 1495. He ...
Meneses, Osorio Francisco - Spanish painter, b. at Seville, 1630; d. probably in the same place, 1705. It is extraordinary ...
Menestrier, Claude-François - Antiquarian, b. at Lyons, 9 March, 1631; d. at Paris, 21 Jan., 1705. He inherited a taste for ...
Menevia - (MENEVENSIS) Menevia is said to be derived from Menapia , the name of an ancient Roman ...
Mengarini, Gregario - Pioneer missionary of the Flathead tribe and philologist of their language, b. in Rome, 21 July, ...
Mengs, Anthon Rafael - A Bohemian painter, usually regarded as belonging to the Italian or Spanish school, b. at ...
Mennas - Patriarch of Constantinople from 536 to 552. Early in 536 Pope St. Agapetus came to ...
Mennonites - A Protestant denomination of Europe and America which arose in Switzerland in the sixteenth ...
Menochio, Giovanni Stefano - Jesuit biblical scholar, b. at Padua, 1575; d. in Rome, 4 Feb., 1655. He entered the Society of ...
Menologium - Although the word Menologium (in English also written Menology and Menologe) has been in some ...
Menominee Indians - A considerable tribe of Algonquian linguistic stock, formerly ranging over north-eastern ...
Mensa, Mensal Revenue - ( Latin, Mensa, table). The Latin word mensa has for its primitive signification "a table ...
Mensing, John - (MENSINGK) A theologian and celebrated opponent of Luther, born according to some at ...
Mental Reservation - The name applied to a doctrine which has grown out of the common Catholic teaching about lying and ...
Mentelin, Johannes - (MENTEL) Born c. 1410; died 12 Dec., 1478; an eminent German typographer of the fifteenth ...
Menzini, Benedetto - Priest and poet, b. at Florence, 1646; d. at Rome, 7 Sept., 1704. His family being poor, he ...
Mercadé, Eustache - French dramatic poet of the fifteenth century. The dates of his birth and death are not known. ...
Mercedarians - (Order of Our Lady of Mercy). A congregation of men founded in 1218 by St. Peter Nolasco, born ...
Mercier, Louis-Honoré - A French Canadian statesman, b. 15 October, 1840, at Ibervile, Quebec, of a family of farmers; ...
Mercuriali, Geronimo - Better known by his Latin name Mercurialis; famous philologist and physician, b. at Forli, 30 ...
Mercy, Brothers of Our Lady of - Founded at Mechlin in 1839 by Canon J.B. Cornelius Scheppers for the instruction and care of ...
Mercy, Corporal and Spiritual Works of - Mercy as it is here contemplated is said to be a virtue influencing one's will to have ...
Mercy, Sisters of - A congregation of women founded in Dublin, Ireland, in 1827, by Catherine Elizabeth McAuley, ...
Mercy, Sisters of, of St. Borromeo - Originally a pious association of ladies formed in 1626 for the care of the sick in the ...
Meredith, Edward - English Catholic controversialist, b. in 1648, was a son of the rector of Landulph, Cornwall. ...
Merici, Saint Angela - Foundress of the Ursulines, born 21 March, 1474, at Desenzano, a small town on the southwestern ...
Merit - By merit ( meritum ) in general is understood that property of a good work which entitles the ...
Mermillod, Gaspard - Bishop of Lausanne and cardinal, born at Carouge, Switzerland, 22 September, 1824; died in Rome, ...
Merneptah I - (1234?-1214 B.C.), the fourth king of the nineteenth Egyptian dynasty and the supposed Pharaoh ...
Mersenne, Marin - French theologian, philosopher, and mathematician; b. 8 September, 1588, near Oizé (now ...
Mesa - (Greek Mosá ; Moabite Stone, ms‘ ; Hebrew, mys‘ , meaning ...
Mesopotamia, Kurdistan, and Armenia - Created by Gregory XVI on 17 Dec., 1832. Mgr. Trioche, Archbishop of Babylon or Bagdad, became ...
Mesrob - (Also called MASHTOTS) One of the greatest figures in Armenian history, he was born about 361 ...
Messalians - ( Praying folk; participle Pa'el of the Aramaic word meaning "to pray "). An heretical ...
Messene - A titular see, suffragan to Corinth, in Achaia. Under this name at least, the city dates only ...
Messias - (Or Messias .) The Greek form Messias is a transliteration of the Hebrew, Messiah , ...
Messina - (MESSINENSIS) Located in Sicily. The city is situated, in the shape of an amphitheatre, along ...
Messina, Antonello da - Born at Messina, about 1430; died 1497. After studying for some time in Sicily he crossed over ...
Messingham, Thomas - An Irish hagiologist, born in the Diocese of Meath, and studied in the Irish College, Paris, ...
Metalwork in the Service of the Church - From the earliest days the Church has employed utensils and vessels of metal in its liturgical ...
Metaphrastes, Symeon - ( Sumeòn ’o metaphrástes ). The principal compiler of the legends of ...
Metaphysics - I. The Name. II. The Definition. III. The Rejection of Metaphysics.IV. Relation of Metaphysics to ...
Metastasio, Pietro - Italian poet, b. at Rome, 1698; d. at Vienna, 1782. Of humble origins, his father, once a ...
Metcalfe, Edward - Born in Yorkshire, 1792; died a martyr of charity at Leeds, 7 May, 1847. He entered the ...
Metellopolis - A titular see of Phrygia Pacatiana, in Asia Minor. The inscriptions make known a Phrygian town ...
Metempsychosis - (Greek meta empsychos , Latin metempsychosis : French metempsychose : German ...
Metham, Thomas - A knight, confessor of the Faith ; died in York Castle, 1573. He was eldest son of Thomas ...
Methodism - A religious movement which was originated in 1739 by John Wesley in the Anglican Church, and ...
Methodius and Cyril, Saints - (Or CONSTANTINE and METHODIUS). These brothers, the Apostles of the Slavs, were born in ...
Methodius I - Patriarch of Constantinople (842-846), defender of images during the second Iconoclast ...
Methodius of Olympus, Saint - Bishop and ecclesiastical author, date of birth unknown; died a martyr, probably in 311. ...
Methuselah - One of the Hebrew patriarchs, mentioned in Genesis 5. The word is variously given as Mathusale ...
Methymna - A titular see in the island of Lesbos. It was once the second city of the island, and enjoyed ...
Metrophanes of Smyrna - A leader of the faithful Ignatian bishops at the time of the Photian schism (867). Baronius ...
Metropolis - A titular episcopal see and suffragan of Ephesus. Strabo (XIV, 1, 2; XIV, 1, 15), who speaks of ...
Metropolitan - Metropolitan , in ecclesiastical language, refers to whatever relates to the metropolis, the ...
Metternich, Klemens Lothar Wenzel Von - Statesman; born at Coblenz, 15 May, 1773; died at Vienna, 11 June, 1859; son of Count Georg, ...
Metz - A town and bishopric in Lorraine. I. THE TOWN OF METZ In ancient times Metz, then known as ...
Meun, Jean Clopinel de - (Or MEUNG.) French poet, b. c. 1260 in the little city of Meung-sur-Loire; d. at Paris ...
Mexico - GEOGRAPHY The Republic of Mexico is situated at the extreme point of the North American ...
Mexico, Archdiocese of - (MEXICANA.) Boundaries The boundaries of the Diocese of Mexico were at first not well defined. ...
Mezger, Francis, Joseph, and Paul - Three brothers, learned Benedictines of the monastery of St. Peter in Salzburg, and professors ...
Mezzofanti, Giuseppe - A cardinal, the greatest of polyglots, born 19 September, 1774; died 15 March, 1849. He was the ...
Miami Indians - An important tribe of Algonquian stock formerly claiming prior dominion over the whole of what ...
Michael Cærularius - ( Keroulários ). Patriarch of Constantinople (1043-58), author of the second and ...
Michael de Sanctis, Saint - (DE LOS SANTOS). Born at, Vich in Catalonia, 29 September, 1591; died at Valladolid, 10 ...
Michael O'Loghlen - Born at Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland, in 1789; died 1846. Educated at Ennis Academy, and Trinity ...
Michael of Cesena - (MICHELE FUSCHI) A Friar Minor, Minister General of the Franciscan Order, and theologian, ...
Michael Scotus - (SCOTT or SCOT) A thirteenth century mathematician, philosopher, and scholar. He was born in ...
Michael the Archangel, Saint - ( Hebrew "Who is like God ?"). St. Michael is one of the principal angels ; his name was ...
Michael, Military Orders of Saint - (1) A Bavarian Order, founded in 1721 by Elector Joseph Clemens of Cologne, Duke of Bavaria, ...
Michaud, Joseph-François - Historian, born at Albens, Savoy, 1767; died at Passy, 30 September, 1839. He belonged to an ...
Micheas of Ephraim - Also called Michas. In Hebrew the complete form of the name is Mikhayahu or Mikhayehu ...
Micheas, Book of - Micheas (Hebr. Mikhah; Jeremiah 26:18 : Mikhayah keth.), the author of the book which holds the ...
Micheas, Son of Jemla - Also called Michas. In Hebrew the complete form of the name is Mikhayahu or Mikhayehu ...
Michel, Jean - A French dramatic poet of the fifteenth century, who revised and enlarged the mystery of the ...
Michelangelo Buonarroti - Italian sculptor, painter, and architect, b. at Caprese in the valley of the upper Arno, 6 March, ...
Michelians - A German Protestant sect which derives its name from "Michel", the popular designation of its ...
Michelis, Edward - A theologian, born in St. Mauritz, 6 Feb., 1813; died in Luxemburg, 8 June, 1855. After his ...
Michelozzo di Bartolommeo - An architect and sculptor, born at Florence circa 1391; died 1472. He exercised a quiet, but ...
Michigan - The State of Michigan is bounded on the north by Lake Superior, on the east by Canada, Lake Huron ...
Michoacan - (MICHOACANENSIS) Located in Mexico, the Diocese of Michoacan was established in 1536 by Pope ...
Mickiewicz, Adam - Born near Novogrodek, Lithuania, 1798; died at Constantinople, 1855. He studied at Novogrodek ...
Micmacs - ( Souriquois of the early French ) The easternmost of the Algonquin tribes and probably ...
Micrologus - Either a "synopsis" or a "short explanation", and in the Middle Ages used as an equivalent for ...
Middendorp, Jakob - Theologian and historian; b. about 1537 at Oldenzaal, or, according to others, at Ootmarsum, ...
Middle Ages - A term commonly used to designate that period of European history between the fall of the Roman ...
Middlesbrough - (MEDIOBURGENSIS) In medieval history it was known as Myddilburga or Middilburga, with many ...
Midianites - (In Authorized Version M IDIANITES ). An Arabian tribe ( Septuagint Madienaîoi ...
Midrashim - The term commonly designates ancient rabbinical commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures. It is the ...
Midwives - Midwives come under the canon law of the Church in their relation towards two of the sacraments, ...
Migazzi, Christoph Anton - Cardinal, Prince Archbishop of Vienna, b. 1714, in the Tyrol, d. 14 April, 1803, at Vienna. At ...
Mignard, Pierre - A French painter, born at Troyes, 7 November, 1612; died at Paris, 30 May, 1695. Though destined ...
Migne, Jacques-Paul - Priest, and publisher of theological works, born at Saint-Flour, 25 October, 1800; died at Paris, ...
Migration - The movement of populations from place to place is one of the earliest social phenomena history ...
Milan - (MEDIOLANENSIS) Located in Lombardy, northern Italy. The city is situated on the Orona River, ...
Milde, Vinzenz Eduard - Prince- Archbishop of Vienna, born at Brünn, in Moravia, in 1777; died at Vienna in ...
Miles Gerard, Venerable - Martyr ; born about 1550 at Wigan; executed at Rochester 13 (30?) April, 1590. Sprung perhaps ...
Miles, George Henry - A dramatist and man of letters, born in Baltimore, Maryland, 31 July, 1824; died near ...
Mileto - (MILETENSIS) Located in Calabria, in the province of Reggio, southern Italy. According to ...
Miletopolis - A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Cyzicus. Miletopolis was a town north of Mysia, at ...
Miletus - A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Aphrodisias, in Caria. Situated on the western coast ...
Miletus, Vitus - (Originally MÜLLER) A Catholic theologian, born at Gmünd, Swabia, 1549; died at ...
Milevum - A titular see of Numidia. In Ptolemy's "Geography", IV, iii, 7, the city is mentioned under the ...
Milic, Jan - A pre-Hussite reform preacher and religious enthusiast, born at Kremsier in Moravia, died 29 ...
Military Orders, The - Including under this term every kind of brotherhood of knights, secular as well as religious, ...
Millennium and Millenarianism - The fundamental idea of millenarianism, as understood by Christian writers, may be set forth ...
Miller, Ferdinand Von - Born at Fürstenfeldbruck, 1813; died at Munich, 1887. He laboured for the development of ...
Millet, Jean-François - French painter ; b. at Gruchy, near Cherbourg, 4 October, 1814; d. at Barbizon, 20 January, 1875. ...
Millet, Pierre - ( Or Milet). A celebrated early Jesuit missionary in New York State, b. at Bourges, ...
Milner, John - Born in London, 14 October, 1752: died at Wolverhampton, 19 April, 1826. At the age of twelve ...
Milner, Venerable Ralph - Layman and martyr, born at Flacsted, Hants, England, early in the sixteenth century; suffered ...
Milo Crispin - Monk, and cantor of the Benedictine Abbey of Bec ; wrote the lives of five of its abbots : ...
Milopotamos - A titular see of Crete, suffragan of Candia. Certain historians and geographers identify ...
Miltiades, Pope Saint - The year of his birth is not known; he was elected pope in either 310 or 311; died 10 or 11 ...
Miltiz, Karl von - Papal chamberlain and nuncio, b. about 1480, the son of Sigismund von Miltiz, "Landvogt" of ...
Milwaukee - (MILWAUKIENSIS) Established as a diocese, 28 Nov., 1843; became an archbishopric, 12 ...
Mind - (Greek nous ; Latin mens , German Geist , Seele ; French ame esprit ). The word ...
Minden - Diocese of Minden (former see of Westphalia ). Minden on the Weser is first heard of in ...
Ming, John - A philosopher and writer, born at Gyswyl, Unterwalden, Switzerland, 20 Sept., 1838; died at ...
Minimi - Minimi (or M INIMS ) are the members of the religious order founded by St. Francis of Paula. ...
Minister - The term minister has long been appropriated in a distinctive way to the clergy. The language ...
Minkelers, Jean-Pierre - Inventor of illuminating gas; b. at Maastricht, Holland, 1748; d. there 4 July, 1824. At the age ...
Minnesota - One of the North Central States of the American Union, lies about midway between the eastern and ...
Mino di Giovanni - (Called DA FIESOLE.) Born 1431; died 1484. He is inscribed in the "Libro della Matricola" of ...
Minor - ( Latin minor ), that which is less, or inferior in comparison with another, the term being ...
Minor Orders - ( Latin Ordines Minores ). The lower degrees of the hierarchy are designated by the name of ...
Minorca - (Minoricensis). Suffragan of Valencia, comprises the Island of Minorca, the second in size of ...
Minsk - (MINCENSIS) A suffragan of Mohileff, in Western Russia. The city of Minsk is situated on ...
Mint, Papal - The right to coin money being a sovereign prerogative, there can be no papal coins of earlier ...
Minucius Felix - Christian apologist, flourished between 160 and 300; the exact date is not known. His ...
Mirabilia Urbis Romæ - The title of a medieval Latin description of the city of Rome, dating from about 1150. ...
Miracle - (Latin miraculum , from mirari , "to wonder"). In general, a wonderful thing, the word ...
Miracle Plays and Mysteries - These two names are used to designate the religious drama which developed among Christian ...
Miracles, Gift of - The gift of miracles is one of those mentioned by St. Paul in his First Epistle to the ...
Miraculous Medal - The devotion commonly known as that of the Miraculous Medal owes its origin to Zoe Labore, a ...
Miraeus, Aubert - (Also called Aubert le Mire). Ecclesiastical historian, born at Brussels, 30 Nov., 1573; died ...
Mirandola, Giovanni Francesco Pico della - Italian philosopher, nephew of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, b. about 1469; d. 1533. Though very ...
Mirandola, Giovanni Pico della - Italian philosopher and scholar, born 24 February, 1463; died 17 November, 1494. He belonged to a ...
Miridite, Abbey of - (MIRIDITARUM, or SANCTI ALEXANDRI DE OROSHI). The name of an abbatia nullius in Albania, ...
Miserere - The first word of the Vulgate text of Psalm 1 (Hebrew, li). Two other Psalms (lv and lvi) begin ...
Misericorde, Congregation of the Sisters of - A congregation of women founded 16 January, 1848, for the purpose of procuring spiritual and ...
Misocco and Galanca - (MESAUCINAE ET CALANCAE). This prefecture in the canton of Grisons, Switzerland, comprises the ...
Missa Pro Populo - The parish is established to provide the parishioners with the helps of religion, especially ...
Missal - (Latin Missale from Missa , Mass), the book which contains the prayers said by the priest ...
Mission Indians (of California) - A name of no real ethnic significance, but used as a convenient popular and official term to ...
Mission, Congregation of Priests of the - A congregation of secular priests with religious vows founded by St. Vincent de Paul. The ...
Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo, Congregation of - Founded by John Baptist Scalabrini, Bishop of Piacenza, Italy (d. 1 June, 1905); approved in ...
Missionaries of St. Francis de Sales of Annecy - Amid the many activities to which St. Francis devoted himself, he long had the desire to found a ...
Missionary Society of St. Paul the Apostle - Otherwise known as the "Paulist Fathers" A community of priests for giving missions and ...
Missions, California - I. LOWER CALIFORNIA California became known to the world through Hernando Cortés, the ...
Missions, Catholic - The history of Catholic missions would necessarily begin with the missionary labours of Christ, ...
Missions, Catholic Indian, of Canada - The French discoverers of Canada did not fail to impress the aborigines they met with a vague ...
Missions, Catholic Indian, of the United States - The spiritual welfare of the native tribes of America was a subject of deep concern to the ...
Missions, Catholic Parochial - This term is used to designate certain special exertions of the Church's pastoral agencies, ...
Mississippi - Mississippi, one of the United States of America , takes its name from the Mississippi River ...
Missouri - The State of Missouri was carved out of the Louisiana Territory, and derives its name from the ...
Missouri Test-Oath - In January, 1865, there assembled in St. Louis, Missouri, a "Constitutional Convention" composed ...
Mithraism - A pagan religion consisting mainly of the cult of the ancient Indo-Iranian Sun-god Mithra. It ...
Mitre - Form, Material, and Use The mitre is a kind of folding-cap. It consists of two like parts, each ...
Mittarelli, Nicola Giacomo - (In religion GIAN BENEDETTO) A monastic historian, born 2 September, 1707, at Venice ; ...
Mitylene - A titulary archbishopric in the island of Lesbos. Inhabitated, first by the Pelasgians, then by ...
Mivart, St. George Jackson - Corresponding member of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia; Member of the Council of ...
Mixe Indians - (Also Mije, Latin Mi-she) A mountain tribe in southern Mexico, noted for their extreme ...
Mixed Marriage - (Latin Matrimonia mixta ). Technically, mixed marriages are those between Catholics and ...
Mixteca Indians - (Also Misteca, Latin Mish-te-ka) One of the most important civilized tribes of southern ...
Moab, Moabites - In the Old Testament, the word Moab designates (1) a son of Lot by his elder daughter ( ...
Mobile - DIOCESE OF MOBILE ( French MOBILE, Spanish MAUBILA, Latin MOBILIENSIS). Suffragan of New ...
Mocissus - A titular metropolitan see of Cappadocia. Procopius (De ædif., V, iv) informs us that this ...
Mocoví Indians - The name is also written Macobio, Mbocobi, Mocobio. They are a warlike and predatory tribe of the ...
Modalism (Monarchianism) - Heretics of the second and third centuries. The word, Monarchiani , was first used by Tertullian ...
Modena - ARCHDIOCESE OF MODENA (MUTINENSIS) Located in central Italy, between the rivers Secchia and ...
Modernism - Origin of the Word Theory of Theological Modernism The essential error of Modernism ...
Modestus, Vitus, and Crescentia, Saints - According to the legend, martyrs under Diocletian ; feast, 15 June. The earliest testimony for ...
Modigliana - DIOCESE OF MODIGLIANA (MUTILIANENSIS) Located in the Province of Florence, in Tuscany. The city ...
Modra - A titular see of Bithynia Secunda, suffragan of Nicæa. The city of Modra figures only in ...
Mohammed and Mohammedism - I. THE FOUNDER Mohammed, "the Praised One", the prophet of Islam and the founder of ...
Mohammedan Confraternities - The countries where Mohammedanism prevails are full of religious associations, more or less ...
Mohileff - (Mohyloviensis) Latin Catholic archdiocese and ecclesiastical province in Russia. For the ...
Mohr, Christian - Born at Andernach, 1823; died at Cologne, 1888. He practised his profession of sculptor chiefly ...
Mohr, Joseph - Born at Siegburg, Rhine Province, 11 Jan., 1834; died at Munich, 7 February, 1892. Father Mohr did ...
Moigno, François-Napoléon-Marie - Physicist and author, b. at Guéméné (Morbihan), 15 April, 1804; d. at ...
Molai, Jacques de - (DE MOLAY). Born at Rahon, Jura, about 1244; d. at Paris, 18 March, 1314. A Templar at Beaune ...
Molesme, Notre-Dame de - A celebrated Benedictine monastery in a village of the same name, Canton of Laignes ...
Molfetta, Terlizzi, and Giovinazzo - (MELPHICTENSIS, TERLITIENSIS ET JUVENACENSIS) Molfetta is a city of the province of Bari, in ...
Molière, Jean-Baptiste Poquelin - (Properly, JEAN-BAPTISTE POQUELIN, the name by which he became known to fame having been assumed ...
Molina, Antonio De - A Spanish Carthusian and celebrated ascetical writer, born about 1560, at Villanueva de los ...
Molina, Juan Ignacio - (Mol. or Molin). Naturalist and scientist ; b. 20 July, 1740, at Guaraculen near Talca ...
Molina, Luis de - One of the most learned and renown theologians of the Society of Jesus, b. of noble parentage at ...
Molinism - The name used to denote one of the systems which purpose to reconcile grace and free will. This ...
Molinos, Miguel de - Founder of Quietism, born at Muniesa, Spain, 21 December, 1640; died at Rome, 28 December, ...
Molitor, Wilhelm - (Pseudonyms, ULRIC RIESLER and BENNO BRONNER) A poet, novelist, canonist and publicist, born at ...
Molloy, Francis - (O'MOLLOY) A theologian, grammarian born in King's County, Ireland, at the beginning of the ...
Molloy, Gerald - A theologian and scientist, born at Mount Tallant House, near Dublin, 10 Sept., 1834; died at ...
Molo, Gasparo - (he wrote his name also MOLA and MOLI) A skilful Italian goldsmith and planisher, chiefly known ...
Moloch - ( Hebrew Molech , king). A divinity worshiped by the idolatrous Israelites. The Hebrew ...
Molokai - An interesting island, one of the North Pacific group formerly known as the Sandwich Islands, or ...
Molyneux, Sir Caryll - Baronet of Sefton, and third Viscount Molyneux of Maryborough in Ireland, born 1624; died 1699. He ...
Mombritius, Bonino - A philologist, humanist, and editor of ancient writings, born 1424; died between 1482 and 1502. ...
Monaco, Principality and Diocese of - Situated on the Mediterranean Sea, on the skirts of the Turbie and the Tête de Chien ...
Monad - (From the Greek monas, monados ). Monad , in the sense of "ultimate, indivisible unit," ...
Monarchia Sicula - A right exercised from the beginning of the sixteenth century by the secular rulers of Sicily, ...
Monarchians - Heretics of the second and third centuries. The word, Monarchiani , was first used by Tertullian ...
Monasteries in Continental Europe, Suppression of - Under this title will be treated only the suppressions of religious houses (whether monastic in ...
Monasteries in England, Suppression of - From any point of view the destruction of the English monasteries by Henry VIII must be ...
Monasteries, Double - Religious houses comprising communities of both men and women, dwelling in contiguous ...
Monastery, Canonical Erection of a - A religious house (monastery or convent ) is a fixed residence of religious persons. It supposes, ...
Monasticism - Monasticism or monachism, literally the act of "dwelling alone" (Greek monos, monazein, monachos ...
Monasticism, Eastern - (1) Origin The first home of Christian monasticism is the Egyptian desert. Hither during ...
Monasticism, Pre-Chalcedonian - Egypt was the Motherland of Christian monasticism. It sprang into existence there at the ...
Monasticism, Western - (1) Pre-Benedictine Period The introduction of monasticism into the West may be dated from ...
Moncada, Francisco De - Count of Osona, Spanish historian, son of the Governor of Sardinia and Catalonia, born at ...
Mondino dei Lucci - Mondino (a diminutive for Raimondo; Mundinus) dei Lucci. Anatomist, b. probably at Bologna, ...
Mondoñedo - (Latin MONDUMETUM, or MINDON, MINDONIENSIS, also BRITONIENSIS, DUMIENSIS, and VILLABRIENSIS) ...
Mondovi - DIOCESE OF MONDOVÌ (MONTISREGALIS) Located in Piedmont, province of Cuneo, northern ...
Mone, Franz - A historian and archeologist, born at Mingolsheim near Bruchsal, Baden, 12 May, 1796; died at ...
Moneta - (MONETUS) A theologian, born at Cremona, Italy, date unknown; died at Bologna, 1240. He ...
Mongolia - The name used to designate an immense uneven plateau, part of the Chinese Empire, extending, ...
Mongus, Peter - ( moggos , "stammerer", or "hoarse".) Intruded Monophysite patriarch of Alexandria (d. ...
Monica, Saint - Widow ; born of Christian parents at Tagaste, North Africa, in 333; died at Ostia, near Rome, ...
Monism - (From the Greek monos , "one", "alone", "unique"). Monism is a philosophical term which, ...
Monita Secreta - A code of instructions alleged to be addressed by Acquaviva, the fifth general of the Society, to ...
Monk - A monk may be conveniently defined as a member of a community of men, leading a more or less ...
Monk of Malmesbury, The - Supposed author of a chronicle among the Cottonian manuscripts in the British Museum (Vesp. D. ...
Monogram of Christ - By the Monogram of Christ is ordinarily understood the abbreviation of Christ's name formed by ...
Monomotapa - Whatever may be the etymological meaning of the word Monomotapa , the origin of which is much ...
Monophysites and Monophysitism - The history of this sect and of its ramifications has been summarized under E UTYCHIANISM (the ...
Monopoli, Diocese of - (MONOPOLITANA). A diocese in the Province of Bari, in Apulia, southern Italy. The city has a ...
Monopoly, Moral Aspects of - According to its etymology, monopoly ( monopolia ) signifies exclusive sale, or exclusive ...
Monotheism - Monotheism (from the Greek monos "only", and theos "god") is a word coined in comparatively ...
Monothelitism and Monothelites - (Sometimes written MONOTHELETES, from monotheletai , but the eta is more naturally ...
Monreale - Located in the province of Palermo, Sicily, on the skirts of Mount Caputo. The city is built in a ...
Monroe, James - A soldier, convert, born in Albemarle county, Virginia, U.S.A. 10 Sept., 1799; died at Orange, ...
Monsabré, Jacques-Marie-Louis - A celebrated pulpit orator, born at Blois, France, 10 Dec., 1827; died at Havre, 21 Feb., ...
Monseigneur - (From mon , "my" and seigneur , ("elder" or "lord," like Latin senior ) A French ...
Monsell, William, Baron Emly - Born 21 Sept., 1812; died at Tervoe, Co. Limerick, Ireland, 20 April, 1894. His father was ...
Monsignor - ( Dominus meus; monseigneur , My Lord). As early as the fourteenth century it was the custom ...
Monstrance (Ostensorium) - (From ostendere , "to show"). Ostensorium means, in accordance with its etymology, a ...
Monstrelet, Enguerrand de - A French chronicler, born about 1390 or 1395; died in July, 1453. He was most probably a native of ...
Mont-St-Michel - A Benedictine Abbey, in the Diocese of Avranches, Normandy, France. It is unquestionably the ...
Montañés, Juan Martínez - A noted Spanish sculptor of the seventeenth century, died 1649, sometimes called "the Sevillian ...
Montagna, Bartolomeo - Italian painter, chief representative of the Vicenza School, b. at Orzinuovi about 1450; d. at ...
Montagnais Indians (Chippewayans) - A name given in error to the C HIPPEWAYANS , owing to a fancied resemblance to the ...
Montagnais Indians (Quebec) - French for "Mountaineers". The collective designation of a number of bands speaking dialects ...
Montaigne, Michel-Eyquen de - Writer, b. at the château of Montaigne, in Périgord, France, on 28 Feb., 1533; d. ...
Montalcino - DIOCESE OF MONTALCINO (ILCINENSIS) Montalcino is a small town about twenty miles from Siena, ...
Montalembert, Charles-Forbes-René - CHARLES-FORBES-RENÉ, COMTE DE MONTALEMBERT. Born in London, 15 April, 1810; died in ...
Montalto - DIOCESE OF MONTALTO (MONTIS ALTI) Located in Ascoli Piceno. The situation of the little town ...
Montana - The third largest of the United States of America , admitted to the Union 8 November, 1889; ...
Montanists - Schismatics of the second century, first known as Phrygians, or "those among the Phrygians" ( oi ...
Montanus, Benedictus Arias - Orientalist, exegete, and editor of the "Antwerp Polyglot", born at Frejenal de la Sierra in ...
Montauban - (MONTIS ALBANI) A suffragan of Toulouse, comprises the entire department of Tarn and Garonne. ...
Montault, Xavier Barbier De - Born at Loudun, 6 February, 1830; died at Blaslay, Vienne ( France ), 29 March, 1901. He came of ...
Montboissier, Blessed Peter of - (Better known as PETER THE VENERABLE). Born in Auvergne, about 1092; died at Cluny, 25 ...
Montcalm-Gozon, Marquis de Louis-Joseph - A French general, born 28 Feb., 1712, at Candiac, of Louis-Daniel and Marie-Thérèse ...
Monte Cassino, Abbey of - An abbey nullius situated about eighty miles south of Rome, the cradle of the Benedictine ...
Monte Vergine - An abbey in the province of Naples, Italy, near the town of Avellino, commanding a magnificent ...
Montefeltro - (FERETRANA) Located in the province of Urbino, in the Marches, Central Italy. The earliest ...
Montefiascone - (MONTIS FALISCI) Located in the province of Rome. The city is situated nearly 2000 feet above ...
Montemayor, Jorge De - (MONTEMÔR) A writer, born at Montemôr, province of Coimbra, Portugal, about 1520; ...
Montenegro - A kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula, on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea; the territory was in ...
Montepulciano - DIOCESE OF MONTEPULCIANO (MONTIS POLITIANI) Diocese in the province of Siena, in Tuscany. The ...
Monterey and Los Angeles - DIOCESE OF MONTEREY AND LOS ANGELES (MONTEREYENSIS ET ANGELORUM). Comprises that part of the ...
Montes Pietatis - Montes Pietatius are charitable institutions of credit that lend money at low rates of ...
Montesa, Military Order of - This order was established in the Kingdom of Aragon to take the place of the Order of the ...
Montesino, Antonio - A Spanish missionary, date of birth unknown; died in the West Indies, 1545. Of his early life ...
Montesinos, Luis de - Spanish theologian, date and place of birth unknown; d. 7 Oct., 1621. He entered the Dominican ...
Montesqieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de - French writer and publicist, b. in the Château de la Brède near Bordeaux, 18 ...
Monteverde, Claudio - A distinguished musician, born at Cremona, May, 1567; died at Venice, 29 Nov., 1643. He studied ...
Montevideo - (MONTISVIDEI) Located in Uruguay, comprises the whole of the republic. This territory was ...
Montfaucon, Bernard de - French scholar, b. in 1655, at the château de Soulatge, Department of Aude, arrondissement ...
Montfort, Simon de - An Earl of Leicester, date of birth unknown, died at Toulouse, 25 June, 1218. Simon (IV) de ...
Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel - Inventor; b. at Vidalon-lez-Annonay, Department of Ardèche, France, 26 August, 1740; d. ...
Months, Special Devotions for - During the Middle Ages the public functions of the Church and the popular devotions of the ...
Montmagny, Charles Huault De - The second French Governor of Canada, born in France towards the end of the sixteenth century, ...
Montmirail, John de - (MONTE-MIRABILI) Son of Andrew, Lord of Montmirail and Ferté-Gaucher, and Hildiarde ...
Montmorency, Anne, First Duke of - Born at Chantilly, 15 March, 1492; died at Paris, 12 November, 1567. He belonged to that family ...
Montor, Alexis-François Artaud De - A diplomat and historian, born at Paris, 31 July, 1772; died at Paris, 12 Nov., 1849. An ...
Montpellier - The Diocese of Montpellier (Montis Pessulani) comprises the department of Hérault, and is a ...
Montreal, Archdiocese of - Metropolitan of the ecclesiastical Province of Montreal. Suffragans: the Dioceses of ...
Montreuil - Charterhouse of Notre-Dame-des-Pres, at Montreuil, in the Diocese of Arras, Department of ...
Montreuil Abbey - A former convent of Cistercian nuns in the Diocese of Laon, now Soissons, France. Some ...
Montyon, Antoine-Jean-Baptiste-Robert Auget, Baron de - Famous French philanthropist; b. at Paris, 23 December, 1733; d. there 29 December, 1820. He was ...
Moore, Arthur - Count, b. at Liverpool, 1849; d. at Mooresfort, Tipperary, Ireland, 1904, was the son of ...
Moore, Michael - (Or MOOR) Priest, preacher, and professor, b. at Dublin, Ireland, 1640; d. at Paris, 22 ...
Moore, Thomas - Poet and biographer, b. 28 May, 1779, at Dublin, Ireland ; d. 26 February, 1852, at Devizes, ...
Mopsuestia - A titular see of Cilicia Secunda in Asia Minor and suffragan of Anazarbus. The founding of ...
Moréri, Louis - An encyclopaedist, b. at Bargemont in the Diocese of Fréjus, France, 25 March, 1643, d. at ...
Mor, Antonis Van Dashort - (MOOR) Commonly called ANTONIO MORO, or ANTHONIS MORE, a Dutch painter, b. at Utrecht in 1519; ...
Moral Theology - Moral theology is a branch of theology, the science of God and Divine things. The distinction ...
Morales, Ambrosio - Spanish historian, b. at Cordova, 1513; d. in 1591. After his studies at the University of ...
Morales, Christóbal - A composer, born at Seville, 2 Jan., 1512; died at Málaga, 14 June, 1553. From 1 Sept., ...
Morales, Juan Bautista - Missionary, b. about 1597 at Ecija in Andalusia, Spain ; d. Fu-ning, China, 17 Sept., 1664. He ...
Morales, Luis de - Spanish painter, b. at Badajoz in Estremadura about 1509; d. at Badajoz, 1586. His life was ...
Moralities - ( Also: MORALITY PLAYS or MORAL PLAYS). Moralities are a development or an offshoot of the ...
Morality - It is necessary at the outset of this article to distinguish between morality and ethics , ...
Moran, Francis Patrick - Third Archbishop of Sydney, b. at Leighlinbridge, Ireland, 16 Sept., 1830; d. at Manly, Sydney, ...
Moratín, Leandro Fernandez de - Spanish poet and playwright, b. at Madrid, 10 March, 1760; at Paris, 21 June, 1828. He is ...
Moravia - ( German MÄHREN). Austrian crown land east of Bohemia. In the century before the Christian ...
Moravian Brethren - (MORAVIAN BRETHREN, or UNITAS FRATRUM). DEFINITION AND DOCTRINAL POSITION "Bohemian Brethren" ...
Morcelli, Stefano Antonio - An Italian Jesuit and learned epigraphist; b. 17 January, 1737, at Chiari near Brescia ; d. ...
More, Helen - (DAME GERTRUDE.) Benedictine nun of the English Congregation; b. at Low Leyton, Essex, ...
More, Henry - Great-grandson of the martyred English chancellor ; b., 1586; d. at Watten in 1661. Having ...
More, Thomas, Saint - Saint, knight, Lord Chancellor of England, author and martyr, born in London, 7 February, ...
Morel, Gall - Poet, scholar, aesthete, and educationist, b. at St. Fiden, Switzerland, on 24 March, 1803; d. at ...
Morell, Juliana - Dominican nun, b. at Barcelona, Spain, 16 February, 1594; d. at the convent of the Dominican ...
Morelos, José María - Mexican patriot, b. at Valladolid (now called Morelia in his honour ), Mexico, on 30 September, ...
Moreto y Cabaña, Augustine - Spanish dramatist; b. at Madrid, 9 April, 1618, d. at Toledo, 28 Octoher, 1669. He received what ...
Morgagni, Giovanni Battista - Called by Virchow, the "Father of Modern Pathology", a distinguished Italian physician and ...
Morgan, Venerable Edward - Welsh priest, martyr, b. at Bettisfield, Hanmer, Flintshire, executed at Tyburn, London, 26 ...
Morghen, Raffaello - Italian engraver, b. at Portici, 19 June, 1768 (1761?); d. at Florence, 8 April, 1833. His ...
Moriarty, David - Bishop and pulpit orator, b. in Ardfert, Co. Kerry, in 1812; d. 1 October, 1877. He received ...
Morigi, Michaelangelo (Caravaggio) - A Milanese painter, b. at Caravaggio in 1569, d. at Porto d' Ercole in 1609. His family name was ...
Morimond, Abbey of - Fourth daughter of Cîteaux situated in Champagne, Diocese of Langres , France ; was ...
Morin, Jean - A French priest of the Oratory, b. at Blois, in 1591, d. at Paris, 28 Feb., 1659. According to ...
Mormons - ( Also called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.) This religious body had ...
Morocco - (Prefecture Apostolic of Morocco). The country known as Morocco (from Marrakesh, the name of ...
Morone, Giovanni - Cardinal, Bishop of Modena, b. at Milan 25 Jan., 1509; d. at Rome, 1 Dec., 1580. He belonged ...
Moroni, Gaetano - The author of the well-known "Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica", b. at Rome, 17 ...
Moroni, Giovanni Battista - A painter, b. at Bondo, near Albino, in the territory of Bergamo, between 1520 and 1525; d. at ...
Morris, John - Canon, afterwards Jesuit, F.S.A., b. in India, 4 July, 1826; d. at Wimbledon, 22 Oct., 1893, ...
Morris, John Brande - Born at Brentford, Middlesex, 4 September, 1812; died at Hammersmith, London, 9 April, 1880; he ...
Morris, Martin Ferdinand - Lawyer and jurist, b. 3 December, 1834, at Washington, D.C.; d. 12 September, 1909, at Washington, ...
Morse - ( Latin morsus ). Also called the MONILLE, FIRMULA, FIRMULE, PECTOIRALE, originally the ...
Morse, Venerable Henry - Martyr ; b. in 1595 in Norfolk; d. at Tyburn, 1 Feb., 1644. He was received into the church at ...
Mortification - One of the methods which Christian ascesticism employs in training the soul to virtuous and ...
Mortmain - (Old Fr., morte meyn ), dead-hand, or "such a state of possession of land as makes it ...
Morton, John - Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, b. in Dorsetshire about 1420, d. at Knowle, Kent, 15 Sept., ...
Morton, Robert - English priest and martyr, b. at Bawtry, Yorks, about 1548; executed in Lincoln's Inn Fields, ...
Mosaic Legislation - The body of juridical, moral, and ceremonial institutions, laws and decisions comprised in the ...
Mosaics - Mosaics, as a term, according to the usual authorities is derived through generations of gradual ...
Moschus, Johannes - ( ho tou Moschou , son of Moschus) A monk and ascetical writer, b. about 550 probably at ...
Moscow - (Russian Moskva ). The ancient capital of Russia and the chief city of the government ...
Moses - Hebrew liberator, leader, lawgiver, prophet, and historian, lived in the thirteenth and early part ...
Moses Bar Cephas - A Syriac bishop and writer, b. at Balad about 813; d. 12 Feb., 903. He is known through a ...
Moses Maimonides, Teaching of - Moses ben Maimun (Arabic, Abu Amran Musa), Jewish commentator and philosopher, was born of ...
Moses of Chorene - (MOSES CHORENENSIS) Perhaps the best known writer of Armenia, called by his countrymen "the ...
Mossul - The seat of a Chaldean archdiocese, a Syrian diocese, and an Apostolic Mission. The origin of ...
Most Precious Blood, Archconfraternity of the - Confraternities which made it their special object to venerate the Blood of Christ first arose in ...
Most Precious Blood, Feast of the - For many dioceses there are two days to which the Office of the Precious Blood has been ...
Most Pure Heart of Mary, Feast of the - In its principal object this feast is identical with the feast of the "Inner Life of Mary", ...
Mostar and Markana-Trebinje - (MANDATRIENSIS, MARCANENSIS ET TRIBUNENSIS) When at the Berlin Congress (1878) ...
Mosynoupolis - Titular see, suffragan of Trajanopolis in Rhodope. A single bishop is known, Paul, who assisted ...
Motet - A short piece of music set to Latin words, and sung instead of, or immediately after, the ...
Motolinia, Toribio de Benavente - Franciscan missionary, b. at Benavente, Spain, at the end of the fifteenth century; d. in the ...
Motu Proprio - The name given to certain papal rescripts on account of the clause motu proprio (of his own ...
Mouchy, Antoine de - (Called DEMOCHARES.) Theologian and canonist, b. 1494, at Ressons-sur-Matz, near Beauvais, in ...
Moufang, Franz Christoph Ignaz - Theologian, b. at Mainz, 17 Feb., 1817; d. there, 27 Feb., 1890. His early studies were made at ...
Moulins - D IOCESE OF M OULINS (M OLINENSIS ). Suffragan of Sens -- comprises the entire ...
Mount Athos - Athos is a small tongue of land that projects into the Aegean Sea, being the eastern-most of the ...
Mount Calvary, Congregations of - I. DAUGHTERS OF MOUNT CALVARY Founded in 1619 by Virginia Centurione (d. 1651), daughter of the ...
Mount Carmel, Feast of Our Lady of - This feast was instituted by the Carmelites between 1376 and 1386 under the title ...
Mount Saint Mary's College - Mount St. Mary's College , the second oldest among the Catholic collegiate institutions in the ...
Movers, Franz Karl - Exegete and Orientalist, b. at Koesfeld, Westphalia, 17 July, 1806; d. at Breslau, 28 Sept., ...
Moxos Indians - (MOYOS INDIANS). According to one authority, they are named from Musu, their Quichua name; ...
Moy De Sons, Karl Ernst, Freiherr Von - A jurist, born 10 August, 1799, at Munich ; died 1 August, 1867, at Innsbruck (Tyrol). He ...
Moye, Ven. John Martin - Priest of the Diocese of Metz, founder of the Sisters of Divine Providence, missionary in China, ...
Moylan, Francis - Bishop of Cork, born at Cork, 1739; died in 1815. He was the son of a rich merchant. As the ...
Moylan, Stephen - An American patriot and merchant, born in Ireland in 1734; died at Philadelphia, 11 April, ...
Mozambique - (Mocambique) The former official and still usual name given to the Portuguese possessions on ...
Mozarabic Rite - This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. History and Origin; II. Manuscripts and ...
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus - One of the greatest musical geniuses in history, born at Salzburg, Austria, 27 January, 1756; died ...
Mozetena Indians - A group of some half dozen tribes constituting a distinct linguistic stock upon the headwaters of ...
Mozzetta - A short, cape-shaped garment, covering the shoulders and reaching only to the elbow, with an open ...
Mozzi, Luigi - Controversialist, born at Bergamo, 26 May, 1746; died near Milan, 24 June, 1813. He entered the ...
Mrak, Ignatius - The second Bishop of Marquette, U.S.A., born 16 October, 1818, in Hotovle, in the Diocese of ...
Muchar, Albert Anton Von - An historian, born at Linez, Tyrol, 22 Nov., 1781; died at Graz, Styria, 6 June, 1849. He was ...
Mulhall, Michael George - Statistician, b. in Dublin, 29 September, 1829; d. there 13 Dec., 1900. He was educated at the ...
Mulholland, St. Clair Augustine - Born at Lisburn, Co. Antrium, Ireland, 1 April 1839; died at Philadelphia, 17 Feb., 1910. ...
Mullanphy, John - Merchant, philanthropist, b. near Enniskillen, Co. Fremanagh, Ireland, 1758; d. at St. Louis, ...
Mullock, John T. - Bishop of St. John's, Newfoundland, born in 1807 at Limerick, Ireland ; died at St. John's, ...
Mundwiler, Fintan - Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of St. Meinrad, Indiana, born at Dietikon in Switzerland, ...
Munich-Freising - ARCHDIOCESE OF MUNICH-FREISING (MONASENSIS ET FRISINGENSIS). An archdiocese in Bavaria. This ...
Munkács - Diocese in Hungary, of Greek Catholic Rite, suffragan of Gran. It dates from the fifteenth ...
Mura, Saint - Born in Co. Donegal, Ireland, about 550. He was appointed Abbot of Fahan by St. Columba. The ...
Muratori, Luigi Antonio - Librarian in Modena, one of the greatest scholars of his time, b. 21 Oct., 1672; d. 23 Jan., ...
Muratorian Canon - Also called the Muratorian Fragment, after the name of the discoverer and first editor, L. A. ...
Murder - ( Latin homo , man; and caedere , to slay) Homicide signifies, in general, the killing of a ...
Muret, Marc-Antoine - French humanist, b. at Muret, near Limoges, in 1526; d. at Rome, in 1585. He studied at Poitiers ...
Muri - (MURI-GRIES) An abbey of monks of the Order of S. Benedict, which flourished for over ...
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban - Spanish painter ; b. at Seville, 31 December, 1617; d. there 5 April, 1682. His family surname ...
Murner, Thomas - Greatest German satirist of the sixteenth century, b. at Oberehnheim, Alsace, 24 Dec., 1475; d. ...
Muro-Lucano - (MURANENSIS) Located in the province of Potenza, in Basilicata, southern Italy. The town is ...
Murray, Daniel - An Archbishop of Dublin, b. 1768, at Sheepwalk, near Arklow, Ireland ; d. at Dublin. He was ...
Murray, John O'Kane - Physician, historian, b. in County Antrim, Ireland, 12 Dec., 1847; d. at Chicago, Illinois, ...
Murray, Patrick - Theologian, b. Clones, County Monaghan, Ireland, 18 November, 1811; d. 15 Nov., 1882, in ...
Museums, Christian - Though applicable to collections composed of Christian objects representative of all epochs, ...
Mush - An Armenian Catholic see, comprising the sanjaks of Mush and Seert, in the vilayet of Bitlis. It ...
Mush, John - (Alias RATCLIFFE) A priest, b. in Yorkshire, 1551 or 1552; d. at Wenge, Co. Bucks, 1612 or ...
Music of the Mass - Under this heading will be considered exclusively the texts of the Mass (and not, therefore, the ...
Music, Ecclesiastical - By this term is meant the music which, by order or with the approbation of ecclesiastical ...
Musical Instruments in Church Services - For almost a thousand years Gregorian chant, without any instrumental or harmonic addition, was ...
Musso, Cornelius - Friar Minor Conventual, Bishop of Bitonto, prominent at the Council of Trent ; born at Piacenza ...
Musti - A titular see of Proconsular Africa, suffragan of Carthage. This town, which was a Roman ...
Musuros, Markos - A learned Greek humanist, born 1470 at Retimo, Crete; died 1517 at Rome. The son of a rich ...
Mutis, José Celestino - Eminent naturalist and scientist in South America, b. at Cadiz, Spain , 6 April, 1732; d. at ...
Muzzarelli, Alfonso - A learned Italian Jesuit, b. 22 August, 1749, at Ferrara ; d. 25 May, 1813, at Paris. He ...
Mylasa - A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Aphrodisias, or Stauropolis, in Caria. This city, the ...
Myndus - A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis. This city, known through its coins and ...
Myra - A titular see of Lycia in Asia Minor. The city was from time immemorial one of the chief places ...
Myrina - A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Ephesus. Herodotus (I, 149) mentions it as one of the ...
Myriophytum - A titular see of Thracia Prima and suffragan of Heraclea. The early history of this city is ...
Mysore - (MAISOUR); DIOCESE OF MYSORE (MYSURIENSIS) Diocese in India, suffragan to Pondicherry, ...
Mysteries and Miracle Plays - These two names are used to designate the religious drama which developed among Christian ...
Mystery - (Greek mysterion , from myein , "to shut", "to close".) This term signifies in general ...
Mystical Body of the Church - The analogy borne by any society of men to an organism is sufficiently manifest. In every ...
Mystical Marriage - In the Old and the New Testament , the love of God for man, and, in particular His relations ...
Mystical Theology - Mystical theology is the science which treats of acts and experiences or states of the soul ...
Mysticism - (From myein , to initiate). Mysticism , according to its etymology, implies a relation to ...

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