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Imitation of Christ

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A work of spiritual devotion, also sometimes called the "Following of Christ". Its purpose is to instruct the soul in Christian perfection with Christ as the Divine Model. It consists of a series of counsels of perfection written in Latin in a familiar and even colloquial style, and is divided into four parts or books:

  • Useful admonitions for a spiritual life,
  • Admonitions concerning spiritual things;
  • Of interior consolation;
  • Of the Blessed Sacrament.
  • With the exception of the Bible , it is perhaps the most widely read spiritual book in the world. It was first published anonymously in A.D. 1418. Its authorship has been disputed, being attributed to various spiritual writers: St. Bernard, St. Bonaventure , Innocent III, Henry of Kalkar, John à Kempis, Walter Hilton, Jean Charlier de Gerson, and Giovanni Gersen. The claim of Thomas à Kempis has been completely vindicated in recent years. For details as regards the authorship and the nature of the work itself see THOMAS À KEMPIS.

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    Article
    Ibagué

    Ibague

    (IBAGUENSIS) Suffragan of Bogotá, in the Republic of Colombia, South America. Owing to ...
    Ibar, Saint

    St. Ibar

    A pre- Patrician Irish saint, who laboured in the present County Wexford from 425 to 450, ...
    Ibarra

    Ibarra

    (IBARRENSIS) Diocese in Southern Ecuador, suffragan of Quito, created by Pius IX , 29 ...
    Ibas

    Ibas

    (Syriac IHIBA or HIBA, i.e. DONATUS) Elected Bishop of Edessa in 439 as successor of ...
    Iberville, Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'

    Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville

    Founder of the colony of Louisiana, b. at Villemarie, Montreal, 16 July, 1661; d. at Havana, 9 ...
    Ibora

    Ibora

    A titular see in the Province of Helenopont, suffragan of Amasia. The primitive name of the ...
    Iceland

    Iceland

    The island called Iceland, which, though really a part of America, is considered, because of its ...
    Ichthys (Fish), Symbolism of the

    Symbolism of the Fish

    Among the symbols employed by the primitive Christians, that of the fish ranks probably first in ...
    Iconium

    Iconium

    A titular see of Lycaonia. Xenophon (Anab., I, ii, 19) says that it is the easternmost town of ...
    Iconoclasm

    Iconoclasm

    Iconoclasm ( Eikonoklasmos , "Image-breaking") is the name of the heresy that in the eighth ...
    Iconography, Christian

    Christian Iconography

    The science of the description, history, and interpretation of the traditional representations ...
    Iconostasis

    Iconostasis

    (Gr. eikonostasion, eidonostasis , picture screen, from eikon , image, picture, and histemi ...
    Idaho

    Idaho

    (Probably from an Arapahoe Indian word, "Gem of the Mountains"), the name first suggested for the ...
    Idatius of Lemica

    Hydatius of Lemica

    ( Also IDATIUS; LEMICA is more correctly LIMICA.) A chronicler and bishop, born at the end ...
    Idea

    Idea

    (Latin idea, forma, species; Greek idea , eidos , from idein , to see; French ...
    Idealism

    Idealism

    In discussing this term and its meaning, reference must be had to the cognate expressions, ...
    Ideas, Association of

    Association of Ideas

    (1) A principle in psychology to account for the succession of mental states; (2) the basis ...
    Idioms, Communication of

    Communicatio Idiomatum (Communication of Idioms)

    ("Communication of Idioms"). A technical expression in the theology of the Incarnation. It ...
    Idiota

    Idiota

    (RAYMUNDUS JORDANUS) The nom de plume of an ancient, learned, and pious writer whose ...
    Idolatry

    Idolatry

    (Greek eidololatria .) Idolatry etymologically denotes Divine worship given to an image, ...
    Idumea

    Idumea

    The country inhabited by the descendants of Edom. The word Idumea is the græcized form ...
    Iglesias de la Casa, José

    Jose Iglesias de la Casa

    A Spanish of the coterie gathered about Meléndez, Valdés, born at Salamanca, 31 ...
    Iglesias, Diocese of

    Iglesias

    (ECCLESIENSIS) A suffragan of Cagliari in Sardinia. The city of Iglesias is situated near ...
    Ignacio de Azevedo, Blessed

    Bl. Ignacio de Azevedo

    Born at Oporto, Portugal, 1528; died near Palma, one of the Canary Islands, 15 July, 1570. He ...
    Ignatius Loyola, Saint

    St. Ignatius Loyola

    Youngest son of Don Beltrán Yañez de Oñez y Loyola and Marina Saenz de Lieona ...
    Ignatius of Antioch, Saint

    St. Ignatius of Antioch

    Also called Theophorus ( ho Theophoros ); born in Syria, around the year 50; died at Rome ...
    Ignatius of Constantinople, Saint

    St. Ignatius of Constantinople

    Born about 799; died 23 October, 877; son of Emperor Michael I and Procopia. His name, originally ...
    Igneus, Blessed Peter

    Blessed Peter Igneus

    (Peter Aldobrandini.) An Italian monk of the Benedictine congregation of the ...
    Ignorance

    Ignorance

    ( Latin in , not, and gnarus , knowing) Ignorance is lack of knowledge about a thing in a ...
    IHS

    IHS Monogram

    A monogram of the name of Jesus Christ . From the third century the names of our Saviour are ...
    Ildephonsus, Saint

    St. Ildephonsus

    Archbishop of Toledo; died 23 January, 667. He was born of a distinguished family and was a ...
    Illegitimacy

    Illegitimacy

    As generally defined, and as understood in this article, illegitimacy denotes the condition of ...
    Illinois

    Illinois

    One of the United States of America , bounded on the north by Wisconsin, on the west by the ...
    Illinois Indians

    Illinois Indians

    (Illinois, through the French, from Illini-wek, i.e., men ; the name used by themselves). An ...
    Illtyd, Saint

    St. Illtyd

    (Or ILTUTUS.) Flourished in the latter part of the fifth and beginning of the sixth century, ...
    Illuminated Manuscripts

    Illuminated Manuscripts

    I. ORIGIN A large number of manuscripts are covered with painted ornaments which may be ...
    Illuminati

    Illuminati

    The name assumed by the members of a secret society founded by Adam Weishaupt in 1776. ...
    Illuminati

    Illuminati

    (Alumbrados.) The name assumed by some false mystics who appeared in Spain in the sixteenth ...
    Illuminative Way

    State Or Way (Purgative, Illuminative, Unitive)

    The word state is used in various senses by theologians and spiritual writers. It may be ...
    Illyria

    Illyria

    A district of the Balkan Peninsula, which has varied in extent at different periods. To the Greek ...
    Iltutus, Saint

    St. Illtyd

    (Or ILTUTUS.) Flourished in the latter part of the fifth and beginning of the sixth century, ...
    Images, Veneration of

    Veneration of Images

    I. IMAGES IN THE OLD TESTAMENT The First Commandment would seem absolutely to forbid the making ...
    Imagination

    Imagination

    ITS NATURE Imagination is the faculty of representing to oneself sensible objects independently ...
    Imbonati, Carlo Giuseppe

    Carlo Giuseppe Imbonati

    Cistercian of the Reform of St. Bernard, orientalist, biographer, theologian ; born at Milan ; ...
    Imhof, Maximus von

    Maximus von Imhof

    German physicist, born 26 July, 1758, at Rissbach, in Bavaria ; died 11 April, 1817 at ...
    Imitation of Christ

    Imitation of Christ

    A work of spiritual devotion, also sometimes called the "Following of Christ". Its purpose is to ...
    Immaculate Conception

    Immaculate Conception

    The doctrine In the Constitution Ineffabilis Deus of 8 December, 1854, Pius IX pronounced ...
    Immaculate Conception, Congregation of the

    Congregation of the Immaculate Conception

    I. Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady (The Conceptionists). Founded in 1484 ...
    Immanence

    Immanence

    ( Latin in manere , to remain in) Immanence is the quality of any action which begins and ...
    Immanuel

    Emmanuel

    Emmanual ( Septuagint Emmanouel ; A.V., Immanuel ) signifies " God with us" ( Matthew 1:23 ), ...
    Immortality

    Immortality

    ( Latin, in, mortalis; German, Unsterblichkeit ) By immortality is ordinarily understood ...
    Immunity

    Immunity

    ( Latin immunitas ). Immunity means an exemption from a legal obligation ( munus ), ...
    Imola

    Imola

    (Imolensis) Diocese ; suffragan of Bologna. The city is located on the Santerno, and was ...
    Imola, Innocenzo di Pietro Francucci da

    Innocenzo di Pietro Francucci da Imola

    Italian painter ; b. at Imola, c. 1494; d. at Bologna, c. 1550. When but twelve years of age he ...
    Impanation

    Impanation

    An heretical doctrine according to which Christ is in the Eucharist through His human body ...
    Impediments, Canonical

    Canonical Impediments

    I. GENERAL NOTION OF AN IMPEDIMENT The Latin word impedimentum signifies directly whatever ...
    Imperative, Categorical

    Categorical Imperative

    A term which originated in Immanuel Kant'sethics. It expresses the moral law as ultimately ...
    Imperfect Contrition

    Attrition

    Attrition or Imperfect Contrition (Latin attero , "to wear away by rubbing"; p. part. ...
    Imposition of Hands

    Imposition of Hands

    A symbolical ceremony by which one intends to communicate to another some favour, quality or ...
    Impostors

    Imposters

    Under this heading we may notice a certain number of objectionable characters who, while not of ...
    Improperia

    Improperia

    The Improperia are the reproaches which in the liturgy of the Office of Good Friday the Saviour ...
    In Cœna Domini

    In Coena Domini

    A papal Bull, so called from the feast on which it was annually published in Rome, viz, the ...
    In Commendam

    In Commendam

    A phrase used in canon law to designate a certain manner of collating an ecclesiastical benefice ...
    In Partibus Infidelium

    In Partibus Infidelium

    (Often shortened to in partibus , or abbreviated as i.p.i. ). A term meaning "in the lands ...
    In Petto

    In Petto

    An Italian translation of the Latin in pectore , "in the breast", i.e. in the secret of the ...
    Incardination and Excardination

    Incardination and Excardination

    (Latin cardo, a pivot, socket, or hinge--hence, incardinare, to hang on a hinge, or fix; ...
    Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament, Order of the

    Order of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament

    Founded in the early part of the seventeenth century by Jeanne Chezard de Matel. The illustrious ...
    Incarnate Word, Sisters of Charity of the

    Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word

    This congregation, with simple vows, was founded by Rt. Rev. C.M. Dubuis, Bishop of Galveston. ...
    Incarnation, The

    The Incarnation

    I. The Fact of the Incarnation(1) The Divine Person of Jesus ChristA. Old Testament ProofsB. New ...
    Incense

    Incense

    ( Latin thus , Gr. thumiama ), an aromatic substance which is obtained from certain resinous ...
    Incest

    Incest

    (Latin in , not, and castus , chaste). Incest is sexual intercourse between those who are ...
    Inchbald, Elizabeth

    Elizabeth Inchbald

    Novelist, dramatist, and actress; b. at Staningfield, near Bury St. Edmunds, 15 Oct., 1753; d. at ...
    Incorporation of Church Property, Civil

    Civil Incorporation of Church Property

    Christianity at its very beginning, found the concept of the corporation well developed under ...
    Index of Prohibited Books

    Index of Prohibited Books

    The Index of Prohibited Books, or simply "Index", is used in a restricted sense to signify the ...
    India

    India

    In popular language the name "India", in its widest extension, is taken to include British India ...
    Indian Missions, Bureau of Catholic

    Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions

    An institution originated (1874) by J. Roosevelt Bailey, Archbishop of Baltimore, for the ...
    Indiana

    Indiana

    Indiana, one of the United States of America , the nineteenth in point of admission, lies between ...
    Indianapolis

    Indianapolis

    (INDIANAOLITANA) Diocese ; suffragan of Cincinnati, established as the Diocese of Vincennes ...
    Indians, American

    American Indians

    GENERAL When Columbus landed on the island of San Salvador in 1492 he was welcomed by a ...
    Indies, Patriarchate of the East

    Patriarchate of the East Indies

    In consequence of an agreement between the Holy See and the Portuguese Government in 1886, ...
    Indifferentism, Religious

    Religious Indifferentism

    The term given, in general, to all those theories, which, for one reason or another, deny that ...
    Individual, Individuality

    Individual, Individuality

    (Latin individuum; German Einzeln; French individuel ) An individual being is defined by ...
    Individualism

    Individualism

    A comprehensive and logical definition of this term is not easy to obtain. Individualism is not ...
    Indo-China

    Indo-China

    Indo-China, the most easterly of the three great peninsulas of Southern Asia, is bounded on the ...
    Induction

    Induction

    I. Induction and Deduction II. Scientific Induction III. Rational Foundations and Scope of ...
    Indulgences

    Indulgences

    The word indulgence ( Latin indulgentia , from indulgeo , to be kind or tender) originally ...
    Indulgences, Apostolic

    Apostolic Indulgences

    The indulgences known as Apostolic or Apostolical are those which the Roman pontiff, the ...
    Indult, Pontifical

    Pontifical Indult

    ( Latin Indultum , found in Roman Law, bk. I, Cod. Theodos. 3, 10. and 4, 15: V, 15, 2; ...
    Ine, Saint

    St. Ine

    (Ini or Ina). King of West Saxons, d. 728. He was a son of the underking Cenred and ascended ...
    Infallibility

    Infallibility

    In general , exemption or immunity from liability to error or failure; in particular in ...
    Infamy

    Infamy

    ( Latin in , not, and fama , fame.) Infamy is loss of a good name. When this has been ...
    Infanticide

    Infanticide

    Child-murder; the killing of an infant before or after birth. According to the French Criminal ...
    Infessura, Stefano

    Stefano Infessura

    Born at Rome about 1435; died about 1500. He devoted himself to the study of law, took the ...
    Infidels

    Infidels

    (Latin in , privative, and fidelis .) As in ecclesiastical language those who by ...
    Infinity

    Infinity

    (Latin infinitas; in, not, finis , the end, the boundary). Infinity is a concept of the ...
    Infralapsarians

    Infralapsarians

    ( Latin, infra lapsum , after the fall). The name given to a party of Dutch Calvinists in ...
    Ingen-Housz, Jan

    Jan Ingen-Housz

    Investigator of the physiology of plants, physicist, and physician, b. at Breda in North Brabant, ...
    Inghirami, Giovanni

    Giovanni Inghirami

    Italian astronomer, b. at Volterra, Tuscany, 16 April, 1779; d. at Florence, 15 August, 1851. He ...
    Ingleby, Venerable Francis

    Ven. Francis Ingleby

    English martyr, born about 1551; suffered at York on Friday, 3 June, 1586 (old style). According ...
    Ingolstadt, University of

    University of Ingolstadt

    The University of Ingolstadt (1472-1800), was founded by Louis the Rich, Duke of Bavaria. The ...
    Ingram, Venerable John

    Ven. John Ingram

    English martyr, born at Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, in 1565; executed at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 26 ...
    Ingres, Jean-Auguste Dominique

    Jean-Auguste Dominique Ingres

    French painter, b. at Montauban, 29 August, 1780; d. at Paris, 14 January, 1867. His father sent ...
    Ingulf

    Ingulf

    Abbot of Croyland, Lincolnshire; d. there 17 December 1109. he is first heard of as secretary to ...
    Ingworth, Richard of

    Richard of Ingworth

    (INGEWRTHE, INDEWURDE). Franciscan preacher who flourished about 1225. He first appears among ...
    Injustice

    Injustice

    ( Latin in, privative, and jus, right). Injustice, in the large sense, is a contradiction ...
    Innocent I, Pope

    Pope Innocent I

    Date of birth unknown; died 12 March, 417. Before his elevation to the Chair of Peter, very ...
    Innocent II, Pope

    Pope Innocent II

    (Gregorio Papereschi) Elected 14 Feb., 1130; died 24 Sept., 1143. He was a native of Rome and ...
    Innocent III, Pope

    Pope Innocent III

    (Lotario de' Conti) One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of ...
    Innocent IV, Pope

    Pope Innocent IV

    (Sinibaldo de' Fieschi) Count of Lavagna, born at Genoa, date unknown; died at Naples, 7 ...
    Innocent IX, Pope

    Pope Innocent IX

    (Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti) Born at Bologna, 22 July, 1519; elected, 29 October, 1591; died ...
    Innocent V, Blessed Pope

    Pope Innocent V

    (PETRUS A TARENTASIA) Born in Tarentaise, towards 1225; elected at Arezzo, 21 January, ...
    Innocent VI, Pope

    Pope Innocent VI

    (ETIENNE AUBERT) Born at Mont in the Diocese of Limoges ( France ); elected at Avignon, 18 ...
    Innocent VII, Pope

    Pope Innocent VII

    (Cosimo de' Migliorati) Born of humble parents at Sulmona, in the Abruzzi, about 1336; died ...
    Innocent VIII, Pope

    Pope Innocent VIII

    (Giovanni Battista Cibò) Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, ...
    Innocent X, Pope

    Pope Innocent X

    (Giambattista Pamfili) Born at Rome, 6 May, 1574; died there, 7 January, 1655. His parents ...
    Innocent XI, Pope

    Pope Innocent XI

    (Benedetto Odescalchi) Born at Como, 16 May, 1611; died at Rome, 11 August, 1689. He was ...
    Innocent XII, Pope

    Pope Innocent XII

    (ANTONIO PIGNATELLI) Born at Spinazzolo near Naples, 13 March, 1615; died at Rome, 27 ...
    Innocent XIII, Pope

    Pope Innocent XIII

    (Michelangelo Dei Conti) Born at Rome, 13 May, 1655; died at the same place, 7 March, 1724. ...
    Innsbruck University

    University of Innsbruck

    Innsbruck University, officially the ROYAL IMPERIAL LEOPOLD FRANCIS UNIVERSITY IN INNSBRUCK, ...
    Inquisition

    Inquisition

    ( Latin inquirere , to look to). By this term is usually meant a special ecclesiastical ...
    Inquisition, Canonical

    Canonical Inquisition

    Canonical Inquisition is either extra-judicial or judicial: the former might be likened to a ...
    Insane, Asylums and Care for the

    Asylums and Care For the Insane

    During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries hospital care of the sick of all kinds and ...
    Insanity

    Insanity

    All writers on this subject confess their inability to frame a strictly logical or a completely ...
    Inscriptions, Early Christian

    Early Christian Inscriptions

    Inscriptions of Christian origin form, as non-literary remains, a valuable source of information ...
    Inspiration of the Bible

    Inspiration of the Bible

    The subject will be treated in this article under the four heads: I. Belief in Inspired books; ...
    Installation

    Installation

    ( Latin installare , to put into a stall). This word, strictly speaking, applies to the ...
    Instinct

    Instinct

    DEFINITIONS In both popular and scientific literature the term instinct has been given such a ...
    Institute of Mary

    Institute of Mary

    The official title of the second congregation founded by Mary Ward. Under this title Barbara ...
    Institute of Mission Helpers of the Sacred Heart

    Institute of Mission Helpers of the Sacred Heart

    In the autumn of 1888, there came to Baltimore, Maryland, a convert, Mrs. Hartwell, who previous ...
    Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Irish

    Irish Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    Founded by Frances Mary Teresa Ball , under the direction and episcopal jurisdiction of the ...
    Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools

    Christian Brothers

    NATURE AND OBJECT The Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools is a society of male ...
    Institutes, Roman Historical

    Roman Historical Institutes

    Collegiate bodies established at Rome by ecclesiastical or civil authority for the purpose of ...
    Institution, Canonical

    Canonical Institution

    (Latin institutio , from instituere , to establish) In its widest signification, Canonical ...
    Intellect

    Intellect

    (Latin intelligere -- inter and legere -- to choose between, to discern; Greek nous ; ...
    Intendencia Oriental y Llanos de San Martín

    Intendencia Oriental y Llanos de San Martin

    Vicariate Apostolic in the province of Saint Martin, Colombia, South America, created 24 March, ...
    Intention

    Intention

    ( Latin intendere, to stretch toward, to aim at) is an act of the will by which that faculty ...
    Intercession

    Intercession

    To intercede is to go or come between two parties, to plead before one of them on behalf of the ...
    Intercession, Episcopal

    Episcopal Intercession

    The right to intercede for criminals, which was granted by the secular power to the bishops ...
    Interdict

    Interdict

    (Latin interdictum , from inter and dicere ). Originally in Roman law, an ...
    Interest (in Economics)

    Interest

    Notion of interest Interest is a value exacted or promised over and above the restitution of a ...
    Interest (in Psychology)

    Psychology of Interest

    ( Latin interest; Fr. intérêt; Germ. interesse ). The mental state called ...
    Interims

    Interims

    ( Latin interim , meanwhile.) Interims are temporary settlements in matters of religion, ...
    Internuncio

    Internuncio

    ( Latin inter , between; nuntius , messenger.) The name given in the Roman Curia to a ...
    Introduction, Biblical

    Biblical Introduction

    A technical name which is usually applied to two distinct, but intimately connected, things. ...
    Introit

    Introit

    The Introit ( Introitus ) of the Mass is the fragment of a psalm with its antiphon sung while ...
    Intrusion

    Intrusion

    (Latin intrudere .) Intrusion is the act by which unlawful possession of an ecclesiastical ...
    Intuition

    Intuition

    Intuition (Latin intueri , to look into) is a psychological and philosophical term which ...
    Inventory of Church Property

    Inventory of Church Property

    By inventory ( Latin inventarium ) is meant a descriptive list in which are enumerated ...
    Investiture, Canonical

    Canonical Investiture

    ( Latin investitura , from investire , to clothe.) Canonical Investiture is the act by ...
    Investitures, Conflict of

    Conflict of Investitures

    ( German Investiturstreit .) The terminus technicus for the great struggle between the ...
    Invincible Armada, The

    The Spanish Armada

    The Spanish Armada, also called the Invincible Armada ( infra ), and more correctly La Armada ...
    Invitatorium

    Invitatorium

    The Invitatorium, as the word implies, is the invitation addressed to the faithful to come and ...
    Iona, School of

    School of Iona

    Iona is the modern name derived by change of letter from Adamnan's Ioua ; in Bede it is Hii ...
    Ionian Islands

    Ionian Islands

    A group of seven islands (whence the name Heptanesus, by which they are also designated) and a ...
    Ionian School of Philosophy

    Ionian School of Philosophy

    The Ionian School includes the earliest Greek philosophers, who lived at Miletus, an Ionian ...
    Ionopolis

    Ionopolis

    A titular see in the province of Paphlagonia, suffragan of Gangres. The city was founded by a ...
    Iowa

    Iowa

    Iowa is one of the North Central States of the American Union, and is about midway between the ...
    Ipolyi, Arnold

    Arnold Ipolyi

    ( Family name originally STUMMER) Bishop of Grosswardein (Nagy-Várad), b. at ...
    Ippolito Galantini, Blessed

    Bl. Ippolito Galantini

    Founder of the Congregation of Christian Doctrine of Florence; b. at Florence of obscure ...
    Ipsus

    Ipsus

    A titular see of Phrygia Salutaris, suffragan of Synnada. The locality was famous as the scene ...
    Ireland

    Ireland

    GEOGRAPHY Ireland lies in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain, from which it is separated ...
    Ireland, Ven. William

    Ven. William Ireland

    ( Alias Ironmonger.) Jesuit martyr, born in Lincolnshire, 1636; executed at Tyburn, 24 Jan. ...
    Irenaeus, Saint

    St. Irenaeus

    Bishop of Lyons, and Father of the Church. Information as to his life is scarce, and in some ...
    Irene, Sister

    Sister Irene (Catherine Fitzgibbon)

    (Catherine FitzGibbon.) Born in London, England, 12 May, 1823; died in New York, 14 August, ...
    Irenopolis

    Irenopolis

    A titular see of Isauria, suffragan of Seleucia. Five of its bishops are known: John (325), ...
    Iriarte, Ignacio de

    Ignacio de Iriarte

    Painter, b. at Azcoitia, Guipuzcoa, in 1620; d. at Seville, 1685. Iriarte was the son of Esteban ...
    Irish College, in Rome

    Irish College, in Rome

    Towards the close of the sixteenth century, Gregory XIII had sanctioned the foundation of an ...
    Irish Colleges, on the Continent

    Irish Colleges on the Continent

    The religious persecution under Elizabeth and James I lead to the suppression of the monastic ...
    Irish Confessors and Martyrs

    Irish Confessors and Martyrs

    General survey The period covered by this article embraces that between the years 1540 and ...
    Irish Literature

    Irish Literature

    It is uncertain at what period and in what manner the Irish discovered the use of letters. It may ...
    Irish, The, (in countries other than Ireland)

    The Irish (In Countries Other Than Ireland)

    I. IN THE UNITED STATES Who were the first Irish to land on the American continent and the ...
    Irnerius

    Irnerius

    (GARNERIUS) An Italian jurist and founder of the School of Glossators, b. at Bologna about ...
    Iroquois

    Iroquois

    A noted confederacy of five, and afterwards six, cognate tribes of Iroquoian stock, and closely ...
    Irregularity

    Irregularity

    (Latin in , not, and regula , rule, i. e. not according to rule) A canonical impediment ...
    Irremovability

    Irremovability

    ( Latin in , not, and removere , to remove) A quality of certain ecclesiastical ...
    Irvingites

    Irvingites

    A religious sect called after Edward Irving (1792-1834), a deposed Presbyterian minister. They ...
    Isaac

    Isaac

    The son of Abraham and Sara. The incidents of his life are told in Genesis 15-35, in a ...
    Isaac Jogues, Saint

    St. Isaac Jogues

    French missionary, born at Orléans, France, 10 January, 1607; martyred at Ossernenon, ...
    Isaac of Armenia

    Isaac of Armenia

    (SAHAK) Catholicos or Patriarch of Armenia (338-439), otherwise known as ISAAC THE GREAT ...
    Isaac of Nineveh

    Isaac of Nineveh

    A Nestorian bishop of that city in the latter half of the seventh century, being consecrated ...
    Isaac of Seleucia

    Isaac of Seleucia

    Patriarch of the Persian Church, d. 410. Isaac is celebrated among the patriarchs of the ...
    Isabel of France, Saint

    St. Isabel of France

    Daughter of Louis VIII and of his wife, Blanche of Castille, born in March, 1225; died at ...
    Isabella I

    Isabella I

    ("LA CATÓLICA" = "THE CATHOLIC") Queen of Castile ; born in the town of Madrigal de ...
    Isaias

    Isaias

    Among the writers whom the Hebrew Bible styles the "Latter Prophets" foremost stands "Isaias, the ...
    Isaura

    Isaura

    Titular see in the Province of Lycaonia, suffragan of Iconium. Isaura, the capital of the ...
    Ischia

    Ischia

    Diocese of Ischia (Isclana). Ischia, suffragan to Naples, has for its territory the island of ...
    Isernia and Venafro

    Isernia and Venafro

    (Diocese of Isernia and Venafro). Isernia is a city in the province of Campobasso in Molise ...
    Ishmael

    Ismael (Ishmael)

    (Septuagint 'Ismaél ; Vulgate Ismahel, in 1 Chronicles 1:28, 20, 31 ). The son of ...
    Isidore of Pelusium, Saint

    St. Isidore of Pelusium

    Born at Alexandria in the latter half of the fourth century; d. not later than 449-50. He is ...
    Isidore of Seville, Saint

    St. Isidore of Seville

    Born at Cartagena, Spain, about 560; died 4 April, 636. Isidore was the son of Severianus and ...
    Isidore of Thessalonica

    Isidore of Thessalonica

    Cardinal and sometime Metropolitan of Kiev or Moscow, b. at Thessalonica (Saloniki) towards ...
    Isidore the Labourer, Saint

    St. Isidore the Labourer

    A Spanish daylabourer; b. near Madrid, about the year 1070; d. 15 May, 1130, at the same place. ...
    Isionda

    Isionda

    A titular see in the province of Pamphylia Secunda; it was a suffragan of Perge. Artemidorus, ...
    Isla, José Francisco de

    Jose Francisco de Isla

    Spanish preacher and satirist, b. at Villavidantes (Kingdom of Leon ), 24 March, 1703; d. at ...
    Islam (Concept)

    Islam (Concept)

    Islam , an Arabic word which, since Mohammed's time, has acquired a religious and technical ...
    Islam (Religion)

    Mohammed and Mohammedanism (Islam)

    I. THE FOUNDER Mohammed, "the Praised One", the prophet of Islam and the founder of ...
    Isleta Pueblo

    Isleta Pueblo

    The name of two pueblos of the ancient Tigua tribe, of remote Shoshoncan stock. The older and ...
    Islip, Simon

    Simon Islip

    An Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Islip, near Oxford; d. at Mayfield, Sussex, 26 April, 1366. ...
    Ismael

    Ismael (Ishmael)

    (Septuagint 'Ismaél ; Vulgate Ismahel, in 1 Chronicles 1:28, 20, 31 ). The son of ...
    Ispahan

    Ispahan

    A Catholic Armenian Latin see. Under the name of Aspandana it was once one of the principal towns ...
    Israelites

    Israel

    The word designates the descendants of the Patriarch Jacob, or Israel. It corresponds to the ...
    Issachar

    Issachar

    The exact derivation and the precise meaning of the name are unknown. It designates, first, the ...
    Issus

    Issus

    A titular see of Cilicia Prima, suffragan of Tarsus. The city is famous for a whole series of ...
    Ita, Saint

    St. Ita

    Saint Ita, called the "Brigid of Munster"; b. in the present County of Waterford, about 475; d. 15 ...
    Italian Literature

    Italian Literature

    Origins and Development The modern language of Italy is naturally derived from Latin, a ...
    Italians in the United States

    Italians in the United States

    Christopher Columbus, an Italian, was the leader of those who in succeeding centuries were led by ...
    Italo-Greeks

    Italo-Greeks

    The name applied to the Greeks in Italy who observe the Byzantine Rite. They embrace three ...
    Italy

    Italy

    In ancient times Italy had several other names: it was called Saturnia, in honour of Saturn; ...
    Ite Missa Est

    Ite Missa Est

    This is the versicle chanted in the Roman Rite by the deacon at the end of Mass, after the ...
    Itineraria

    Itineraria

    (MEDIEVAL CHRISTIAN GUIDE-BOOKS: Latin iter , gen. itineris , journey) Under this term are ...
    Itinerarium

    Itinerarium

    A form of prayer used by monks and clerics before setting out on a journey, and for that ...
    Ittenbach, Franz

    Franz Ittenbach

    Historical painter ; born at Königswinter, at the foot of the Drachenfels, in 1813; died at ...
    Ives, Levi Silliman

    Levi Silliman Ives

    Born at Meriden, Connecticut, U.S.A. 16 September, 1797; d. at New York, 13 October, 1867. He ...
    Ives, Saint

    St. Ives (Yves)

    (St. Yves) St. Ives, born at Kermartin, near Tréguier, Brittany, 17 October, 1253; died ...
    Ivo of Chartres, Saint

    ST. IVO (YVES) OF CHARTRES

    (YVO, YVES). One of the most notable bishops of France at the time of the Investiture ...
    Ivory

    Ivory

    Ivory (French ivoire ; Italian avorio ; Latin ebur ), dentine, the tusks of the elephant, ...
    Ivrea, Diocese of

    Ivrea

    Suffragan of Turin, Northern Italy. The city is situated on the right bank of the Dora Baltea ...
    Ixtlilxochitl, Fernando de Alba

    Fernando de Alba Ixtlilxochitl

    Born 1568; died 1648. The most illustrious of the native Mexican historians and the great-grandson ...

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