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The List of Popes

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  • St. Peter (32-67)
  • St. Linus (67-76)
  • St. Anacletus (Cletus) (76-88)
  • St. Clement I (88-97)
  • St. Evaristus (97-105)
  • St. Alexander I (105-115)
  • St. Sixtus I (115-125) -- also called Xystus I
  • St. Telesphorus (125-136)
  • St. Hyginus (136-140)
  • St. Pius I (140-155)
  • St. Anicetus (155-166)
  • St. Soter (166-175)
  • St. Eleutherius (175-189)
  • St. Victor I (189-199)
  • St. Zephyrinus (199-217)
  • St. Callistus I (217-22)
  • St. Urban I (222-30)
  • St. Pontain (230-35)
  • St. Anterus (235-36)
  • St. Fabian (236-50)
  • St. Cornelius (251-53)
  • St. Lucius I (253-54)
  • St. Stephen I (254-257)
  • St. Sixtus II (257-258)
  • St. Dionysius (260-268)
  • St. Felix I (269-274)
  • St. Eutychian (275-283)
  • St. Caius (283-296) -- also called Gaius
  • St. Marcellinus (296-304)
  • St. Marcellus I (308-309)
  • St. Eusebius (309 or 310)
  • St. Miltiades (311-14)
  • St. Sylvester I (314-35)
  • St. Marcus (336)
  • St. Julius I (337-52)
  • Liberius (352-66)
  • St. Damasus I (366-83)
  • St. Siricius (384-99)
  • St. Anastasius I (399-401)
  • St. Innocent I (401-17)
  • St. Zosimus (417-18)
  • St. Boniface I (418-22)
  • St. Celestine I (422-32)
  • St. Sixtus III (432-40)
  • St. Leo I (the Great) (440-61)
  • St. Hilarius (461-68)
  • St. Simplicius (468-83)
  • St. Felix III (II) (483-92)
  • St. Gelasius I (492-96)
  • Anastasius II (496-98)
  • St. Symmachus (498-514)
  • St. Hormisdas (514-23)
  • St. John I (523-26)
  • St. Felix IV (III) (526-30)
  • Boniface II (530-32)
  • John II (533-35)
  • St. Agapetus I (535-36) -- also called Agapitus I
  • St. Silverius (536-37)
  • Vigilius (537-55)
  • Pelagius I (556-61)
  • John III (561-74)
  • Benedict I (575-79)
  • Pelagius II (579-90)
  • St. Gregory I (the Great) (590-604)
  • Sabinian (604-606)
  • Boniface III (607)
  • St. Boniface IV (608-15)
  • St. Deusdedit (Adeodatus I) (615-18)
  • Boniface V (619-25)
  • Honorius I (625-38)
  • Severinus (640)
  • John IV (640-42)
  • Theodore I (642-49)
  • St. Martin I (649-55)
  • St. Eugene I (655-57)
  • St. Vitalian (657-72)
  • Adeodatus (II) (672-76)
  • Donus (676-78)
  • St. Agatho (678-81)
  • St. Leo II (682-83)
  • St. Benedict II (684-85)
  • John V (685-86)
  • Conon (686-87)
  • St. Sergius I (687-701)
  • John VI (701-05)
  • John VII (705-07)
  • Sisinnius (708)
  • Constantine (708-15)
  • St. Gregory II (715-31)
  • St. Gregory III (731-41)
  • St. Zachary (741-52)
  • Stephen II (752) -- Because he died before being consecrated, some lists (including the Vatican's official list) omit him.
  • Stephen III (752-57)
  • St. Paul I (757-67)
  • Stephen IV (767-72)
  • Adrian I (772-95)
  • St. Leo III (795-816)
  • Stephen V (816-17)
  • St. Paschal I (817-24)
  • Eugene II (824-27)
  • Valentine (827)
  • Gregory IV (827-44)
  • Sergius II (844-47)
  • St. Leo IV (847-55)
  • Benedict III (855-58)
  • St. Nicholas I (the Great) (858-67)
  • Adrian II (867-72)
  • John VIII (872-82)
  • Marinus I (882-84)
  • St. Adrian III (884-85)
  • Stephen VI (885-91)
  • Formosus (891-96)
  • Boniface VI (896)
  • Stephen VII (896-97)
  • Romanus (897)
  • Theodore II (897)
  • John IX (898-900)
  • Benedict IV (900-03)
  • Leo V (903)
  • Sergius III (904-11)
  • Anastasius III (911-13)
  • Lando (913-14)
  • John X (914-28)
  • Leo VI (928)
  • Stephen VIII (929-31)
  • John XI (931-35)
  • Leo VII (936-39)
  • Stephen IX (939-42)
  • Marinus II (942-46)
  • Agapetus II (946-55)
  • John XII (955-63)
  • Leo VIII (963-64)
  • Benedict V (964)
  • John XIII (965-72)
  • Benedict VI (973-74)
  • Benedict VII (974-83)
  • John XIV (983-84)
  • John XV (985-96)
  • Gregory V (996-99)
  • Sylvester II (999-1003)
  • John XVII (1003)
  • John XVIII (1003-09)
  • Sergius IV (1009-12)
  • Benedict VIII (1012-24)
  • John XIX (1024-32)
  • Benedict IX (1032-45) Benedict IX appears on this list three separate times, because he was twice removed and restored (see below)
  • Sylvester III (1045) -- Considered by some to be an antipope
  • Benedict IX (1045)
  • Gregory VI (1045-46)
  • Clement II (1046-47)
  • Benedict IX (1047-48)
  • Damasus II (1048)
  • St. Leo IX (1049-54)
  • Victor II (1055-57)
  • Stephen X (1057-58)
  • Nicholas II (1058-61)
  • Alexander II (1061-73)
  • St. Gregory VII (1073-85)
  • Blessed Victor III (1086-87)
  • Blessed Urban II (1088-99)
  • Paschal II (1099-1118)
  • Gelasius II (1118-19)
  • Callistus II (1119-24)
  • Honorius II (1124-30)
  • Innocent II (1130-43)
  • Celestine II (1143-44)
  • Lucius II (1144-45)
  • Blessed Eugene III (1145-53)
  • Anastasius IV (1153-54)
  • Adrian IV (1154-59)
  • Alexander III (1159-81)
  • Lucius III (1181-85)
  • Urban III (1185-87)
  • Gregory VIII (1187)
  • Clement III (1187-91)
  • Celestine III (1191-98)
  • Innocent III (1198-1216)
  • Honorius III (1216-27)
  • Gregory IX (1227-41)
  • Celestine IV (1241)
  • Innocent IV (1243-54)
  • Alexander IV (1254-61)
  • Urban IV (1261-64)
  • Clement IV (1265-68)
  • Blessed Gregory X (1271-76)
  • Blessed Innocent V (1276)
  • Adrian V (1276)
  • John XXI (1276-77)
  • Nicholas III (1277-80)
  • Martin IV (1281-85)
  • Honorius IV (1285-87)
  • Nicholas IV (1288-92)
  • St. Celestine V (1294)
  • Boniface VIII (1294-1303)
  • Blessed Benedict XI (1303-04)
  • Clement V (1305-14)
  • John XXII (1316-34)
  • Benedict XII (1334-42)
  • Clement VI (1342-52)
  • Innocent VI (1352-62)
  • Blessed Urban V (1362-70)
  • Gregory XI (1370-78)
  • Urban VI (1378-89)
  • Boniface IX (1389-1404)
  • Innocent VII (1404-06)
  • Gregory XII (1406-15)
  • Martin V (1417-31)
  • Eugene IV (1431-47)
  • Nicholas V (1447-55)
  • Callistus III (1455-58)
  • Pius II (1458-64)
  • Paul II (1464-71)
  • Sixtus IV (1471-84)
  • Innocent VIII (1484-92)
  • Alexander VI (1492-1503)
  • Pius III (1503)
  • Julius II (1503-13)
  • Leo X (1513-21)
  • Adrian VI (1522-23)
  • Clement VII (1523-34)
  • Paul III (1534-49)
  • Julius III (1550-55)
  • Marcellus II (1555)
  • Paul IV (1555-59)
  • Pius IV (1559-65)
  • St. Pius V (1566-72)
  • Gregory XIII (1572-85)
  • Sixtus V (1585-90)
  • Urban VII (1590)
  • Gregory XIV (1590-91)
  • Innocent IX (1591)
  • Clement VIII (1592-1605)
  • Leo XI (1605)
  • Paul V (1605-21)
  • Gregory XV (1621-23)
  • Urban VIII (1623-44)
  • Innocent X (1644-55)
  • Alexander VII (1655-67)
  • Clement IX (1667-69)
  • Clement X (1670-76)
  • Blessed Innocent XI (1676-89)
  • Alexander VIII (1689-91)
  • Innocent XII (1691-1700)
  • Clement XI (1700-21)
  • Innocent XIII (1721-24)
  • Benedict XIII (1724-30)
  • Clement XII (1730-40)
  • Benedict XIV (1740-58)
  • Clement XIII (1758-69)
  • Clement XIV (1769-74)
  • Pius VI (1775-99)
  • Pius VII (1800-23)
  • Leo XII (1823-29)
  • Pius VIII (1829-30)
  • Gregory XVI (1831-46)
  • Blessed Pius IX (1846-78)
  • Leo XIII (1878-1903)
  • St. Pius X (1903-14)
  • Benedict XV (1914-22)
  • Pius XI (1922-39)
  • Pius XII (1939-58)
  • Blessed John XXIII (1958-63)
  • Paul VI (1963-78)
  • John Paul I (1978)
  • John Paul II (1978-2005)
  • Benedict XVI (2005—)
  • More Volume: T 528

    Filter 528 entries by typing in the 'Search' box below. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.


    Taenarum (Greece)

    Tænarum, a titular see in Greece, suffragan of Corinth. Tænarum, or Tænarus, ...
    Téllez, Gabriel

    Gabriel Tellez

    Spanish priest and poet, better known by his pseudonym of Tirso de Molina, b. at Madrid, c. ...
    Tübingen, University of

    University of Tubingen

    Located in Würtemberg ; founded by Count Eberhard im Bart on 3 July, 1477, after Pope ...

    Tabae (Caria)

    Titular see in Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis ; according to Strabo (XII, 570, 576) it was ...

    Tabasco (Mexico)

    (TABASQUENSIS) Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of the Archbishopric of ...
    Tabb, John Bannister

    John Bannister Tabb

    An American poet and educator, born at "The Forest" near Richmond, 1845; died at Ellicott City, ...


    A titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage. Tabbora or Talbora has been ...


    (TABERNACULUM). Tabernacle signified in the Middle Ages sometimes a ciborium-altar, a ...


    (Latin tabernaculum , tent). Tabernacle in Biblical parlance usually designates the ...
    Tabernacle Lamp

    Altar Lamp

    In the Old Testament God commanded that a lamp filled with the purest oil of olives should ...
    Tabernacle Societies

    Tabernacle Societies

    The Association of Perpetual Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and of work for poor churches ...
    Tabernacle Society

    Tabernacle Society

    Notre Dame Convent, Philadelphia; a society of persons affiliated with the Association of ...
    Tabernacles, Feast of

    Feast of Tabernacles

    One of the three great feasts of the Hebrew liturgical calendar, even the greatest, according ...
    Tabor, Mount

    Mount Thabor

    The name of Mount Thabor, , is rendered in the Septuagint as , and in Jeremias and Osee ...
    Tacana Indians

    Tacana Indians

    The collective designation for a group of tribes constituting the Tacanan linguistic stock in ...


    Titular see of Tripolitana in northern Africa. The official list of titular sees of the ...
    Taché, Alexandre-Antonin

    Alexandre-Antonin Tache

    First Archbishop of St. Boniface, Manitoba, missionary, prelate, statesman, and writer of ...
    Taché, Etienne-Pascal

    Etienne-Pascal Tache

    Statesman, b. at St. Thomas (Montmagny, Province of Quebec ), 5 Sept., 1795, son of Charles, and ...


    A titular see in Mauretania Cæsariensis, of which nothing, is known. Its bishop David is ...
    Taensa Indians

    Taensa Indians

    A tribe of Muskhogean stock and somewhat superior culture, living when first known on the west ...


    Tahiti, the most important of the Society Islands, has an area of 600 square miles and a ...
    Taigi, Ven. Anna Maria

    Ven. Anna Maria Taigi

    ( Maiden name Giannetti.) Venerable Servant of God, born at Siena, Italy, 29 May, 1769; ...
    Tait Indians

    Tait Indians

    ( Te-it , "Those up river"). A collective term for those members of the Cowichan tribe, of ...


    (More proper Takhehi, plural Takhehlne). The hybrid name by which the Carrier Indians of the ...
    Talbot, James

    James Talbot

    Fourth son of George Talbot and brother of the fourteenth Earl of Shrewsbury (b. 1726; d. ...
    Talbot, John

    John Talbot

    English Catholic layman, b. 1535(?); d. 1607(?). Only son and heir of Sir John Talbot, of ...
    Talbot, Peter

    Peter Talbot

    Archbishop of Dublin, 1669-1680; b. at Malahide, Dublin, in 1620. At an early age he entered ...
    Talbot, Thomas Joseph

    Thomas Talbot

    Born 14 February, 1727; died at Hotwells, near Bristol, 24 April, 1795. Brother of the fourteenth ...
    Tallagaht, Monastery of

    Monastery of Tallagaht

    The name Tallaght (Irish Tamlachta ), derived from tam , plague, and lecht , stone ...
    Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles-Maurice de

    Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord

    Prince of Benevento, Bishop of Autun, French minister and ambassador, born in Paris, 13 ...
    Tallis, Thomas

    Thomas Tallis

    English composer, born about 1514; died 23 November, 1585. He was a chorister at Saint ...


    1. DEFINITION Talmud was a post-Biblical substantive formation of Pi'el ("to teach"), and ...
    Talon, Jean

    Jean Talon

    First intendant in exercise of New France , b. at Châlons-sur-Marne, 1625, of Philippe ...
    Talon, Nicolas

    Nicolas Talon

    French Jesuit, historian, and ascetical writer, b. at Moulins, 31 August, 1605; d. at Paris, 29 ...
    Talon, Pierre

    Pierre Talon

    A French-Canadian explorer, b. at Quebec, 1676, of Lucien and Isabelle Planteau; d. in France ...
    Tamanac Indians

    Tamanac Indians

    A formerly important tribe of Cariban linguistic stock occupying the territory about the Cuchivero ...

    Tamassus (Cyprus)

    A titular see in Cyprus, suffragan of Salamis, was situated in the great central plain of the ...


    (CIVTTATIS VICTORIÆ SIVE TAMAULIPENSIS) Diocese in the Mexican Republic, suffragan of ...
    Tamburini, Michelangelo

    Michelangelo Tamburini

    Fourteenth General of the Society of Jesus , born at Modena, 27 Sept., 1648; died 28 Feb., ...
    Tamburini, Thomas

    Thomas Tamburini

    Moral theologian, born at Caltanisetta in Sicily, 6 March, 1591; died at Palermo 10 October, ...


    ("ALTHOUGH") The first word of Chapter 1, Session 24 ( De Ref. Matr. ), of the Council of ...
    Tamisier, Marie-Marthe-Baptistine

    Marie-Marthe-Baptistine Tamisier

    (Called by her intimates EMILIA) Initiator of international Eucharistic congresses, born at ...

    Tanagra (Hellas)

    A titular see in Hellas, suffragan of Corinth ; it was a town of Bœotia, in a fertile ...

    Tancred, Prince of Antioch

    Prince of Antioch, born about 1072; died at Antioch, 12 Dec., 1112. He was the son of Marquess ...
    Taney, Roger Brooke

    Roger Brooke Taney

    (Pronounced Tawney ) Fifth chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, ...
    Tanguay, Cyprien

    Cyprien Tanguay

    Genealogist, born at Quebec, 1819; died 1902. After a course of classics and theology at Quebec ...


    A titular see, suffragan of Pelusium in Augustamnica Prima, capital of the fourteenth district ...
    Tanner, Adam

    Adam Tanner

    Controversialist, born at Innsbruck in 1571; died at Unken, 25 May, 1632. He entered the Society ...
    Tanner, Conrad

    Conrad Tanner

    Abbot of Einsiedeln, born at Arth in the Canton of Schwyz, 28 Dec., 1752; died 7 April, 1825. He ...
    Tanner, Edmund

    Edmund Tanner

    Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, Ireland, 1574-1579; born about 1526; died 1579. The statement in ...
    Tanner, Matthias

    Matthias Tanner

    Born at Pilsen in Bohemia, 28 Feb., 1630; died at Prague, 8 Feb., 1692. He entered the Society ...
    Tantum Ergo

    Tantum Ergo

    The opening words of the penultimate stanza of the Vesper hymn (see PANGE LINGUA GLORIOSI, II) ...
    Tanucci, Bernardo

    Bernardo Tanucci

    Marchese, Italian statesman, born at Stia in Tuscany, of poor family, in 1698 died at Naples, 29 ...


    (TAO-KIAO.) Taoism is the second of the three state religions ( San-kiao ) of China. ...
    Taos Pueblo

    Taos Pueblo

    An important town of the Pueblo group, inhabited by Indians speaking the Tigua language of ...
    Taparelli, Aloysius

    Aloysius Taparelli

    (D'AZEGLIO, christened PROSPERO) Philosopher and writer on sociological subjects, born at ...


    A word of French origin naming a fabric in which the two processes of weaving and embroidering ...
    Tapis, Esteban

    Esteban Tapis

    Born at Santa Coloma de Farnes, Catalonia, Spain, 25 Aug., 1754; died 3 Nov., 1825. He entered ...
    Tarabotti, Helena

    Helena Tarabotti

    Nun and authoress, b. at Venice, 1605; d. there 1652. Obliged by her father, who was descended ...
    Tarachus, Probus, and Andronicus, Saints

    Sts. Tarachus, Probus, and Andronicus

    Martyrs of the Diocletian persecution (about 304). The "Martyrologium Hieronymian." contains the ...


    DIOCESE OF TARANTO (TARENTINA) Diocese in southern Italy, on a bay in the Gulf of Taranto. The ...


    VICARIATE APOSTOLIC OF TARAPACA (DE TARAPACA). Situated in Chile, bounded on the north by the ...
    Tarasius, Saint

    St. Tarasius

    Patriarch of Constantinople, date of birth unknown; died 25 February, 806. He was the son of the ...


    DIOCESE OF TARAZONA (TURIASONENSIS) The Diocese of Tarazona comprises the Spanish provinces of ...


    DIOCESE OF TARBES (TARBIA) The Diocese of Tarbes comprises the Department of the ...


    (TARANTASIENSIS) Tarentaise comprises the arrondissement of Moutiers in the Department of ...


    Targum is the distinctive designation of the Aramaic translations or paraphrases of the Old ...
    Tarisel, Pierre

    Pierre Tarisel

    Master-mason to the king, b. about 1442; d. in August, 1510. (In 1555 the title of architect was ...
    Tarkin, Saint

    St. Tarkin

    (Talarican.) Bishop of Sodor (including the western islands of Scotland ), was probably of ...


    DIOCESE OF TARNOW (TARNOVIENSIS). Diocese in western Galicia, Austria. The See of Posen, ...
    Tarquini, Camillus

    Camillus Tarquini

    Cardinal, Jesuit canonist and archaeologist, b. at Marta in the diocese of Montefiascone, ...


    ARCHDIOCESE OF TARRAGONA (TARRACONENSIS) Bounded on the north by Barcelona and Lérida, ...
    Tarsicius, Saint

    St. Tarsicius

    Martyr. The only positive information concerning this Roman martyr is found in the poem composed ...


    A metropolitan see of Cilicia Prima. It appears to have been of Semitic origin and is ...
    Tartaglia, Nicolò

    Nicolo Tartaglia

    (T ARTALEA ). Italian mathematician, b. at Brescia, c. 1500; d. at Venice, 13 December, ...
    Tartini, Giuseppe

    Giuseppe Tartini

    Violinist, composer, and theorist, b. at Pirano, Italy, 12 April, 1692; d. at Padua, 16 Feb., ...
    Taschereau, Elzéar-Alexandre

    Elzear-Alexandre Taschereau

    Archbishop of Quebec and first Canadian cardinal, b. 17 February, 1820, at la Beauce, Province ...
    Tassé, Joseph

    Joseph Tasse

    Writer and journalist, born at Montreal, 23 Oct., 1848; died 17 Jan., 1895; son of Joseph, and ...
    Tassach, Saint

    St. Tassach

    Irish saint, born in the first decade of the fifth century; died about 497. He was one of St. ...
    Tassin, René-Prosper

    Rene-Prosper Tassin

    French historian, belonging to the Benedictine Congregation of Saint-Maur, born at Lonlay, in ...
    Tasso, Torquato

    Torquato Tasso

    Italian poet, born at Sorrento near Naples in 1544; died at Rome, in 1595; son of Bernardo ...
    Tassoni, Alessandro

    Alessandro Tassoni

    Italian poet, born at Modena in 1565; died there in 1635. He spent his life in the service of ...


    A second-century apologist about whose antecedents and early history nothing can be affirmed ...
    Tatwin, Saint

    Saint Tatwin

    (TATUINI) Archbishop of Canterbury ; died 30 July, 734. A Mercian by birth, he became a ...


    (DE TAUBATÉ) Diocese in Brazil, South America, established on 29 April, 1908, as a ...
    Tauler, John

    John Tauler

    German Dominican, one of the greatest mystics and preachers of the Middle Ages, born at ...
    Taunton, Ethelred

    Ethelred Taunton

    Writer, born at Rugeley, Staffordshire, England, 17 Oct., 1857; died in London, 9 May, 1907. He ...
    Taverner, John

    John Taverner

    Composer, b. in the County of Norfolk, England, about 1475; d. at Boston, England, 1535 or 1536. ...
    Tavistock Abbey

    Tavistock Abbey

    Tavistock Abbey, on the Tavy River in Devonshire, England, founded for Benedictine monks in ...


    A titular see in Galatia Prima, suffragan of Ancyra. Tavium, or Tavia, was the chief city of ...
    Taxa Innocentiana

    Taxa Innocentiana

    A Decree issued by Innocent XI, 1 Oct., 1678, regulating the fees that may be demanded or ...
    Taxster, John de

    John de Taxster

    (TAYSTER) John de Taxster, sometimes erroneously called Taxter or Taxston, was a ...
    Taylor, Frances Margaret

    Frances Margaret Taylor

    (MOTHER M. MAGDALEN TAYLOR) Superior General, and foundress of the Poor Servants of the Mother ...
    Taylor, Ven. Hugh

    Ven. Hugh Taylor

    English martyr, born at Durham ; hanged, drawn, and quartered at York, 25 (not 26) November, ...
    Te Deum, The

    Te Deum

    An abbreviated title commonly given both to the original Latin text and the translations of a ...
    Te Lucis Ante Terminum

    Te Lucis Ante Terminum

    The hymn at Compline in the Roman Breviary. The authorship of St. Ambrose, for which Pimont ...
    Tebaldeo, Antonio

    Antonio Tebaldeo

    Italian poet, born at Ferrara, in 1463; died in 1537. His family name (Tebaldi) he changed to ...


    Called Tegrinseo in 817, Tegernsee in 754. A celebrated Benedictine abbey of Bavaria that ...


    (Tehuantepecensis) Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Oaxaca. Its area covers ...
    Teilo, Saint

    St. Teilo

    (Eliud.) "Archbishop" of Llandaff, born at Eccluis Gunniau, near Tenby, Pembrokeshire; died at ...
    Tekakwitha, Blessed Kateri

    Bl. Kateri Tekakwitha

    (Also known as Catherine Tegakwitha/Takwita.) Known as the "Lily of the Mohawks", and the ...


    (From Greek telos , end, and logos , science). Teleology is seldom used according to its ...


    ( tele , far, and pathein , to experience) A term introduced by F.W.H. Myers in 1882 to ...


    (TELESINENSIS) Telese, a small town in the Province of Benevento, Southern Italy, is situated ...
    Telesio, Bernardino

    Bernardino Telesio

    Italian humanist and philosopher born of a noble family at Cosenza, near Naples, 1508; died ...
    Telesphorus of Cosenza

    Telesphorus of Cosenza

    (THEOPHORUS, THEOLOPHORUS). A name assumed by one of the pseudo-prophets during the time of ...
    Telesphorus, Pope Saint

    Pope St. Telesphorus

    (Lived about 125-136.) St. Telesphorus was the seventh Roman bishop in succession from the ...
    Tell el-Amarna Tablets, The

    The Tell El-Amarna Tablets

    The Tell el-Amarna Tablets are a collection of some 350 clay tablets found in 1887 amid the ruins ...
    Tellier, Michel Le

    Michel Le Tellier

    Born 19 April, 1603; died at Paris, 30 Oct., 1685. He was commissioned by Cardinal Mazarin to ...


    Titular see in Lycia, suffragan of Myra. Telmessus (or incorrectly Telmissis) was a flourishing ...


    The Vicariate Apostolic of Temiskaming, suffragan of Ottawa, Canada, is bounded on the north by ...


    A titular see in Asia, a suffragan of Ephesus. Temnus was a little town of Æolia, near ...
    Tempel, Wilhelm

    Wilhelm Tempel

    (ERNEST LEBERECHT) German astronomer, b. 4 December, 1821, at (Nieder-) Cunnersdorf near ...


    (Latin temperare , to mingle in due proportions; to qualify). Temperance is here considered ...
    Temperance Movements

    Temperance Movements

    EUROPE Reasons for a temperance movement exist to a greater or less degree in all the countries ...
    Templars, The Knights

    The Knights Templar

    The Knights Templars were the earliest founders of the military orders, and are the type on which ...


    The Latin form, templum , from which the English temple is derived, originally signified an ...
    Temple of Jerusalem

    Temple of Jerusalem

    The word "temple" is derived from the Latin templum , signifying an uncovered place affording a ...
    Temple, Sisters of the

    Sisters of the Temple

    The Sisters of the Temple (whose full title is S ISTERS OF THE F INDING OF J ESUS IN THE T ...


    ( Latin tentare , to try or test). Temptation is here taken to be an incitement to sin ...
    Temptation of Christ

    Temptation of Christ

    In the Catholic translation of the Bible , the word "temptation" is used in various senses, ...
    Ten Commandments, The

    The Ten Commandments

    Called also simply THE COMMANDMENTS, COMMANDMENTS OF GOD, or THE DECALOGUE (Gr. deka , ten, ...
    Ten Thousand Martyrs, The

    The Ten Thousand Martyrs

    On two days is a group of ten thousand martyrs mentioned in the Roman Martyrology. On 18 March: ...
    Tencin, Pierre-Guérin de

    Pierre-Guerin Tencin

    French statesman and cardinal, b. at Grenoble, 22 August, 1680; d. at Lyons, 2 March, 1758. ...


    Tenebræ is the name given to the service of Matins and Lauds belonging to the last three ...
    Tenebrae Hearse

    Tenebrae Hearse

    The Tenebræ Hearse is the triangular candlestick used in the Tenebræ service. The ...


    A titular see, suffragan of Rhodes in the Cyclades. The island, called in Turkish ...


    DIOCESE OF TENERIFFE (TENERIFENSIS). Suffragan of Seville, formerly called Nivariensis from ...
    Teniers, David

    David Teniers

    The name of two eminent Flemish landscape painters ; the elder, born at Antwerp in 1582; ...


    The State of Tennessee lies between 35° and 36°30' N. lat. and 81°37' and 90°38' ...
    Tenney, William Jewett

    William Jewett Tenney

    An author, editor, born at Newport, Rhode Island, 1814; died at Newark, New Jersey, 20 Sept., ...


    (TENTYRA) Seat of a titular suffragan see of Ptolemais in Thebaid Secunda. The city was ...
    Tenure, Ecclesiastical

    Ecclesiastical Tenure

    I. In the feudal system an ecclesiastical fief followed all the laws laid down for temporal ...


    Titular see ; suffragan of Ephesus in Asia Minor. A city of Caria situated on a peninsula ...


    DIOCESE OF TEPIC (TEPICENSIS) A diocese of the Mexican Republic, suffragan of the ...


    A Premonstratensian abbey in the western part of Bohemia, included in the Archdiocese of Prague ...


    Diocese in southern Italy. In the past the city was injured by earthquakes. It is situated at ...


    The origin of Terce, like that of Sext and None, to which it bears a close relationship, dates ...


    Titular see, suffragan of Antinoë in Thebais Prima. Le Quien (Oriens christ., II, 611) ...
    Teresa of Avila, Saint

    St. Teresa of Jesus (Teresa of Avila)

    Teresa Sanchez Cepeda Davila y Ahumada Born at Avila, Old Castile, 28 March, 1515; died at ...
    Teresa of Lisieux, Saint

    Saint Therese of Lisieux

    (Sister Teresa of the Child Jesus) Carmelite of Lisieux, better known as the Little Flower of ...
    Teresian Martyrs of Compiègne, The Sixteen Blessed

    The Martyrs of Compiegne

    Guillotined at the Place du Trône Renversé (now called Place de la Nation), Paris, 17 ...
    Terill, Anthony

    Anthony Terill (Bonville)

    English theologian, b. at Canford, Dorsetshire, in 1623; d. at Liège, 11 Oct., 1676. His ...


    A titular see, suffragan of Perge in Pamphylia Secunda. This is one of the most ancient cities ...


    (THERMULARUM) Located on the Italian coast of the Adriatic, having a small harbour near the ...
    Ternan, Saint

    St. Ternan

    Bishop of the Picts, flourished in the sixth century. Much obscurity attaches to his history, and ...
    Terracina, Sezze, and Piperno

    Terracina, Sezze, and Piperno

    (TERRACINENSIS, SETINENSIS ET PRIVERNENSIS) Located in the Province of Rome. The city of ...
    Terrasson, André

    Andre Terrason

    A French preacher, born at Lyons in 1669; died at Paris, 25 April, 1723. He was the eldest son ...
    Terrestrial Paradise

    The Garden of Eden

    ( paradeisos , Paradisus ). The name popularly given in Christian tradition to the ...
    Terrien, Jean-Baptiste

    Jean-Baptiste Terrien

    Dogmatic theologian, born at St-Laurent-des-Autels, Maine-et-Loire, 26 Aug., 1832; d. at ...


    (From the Latin tertiarius , the relative adjective of tertius , third ). Tertiaries, or ...


    (Q UINTUS S EPTIMIUS F LORENS T ERTULLIANUS ). Ecclesiastical writer in the second and ...


    (TUROLENSIS) A suffragan of Saragossa, comprises the civil province of the same name, ...
    Test-Oath, Missouri

    Missouri Test-Oath

    In January, 1865, there assembled in St. Louis, Missouri, a "Constitutional Convention" composed ...
    Testament, New

    New Testament

    I. Name ; II. Description ; III. Origin ; IV. Transmission of the Text ; V. Contents, History, ...
    Testament, Old

    Old Testament

    I. NAME The word "testament", Hebrew berîth , Greek diatheke , primarily signifies the ...
    Testem Benevolentiae

    Testem Benevolentiae

    An Apostolic Letter of Leo XIII addressed to Cardinal Gibbons, 22 January, 1899. It opens by ...
    Tetzel, Johann

    Johann Tetzel

    First public antagonist of Luther, b. at Pirna in Meissen, 1465; d. at Leipzig, 11 Aug., 1519. ...


    A titular see in Libyan Pentapolis. Teuchira ( Teucheira ) neuter plural, was a city on the ...
    Teutonic Order

    Teutonic Order

    A medieval military order modelled on the Hospitallers of St. John, which changed its residence ...


    (THEODORIC) A Welsh saint, son of King Ceithfalt of Morganwg or Southern Wales, flourished ...


    S TATE OF T EXAS . The name, Texas, is probably derived from Tejas, the name of a ...
    Textual Criticism

    Biblical Criticism

    The object of textual criticism is to restore as nearly as possible the original text of a work ...


    A titular see in Africa Byzacena. It is mentioned in numerous ancient geographical documents ...
    Thébaud, Augustus

    Augustus Thebaud

    Jesuit educator and publicist, b. at Nantes, France, 20 Nov., 1807; d. at St. John's College, ...
    Thénard, Louis-Jacques, Baron

    Baron Louis-Jacques Thenard

    Chemist, b. at Louptière, near Nogent-sur-Seine, Aube, France, on 4 May, 1777; d. at Paris, ...
    Théophane Vénard

    Bl. Theophane Venard

    (JEAN-THÉOPHANE V&Eaucte;NARD.) French missionary, born at St-Loup, Diocese of ...
    Thérèse of Lisieux, Saint

    Saint Therese of Lisieux

    (Sister Teresa of the Child Jesus) Carmelite of Lisieux, better known as the Little Flower of ...
    Thabor, Mount

    Mount Thabor

    The name of Mount Thabor, , is rendered in the Septuagint as , and in Jeremias and Osee ...


    A titular see of Numidia near the sea, between the Armua and the Tusca. Thabraca was the last ...
    Thacia Montana

    Thacia Montana

    A titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage. An inscription discovered in the ...


    (TAGASTE) Thagaste, a titular see in Numidia, was a rather important municipality. It is ...


    (Tagora) Titular see in Numidia, mentioned by the "Rabula Peutingeriana", which calls it ...
    Thais, Saint

    Saint Thais

    (THAISIS or THAISIA). A penitent in Egypt in the fourth century. In the Greek menology her ...
    Thalberg, Sigismond

    Sigismond Thalberg

    Musical composer and pianist, b. at Geneva, 1812; d. at Posilipo, Italy, 27 April, 1871. The ...
    Thalhofer, Valentin

    Valentin Thalhofer

    German theologian, b. at Unterroth, near Ulm, 21 January, 1825; d. at the same place, 17 ...


    (THANKMAR) Historian, b. about the middle of the tenth century; d. probably at Hildesheim ...
    Thanksgiving before and after Meals

    Grace Before Meals

    The word grace , which, as applied to prayer over food, always in pre-Elizabethan English ...
    Thanksgiving Day

    Thanksgiving Day

    A civil holiday observed annually in the United States of America on the last Thursday in ...


    A titular see in Byzacene Africa. It was a Phoenician market on the coast of Byzacium in ...


    A titular see in Macedonia, suffragan of Thessalonica. The island of Thasos was anciently ...


    A titular see in Thessaly, suffragan of Larissa, commanding the defile of Coele at the ...
    Thayer, John

    John Thayer

    Missionary, convert, first native of New England ordained to the priesthood, b. Boston, ...


    (CLERICS REGULAR) A religious order of men, founded by Gaetano dei Conti di Tiene, Paolo ...
    Theatre, The

    The Theatre

    Considering the tone of what is preserved to us of the works of the Greek tragedians and even of ...


    The valley of the Nile, under Roman domination, was divided into four provinces: Lower and Upper ...

    Thebes (Achaia Secunda)

    (THEBAE) A metropolitan titular see of Achaia Secunda. The city was founded by the ...

    Thebes (Thebais Secunda)

    (THEBAE) Titular see of Thebais Secunda, suffragan of Ptolemais, and the seat of a Coptic ...
    Thecla, Saint

    St. Thecla

    Benedictine Abbess of Kitzingen and Ochsenfurt; date of birth unknown; d. at Kitzingen about 790 ...
    Thecla, Saints

    Sts. Thecla

    I. Thecla of Iconium The reputed pupil of the Apostle Paul , who is the heroine of the ...


    Theft is the secret taking of another's property against the reasonable will of that other. ...
    Thegan (Degan) of Treves


    Chronicler, d. about 850. Very little is known of his life; all that is certain is that he was ...
    Theiner, Augustin

    Augustin Theiner

    Theologian and historian, b. at Breslau, 11 April, 1804; d. at Civitavecchia, 8 Aug., 1874. He was ...


    A titular see in Byzacene. From an inscription we learn that it was a colony. An important ...


    A titular see, suffragan of Amasea in the Hellespont. There was a town of this name near the ...


    A titular see in Phrygia Pacatiana, suffragan of Laodicea. Themisonium was a city of Phrygia, ...


    A titular suffragan see of Pelusium in Augustamnica Prima. Cassian (Collat., XI, 1-3) gives a ...


    (T EDBALD .) Archbishop of Canterbury ; d. 18 April, 1161. He was a Norman by descent and ...
    Theobald, Saint

    Saint Theobald

    Born at Provins in the Province of Champagne, France, in 1017; died at Salanigo in Italy 30 June, ...


    A form of civil government in which God himself is recognized as the head. The laws of the ...
    Theodard, Saint

    Saint Theodard

    Archbishop of Narbonne, b. at Montauban about 840; d. at the same place 1 May, 893. He seems to ...


    Etymologically considered theodicy ( théos díe ) signifies the justification of ...
    Theodore I, Pope

    Pope Theodore I

    Pope from 642 to 649; the date of his birth is unknown. He was a Greek of Jerusalem and the ...
    Theodore II, Pope

    Pope Theodore II

    Son of Photius. His pontificate lasted only twenty days; neither the date of his birth nor of his ...
    Theodore of Amasea, Saint

    St. Theodore of Amasea

    Surnamed Tyro (Tiro), not because he was a young recruit, but because for a time he belonged to ...
    Theodore of Gaza

    Theodore of Gaza

    A fifteenth-century Greek Humanist and translator of Aristotle, b. at Thessalonica early in ...
    Theodore of Studium, Saint

    Theodore of Studium

    A zealous champion of the veneration of images and the last geat representative of the unity ...
    Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury

    Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury

    Seventh Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Tarsus in Cilicia about 602; d. at Canterbury 19 ...
    Theodore, Bishop of Mopsuestia

    Theodore of Mopsuestia

    Bishop of Mopsuestia in Cilicia and ecclesiastical writer; b. at Antioch about 350 (thus also ...


    Bishop of Cyrus and theologian, born at Antioch in Syria about 393; died about 457. He says ...
    Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartres

    Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartres

    A Platonist philosopher of the twelfth century, b. in France at the beginning of the twelfth ...
    Theodoric the Great

    Theodoric the Great

    King of the Ostrogoths, born A.D. 454 (?); died 26 August, 526. He was an illegitimate son of ...
    Theodorus and Theophanes, Saints

    Sts. Theodorus and Theophanes

    (Called Grapti , "written upon", graptoi ) Theodorus, b. about 775; d. about 842-43; ...
    Theodorus Lector

    Theodorus Lector

    A lector attached to the Church of St. Sophia of Constantinople in the early part of the sixth ...


    A titular metropolitan see of Thracia Prima. In the beginning the city was called Apros, or ...
    Theodosius Florentini

    Theodosius Florentini

    Born at Münster, in the Grisons, Switzerland, 23 May, 1808; died at Heiden, in Appenzell, ...
    Theodosius I

    Theodosius I

    Roman Emperor (also known as Flavius Theodosius), born in Spain, about 346; died at Milan, 17 ...
    Theodotus of Ancyra, Saint

    St. Theodotus of Ancyra

    Martyr. On 18 May the Roman Martyrology says: "At Ancyra, in Galatia, the martyr Saint Theodotus ...


    (Theodulfus, Theodulfe), Bishop of Orléans, a writer skilled in poetic forms and a ...
    Theology of Christ (Christology)


    Christology is that part of theology which deals with Our Lord Jesus Christ. In its full extent ...
    Theology, Ascetical

    Ascetical Theology

    Ascetics, as a branch of theology, may be briefly defined as the scientific exposition of ...
    Theology, Dogmatic

    Dogmatic Theology

    Dogmatic theology is that part of theology which treats of the theoretical truths of faith ...
    Theology, History of Dogmatic

    History of Dogmatic Theology

    The imposing edifice of Catholic theology has been reared not by individual nations and men, ...
    Theology, Moral

    Moral Theology

    Moral theology is a branch of theology, the science of God and Divine things. The distinction ...
    Theology, Mystical

    Mystical Theology

    Mystical theology is the science which treats of acts and experiences or states of the soul ...
    Theology, Pastoral

    Pastoral Theology

    Pastoral theology is the science of the care of souls. This article will give the definition of ...


    Bishop of Alexandria from about 283 to 301 ( Eusebius, "Chronicle", Ann. Abr. 2299, St. Jerome's ...
    Theophanes Kerameus

    Theophanes Kerameus

    ( Kerameus , potter). Archbishop of Rossano in Calabria (1129-52), a celebrated homiletic ...
    Theophanes, Saint

    St. Theophanes

    Chronicler, born at Constantinople, about 758; died in Samothracia, probably 12 March, 817, on ...


    ("Friends of God and Man") A deistic sect formed in France during the latter part of the ...


    Bishop of Antioch. Eusebius in his "Chronicle" places the name of Theophilus against that of ...


    Patriarch of Alexandria (385-412). Concerning the extraction and early life of Theophilus we ...


    ( Theosophia = "wisdom concerning God ") Theosophy is a term used in general to designate ...
    Theotocopuli, Domenico

    El Greco

    One of the most remarkable Spanish artists, b. in Crete, between 1545 and 1550; d. at Toledo, 7 ...
    Thera (Santorin)


    DIOCESE OF THERA (SANTORINO) Diocese in the Cyclades. About the year 2000 B.C., the ...
    Thermae Basilicae

    Thermae Basilicae

    A titular see in Cappadocia Prima, suffragan of Caesarea. The Greek "Notitiae episcopatuum" ...


    A titular see and suffragan of Athens in Achaia Prima. It is the name of a defile about 4 ...
    Thessalonians, Epistles to the

    Epistles to the Thessalonians

    Two of the canonical Epistles of St. Paul. This article will treat the Church of ...


    (SALONIKI) Titular metropolis in Macedonia. It was at first a village called Alia, situated ...


    Titular see of Numidia. The city seems to have had some importance even prior to Christianity. ...


    Titular see in Byzacena ( Africa ), not mentioned by any ancient author. The official list of ...
    Thibaut de Champagne

    Thibaut de Champagne

    Thibaut IV, count of Champagne and King of Navarre, a French poet, b. 1201, at Troyes ; d. 8 ...
    Thierry of Freburg

    Thierry of Freiburg

    ( Or Thierry of Saxony). A philosopher and physician of the Middle Ages, and a member of ...
    Thiers, Louis-Adolphe

    Louis-Adolphe Thiers

    French statesman and historian, first president of the Third French Republic, b. at Marseilles, ...


    A titular see in Numidia. The Roman Curia's official list of titular sees places Thignica in ...
    Thijm, Joseph Albert Alberdingk

    Joseph Albert Alberdingk Thijm

    Born at Amsterdam, 8 July, 1820; d. there, 17 March, 1889. After finishing his studies in his ...
    Thijm, Peter Paul Maria Alberdingk

    Peter Paul Maria Alberdingk Thijm

    Brother of Joseph Alberdingk Thijm , b. at Amsterdam, 21 Oct., 1827, d. at Louvain, 1 Feb., ...
    Thimelby, Richard

    Richard Thimelby

    ( Alias ASHBY) Missionary priest, b. in Lincolnshire, England, 1614; d. at St. Omer's, ...
    Third Orders

    Third Orders

    I. GENERAL Third Orders signify in general lay members of religious orders, i.e. men and women ...
    Thirty Years War

    The Thirty Years War

    The Thirty Years War (1618-48), though pre-eminently a German war, was also of great importance ...


    A titular see in Augustamnica Prima, suffragan of Pelusium ; a city of Lower Egypt, on the ...
    Thomas á Jesu

    Thomas a Jesu

    (Diaz Sanchez de Avila). Discalced Carmelite, writer on mystical theology, born at Baeza, ...
    Thomas à Kempis

    Thomas a Kempis

    Author of the "Imitation of Christ" , born at Kempen in the Diocese of Cologne, in 1379 or 1380; ...
    Thomas Abel, Blessed

    Blessed Thomas Abel

    (Also ABLE, or ABELL.) Priest and martyr, born about 1497; died 30 July, 1540. He was ...
    Thomas Alfield, Venerable

    Ven. Thomas Alfield

    (AUFIELD, ALPHILDE, HAWFIELD, OFFELDUS; alias BADGER). Priest, born at Gloucestershire; ...
    Thomas Aquinas, Saint

    St. Thomas Aquinas

    Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church ( Angelicus Doctor ), patron of Catholic ...
    Thomas Atkinson, Venerable

    Ven. Thomas Atkinson

    Martyred at York, 11 March, l6l6. He was born in the East Riding of Yorkshire, was ordained ...
    Thomas Becket, Saint

    St. Thomas Becket

    Martyr, Archbishop of Canterbury, born at London, 21 December, 1118 (?); died at Canterbury, 29 ...
    Thomas Belchiam, Venerable

    Venerable Thomas Belchiam

    A Franciscan martyr in the reign of Henry VIII, date of birth uncertain; d. 3 August 1537. He ...
    Thomas Christians, Saint

    St. Thomas Christians

    An ancient body of Christians on the east and west coasts of India, claiming spiritual descent ...
    Thomas Cottam, Blessed

    Bl. Thomas Cottam

    Martyr, born 1549, in Lancashire; executed at Tyburn, 30 May, 1582. His parents, Laurence cottam ...
    Thomas Ford, Blessed

    Bl. Thomas Ford

    Born in Devonshire; died at Tyburn, 28 May, 1582. He incepted M.A. at Trinity College, Oxford, 14 ...
    Thomas Garnet, Saint

    St. Thomas Garnet

    Protomartyr of St. Omer and therefore of Stonyhurst College; b. at Southwark, c. 1575; executed ...
    Thomas Johnson, Blessed

    Bl. Thomas Johnson

    Carthusian martyr, died in Newgate gaol, London, 20 September, 1537. On 18 May, 1537, the twenty ...
    Thomas More, Saint

    St. Thomas More

    Saint, knight, Lord Chancellor of England, author and martyr, born in London, 7 February, ...
    Thomas of Beckington

    Thomas of Beckington

    (BEKYNTON.) Bishop of Bath and Wells, born at Beckington, Somerset, about 1390; died at ...
    Thomas of Bradwardine

    Thomas of Bradwardine

    Thomas of Cantimpré

    Thomas of Cantimpre

    Medieval writer, preacher, and theologian, born of noble parentage at Leuw St. Pierre near ...
    Thomas of Celano

    Thomas of Celano

    Friar Minor, poet, andhagiographical writer, born at Celano in the Province of the Abruzzi, about ...
    Thomas of Dover

    Thomas of Dover

    Martyr ; died 2 or 5 August, 1295. On the above date the French ravaged Dover with fire and ...
    Thomas of Hereford

    St. Thomas of Hereford

    (THOMAS DE CANTELUPE). Born at Hambledon, Buckinghamshire, England, about 1218; died at ...
    Thomas of Jesus

    Thomas of Jesus

    (THOMAS DE ANDRADA). Reformer and preacher, born at Lisbon, 1529; died at Sagena, Morocco, 17 ...
    Thomas of Jorz

    Thomas of Jorz

    (Often but erroneously called JOYCE and frequently referred to as ANGLUS or ANGLICUS). ...
    Thomas of Strasburg

    Thomas of Strasburg

    A fourteenth-century scholastic of the Augustinian Order, born, according to some writers, at ...
    Thomas of Villanova, Saint

    St. Thomas of Villanova

    Educator, philanthropist, born at Fuentellana, Spain, 1488; died at Valencia, 8 September, 1555. ...
    Thomas Percy, Blessed

    Bl. Thomas Percy

    Earl of Northumberland, martyr, born in 1528; died at York, 22 August, 1572. He was the eldest ...
    Thomas Sherwood, Blessed

    Bl. Thomas Sherwood

    Martyr, born in London, 1551; died at Tyburn, London, 7 February, 1578. His parents also ...
    Thomas the Apostle, Saint

    St. Thomas the Apostle

    Little is recorded of St. Thomas the Apostle, nevertheless thanks to the fourth Gospel his ...
    Thomas Thwing, Venerable

    Ven. Thomas Thwing

    Martyr. Born at Heworth Hall, near York, in 1635; suffered at York, 23 Oct., 1680. His father was ...
    Thomas Woodhouse, Blessed

    Bl. Thomas Woodhouse

    Martyr who suffered at Tyburn 19 June, 1573, being disembowelled alive. Ordained in Mary's ...
    Thomas, Charles L.A.

    Charles L.A. Thomas

    French composer, born at Metz, 5 August, 1811; died at Paris, 12 February, 1896. He gained the ...
    Thomassin, Louis

    Louis Thomassin

    Theologian and French Oratorian, b. at Aix-en-Provence 28 Aug., 1619; d. in Paris, 24 Dec., ...


    In a broad sense, Thomism is the name given to the system which follows the teaching of St. ...
    Thompson River Indians

    Thompson River Indians

    (THOMPSON INDIANS). An important tribe of British Columbia of Salishan linguistic stock, also ...
    Thompson, Blessed James

    Bl. James Thompson

    (Also known as James Hudson). Martyr, born in or near York; having nearly all his life in that ...
    Thompson, Edward Healy and Harriet Diana

    Edward and Harriet Thompson

    The name of two English converts : (1) Edward Healy and (2) Harriet Diana. Edward Healy ...
    Thompson, Francis

    Francis Thompson

    Poet, b. at Preston, Lancashire, 18 Dec., 1859; d. in London, 13 Nov., 1907. He came from the ...
    Thompson, Right Honourable Sir John Sparrow David

    Right Honourable Sir John Sparrow David Thompson

    Jurist and first Catholic Premier of Canada, b. at Halifax, Nova Scotia , 10 Nov., 1844; d. ...
    Thonissen, Jean-Joseph

    Jean-Joseph Thonissen

    Professor of law at the University of Louvain, minister in the Belgian Government, b. at ...
    Thorlaksson, Arni

    Arni Thorlaksson

    An Icelandic bishop, b. in Iceland, 1237; d. at Bergen, 1297. While a deacon, he visited ...
    Thorney Abbey

    Thorney Abbey

    (i.e. "the isle of thorns", anciently called ANCARIG). Thorney Abbey, in Cambridgeshire, ...
    Thorns, Crown of

    Crown of Thorns

    Although Our Saviour's Crown of Thorns is mentioned by three Evangelists and is often alluded ...
    Thorns, Feast of the Crown of

    Feast of the Crown of Thorns

    The first feast in honour of the Crown of Thorns ( Festum susceptionis coronae Domini ) was ...
    Thorpe, Venerable Robert

    Venerable Robert Thorpe

    Priest and martyr, b. in Yorkshire; suffered at York, 15 May, 1591. He reached the English ...
    Thou, Jacques-Auguste de

    Jacques-Auguste de Thou

    French historian, b. at Paris, 8 October, 1553; d. there, 7 May, 1617. The son of Christophe de ...
    Thou, Nicolas de

    Nicolas de Thou

    Bishop of Chartres, uncle of the historian Jacques-Auguste de Thou, b. at Paris, 1528; d. at ...
    Three Chapters

    Three Chapters

    The Three chapters ( trîa kephálaia ) were propositions anathematizing : (1) the ...
    Three Rivers

    Three Rivers (Quebec)

    DIOCESE OF THREE RIVERS (TRIFLUVIANENSIS) Formed from the Archdiocese of Quebec , to which it ...


    (Latin thronus, cathedra, sedes episcopalis ), the seat the bishop uses when not engaged at ...
    Thuburbo Minus

    Thuburbo Minus

    A titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage. Thuburbo Minus is mentioned in ...


    Titular see of Numidia, perhaps the Numidian fortress of Tocai mentioned about 305 B.C. by ...
    Thugut, Johann Amadeus Franz de Paula

    Johann Amadeus Franz de Paula Thugut

    Austrian statesman, born at Linz, 31 March, 1736; died at Vienna, 28 May, 1818. He was the son of ...
    Thulis, Venerable John

    Ven. John Thulis

    English martyr, born at Up Holland, Lancashire, probably about 1568; suffered at Lancaster, 18 ...
    Thun-Hohenstein, Count Leo

    Count Leo Thun-Hohenstein

    Austrian statesman, b. at the family castle of Tetschen in Bohemia, 7 April, 1811; d. at Vienna, ...
    Thundering Legion

    Thundering Legion

    ( Legio fulminata , or fulminea , not fulminatrix ). The story of the Thundering Legion ...


    The name Thuringia is given to a large part of Central Germany, bounded on the west by the ...
    Thurmayr, Johannes

    Johannes Thurmayr

    (Called AVENTINUS from the place of his birth) Born at Abensberg, Bavaria, 4 July, 1477; died ...


    A titular suffragan see of Sardes in Lydia. According to Stephanus Byzantius, the name was ...


    A titular see, suffragan of Nicomedia, in Bithynia Prima. It is an island situated in the Black ...
    Thyräus, Hermann

    Hermann Thryaus

    German Jesuit, b. at Neuss on the Rhine, 1532; d. at Mainz, 26 October, 1591. He studied first ...


    The papal crown, a costly covering for the head, ornamented with precious stones and pearls, ...
    Tibaldi, Pellegrino

    Pellegrino Tibaldi

    Known also as Pellegrino da Bologna and as Pellegrino Pellegrini; decorator, mural painter, and ...


    Titular see, suffragan of Scythopolis, in Palaestina Secunda. The town of Tiberias was founded on ...
    Tiberias, Sea of

    Sea of Galilee

    So called in John 21:1 (cf. 6:1 ), otherwise known as "the sea of Galilee" ( Matthew 4:18 ; Mark ...


    Titular see in Phrygia Pacatiana. Tiberiopolis is mentioned by Ptolemy (V, 2, 25); Socrates ...


    The second Roman emperor ( A. D. 14-37), b. 16 November, 42 B. C. , d. 16 March, A. D. 37. ...


    A vast plateau, about 463,320 square miles, about 1240 miles in its greatest length from east to ...
    Tiburtius and Susanna, Saints

    Sts. Tiburtius and Susanna

    Roman martyrs, feast 11 August. The story is related in the legend of St. Sebastian that ...


    Titular see, suffragan of Cyrene, in the Libya Pentapolis. Under this name it is not found in any ...
    Tichborne, Ven. Nicholas

    Ven. Nicholas Tichborne

    Martyr, b. at Hartley Mauditt, Hampshire; suffered at Tyburn, London, 24 Aug., 1601. He was a ...
    Tichborne, Ven. Thomas

    Ven. Thomas Tichborne

    Born at Hartley, Hampshire, 1567; martyred at Tyburn, London, 20 April, 1602. He was educated ...


    (Also TYCONIUS, TYCHONIUS, etc.) An African Donatist writer of the fourth century who ...
    Ticuna Indians

    Ticuna Indians

    A tribe of Indians of some importance, constituting a distinct linguistic stock, inhabiting the ...
    Tieffentaller, Joseph

    Joseph Tieffentaller

    Jesuit missionary and noted geographer in Hindustan, b. at Bozen in the Tyrol, 27 August, 1710; ...


    Giovanni Battista (Giambattista) Tiepolo Born in Venice in 1696; died at Madrid, 27 March, 1770. ...
    Tierney, Mark Aloysius

    Mark Aloysius Tierney

    Born at Brighton, Sept., 1795; died at Arundel, 19 Feb., 1862. After his early schooling with the ...
    Tigris, Saint

    St. Tigris

    Irish saint, sister of St. Patrick. Much obscurity attaches to her life, and she has been ...
    Tillemont, Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de

    Louis-Sebastien Le Nain de Tillemont

    French historian and priest, b. at Paris, 30 November, 1637; d. there, 10 January, 1698; he was ...
    Tilly, Johannes Tserclæs, Count of

    Count of Tilly

    Born at Brabant in 1559; died at Ingolstadt in April, 1632. He was a member of a noble family of ...


    A titular see in Pisidia, suffragan of Antioch. It is called Thymbrium in the official lists ...


    The problem of time is one of the most difficult and most keenly debated in the field of natural ...
    Timothy and Symphorian, Saints

    Sts. Timotheus and Symphorian

    Martyrs whose feast is observed on 22 August. During the pontificate of Melchiades (311-13), ...
    Timothy and Titus, Epistles to

    Epistles to Timothy and Titus

    (T HE P ASTORALS STS. TIMOTHY AND TITUS Saints Timothy and Titus were two of the most beloved ...
    Timucua Indians

    Timucua Indians

    A principal group or confederacy of Ancient Florida, notable for the successful missions ...
    Tincker, Mary Agnes

    Mary Agnes Tincker

    Novelist, born at Ellsworth, Maine, 18 July, 1833; died at Boston, Massachusetts, 4 December, ...


    A titular see of Mauretania Tingitana (the official list of the Roman Curia places it in ...

    See of Tinin (Dalmatia)

    SEE OF TININ (KNIN). Located in Dalmatia ; suffragan to Kalocsa-Bacs. Knin is a town on ...
    Tinos and Mykonos

    Tinos and Mykonos

    DIOCESE OF TINOS AND MYKONOS (TINENSIS ET MYCONENSIS) A Latin diocese of the Cyclades, ...
    Tintern Abbey

    Tintern Abbey

    This abbey, in Monmouthshire, England [actually Wales -- Ed. ], was founded in 1131 by ...
    Tintoretto, Il

    Il Tintoretto

    (J ACOPO R OBUSTI ) Italian painter, b. at Venice, 1518; d. there 1594. His father was a ...


    A titular see of Numidia. The Phoenician word signifies passage. Early in its history we find ...
    Tiraboschi, Girolamo

    Girolamo Tiraboschi

    Italian scholar, b. in the region of Bergamo, 1731; d. 3 June, 1794. At an early age he entered ...


    Tisio da Garofalo, Benvenuto

    Benvenuto Tisio da Garofalo

    An Italian painter of the Ferrarese school ; b. in 1481 at Garofalo, whence, as was the ...
    Tissot, James

    James Tissot

    (JOSEPH-JACQUES TISSOT) French draughtsman and painter, b. at Nantes, 15 Oct., 1836; d. at ...


    (Anglo-Saxon teotha , a tenth). Generally defined as "the tenth part of the increase arising ...
    Tithes, Lay

    Lay Tithes

    Under this heading must be distinguished (1) secular tithes, which subjects on crown-estates were ...


    (T IZIANO V ECELLI , called T ITIAN ). The greatest of Venetian painters, born at Pieve ...


    (TITIOPOLIS) Titular see, suffragan of Seleucia Trachaea in Isauria. Le Quien (Oriens ...


    In pagan times titulus signified an inscription on stone, and later the stone which marked ...


    Roman Emperor 79-81, b. 30 Dec., 41; d. 13 Sept., 81; son of the Emperor Vespasian, and from the ...
    Titus and Timothy, Epistles to

    Epistles to Timothy and Titus

    (T HE P ASTORALS STS. TIMOTHY AND TITUS Saints Timothy and Titus were two of the most beloved ...
    Titus, Bishop of Bostra

    Titus, Bishop of Bostra

    Born about 362-371. Sozomen (Hist. eccl., III, xiv) names Titus among the great men of the time ...


    (TIUM) Titular see, suffragan of Claudiopolis in Honorias. According to Strabo (542, 545) the ...


    DIOCESE OF TIVOLI (TIBURTINA) Diocese in the Province of Rome. The city in situated where the ...


    (TLAXCALENSIS) A former diocese of the colony of New Spain. It was the fifth diocese ...


    A titular see in Lycia, suffragan of Myra. Tlos was one of the six cities forming the Lycian ...
    Toaldo, Giuseppe

    Giuseppe Toaldo

    Priest and physicist, b. at Pianezze, 1719; d. at Padua, 1797. In his fourteenth year he entered ...
    Toba Indians

    Toba Indians

    One of the few still unconquered savage tribes of the great Chaco wilderness of South America, and ...

    Book of Tobias

    We shall first enumerate the various Biblical persons and then treat the book of this name. I. ...
    Tocqueville, Charles-Alexis-Henri-Maurice-Clerel de

    Alexis de Tocqueville

    (CHARLES-ALEXIS-HENRI-MAURICE-CLEREL DE TOCQUEVILLE) Writer and statesman, b. at Verneuil, ...


    (T UDERTINA ). Diocese in Central Italy ; immediately dependent on the Holy See. The city ...

    Tokio (Tokyo)

    (Tokiensis) Archdiocese comprising 21 provinces or 15 departments with a population of over ...
    Toledo (Ohio)

    Toledo (Ohio)

    (Toletana in America) A diocese in Ohio, U.S.A. formed out of the Diocese of Cleveland and ...
    Toledo (Spain)

    Toledo (Spain)

    ARCHDIOCESE OF TOLEDO (TOLETANENSIS) Primatial see of Spain, whose archbishop, raised almost ...
    Toledo, Francisco

    Francisco Toledo

    Philosopher, theologian, and exegete, son of an actuary, b. at Córdova, 4 Oct., 1532; d. ...
    Tolentino and Macerata

    Macerata and Tolentino

    Located in the Marches, Central Italy. Macerata is a provincial capital, situated on a hill, ...
    Toleration, History of

    History of Toleration

    In any attempt to deal historically with the attitude of the Church towards religious toleration ...
    Toleration, Religious

    Religious Toleration

    Toleration in general signifies patient forbearance in the presence of an evil which one is ...
    Tolomei, John Baptist

    John Baptist Tolomei

    A distinguished Jesuit theologian and cardinal, born of noble parentage, at Camberaia, between ...


    A memorial for the dead at the place of burial, customary, especially for distinguished persons, ...
    Tomb of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    Tomb of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    The tomb of the Blessed Virgin is venerated in the Valley of Cedron, near Jerusalem. Modern ...
    Tomb, Altar

    Altar Tomb

    A tomb, or monument, over a grave, oblong in form, which is covered with a slab or table, having ...


    A titular metropolitan see in the Province of Scythia, on the Black Sea. It was a Greek colony ...
    Tommasi, Blessed Giuseppe Maria

    Bl. Giuseppe Maria Tommasi

    A Cardinal, noted for his learning, humility, and zeal for reform; born at Licata, Sicily, of ...
    Tongerloo, Abbey of

    Abbey of Tongerloo

    Located near Antwerp, Belgium, founded in 1128 in honour of the Blessed Virgin, by de ...
    Tongiorgi, Salvator

    Salvator Tongiorgi

    Philosopher, born at Rome, Italy, 25 December, 1820; d. there, 12 November, 1865. At the age of ...
    Tongues, Gift of

    Gift of Tongues (Glossolalia)

    (Glossolaly, glossolalia ). A supernatural gift of the class gratiae gratis datae , ...
    Tonica Indians

    Tonica Indians

    (Or TUNICA). A small tribe constituting a distinct linguistic stock living, when first known ...
    Tonkawa Indians

    Tonkawa Indians

    A tribal group or confederacy, of low culture status and constituting a distinct linguistic stock, ...


    ( Latin tondere , "to shear") A sacred rite instituted by the Church by which a baptized ...
    Tootell, Hugh

    Hugh Tootell

    Commonly known as Charles Dodd. Historian, b. in 1671 or 1672, at Durton-in-Broughton, ...


    I. USE OF WORD Torah, (cf. Hiph. of ), signifies first "direction, instruction", as, for ...
    Torbido, Francesco

    Francesco Torbido

    Often called IL MORO (The Moor). Veronese painter and engraver, b. at Verona about 1486; ...
    Toribio Alfonso Mogrovejo, Saint

    St. Toribio Alfonso Mogrovejo

    Archbishop of Lima ; b. at Mayorga, León, Spain, 1538; d. near Lima Peru, 23 March ...
    Tornielli, Girolamo Francesco

    Girolamo Francesco Tornielli

    Italian Jesuit, preacher and writer, b. at Cameri, 1 Febreuary, 1693, of a distinguished family ...


    A titular see in Macedonia, suffragan of Thessalonica. Torone was a colony of Chalcideans from ...


    (TORONTINA). Located in the Province of Ontario , Canada. When constituted a diocese, it ...
    Torquemada, Tomás de

    Tomas de Torquemada

    First Grand Inquisitor of Spain, born at Valladolid in 1420; died at Avila, 16 September, ...
    Torres Naharro, Bartolemé de

    Bartolome de Torres Naharro

    Spanish poet and dramatist, b. at Torres, near Badajoz, towards the end of the fifteenth ...
    Torres, Francisco

    Francisco Torres

    (TURRIANUS.) Hellenist and polemicist, born in Herrera, Palencia, about 1509; died at Rome, ...
    Torricelli, Evangelista

    Evangelista Torricelli

    Italian mathematician and physicist, born at Faenza, 15 October, 1608; died at Florence, 25 ...
    Torrubia, José

    Jose Torrubia

    Born towards the end of the seventeenth century at Granada, Spain ; died in 1768 in the ...


    DIOCESE OF TORTONA (DERTONENSIS) Diocese in Piedmont, Italy. The city is situated on the ...


    DIOCESE OF TORTOSA (DERTHUSENSIS, DERTUSA). Located in Spain, suffragan of Tarragona ; ...
    Toscanella and Viterbo

    Viterbo and Toscanella

    (VITERBIENSIS ET TUSCANENSIS). The city of Viterbo in the Province of Rome stands at the foot ...
    Toscanelli, Paolo dal Pozzo

    Paolo Dal Pozzo Toscanelli

    Mathematician, astronomer, and cosmographer, b. at Florence in 1397; d. there, 10 May, 1482. ...


    ( Hebrew = addition, supplement ) Tosephta is the name of compilation of ...
    Tostado, Alonso

    Alonso Tostado

    (ALONSO TOSTATUS) Exegete, b. at Madrigal, Castile, about 1400; d. at Bonilla de la Sierra, ...
    Tosti, Luigi

    Luigi Tosti

    Benedictine historian, b. at Naples 13 Feb., 1811; d. at Monte Cassino, 24 Sept., 1897. His ...


    Totemism from ote , root ot , possessive form otem , in the Ojibway dialect of the ...
    Totonac Indians

    Totonac Indians

    One of the smaller cultured nations of ancient Mexico, occupying at the time of the Spanish ...
    Touchet, George Anselm

    George Anselm Touchet

    Born at Stalbridge, Dorset; died about 1689. He was second son of Mervyn, twelfth Lord Audley, ...


    A RCHDIOCESE OF T OULOUSE (T OLOSENSIS ) Includes the Department of Haute-Garonne. As ...
    Tournély, Honoré

    Honore Tournely

    Theologian, b. Antibes, Provence, 28 August, 1658; d. at Paris, 26 December 1729. His parents ...


    Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de

    Joseph Pitton de Tournefort

    French botanist, b. at Aix in Provence, 5 June, 1656; d. at Paris, 28 Dec., 1708. After his ...
    Tournon, Charles-Thomas Maillard de

    Charles-Thomas Maillard de Tournon

    Papal legate to India and China, cardinal, born of a noble Savoyard family at Turin, 21 ...
    Touron, Antoine

    Antoine Touron

    Dominican biographer and historian, born at Graulhet, Tarn, France, on 5 September, 1686; died ...


    (TURONENSIS.) Comprises the Department of Indre-et-Loire, and was re-established by the ...
    Toustain, Charles-François

    Charles-Francois Toustain

    French Benedictine, and member of the Congregation of St-Maur, born at Repas in the Diocese of ...
    Touttée, Antoine-Augustin

    Antoine-Augustin Touttee

    A French Benedictine of the Maurist Congregation, b. at Riom, Department of Puy-de-Dôme, ...
    Tower of Babel

    Tower of Babel

    The "Tower of Babel" is the name of the building mentioned in Genesis 11:19 . History of the ...
    Tracy, Alexandre de Prouville, Marquis de

    Alexandre de Prouville, Marquis de Tracy

    Viceroy of New France, born in France, 1603, of noble parents ; died there in 1670. A soldier ...
    Tradition and Living Magisterium

    Tradition and Living Magisterium

    The word tradition (Greek paradosis ) in the ecclesiastical sense, which is the only one in ...


    A philosophical system which makes tradition the supreme criterion and rule of certitude. ...


    Traducianism ( tradux , a shoot or sprout, and more specifically a vine branch made to take root ...


    Emperor of Rome (A.D. 98-117), b. at Italica Spain, 18 September, 53; d. 7 August, 117. He ...


    Titular metropolitan see of Rhodope. The city owes its foundation or restoration to Trajan. Le ...


    A titular see of Phrygia Pacatiana, suffragan of Laodicea. The only geographer who speaks ...


    A titular see, suffragan of Ephesus in Asia Minor. It was founded, it is said, by the Argians ...
    Trani and Barletta

    Trani and Barletta

    (T RANEN , et Barolen.) Diocese in Italy. The city of Trani is situated on the Adriatic in ...


    The terms transcendent and transcendental are used in various senses, all of which, as a ...


    A rectangular space inserted between the apse and nave in the early Christian basilica. It ...


    The Transfiguration of Christ is the culminating point of His public life, as His Baptism is ...
    Transfiguration of Christ, Feast of the

    Feast of the Transfiguration of Christ

    Observed on August 6 to commemorate the manifestation of the Divine glory recorded by St. ...

    The Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist

    In this article we shall consider: the fact of the Real Presence , which is, indeed, the central ...


    Vicariate apostolic ; lies between 23° 3' and 27° 30' S. lat., and 25° and 32° ...


    (Also TRANSYLVANIENSIS or ERDELY). Diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Kalocsa Bács. The ...


    (TREPANENSIS). Diocese in Sicily, suffragan of Palermo. The city is the capital of a ...


    A titular see in Phrygia Pacatiana, suffragan to Laodicea. Trapezopolis was a town of Caria ...


    The common name by which the Cistercians who follow the reform inaugurated by the Abbot de ...
    Trasilla and Emiliana, Saints

    Sts. Trasilla and Emiliana

    Aunts of St. Gregory the Great, virgins in the sixth century, given in the Roman Martyrology, ...
    Treason, Accusations of

    Accusations of Treason

    A common misrepresentation concerning the Elizabethan persecution of English and Irish Catholics ...


    (TRAPEZUNTINA). An Armenian Catholic diocese. The city owes its ancient name to the fact that ...


    A former abbey of Cistercian nuns, situated north of Breslau in Silesia. It was founded in ...
    Tredway, Lettice Mary

    Lettice Mary Tredway

    (Called "Lady" Tredway) Born 1595; died Oct., 1677; daughter of Sir Walter Tredway, of Buckley ...
    Tregian, Francis

    Francis Tregian

    Confessor, b. in Cornwall, 1548; d. at Lisbon, 25 Sept., 1608. He was son of Thomas Tregian of ...


    Titular see, suffragan of Salamis in Cyprus. The city is mentioned by Ptolemy (Geog., V, xiii, ...


    (TRIDENTUM; TRIDENTINA). Diocese ; suffragan of Salzburg. Trent became universally known ...
    Trent, Council of

    Council of Trent

    The nineteenth ecumenical council opened at Trent on 13 December, 1545, and closed there on 4 ...


    (T RENTONENSIS ). Diocese created 15 July, 1881, suffragan of New York, comprises Atlantic, ...
    Tresham, Sir Thomas

    Sir Thomas Tresham

    Knight Bachelor (in or before 1524), Grand Prior of England in the Order of Knights ...


    (TARVISINA). Diocese in Venetia (Northern Italy ). The capital is surrounded by the River ...
    Tribe, Jewish

    Jewish Tribe

    ( Phyle, tribus .) The earlier Hebrew term rendered in our English versions by the word ...
    Tricarico, Diocese of


    (TRICARICENSIS.) Located in the Province of Potenza in the Basilicata (Southern Italy ), near ...
    Tricassin, Charles Joseph

    Charles Joseph Tricassin

    One of the greatest theologians of the Capuchin Order, b. at Troyes ; d. in 1681. There is but ...


    Titular see, suffragan of Larissa in Thessaly. It was an ancient city of Thessaly, near the River ...
    Trichinopoly, Diocese of


    (TRICHINOPOLITAN.) Located in India, suffragan of Bombay, comprises the south east portion of ...


    (TRICHURENSIS.) Vicariate Apostolic in India, one of the three vicariates of the Syro-Malabar ...


    Titular see, suffragan of Caesarea in Palaestina Prima. It is mentioned in George of Cyprus ...


    (Three days). A time frequently chosen for prayer or for other devout practices, whether ...


    (TREVIRENSIS) Diocese ; suffragan of Cologne; includes in the Prussian province of the ...
    Triesnecker, Francis a Paula

    Francis a Paula Triesnecker

    Astronomer, b. at Kirchberg on the Wagram, in Lower Austria, 2 April, 1745; d. at Vienna 29 ...
    Triest-Capo d'Istria

    Triest-Capo d'Istria

    (TERGESTINA ET JUSTINOPOLITANA.) Suffragan diocese of Görz-Gradiska ; exists as a ...


    (TRINCOMALIENSIS.) Located in Ceylon, suffragan of Colombo, was created in 1893 by a division ...
    Trinità di Cava dei Tirrenti, Abbey of

    Abbey of Trinita di Cava Dei Tirreni

    Located in the Province of Salerno. It stands in a gorge of the Finestre Hills near Cava dei ...
    Trinitarians, Order of

    Order of Trinitarians

    The redemption of captives has always been regarded in the Church as a work of mercy, as is ...
    Trinity College

    Trinity College

    An institution for the higher education of Catholic women, located at Washington, D.C., and ...
    Trinity Sunday

    Trinity Sunday

    The first Sunday after Pentecost, instituted to honour the Most Holy Trinity. In the early ...
    Trinity, The Blessed

    The Blessed Trinity

    This article is divided as follows: I. Dogma of the Trinity; II. Proof of the Doctrine from ...


    A name given along with several others (e.g. reed, tricereo, arundo, triangulum, lumen Christi ...
    Trissino, Giangiorgio

    Giangiorgio Trissino

    Italian poet and scholar, b. of a patrician family at Vicenza in 1478; d. at Rome, 8 ...


    (TRITHEITES). Heretics who divide the Substance of the Blessed Trinity. (1) Those who are ...
    Trithemius, John

    John Trithemius

    A famous scholar and Benedictine abbot, b. at Trittenheim on the Moselle, 1 February, 1462; d. at ...


    (Triventensis) Diocese in southern Italy. The earliest bishop was St. Castus of an uncertain ...
    Trivet, Nicholas

    Nicholas Trivet

    (Or "Trevet" as he himself wrote it) B. about 1258; d. 1328. He was the son of Thomas Trevet, a ...


    A suffragan of Cyzicus in the Hellespont. The city was first called Sigia; it was enlarged and ...


    (Trocmada) Titular see of Galatia Secunda, suffragan of Pessinus. No geographer or historian ...
    Trokelowe, John de

    John de Trokelowe

    (THROWLOW, or THORLOW) A monastic chronicler still living in 1330, but the dates of whose birth ...
    Trondhjem, Ancient See of

    Ancient See of Trondhjem

    (NIDAROS). In Norway it was the kings who introduced Christianity, which first became ...


    Definition and Description Trope, in the liturgico-hymnological sense, is a collective name ...
    Tropology, Scriptural

    Scriptural Tropology

    The theory and practice of interpreting the figurative meaning of Holy Writ. The literal meaning, ...
    Troy, John Thomas

    John Thomas Troy

    Archbishop of Dublin ; b. in the parish of Blanchardstown, near Dublin, 10 May, 1739; d. at ...


    (TRECENSIS). Diocese comprising the Department of Aube. Re-established in 1802 as a suffragan ...
    Truce of God

    Truce of God

    The Truce of God is a temporary suspension of hostilities, as distinct from the Peace of God ...
    Truchsess von Waldburg, Otto

    Otto Truchsess von Waldburg

    Cardinal-Bishop of Augsburg (1543-73), b. at Castle Scheer in Swabia, 26 Feb., 1514; d. at ...
    Trudo, Saint

    St. Trudo

    (TRON, TROND, TRUDON, TRUTJEN, TRUYEN). Apostle of Hasbein in Brabant; d. 698 (693). Feast 23 ...
    Trudpert, Saint

    St. Trudpert

    Missionary in Germany in the seventh century. He is generally called a Celtic monk from ...
    True Cross, The

    The True Cross

    (AND REPRESENTATIONS OF IT AS OBJECTS OF DEVOTION). (1) Growth Of the Christian Cult ; (2) ...
    Trueba, Antonio de

    Antonio de Trueba

    Spanish poet and folklorist, b. at Montellana, Biscay, in 1821; d. at Bilbao, 10 March, 1889. In ...


    Diocese comprising the Departments of Lambayeque, Libertad, Pinra, and the Province of Tumbes, ...
    Trullo, Council in

    Council in Trullo

    This particular council of Constantinople, held in 692 under Justinian II, is generally known as ...
    Trumpets, Feast of

    Feast of Trumpets

    The first day of Tishri (October), the seventh month of the Hebrew year. Two trumpets are ...
    Trumwin, Saint

    Saint Trumwin

    (TRIUMWINI, TRUMUINI). Died at Whitby, Yorkshire, England, after 686. He was consecrated by ...
    Trustee System

    Trustee System

    I In the exercise of her inherent right of administering property, the Church often appoints ...
    Trusts and Bequests

    Trusts and Bequests

    A trust has been defined, in its technical sense, as the right enforceable solely in equity to ...


    Truth (Anglo-Saxon tréow, tryw, truth, preservation of a compact, from a Teutonic base ...
    Truth Societies, Catholic

    Catholic Truth Societies

    This article will treat of Catholic Truth Societies in the chronological order of their ...
    Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha

    Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha

    Martyrs whose feast is observed in the Latin Church on 10 November. Tryphon is said to have ...
    Tschiderer zu Gleifheim, Johann Nepomuk von

    Tschiderer Zu Gleifheim

    Bishop of Trent, b. at Bozen, 15 Feb., 1777; d. at Trent, 3 Dec., 1860. He sprang from a family ...
    Tschupick, John Nepomuk

    John Nepomuk Tschupick

    A celebrated preacher, b. at Vienna, 7 or 12 April, 1729; d. there, 20 July, 1784. He entered the ...


    (TUAMENSIS). The Archdiocese of Tuam, the metropolitan see of Connacht, extends, roughly ...
    Tuam, School of

    School of Tuam

    (Irish, Tuaim da Ghualann , or the "Mound of the two Shoulders"). The School of Tuam was ...


    A titular see in Mauretania Caesariensis, according to the "Gerachia cattolica", or in Numidia ...


    (T UCSONENSIS ). Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe. It comprises the State of ...


    (T UCUMANENSIS ). Suffragan to Buenos Aires, erected from the Diocese of Salta on 15 ...


    (TUTELÆ, TUTELENSIS). Diocese in Spain. The episcopal city has a population of 9213. ...


    (TUGUEGARAONENSIS). Diocese in the Philippines ; situated in the north-eastern section of ...


    (D E T ULANCINGO ). Diocese in the Mexican Republic, suffragan of Mexico. Its area is ...
    Tulasne, Louis-René

    Louis-Rene Tulasne

    A noted botanist, b. at Azay-le-Rideau, Dept of Indre-et-Loire, France, 12 Sept., 1815; d. at ...


    (TUTELENSIS). Diocese comprising the Department of Corrèze. It was suppressed by the ...


    By tunic is understood in general a vestment shaped like a sack, which has in the closed upper ...


    French protectorate on the northern coast of Africa. About the twelfth century before Christ ...


    (T UNQUENENSIS ). Diocese established in 1880 as a suffragan of Bogotá, in the ...


    ( German tunken , to dip) A Protestant sect thus named from its distinctive baptismal rite. ...
    Tunstall, Cuthbert

    Cuthbert Tunstall

    Bishop of London, later of Durham, b. at Hackforth, Yorkshire, in 1474; d. at Lambeth Palace, ...
    Tunstall, Venerable Thomas

    Ven. Thomas Tunstall

    Martyred at Norwich, 13 July, 1616. He was descended from the Tunstalls of Thurland, an ancient ...
    Tunsted, Simon

    Simon Tunsted

    English Minorite, b. at Norwich, year unknown; d. at Bruisyard, Suffolk, 1369. Having joined the ...
    Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques

    Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot

    Baron de L' Aulne, French minister, born at Parish, 10 May, 1727; died there, 20 March, 1781. ...


    (Turino; Taurinensis) The City of Turin is the chief town of a civil province in Piedmont and ...
    Turin, Shroud of

    The Shroud of Turin

    This name is primarily given to a relic now preserved at Turin, for which the claim is made that ...
    Turin, University of

    The University of Turin

    The University of Turin was founded in 1404, when the lectures at Piacenza and Pavia were ...


    I. CHINESE TURKESTAN When Jenghiz Khan died (1227) his second son, Djagatai, had the greater part ...
    Turkish Empire

    Turkish Empire

    Created in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries on the ruins of the Byzantine Empire, from the ...
    Turnebus, Adrian

    Adrian Turnebus

    Philologist, b. at Andely in Normandy in 1512; d. in Paris, 12 June, 1565. The accounts of the ...


    Archbishop of Reims, date of birth uncertain; d. 2 Sept., 800. He was a monk of St. Denis ...


    Tuscany, a division of central Italy, includes the provinces of Arezzo, Florence, Grosseto, ...


    (Tudensis.) Suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Santiago, comprises the civil provinces ...
    Twenge, Saint John

    St. John Twenge

    Last English saint canonized, canon regular, Prior of St. Mary's, Bridlington, b. near the ...
    Twiketal of Croyland

    Twiketal of Croyland

    (THURCYTEL, TURKETUL). Died July, 975. He was a cleric of royal descent, who is said to have ...


    A titular metropolitan see of Cappadocia Prima. The city must first have been called Thoana, ...

    St. Tychicus

    A disciple of St. Paul and his constant companion. He was a native of the Roman province of ...
    Tynemouth Priory

    Tynemouth Priory

    Tynemouth Priory, on the east coast of Northumberland, England, occupied the site of an earlier ...
    Types in Scripture

    Types in Scripture

    Types, though denoted by the Greek word typoi , are not coextensive with the meaning of this ...


    Tyrannicide literally is the killing of a tyrant, and usually is taken to mean the killing of a ...


    (TYRUS.) Melchite archdiocese and Maronite diocese. The city is called in Hebrew, Zor , ...
    Tyrie, James

    James Tyrie

    Theologian, b. at Drumkilbo, Perthshire, Scotland, 1543; d. at Rome, 27 May, 1597. Educated ...

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