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Yves Marie André

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Mathematician, b. 22 May, 1675, at Chateaulin, in Lower Brittany; d. at Caen, 25 February, 1764. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1693. Although distinguished in his scholastic studies, he was, on account of his Gallicanism, Cartesianism, and Jansenism, assigned to scientific studies and made royal professor of mathematics at Caen where he remained for thirty-nine years. A literary essay on "The Beautiful" won him great fame, and is considered a classic. During his lifetime the Society was suppressed, and the philosophical and religious errors which he could not express as a Jesuit were openly espoused when he was secularized. He condemned his former associates for their action against Cardinal de Noailles, and was a strong anti-Ultramontane. He was intimately associated with Malebranche, and kept up an extensive correspondence with him. While in the Society his Gallicanism and Jansenism made it impossible to appoint him to any responsible office. He obstinately refused to change his views. On the suppression of the Society he withdrew to the Canons Regular of Caen, and the Parliament of Rouen provided him with a pension. Although his best work by far is his "Essay on the Beautiful", there is considerable ability in his "Traité de l'homme". He wrote a poem on the "Art of Conversation", which was translated into English in 1777. Several posthumous works were published, among which was one with the curious title, "Man as a static Machine; a Hydraulic Machine; a Pneumatic Machine; and a Chemical Machine". Though the work was never found, it is pretty certain that he wrote a "A Life of Malebranche". Victor Cousin had much to do with publishing the posthumous letters of Father André, to whom we owe as many as eighteen works, some of them in folio, on metaphysics, hydrography, optics, physics, civil and military architecture, along with treatises on literary subjects, sermons, catechetical instructions, etc.

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Yahweh

Jehovah (Yahweh)

The proper name of God in the Old Testament ; hence the Jews called it the name by ...
Yakima Indians

Yakima Indians

A Shahaptian tribe formerly dwelling on the banks of the Columbia, the Wénatchee, and ...
Yamasee Indians

Yamasee Indians

A tribe of Muskhogean stock, mentioned frequently in the history of South Carolina, residing ...
Yaqui Indians

Yaqui Indians

A tribe of Cahita stock, formerly dwelling near the Rio Yaqui, and now dispersed throughout ...
Yazoo Indians

Yazoo Indians

A small tribe formerly living on the lower course of Yazoo River, Mississippi, in close ...
Yellow Knives

Yellow Knives

A sub-arctic Déné tribe, called the Copper Indians by Hearne and other early English ...
Yom Kippur

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

( Hebrew Yom Hakkippurim . Vulgate, Dies Expiationum , and Dies Propitiationis — ...
York, Ancient See of

Ancient See of York

(EBORACENSIS). The seat of metropolitan jurisdiction for the northern province. It is not ...
York, Cardinal of

Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart

Cardinal, Duke of York, known by the Jacobites as "Henry IX, King of Great Britain, France, ...
York, Use of

Use of York

It was a received principle in medieval canon law that while as regards judicial matters, as ...
Youghal

Youghal

The Wardenship of Youghal, in the Diocese of Cloyne, was founded by Thomas, Eighth Earl of ...
Young Men's Institute

The Young Men's Institute

A Catholic fraternal organization, founded on 4 March, 1883, at San Francisco, California. The ...
Youville, Marie-Marguérite d'

Marie-Marguerite d'Youville

( née Dufrost de Lajemmerais). Foundress of the Gray Nuns, or Sisters of Charity, ...
Ysambert, Nicolas

Nicolas Ysambert

Theologian, born at Orléans in 1565 of 1569; died at Paris, 14 May, 1642. He studied ...
Yucatán, Archdiocese of

Yucatan

(YUCATANENSIS). Located in the Republic of Mexico ; Campeche and Tabasco are its ...
Yukon, Prefecture Apostolic of

Yukon

Occupies the extreme northwestern portion of the Dominion of Canada. It extends from 54 degrees ...
Yun-nan

Yun-Nan

The Mission of Yun-nan includes the whole Province of Yun-nan which is situated in the ...
Yuracaré Indians

Yuracare Indians

A Bolivian tribe living between Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Cochabamba in the wooded regions ...
Yves of Chartres, Saint

ST. IVO (YVES) OF CHARTRES

(YVO, YVES). One of the most notable bishops of France at the time of the Investiture ...
Yves, Saint

St. Ives (Yves)

(St. Yves) St. Ives, born at Kermartin, near Tréguier, Brittany, 17 October, 1253; died ...

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