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Titular see of Lycia, suffragan of Myra, formerly a large cornmercial town, opposite Rhodes. Founded perhaps by the Phoenicians, it received later a Dorian colony from Crete; a legend traces its foundation to Patarus, son of Apollo. Renowned for its wealth, it was more so for its temple of Apollo where the oracles of the god were rendered during the winter.
Ptolemy Philadelphus extended it, naming it Arsinoe. On his third missionary journey St. Paul embarked from here for Tyre ( Acts 21:1-3 ). The "Notitiæ Episcopatuum" mention it among the suffragans of Myra as late as the thirteenth century. Le Quien (Oriens christianus, I, 977) names seven bishops :
- St. Methodius, more probably Bishop of Olympus ;
- Eudemus, at Nicæa, 325;
- Eutychianus, at Seleucia, 359;
- Eudemus, at Constantinople, 381;
- Cyrinus, at Chalcedon, 451, signed the letter of the bishops of Lycia to Emperor Leo, 458;
- Licinius, at Constantinople, 536;
- Theodulus, at the Photian Council of Constantinople, 879.
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