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Volume V in the Catholic Encyclopedia

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294 V entries. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Vácz, Diocese of - (VÄCZ or VACIENSIS). Located in Hungary ; suffragan of Gran ; probably founded by King ...
Vénard, Théophane - (JEAN-THÉOPHANE V&Eaucte;NARD.) French missionary, born at St-Loup, Diocese of ...
Véron, François - French controversialist, b. at Paris about 1575; d. at Charenton, 1625. After brilliant studies ...
Völuspá - "The wisdom of the prophetess ", the most famous mythological poem of the "Elder Edda", relates ...
Vaast, Abbey of Saint - Situated at Arras, the ancient capital of Artois, Department of Pas-de-Calais, France ; founded ...
Vacancy - The state of being vacant, free, unoccupied: a term applied to an office or position devoid of an ...
Vadstena, Abbey of - Motherhouse of the Brigittine Order, situated on Lake Wetter, in the Diocese of Linköping, ...
Vaga - A titular see of Numidia, frequently mentioned by historians and ancient geographers. Before ...
Vaillant de Gueslis, François - Jesuit missionary, born at Orlxans, 20 July, 1646; died at Moulins, 24 Sept., 1718. He entered ...
Vaison, Ancient Diocese of - (VASIONENSIS.) This was suppressed by the Concordat of 1801 , and its territory is now ...
Valdés, Alfonso de - Spanish Humanist and chancellor of the Emperor Charles V, born at Cuenca in Castile about 1500; ...
Valence, Diocese of - (VALENTINENSIS). See also UNIVERSITY OF VALENCE. Comprises the present Department of Drome. ...
Valence, University of - See also DIOCESE OF VALENCE . Erected 26 July, 1452, by letters patent from the Dauphin Louis, ...
Valencia - (VALENTINA). Archdiocese located in Spain ; comprises the civil Provinces of Valencia, ...
Valencia, University of - At the request of Jaime I the Conqueror, Innocent IV in 1246, authorized by a Bull the ...
Valens, Flavius - Emperor of the East, b. in Pannonia (now Hungary ) c. 328; d. near Adrianople, in Thrace, ...
Valentine, Pope - Date of birth unknown; died about October, 827. Valentine was by birth was Roman, belonging to the ...
Valentine, Saint - At least three different Saint Valentines, all of them martyrs, are mentioned in the early ...
Valentinian I - (FLAVIUS VALENTINIANUS). Emperor of the West, 364-75. Born at Cibalis (probably Mikanovici), ...
Valentinian II - (FLAVIUS VALENTINIANUS) Reigned 375-392; born in Gaul, about 371, murdered at Vienne, ...
Valentinian III - Reigned 425-55, b. at Ravenna, 3 July, 419; d. at Rome, 16 March, 455; son of Constantius III ...
Valentinus and Valentinians - Valentinus, the best known and most influential of the Gnostic heretics, was born according to ...
Valerian - (Publius Aurelius Licinius Valerianus). Roman emperor (253-60). Member of a distinguished ...
Validation of Marriage - Validation of marriage may be effected by a simple renewal of consent when its nullity arises ...
Vallée-Poussin, Charles-Louis-Joseph-Xavier de la - Professor of geology and mineralogy at the Catholic University of Louvain (1863), doctor honoris ...
Valla, Lorenzo - (DELLA VALLE). Humanist and philosopher, b. at Rome, 1405; d. there, 1 Aug., 1457. His ...
Valladolid, Archdiocese of - (VALLISOLETANA). Bounded on the north by Palencia, east by Burgos and Segovia, south by ...
Valladolid, University of - The name of the founder and the date of foundation of the University of Valladolid are not known ...
Vallarsi, Dominic - An Italian priest, born at Verona, 13 November, 1702; died there, 14 August, 1771. He studied ...
Valle, Pietro della - Italian traveller in the Orient, b. at Rome, 2 April, 1586; d. there, 21 April, 1652. He ...
Valleyfield, Diocese of - (CAMPIVALLENSIS.) Valleyfield is a thriving city of about 10,000 inhabitants, situated at the ...
Vallgornera, Thomas de - Dominican theologian and ascetical writer, renowned for his learning and piety, born in ...
Valliscaulian Order - ("Vallis Caulium", or "Val-des-Choux", the name of the first monastery of that order, in Burgundy ...
Vallo and Capaccio - (CAPUTAQUENSIS ET VALLENSIS) Suffragan diocese of Salerno. Capaccio is a city in the ...
Vallumbrosan Order - The name is derived from the motherhouse, Vallombrosa (Latin Vallis umbrosa, shady valley), ...
Valois, Henri - (HENRICUS VALESIUS). Philologist, b. at Paris, 10 Sept., 1603; d. at Paris, 7 May, 1676. He ...
Valona - Titular see, suffragan of Dyrrachium, in Epirus Nova. The ancient name was Aulon, mentioned for ...
Valroger, Hyacinthe de - French Oratorian, born at Caen, 6 January, 1814; died 10 October, 1876. He first studied ...
Valva and Sulmona, Dioceses of - (VALVEN. ET SULMONEN.) Located in Italy ; united aeque principaliter . Valva, a medieval ...
Valverde, Vincent de - Born at Oropesa, Spain towards the close of the fifteenth century; d. at the Island of ...
Van Beethoven, Ludwig - Born at Bonn, probably on 16 December, 1770; died at Vienna, 26 March, 1827. The date of his ...
Van Beneden, Pierre-Joseph - Born at Mechlin, Belgium, 19 Dec., 1809; died at Louvain, 8 Jan., 1894. Educated for the ...
Van Buren, William Home - Distinguished American surgeon, b. at Philadelphia, 5 April, 1819; d. at New York, 25 March, 1883. ...
Van Cleef, Jan - A Flemish painter, b. in Guelderland in 1646, d. at Ghent, 18 December, 1716. He was a pupil of ...
Van Cleef, Joost - (JOSSE VAN CLEVE). The "Madman", a Flemish painter born in Antwerp c. 1520, died c. 1556. ...
Van Cleef, Martin - A Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in 1520; died in 1570; was the son of the painter William ...
Van de Velde, Peter - (PEDRO CAMPAÑA). Painter, b. at Brussels, 1503; d. in that city in 1580. This artist ...
Van De Vyver, Augustine - Sixth Bishop of Richmond, Virginia ; b. at Haesdonck, East Flanders, Belgium, 1 Dec., 1844; ...
Van den Broek, Theodore J. - Priest and missionary, b. at Amsterdam, Holland, 5 Nov., 1783; d. at Little Chute, Wisconsin, 5 ...
Van der Bundere, Joannes - (VAN DEN BUNDERE). A Flemish theologian and controversialist, born of distinguished parents ...
Van der Sandt, Maximilian - (SANDAUS). Born at Amsterdam, 17 April, 1578; d. at Cologne, 21 June, 1656. He entered the ...
Van der Weyden, Rogier - Painter, b. at Tournai, 1399 or 1400; d. at Brussels, 1464. His original name was De la Pasture, ...
Van Eyck, Hubert and Jan - Brothers, Flemish illuminators and painters, founders of the school of Bruges and ...
Vancouver - (VANCOUVERIENSIS). Archdiocese ; includes that part of the mainland of the Province of British ...
Vandal, Albert - French writer, b. at Paris, 7 July, 1853; d. there, 30 Aug., 1910. His father was director ...
Vandals - A Germanic people belonging to the family of East Germans. According to Tacitus, they were ...
Vane, Thomas - The place and time of his birth and death are not known; but he was educated at Christ's ...
Vannes, Diocese of - (VENETENSIS). Comprises the Department of Morbihan, and was re-established by the Concordat ...
Vanni, Andrea - Painter and statesman, b. at Siena, 1320; d. 1414. He entered politics after the democratic ...
Vanni, Francesco - Painter, b. at Siena, 1565; d. there, 1609. Vanni was one of the better class of artists of the ...
Varani, Blessed Baptista - (Varano). An ascetical writer, b. at Camerino, in the Camerino, belonged to an illustrious ...
Vargas y Mexia, Francisco de - Spanish diplomat and ecclesiastical writer, b. at Madrid, date unknown; d. At the ...
Vargas, Luis de - Painter, b. at Seville, in 1502; d. there in 1568. He has two claims upon our attention; he was ...
Vasari, Giorgio - Painter, architect, and writer, b. at Arezzo, 1511; d. at Florence, 1574. Although an artist of ...
Vase, Altar - Vase to hold flowers for the decoration of the altar. The Cæremoniale Episcoporum (I, xii, ...
Vasquez, Gabriel - Theologian, b. at Villaescusa de Haro, near Belmonte, Cuenca, 1549 or 1551; d. at Alcalá, ...
Vatable, François - (Or better WATEBLED, the name is also written GASTEBLED or OUATEBLE). French Hellenist and ...
Vatican as a Scientific Institution, The - Regarded from the point of view of scientific productivity, the Vatican is the busiest ...
Vatican Council - The Vatican Council, the twentieth and up to now [1912] the last ecumenical council, opened on 8 ...
Vatican Observatory - The Vatican Observatory now bears the official title, "Specola Astronomica Vaticana". To ...
Vatican, The - This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Introduction; II. Architectural ...
Vaticanus, Codex - (CODEX B), a Greek manuscript, the most important of all the manuscripts of Holy Scripture . ...
Vaudreuil - Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil Governor of Canada, born in Languedoc, France, in the ...
Vaughan, Herbert - Cardinal, and third Archbishop of Westminster ; b. at Gloucester, 15 April, 1832; d. at St. ...
Vaughan, Roger William - (B EDE ). Second Archbishop of Sydney, b. at Courtfield, Herefordshire, 9 January, 1834; ...
Vauquelin, Louis-Nicolas - Born at Saint-André d'Hebertot, Normandy, 16 May, 1763; died 14 Nov., 1829. In youth as ...
Vaux, Laurence - (V OSE ). Canon regular, author of a catechism, martyr in prison, b. at Blackrod, ...
Vaux-de-Cernay - A celebrated Cistercian abbey situated in the Diocese of Versailles, Seine-et-Oise, in what was ...
Vavasour, Thomas - English Catholic physician, pensioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, b. about 1536-7; d. at ...
Vavasseur, François - Humanist and controversialist, b. at Paray-le-Monial, 8 Dec., 1605; d. at Paris, 16 Dec., ...
Vaz, Blessed Joseph - A Goanese priest, Apostle of Ceylon [ Sri Lanka ], b. at Goa, 21 April, 1651; d. at Kandy, 16 ...
Vecchietta, Lorenzo di Pietro - Painter, sculptor, goldsmith, and architect, b. at Castiglione di Val d'Orcia, 1412; d. there, ...
Vedas - The sacred books of ancient India. The Sanskrit word veda means "knowledge", more particularly ...
Vega, Andreas de - Theologian and Franciscan Observantine, b. at Segovia in Old Castile, Spain, at unknown date ...
Veghe, Johannes - German preacher and religious writer, b. at Münster in Westphalia about 1435; d. there, 21 ...
Vegio, Maffeo - (MAPHEUS VEGIUS.) Churchman, humanist, poet, and educator, b. at Lodi, Italy, 1406; d. at ...
Veglia, Diocese of - (VEGIENSIS ET ARBENSIS). In Austria, suffragan of Görz-Gradisca. Parallel to the Dinaric ...
Vehe, Michael - Born at Bieberach near Wimpfen; died at Halle, April, 1559. He joined the Dominicans at Wimpfen, ...
Veil, Humeral - This is the name given to a cloth of rectangular shape about 8 ft. long and 1 1/2 ft. wide. The ...
Veil, Religious - In ancient Rome a red veil, or a veil with red stripes, distinguished newly-married women from ...
Veit, Philipp - Painter, b. at Berlin, 13 Feb., 1793; d. at Mainz, 18 Dec., 1877. Veit was a grandson of the ...
Veith, Johann Emanuel - Preacher, b. of Jewish parents at Kuttenplan, Bohemia, 1787; d. at Vienna, 6 Nov., 1876. In ...
Velazquez, Diego Rodriguez de Silva y - Spanish painter, b. at Seville 5 June, 1599 (the certificate of baptism is dated 6 June); d. at ...
Venezuela - A republic formed out of the provinces which, under Spanish rule, constituted the captaincy ...
Veni Creator Spiritus - The "most famous of hymns " (Frere), is assigned in the Roman Breviary to Vespers (I and II) ...
Veni Sancte Spiritus Et Emitte Coelitus - The sequence for Pentecost (the "Golden Sequence "). It is sung at Mass from Whitsunday until ...
Veni Sancte Spiritus Reple - A prose invocation of the Holy Ghost . The Alleluia following the Epistle of Whitsunday ...
Venice - Venice, the capital of a province in Northern Italy, is formed of a group of 117 small islands ...
Venosa - (VENUSIN.) Diocese in Southern Italy. The city is situated on a high precipitous hill, one of ...
Ventimiglia - (VENTIMILIENSIS) Located in the Province of Porto Maurizio, northern Italy. The city is ...
Ventura di Raulica, Gioacchino - Italian pulpit orator, patriot, phyilosopher, b. at Palermo, 8 Dec., 1792; d. at Versailles, 2 ...
Venturino of Bergamo - Preacher, b. at Bergamo, 9 April, 1304; d. at Smyrna, 28 March, 1346. He received the habit of ...
Venusti, Raffaele - (VENOSTA.) Born at Tirano, Valtellina, northern Italy, about the end of the fifteenth ...
Vera Cruz - (VERAE CRUCIS or JALAPENSIS). Diocese of the Mexican Republic, suffragan of the Archbishopric ...
Verapoly, Archdiocese of - (VERAPOLITANA.) Located on the Malabar Coast, India, having the Diocese of Quilon as ...
Verbiest, Ferdinand - Missionary and astronomer, b. at Pitthem near Coutrai, Also spelled "Kortrijk" Belgium, 9 ...
Verbum Supernum Prodiens - The first line of two hymns celebrating respectively the Nativity of Christ and the Institution ...
Vercelli - (VERCELLENSIS). Archdiocese in the Province of Novara, Piedmont, Italy. The city of Vercelli ...
Vercellone, Carlo - Biblical scholar, born at Biella, Milan ; died at Rome, 19 January, 1869. He entered the Order ...
Verdaguer, Jacinto - Poet, b. at Riudeperas, Province of Barcelona, Spain, 17 April, 1845; d. at Vallvidrera, ...
Verdi, Giuseppe - Composer, b. at Le Roncole, Parma, Italy, 10 October, 1813; d. at S. Agata, near Busseto, 27 ...
Verdun, Diocese of - (VIRODUNENSIS.) Comprises the Department of the Meuse. Suppressed by the Concordat of 1802, ...
Verecundus - sentence --> Bishop of Junca, in the African Province of Byzacena, in the middle of the ...
Vergani, Paolo - Italian political economist, b. in Piedmont, 1753; d. in Paris, about 1820. As a student, he ...
Vergerio, Pier Paolo, the Elder - Humanist, statesman, and canonist, b. at Capodistria, 23 July, 1370; d. at Budapest, 8 July, 1444 ...
Vergil, Polydore - Born at Ubino about 1470; died there probably in 1555. Having studied at Bologna and Padua, he ...
Vergilius of Salzburg, Saint - Irish missionary and astronomer, of the eighth century. Vergilius (or Virgilius, in Irish ...
Vering, Friedrich Heinrich - A German canonist, b. at Liesborn in Westphalia, 9 March, 1833; d. at Prague, 30 March, 1896. ...
Vermont - One of the New England states, extends from the line of Massachusetts, on the south 42° 44' N. ...
Verna, La - An isolated mountain hallowed by association with St. Francis of Assisi, situated in the centre ...
Vernazza, Tommasina - Born at Genoa, 1497; died there, 1587. Her father, Ettore Vernazza, was a patrician, founder of ...
Verne, Jules - Novelist, b. at Nantes, France, 1828; d. at Amiens, 1905. His first literary venture was a ...
Vernier, Pierre - Inventor of the instrument which bears his name, b. at Ornans, Franche-Comte, c. 1580; d. there, ...
Veroli, Diocese of - (VERULANA). Located in the Province of Rome. The city of Veroli (Verulae) is situated on the ...
Verona - (VERONENSIS.) Diocese in Venetia (Northern Italy ). The city, situated on both branches of ...
Veronica Giuliani, Saint - Born at Mercatello in the Duchy of Urbino, Italy, 1660; died at Citt` di Castello, 9 July, 1727. ...
Veronica, Saint - In several regions of Christendom there is honored under this name a pious matron of ...
Verot, Augustin - Third Bishop of Savannah, first of St. Augustine, b. at Le Puy, France, May, 1804; d. at St. ...
Verrazano, Giovanni da - Navigator, b. about 1485, of good family, at Val di Greve, near Florence ; executed at Puerto ...
Verreau, Hospice-Anthelme - A French-Canadian priest, educator, and historian, b. at l'Islet, P.Q., 6 Sept., 1828, of Germain ...
Verri, Count Pietro - Economist, b. at Milan, Dec., 1728; d. there, 29 June, 1797. After studying at Monza, Rome, and ...
Verrocchio, Andrea del - Born at Florence, 1435; d. at Venice, 1488. He was called Andrea di Michele di Francesco de' ...
Versailles - (VERSALIENSIS). Diocese ; includes the Department of Seine-et-Oise, France. Created in ...
Versions of the Bible - Synopsis GREEK : Septuagint; Aquila; Theodotion; Symmachus; other versions. VERSIONS FROM THE ...
Versions of the Bible, Coptic - DIALECTS The Coptic language is now recognized in four principal dialects, Bohairic (formerly ...
Verstegan, Richard - ( Alias ROWLANDS). Publisher and antiquarian, born at London, about 1548; died at Antwerp ...
Vertin, John - Third Bishop of Marquette, U.S.A. b. at Doblice, Diocese of Laibach (Carniolia), Austria, 17 ...
Vertot, Réné-Aubert, Sieur de - French historian, b. at Benetot, Normandy, 25 Nov., 1655; d. in Paris, 15 June, 1735. He was for ...
Veruela - A celebrated Cistercian monastery and church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin. It is situated ...
Vesalius, Andreas - (WESALIUS.) The reorganizer of the study of anatomy ; b. at Brussels, 31 Dec., 1514; d. in a ...
Vespasian - (TITUS FLAVIUS VESPASIANUS). Roman Emperor, b. at Reate (now Rieti ), the ancient capital of ...
Vespasiano da Bisticci - ( Or FIORENTINO.) Florentine humanist and librarian, b. in 1421; d. in 1498. He was ...
Vespers - This subject will be treated under the following headings: I. Vespers in the sixth century; II. ...
Vespers, Music of - The texts (e.g. antiphons, psalms, hymn ) sung in Vespers vary according to the feast or the ...
Vespers, Sicilian - The traditional name given to the insurrection which broke out at Palermo on Easter Tuesday, 31 ...
Vespucci, Amerigo - A famous Italian navigator, born at Florence, 9 March, 1451; died at Seville, 22 February, 1512. ...
Vessels, Altar - The chalice is the cup in which the wine and water of the Eucharistic Sacrifice is contained. ...
Vestibule (in Architecture) - A hall projecting in front of the façade of a church, found from the fifth century both ...
Vestments - IN WESTERN EUROPE By liturgical vestments are meant the vestments that, according to the rules ...
Veszprém - (VESPRIMIENSIS.) Diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Gran, one of the sees founded about 1009 by ...
Veto, The Royal - (In the appointment of Bishops in Ireland and England.) Although the penal laws enacted ...
Vetter, Conrad - Preacher and polemical writer, b. at Engen in the present Grand Duchy of Baden, 1547; d. at ...
Veuillot, Louis - Journalist and writer, b. at Boynes, Loiret, 11 Oct., 1813; d. in Paris, 7 April, 1883. He was ...
Vexiö, Ancient See of - (WEPIONENSIS.) The Ancient See of Vexiö, in Sweden, comprised the County of Kronoberg ...
Vexilla Regis Prodeunt - This "world-famous hymn, one of the grandest in the treasury of the Latin Church " (Neale), and ...
Vezzosi, Antonio Francesco - Member of the Theatine Congregation and biographical writer, born at Arezzo, Italy, 4 October, ...
Via Crucis - (Also called Stations of the Cross, Via Crucis, and Via Dolorosa). These names are used to signify ...
Via Dolorosa - (Also called Stations of the Cross, Via Crucis, and Via Dolorosa). These names are used to signify ...
Viader, José - Born at Gallimes, Catalonia, 27 August, 1765. He received the habit of St. Francis at Barcelona ...
Vianney, Saint Jean-Baptiste-Marie - Curé of Ars, born at Dardilly, near Lyons, France, on 8 May, 1786; died at Ars, 4 ...
Viaticum - Name Among the ancient Greeks the custom prevailed of giving a supper to those setting out on a ...
Viator, Clerics of Saint - St. Viator, lector of the cathedral at Lyons, France, lived in the fourth century and is the ...
Viborg, Ancient See of - (VIBERGAE, VIBERGENSIS.) The ancient See of Viborg, in Denmark, comprised the Province of ...
Vicar - ( Latin vicarius , from vice , "instead of") In canon law, the representative of a person ...
Vicar Apostolic - (1) In the early ages of the Church, the popes committed to some residentiary bishops the ...
Vicar Capitular - The administrator of a vacant diocese, elected by a cathedral chapter. On the death of a ...
Vicar of Christ - (Latin Vicarius Christi ). A title of the pope implying his supreme and universal ...
Vicar-General - The highest official of a diocese after the ordinary. He is a cleric legitimately deputed to ...
Vicari, Hermann von - Archbishop of Freiburg in Baden, b. at Aulendorf in Wurtemberg, 13 May, 1773; d. at Freiburg, ...
Vicariate Apostolic (Updated List) - The following is an account of the newly-erected vicariates Apostolic and of those changed so ...
Vice - ( Latin vitium , any sort of defect) is here regarded as a habit inclining one to sin. It is ...
Vicelinus, Saint - Bishop of Oldenburg, apostle of Holstein, b. at Hameln about 1086; d. 12 Dec., 1154. Orphaned ...
Vicente, Gil - Portuguese dramatist, b. about 1470; he was living in 1536. He took up the study of law but ...
Vicenza, Diocese of - (VICENTINA). The city is the capital of a province in Venetia (Northern Italy ). The ...
Vich, Diocese of - (Vicensis, Ausonensis). Suffragan of Tarragona, bounded on the north by Gerona, on the east ...
Vico, Francescoe de - Astronomer, b. at Macerata, States of the Church, 19 May, 1805; d. at London, England, 15 Nov., ...
Victimae Paschali Laudes Immolent Christiani - The first stanza of the Easter sequence. Medieval missals placed it on various days within the ...
Victor - Bishop of Tunnunum (Tonnenna, Tunnuna) in Northern Africa and zealous supporter of the Three ...
Victor I, Pope Saint - (189-198 or 199), date of birth unknown. The "Liber Pontificalis" makes him a native of Africa ...
Victor II, Pope - (GEBHARD, COUNT OF CALW, TOLLENSTEIN, AND HIRSCHBERG.) Born about 1018; died at Arezzo, 28 ...
Victor III, Pope Blessed - (DAUFERIUS or DAUFAR). Born in 1026 or 1027 of a non-regnant branch of the Lombard dukes of ...
Victor IV - Two antipopes of this name. I. Cardinal Gregory Conti, elected in opposition to Innocent II ...
Victor of Capua - A sixth-century bishop about whose life nothing is known except what is found in his epitaph ...
Victor Vitensis - An African bishop of the Province of Byzacena (called VITENSIS from his See of Vita), b. ...
Victoria - (VICTORIEN. IN INS. VANCOUVER.) Diocese in southwestern British Columbia, of which province it ...
Victoria Nyanza, Northern - The Mission of Victoria Nyanza, founded in 1878 by the White Fathers of Cardinal Lavigerie, was ...
Victoria Nyanza, Southern - Vicariate apostolic erected from the mission of Nyanza, 13 June, 1894, lies north of the ...
Victorinus, Caius Marius - (Called also VICTORINUS MARIUS, or MARIUS FABIUS VICTORINUS, and frequently referred to as ...
Victorinus, Saint - An ecclesiastical writer who flourished about 270, and who suffered martyrdom probably in 303, ...
Vida, Marco Girolamo - Italian Humanist, b. at Cremona about 1490; d. in 1566. He came to Rome under Julius II ; a ...
Vieira, Antonio - Missionary, diplomat, orator, b. at Lisbon, 6 February, 1608; d. at Bahia, Brazil, 18 July, 1697. ...
Viel, Nicholas - Died 1625, the first victim of apostolic zeal on the shores of the St. Lawrence. After ...
Vienna - Vienna -- the capital of Austria-Hungary, the residence of the emperor, and the seat of a Latin ...
Vienna, University of - Foundation of the University Next to the University of Prague that of Vienna is the oldest ...
Vienne, Council of - Pope Clement V, by the Bull "Regnans in coelis" of 12 Aug., 1308, called a general council to ...
Vierthaler, Franz Michael - A distinguished Austrian pedagogue, b. at Mauerkirchen, Upper Austria, 25 September, 1758; d. ...
Vieta, François - (VIÈTE.) Father of modern algebra, b. at Fontenay-le-Comte (Poitou), 1540; d. in ...
Viger, Denis-Benjamin - French-Canadian statesman and writer, b. at Montreal, 19 Aug., 1774; d. 1861. After studying ...
Viger, Jacques - French-Canadian antiquarian and archaeologist, b. at Montreal, 7 May, 1787; d. 12 Dec., 1858. ...
Vigevano - (VIGLEVANENSIS.) Diocese in Lombardy, Province of Pavia. The city is a great agricultural ...
Vigilius - Bishop of Tapsus, in the African Province of Byzacena. Mentioned in the "Notitia" appended to ...
Vigilius, Pope - Reigned 537-55, date of birth unknown; died at Syracuse, 7 June 555. He belonged to a ...
Vigilius, Saint - Bishop of Trent, martyr, patron of Trent and of Tyrol, b. c. 353; d. 26 June, 405; feast 26 ...
Vignola, Giacomo Barozzi da - A theoretical and practical architect of the Transition Period between the Renaissance and ...
Vigor, Simon - French bishop and controversialist, b. at Evreux, Normandy, about 1515; d. at Carcassonne, 1 ...
Vikings - The Scandinavians who, in the ninth and tenth centuries, first ravaged the coasts of Western ...
Villalpandus, Juan Bautista - Born at Cordova, Spain, in 1552; entered the Society of Jesus in 1575; died on 22 May, 1608. His ...
Villani, Giovanni - Florentine historian, b. about 1276; d. of the plague in 1348. Descended from a wealthy family ...
Villanovanus, Arnaldus - (ARNALDUS OF VILLANUEVA, or VILLENEUVE, or BACHUONE). Celebrated in his day as a physician, ...
Villefranche, Jacques-Melchior - Publicist, b. at Couzon-sur-Saone, 17 Dec., 1829; d. at Bourg, 10 May, 1904. After excellent ...
Villehardouin, Geoffroi de - Maréchal de Champagne, warrior, and first historian in the French language, b. about 1150; ...
Villeneuve-Barcement, Jean-Paul-Alban - Vicomte de, b. at Saint-Auban, Var, 8 Aug., 1784; d. at Paris, 8 June, 1850. After having taken ...
Villermé, Louis-René - French economist, b. at Paris, 10 March, 1782; d. there, 16 Nov., 1863. He was devoted to ...
Villers, Cistercian Abbey of - Situated on the confines of Villers and Tilly, Duchy of Brabant, present Diocese of Namur ...
Vilna - (VILENSIS). Vilna, the capital of Lithuania, is situated at the junction of the Rivers ...
Vincent de Paul, Saint - Born at Pouy, Gascony, France, in 1580, though some authorities have said 1576; died at Paris, ...
Vincent de Paul, Sisters of Charity of Saint - A congregation of women with simple vows, founded in 1633 and devoted to corporal and ...
Vincent de Paul, Sisters of Charity of Saint (New York) - (Motherhouse at Mt. St. Vincent-on Hudson, New York; not to be confused with the Sisters of ...
Vincent de Paul, Society of Saint - An international association of Catholic laymen engaging systematically in personal service of ...
Vincent Ferrer, Saint - Famous Dominican missionary, born at Valencia, 23 January, 1350; died at Vannes, Brittany, 5 ...
Vincent Kadlubek, Blessed - (KADLUBO, KADLUBKO). Bishop of Cracow, chronicler, b. at Karnow, Duchy of Sandomir, Poland, ...
Vincent of Beauvais - Priest and encyclopedist. Little is known of his personal history. The years of his birth and ...
Vincent of Lérins, Saint - Feast on 24 May, an ecclesiastical writer in Southern Gaul in the fifth century. His work is ...
Vincent, Saint - (MALDEGARIUS). Founder and abbot of the monasteries of Hautmont and Soignies, b. of a noble ...
Vincent, Saint - Deacon of Saragossa, and martyr under Diocletian, 304; mentioned in the Roman Martyrology, 22 ...
Vincentians - A congregation of secular priests with religious vows founded by St. Vincent de Paul. The ...
Vincenzo de Vit - Latinist, b. at Mestrina, near Padua, 10 July, 1810; d. at Domo d'Ossola, 17 Aug., 1892. He made ...
Vinci, Leonardo di Ser Piero da - (LEONARDO DI SER PIERO DA VINCI) Florentine painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and ...
Vindicianus, Saint - Bishop of Cambrai - Arras, b. if tradition is to be believed, perhaps at Beaulaincourt, near ...
Vineam Domini - An Apostolic Constitution issued by Clement XI against the Jansenists on 16 July, 1705. It ...
Violence - Violence ( Latin vis ), an impulse from without tending to force one without any concurrence on ...
Viotti, Giovanni Battista - Founder of the modern school of violinist, b. at Fontanetto, Piedmont, 23 May, 173; d. 3 ...
Viraggio, Jacopo di - ( Also DI VIRAGGIO). Archbishop of Genoa and medieval hagiologist, born at Viraggio (now ...
Virgilius, Saint - (VIRGILE). Archbishop of Arles, died c. 610. According to a life written in the eighth ...
Virgin Birth of Christ - The dogma which teaches that the Blessed Mother of Jesus Christ was a virgin before, during, ...
Virgin Mary, Devotion to the - Down to the Council of Nicaea Devotion to Our Blessed Lady in its ultimate analysis must be ...
Virgin Mary, Name of - The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God. The Hebrew ...
Virgin Mary, The - The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God. In general, the ...
Virginia - Surnamed "The Old Dominion", "The Mother of States and of Statesmen", one of the thirteen original ...
Virginity - Morally, virginity signifies the reverence for bodily integrity which is suggested by a virtuous ...
Virtue - The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Definitions; II. Subjects; III. ...
Virtue, Heroic - The notion of heroicity is derived from hero, originally a warrior, a demigod; hence it connotes a ...
Vischer, Peter - Sculptor and metal founder, b. at Nuremberg about 1460; d. in 1529. His father Hermann, who ...
Visdelou, Claude de - Born at the Château de Bienassis, Pléneuf, Brittany, 122 Aug., 1656; died at ...
Visigoths - One of the two principal branches of the Goths. Until 375 their history is combined with that of ...
Visions - This article will deal not with natural but with supernatural visions, that is, visions due to ...
Visit ad Limina - (Sc. Apostolorum ) The visit ad limina means, technically, the obligation incumbent on ...
Visitation Convent, Georgetown - Located in the District of Columbia , United States of America . This convent was founded by ...
Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary - I. THE EVENT Assuming that the Annunciation and the Incarnation took place about the vernal ...
Visitation Order - The nuns of the Visitation of Mary, called also Filles de Sainte-Marie, Visitandines, and ...
Visitation, Canonical - The act of an ecclesiastical superior who in the discharge of his office visits persons or ...
Visitors Apostolic - Officials whom canonists commonly class with papal legates. Visitors differ from other Apostolic ...
Visits to the Blessed Sacrament - By this devotional practice, which is of comparatively modern development, the presence of ...
Vitalian, Pope Saint - (Reigned 657-72). Date of birth unknown; d. 27 January, 672. Nothing is known of Vitalian's ...
Vitalini, Bonifazio - (DE VITALINIS). Jurist, b. at Mantua, Italy, about 1320; d. at Avignon after 1388. After ...
Vitalis and Agricola, Saints - Martyred at Bologna about 304 during Diocletian's persecution. Agricola, who was beloved for ...
Vitalis of Savigny, Saint - Founder of the monastery and Congregation of Savigny (1112), b. at Tierceville near Bayeaux ...
Vitalis, Saint - Martyr. His legend, which is of little historical value, relates that he was martyred by order ...
Vitelleschi, Muzio - Born at Rome 2 Dec., 1563; died there 9 Feb., 1645. He belonged to a distinguished family but ...
Vitellius, Lucius - Proclaimed Roman Emperor by the soldiers at Cologne during the civil war of A.D. 69; d. at Rome, ...
Vitensis, Victor - An African bishop of the Province of Byzacena (called VITENSIS from his See of Vita), b. ...
Viterbo and Toscanella - (VITERBIENSIS ET TUSCANENSIS). The city of Viterbo in the Province of Rome stands at the foot ...
Vitoria - (VICTORIENSIS). Diocese ; suffragan of Burgos, in Spain, bounded on the north by the Bay of ...
Vittorino da Feltre - (VITTORINO DE' RAMBALDONI). Humanist educator, b. at Feltre, 1397; d. at Mantua, 1446. He was ...
Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia, Saints - According to the legend, martyrs under Diocletian ; feast, 15 June. The earliest testimony for ...
Viva, Domenico - Writer, b. at Lecce, 19 Oct., 1648; d. 5 July, 1726. He entered the Society of Jesus 12 May, ...
Vivarini - A family of Italian painters. Alvise Vivarini Born in 1446 or 1447; died in 1502. He was the ...
Vives, Juan Luis - Spanish humanist and philosopher, b. at Valencia, 6 March, 1492; d. at Bruges, 6 May, 1540. ...
Viviers - (VIVARIUM). Diocese ; includes the Department of Ardèche, France. It was suppressed ...
Vivisection - Defined literally the word vivisection signifies the dissection of living creatures; ordinarily it ...
Vizagapatam, Diocese of - Located in the east of India, suffragan to Madras. It is bounded on the north by the River ...
Vizeu - (VISENSIS). Diocese in north central Portugal. The bishopric dates from the sixth century and ...
Vladimir the Great, Saint - (VLADIMIR or VOLODOMIR). Grand Duke of Kieff and All Russia, grandson of St. Olga, and the ...
Vocation, Ecclesiastical and Religious - An ecclesiastical or religious vocation is the special gift of those who, in the Church of God, ...
Vogüé, Eugène-Melchior, Vicomte de - Critic, novelist, and historian, born at Nice, 25 February, 1848; died in Paris, 24 February, ...
Vogler, George Joseph - Theorist, composer and organist, b. at Würzburg, 15 June 1749, d. at Darmstadt, 6 May, ...
Volk, Wilhelm - (Pseudonym, LUDWIG CLARUS). Born at Halberstadt 25 Jan., 1804; died at Erfurt 17 March, 1869. ...
Volksverein - (PEOPLE'S UNION) FOR CATHOLIC GERMANY. A large and important organization of German Catholics ...
Volta, Alessandro - Physicist, b. at Como, 18 Feb., 1745; d. there, 5 March, 1827. As his parents were not in ...
Volterra - (VOLTARRANENSIS). Diocese in Tuscany. The city stands on a rocky mountain 1770 feet above the ...
Volterra, Daniele da - (RICCIARELLI). Italian painter, b. at Volterra, 1509; d. in Rome, 1566. Ricciarelli was called ...
Voluntarism - Voluntarism ( Latin voluntas , will) in the modern metaphysical sense is a theory which ...
Voluntary - Wilful, proceeding from the will. It is requisite that the thing be an effect of the will ...
Voluntary Association, Right of - I. LEGAL RIGHT A voluntary association means any group of individuals freely united for the ...
Von Gagern, Max, Freiherr - Born at Weilburg (in Nassau), Germany, 25 March, 1810; died at Vienna, 17 October, 1889. He was ...
Vondel, Joost van Den - Netherland poet and convert, b. at Cologne, 17 Nov., 1587, of parents whose residence was ...
Voragine, Jacopo de - ( Also DI VIRAGGIO). Archbishop of Genoa and medieval hagiologist, born at Viraggio (now ...
Votive Mass - ( Missa votiva ) A Mass offered for a votum , a special intention. So we frequently find ...
Votive Offerings - The general name given to those things vowed or dedicated to God, or a saint, and in ...
Votive Offices - A votive office is one not entered in the general calendar, but adopted with a view to satisfying ...
Vows - I. GENERAL VIEW A vow is defined as a promise made to God. The promise is binding, and so differs ...
Vrau, Philibert - "The holy man of Lille ", organizer of numerous Catholic activities; b. at Lille, 19 Nov., ...
Vrie, Theodoric - Historian of the Council of Constance . He describes himself as a brother of the Order of ...
Vulgate, Revision of - In the spring of 1907 the public press announced that Pius X had determined to begin preparations ...

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