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Volume L in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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573 entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Lérida - (ILERDENSIS) Diocese ; suffragan of Tarragona. La Canal says it was erected in 600, but ...
Lérins, Abbey of - Situated on an island of the same name, now known as that of Saint-Honorat, about a league from ...
Lübeck - Lübeck, a free imperial state and one of the Hanse towns, is in area the second smallest and ...
Lütolf, Aloys - An ecclesiastical historian, born 23 July, 1824, in Gettnau near Willisau (Switzerland); died at ...
L'Enfant, Pierre-Charles - Engineer, b. in France, August, 1755; d. near Bladensburg, Maryland, U.S.A. 14 June, 1825. He ...
L'Hospital, Michael de - Born at Aigueperse, about 1504; d. at Courdimanche, 13 March, 1573. While very young he went to ...
La Bruyère, Jean de - Born at Paris in 1645; died at Chantilly in 1696. He was the son of a comptroller general of ...
La Chaise, François d'Aix de - ( Also Chaize). Confessor of King Louis XIV, born at the mansion of Aix, in Forez, ...
La Crosse - (CROSSENSIS) Diocese erected in 1868; included that part of the State of Wisconsin , U.S.A. ...
La Fayette, Marie Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, Comtesse de - Author of memoirs and novels, born in Paris, 1634; died there, 1693 (al., 1696). She received a ...
La Fontaine, Jean de - French poet, b. at Chateau-Thierry, 8 July, 1621; d. at Paris, 13 April, 1695. He was the eldest ...
La Fosse, Charles de - Painter, b. in Paris, 15 June, 1636; d. in Paris, 13 December, 1716, and buried in the church of ...
La Harpe, Jean-François - A French critic and poet, b. at Paris, 20 November, 1739; d. February, 1803. He was ten years old ...
La Haye, Jean de - Franciscan Biblical scholar, b. at Paris, 20 March, 1593; d. there 15 Oct., 1661. He passed his ...
La Hire, Philippe de - Mathematician, astronomer, physicist, naturalist, and painter, b. in Paris, 18 March, 1640; d. ...
La Luzerne, César-Guillaume - French cardinal b. at Paris, 1738; d. there, 1821. He studied at the Collège de Navarre, ...
La Moricière, Louis-Christophe-Leon Juchault de - French general and commander-in-chief of the papal army, b. at Nantes, 5 February, 1806; d. ...
La Paz - DIOCESE OF LA PAZ (PACENSIS). Diocese of La Paz, in Bolivia. The city is the capital of the ...
La Plata - DIOCESE OF LA PLATA (DE PLATA). The city of La Plata, capital of the Argentine Province of ...
La Plata - ARCHDIOCESE OF LA PLATA/DE PLATA (OR CHARCAS) La Plata, besides being the metropolitan see of ...
La Richardie, Armand de - Born at Périgueux, 7 June, 1686; died at Quebec, 17 March, 1758. He entered the Society ...
La Roche Daillon, Joseph de - Recollect, one of the most zealous missionaries of the Huron tribe, d. in France, 1656. He ...
La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, The Duke of - (François-Alexandre-Frédéric). Born at La Roche-Guyon, on 11 January, 1747; ...
La Rochejacquelein, Henri-Auguste-Georges du Vergier, Comte de - French politician, b. at the château of Citran (Fironde), on 28 September, 1805; d. on 7 ...
La Rochelle - The Diocese of La Rochelle (Rupellensis), suffragan of Bordeaux, comprises the entire Department ...
La Rue, Charles de - One of the great orators of the Society of Jesus in France in the seventeenth century, b. at ...
La Salette - Located in the commune and parish of La Salette-Fallavaux, Canton of Corps, Department of Isere, ...
La Salette, Missionaries of - The Missionaries of La Salette were founded in 1852, at the shrine of Our Lady of La Salette , ...
La Salle, John Baptist de, Saint - Founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools , educational reformer, and ...
La Salle, René-Robert-Cavelier, Sieur de - Explorer, born at Rouen, 1643; died in Texas, 1687. In his youth he displayed an unusual ...
La Serena, Diocese of - (De Serena, Serenopolitana). Embracing Atacama and Coquimbo provinces (Chile), suffragan of ...
La Trappe - This celebrated abbey of the Order of Reformed Cistercians is built in a solitary valley ...
La Valette, Jean Parisot de - Forty-eighth Grand Master of the Order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem ; b. in 1494; d. ...
La Verna - An isolated mountain hallowed by association with St. Francis of Assisi, situated in the centre ...
Labadists - A pietist sect of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries founded by Jean de Labadie, who was ...
Laban - Son of Bathuel, the Syrian (Gen. xxviii, 5; cf. xxv, 20); grandson of Nachor, Abraham's ...
Labarum (Chi-Rho) - Labarum is the name by which the military standard adopted by Constantine the Great after his ...
Labat, Jean-Baptiste - Dominican missionary, born at Paris, 1664; died there, 1738. He entered the Order of Preachers ...
Labbe, Philippe - Born at Borges, 10 July, 1607; died at Paris, at the College of Clermont, 17 (16) March, 1667; ...
Labour and Labour Legislation - Labour is work done by mind or body either partly or wholly for the purpose of producing ...
Labour Unions, Moral Aspects of - Since a labour union is a society, its moral aspects are determined by its constitution, its ...
Labyrinth - A complicated arrangement of paths and passages; or a place, usually subterraneous, full of ...
Lac, Stanislaus du - Jesuit educationist and social work, b. at Paris, 21 November, 1835; d. there, 30 August, 1909. ...
Lace - (Latin laqueus ; It. laccio, trine, merletto ; Spanish lazo, encaje, pasamano ; French ...
Lacedonia, Diocese of - (LAQUEDONIENSIS) Located in the province of Avellino, Southern Italy. Lacedonia is famous in ...
Lacordaire, Jean-Baptiste-Henri-Dominique - The greatest pulpit orator of the nineteenth century b. near Dijon, 13 May, 1802; d. at ...
Lactantius, Lucius Cæcilius Firmianus - A Christian apologist of the fourth century. The name Firmianus has misled some authors into ...
Lacy, Blessed William - Born at "Hanton", Yorkshire (probably Houghton or Tosside, West Riding); suffered at York, 22 ...
Laderchi, James - An Italian Oratorian and ecclesiastical historian, born about 1678, at Faenza near Ravenna ; ...
Ladislaus, Saint - King of Hungary, born 1040; died at Neutra, 29 July, 1095; one of Hungary's national Christian ...
Laennec, René-Théophile-Hyacinthe - Born at Quimper, in Brittany, France, 17 February, 1781; died at Kerlouanec, 13 August, 1826, a ...
Laetare Sunday - The fourth, or middle, Sunday of Lent, so called from the first words of the Introit at Mass, ...
Laetus, Pomponius - Humanist, b. in Calabria in 1425; d. at Rome in 1497. He was a bastard of the House of the ...
LaFarge, John - Painter, decorator, and writer, b. at New York, 31 March, 1835; d. at Providence, Rhode Island, ...
Lafitau, Joseph-Françs - Jesuit missionary and writer, born at Bordeaux, France, 1 January, 1681; died there, 1746. He ...
Laflèche, Louis-François Richer - French-Canadian bishop, b. 4 Sept., 1818, at Ste-Anne de la Perade, Province of Quebec ; d. 14 ...
Laforêt, Nicholas-Joseph - Belgian philosopher and theologian, born at Graide, 23 January, 1823; died at Louvain, 26 ...
Lafuente y Zamalloa, Modesto - Spanish critic and historian, b. at Ravanal de los Caballeros, 1 May, 1806; d. at Madrid, 25 ...
Lagania - A titular see in Galatia Prima. The town is mentioned by Ptolemy, V, i, 14, and in several ...
Lagrené, Pierre - A missionary in New France, b. at Paris, 12 Nov. (al. 28 Oct.), 1659; d. at Quebec in 1736. He ...
Lahore - (LAHLORENSIS). Diocese in northern India, part of the ecclesiastical Province of Agra. Its ...
Laibach - (LABACENSIS). Austrian bishopric and suffragan of Görz, embraces the territory of the ...
Laicization - ( Latin laicus , lay). The term laity signifies the aggregation of those Christians who ...
Lainez, James - (LAYNEZ). Second general of the Society of Jesus , theologian, b. in 1512, at Almazan, ...
Laity - (Greek laos , "the people"; whence laikos , "one of the people"). Laity means the body ...
Lake Indians - Called by themselves S ENIJEXTEE and possibly identical with the L AHANNA of Lewis and Clark ...
Lalemant, Charles - Born at Paris, 17 November, 1587; died there, 18 November, 1674. He was the first superior of ...
Lalemant, Gabriel - Jesuit missionary, b. at Paris, 10 October, 1610, d. in the Huron country, 17 March 1649. He was ...
Lalemant, Jerome - Alias H IEROSME . Jesuit missionary, b. at Paris, 27 April, 1593, d. at Quebec, 16 ...
Lallemant, Jacques-Philippe - French Jesuit, b. at St-Valéry-sur-Somme about 1660; d. at Paris 1748. Little is known ...
Lallemant, Louis - French Jesuit, b. at Châlons-sur-Marne, 1588; d. at Bourges, 5 April, 1635. After making ...
Lalor, Teresa - Co-foundress, with Bishop Neale of Baltimore, of the Visitation Order in the United States ...
Lamarck, Chevalier de - (Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine de Monet; also spelled L A M ARCK ; botanical abbreviation ...
Lamartine, Alphonse de - Poet, b. at Mâcon Saône-et-Loire, France, 21 Oct., 1790; d. at Paris, l March, ...
Lamb (in Early Christian Symbolism) - One of the few Christian symbols dating from the first century is that of the Good Shepherd ...
Lamb, Paschal - A lamb which the Israelites were commanded to eat with peculiar rites as a part of the ...
Lambeck, Peter - Generally called LAMBEC[C]IUS, historian and librarian, b. at Hamburg, 13 April 1628; d. at Vienna, ...
Lambert Le Bègue - Priest and reformer, lived at Liège, Belgium, about the middle of the twelfth century. ...
Lambert of Hersfeld - A medieval historian; b. in Franconia or Thuringia, c. 1024; d. after 1077. On 15 March 1058, ...
Lambert of St-Bertin - Benedictine chronicler and abbot, b. about 1060; d. 22 June, 1125, at St-Bertin, France. He came ...
Lambert, Louis A. - Priest and journalist, b. at Charleroi, Pennsylvania, 13 April, 1835; d. at Newfoundland, New ...
Lambert, Saint - (LANDEBERTUS). Martyr, Bishop of Maestricht, b. at Maestricht between 633 and 638; d. at ...
Lamberville, Jacques and Jean de - Jacques de Lamberville Jesuit missionary, b. at Rouen, 1641; d. at Quebec, 1710. He joined the ...
Lambillotte, Louis - Belgian Jesuit, composer and paleographer of Church music ; born at La Hamaide, near Charleroi, ...
Lambin, Denis - (DIONYSIUS LAMBINUS.) French philologist, b. about 1520, at Montreuil-sur-mer, in Picardy; d. ...
Lambruschini, Luigi - Cardinal, b. at Sestri Levante, near Genoa, 6 March, 1776, d. at Rome, 12 May, 1854. As a youth ...
Lambton, Ven. Joseph - English martyr, b. 1569; d. at Newcastle-on-Tyne. The day of his death is variously given as 23 ...
Lamego - (LAMECENSIS). Diocese situated in the district of Vizeu, province of Beira, Portugal. The ...
Lamennais, Félicité Robert de - Born at Saint-Malo, 29 June, 1782; died at Paris, 27 February, 1854. His father, Pierre Robert de ...
Lamennais, Jean-Marie-Robert de - French priest, brother of Félicité Robert de Lamennais, b. at St-Malo in 1780; d. ...
Lamoignon, Family of - Illustrious in the history of the old magistracy, originally from Nivernais. Owing to the nearness ...
Lamont, Johann von - Astronomer and physicist, b. 13 Dec., 1805, at Braemar in Scotland, near Balmoral Castle; d.. 6 ...
Lamormaini, Wilhelm - Confessor of Emperor Ferdinand II, b. 29 December, 1570, at Dochamps, Luxemburg ; d. at ...
Lamp and Lampadarii - There is very little evidence that any strictly liturgical use was made of lamps in the early ...
Lamp, Altar - In the Old Testament God commanded that a lamp filled with the purest oil of olives should ...
Lampa - (LAMPAE, LAPPA). A titular see in Crete, suffragan of Gortyna, was probably a colony of ...
Lamprecht - Surnamed D ER P FAFFE (The Priest). German poet of the twelfth century, of whom practically ...
Lamps, Early Christian - Of the various classes of remains from Christian antiquity there is probably none so numerously ...
Lampsacus - A titular see of Hellespont, suffragan of Cyzicus. The city is situated in Mysia, at the ...
Lamuel - Name of a king mentioned in Proverbs 31:1 and 4 , but otherwise unknown. In the opening verse we ...
Lamus - A titular see of Isauria, suffragan of Seleucia. In antiquity this village is mentioned by ...
Lamy, Bernard - Oratorian, b. at Le Mans, France, in June, 1640; d. at Rouen, 29 Jan., 1715. At the age of twelve ...
Lamy, François - An ascetical and apologetic writer of the Congregation of St-Maur, b. in 1636 at Montireau in ...
Lamy, Thomas Joseph - Biblical scholar end orientalist, b. at Ohey, in Belgium, 27 Jan., 1827, d. at Louvain, 30 July, ...
Lana, Francesco - Born 10 Dec., 1631, at Brescia in Italy ; died in the same place, 22 Feb., 1687. Mathematician ...
Lance, The Holy - We read in the Gospel of St. John (19:34) , that, after our Saviour's death, "one of the ...
Lancelotti, Giovanni Paolo - Canonist, b. at Perugia in 1522; d. there, 23 September, 1590. He graduated doctor of law in ...
Lanciano and Ortona - (LANCIANENSIS ET ORTONENSIS). Lanciano is a small city in the province of Chieti, in the ...
Land-Tenure in the Christian Era - The way in which land has been held or owned during the nineteen hundred years which have seen in ...
Lando, Pope - (913-14). A native of the Sabina, and the son of Taino, elected pope seemingly in July or ...
Landriot, Jean-François-Anne - French bishop, b. at Couches-les-Mines near Autun, 1816, d. at Reims, 1874. Ordained in 1839 ...
Lanfranc - Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Pavia c. 1005; d. at Canterbury, 24 May, 1089. Some say his ...
Lanfranco, Giovanni - Also known as CAVALIERE GIOVANNI DI STEFANO. Decorative painter, b. at Parma, 1581, d. in ...
Langénieux, Benoit-Marie - Cardinal, Archbishop of Reims, b. at Villefranche-sur-Saône, Department of Rhône, ...
Lang, Matthew - Cardinal, Bishop of Gurk and Archbishop of Salzburg, b. at Augsburg in 1468; d. at ...
Langen, Rudolph von - Humanist and divine, b. at the village of Everswinkel, near Munster, Westphalia, 1438 or 1439; ...
Langham, Simon - Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancellor of England, b. at Langham in Rutland; d. at ...
Langheim - A celebrated Cistercian abbey situated in Upper Franconia (Bavaria), not far from Mein, in the ...
Langhorne, Ven. Richard - English martyr, b. about 1635, d. at Tyburn, 14 July, 1679. He was the third son of William ...
Langley, Richard - Layman and martyr, b. probably at Grimthorpe, Yorks, England, date unknown; d. at York, 1 Dec., ...
Langres - (LINGONÆ). Diocese comprising the Department of the Haute-Marne. Suppressed by the ...
Lanigan, John - Church historian, b. at Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland, in 1758; d. at Finglas, Dublin, 8 ...
Lanspergius - (JOHN JUSTUS OF LANDSBERG). Carthusian monk and ascetical writer, b. at Landsberg in Bavaria ...
Lantern - In Italian or modern architecture, a small structure on the top of a dome, for the purpose of ...
Lanterns, Altar - Lanterns are used in churches to protect the altar candles and lamp, if the latter for any ...
Lanzi, Luigi - An Italian archeologist, b. at Mont Olmo, near Macerata, in 1732; d. at Florence in 1810. In ...
Laodicea - A titular see, of Asia Minor, metropolis of Phrygia Pacatiana, said to have been originally ...
Laos - (Vicariate Apostolic) Separated from the Vicariate Apostolic of Siam by a decree of 4 ...
Laplace, Pierre-Simon - Mathematical and physical astronomer, b. in Beaumont-en-Auge, near Caen, department of Calvados, ...
Lapland and Lapps - About 150,000 square miles of the most northerly regions of Europe, from the Atlantic Ocean to the ...
Lapparent, Albert Auguste de - French geologist, b. at Bourges, 30 Dec., 1839; d. at Paris, 12 May, 1908. He made a brilliant ...
Laprade, Victor de - French poet and critic, b. at Montbrison in 1812; d. at Lyons in 1883. He first studied ...
Lapsi - ( Latin, labi, lapsus ). The regular designation in the third century for Christians who ...
Lapuente, Venerable Luis de - (Also, D'Aponte, de Ponte, Dupont). Born at Valladolid, 11 November, 1554; died there, 16 ...
Laranda - A titular see of Isauria, afterwards of Lycaonia. Strabo (XII, 569), informs us that Laranda ...
Lares - Formerly a titular archiepiscopal see in pro-consular Africa. In ancient times it was a ...
Larino - (Larinum). Diocese in the province of Capmobasso, Southern Italy. Larinum was a city of the ...
Larissa - The seat of a titular archbishopric of Thessaly. The city, one of the oldest and richest in ...
Larke, Blessed John - English martyr ; died at Tyburn, 7 March, 1543-4. He was rector of St. Ethelburga's ...
Larrey, Dominique-Jean - Baron, French military surgeon, b. at Baudéan, Hautes-Pyrénées, July, 1766; ...
Larrey, Dominique-Jean - Baron, French military surgeon, b. at Baudéan, Hautes-Pyrénées, July, 1766; ...
Larue, Charles de - Born 29 July, 1685 (some say 12 July, 1684), at Corbie, in France ; died 5 Oct., 1739, at St. ...
Lasaulx, Ernst von - Scholar and philosopher, born at Coblenz, 16 March, 1805; died at Munich, 9 May, 1861. His ...
Lascaris, Constantine - Greek scholar from Constantinople; born 1434; died at Messina in 1501. Made a prisoner by the ...
Lascaris, Janus - Also called John; surnamed Rhyndacenus (from Rhyndacus, a country town in Asia Minor ). He ...
Laski, John - J OHN A L ASCO . Archbishop of Gnesen and Primate of Poland, b. at Lask, 1456; d. at ...
Lassberg, Baron Joseph Maria Christoph von - A distinguished German antiquary, born at Donaueschingen, 10 April, 1770; died 15 March, 1855. He ...
Lassus, Orlandus de - (Original name, Roland de Lattre), composer, born at Mons, Hainault, Belgium, in 1520 (according ...
Last Judgment, The - (Judicium Universale, Last Judgment). I. EXISTENCE OF THE GENERAL JUDGMENT 1 Few truths are ...
Last Supper, The - The meal held by Christ and His disciples on the eve of His Passion at which He instituted the ...
Lataste, Marie - Born at Mimbaste near Dax, France, 21 February, 1822; died at Rennes, 10 May, 1847; was the ...
Latera, Flaminius Annibali de - Historian, born at Latera, near Viterbo, 23 November, 1733; died at Viterbo, 27 February, 1813. He ...
Lateran Council, Fifth - When elected pope, Julius II promised under oath that he would soon convoke a general ...
Lateran Council, First - The Council of 1123 is reckoned in the series of ecumenical councils. It had been convoked in ...
Lateran Council, Fourth - From the commencement of his reign Innocent III had purposed to assemble an ecumenical council, ...
Lateran Council, Second - The death of Pope Honorius II (February, 1130) was followed by a schism. Petrus Leonis (Pierleoni), ...
Lateran Council, Third - The reign of Alexander III was one of the most laborious pontificates of the Middle Ages. Then, ...
Lateran Councils - A series of five important councils held at Rome from the twelfth to the sixteen century. From ...
Lateran, Christian Museum of - Established by Pius IX in 1854, in the Palazzo del Laterano erected by Sixtus V on the part of ...
Lateran, Saint John - THE BASILICA This is the oldest, and ranks first among the four great "patriarchal" basilicas ...
Lathrop, George Parsons - Poet, novelist, b. at Honolulu, Hawaii, 25 August, 1851; d. at New York, 19 April, 1898. He was ...
Latin Church - The word Church ( ecclesia ) is used in its first sense to express whole congregation of ...
Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem - The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem was founded as a result of the First Crusade, in 1099. Destroyed ...
Latin Literature in Christianity (Before the Sixth Century) - The Latin language was not at first the literary and official organ of the Christian Church in ...
Latin Literature in Christianity (Sixth to Twentieth Century) - During the Middle Ages the so-called church Latin was to a great extent the language of poetry, ...
Latin, Ecclesiastical - In the present instance these words are taken to mean the Latin we find in the official textbooks ...
Latini, Brunetto - Florentine philosopher and statesman, born at Florence, c. 1210; the son of Buonaccorso Latini, ...
Latreille, Pierre-André - A prominent French zoologist; born at Brives, 29 November, 1762; died in Paris, 6 February, 1833. ...
Latria - Latria ( latreia ) in classical Greek originally meant "the state of a hired servant" (Aesch., ...
Latrocinium - (L ATROCINIUM ). The Acts of the first session of this synod were read at the Council of ...
Latter-Day Saints, The Church of Jesus Christ of - ( Also called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.) This religious body had ...
Lauda Sion - The opening words (used as a title of the sequence composed by St. Thomas Aquinas, about the year ...
Lauds - In the Roman Liturgy of today Lauds designates an office composed of psalms and canticles, ...
Laura - The Greek word laura is employed by writers from the end of the fifth century to distinguish ...
Laurence O'Toole, Saint - (L ORCAN UA T UATHAIL ; also spelled Laurence O'Toole) Confessor, born about 1128, in the ...
Laurentie, Pierre-Sébastien - French publicist; b. at Houga, in the Department of Gers, France, 21 January, 1793; d. 9 ...
Lausanne and Geneva - Diocese of Lausanne and Geneva (Lausannensis et Genevensis). Diocese in Switzerland, immediately ...
Lauzon, Jean de - Fourth governor of Canada, b. at Paris, 1583; d. there, 16 Feb., 1666. He was the son of ...
Lauzon, Pierre de - A noted missionary of New France in the eighteenth century, born at Poitiers, 26 September, ...
Lavérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de - Discoverer of the Canadian West, born at Three Rivers, Quebec, 17 November, 1685; died at ...
Lavabo - The first word of that portion of Psalm 25 said by the celebrant at Mass while he washes his hands ...
Laval University of Quebec - The University of Laval was founded in 1852 by the Seminary of Quebec; the royal charter granted ...
Laval, François de Montmorency - First bishop of Canada, b. at Montigny-sur-Avre, 30 April, 1623, of Hughes de Laval and ...
Lavant - (LAVANTINA) An Austrian bishopric in the southern part of Styria, suffragan of Salzburg. The ...
Laverdière, Charles-Honoré - French-Canadian historian, born Chateau-Richer, Province of Quebec, 1826; died at Quebec, 1873. ...
Laverlochère, Jean-Nicolas - Missionary, born at St. Georges d'Espérance, Grenoble, France, 6 December, 1812; died at ...
Lavigerie, Charles-Martial-Allemand - French cardinal, b. at Huire near Bayonne, 13 Oct., 1825; d. at Algiers, 27 Nov., 1892. He ...
Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent - Chemist, philosopher, economist ; born in Paris, 26 August, 1743; guillotined 8 May, 1794. He ...
Law - I. CONCEPT OF LAW A. By law in the widest sense is understood that exact guide, rule, or ...
Law, Canon - This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. General Notion and DivisionsII. Canon ...
Law, Cemeteries in - Cemeteries in Civil Law It would be impossible here to deal in detail with the various ...
Law, Civil (Influence of the Church on) - Christianity is essentially an ethical religion; and, although its moral principles were meant ...
Law, Common - (Latin communis , general, of general application; lex , law) The term is of English ...
Law, Divine (Moral Aspect of) - Divine Law is that which is enacted by God and made known to man through revelation. We ...
Law, International - International law has been defined to be "the rules which determine the conduct of the general ...
Law, Mosaic - The body of juridical, moral, and ceremonial institutions, laws and decisions comprised in the ...
Law, Natural - I. ITS ESSENCE In English this term is frequently employed as equivalent to the laws of nature, ...
Law, Roman - In the following article this subject is briefly treated under the two heads of; I. Principles; ...
Lawrence Justinian, Saint - Bishop and first Patriarch of Venice, b. in 1381, and d. 8 January, 1456. He was a descendant ...
Lawrence O'Toole, Saint - (L ORCAN UA T UATHAIL ; also spelled Laurence O'Toole) Confessor, born about 1128, in the ...
Lawrence of Brindisi, Saint - (Also: Lawrence, or Laurence, of Brindisi.) Born at Brindisi in 1559; died at Lisbon on 22 ...
Lawrence, Saint - Martyr ; died 10 August, 258. St. Lawrence, one of the deacons of the Roman Church, was one ...
Lawrence, Saint - Second Archbishop of Canterbury, d. 2 Feb., 619. For the particulars of his life and ...
Laws, Penal - This article treats of the penal legislation affecting Catholics in English-speaking countries ...
Lay Abbot - ( abbatocomes, abbas laicus, abbas miles ). A name used to designate a layman on whom a king ...
Lay Brothers - Religious occupied solely with manual labour and with the secular affairs of a monastery or ...
Lay Communion - The primitive discipline of the Church established a different punishment for certain crimes ...
Lay Confession - This article does not deal with confession by laymen but with that made to laymen, for the ...
Lay Tithes - Under this heading must be distinguished (1) secular tithes, which subjects on crown-estates were ...
Laymann, Paul - A famous Jesuit moralist, b. in 1574 at Arzl, near Innsbruck; d. of the plague on 13 November, ...
Lazarites - A congregation of secular priests with religious vows founded by St. Vincent de Paul. The ...
Lazarus - Lazarus (Greek Lazaros , a contraction of Eleazaros --see 2 Maccabbees 6:18 — meaning ...
Lazarus of Bethany, Saint - Reputed first Bishop of Marseilles, died in the second half of the first century. According ...
Lazarus of Jerusalem, Order of Saint - The military order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem originated in a leper hospital founded in the ...
Le Blant, Edmond-Frederic - French archeologist and historian, born 12 August, 1818; died 5 July, 1897 at Paris. He studied ...
Le Camus, Emile-Paul-Constant-Ange - Preacher, theologian, scripturist, Bishop of La Rochelle and Saintes, b. at Paraza, France, ...
Le Camus, Etienne - French cardinal, b. at Paris, 1632; d. at Grenoble, 1707. Through the influence of his father, ...
Le Caron, Joseph - One of the four pioneer missionaries of Canada and first missionary to the Hurons, b. near ...
Le Coz, Claude - French bishop, b. at Plouévez-Parzay (Finistère), 1740; d. at Villevieux (Jura), ...
Le Fèvre, Jacques - A French theologian and controversialist, b. at Lisieux towards the middle of the seventeenth ...
Le Gobien, Charles - French Jesuit and founder of the famous collection of "Lettres édifiantes et curieuses", ...
Le Gras, Venerable Louise de Marillac - Foundress of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul , born at Paris, 12 August, 1591, ...
Le Hir, Arthur-Marie - Biblical scholar and Orientalist ; b. at Morlaix (Finisterre), in the Diocese of Quimper, ...
Le Loutre, Louis-Joseph - A missionary to the Micmac Indians and Vicar-General of Acadia under the Bishop of Quebec, b. ...
Le Mans - DIOCESE OF LE MANS (CENOMANENSIS). Comprises the entire Department of Sarthe. Prior to the ...
Le Mercier, François - One of the early missionaries of New France , b. at Paris, 4 October, 1604; d. in the island of ...
Le Moyne - The name of one of the most illustrious families of the New World, whose deeds adorn the pages ...
Le Moyne, Simon - A Jesuit missionary, b. at Beauvais, 1604; d. in 1665 at Cap de la Madeleine, near Three ...
Le Nourry, Denis-Nicolas - Denis-Nicolas Le Nourry, of the Congregation of St-Maur, ecclesiastical writer, b. at Dieppe in ...
Le Puy - (Aniciensis). Diocese comprising the whole Department of Haute Loire, and is a suffragan of ...
Le Quien, Michel - French historian and theologian, b. at Boulogne-sur-Mer, department of Pas-de-Calais, 8 Oct., ...
Le Sage, Alain-René - Writer, b. at Sarzeau (Morbihan), 1668; d. at Boulogne-sur-Mer, 1747. The son of a notary who ...
Le Tellier, Charles-Maurice - Archbishop of Reims, b. at Turin, 1642; d. at Reims, 1710. The son of Michel Le Tellier and ...
Le Tellier, Michel - Born 16 October, 1643, of a peasant family, not at Vire as has so often been said, but at Vast ...
Le Verrier, Urbain-Jean-Joseph - An astronomer and director of the observatory at Paris, born at Saint Lô, the ancient ...
León - DIOCESE OF LEÓN (LEONENSIS) Suffragan of Michoacan in Mexico, erected in 1863. In the ...
León, Luis de - Spanish poet and theologian, b. at Belmonte, Aragon, in 1528; d. at Madrigal, 23 August, 1591. ...
Lead, Diocese of - (LEADENSIS). The Diocese of Lead, which was established on 6 August, 1902, comprises all that ...
League of the Cross - A Catholic total abstinence confraternity founded in London in 1873 by Cardinal Manning to ...
League, German - Only three years before the League was established, Duke Maximilian of Bavaria (d. 1651), who ...
League, The - I. THE LEAGUE OF 1576 The discontent produced by the Peace of Beaulieu (6 May, 1576), which ...
Leander of Seville, Saint - Bishop of that city, b. at Carthage about 534, of a Roman family established in that city; d. ...
Leavenworth - Diocese of Leavenworth (Leavenworthensis). Suffragan to St. Louis. When established, 22 May, ...
Lebanon - Lebanon (Assyr. Labn nu ; Hebrew Lebanôn ; Egypt. possibly, Ramunu ; Greek Libanos ...
Lebedus - Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Ephesus. It was on the coast, ninety stadia to the east ...
Lebrun, Charles - French historical painter, born in Paris, 1619; died at the Gobelin tapestry works, 1690. This ...
Lebwin, Saint - (LEBUINUS or LIAFWIN). Apostle of the Frisians and patron of Deveater, b. in England of ...
Lecce - (LICIENSIS). Diocese ; suffragan of Otranto. Lecce, the capital of a province in Terra ...
Leclerc du Tremblay, François - A Capuchin, better known as P ÈRE J OSEPH , b. in Paris, 4 Nov., 1577; d. at Rueil, ...
Leclercq, Chrestien - A Franciscan Récollet and one of the most zealous missionaries to the Micmac of ...
Lecoy de La Marche - (RICHARD-ALBERT). French historian; b. at Nemours, 1839; d. at Paris, 1897. He left the ...
Lectern - (Lecturn, Letturn, Lettern, from legere , to read). Support for a book, reading-desk, or ...
Lectionary - ( Lectionarium or Legenda ). Lectionary is a term of somewhat vague significance, used ...
Lector - A lector (reader) in the West is a clerk having the second of the four minor orders. In all ...
Ledge, Altar - Originally the altar was made in the shape of an ordinary table, on which the crucifix and ...
Ledochowski, Miecislas Halka - Count, cardinal, Archbishop of Gnesen-Posen, b. at Gorki near Sandomir in Russian Poland, 29 ...
Leeds - (LOIDIS; LOIDENSIS). Diocese embracing the West Riding of Yorkshire, and that part of the city ...
Lefèvre d'Etaples, Jacques - Frequently called "Faber Stapulensis." A French philosopher, biblical and patristic scholar; ...
Lefèvre de la Boderie, Guy - French Orientalist and poet; b. near Falaise in Normandy, 9 August, 1541; d. in 1598 in the house ...
Lefèvre, Family of - There were various members of the Lefèvre family engaged in tapestry weaving in the ...
Lefebvre, Camille - Apostle of the Acadians, b. at St. Philippe, P. Q., 1831; d. at St. Joseph, N. B., 1895. The ...
Legacies - (Latin Legata ). I. DEFINITION In its most restricted sense, by a pious legacy or bequest ...
Legate - ( Latin legare , to send). Legate, in its broad signification, means that person who is sent ...
Legends of the Saints - Under the term legend the modern concept would include every untrue tale. But it is not so ...
Legends, Literary or Profane - In the period of national origins history and legend are inextricably mingled. In the course of ...
Leghorn - (LIBURNENSIS.) Suffragan of Pisa. Leghorn ( Italian Livorno ), in Tuscany, is the capital ...
Legio - Titular see of Palestina Secunda, suffragan of Scythopolis. It figures for the first time in a ...
Legipont, Oliver - Benedictine, bibliographer, born at Soiron, Limburg, 2 Dec., 1698; died at Trier, 16 Jan., 1758. ...
Legists - Teachers of civil or Roman law, who, besides expounding sources, explaining terms, elucidating ...
Legitimation - ( Latin legitimatio ). The canonical term for the act by which the irregularity contracted ...
Legrand, Louis - French theologian and noted doctor of the Sorbonne, b. in Burgundy at Lusigny-sur-Ouche, 12 ...
Lehnin, Abbey of - Founded in 1180 by Otto II, Margrave of Brandenburg, for Cistercian monks. Situated about ...
Leibniz, System of - I. LIFE OF LEIBNIZ Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was born at Leipzig on 21 June (1 July), 1646. ...
Leigh, Venerable Richard - English martyr, born in Cambridgeshire about 1561; died at Tyburn, 30 August, 1588. Ordained ...
Leipzig - Chief town in the Kingdom of Saxony, situated at the junction of the Pleisse, Parthe, and Weisse ...
Leipzig, University of - The University of Leipzig in Saxony is, next to Heidelberg, the oldest university in the German ...
Leitmeritz - (L ITOMERICENSIS ), in Austria, embraces the northern part of the Kingdom of Bohemia (see map ...
Lejeune, Jean - Born at Poligny in 1592; died at Limoges, 19 Aug., 1672; member of the Oratory of Jesus, founded ...
Lelong, Jacques - A French bibliographer, b. at Paris, 19 April, 1665 d. there, 13 Aug., 1721. As a boy of ten, he ...
Lemberg - Seat of a Latin, a Uniat Ruthenian, and a Uniat Armenian archbishopric. The city is called Lwow ...
Lemcke, Henry - Missionary in the United States b. at Rhena, Mecklenburg, 27 July, 1796; d. at Carrolltown, ...
Lemercier, Jacques - Born at Pontoise, about 1585; died at Paris, 1654. Lemercier shares with Mansart and Le Muet the ...
Lemos, Thomas de - Spanish theologian and controversialist, b. at Rivadavia, Spain, 1555, d. at Rome 23 Aug., ...
Lennig, Adam Franz - Theologian, b. 3 Dec., 1803, at Mainz ; d. there, 22 Nov., 1866. He studied at Bouchsal under the ...
Lenormant, Charles - French arch æologist, b. in Paris, 1 June, 1802; d. at Athens, 24 November, 1859. After ...
Lenormant, François - Arch&aeligologist; son of Charles Lenormant, b. at Paris, 17 January, 1837; d. there, 9 ...
Lent - Origin of the word The Teutonic word Lent , which we employ to denote the forty days' fast ...
Lentulus, Publius - Publius Lentulus is a fictitious person, said to have been Governor of Judea before Pontius, and ...
Leo Diaconus - Byzantine historian; b. at Kaloe, at the foot of Mount Tmolos, in Ionia, about the year 950; the ...
Leo I (the Great), Pope - (Reigned 440-61). Place and date of birth unknown; died 10 November, 461. Leo's pontificate, ...
Leo II, Pope Saint - Pope (682-83), date of birth unknown; d. 28 June, 683. He was a Sicilian, and son of one Paul. ...
Leo III, Pope Saint - Date of birth unknown; died 816. He was elected on the very day his predecessor was buried (26 ...
Leo IV, Pope - (Reigned 847-55) A Roman and the son of Radoald, was unanimously elected to succeed Sergius ...
Leo IX, Pope - (1049-54), b. at Egisheim, near Colmar, on the borders of Alsace, 21 June, 1002; d. 19 April, ...
Leo V, Pope - Very little is known of him. We have no certainty either as to when he was elected or as to ...
Leo VI, Pope - The exact dates of the election and death of Leo VI are uncertain, but it is clear that he was ...
Leo VII, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d. 13 July, 939. A Roman and priest of St. Sixtus, and probably a ...
Leo VIII, Pope - Date of birth unknown; d. between 20 February and 13 April, 965. When the Emperor Otho I ...
Leo X, Pope - (G IOVANNI DE M EDICI ). Born at Florence, 11 December, 1475; died at Rome, 1 December, ...
Leo XI, Pope - (ALESSANDRO OTTAVIANO DE' MEDICI). Born at Florence in 1535; died at Rome 27 April, 1605, on ...
Leo XII, Pope - (A NNIBALE F RANCESCO C LEMENTE M ELCHIORE G IROLAMO N ICOLA DELLA G ENGA ) Born ...
Leo XIII, Pope - Born 2 March, 1810, at Carpineto; elected pope 20 February, 1878; died 20 July, 1903, at Rome. ...
Leo, Brother - Friar Minor, companion of St. Francis of Assisi,date of birth uncertain; died at Assisi, 15 ...
Leocadia, Saint - Virgin and martyr, d. 9 December, probably 304, in the Diocletian persecution. The last great ...
Leodegar, Saint - (LEGER) Bishop of Autun, b. about 615; d. a martyr in 678, at Sarcing, Somme. His mother ...
Leon - (THE DIOCESE AND CIVIL PROVINCE OF LEON) HISTORY Probably before the time of Trajan, the ...
Leonard of Chios - Born at an uncertain date on the Island of Chios, then under Genoese domination; died in Chios ...
Leonard of Limousin, Saint - Nothing absolutely certain is known of his history, as his earliest "Life", written in the ...
Leonard of Port Maurice, Saint - Preacher and ascetic writer, b. 20 Dec., 1676, at Porto Maurizio on the Riviera di Ponente; d. ...
Leonardo da Vinci - (LEONARDO DI SER PIERO DA VINCI) Florentine painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and ...
Leonidas, Saint - ( Or LEONIDES.) The Roman Martyrology records several feast days of martyrs of this ...
Leontius Byzantinus - ( Leontios Byzantios ) An important theologian of the sixth century. In spite of his ...
Leontius, Saint - Bishop of Fréjus, in Provence. France, b. probably at Nîmes, towards the end of ...
Leontopolis - A titular archiepiscopal see of Augustamnica Secunda. Strabo (XVII, 1,19, 20) places it near ...
Leopoldine Society, The - Established at Vienna for the purpose of aiding the Catholic missions in North America. When ...
Lepanto - Italian name for Naupactos (Naupactus) a titular metropolitan see of ancient Epirus. The name ...
Leprosy - Leprosy proper, or lepra tuberculosa , in contradistinction to other skin diseases commonly ...
Leptis Magna - Leptis Magna, a titular see of Tripolitana. Founded by the Sidonians in a fine and fertile ...
Leros - Titular see of the Cyclades, suffragan of Rhodes. According to Strabo (XIV, i, 6), this island ...
Leroy-Beaulieu, Anatole - French publicist, b. at Lisieux, Calvados, in 1842; d. at Paris, 15 June, 1912. After ...
Lesbi - A titular see in Mauretania Sitifensis, suffragan of Sitifis, or Sétif, in Algeria. It ...
Lesbi - A titular see in Mauretania Sitifensis, suffragan of Sitifis, or Sétif, in Algeria. It ...
Lescarbot, Marc - French lawyer, writer, and historian, b. at Vervins, between 1565 and 1570; d. about 1629. ...
Lescarbot, Marc - French lawyer, writer, and historian, b. at Vervins, between 1565 and 1570; d. about 1629. ...
Lescot, Pierre - One of the greatest architects of France in the pure Renaissance style, b. at Paris about ...
Lescot, Pierre - One of the greatest architects of France in the pure Renaissance style, b. at Paris about ...
Lesina - (PHARIA: HVAR; PHARENSIS, BRACHIENSIS, ET ISSENSIS) Diocese in Dalmatia ; includes the three ...
Leslie, John - Bishop of Ross, Scotland, born 29 September, 1527, died at Guirtenburg, near Brussels 30 May, ...
Lessius, Leonard - (LEYS) A Flemish Jesuit and a theologian of high reputation, born at Brecht, in the ...
Lessons in the Liturgy - (Exclusive of Gospel). I. HISTORY The reading of lessons from the Bible, Acts of Martyrs , or ...
Lestrange, Louis-Henri de - (In religion, DOM AUGUSTINE) Born in 1754, in the Château de Colombier-le-Vieux, ...
Lesueur, François Eustache - Jesuit missionary and philologist, of the Abnaki mission in Canada ; born (according to notes ...
Lesueur, Jean-François - Composer, b. at Drucat-Plessiel, near Abbeville, 15 Feb., 1760; d. at Paris, 6 October, 1837. He ...
Lete - A titular see of Macedonia, known by its coins and inscriptions, mentioned in Ptolemy (III, ...
Letourneux, Nicolas - A well-known French preacher and ascetical writer of Jansenistic tendencies, born at Rouen, 30 ...
Letters, Ecclesiastical - (LITTERÆ ECCLESIASTICÆ) Ecclesiastical letters are publications or announcements of ...
Leubus - A celebrated ancient Cistercian abbey, situated on the Oder, northwest of Breslau, in the ...
Leuce - A titular see of Thrace, not mentioned by any ancient historian or geographer. However, its ...
Levadoux, Michael - One of the first band of Sulpicians who, owing to the distressed state of religion in France, ...
Levau, Louis - (LE VAU) A contemporary of Jacques Lemercier and the two Mansarts, and the chief architect of ...
Levites - (From Levi , name of the ancestral patriarch, generally interpreted "joined" or "attached ...
Leviticus - The third book of the Pentateuch, so called because it treats of the offices, ministries, rites, ...
Lex - (LAW) The etymology of the Latin word lex is a subject of controversy. Some authorities ...
Lezana, Juan Bautista de - Theologian, born at Madrid, 23 Nov., 1586; died in Rome, 29 March, 1659. He took the habit at ...
Liège - (The Diocese of Liège; canonical name L EODIENSIS ). Liège (V ICUS L ...
Libel - ( Latin libellus , a little book) A malicious publication by writing, printing, picture, ...
Libellatici, Libelli - The libelli were certificates issued to Christians of the third century. They were of two ...
Liber Diurnus Romanorum Pontificum - A miscellaneous collection of ecclesiastical formularies used in the papal chancery until the ...
Liber Pontificalis - (BOOK OF THE POPES). A history of the popes beginning with St. Peter and continued down to ...
Liber Septimus - Three canonical collections of quite different value from a legal standpoint are known by this ...
Libera Me - (Domine, de morte aeterna, etc.). The responsory sung at funerals. It is a responsory of ...
Libera Nos - The first words of the Embolism of the Lord's Prayer in the Roman Rite. Most liturgies ...
Liberal Arts, The Seven - The expression artes liberales , chiefly used during the Middle Ages, does not mean arts as we ...
Liberalism - A free way of thinking and acting in private and public life. I. DEFINITION The word liberal ...
Liberatore, Matteo - A philosopher, theologian, and writer, born at Salerno, Italy, 14 August, 1810; died at Rome, ...
Liberatus of Carthage - (Sixth century) Archdeacon ; author of an important history of the Nestorian and ...
Liberia - A republic on the west coast of Africa, between 4° 20´ and 7° 20´ N. lat., ...
Liberius, Pope - (Reigned 352-66) Pope Julius died on 12 April, according to the "Liberian Catalogue", and ...
Libermann, Ven. Francis Mary Paul - Founder of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, which was afterwards merged in the ...
Libraries - Libraries, that is to say, collections of books accumulated and made accessible for public or ...
Libri Carolini - A work in four books (120 or 121 chapters), purporting to be the composition of Charlemagne, and ...
Lichfield - ANCIENT DIOCESE OF LICHFIELD (LICHFELDENSIS). This diocese took its rise in the conversion ...
Lidwina, Saint - Born at Schiedam, Holland, 18 April 1380; died 14 April, 1433. Her father, Peter by name, came of ...
Lieber, Ernst Maria - Born at Camberg in the Duchy of Nassau, 16 Nov., 1838; died 31 March, 1902. He was the principal ...
Lieber, Moriz - Politician and publicist, b. at the castle of Blankenheim in the Eifel, 1 Oct., 1790, d. at ...
Liebermann, Bruno Franz Leopold - Catholic theologian, b., at Molsheim in Alsace 12 Oct., 1759; 4. at Strasburg, 11 Nov., 1844. ...
Liesborn - A former noted Benedictine Abbey in Westphalia, Germany, founded in 815; suppressed in 1803. ...
Liesborn, Master of - A Westphalian painter, who in 1465 executed an altar-piece of note in the Benedictine monastery ...
Liessies - A Benedictine monastery near Avesnes, in the Diocese of Cambrai, France (Nord), founded about ...
Life - (Greek zoe ; Latin vita ; French La vie , German Das Leben ; vital principle; Greek ...
Ligamen - ( Latin for bond ). The existing marriage tie which constitutes in canon law a public ...
Lights - Upon the subject of the liturgical use of lights, as an adjunct of the services of the Church, ...
Ligugé - A Benedictine Abbey, in the Diocese of Poitiers, France, was founded about the year A.D. 360, ...
Liguori, Saint Alphonsus - Born at Marianella, near Naples, 27 September, 1696; died at Nocera de' Pagani, 1 August, 1787. ...
Lilienfeld - Lilienfeld, a Cistercian Abbey fifteen miles south of St. Polten, Lower Austria, was founded ...
Lilius, Aloisius - Aloisius Lilius, principal author of the Gregorian Calendar, was a native of Cirò or ...
Lille - The ancient capital of Flanders, now the chief town of the Département du Nord in France. ...
Lillooet Indians - An important tribe of Salishan linguistic stock, in southern British Columbia, formerly holding a ...
Lima - (Limana). The city of Lima, in the Department of the same name, is the capital of the Republic ...
Limbo - (Late Latin limbus ) a word of Teutonic derivation, meaning literally "hem" or "border," as ...
Limbourg, Pol de - A French miniaturist. With his two brothers, he flourished at Paris at the end of the fourteenth ...
Limburg - (L IMBURGENSIS ) Diocese in the Kingdom of Prussia, suffragan of Freiburg. I. HISTORY ...
Limerick - (LIMERICENSIS) Diocese in Ireland ; includes the greater part of the County of Limerick and ...
Limoges - (LEMOVICENSIS). Diocese comprising the Departments of Haute Vienne and Creuse in France. ...
Limyra - Limyra, a titular see of Lycia, was a small city on the southern coast of Lycia, on the Limyrus, ...
Linacre, Thomas - English physician and clergyman, founder of the Royal College of Physicians, London, b. at ...
Linares - [Or MONTEREY or NUEVO LEÓN; ARCHDIOCESE OF (DE LINARES)] In 1777, at the request of ...
Lincoln - (LINCOLNIENSIS) Suffragan of Dubuque, erected 2 August, 1887, to include that part of the ...
Lincoln - ANCIENT DIOCESE OF LINCOLN (LINCOLNIENSIS). This see was founded by St. Theodore, Archbishop ...
Lindanus, William Damasus - (VAN LINDA) Bishop of Ruremonde and of Ghent, b. at Dordrecht, in 1525; d. at Ghent, 2 ...
Linde, Justin Timotheus Balthasar, Freiherr von - Hessian jurist and stateman, b. in the village of Brilon, Westphalia, 7 Aug., 1797; d. at Bonn ...
Lindemann, Wilhelm - A Catholic historian of German literature, b. at Schonnebeck near Essen, 17 December, 1828; d. ...
Lindisfarne, Ancient Diocese and Monastery of - (Lindisfarnensis). The island of Lindisfarne lies some two miles off the Northumberland coast, ...
Lindores, Benedictine Abbey of - On the River Tay, near Newburgh, Fifeshire, Scotland, founded by David, Earl of Huntingdon, ...
Line, Saint Anne - English martyr, d. 27 Feb., 1601. She was the daughter of William Heigham of Dunmow, Essex, a ...
Linens, Altar - The altar-linens are the corporal, pall, purificator, and finger- towels. The Blessed Sacrament ...
Lingard, John - English priest and historian b. at Winchester, 5 February, 1771; d. at Hornby, 17 July, 1851. He ...
Linköping, Ancient See of - (LINCOPIA; LINCOPENSIS.) Located in Sweden ; originally included Östergötland, the ...
Linoe - A titular see of Bithynia Secunda, known only from the "Notitiae Episcopatuum" which mention ...
Linus, Pope Saint - (Reigned about A.D. 64 or 67 to 76 or 79). All the ancient records of the Roman bishops ...
Linz - D IOCESE OF L INZ (L INCIENSIS ). Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Vienna . I. HISTORY ...
Lippe - One of the Confederate States of the German Empire. The occasional use of the designation "Lippe ...
Lippi, Filippino - Italian painter, son of Filippo Lippi, b. at Prato, in 1458; d. at Florence 18 April, 1515. His ...
Lippi, Filippo - Italian painter, b. at Florence about 1406; d. at Spoleto, 9 October, 1469. Left an orphan at ...
Lippomano, Luigi - ( Or Aloisius Lipomanus Lippomano). A cardinal, hagiographer, b. in 1500; d. 15 August, ...
Lipsanotheca - A term sometimes used synonymously with reliquary, but signifying, more correctly, the little box ...
Lipsius, Justus - (JOSSE LIPS) A philologian and humanist of the Netherlands, b. at Overyssche, 18 Oct., ...
Lisbon - Patriarchate of Lisbon (Lisbonensis). Includes the districts of Lisbon and Santarem. The area ...
Lismore - DIOCESE OF LISMORE (LISMORENSIS) The Diocese of Lismore extends over a territory of 21,000 ...
Lismore and Waterford - (Waterfordiensis et Lismorensis), suffragan of Cashel. This diocese is almost coterminous with ...
Lismore, School of - As the School of Armagh in the North of Ireland, and that of Clonmacnoise in the centre, so the ...
Lister, Thomas - ( alias Thomas Butler) Jesuit writer, b. in Lancashire, about 1559; d. in England, probably ...
Liszt, Franz - Admittedly the greatest pianist in the annals of music, and a composer whose status in musical ...
Litany - (Latin litania , letania , from Greek lite , prayer or supplication) A litany is a ...
Litany of Loreto - Despite the fact that, from the seventeenth century onwards, the Litany of Loreto has been the ...
Litany of the Holy Name - An old and popular form of prayer in honour of the Name of Jesus. The author is not known. ...
Litany of the Saints - The model of all other litanies, of great antiquity. HISTORY It was used in the "Litania ...
Literature, English - It is not unfitting to compare English Literature to a great tree whose far spreading and ever ...
Lithuania - ( German Litauen ) An ancient grandy-duchy united with Poland in the fourteenth century. ...
Lithuanians in the United States - The Lithuanians ( Lietuvys ; adjective, lietuviskas ) are a people of Russia, occupying the ...
Litta - A noble Milanese family which gave two distinguished cardinals to the Church. I. ALFONSO ...
Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assissi - Little Flowers of Francis of Assisi , the name given to a classic collection of popular legends ...
Little Office of Our Lady - A liturgical devotion to the Blessed Virgin, in imitation of, and in addition to, the Divine ...
Little Rock - (PETRICULANA) The State of Arkansas and the Indian Territory, parts of the Louisiana ...
Littré, Paul-Maximilien-Emile - A French lexicographer and philosopher ; born at Paris, 1 February, 1801; died there, 2 June, ...
Liturgical Books - Under this name we understand all the books, published by the authority of any church, that ...
Liturgical Chant - Taking these words in their ordinary acceptation, it is easy to settle the meaning of "liturgical ...
Liturgy - The various Christian liturgies are described each under its own name. ( See ALEXANDRINE ...
Liturgy of Jerusalem - The Rite of Jerusalem is that of Antioch. That is to say, the Liturgy that became famous as ...
Liturgy of the Hours - ("Liturgy of the Hours" I. THE EXPRESSION "DIVINE OFFICE" This expression signifies ...
Liutprand of Cremona - (Or L UIDPRAND ). Bishop and historian, b. at the beginning of the tenth century; d. after ...
Liverpool - Diocese of Liverpool/a>/Liverpolium (Liverpolitana). One of the thirteen dioceses into ...
Livias - A titular see in Palestina Prima, suffragan of Cæsarea. It is twice mentioned in the Bible ...
Livorno - (LIBURNENSIS.) Suffragan of Pisa. Leghorn ( Italian Livorno ), in Tuscany, is the capital ...
Llancarvan - Llancarvan, Glamorganshire, Wales, was a college and monastery founded apparently about the ...
Llandaff - ANCIENT DIOCESE OF LLANDAFF (LANDAVENSIS) The origins of this see are to be found in the sixth ...
Llanthony Priory - A monastery of Augustinian Canons, situated amongst the Black Mountains of South Wales, nine ...
Lloyd, Saint John - Welsh priest and martyr, executed at Cardiff, 22 July, 1679. He took the missionary oath at ...
Loaisa, Garcia de - Cardinal and Archbishop of Seville, b. in Talavera, Spain, c. 1479; d. at Madrid, 21 April, ...
Loango - VICARIATE APOSTOLIC OF LOANGO (LOWER FRENCH CONGO). Formerly included in the great Kingdom of ...
Loaves of Proposition - Heb. "bread of the faces", i.e. "bread of the presence (of Yahweh )" ( Exodus 35:13 ; 39:35 , ...
Lobbes, Benedictine Abbey of - Located in Hainault, Belgium, founded about 650, by St. Landelin, a converted brigand, so that ...
Lobera, Ann - (Better known as V ENERABLE A NN OF J ESUS ). Carmelite nun, companion of St. Teresa; ...
Loccum - (LUCCA, LOCKEN, LOCKWEEN, LYKE, LYCKO) A Cistercian abbey in the Diocese of Minden, formerly ...
Lochleven - (From leamhan , an elm-tree) Lochleven, a lake in Kinross-shire, Scotland, an island of ...
Lochner, Stephen - A painter, born at Meersburg, on the Lake of Constance, date of birth unknown; died at ...
Loci Theologici - Loci theologici or loci communes , are the common topics of discussion in theology. As ...
Locke, Matthew - Composer; born at Exeter, in 1629; died August, 1677. He was a chorister of Exeter Cathedral ...
Lockhart, William - Son of the Rev. Alexander Lockhart of Waringham, Surry; b. 22 Aug., 1820; d. at St. Etheldreda's ...
Lockwood, Venerable John - Venerable John Lockwood, priest and martyr, born about 1555; died at York, 13 April, 1642. He ...
Lodi - (LAUDENSIS) A suffragan of Milan. Lodi, the capital of a district in the Province of Milan, ...
Logia, Jesu - Found partly in the Inspired Books of the New Testament, partly in uninspired writings. The ...
Logic - Logic is the science and art which so directs the mind in the process of reasoning and ...
Logos, The - The word Logos is the term by which Christian theology in the Greek language designates the ...
Lohel, Johann - (JOHANN LOHELIUS) Archbishop of Prague, b. at Eger, Bohemia, 1549; d. 2 Nov., 1622. Of poor ...
Lohner, Tobias - Born 13 March, 1619, at Neuötting in the Diocese of Salzburg ; died 26 (probably) May, ...
Loja, Diocese of - (Lojana), suffragan of Quito, Ecuador, includes the greater part of the Provinces of Loja and El ...
Lollards - The name given to the followers of John Wyclif, an heretical body numerous in England in the ...
Loménie de Brienne, Etienne-Charles de - French cardinal and statesman; b. at Paris, 1727; d. at Sens, 1794. He was of noble lineage, ...
Loman, Saint - Bishop of Trim in Ireland, nephew of St. Patrick, was remarkable as being the first placed over ...
Lombard, Peter - Theologian, b. at Novara (or perhaps Lumello), Italy, about 1100; d. about 1160-64. He studied ...
Lombard, Peter - Archbishop of Armagh, b. at Waterford, about 1555; d. at Rome, 1625; belonged to a respectable ...
Lombardy - A word derived from Longobardia and used during the Middle Ages to designate the country ruled ...
London (England) - London, the capital of England and chief city of the British Empire, is situated about fifty ...
London (Ontario) - DIOCESE OF LONDON (LONDINENSIS) Diocese in Canada, established 21 February, 1855; see ...
Longstreet, James - Soldier and Catholic convert. Born 8 January, 1821, at Edgefield, South Carolina, U.S.A.; died ...
Lope de Vega Carpio, Félix de - Poet and dramatist, b. at Madrid, 1562; d. 23 Aug., 1635. With Lope de Vega begins the era of ...
Lopez-Caro, Francisco - Spanish artist, b. at Seville in 1598; d. at Madrid in 1662; he was a pupil of Juan de Las ...
Lord's Prayer - Although the Latin term oratio dominica is of early date, the phrase "Lord's Prayer" does not ...
Lorea - Titular see in the province of Arabia, suffragan of Bostra. The city figures in the different ...
Lorenzana, Francisco Antonio de - Cardinal, b. 22 Sept., 1722 at Leon in Spain ; d. 17 April, 1804, at Rome. After the completion ...
Lorenzetti, Pietro and Ambrogio - Sienese painters. The time of their birth and death is not known. Their dated works extend ...
Lorenzo da Brindisi, Saint - (Also: Lawrence, or Laurence, of Brindisi.) Born at Brindisi in 1559; died at Lisbon on 22 ...
Loreto, Holy House of - (The Holy House of Loreto). Since the fifteenth century, and possibly even earlier, the "Holy ...
Loreto, Litany of - Despite the fact that, from the seventeenth century onwards, the Litany of Loreto has been the ...
Lorette - (Full name, Notre-Dame de la Jeune Lorette , "Our Lady of New Loretto") An Indian village ...
Lorrain, Claude de - French painter and etcher, b. in 1600 at Chamagnc on the banks of the Moselle in Lorraine ; d. ...
Lorraine - I. ORIGIN By the Treaty of Verdun in 843, the empire of Charlemagne was divided in three ...
Lorsch Abbey - ( Laureshamense Monasterium , called also Laurissa and Lauresham ). One of the most ...
Loryma - A titular see of Caria, small fortified town and harbour on the coast of Caria, not far from ...
Los Angeles and Monterey - DIOCESE OF MONTEREY AND LOS ANGELES (MONTEREYENSIS ET ANGELORUM). Comprises that part of the ...
Lossada, Luis de - Philosopher, b. at Quiroga, Asturias, Spain in 1681; d. at Salamanca, in 1748. He entered the ...
Lossen, Karl August - German petrologist and geologist, born at Kreuznach (Rhine Province), 5 January, 1841; died at ...
Lot - Son of Abraham's brother Aran ( Genesis 11:27 ), therefore Abraham's nephew (his "brother": ...
Lottery - A lottery is one of the aleatory contracts and is commonly defined as a distribution of prizes by ...
Lotti, Antonio - Composer, born at Venice in 1667; died there, 5 January, 1740 and studied under Legrenzi, ...
Lotto, Lorenzo - Italian portrait painter, born at Venice, 1480; died at Loreto, 1556. This eminent artist was ...
Loucheux - The would-be Kuchin of some ethnologists, and the Tukudh of the Protestant missionaries; ...
Louis Allemand, Blessed - Cardinal, Archbishop of Arles, whose name has been written in a great variety of ways (Alamanus, ...
Louis Bertrand, Saint - Born at Valencia, Spain, 1 Jan., 1526; died 9 Oct., 1581. His patents were Juan Bertrand and ...
Louis IX, Saint - King of France, son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile, born at Poissy, 25 April, 1215; died ...
Louis of Casoria, Venerable - Friar Minor and founder of the Frati Bigi; b. at Casoria, near Naples, 11 March, 1814; d. at ...
Louis of Granada, Venerable - Theologian, writer, and preacher; b. of very humble parentage at Granada, Spain, 1505; d. at ...
Louis of Toulouse, Saint - Bishop of Toulouse, generally represented vested in pontifical garments and holding a book and a ...
Louis XIV - King of France, b. at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 16 September, 1638; d. at Versailles, 1 September, ...
Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort, Saint - Missionary in Brittany and Vendee; born at Montfort, 31 January, 1673; died at Saint Laurent sur ...
Louise de Marillac Le Gras, Venerable - Foundress of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul , born at Paris, 12 August, 1591, ...
Louise, Sister - Educator and organizer, b. at Bergen-op-Zoom, Holland, 14 Nov., 1813; d. at Cincinnati, Ohio, 3 ...
Louisiana - I. COLONIAL The history of Louisiana forms an important part of the history of the United ...
Louisville, Diocese of - Comprises that part of Kentucky west of the Kentucky River and western borders of Carroll, Owen, ...
Lourdes, Brothers of Our Lady of - (Abbreviation C.N.D.L. — Congregation de Notre-Dame de Lourdes) A community devoted to ...
Lourdes, Notre-Dame de - Notre-Dame de Lourdes, in the Department of Hautes Pyrenées, France, is far-famed for the ...
Louvain, University of - In order to restore the splendour of Louvain, capital of his Duchy of Brabant, John IV of the ...
Love, Theological Virtue of - The third and greatest of the Divine virtues enumerated by St. Paul ( 1 Corinthians 13:13 ), ...
Low Church - The name given to one of the three parties or doctrinal tendencies that prevail in the ...
Low Sunday - The first Sunday after Easter. The origin of the name is uncertain, but it is apparently ...
Lower California, Vicariate Apostolic of - Includes the territory of that name in Mexico (Sp. Baja or Vieja California ), a peninsula ...
Lower Criticism - The object of textual criticism is to restore as nearly as possible the original text of a work ...
Loyola University (Chicago) - Loyola University is the outgrowth of St. Ignatius College, founded by the Jesuits in 1869 for ...
Loyola University (New Orleans) - Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana, is (1912) the only Catholic university in what is ...
Loyola, Saint Ignatius - Youngest son of Don Beltrán Yañez de Oñez y Loyola and Marina Saenz de Lieona ...
Luçon - Diocese of Luçon (Lucionensis). Embraces the Department of La Vendée. It was ...
Lublin - DIOCESE OF LUBLIN (LUBLINENSIS). The city of Lublin is in Russian Poland, capital of the ...
Luca, Giovanni Battista de - A Cardinal and Italian canonist of the seventeenth century, b. at Venusia, Southern Italy, in ...
Lucas, Frederick - A member of Parliament and journalist, b. in Westminster, 30 March, 1812, d. at Staines, ...
Lucca - ARCHDIOCESE OF LUCCA (LUCENSIS). Lucca, the capital of the like named province in Tuscany, ...
Lucera - DIOCESE OF LUCERA (LUCERINENSIS). Lucera is a very ancient city in the province of Foggia in ...
Lucerne - Chief town of the Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. The beginnings of the town, as well as the ...
Lucian of Antioch - A priest of the Church of Antioch who suffered martyrdom (7 January, 312), during the reign ...
Lucic, John - (Or LUCIUS) Croatian historian, b. early in the seventeenth century, at Trojir, or Tragurion, ...
Lucifer - ( Hebrew helel ; Septuagint heosphoros , Vulgate lucifer ) The name Lucifer ...
Lucifer of Cagliari - (LUCIFER CALARITANUS) A bishop, who must have been born in the early years of the fourth ...
Lucina, Crypt of - The traditional title of the most ancient section of the catacomb of St. Callistus. According to ...
Lucius I, Pope Saint - Reigned 253-254; died at Rome, 5 March, 254. After the death of St. Cornelius , who died in ...
Lucius II, Pope - (Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso) Born at Bologna, unknown date, died at Rome, 15 February, ...
Lucius III, Pope - (Ubaldo Allucingoli) Born at Lucca, unknown date ; died at Verona, 25 Notaember, 1185. ...
Lucy, Saint - A virgin and martyr of Syracuse in Sicily, whose feast is celebrated by Latins and ...
Ludger, Saint - (Lüdiger or Liudger) Missionary among the Frisians and Saxons, first Bishop of Munster ...
Ludmilla, Saint - Wife of Boriwoi, the first Christian Duke of Bohemia, b. at Mielnik, c. 860; d. at Tetin, near ...
Ludolph of Saxony - (Ludolph the Carthusian ). An ecclesiastical writer of the fourteenth century, date of ...
Ludovicus a S. Carolo - (LUDOVICUS JACOB) Carmelite writer, b. at Châlons-sur-Marne (according to some at ...
Lueger, Karl - A burgomaster of Vienna, Austrian political leader and municipal reformer, born at Vienna, 24 ...
Lugo - DIOCESE OF LUGO (LUCENSIS) Diocese in Galicia, Spain, a suffragan of Santiago, said to have ...
Lugo, Francisco de - Jesuit theologian, b. at Madrid, 1580; d. at Valladolid, 17 September, 1652. he was the elder ...
Lugo, John de - Spanish Jesuit and Cardinal, one of the most eminent theologians of modern times, b. at ...
Lugos - Diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Fogaras and Alba Julia of the Uniat-Rumanian Rite, was ...
Luini, Bernardino - Milanese painter, b. between 1470 and 1480; d. after 1530. The actual facts known respecting the ...
Luke, Gospel of Saint - The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Biography of Saint Luke ...
Lulé Indians - A name which has given rise to considerable confusion and dispute in Argentine ethnology, owing ...
Lully, Jean-Baptiste - Composer, b. near Florence in 1633; d. at Paris, 22 March, 1687. He was brought to France when ...
Lully, Raymond - (RAMON LULL) "Doctor Illuminatus", philosopher, poet, and theologian, b. at Palma in Majorca, ...
Lumen Christi - The versicle chanted by the deacon on Holy Saturday as he lights the triple candle. After ...
Luminare - (A word which gives in the plural luminaria and has hence been incorrectly written in the ...
Lummi Indians - (Abbreviated from Nuglummi , about equivalent to "people", the name used by themselves). ...
Lumper, Gottfried - Benedictine patristic writer, born 6 Feb., 1747, at Füssen in Bavaria ; died 8 March, ...
Luna, Pedro de - Antipope under the name of Benedict XIII, b. at Illueca, Aragon, 1328; d. at the ...
Lund - [LUNDA; LONDUNUM (LONDINUM) GOTHORUM (SCANORUM, SCANDINORUM, or DANORUM)]. In the Län of ...
Lunette - The lunette, known in Germany as the lunula and also as the melchisedech, is a crescent-shaped ...
Luni-Sarzana-Brugnato - Diocese in the province of Genoa. Luni (originally Luna) was an Etruscan city, but was seized by ...
Lupus - (SERVATUS LUPUS, LOUP) Abbot of Ferrières, French Benedictine writer, b. in the ...
Lupus, Christian - (WOLF) Historian, b. at Ypres (Flanders), 23 July, 1612; d. at Louvain, 10 July, 1681. He ...
Luscinius, Ottmar - (NACHTGALL) An Alsatian Humanist, b. at Strasburg, 1487; d. at Freiburg, 1537. After ...
Lusignan, Jean-Baptiste-Alphonse - French-Canadian writer, b. at St-Denis on the Richelieu, P.Q., 27 September, 1843; d. 5 January, ...
Lussy, Melchior - Statesman, b. at Stans, Canton of Unterwalden, Switzerland, 1529; d. there 14 Nov., 1606. Even in ...
Lust - The inordinate craving for, or indulgence of, the carnal pleasure which is experienced in the ...
Luther, Martin - Leader of the great religious revolt of the sixteenth century in Germany ; born at Eisleben, 10 ...
Lutheranism - The religious belief held by the oldest and in Europe the most numerous of the Protestant ...
Lutzk, Zhitomir, and Kamenetz, Diocese of - (LUCEORIENSIS, ZYTOMIRIENSIS, ET CAMENECENSIS). Diocese located in Little Russia. Its present ...
Luxemburg - The small remnant of the old duchy of this name and since 11 May, 1867, an independent neutral ...
Luxeuil Abbey - Situated in the Department of Haute-Saône in Franche-Comté, in the Diocese of ...
Lycopolis - A titular see in Thebais Prima, suffragan of Antinoë. As Siout or Siaout it played a ...
Lydda - A titular see of Palestina Prima in the Patriarchate of Jerusalem. The town was formerly ...
Lydgate, John - Born at Lydgate, Suffolk, about 1370; d. probably about 1450. He entered the Benedictine abbey ...
Lying - Lying, as defined by St. Thomas Aquinas , is a statement at variance with the mind . This ...
Lynch, John - Historian, b. at Galway, Ireland, 1599; d. in France, 1673; was the son of Alexander Lynch, who ...
Lyndwood, William - Bishop of St. David's and the greatest of English canonists, b. about 1375; d. in 1446. He had ...
Lyons, Archdiocese of - The Archdiocese of Lyons (Lugdunensis) comprises the Department of the Rhône (except the ...
Lyons, Councils of (Introduction) - Previous to 1313 the Abbé Martin counts no less than twenty-eight synods or councils held ...
Lyons, First Council of - Innocent IV, threatened by Emperor Frederick II, arrived at Lyons 2 December, 1244, and early in ...
Lyons, Second Council of - The Second Council of Lyons was one of the most largely attended of conciliar assemblies, there ...
Lyrba - A titular see of Pamphylia Prima, known by its coins and the mention made of it by Dionysius, ...
Lysias - A titular see of Phrygia Salutaris, mentioned by Strabo, XII, 576, Pliny, V, 29, Ptolemy, V, 2, ...
Lystra - A titular see in the Province of Lycaonia, suffragan of Iconium. On his first visit to this ...

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