Skip to content

We ask you, humbly: don't scroll away.

Hi readers, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great! It's a little awkward to ask, but we need your help. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you. We're not salespeople, but we depend on donations averaging $14.76 and fewer than 1% of readers give. If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. Thank you.

Help Now >


Free World Class Education
FREE Catholic Classes

( Hebrew binjamin , "son of the right hand").

(1) The youngest son of Jacob born of Rachel. His original name was Ben-oni (Heb. "son of my sorrow"), given to him by his mother just before she died in child-birth, but was changed to Benjamin by Jacob (Gen. xxxv, 18). The Samaritan reading, Benjamim , i.e. "son of days", would refer to the advanced age of Jacob at the time of Benjamin's birth. Upon the loss of Joseph, Benjamin's full-brother, Jacob's affections were bestowed upon Benjamin, and it was only with great reluctance that he permitted his beloved child to accompany his brethren to Egypt to purchase corn. (Gen. xlii, 36; xlii, 15). Joseph, too, showed a marked preference of Benjamin to his other brethren and puts the latter's mind concerning him to a rather severe test ( Genesis 44 - 46 ).

(2) The son of Balan and grandson of Benjamin, Jacob's son ( 1 Chronicles 7:10 ).

(3) One of the sons of Herem who had married a foreign wife in the days of Esdras ( Ezra 10:32 ).

(4) One of those who took part in the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem at the time of Nehemias ( Nehemiah 3:23 ; cf. 12:33 ).

(5) The name of the gate in the northern wall of Jerusalem ( Jeremiah 36:12 ; Zechariah 14:10 ). It is not mentioned by Nehemias in his enumeration of the gates of Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 3 ).

(6) The name of the northern gate of the Temple, where Jeremias was imprisoned ( Jeremiah 20:2 ; 38:7, 14 ), probably the same as "watch-gate" ( Nehemiah 12:38 ) and as the one spoken of in Jeremiah (viii, 3, 5, 16; ix, 2).

(7) Name of eastern gate of the ideal Jerusalem as drawn by Ezechiel ( Ezekiel 48:32 ).

(8) Name of one of the twelve tribes of Israel which during the sojourn in Egypt numbered 35,400 warriors, and according to a second census 45,6000 (num., i, 36; xxvi, 41). The territory assigned to it is defined in Josue, xviii, 11 sqq. It was about twenty-five miles in length and twelve in breadth, and was bounded on the north by Ephraim, on the east by the Jordan, on the south by Juda, and on the west by Dan. The nature of the territory was conducive to breed a race of hardy warriors such as the Benjamites who are depicted by Jacob as "a ravenous wolf, in the morning [he] shall divide the spoil" ( Genesis 49:27 ). During the period of the Judges the tribe was well nigh exterminated on account of a crime committed within its territory ( Judges 19 - 21 ). It was from this tribe that Saul, the first king of the monarchy, was chosen ( 1 Samuel 9:1, 2, 19 ; 10:1, 20 sqq. ). After the death of Saul the tribe of Benjamin remained loyal to his son, Isboseth ( 2 Samuel 2:9 sqq. ), until David became king of all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:1-5 ). At the time of the revolt from Rehoboam the tribes of Benjamin, Juda, and Simeon remained true and formed the Kingdom of Juda ( 1 Kings 12:21 ), which also constituted the nucleus of the restored nation. St. Paulglories in belonging to the tribe of Benjamin ( Philippians 3:5 ).

Join the Movement
When you sign up below, you don't just join an email list - you're joining an entire movement for Free world class Catholic education.

Saint of the Day logo
Prayer of the Day logo

Catholic Online Logo

Copyright 2024 Catholic Online. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2024 Catholic Online. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.

Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law.