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Zacatecas

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(DE ZACATECAS).

Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Guadalajara. Its area is almost he same as that of the State of Zacatecas. Its population (1910) 475,863. The bishop and governor of the state reside in Zacatecas, which has 25,905 inhabitants (census of 1910), situated 2442 metres of above sea level. This territory was conquered and peopled by the Spanish between 1546 and 1548. The first parish, founded in 1569, belonged to the See of Guadalajara. The following orders established themselves in this famous mineral region: Franciscans in 1567; Augustinians, 1576; Dominicans, 1604; Order of St. John, 1610; Jesuits, 1616; and Mercedarians, 1701. The famous College of the Propagation of the Faith, founded by the Venerable Father Margil, and inaugurated, 4 May, 1721, sent out missionaries to Texas, to the French in Louisiana, and to Tamaulipas (1768), and took charge of various missions abandoned by the Jesuits, when expelled from Tarahumara and Lower California. When, in 1836, the Mexican Government asked that a bishopric be created at San Francisco , California, Francisco Garcia Diego of this college was consecrated first bishop in 1849. During the religious persecution in 1859 all the religious of the college were imprisoned, and all priests who denied absolution to those who had given their oath to the constitution of 1857, were liable to punishment; the few priests in the town hastily fled. The Diocese of Zacatecas was created from parishes of Guadalajara by Pius IX in 1863, and became suffragan of Guadalajara. It has: 2 seminaries with 101 students; 144 parochial schools, 19 colleges with about 7000 students. Protestants have 3 colleges with 55 students and 9 churches. The cathedral was begun in 1612 and completed in 1782. Its façade is of red stone, elegant, severe, and grandiose. On the hill known as the Bufa, on the outskirts of Zacatecas, is the venerated sanctuary of Nuestra Senora de los Remedios.

More Volume: Z 78

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Zádori, János

Janos Zadori

(DREXLER). Ecclesiastical writer, born at Katloez, County of Neutra, Hungary, 6 March, 1831; ...
Zängerle, Roman Sebastian

Roman Sebastian Zangerle

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Zabarella, Francesco

Francesco Zabarella

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Zabulon

Zabulon

One of the twelve sons of Jacob and ancestor of the tribe of the same name ( Genesis 46:14 ; ...
Zacatecas

Zacatecas

(DE ZACATECAS). Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Guadalajara. Its area is ...
Zaccaria, Francesco Antonio

Francesco Antonio Zaccaria

Theologian, historian, and prolific writer, born at Venice, 27 March, 1714; died in Rome, 10 ...
Zacconi, Ludovico

Lucovico Zacconi

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Zacharias

Zacharias

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Zacharias Chrysopolitanus

Zacharias Chrysopolitanus

A famous exegete of the Premonstratensian Order ; born at Chrysopolis ( Besançon ); ...
Zachary, Canticle of

The Benedictus

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Zachary, Pope Saint

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Zahle and Forzol

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Zakho

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Zallinger zum Thurn, Jacob Anton

Jacob Anton Zallinger Zum Thurn

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Zallwein, Gregor

Gregor Zallwein

Canonist, born at Oberviechtach, Oberpfalz, 20 October, 1712; died at Salzburg, 6 or 9 August, ...
Zalvidea, José Maria de

Jose Maria de Zalvidea

Born at Bilbao, Vizeaya, Spain, 2 March, 1780; d. in 1846. He became a Franciscan at the ...
Zama

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Zambesi Mission

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Zamboanga, Diocese of

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Zamboni, Giuseppe

Giuseppe Zamboni

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Zamora

Zamora

Vicariate Apostolic in South Ecuador, created 3 February, 1893, by Leo XIII. The second ...
Zamora

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Zamora

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(ZAMORENSIS), suffragan of Valladolid. It is bounded on the north by Leon, on the east by ...
Zampieri, Domenico

Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri)

Properly DOMENICO ZAMPIERI. An Italian painter, born in Bologna, 21 Oct., 1581; died in ...
Zante

Zante

(ZACYNTHOS). This Greek diocese, the only suffragan of the Archdiocese of Corfu , is ...
Zantedeschi, Francesco

Francesco Zantedeschi

Priest and physicist, born 1797; died at Padua, 29 March, 1873. For some time Abate Zantedeschi ...
Zanzibar

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Zapoteca Indians

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A powerful and numerous Mexican tribe located chiefly in Oaxaca and Guerrero, forming with the ...
Zara

Zara

(JADERA). Located in Dalmatia. Zara has been a diocese since A.D. 381 and since 1146 an ...
Zarai

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Titular see of Numidia in Africa, mentioned by the "Itinerarium Antonini", 35, and by the "Tabula ...
Zarlino, Gioseffe

Gioseffe Zarlino

Italian musical theorist, born at Chioggia in 1517; died at Venice, 4 February, 1590. He ...
Zasius, Ulric

Ulric Zasius

A famous jurist, born at Constance in 1461; died at Freiburg, 24 Nov., 1536. After studying at ...
Zeal

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Zegers, Nicholas Tacitus

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Zela

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Zell, Karl

Karl Zell

Statesman, philologist, and defender of the rights of the Church, b. at Mannheim, 8 April, 1793; ...
Zell, Ulrich

Ulrich Zell

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Zengg-Modrus

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Zeno of Elea

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Greek philosopher, born at Elea, about 490 B.C. At his birthplace Xenophanes and Parmenides had ...
Zeno, Saint

St. Zeno

Entered in the Roman Martyrology on 12 April as a Bishop of Verona martyred under Gallienus. ...
Zenobius, Saint

St. Zenobius

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Zenonopolis

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Zephaniah

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Zephyrinus, Pope Saint

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Zephyrium

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Zeugma

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A titular see of Syria, suffragan of Hierapolis, in the Province of the Euphratensis. The city ...
Zeuss, Johann Kaspar

Johann Kaspar Zeuss

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Ziegelbauer, Magnoald

Magnoald Ziegelbauer

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Ziegler, Gregorius Thomas

Gregorius Thomas Ziegler

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Zierikzee, Cornelius van

Cornelius van Zierikzee

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Zigliara, Tommaso Maria

Tommaso Maria Zigliara

( Baptismal name, FRANCESCO). Cardinal, theologian, and philosopher, b. at Bonifacio, a ...
Zimmer, Patrick Benedict

Patrick Benedict Zimmer

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Zingarelli, Niccolò Antonio

Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli

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Zingerle, Pius

Pius Zingerle

Celebrated Orientalist, born at Meran, in the Tyrol, 17 March, 1801; died at the Abbey of ...
Zionists

Zionists

Zionists are followers of the movement to segregate the Jewish people as a nation and to give it ...
Zionites

Zionites

A sect of visionary fanatics which flourished in the eighteenth century at Ronsdorf in the Duchy ...
Zips

Zips

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Zircz

Zircz

ZIRCENSIS or BOCCON. Cistercian abbey, situated in the Diocese of Veszprém , ...
Zita's Home for Friendless Women, Saint

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Zita, Saint

St. Zita

Model and heavenly patroness of domestic servants, born early in the thirteenth century of a ...
Zoara

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A titular see of Palestina Tertia. It is the ancient Bala or Segor, one of the five cities of ...
Zoega, Jörgen

Jorgen Zoega

(GEORGE). Archaeologist and numismatist, born at Daler near Tönder, near the west coast ...
Zolkiewski, Stanislaus

Stanislaus Zolkiewski

Chancellor of Poland, born in Tuyrnka (Red Russia ), 1547; died at Cecora, 6 Oct., 1620. He ...
Zonaras, John

John Zonaras

Byzantine chronicler and canonist, lived from the latter part of the eleventh to about the ...
Zoque Indians

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Zosimus

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Zosimus, Pope Saint

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Zucchetto

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Zulia, Diocese of

Zulia

(Zuliensis.) Comprises the State of Zulia in the Republic of Venezuela. The Diocese of Zulia was ...
Zululand

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A territory in South Africa lying between 28° and 29° S. Latitude and inhabited by the ...
Zumárraga, Juan de

Juan de Zumarraga

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Zurbaran, Francisco

Francisco Zurbaran

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Zurich

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Zurla, Giacinto Placido

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Cistercian Abbey of Zwettl

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Zwingli, Ulrich

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Ernst Friedrich Zwirner

Architect, born at Jakobswalde in Silesia in 1802; died at Cologne in 1861. He studied at ...

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