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Volume G in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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539 G entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Gédoyn, Nicolas - A French translator and literary critic; b. at Orléans, 17 June, 1667; d. 10 August, 1744, ...
Génebrard, Gilbert - A learned Benedictine exegete and Orientalist, b. 12 December, 1535, at Riom, in the department ...
Génicot, Edward - Moral theologian, b. at Antwerp, Belgium, 18 June, 1856; d. at Louvain, 21 February, 1900. After ...
Géramb, Baron Ferdinand de - In religion, Brother Mary Joseph; Abbot and procurator-general of La Trappe, came of a noble and ...
Gérando, Joseph-Marie de - A French statesman and writer, born at Lyons, 29 February, 1772; died at Paris, 10 November, ...
Gérard, Abbot of Brogne, Saint - Born at Staves in the county of Namur, towards the end of the ninth century; died at Brogne or ...
Géry, Saint - (Latin Gaugericus ). Bishop of Cambrai - Arras ; b. of Roman parents, Gaudentius and ...
Gómara, Francisco Lopez de - ( Or GOMORA.) Born at Seville, Spain, in 1510; studied at the University of Alcalá, ...
Görres, Guido - Historian, publicist, and poet; b. at Coblenz on 28 May, 1805; d. at Munich on 14 July, 1852. He ...
Görres, Johann Joseph - Born at Coblenz, in the heart of the Rhine country, 25 January, 1776; died at Munich, 29 January, ...
Görz - ( Italian GORIZIA; Slovene GORICA). Capital of the Austrian crown-land Görz and ...
Göttweig, Abbey of - (GOTTWEIH, GOTTVICUM, GOTTVICENSE). A Benedictine abbey situated on a hill of the same name, ...
Gügler, Joseph Heinrich Aloysius - Born at Udligerschwyl, near Lucerne, Switzerland, 25 August, 1782; died at Lucerne, 28 February, ...
Günther of Cologne - (also GUNTHAR) An archbishop of that city, died 8 July, 873. He belonged to a noble ...
Günther, Anton - Philosopher ; b. 17 Nov., 1783, at Lindenau, near Leitmeritz, Bohemia ; d. at Vienna, 24 ...
Gabala - A titular see of Syria Prima. Ten bishops of this city are known between 325 and 553, the ...
Gabbatha - The Aramaic appellation of a place in Jerusalem, designated also under the Greek name of ...
Gaboon - V ICARIATE A POSTOLIC OF G ABUN Formerly called the Vicariate Apostolic of the Two ...
Gabriel Possenti, Blessed - Passionist student; renowned for sanctity and miracles ; born at Assisi, 1 March, 1838; died ...
Gabriel Sionita - A learned Maronite, famous for his share in the publication of the Parisian polyglot of the ...
Gabriel the Archangel, Saint - "Fortitudo Dei", one of the three archangels mentioned in the Bible . Only four appearances of ...
Gabriel, Brothers of Saint - The Congregation of the Brothers of Christian Instruction of St. Gabriel was originally founded ...
Gad - ( , fortune, luck). A proper name which designates in the Bible , (I), a patriarch; (II), a ...
Gadara - A titular see of Palaestina Prima; there were two sees of this name, one in Palaestina Prima, ...
Gaddi, Agnolo, Giovanni, and Taddeo - Florentine artists, Taddeo being the father of Agnolo and Giovanni. The dates of their birth ...
Gaeta - ARCHDIOCESE OF GAETA (CAIETANA). Archdiocese in the province of Caserta in Campania (Southern ...
Gaetano, Saint - (GAETANO.) Founder of the Theatines, born October, 1480 at Vicenza in Venetian territory; ...
Gagarin, Ivan Sergejewitch - Gagarin was of the princely Russian family which traces its origin to the ancient rulers of ...
Gagliardi, Achille - Ascetic writer and spiritual director ; born at Padua, Italy, in 1537; died at Modena, 6 ...
Gahan, William - A priest and author; born 5 June, 1732, in the parish of St. Nicholas, Dublin ; died ...
Gaillard, Claude Ferdinand - A French engraver and painter ; b. at Paris, 7 Jan., 1834; d. there, 27 Jan., 1887. His early ...
Gal, Saint - Of the ninety-eight bishops who have occupied the see of Clermont-Ferrand (Auvergne) the ...
Galantini, Ippolito, Blessed - Founder of the Congregation of Christian Doctrine of Florence; b. at Florence of obscure ...
Galatians, Epistle to the - GALATIA In the course of centuries, gallic tribes, related to those that invaded Italy and ...
Galatino, Pietro Colonna - Friar Minor, philosopher, theologian, Orientalist ; b. at Galatia (now Cajazzo) in Apulia; d. at ...
Galerius, Valerius Maximianus - Galerius, a native of Illyria, was made Caesar 1 March, 293, by Diocletian, whose daughter ...
Galien, Joseph - Dominican, professor of philosophy and theology at the University of Avignon, meteorologist, ...
Galilee - ( Septuagint and New Testament Galilaia ). The native land of Jesus Christ, where He began ...
Galilei, Alessandro - An eminent Florentine architect ; born 1691; died 1737. Having attained some distinction, he ...
Galilei, Galileo - Generally called GALILEO. Born at Pisa, 15 February, 1564; died 8 January, 1642. His father, ...
Galitzin, Elizabeth - Princess, religious of the Sacred Heart ; born at St. Petersburg, 22 February, 1797; died in ...
Gall, Abbey of Saint - In Switzerland, Canton St. Gall, 30 miles southeast of Constance ; for many centuries one of ...
Gall, Saint - (GALLUS; in the most ancient manuscript he is called GALLO, GALLONUS, GALLUNUS, and sometimes ...
Galla - Vicariate Apostolic embracing the territory of the Galla or Oromo tribes in Abyssinia. In its ...
Galla, Saint - A Roman widow of the sixth century; feast, 5 October. According to St. Gregory the Great ...
Gallait, Louis - Flemish painter ; born at Tournai, 10 May, 1810; died in Brussels, 20 November, 1887. He ...
Galland, Antoine - French Orientalist and numismatist, b. at Rollot, near Montdidier, in Picardy, 1646, d. at ...
Gallandi, Andrea - Oratorian and patristic scholar, born at Venice, 7 December, 1709; died there 12 January, 1779, ...
Galle - DIOCESE OF GALLE (GALLENSIS). Diocese in Ceylon, created by Leo XIII 25 Aug., 1893, by ...
Gallego, Juan Nicasio - Priest and poet; born at Zamora, Spain, 14 December, 1777; died at Madrid, 9 January, 1853; ...
Galletti, Pietro Luigi - Benedictine, historian and archaeologist; b. at Rome in 1724; d. there, 13 December, 1790. He ...
Gallia Christiana - A documentary catalogue or list, with brief historical notices, of all the dioceses and ...
Gallican Rite, The - This subject will be treated under the following six heads: I. History and Origin; II. ...
Gallicanism - This term is used to designate a certain group of religious opinions for some time peculiar to the ...
Gallicanus, Saints - The following saints of this name are commemorated on 25 June: (1) St. Gallicanus Roman ...
Gallienus, Publius Licinius Egnatius - Roman emperor; b. about 218; d. at Milan, 4 March, 268; appointed regent by his father Valerian ...
Gallifet, Joseph de - Priest ; b. near Aix, France, 2 May 1663; d. at Lyons, 1 September, 1749. He entered the ...
Gallipoli - DIOCESE OF GALLIPOLI (GALLIPOLITANA). Diocese in the province of Lecce (Southern Italy ). ...
Gallitzin, Adele Amalie - (Or GOLYZIN). Princess; b. at Berlin, 28 Aug., 1748; d. at Angelmodde, near Münster, ...
Gallitzin, Demetrius Augustine - Prince, priest, and missionary, born at The Hague, Holland, 22 December, 1770; died at Loretto, ...
Galloway, Diocese of - (Gallovidiana). Situated in the southwest of Scotland. It comprises the Counties of Dumfries, ...
Galluppi, Pasquale - Philosopher, b. at Tropea, in Calabria, 2 April, 1770; d. at Naples, 13 Dec., 1846, where from ...
Gallwey, Peter - Born at Killarney, 13 Nov., 1820; d. in London, 23 Sept., 1906; one of the best-known London ...
Galtelli-Nuoro - (Galtellinensis-Norensis) Diocese in the province of Sassari (Sardinia), on a hill of the ...
Galura, Bernhard - Prince- Bishop of Brixen ; b. 21 August, 1764, at Herbolzheim, Bresigau; d. 17 May, 1856. After ...
Galvani, Luigi - Physician, b. at Bologna, Italy, 9 September, 1737; d. there, 4 December, 1798. It was his ...
Galveston - DIOCESE OF GALVESTON (GALVESTONIENSIS). The Diocese of Galveston was established in 1847 and ...
Galway and Kilmacduagh - DIOCESE OF GALWAY AND KILMACDUAGH (GALVIENSIS ET DUACENSIS). Diocese in Ireland ; an ...
Gama, Vasco da - The discover of the sea route to East Indies; born at Sines, Province of Alemtejo, Portugal, ...
Gamaliel - (Greek form of the Hebrew name meaning "reward of God "). The name designates in the New ...
Gamans, Jean - Born 8 July, 1606, at Ahrweiler (according to other sources at Neuenahr, about two miles from ...
Gambling - Gambling , or gaming , is the staking of money or other thing of value on the issue of a game ...
Gams, Pius Bonifacius - An ecclesiastical historian, b. at Mittelbuch, Würtemberg, 23 January, 1816; d. Munich, ...
Gandolphy, Peter - (Or Gandolphi.) Jesuit preacher; b. in London, 26 July, 1779; d. at East Sheen, Surrey, 9 ...
Gangra - A titular see in the province of Paphlagonia; in the native tongue the word signifies goat, and ...
Gansfort, John Wessel - (GANSFORT). A fifteenth-century Dutch theologian, born at Gröningen in 1420; died there ...
Gap - (VAPINCENSIS). Diocese ; suffragan of Aix, includes the department of the Hautes-Alpes. ...
García Moreno, Gabriel - Ecuadorean patriot and statesman; b. at Guayaquil, 24 December, 1821; assassinated at Quito, 6 ...
García, Anne - Better known as Venerable Anne of St. Bartholomew, Discalced Carmelite nun, companion of St. ...
Garcia, Saint Gonsalo - Born of a Portuguese father and a Canarese mother in Bassein, East India, about the year 1556 or ...
Garcilasso de la Vega - Spanish lyric poet; b. at Toledo, 6 Feb., 1503; d. at Nice, 14 Oct., 1536. A noble and a ...
Garcilasso de la Vega - Historian of Peru ; b. at Cuzco, Peru, 12 April, 1539; d. at Córdoba, Spain, c. 1617. The ...
Gardellini, Aloisio - Born at Rome, 4 Aug., 1759; died there, 8 Oct., 1829. He is famous chiefly for his collection of ...
Garesché, Julius Peter - Soldier; born 26 April, 1821, near Havana, Cuba; killed at the battle of Stone River, Tennessee, ...
Garet, Jean - Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, born at Havre about 1627; died at ...
Gargara - A titular see in the province of Asia, suffragan of Ephesus. The city appears to have been ...
Garin, André - An Oblate missionary and parish priest, born 7 May, 1822, at Côte-Saint-André, ...
Garland - A wreath of flowers or evergreens formerly used in connection with baptismal, nuptial, and ...
Garland, John - An English poet and grammarian, who lived in the middle of the thirteenth century. He tells us ...
Garlick, Venerable Nicholas - Priest and martyr, born at Dinting, Derbyshire, c. 1555; died at Derby, 24 July, 1588. He ...
Garneau, François-Xavier - A French Canadian historian, b. at Quebec, 15 June, 1809, of François-Xavier Garneau and ...
Garnet, Henry - (Garnett.) English martyr, b. 1553-4; d. 1606, son of Brian Garnet, master of Nottingham ...
Garnet, Saint Thomas - Protomartyr of St. Omer and therefore of Stonyhurst College; b. at Southwark, c. 1575; executed ...
Garnier, Charles - Jesuit Missionary, born at Paris, 1606, of Jean G. and Anne de Garault; died 7 December, 1649. He ...
Garnier, Jean - Church historian, patristic scholar, and moral theologian ; b. at Paris, 11 Nov., 1612; d. at ...
Garnier, Julien - Jesuit missionary, born at Connerai, France, 6 January, 1642; d. in Quebec, 1730. He entered ...
Garrucci, Raffaele - A historian of Christian art, b. at Naples, 22 January, 1812; d. at Rome, 5 May, 1885. He ...
Garzon - (GARZONENSIS.) Suffragan diocese of Popayan in the Republic of Colombia . It comprises the ...
Gaspare del Bufalo, Blessed - Founder of the Missionaries of the Most Precious Blood (C.P.P.S.); b. at Rome on the feast of ...
Gaspe, Philippe-Aubert de - A French Canadian writer, b. at Quebec, 30 Oct., 1786, of a family ennobled by Louis XIV in ...
Gassendi, Pierre - (GASSENDY, GASSEND.) A French philosopher and scientist ; b. at Champtercier, a country ...
Gasser von Valhorn, Joseph - An Austrian sculptor, b. 22 Nov., 1816 at Prägraten, Tyrol; d. 28 Oct., 1900. He was first ...
Gassner, Johann Joseph - A celebrated exorcist ; b. 22 Aug., 1727, at Braz, Vorarlberg, Austria ; d. 4 April, 1779, at ...
Gaston, William - Jurist; b. at Newbern, North Carolina , U.S.A. 19 Sept., 1778: d. at Raleigh, North Carolina ...
Gatianus, Saint - Founder and bishop of Tours ; b. probably at Rome ; d. at Tours, 20 December, 301. He came ...
Gau, Franz Christian - Architect and archeologist, b. at Cologne, 15 June, 1790; d. at Paris, January, 1854. In 1809 he ...
Gaubil, Antoine - A French Jesuit and missionary to China, b. at Gaillac (Aveyron), 14 July, 1689; d. at Peking, ...
Gaudentius of Brescia - (GAUDENTIUS BRIXIENSIS or BONTEMPS.) A theologian of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchins ; ...
Gaudentius, Saint - Bishop of Brescia from about 387 until about 410; he was the successor of the writer on ...
Gaudete Sunday - The third Sunday of Advent, so called from the first word of the Introit at Mass ( Gaudete ...
Gaudier, Antoine de - A writer on asectic theology ; b. at Château-Thierry, France, 7 January, 1572; d. at ...
Gaudiosus - Bishop of Tarazona (Turiasso), Spain ; died about 540. Our information concerning the life ...
Gaul, Christian - The Church of Gaul first appeared in history in connexion with the persecution at Lyons under ...
Gaultier, Aloisius-Edouard-Camille - Priest and schoolmaster; b. at Asti, Piedmont, about 1745, of French parents ; d. at Paris, 18 ...
Gaume, Jean-Joseph - French theologian and author, b. at Fuans (Franche-Comté) in 1802; d. in 1879. While ...
Gavantus, Bartolommeo - (GAVANTO) Liturgist, a member of the Barnabite Order ; b. at Monza, 1569; d. at Milan, 14 ...
Gaza - ( Hebrew 'Azzah , "the strong") A titular see of Palaestina Prima, in the Patriarchate ...
Gazzaniga, Pietro Maria - A theologian, b. at Bergamo, Italy, 3 March, 1722; d. at Vicenza, 11 Dec., 1799. At a very ...
Gebhard (III) of Constance - Bishop of that city and strenuous defender of papal rights against imperial encroachments ...
Gebhart, Emile - A French professor and writer, b. 19 July, 1839, at Nancy ; d. 22 April, 1908, in Paris. He was ...
Gedeon - Gideon or Gedeon (Hebrew "hewer"), also called JEROBAAL ( Judges 6:32 ; 7:1 ; etc.), and ...
Gegenbauer, Josef Anton - An accomplished German historical and portrait painter, b. 6 March, 1800, at Wangen, ...
Geiler von Kayserberg, Johann - A celebrated German pulpit orator, b. at Schaffhausen, Switzerland, 16 March, 1445; d. at ...
Geissel, Johannes von - Cardinal, Archbishop of Cologne, b. 5 February, 1796, at Gimmeldingen, in the Palatinate; d. 8 ...
Gelasius I, Pope Saint - Died at Rome, 19 Nov., 496. Gelasius, as he himself states in his letter to the Emperor ...
Gelasius II, Pope - Born at Gaeta, year unknown; elected 24 Jan., 1118; died at Cluny, 29 Jan., 1119. No sooner had ...
Gelasius of Cyzicus - Ecclesiastical writer. He was the son of a priest of Cyzicus, and wrote in Bithynia, about 475, ...
Gemblours - (Gembloux, Gemblacum) A suppressed Benedictine monastery about nine miles north-west of ...
Genealogy (in the Bible) - The word genealogy occurs only twice in the New Testament : I Tim., i, 4, and Tit., iii, 9. ...
Genealogy of Christ - It is granted on all sides that the Biblical genealogy of Christ implies a number of exegetical ...
General Chapter - ( Latin capitulum , a chapter). The daily assembling of a community for purposes of ...
General Judgment - (Judicium Universale, Last Judgment). I. EXISTENCE OF THE GENERAL JUDGMENT 1 Few truths are ...
Generation - ( Latin Vulgate, generatio ). This word, of very varied meaning, corresponds to the two ...
Genesareth - ( Gennesaret .) This is the name given to the Lake of Tiberias in Luke 5:1; called ...
Genesius - (1) Genesius (of Rome) A comedian at Rome, martyred under Diocletian in 286 or 303. Feast, 25 ...
Genevieve, Saint - Patroness of Paris, b. at Nanterre, c. 419 or 422; d. at Paris, 512. Her feast is kept on 3 ...
Genezareth, Land of - By this name is designated in Mark, vi, 53, a district of Palestine bordering on the Sea of ...
Genga, Girolamo - A painter, born at Urbino in 1476; died at the same place, 1551. This talented craftsman was ...
Gennadius I, Saint - Patriarch of Constantinople (458-471), has left scarcely any writings. Facundus (Defensio, II, ...
Gennadius II - Patriarch of Constantinople (1454-1456). His original name was George Scholarius ( Georgios ...
Gennadius of Marseilles - (GENNADIUS SCHOLASTICUS). A priest whose chief title to fame is his continuation of St. ...
Gennings, Edmund and John - The first, a martyr for the Catholic Faith, and the second, the restorer of the English province ...
Genoa - ARCHDIOCESE OF GENOA (JANUENSIS) Archdiocese in Liguria, Northern Italy. The city is situated ...
Gentile da Fabriano - Italian painter ; b. probably about 1378 in the District of the Marches; d. probably 1427. The ...
Gentiles - ( Hebrew Gôyîm ; Greek ethne, ethnikoi , Hellenes ; Vulgate Gentes, Gentiles, ...
Gentili, Aloysius - Born 14 July, 1801, at Rome ; died 26 September, 1848, at Dublin. He was proficient in poetry, ...
Genuflexion - To genuflect [ Latin genu flectere , geniculare (post-classic), to bend the knee; Greek ...
Geoffrey of Clairvaux - A disciple of Bernard, was b. between the years 1115 and 1120, at Auxerre; d. some time after ...
Geoffrey of Dunstable - Also known as GEOFFREY OF GORHAM. Abbot of St. Alban's, d. at St. Alban's, 26 Feb., 1146. He ...
Geoffrey of Monmouth - (GAUFRIDUS ARTURUS, GALFRIDUS MONEMETENSIS, GALFFRAI or GRUFFYD AB ARTHUR). Bishop of St. ...
Geoffrey of Vendôme - (GOFFRIDUS ABBAS VINDOCINENSIS.) A cardinal, b. in the second half of the eleventh century of ...
Geography and the Church - The classic historians of geography, Alexander von Humboldt, Carl Ritter, and Oscar Peschel, never ...
Geography, Biblical - With the exception of the didactic literature, there is no book in the Bible which, to a greater ...
George Hamartolus - A monk at Constantinople under Michael III (842-867) and the author of a chronicle of some ...
George of Trebizond - A Greek scholar of the early Italian Renaissance ; b. in Crete (a Venetian possession from ...
George Pisides - (Or THE PISIDIAN). A Byzantine poet lived in the first half of the seventh century. From his ...
George the Bearded - (Also called THE RICH.) Duke of Saxony, b. at Dresden, 27 August, 1471; d. in the same city, ...
George, Orders of Saint - Knights of St. George appear at different historical periods and in different countries as ...
George, Saint - Martyr, patron of England, suffered at or near Lydda, also known as Diospolis, in Palestine, ...
Georgetown University - Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia , "is the oldest Catholic literary ...
Georgia - STATISTICS The area of Georgia is 59,475 sq. m., and it is the largest of the original thirteen ...
Georgius Syncellus - (Greek Georgios ho Sygkellos ). Died after 810; the author of one of the more important ...
Gerace - DIOCESE OF GERACE (HIERACENSIS). Diocese in the province of Reggio in Calabria (Southern Italy ...
Gerald, Saint - Bishop of Mayo, an English monk, date of birth unknown; died 13 March, 731; followed St. ...
Geraldton - DIOCESE OF GERALDTON (GERALDTONENSIS). Diocese in Australia, established in 1898, comprises ...
Gerard Majella, Saint - Born in Muro, about fifty miles south of Naples, in April, 1726; died 16 October, 1755; ...
Gerard of Cremona - A twelfth-century student of Arabic science and translator from Arabic into Latin; born at ...
Gerard, Archbishop of York - Date of birth unknown; died at Southwell, 21 May, 1108. He was a nephew of Walkelin, Bishop of ...
Gerard, Bishop of Toul, Saint - Born at Cologne, 935; died at Toul, 23 April, 994. Belonging to a wealthy and noble family, he ...
Gerard, John - Jesuit ; born 4 October, 1564; died 27 July, 1637. He is well known through his autobiography, a ...
Gerard, Richard - Confessor ; born about 1635; died 11 March, 1680 (O.S.). The Bromley branch of the Gerard ...
Gerard, Ven. Miles - Martyr ; born about 1550 at Wigan; executed at Rochester 13 (30?) April, 1590. Sprung perhaps ...
Gerardus Odonis - Also Geraldus Othonis , or Ottonis , a medieval theologian and Minister General of the ...
Gerasa - A titular see in the province of Arabia and the Patriarchate of Antioch. According to ...
Gerberon, Gabriel - A Benedictine of the Maurist Congregation ; b. at St-Calais, Department of Sarthe, France, 12 ...
Gerbet, Olympe-Phillipe - A French bishop and writer; b. at Poligny (Jura), 1798; d. at Perpignan (Pyrénées ...
Gerbillon, Jean-François - French missionary; born at Verdun, 4 June, 1654; died at Peking, China, 27 March, 1707. He ...
Gerdil, Hyacinthe Sigismond - Cardinal and theologian ; b. at Samoëns in Savoy, 20 June, 1718; d. at Rome, 12 August ...
Gerhard of Zütphen - (ZERBOLT OF ZUTPHEN) Born at Zütphen, 1367; died at Windesheim, 1398; a mystical writer ...
Gerhoh of Reichersberg - Provost of that place and Austin canon , one of the most distinguished theologians of Germany ...
Germain, Saint, Bishop of Auxerre - Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July, 448. He was the son of ...
Germain, Saint, Bishop of Paris - Bishop of Paris ; born near Autun, Saône-et-Loire, c. 496; died at Paris, 28 May, 576. ...
Germaine Cousin, Saint - Born in 1579 of humble parents at Pibrac, a village about ten miles from Toulouse ; died in ...
German Gardiner, Blessed - Last martyr under Henry VIII ; date of birth unknown; died at Tyburn, 7 March, 1544; ...
German Literature - I. FROM OLDEST PRE-CHRISTIAN PERIOD TO 800 A.D. There are no written monuments before the eighth ...
Germanicia - A titular see in the province of Euphratensis and the patriarchate of Antioch; incorrectly ...
Germanicopolis - A titular see in the province of Isauria, suffragan of Seleucia. The city took its name from ...
Germans in the United States - Germans, either by birth or descent, form a very important element in the population of the ...
Germanus I, Saint - Patriarch of Constantinople (715-30), b. at Constantinople towards the end of the reign of ...
Germany - I. BEFORE 1556 From their first appearance in the history of the world the Germans represented ...
Germany, Vicariate Apostolic of Northern - (VICARIATE APOSTOLIC OF THE NORTHERN MISSIONS) Its jurisdiction covers the Grand Duchies of ...
Germia - A titular see of Galatia Secunda, a suffragan of Pessinus ; mentioned by Hierocles in the ...
Gerona - DIOCESE OF GERONA (GERUNDENSIS) The Diocese of Geronia in Catalonia, Spain, suffragan of ...
Gerrha - A titular see in the province of Augustamnica Prima, suffragan of Pelusium in the Patriarchate ...
Gerson, Jean de Charlier de - The surname being the name of his native place; b. in the hamlet of Gerson 14 December, 1363; d. ...
Gertrude of Aldenberg, Blessed - Abbess of the Premonstratensian convent of Aldenberg, near Wetzlar, in the Diocese of Trier ; ...
Gertrude of Hackeborn - Cistercian Abbess of Helfta, near Eisleben; born near Halberstadt in 1232; died towards the end ...
Gertrude of Nivelles, Saint - Virgin, and Abbess of the Benedictine monastery of Nivelles; born in 626; died 17 March, 659. ...
Gertrude the Great, Saint - Benedictine and mystic writer; born in Germany, 6 Jan., 1256; died at Helfta, near Eisleben, ...
Gertrude van der Oosten, Venerable - Beguine ; born at Voorburch, Holland ; died at Delft, 6 Jan., 1358. She was born of peasant ...
Gervaise, Dom François Armand - Discalced Carmelite, b. at Paris, 1660; d. at Reclus, France, 1761. After completing his ...
Gervase of Canterbury - (GERVAS US DOROBORNENSIS) English chronicler, b. about 1141; d. in, or soon after, 1210. If ...
Gervase of Tilbury - (TILBERIENSIS) Medieval writer, b. probably at Tilbury, in the County of Essex, England, ...
Gervase, George - (Jervise.) Priest and martyr, born at Boscham, Suffolk, England, 1571; died at Tyburn, 11 ...
Gervasius and Protasius, Saints - Martyrs of Milan, probably in the second century, patrons of the city of Milan and of ...
Gesellenvereine - German Catholic societies for the religious, moral, and professional improvement of young men. ...
Gesta Dei per Francos - Gesta Dei per Francos is the title adopted by Guibert de Nogent (died about 1124) for his history ...
Gesta Romanorum - A medieval collection of anecdotes, to which moral reflections are attached. It was compiled ...
Gethsemane - Gethsemani (Hebrew gat , press, and semen , oil) is the place in which Jesus Christ ...
Gethsemane, Abbey of Our Lady of - An abbey of the Order of Reformed Cistercians, commonly called Trappists, established in ...
Gezireh - Gezireh (or Djezireh), seat of two Catholic residential sees, one Chaldean, the other Syrian. ...
Gfrörer, August Friedrich - German historian; b. at Calw, Würtemberg, 5 March, 1803; d. at Karlsbad, 6 July, 1861. ...
Ghardaia - Prefecture Apostolic in the French Sahara, separated in 1901 from the Vicariate Apostolic of ...
Ghent - DIOCESE OF GHENT (GANDENSIS or GANDAVENSIS). The Diocese of Ghent at present comprises the ...
Ghibellines and Guelphs - Names adopted by the two factions that kept Italy divided and devastated by civil war during the ...
Ghiberti, Lorenzo di Cione - Sculptor ; b. at Florence about 1381; d. there, December, 1455. He ushered in the early ...
Ghirlandajo - (D OMENICO DI T OMMASO B IGORDI ). A famous Florentine painter ; b. 1449; d. 11 Jan., ...
Ghislain, Saint - Confessor and anchorite in Belgium ; b. in the first half of the seventh century; d. at ...
Ghost Dance - The principal ceremonial rite of a peculiar Indian religion with originated about 1887 with ...
Giannone, Pietro - Italian historian, born 7 May, 1676, at Ischitella in the province of Capinata, Naples ; died ...
Gibail and Batrun - A Maronite residential see. Gibail is merely the modern name of Byblos a titular see of ...
Gibault, Pierre - Missionary, b. at Montreal, Canada, 1737; d. at New Madrid, about 1804; son of Pierre Gibault ...
Gibbons, John - Jesuit theologian and controversialist; b. 1544, at or near Wells, Somersetshire; died 16 Aug. or ...
Gibbons, Richard - Brother of Father John Gibbons, born at Winchester, 1550 or 1549; died at Douai, 23 June, 1632. ...
Giberti, Gian Matteo - Cardinal, and Bishop of Verona, the natural son of Francesco Giberti, a Genoese naval ...
Giberti, Jean-Pierre - Canonist; b. at Aix, Provence, in 1660; d. at Paris in 1736. He became a cleric at an early ...
Gibraltar - VICARIATE APOSTOLIC OF GIBRALTAR. Gibraltar is a rugged promontory in the province of ...
Gideon - Gideon or Gedeon (Hebrew "hewer"), also called JEROBAAL ( Judges 6:32 ; 7:1 ; etc.), and ...
Giffard, Bonaventure - Born at Wolverhampton, England, 1642; died at Hammersmith, Middlesex, 12 March, 1734; second son ...
Giffard, Godfrey - Bishop of Worcester, b. about 1235; d. 26 Jan., 1301. He was the son of Hugh Giffard of Boyton ...
Giffard, William - Second Norman Bishop of Winchester from 1100 to 1129. Little is known of his history anterior ...
Gifford, William - Archbishop of Reims ; b. in Hampshire, 1554; d. at Reims, 11 April, 1629. He was the son of ...
Gift of Miracles - The gift of miracles is one of those mentioned by St. Paul in his First Epistle to the ...
Gift, Supernatural - A supernatural gift may be defined as something conferred on nature that is above all the ...
Gil de Albornoz, Alvarez Carillo - A renowned cardinal, general, and statesman; b. about 1310 at Cuenca in New Castile ; d. 23 ...
Gil of Santarem, Blessed - A Portuguese Dominican : b. at Vaozela, diocese of Viseu, about 1185; d. at Santarem, 14 May, ...
Gilbert de la Porrée - (Gilbertus Porretanus) Bishop of Poitiers, philosopher, theologian and general scholar; b. ...
Gilbert Foliot - Bishop of London, b. early in the twelfth century of an Anglo-Norman family and connected ...
Gilbert Islands - Vicariate apostolic ; comprises the group of that name, besides the islands of Ellice and ...
Gilbert of Sempringham, Saint - Founder of the Order of Gilbertines , b. at Sempringham, on the border of the Lincolnshire fens, ...
Gilbert, Nicolas-Joseph-Laurent - Poet, b. at Fontenoy-le-Château, 1751; d. at Paris, 12 November, 1780. His parents were ...
Gilbert, Sir John Thomas - Irish archivist and historian, b. in Dublin, 23 January, 1829; d. there, 23 May, 1898. He was ...
Gilbertines, Order of - Founded by St. Gilbert, about the year 1130, at Sempringham, Gilbert's native place, where he was ...
Gildas, Saint - Surnamed the Wise; b. about 516; d. at Houat, Brittany, 570. Sometimes he is called "Badonicus" ...
Giles, Saint - (Latin Ægidius.) An Abbot, said to have been born of illustrious Athenian parentage ...
Gillespie, Eliza Maria - (In religion Mother Mary of St. Angela). Born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, 21 ...
Gillespie, Neal Henry - Brother of Eliza Maria Gillespie ; b. in Washington County, Pennsylvania, 19 January 1831; d. at ...
Gillis, James - Scottish bishop ; b. at Montreal, Canada, 7 April, 1802; d. at Edinburgh, 24 February 1864. He ...
Gilmore, Patrick Sarsfield - A musician, born at Ballygar Galway, Ireland, 25 Dec., 1829; died at St. Louis, 24 Sept., 1892; ...
Gindarus - A titular see of Syria Prima, in the Patriarchate of Antioch. Pliny (Hist. nat. V, 81) ...
Ginoulhiac, Jacques-Marie-Achille - A French bishop ; b. at Montpellier (department of Herault) 3 Dec., 1806; d. there 17 Nov., ...
Gioberti, Vincenzo - An Italian statesman and philosopher ; b. at Turin, 5 April, 1801; d. at Paris, 26 October, ...
Giocondo, Fra Giovanni - An Italian architect, antiquary, archaeologist, and classical scholar, b. in Verona, c. 1445; ...
Giordani, Tommasso - A composer, b. at Naples in 1738; d. at Dublin, Ireland, February 1806. The family came to ...
Giordano, Luca - Neapolitan painter ; b. at Naples, 1632; d. in the same place, 12 Jan., 1705. He was esteemed ...
Giorgione - (GIORGIO BARBARELLI, ZORZO DA CASTELFRANCO) Italian painter, b. at Castelfranco in or before ...
Giotto di Bondone - A Florentine painter, and founder of the Italian school of painting, b. most probably, in 1266 ...
Giovanelli, Ruggiero - Composer, b. at Velletri, near Rome, in 1560; d. at Rome, 7 January, 1625. In 1584 he was ...
Giovanni Dominici, Blessed - (BANCHINI or BACCHINI was his family name). Cardinal, statesman and writer, born at ...
Giraldi, Giovanni Battista - (Surnamed CINTIO) Italian dramatist and novelist; b. at Ferrara, Italy, 1504; d. there, ...
Giraldi, Ubaldo - (UBALDUS A SANCTO CAJETANO). An Italian canonist; b. in 1692; d. in 1775. He was a member of ...
Giraldus Cambrensis - Giraldus Cambrensis (Gerald de Barry) was a distinguished writer, historian, and ecclesiastic of ...
Girard, Jean-Baptiste - Known as Père Girard, a Swiss pedagogue, b. at Fribourg, 17 December, 1765; d. there, 6 ...
Girardon, François - A noted sculptor of the reign of Louis XIV, b. at Troyes, France, 1630; d. at Paris, 1715. The ...
Giraud de Borneil - A Provençal troubadour, b. about the middle of the twelfth century, at Excideuil in the ...
Girba - A titular see in the province of African Tripoli. It is an island, in ancient times called ...
Girgenti - DIOCESE OF GIRGENTI (AGRIGENTINA). Girgenti is the capital of a province in Sicily and is ...
Gisbert, Blaise - French rhetorician and critic; born at Cahors, 21 February, 1657; died at Montpellier, 21 ...
Giuliani, Veronica - Born at Mercatello in the Duchy of Urbino, Italy, 1660; died at Citt` di Castello, 9 July, 1727. ...
Giulio Romano - Properly GIULIO DEI GIANNUZZI, also known as GIULIO PIPPI. A famous architect and painter, the ...
Giuseppe Giusti - A poet and patriot ; b. 1809, at Monsumano near Pescia, Italy ; d. 31 March, 1850, at ...
Giuseppe Maria Tommasi, Blessed - A Cardinal, noted for his learning, humility, and zeal for reform; born at Licata, Sicily, of ...
Glaber, Raoul - Benedictine chronicler; b. in Burgundy before 1000; d. at Cluny about 1050. In early boyhood he ...
Glabrio, Manius Acilius - Consul at Rome during A.D. 91, with Trajan. He belonged to one of the noblest families of ...
Glagolitic - (Or G LAGOLITSA ; Slavonic glagol, a word; glagolati, to speak). An ancient alphabet ...
Glaire, Jean-Baptiste - Priest, hebraist, and Biblical scholar; b. at Bordeaux, 1 April, 1798; d. at Issy, near Paris, ...
Glanville, Ranulf de - Chief Justiciar of England ; b. at Stratford, Suffolk, England, date unknown; d. before Acre, ...
Glarean, Henry - (LORITI) The most distinguished of Swiss humanists, poet, philosopher, geographer, ...
Glasgow - I. ARCHDIOCESE OF GLASGOW (GLASGUENSIS) Archdiocese in the south-west of Scotland, comprising at ...
Glastonbury Abbey - [G LESTINGABURH; called also Y NISWITRIN (Isle of Glass) and A VALON (Isle of Apples)] ...
Glebe - Glebe ( Latin gleba ) originally signified, in common law , any farm, estate, or parcel of ...
Glendalough, School of - Glendalough (the Valley of the Two Lakes) is a picturesque and lonely glen in the heart of the ...
Gloria in Excelsis Deo - The great doxology ( hymnus angelicus ) in the Mass is a version of a very old Greek form". ...
Gloria, Laus et Honor - A hymn composed by St. Theodulph of Orléans in 810, in Latin elegiacs, of which the ...
Glory - This word has many shades of meaning which lexicographers are somewhat puzzled to differentiate ...
Glory Be - In general this word means a short verse praising God and beginning, as a rule, with the Greek ...
Glosses, Glossaries, Glossarists - (IN CANON LAW) A gloss (Gk. glossa , Lat. glossa , tongue, speech) is an interpretation ...
Glosses, Scriptural - I. ETYMOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL MEANINGS The modern English word gloss is derived directly from the ...
Glossolalia - (Glossolaly, glossolalia ). A supernatural gift of the class gratiae gratis datae , ...
Gloves, Episcopal - Liturgical gloves ( chirothecœ , called also at an earlier date manicœ , wanti ...
Gluttony - (From Lat. gluttire , to swallow, to gulp down), the excessive indulgence in food and drink. ...
Gnesen-Posen - Archdiocese in the Kingdom of Prussia. The archdiocese includes the Dioceses of Gnesen and ...
Gnosticism - The doctrine of salvation by knowledge. This definition, based on the etymology of the word ( ...
Goa - (GOANENSIS.) Patriarchate of the East Indies, the chief see of the Portuguese dominions in the ...
Goajira, Vicariate Apostolic of - Goajira is the most northern portion of South America is a peninsula running into the Caribbean ...
Goar, Jacques - A Dominican and hellenist, b. at Paris, 1601, d. 23 September, 1653. He entered the convent of ...
Goar, Saint - An anchorite of Aquitaine; b. about 585; d. near Oberwesel (Germany), 6 July, 649. He came of a ...
Gobat, George - Moral theologian ; born at Charmoilles, in the Diocese of Basil, now in the Department of the ...
Gobban Saer - Regarded in traditional lore as the greatest Irish architect of the seventh century, and ...
Gobelinus, Person - (Persona.) Born in 1358; died 17 November, 1421. He was a Westphalian and was known as an ...
God - Etymology of the Word "God" Discusses the root-meaning of the name "God", which is derived from ...
God, Existence of - The topic will be treated as follows: I. As Known Through Natural ReasonA. The Problem Stated1. ...
God, Nature and Attributes of - I. As Known Through Natural ReasonA. Infinity of GodB. Unity or Unicity of God C. Simplicity of ...
God, Relation of the Universe to - 1. Essential Dependence of the Universe on God (Creation and Conservation) In developing the ...
God, Three Persons of - This article is divided as follows: I. Dogma of the Trinity; II. Proof of the Doctrine from ...
Godard, Saint - (Also spelled GOTHARD, GODEHARD). Bishop of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony ; born about the ...
Godden, Thomas - (True name Tylden.) Born at Addington, Kent, 1624; died in London, 1 Dec., 1688. His father, ...
Godeau, Antoine - Bishop, poet and exegete ; b. at Dreux in the diocese of Chartres, 1605; d. at Vence, 21 ...
Godeberta, Saint - Born about the year 640, at Boves, a few leagues from Amiens, in France ; died about the ...
Godelina, Saint - (GODELINA.) Born at Hondeforte-lez-Boulogne, c. 1049; died at Ghistelles, 6 July, 1070. The ...
Godet des Marais, Paul - Bishop of Chartres, France ; b. at Talcy, near Blois, 1647; d. at Chartres, 1709. He studied ...
Godfrey Goodman - Born at Ruthin, Denbighshire, 28 February, 1582-3; died at Westminster, 19 January, 1656. He was ...
Godfrey of Bouillon - Duke of Lower Lorraine and first King of Jerusalem, son of Eustache II, Count of Boulogne, and ...
Godfrey of Fontaines - (GODEFRIDUS DE fontIBUS, DOCTOR VENERANDUS) A scholastic philosopher and theologian ; born ...
Godfrey of Viterbo - German writer of the twelfth century. Nothing is known as to the place or date of his birth, ...
Godinez - (GODINEZ). Mystical theologian, born at Waterford, Ireland, in 1591; died in Mexico, Dec. ...
Godric - The name of two Abbots of Croyland. Godric I (870-941) Godrick I was the successor of the Abbot ...
Goesport, John Wessel - (GANSFORT). A fifteenth-century Dutch theologian, born at Gröningen in 1420; died there ...
Goetz, Marie Josephine - Second superior-general of the Society of the Sacred Heart, daughter of Joseph Goetz of ...
Goffe, Stephen - (Or Gough) Oratorian; b. 1605; d. at Paris, Christmas Day, 1681. He was the son of Stephen ...
Goffine, Leonard - (Or G OFFINÉ ). Born at Cologne, or according to some, at Broich, 6 December, 1648; ...
Gog and Magog - Names, respectively, of a king and of his supposed kingdom, mentioned several times in chapters 38 ...
Golden Bull - (Golden Bull ). A fundamental law of the Holy Roman Empire; probably the best known of all ...
Golden Calf - An object of worship among the Hebrews, mention of which occurs principally in Exodus 32 where ...
Golden Rose - A precious and sacred ornament made of pure gold by skilled artificers, which the popes have ...
Goldoni, Carlo - Dramatist; b. at Venice, 25 Feb., 1707; d. at Paris, 6 Jan., 1793. Goldoni is especially ...
Goldwell, Thomas - Bishop of St. Asaph, the last survivor of the ancient hierarchy of England ; b. probably at ...
Golgotha - The place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. NAME Etymology and Use The word Calvary ( ...
Gomes De Amorim, Francisco - Portuguese poet, dramatist, and novelist; b. at Avelomar, near Oporto, 13 August, 1827; d. 4 ...
Gondulphus - (GUNDULFUS). The name of three saints, of whom one was Bishop of Tongres (Maestricht), the ...
Gonet, Jean Baptiste - Theologian, b. about 1616 at Beziers, in the province of Languedoc; d. there 24 Jan., 1681. From ...
Gonnelieu, Jérôme de - Theologian, ascetical writer, and preacher; born at Soissons, 8 Sept., 1640; died at Paris, 28 ...
González de Santalla, Thyrsus - Theologian and thirteenth general of the Society of Jesus, b. at Arganda, Spain, 18 January, ...
González, Zeferino - Dominican, cardinal, theologian, and philosopher, b. at Villoria in the Province and Diocese ...
Gonzaga, Ercole - (Hercules.) Cardinal ; b. at Mantua, 23 November, 1505; d. 2 March, 1563. He was the Son of ...
Gonzaga, Saint Aloysius - Born in the castle of Castiglione, 9 March, 1568; died 21 June, 1591. At eight he was placed in ...
Gonzaga, Scipione - Cardinal ; b. at Mantua, 11 November, 1542; d. at San Martino, 11 January, 1593. He belonged to ...
Gonzalez, Saint Peter - Popularly known as St. Elmo, b. in 1190 at Astorga, Spain ; d. 15 April, 1246, at Tuy. He was ...
Gonzalo de Berceo - Spanish poet, active between 1220 and 1242. Born in the closing years on twelfth century, he ...
Good - "Good" is one of those primary ideas which cannot be strictly defined. In order to fix its ...
Good Faith - A phrase employed to designate the mental and moral state of honest, even if objectively ...
Good Friday - Definition and etymology Good Friday, called Feria VI in Parasceve in the Roman Missal, he ...
Good Hope, Cape of (Eastern) - The Eastern Vicariate of the Cape of Good Hope was established in 1847, when the Vicariate of the ...
Good Hope, Cape of (Western) - The Western vicariate and the Central prefecture, although different in name, are virtually one. ...
Good Samaritan, Sisters of the - A congregation of Tertiaries Regular of St. Benedict, established 2 February, 1857, at Sydney, ...
Good Shepherd, Our Lady of Charity of the - The aim of this institute is to provide a shelter for girls and women of dissolute habits, who ...
Good, Highest, The - "We always act with a view to some good. The good is the object which all pursue, and for the ...
Goodman, Ven. John - Priest and martyr ; born in the Diocese of Bangor, Wales, 1590; died 1642. He was educated at ...
Goossens, Pierre-Lambert - Cardinal, Archbishop of Mechlin (Belgium), b. at Perck, near Vilvorde, 18 July, 1827; d. at ...
Gordian - ( Latin GORDIANUS.) There were three Roman emperors of this name, who reigned between A.D. ...
Gordianus and Epimachus, Saints - Martyrs, suffered under Julian the Apostate , 362, commemorated on 10 May. Gordianus was a judge ...
Gordon Riots - This agitation, so called from the head and spirit of the movement, Lord George Gordon, ...
Gordon, Andrew - A Benedictine monk, physicist ; b. 15 June, 1712, at Cofforach in Forfarshire, Scotland ; d. ...
Gordos - A titular see in the province of Lydia, suffragan of Sardis. The city is mentioned by Strabo, ...
Gorgonius, Saint - Martyr, suffered in 304 at Nicomedia during the persecution of Diocletian. Gorgonius held a high ...
Gorkum, The Martyrs of - The year 1572, Luther and Calvin had already wrested from the Church a great part of Europe. ...
Gortyna - A titular see, and in the Greek Church metropolitan see, of the Island of Crete. The city, ...
Goscelin - (Or GOTSELIN, according to the spelling in the earliest manuscripts of his works.) A ...
Gospel and Gospels - The word Gospel usually designates a written record of Christ's words and deeds. It is very ...
Gospel in the Liturgy - I. HISTORY From the very earliest times the public reading of parts of the Bible was an important ...
Gospel of Mark - The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Contents, Selection and Arrangement of ...
Goss, Alexander - Second Bishop of Liverpool ; born at Ormskirk, Lancashire, 5 July, 1814; died. at St. Edward's ...
Gossaert, Jan - Called M ABUSE from Maubeuge in Hainaut. Flemish painter ; b. about 1472; d. at Middelburg ...
Gosselin, Jean-Edmé-Auguste - Ecclesiastical author; b. at Rouen, France, 28 Sept., 1787; d. at Paris, 27 Nov., 1858. He ...
Gother, John - (Or JOHN GOTER) Priest and controversialist; b. at Southampton, date unknown; d. at sea on a ...
Gothic Architecture - The term Gothic was first used during the later Renaissance, and as a term of contempt. Says ...
Gottfried von Strasburg - One of the greatest of Middle High German epic poets. Of his life we know absolutely nothing; ...
Gotti, Vincent Louis - Cardinal and theologian, b. at Bologna, 5 Sept., 1664; d. in Rome, 18 Sept., 1742. He received ...
Gottschalk of Orbais - A medieval theologian ; b. about 800, d. after 866, probable 30 October, 868 (or 869), in the ...
Gottschalk, Saint - (GODESCALCUS). Martyr Prince of the Wends; d. at Lenzen on the Elbe, 7 June 1066. His feast ...
Goulburn - (Gulburnensis). One of the six suffragan sees of the ecclesiastical province of Sydney, ...
Gounod, Charles-François - One of the most distinguished French musicians and composers of the nineteenth century, b. in ...
Goupil, René - Jesuit missionary; born 1607, in Anjou; martyred in New York State, 23 September, 1642. Health ...
Gousset, Thomas-Marie-Joseph - French cardinal and theologian ; b. at Montigny-les-Charlieu, a village of ...
Government Authority - Civil Authority is the moral power of command, supported (when need be) by physical coercion, ...
Gower, John - Poet; born between 1327-1330, probably in Kent; died October, 1408. He was of gentle blood and ...
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco José de - Painter and etcher, b. in Fuendetodos, Aragon, Spain, 31 March, 1746; d. in Bordeaux, 16 ...
Goyaz, Diocese of - (Goyasiensis). Co-extensive with the state of the same name, one of the twenty states which, with ...
Gozo, Diocese of - The diocese of Gozo (Goulos-Gaudisiensis), comprises the Island of Gozo in the Mediterranean ...
Gozzi, Carlo - Italian author, born at Venice, 1720; died 1806. He spent in military service three years that ...
Gozzoli - (BENOZZO DI LESE DI SANDRO, surnamed GOZZOLI). Painter ; b. at Florence, 1420; d. at Pisa ...
Gozzolini, Saint Sylvester - Founder of the Sylvestrines, b. of the noble family of the Gozzolini at Osimo, 1177; d. 26 ...
Grässel, Lorenz - Coadjutor-elect of Baltimore ; born at Ruemannsfelden, Bavaria, 18 August, 1753; died at ...
Gröne, Valentin - A Catholic theologian, b. at Paderborn, 7 December, 1817; d. at Irmgarteichen, in the district ...
Grün, Anastasius - A pseudonym for Anton Alexander (Maria), Count von Auersperg, an Austrian poet; b. at Laibach in ...
Grace - Actual Grace Explains the concept of actual grace, which is defined in the article as "a ...
Grace at Meals - In Apostolic times St. Paul counsels the faithful: "Whether you eat or drink, or whatsoever ...
Grace, Actual - Grace ( gratia, Charis ), in general, is a supernatural gift of God to intellectual creatures ...
Grace, Controversies on - These are concerned chiefly with the relation between grace and free will. How can the ...
Grace, Supernatural - Grace ( gratia, Charis ), in general, is a supernatural gift of God to intellectual ...
Grace, William Russell - Philanthropist and merchant, born at Cork, Ireland, 10 May, 1832; died at New York, 21 March, ...
Gradual - ( Latin Graduale , from gradus , a step) Gradual, in English often called Grail, is the ...
Gradual Psalms - Fifteen psalms -- namely, Psalms 119-133 (in Hebrew 120-134) -- bear a Hebrew inscription which ...
Gradwell, Robert - Bishop; b. at Clifton-in-the-Fylde, Lancashire, 26 Jan., 1777; d. in London, 15 March, 1833; went ...
Graffiti - The term in common usage among archaeologists to designate a class of rude inscriptions scratched ...
Graham, Patrick - First Archbishop of St. Andrews and Metropolitan of Scotland, date of birth uncertain; d. ...
Grail, The Holy - The name of a legendary sacred vessel , variously identified with the chalice of the Eucharist ...
Gramont, Eugénie de - Religious of the Society of the Sacred Heart ; b. at Versailles, 17 September, 1788; d. at ...
Gran - ( Hungarian ESZTERGOM; Latin STRIGONIUM, STRIGONIENSIS) Located in Hungary. From the ...
Granada - Archdiocese of Granada (Granatensis). Archdiocese in Spain, founded by St. Cecilius about ...
Granada, University of - The origin of this university is to be traced to the Arab school at Cordova, which, when the ...
Grancolas, Jean - Doctor of the Sorbonne, theologian, liturgist; b. near Chateaudun, about 1660; d. at Paris, 1 ...
Grand Rapids - (Grandormensis) Diocese created 12 May, 1882 out of the diocese of Detroit, and made to ...
Grande Chartreuse, La - The mother-house of the Carthusian Order lies in a high valley of the Alps of Dauphine, at an ...
Granderath, Theodor - Born 19 June, 1839, at Giesenkirchen, Rhine Province; died 19 March, 1902, at Valkenburg, ...
Grandidier, Philippe-André - Priest and historian, b. at Strasburg, Alsace, 9 Nov., 1752; d. at the Abbey of Luntzel ...
Grandmont, Abbey and Order of - Abbey and Order in the department of Hte-Vienne, France. The exact date of the foundation of the ...
Grant, Thomas - First Bishop of Southwark ; b. at Ligny-les-Aires, Arras, France, 25 Nov., 1816; d. at Rome, ...
Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de - Known in history as CARDINAL DE GRANVELLE (GRANVELLA). Born at Ornans in Franche-Comté, ...
Gras, Venerable Louise de Marillac Le - Foundress of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul , born at Paris, 12 August, 1591, ...
Grasse, François-Joseph-Paul - Count and Marquess de Grasse-Tilly, lieutenant-general of the naval forces; b. near Toulon, 1723; ...
Grassis, Paris de - Master of ceremonies to Julius II and Leo X ; b. at Bologna, about 1470; d. at Rome, 10 June, ...
Gratian - Roman Emperor; son of Valentinian I; born at Sirmium, 359; died at Lyons, 383. Before he had ...
Gratian, Jerome - Spiritual director of St. Teresa and first Provincial of the Discalced Carmelites ; born at ...
Gratian, Johannes - (GRATIANUS). The little that is known concerning the author of the "Concordantia discordantium ...
Gratianopolis - A titular see in Caesarea Mauretania, Africa. This city does not figure in a list of the ...
Gratius, Ortwin - (VAN GRAES) Humanist ; b. 1475 at Holtwick, near Coesfeld, Westphalia ; d. at Cologne, 22 ...
Gratry, Auguste-Joseph-Alphonse - French priest and writer; b. at Lille, 30 March, 1805; d. at Montreux, Switzerland, 7 February, ...
Gratz, Peter Aloys - Schoolmaster and exegete, b. 17 Aug., 1769, at Mittelberg, Allgäu, Bavaria ; d. at ...
Gravier, Jacques - Jesuit missionary; born 1651 at Moulins, where he studied classics and philosophy under the ...
Gravina and Montepeloso - DIOCESE OF GRAVINA AND MONTEPELOSO (GRAVINENSIS ET MONTIS PELUSII). Gravina is a town in the ...
Gravina, Dominic - Theologian ; b. in Sicily, about 1573; d. in the Minerva, at Rome, 26 Aug., 1643. He entered the ...
Gravina, Giovanni Vincenzo - Italian jurist and littérateur of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; b. at ...
Graz, University of - The University of Graz, located in the capital of the Province of Steiermark, owes its ...
Great Falls - DIOCESE OF GREAT FALLS (GREATORMENSIS). Created by Pope Pius X, 18 May, 1904; comprises the ...
Greco, El - One of the most remarkable Spanish artists, b. in Crete, between 1545 and 1550; d. at Toledo, 7 ...
Greece - Greece will be treated in this article under the following heads: I. The Land and the People; II. ...
Greek Catholics in America - The Uniat churches of the Byzantine or Greek Rite were almost unknown to the United States ...
Greek Church - This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Explanation of Terms; II. The Greek ...
Greek Orthodox Church in America - The name Orthodox Church is generally used to distinguish those of the Greek Rite who are ...
Greek Rites - (1) Rite, Language, Religion These are three things that must always be distinguished. A rite is ...
Green Bay - (SINUS VIRIDIS) The Diocese of Green Bay — established 3 March, 1868, from the territory ...
Green, Hugh - Martyr ; born about 1584; martyred 19 August, 1642. His parents, who were Protestants, sent him ...
Green, Thomas Louis - Priest and controversialist; b. at Stourbridge, Worcestershire, 1799; d. at Newport, Shropshire, ...
Greenland - An island stretching from within the Arctic Circle south to about 59 degrees N. latitude, being ...
Gregorian Chant - The name is often taken as synonymous with plain chant, comprising not only the Church music of ...
Gregory Bæticus - Bishop of Elvira, in the province of Baetica, Spain, from which he derived his surname; d. ...
Gregory I, Pope Saint - Doctor of the Church ; born at Rome about 540; died 12 March 604. Gregory is certainly one of ...
Gregory II, Pope Saint - (Reigned 715-731). Perhaps the greatest of the great popes who occupied the chair of Peter ...
Gregory III, Pope Saint - (Reigned 731-741.) Pope St. Gregory III was the son of a Syrian named John. The date of his ...
Gregory IV, Pope - Elected near the end of 827; died January, 844. When Gregory was born is not known, but he was a ...
Gregory IX - (UGOLINO, Count of Segni). Born about 1145, at Anagni in the Campagna; died 22 August, 1241, ...
Gregory of Heimburg - Humanist and Statesman, b. at Würzburg in the beginning of the fifteenth century; d. at ...
Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint - Doctor of the Church, born at Arianzus, in Asia Minor, c. 325; died at the same place, 389. He ...
Gregory of Neocaesarea, Saint - Known at THAUMATURGUS, ( ho Thaumatourgos , the miracle-worker). Born at Neocæsarea in ...
Gregory of Nyssa, Saint - Date of birth unknown; died after 385 or 386. He belongs to the group known as the "Cappadocian ...
Gregory of Rimini, Saint - An Augustinian theologian ; born at Rimini, Italy, in the second half of the thirteenth ...
Gregory of Tours, Saint - Born in 538 or 539 at Arverni, the modern Clermont-Ferrand; died at Tours, 17 Nov., in 593 or ...
Gregory of Utrecht, Saint - Abbot; b. about 707 or 708; d. 775 or 780. Gregory was born of a noble family at Trier. His ...
Gregory of Valencia - Professor of the University of Ingolstadt , b. at Medina, Spain, March, 1550 (1540, 1551?); d. ...
Gregory the Illuminator - Born 257?; died 337?, surnamed the Illuminator (Lusavorich). Gregory the Illuminator is the ...
Gregory V, Pope - Born c. 970; died 4 February, 999. On the death of John XV the Romans sent a deputation to Otto ...
Gregory VI - On the death of Sergius IV in June, 1012, "a certain Gregory", opposed the election of ...
Gregory VI, Pope - (JOHN GRATIAN). Date of birth unknown; elected 1 May 1045; abdicated at Sutri, 20 December, ...
Gregory VII, Pope Saint - (HILDEBRAND). One of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men ...
Gregory VIII - Antipope. He was Mauritius Burdinus (Bordinho, Bourdin), who was placed upon the papal chair by ...
Gregory VIII, Pope - (ALBERTO DI MORRA). Born about the beginning of the twelfth century, at Benevento ; elected ...
Gregory X - Born 1210; died 10 January, 1276. The death of Pope Clement IV (29 November, 1268) left the ...
Gregory XI - (PIERRE ROGER DE BEAUFORT). Born in 1331, at the castle of Maumont in the Dioceses of Limoges ...
Gregory XII - (ANGELO CORRARIO, now CORRER). Legal pope during the Western Schism ; born at Venice, of a ...
Gregory XIII, Pope - (UGO BUONCOMPAGNI). Born at Bologna, 7 Jan., 1502; died at Rome, 10 April, 1585. He studied ...
Gregory XIV, Pope - (N ICCOLÒ S FONDRATI ). Born at Somma, near Milan, 11 Feb., 1535; died at Rome, 15 ...
Gregory XV, Pope - (ALESSANDRO LUDOVISI). Born at Bologna, 9 or 15 January, 1554; died at Rome, 8 July, 1623. ...
Gregory XVI, Pope - (MAURO, or BARTOLOMEO ALBERTO CAPPELLARI). Born at Belluno, then in the Venetian territory, 8 ...
Greifswald, University of - The oldest university of Prussia, founded in 1456. Even before this, Greifswald had, for a short ...
Greith, Karl Johann - Bishop and church historian, b. at Rapperswyl, Switzerland, 25 May, 1897; d. at St. Gall, 17 ...
Gremiale - A square or oblong cloth which the bishop, according to the "Cæremoniale" and ...
Grenoble - DIOCESE OF GRENOBLE (GRATIANOPOLITANA) Now comprises the Department of Isère and the Canton ...
Gresemund, Dietrich - German humanist ; b. in 1477, at Speyer ; d. 1512, at Mainz. His father, also named Dietrich, ...
Greslon, Adrien - French missionary; b. at Perigueux, in 1618; entered the Society of Jesus at Bordeaux, 5 ...
Gresset, Jean Baptiste - Born 29 August, 1709; died 16 June, 1777, at Amiens. Having finished his studies at the college ...
Gretser, Jacob - A celebrated Jesuit writer; b. at Markdorf in the Diocese of Constance in 1562; d. at ...
Greuze, Jean-Baptiste - French painter, b. at Tournus in Ardeche, 21 August, 1725; d. at Paris, 21 March, 1805. His ...
Grey Nuns - The Order of Sisters of Charity of the Hôpital Général of Montreal, commonly ...
Grey Nuns of the Cross - A community founded in 1745 at Monteal by Madame d'Youville, known as the Grey Sisters, or Grey ...
Griffin, Gerald - A novelist, dramatist, lyricist; b. 12 December, 1803, at Limerick, Ireland ; d. at Cork, 12 ...
Griffin, Martin Ignatius Joseph - Journalist, historian, b. at Philadelphia, 23 Oct., 1842; d. there, 10 Nov., 1911. In early ...
Griffiths, Thomas - Born in London, 2 June, 1791; died 19 August, 1847; the first and only Vicar Apostolic of the ...
Grillparzer, Franz - An Austrian poet, b. at Vienna, 15 January, 1791, d. 21 January, 1872. After desultory ...
Grimaldi, Francesco Maria - Italian physicist, b. at Bologna, 2 April, 1618; d. in the same city, 28 Dec., 1663. He entered ...
Grimaldi, Giovanni Francesco - An eclectic painter of the Bolognese school ; b. at Bologna, 1606; d. at Rome, 1680. He was a ...
Grimmelshausen, Johann Jacob Christoffel von - The greatest German novelist of the seventeenth century. What we know of his life is largely ...
Groote, Gerard - ( Or Geert De Groote; Gerhardus Magnus.) Founder of the "Brethren of the Common Life" , b. ...
Gropper, John - An eminent jurist and theologian, b. 24 Feb., 1503, at Soest, Westphalia ; d. at Rome, 13 March, ...
Grosseteste, Robert - Bishop of Lincoln and one of the most learned men of the Middle Ages ; b. about 1175; d. 9 ...
Grosseto - (Grossetana) Grosseto, suffragan diocese of Siena, has for its episcopal city the capital ...
Grosswardein - ( Hungarian Nagy-Várad; Magno-Varadinensis) A diocese of the Latin Rite in ...
Grottaferrata, Abbey of - ( Latin Crypta ferrata .) A Basilian monastery near Rome, sometimes said to occupy the site ...
Grueber, Johann - A German Jesuit missionary in China and noted explorer of the seventeenth century; b. at Linz, ...
Guéranger, Prosper Louis Pascal - Benedictine and polygraph; b. 4 April, 1805, at Sablé-sur-Sarthe; d. at Solesmes, 30 ...
Guérard, Robert - Born at Rouen, 1641; died at the monastery of Saint-Ouen, 2 January, 1715. For some time he ...
Guérin - (1) Eugénie de Guérin A French writer; b. at the château of La Cayla, in ...
Guérin, Anne-Thérèse - (In religion, Mother Theodore) Born at Etables (Côte du Nord), Brittany, France, 2 ...
Guadalajara - (Guadalaxara) Archdiocese in Mexico, separated from the Diocese of Michoacan by Paul III, 31 ...
Guadalupe, Shrine of - Guadalupe is strictly the name of a picture, but was extended to the church containing the ...
Guadeloupe - (Or Basse Terre; Guadalupensis; Imæ Telluris) Diocese in the West Indies, comprises the ...
Guadix, Diocese of - (GUADICENSIS) The Diocese of Guadix, in Spain, comprises the greater part of the Province of ...
Guaicuri Indians - (Pronounced Waikuri .) A group of small tribes, speaking dialectic forms of a common ...
Guamanga, Diocese of - ( Or Guamanga). A Peruvian diocese, suffragan to Lima. The See of Guamanga was erected by ...
Guaraní Indians - (Pronounced Waraní .) One of the most important tribal groups of South America, ...
Guarantees, Law of - (LA LEGGE DELLE GUARENTIGIE) A name given to the law passed by the senate and chamber of the ...
Guarda, Diocese of - (EGITANIENSIS.) Province of Beira, Portugal. Near the episcopal city are the ruins of Idanha, ...
Guardi, Francesco - Venetian painter ; born at Venice, 1712; died in the same city, 1793. He was a pupil of ...
Guardian Angels - ( See also FEAST OF THE GUARDIAN ANGELS .) That every individual soul has a guardian angel ...
Guardian Angels, Feast of - This feast, like many others, was local before it was placed in the Roman calendar. It was not ...
Guardianship, in Civil Jurisprudence - Guardianship is "the condition or fact of being a guardian; the office or position of guardian" ...
Guarini, Battista - An Italian poet, b. at Ferrara, 1538, d. at Venice, 7 Oct., 1612. His father, Francesco ...
Guarino da Verona - A humanist, b. 1370, at Verona, Italy ; d. 1460, at Ferrara. He studied Latin in the school ...
Guastalla, Diocese of - (GUASTELLENSIS). In the province of Reggio Emilia (Central Italy ) on the left bank of the Po ...
Guastallines - Luigia Torelli, Countess of Guastalla (b. about 1500; d. 29 Oct., 1559 or 1569), widowed for ...
Guatemala, Santiago de - (Sancti Jacobi majoris de Guatemala) Archdiocese conterminous with the Republic of Guatemala, ...
Guayaquil - A RCHDIOCESE OF G UAYAQUIL (G UAYAQUILENSIS ). Guayaquil, the capital of the Ecuadorian ...
Gubbio - Diocese of Eugubinensis, in the province of Perugia in Umbria (Central Italy ). The city ...
Gudenus, Moritz - A German convert to the Catholic faith from the Protestant ministry; b. 11 April, 1596, at ...
Gudula, Saint - (Latin, Guodila ). Born in Brabant, Belgium, of Witger and Amalberga, in the seventh ...
Guelphs and Ghibellines - Names adopted by the two factions that kept Italy divided and devastated by civil war during the ...
Guglielmini, Giovanni Battista - Scientist, b. at Bologna, 16 August, 1763; d. in the same city, l5 December, 1817. He is known as ...
Guiana - (Or Guayana .) Guiana was the name given to all that region of South America which extends ...
Guibert of Ravenna - An antipope, known as Clement III, 1080 (1084) to 1100; born at Parma about 1025; died at ...
Guicciardini, Francesco - An historian and statesman; born at Florence, 1483; died there, 23 May, 1540. His parents, Piero ...
Guido of Arezzo - (Guido Aretinus). A monk of the Order of St. Benedict, b. (according to Dom Morin in the ...
Guigues du Chastel - (Guigo de Castro). Fifth prior of the Grande Chartreuse, legislator of the Carthusian Order ...
Guijon, André - Bishop and orator; born in November, 1548, at Autun ; died in September, 1631. He was the son ...
Guilds - Guilds were voluntary associations for religious, social, and commercial purposes. These ...
Guiney, Patrick Robert - Second and eldest surviving son of James Roger Guiney and Judith Macrae; born at Parkstown, Co. ...
Guiscard, Robert - Duke of Apulia and Calabria, founder of the Norman state of the Two Sicilies; born about 1016; ...
Guise, House of - The House of Guise, a branch of the ducal family of Lorraine, played an important part in the ...
Guitmund - A Bishop of Aversa, a Benedictine monk, theologian, and opponent of Berengarius ; born at an ...
Gulf of St. Lawrence - Vicariate erected 12 September, 1905, and formed from the prefecture Apostolic of the same name ...
Gunpowder Plot, The - (Oath taken May, 1604, plot discovered November, 1605). Robert Catesby, the originator of the ...
Gunther, Blessed - A hermit in Bohemia in the eleventh century; b. about 955; d. at Hartmanitz, Bohemia, 9 ...
Gurk - (GURCENSIS) A prince-bishopric of Carinthia, suffragan to Salzburg, erected by Archbishop ...
Gury, Jean-Pierre - Moral theologian ; b. at Mailleroncourt, Haute-Saône, 23 January, 1801; d. at Merc ur, ...
Gusmão, Bartholomeu Lourenço de - Naturalist, and the first aeronaut; b. in 1685 at Santos in the province of São Paulo , ...
Gutenberg, Johann - (Henne Gänsfleisch zur Laden, commonly called Gutenberg). Inventor of printing; born about ...
Guthlac, Saint - Hermit; born about 673; died at Croyland, England, 11 April, 714. Our authority for the life ...
Guyon, Jeanne-Marie-Bouvier de La Motte- - A celebrated French mystic of the seventeenth century; born at Montargis, in the Orléanais, ...
Guzmán, Fernando Pérez de - Señor de Batres; Spanish historian and poet (1376-1458). He belonged to a family ...
Györ - ( German RAAB; Latin JAURINENSIS). A Hungarian see, suffragan to the Archdiocese of ...

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