Skip to content

Zucchetto

Free World Class Education
FREE Catholic Classes

( zucca , head).

The small, round skullcap of the ecclesiastic. The official name is pileolus; other designations are: berettino, calotte, subbiretum (because worn under the biretta ), submitrale (because worn under the mitre ), soli-deo. The pope's zucchetto is white, that of the cardinals red, even when the cardinal is a member of an order. Cardinals who had been secular priests received the red zucchetto and also the red biretta in 1464 from Paul II ; the cardinals taken from the regulars were granted both in 1591. If the newly-appointed cardinal is at Rome he receives the zucchetto from the Sotto-guardaroba as he leaves the throne room where he has received the mozetta, and biretta from the pope ; otherwise the zucchetto is brought to him, along with the decree of appointment, by one of the pope's Noble Guard. The pileolus of the bishops is violet, that of other ecclesiastics, including the prelates, unless a special privilege to wear violet is granted, black. Bishops and cardinals wear it at Mass, except during the Canon; other ecclesiastics may not wear it at Mass without special papal permission. However, according to a decision of the Sacred Congregation of Rites (23 September, 1837), a bishop also may not wear it while giving Benediction.

It cannot be said positively when the zucchetto became customary, but it was probably not before the thirteenth century. It appears on the cardinals in the fresco, "St. Francis before Honorius III ", painted about 1290 in the upper church of St. Francis at Assisi. It is seen also under the tiara in the effigy on the tomb of Clement VI (d. 1352) at La Chaise-Dieu. The figures on the several tombs of bishops of the fifteenth century in the Roman churches show the zucchetto under the mitre. In the "Ordo" of Jacobus Gajetanus (about 1311) the zucchetto is mentioned in connection with the hat of the cardinals (cap. cxviii), and with the mitre in the "Ordo" of Petrus Amelii (cap. cxliv.), which appeared about 1400. It is shown in the pictures and sculpture of the late Middle Ages sometimes as a round skullcap, sometimes as a cap that covers the back of the head and the ears. In this shape it was called camauro ; this designation was given especially to the red velvet cap of this kind bordered with ermin that was peculiar to the pope. There was great confusion as to the proper use of the zucchetto and hence the Sacred Congregation of Rites has delivered several decisions on the Subject ("Decr. auth. Congr. SS. Rit.", V, Rome 1901, 382).

More Volume: Z 78

Filter 78 entries by typing in the 'Search' box below. Click/Touch the letter below to view encyclopedia articles within that volume.

Article
Zádori, János

Janos Zadori

(DREXLER). Ecclesiastical writer, born at Katloez, County of Neutra, Hungary, 6 March, 1831; ...
Zängerle, Roman Sebastian

Roman Sebastian Zangerle

Prince- Bishop of Seekan, born at Ober-Kirchberg near Ulm, 20 January, 1771; died at Seekau, 27 ...
Zabarella, Francesco

Francesco Zabarella

Cardinal, celebrated canonist, born at Padua, 10 August, 1360; died at Constance, 26 September, ...
Zabulon

Zabulon

One of the twelve sons of Jacob and ancestor of the tribe of the same name ( Genesis 46:14 ; ...
Zacatecas

Zacatecas

(DE ZACATECAS). Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Guadalajara. Its area is ...
Zaccaria, Francesco Antonio

Francesco Antonio Zaccaria

Theologian, historian, and prolific writer, born at Venice, 27 March, 1714; died in Rome, 10 ...
Zacconi, Ludovico

Lucovico Zacconi

Musical theorist, born at Pesaro about 1550; died at Venice, after 1623. He became an ...
Zacharias

Zacharias

( Hebrew zekharyahu and zekharyah ; meaning " Yahweh remembers ", Sept. Zacharia and ...
Zacharias Chrysopolitanus

Zacharias Chrysopolitanus

A famous exegete of the Premonstratensian Order ; born at Chrysopolis ( Besançon ); ...
Zachary, Canticle of

The Benedictus

The Benedictus, given in Luke 1:68-79, is one of the three great canticles in the opening ...
Zachary, Pope Saint

Pope St. Zachary

(ZACHARIAS.) Reigned 741-52. Year of birth unknown; died in March, 752. Zachary sprang from a ...
Zahle and Forzol

Zahle and Forzol

A Greco-Melchite diocese. In the seventeenth, or perhaps in the sixteenth, century the diocese ...
Zakho

Zakho

A diocese of Chaldea. It corresponds to the ancient Diocese of Maalta, formerly a suffragan of ...
Zallinger zum Thurn, Jacob Anton

Jacob Anton Zallinger Zum Thurn

Philosopher and canonist, born at Bozen, 26 July, 1735, died there, 11 January, 1813. He studied ...
Zallwein, Gregor

Gregor Zallwein

Canonist, born at Oberviechtach, Oberpfalz, 20 October, 1712; died at Salzburg, 6 or 9 August, ...
Zalvidea, José Maria de

Jose Maria de Zalvidea

Born at Bilbao, Vizeaya, Spain, 2 March, 1780; d. in 1846. He became a Franciscan at the ...
Zama

Zama

Titular see of Numidia. There were two sees of this name: Zama Major and Zama Minor. Zama ...
Zambesi Mission

Zambesi Mission

The prefecture comprises all Rhodesia south of the Zambesi, that part of Bechuanaland which is ...
Zamboanga, Diocese of

Zamboanga

(ZAMBOANGENSIS). Philippine Islands. It includes the islands of Basilan, Camiguin, Dinagat, ...
Zamboni, Giuseppe

Giuseppe Zamboni

Priest and physicist, born at Venice, June, 1776; died there 25 July 1846. Shortly after ...
Zamora

Zamora

Vicariate Apostolic in South Ecuador, created 3 February, 1893, by Leo XIII. The second ...
Zamora

Zamora (Mexico)

(ZAMORENSIS). The Diocese of Zamora, located in the Republic of Mexico, comprises almost ...
Zamora

Zamora (Spain)

(ZAMORENSIS), suffragan of Valladolid. It is bounded on the north by Leon, on the east by ...
Zampieri, Domenico

Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri)

Properly DOMENICO ZAMPIERI. An Italian painter, born in Bologna, 21 Oct., 1581; died in ...
Zante

Zante

(ZACYNTHOS). This Greek diocese, the only suffragan of the Archdiocese of Corfu , is ...
Zantedeschi, Francesco

Francesco Zantedeschi

Priest and physicist, born 1797; died at Padua, 29 March, 1873. For some time Abate Zantedeschi ...
Zanzibar

Zanzibar

At a very remote unknown period the eastern coast of Africa was colonized by Asiatic nations, ...
Zapoteca Indians

Zapoteca Indians

A powerful and numerous Mexican tribe located chiefly in Oaxaca and Guerrero, forming with the ...
Zara

Zara

(JADERA). Located in Dalmatia. Zara has been a diocese since A.D. 381 and since 1146 an ...
Zarai

Zarai

Titular see of Numidia in Africa, mentioned by the "Itinerarium Antonini", 35, and by the "Tabula ...
Zarlino, Gioseffe

Gioseffe Zarlino

Italian musical theorist, born at Chioggia in 1517; died at Venice, 4 February, 1590. He ...
Zasius, Ulric

Ulric Zasius

A famous jurist, born at Constance in 1461; died at Freiburg, 24 Nov., 1536. After studying at ...
Zeal

Zeal

(From delos , a derivative of deo "to boil", to "throb with heat"), is "a necessary effect ...
Zegers, Nicholas Tacitus

Nicholas Tacitus Zegers

Famous exegete, born either at Diest or Brussels during the latter half of the fifteenth ...
Zela

Zela

Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Amasea in the Helenopontus. In pagan times the city, ...
Zell, Karl

Karl Zell

Statesman, philologist, and defender of the rights of the Church, b. at Mannheim, 8 April, 1793; ...
Zell, Ulrich

Ulrich Zell

Publisher, the first printer of Cologne, born at Hanau-on-the-Main, date unknown; died about ...
Zengg-Modrus

Zengg-Modrus

(SEGNIENSIS ET MOD-RUSIENSIS SEU CORBAVIENSIS). Located in Hungary ; suffragan of Agram. The ...
Zeno of Elea

Zeno of Elea

Greek philosopher, born at Elea, about 490 B.C. At his birthplace Xenophanes and Parmenides had ...
Zeno, Saint

St. Zeno

Entered in the Roman Martyrology on 12 April as a Bishop of Verona martyred under Gallienus. ...
Zenobius, Saint

St. Zenobius

Bishop of Florence and one of the patrons of that city, b. there in the latter part of the ...
Zenonopolis

Zenonopolis

Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Seleucia Trachaea in Isauria. The abbreviated form used ...
Zephaniah

Sophonias (Zephaniah)

The ninth of the twelve Minor Prophets of the Canon of the Old Testament ; preached and wrote ...
Zephyrinus, Pope Saint

Pope St. Zephyrinus

(Reigned 198-217). Date of birth unknown; died 20 Dec., 217. After the death of Pope Victor in ...
Zephyrium

Zephyrium

A titular see in Cilicia Prima, of Tarsus. Nothing is known of the history of Zephyrium, ...
Zeugma

Zeugma

A titular see of Syria, suffragan of Hierapolis, in the Province of the Euphratensis. The city ...
Zeuss, Johann Kaspar

Johann Kaspar Zeuss

Born at Vogtendorf, in Upper Franconia, 22 July, 1806; d. there, 10 Nov., 1856. He was the founder ...
Ziegelbauer, Magnoald

Magnoald Ziegelbauer

Historian, born at Ellwangen, Swabia, 1689; died at Olmütz, 14 January, 1750. He took vows ...
Ziegler, Gregorius Thomas

Gregorius Thomas Ziegler

Bishop of Linz, born at Kirchheim near Augsburg, 7 March, 1770; died at Linz, 15 April, 1852. ...
Zierikzee, Cornelius van

Cornelius van Zierikzee

Born at Zierikzee (whence he takes his surname), a town in the Province of Zeeland, Holland, ...
Zigliara, Tommaso Maria

Tommaso Maria Zigliara

( Baptismal name, FRANCESCO). Cardinal, theologian, and philosopher, b. at Bonifacio, a ...
Zimmer, Patrick Benedict

Patrick Benedict Zimmer

Philosopher and theologian, b. at Abtsgmund, Wurtenberg, 22 Feb., 1752; d. at Stenheim near ...
Zingarelli, Niccolò Antonio

Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli

Composer, born at Naples, 4 April, 1752; died at Torre del Greco, 5 May, 1837. Having studied at ...
Zingerle, Pius

Pius Zingerle

Celebrated Orientalist, born at Meran, in the Tyrol, 17 March, 1801; died at the Abbey of ...
Zionists

Zionists

Zionists are followers of the movement to segregate the Jewish people as a nation and to give it ...
Zionites

Zionites

A sect of visionary fanatics which flourished in the eighteenth century at Ronsdorf in the Duchy ...
Zips

Zips

(SZEPES; SCEPUSIENSIS). A diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Agria (Eger), founded by Maria ...
Zircz

Zircz

ZIRCENSIS or BOCCON. Cistercian abbey, situated in the Diocese of Veszprém , ...
Zita's Home for Friendless Women, Saint

St. Zita's Home For Friendless Women

Founded at 158 East 24th Street, New York, by Ellen O'Keefe (Mother Zita) in 1890. Born in County ...
Zita, Saint

St. Zita

Model and heavenly patroness of domestic servants, born early in the thirteenth century of a ...
Zoara

Zoara

A titular see of Palestina Tertia. It is the ancient Bala or Segor, one of the five cities of ...
Zoega, Jörgen

Jorgen Zoega

(GEORGE). Archaeologist and numismatist, born at Daler near Tönder, near the west coast ...
Zolkiewski, Stanislaus

Stanislaus Zolkiewski

Chancellor of Poland, born in Tuyrnka (Red Russia ), 1547; died at Cecora, 6 Oct., 1620. He ...
Zonaras, John

John Zonaras

Byzantine chronicler and canonist, lived from the latter part of the eleventh to about the ...
Zoque Indians

Zoque Indians

A Mexican tribe dwelling in the western part of Chipas, north of the Sierra Madre, and part of ...
Zosimus

Zosimus

Byzantine historian of the fifth and sixth century; dates of birth and death unknown. Nothing ...
Zosimus, Pope Saint

Pope St. Zosimus

(Reigned 417-18). Year of birth unknown; died 27 December, 418. After the death of Pope Innocent ...
Zuñi Indians

Zuni Indians

A Pueblo tribe residing at Zuñi on the bank of the Rio Zuñi near the boundary of ...
Zucchetto

Zucchetto

( zucca , head). The small, round skullcap of the ecclesiastic. The official name is ...
Zulia, Diocese of

Zulia

(Zuliensis.) Comprises the State of Zulia in the Republic of Venezuela. The Diocese of Zulia was ...
Zululand

Zululand

A territory in South Africa lying between 28° and 29° S. Latitude and inhabited by the ...
Zumárraga, Juan de

Juan de Zumarraga

Born at Durango in the Basque provinces in 1468; died in Mexico, 3 June, 1548. He entered the ...
Zurbaran, Francisco

Francisco Zurbaran

Born in the suburb of Fuente de Cantos in Estramadure, on the boundaries of Andalusia, Nov., ...
Zurich

Zurich

The capital of the Swiss canton of the same name which is the second largest and richest of the ...
Zurla, Giacinto Placido

Giacinto Placido Zurla

Cardinal Vicar of Rome, writer on medieval geography, born at Legnano, of noble parents, 2 ...
Zwettl

Cistercian Abbey of Zwettl

(CLARAVALLIS AUSTRIAE). A filiation of Heiligenkreuz, of the line of Morimond, situated in ...
Zwingli, Ulrich

Ulrich Zwingli

(Also, Huldreich ) Founder of the Reformation in Switzerland, born at Wildhaus in ...
Zwirner, Ernst Friedrich

Ernst Friedrich Zwirner

Architect, born at Jakobswalde in Silesia in 1802; died at Cologne in 1861. He studied at ...

Never Miss any Updates!

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers.

Catholic Online Logo

Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.

Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law.