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Ulrich Zell

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Publisher, the first printer of Cologne, born at Hanau-on-the-Main, date unknown; died about 1507. He learned the art of printing before 1462 in the printing establishment of Fust and Schöffer, and seems, shortly after the catastrophe of 1462, to have gone to Cologne, whose university gave promise of a market for printed works. Zell was printing at Cologne apparently as early as 1463, although his first dated book is of the year 1466. His work as printer and publisher can be traced up to the year 1502; altogether about 120 of his publications are known. Of these, however, only nine bear his name, but in all probability he printed and published many more. In outline and cut his six kinds of type are strikingly similar to the "Durandus" and "Clements" types of Fust and Schoffer; it would even seem that a number of the matrices of the "Clements" type had been used. Most of the books printed by Zell were text-books in quarto form for the university. Among the fine productions of his printing shop is an undated edition of the Latin Bible in two volumes. At first he called himself clericus (of the lower orders), but as early as 1471 he married and became a citizen and householder of Cologne. In 1473 he bought the important manorial estate of "Lyskirchen", to which he transferred the main part of his business. In the colophons of his books the place of business is called "apud Lyskirchen". The purchase, sometime later, of various houses, lands, and properties yielding revenues, show that Zell had become a prosperous man. It is also a proof of his importance that for a long time he filled the office of Kirchenmeister (church-master) of "S. Maria an Lyskirchen". Of much importance in the history of the discovery of printing is Zell's statement, preserved in the Chronicle of Cologne of 1499, that the year 1450 was the date of the beginning of printing, that the country-squire Johann Gutenberg was the inventor of it, and that the first book printed was the Latin Bible, the Vulgate.

More Volume: U 91

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Ubaghs, Casimir

Casimir Ubaghs

Born at Bergélez-Fauquemont, 26 November, 1800; died at Louvain, 15 February, 1875, was for ...
Ubaldus, Saint

St. Ubaldus

Confessor, Bishop of Gubbio, born of noble parents at Gubbio, Umbria, Italy, towards the ...
Ubanghi

Ubanghi

(UPPER FRENCH CONGO.) Vicariate Apostolic ; formerly part of the Vicariate of French Congo, ...
Ubanghi, Belgian

Prefecture Apostolic of Belgian Ubanghi

In Belgian Congo, separated on 7 April, 1911, from the Vicariate of the Belgian Congo and ...
Ubanghi-Chari

Ubanghi-Chari

Prefecture Apostolic in Equatorial Africa, lies west of the Bahr-el-Ghazal territory and south ...
Uberaba

Uberaba

(DE UBERABA.) Suffragan diocese of Marianna, in Brazil, created by the Consistorial ...
Ubertino of Casale

Ubertino of Casale

Leader of the Spirituals, born at Casale of Vercelli, 1259; died about 1330. He assumed the ...
Ubiquitarians

Ubiquitarians

Also called Ubiquists , a Protestant sect started at the Lutheran synod of Stuttgart, 19 ...
Ucayali

Ucayali

(SAN FRANCISCO DE UCAYALI.) Prefecture Apostolic in Peru. At the request of the Peruvian ...
Uccello

Uccello

Painter, born at Florence, 1397; died there, 1475. His real name was Paolo di Dono, but from his ...
Udine

Udine

(UTINENSIS) The city of Udine, the capital of a province and archdiocese in Friuli, northern ...
Ugento

Ugento

(UXENTIN) The city of Ugento, with its small harbour, is situated in the Province of Leece, in ...
Ughelli, Ferdinando

Ferdinando Ughelli

Historian, born at Florence, 21 March, 1595; died 19 May, 1670. Having entered the Cistercian ...
Uhtred

Uhtred

(Also spelled: Uhtred or Owtred ), an English Benedictine theologian and writer, born at ...
Ujejski, Cornelius

Cornelius Ujejski

Polish poet, born at Beremiany, Galicia, 1823; died at Cholojewie, 1897. His father was a ...
Ulenberg, Kaspar

Kaspar Ulenberg

Convert, theological writer and translator of the Bible , born at Lippstadt on the Lippe, ...
Ulfilas

Ulfilas

(Also: Ulphilas ), apostle of the Goths, missionary, translator of the Bible , and inventor ...
Ullathorne, William Bernard

William Bernard Ullathorne

English Benedictine monk and bishop, b. at Pocklington, Yorkshire, 7 May, 1806; d. at Oscott, ...
Ullerston, Richard

Richard Ullerston

Born in the Duchy of Lancaster, England ; d. in August or September, 1423. Having been ordained ...
Ulloa, Antoine de

Antoine de Ulloa

Naval officer and scientist, born at Seville, Spain, 12 Jan., 1716; died near Cadiz, Spain, 5 ...
Ulloa, Francisco de

Francisco de Ulloa

Died 1540. It is not known when he came to Mexico nor if he accompanied Hernan Cortés in ...
Ulrich of Bamberg

Ulrich of Bamberg

(Udalricus Babenbergensis), a cleric of the cathedral church of Bamberg, of whom nothing more ...
Ulrich of Richenthal

Ulrich of Richenthal

Chronicler of the Council of Constance , date of birth unknown; died about 1438. Ulrich was ...
Ulrich of Zell

St. Ulrich of Zell

(Wulderic; called also of Cluny, and of Ratisbon ), born at Ratisbon, at the beginning of 1029; ...
Ulrich, Saint

St. Ulrich

Bishop of Augsburg, born at Kyburg, Zurich, Switzerland, in 890; died at Augsburg, 4 July, ...
Ultan of Ardbracca

St. Ultan of Ardbraccan

St. Ultan of Ardbraccan, Ireland, was the maternal uncle of St. Brigid, and collected a life of ...
Ultramontanism

Ultramontanism

A term used to denote integral and active Catholicism, because it recognizes as its spiritual ...
Unam Sanctam

Unam Sanctam

(Latin the One Holy , i.e. Church ), the Bull on papal supremacy issued 18 November, 1302, ...
Unclean and Clean

Clean and Unclean

The distinction between legal and ceremonial, as opposed to moral, cleanness and uncleanness ...
Unction, Extreme

Extreme Unction

A sacrament of the New Law instituted by Christ to give spiritual aid and comfort and perfect ...
Ungava

Ungava

A Canadian territory lying north of the Province of Quebec, detached (1876) from the Great ...
Uniformity Acts

Uniformity Acts

These statutes, passed at different times, were vain efforts to secure uniformity in public ...
Unigenitus

Unigenitus

A celebrated Apostolic Constitution of Clement XI, condemning 101 propositions of Pasquier ...
Union of Brest

Union of Brest

Brest -- in Russian, Brest-Litovski; in Polish, Brzesc; in the old chronicles, called Brestii, or ...
Union of Christendom

Union of Christendom

The Catholic Church is by far the largest, the most widespread, and the most ancient of ...
Unions of Prayer

Unions of Prayer

A tendency to form unions of prayer among the faithful has recently manifested itself in the ...
Unitarians

Unitarians

A Liberal Protestant sect which holds as it distinctive tenet the belief in a uni-personal ...
Unitas Fratrum

Bohemian Brethren

(MORAVIAN BRETHREN, or UNITAS FRATRUM). DEFINITION AND DOCTRINAL POSITION "Bohemian Brethren" ...
United States of America, The

The United States of America

BOUNDARIES AND AREA On the east the boundary is formed by the St. Croix River and an arbitrary ...
Unitive Way

State Or Way (Purgative, Illuminative, Unitive)

The word state is used in various senses by theologians and spiritual writers. It may be ...
Unity

Unity (As a Mark of the Church)

The marks of the Church are certain unmistakeable signs, or distinctive characteristics which ...
Universalists

Universalists

A Liberal Protestant sect -- found chiefly in North America -- whose distinctive tenet is the ...
Universals

Universals

The name refers on the one hand to the inclination towards uniformity ( uni-versus ) existing in ...
Universe

Universe

Universe (or "world") is here taken in the astronomical sense, in its narrower or wider ...
Universe, Relation of God to the

Relation of God to the Universe

1. Essential Dependence of the Universe on God (Creation and Conservation) In developing the ...
Universities

Universities

The principal Catholic foundations have been treated in special articles; here the general ...
University College (Dublin)

University College, Dublin

A constitutional college of the National University of Ireland. By its charter, granted 2 Dec., ...
Unjust Aggressor

Unjust Aggressor

According to the accepted teaching of theologians, it is lawful, in the defense of life or limb, ...
Unyanyembe

Unyanyembe

Vicariate apostolic in German East Africa, separated from the Vicariate Apostolic of Nyanza ...
Upper Nile

Upper Nile

Vicariate apostolic ; separated from the mission of Nyanza, 6 July, 1894, comprises the eastern ...
Upper Rhine

Upper Rhine

Ecclesiastical province; includes the Archdiocese of Freiburg and the suffragan Dioceses of ...
Upsala, Ancient See of

Upsala

When St. Ansgar, the Apostle of the North, went to Sweden in 829 the Swedes were still heathen ...
Upsala, University of

University of Upsala

The oldest and most celebrated university of Sweden. Even today the arrangement of its ...
Uranopolis

Uranopolis

A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Ancyra in Galatia Prima. It is vainly sought in any ...
Urban I, Pope Saint

Pope Urban I

Reigned 222-30, date of birth unknown; died 23 May, 230. According to the "Liber Pontificalis," ...
Urban II, Pope Blessed

Pope Bl. Urban II

(Otho, Otto or Odo of Lagery), 1088-1099, born of a knightly family, at Châtillon-sur-Marne ...
Urban III, Pope

Pope Urban III

Reigned 1185-87, born at Milan ; died at Ferrara, 19 October, 1187. Uberto, of the noble ...
Urban IV, Pope

Pope Urban IV

Reigned 1261-64 (Jacques Pantaléon), son of a French cobbler, born at Troyes, probably in ...
Urban V, Pope Blessed

Pope Bl. Urban V

Guillaume de Grimoard, born at Grisac in Languedoc, 1310; died at Avignon, 19 December, 1370. ...
Urban VI, Pope

Pope Urban VI

Bartolomeo Prignano, the first Roman pope during the Western Schism, born at Naples, about ...
Urban VII, Pope

Pope Urban VII

Giambattista Castagna, born at Rome, 4 Aug., 1521; elected pope, 15 September, 1590; died at ...
Urban VIII, Pope

Pope Urban VIII

Maffeo Barberini, born at Florence in April, 1568; elected pope, 6 August, 1623; died at Rome, 29 ...
Urbi et Orbi

Urbi Et Orbi

The term Urbi et Orbi (which means "for the city and for the world") signifies that a papal ...
Urbino

Urbino

(URBINATENSIS) Province of Pesaro and Urbino, Italy. The city of Urbino is situated on a ...
Urbs beata Jerusalem dicta pacis visio

Urbs Beata Jerusalem Dicta Pacis Visio

The first line of a hymn of probably the seventh or eighth century, comprising eight stanzas ...
Urdaneta, Andrés

Andres Urdaneta

Augustinian, born at Villafranca, Guipúzcoa, Spain, 1498; died in the City of Mexico, ...
Urgel

Urgel

(U RGELLENSIS ). Diocese in Spain, suffragan of Tarragona ; bounded on the N. by France ...
Urim and Thummim

Urim and Thummim

The sacred lot by means of which the ancient Hebrews were wont to seek manifestations of the ...
Urmiah

Urmiah

A residential see in Chaldea, in the Province of Adherbaidjan, Persia. The primitive name of this ...
Urráburu, Juan José

Juan Jose Urraburu

Scholastic philosopher, born at Ceanuri, Biscay, 23 May, 1844; died at Burgos, 13 August, 1904. ...
Ursperger Chronicle

Ursperger Chronicle

A history of the world in Latin that begins with the Assyrian King Ninius and extends to the year ...
Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, Society of the Sisters of Saint

Society of the Sisters of St. Ursula of the Blessed Virgin

Religious congregation of women founded in 1606 at Döle (then a Spanish possession), ...
Ursula, Saint, and the Eleven Thousand Virgins

St. Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Virgins

The history of these celebrated virgins of Cologne rests on ten lines, and these are open to ...
Ursulines of Quebec, The

The Ursulines of Quebec

The Ursuline monastery of Quebec is the oldest institution of learning for women in North ...
Ursulines, The

The Ursulines

A religious order founded by St. Angela de Merici for the sole purpose of educating young ...
Ursus, Saint

St. Ursus

Patron of the principal church of Solothurn (Soleure) in Switzerland, honoured from very early ...
Urubamba

Urubamba

(MISIONES DE SANTO DOMINGO DE URUBAMBA Y MADRE DE DIOS) This prefecture apostolic was created ...
Uruguay

Uruguay

(REPUBLICA ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY). The smallest independent state in South America, extending ...
Uruguayana

Uruguayana

(URUGUAYANESIS) Diocese ; suffragan of Porto Alegre, Brazil. By a Decree dated 15 August, ...
Ushaw College

Ushaw College

(College of St. Cuthbert) A combined college and seminary for the six dioceses that were ...
Usilla

Usilla

A titular see of Byzacena in Africa. Nothing is known of the history of this city; it is ...
Usuard, Martyrology of

Martyrology of Usuard

Usuard was a Benedictine monk of the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Prxs, Paris. He seems to have ...
Usury

Usury

In the article INTEREST we have reserved the question of the lawfulness of taking interest on ...
Ut Queant Laxis Resonare Fibris

Ut Queant Laxis Resonare Fibris

The first line of a hymn in honour of St. John the Baptist. The Roman Breviary divides it ...
Utah

Utah

Utah, the thirty-second state admitted to the Union, takes its name from an Indian tribe known ...
Uthina

Uthina

A titular see of Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage. Uthina is mentioned by Ptolemy ...
Utica

Utica

A titular see in Africa Proconsularis. The city was founded by Tyrian colonists at the mouth ...
Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

( Latin utilis , useful). Utilitarianism is a modern form of the Hedonistic ethical theory ...
Utopia

Utopia

(Greek ou no or not, and topos place), a term used to designate a visionary or an ideally ...
Utraquism

Utraquism

The principal dogma, and one of the four articles, of the Calixtines or Hussites . It was first ...
Utrecht, Archdiocese of

Utrecht

Situated in the Netherlands, includes the Provinces of Utrecht, Friesland, Overyssel, Drenthe, ...

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