Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

3/13/2014 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Ringwoodite minerals may give clue to what lies deep within our planet

Few colors in the spectrum are more wondrous then deep, cobalt blue - immediately soothing and contemplative, they evoke the blue of both the sky and the sea. Now, bright blue rocks that exist deep within the Earth may provide the first direct evidence that there may be as much water trapped in those rocks as in all of the oceans.

A diamond from a 100-million-year-old kimberlite found in Juina, Brazil, have been studied by Professor Graham Pearson of the University of Alberta, Canada, as part of a wider project.

A diamond from a 100-million-year-old kimberlite found in Juina, Brazil, have been studied by Professor Graham Pearson of the University of Alberta, Canada, as part of a wider project.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

3/13/2014 (1 year ago)

Published in Green

Keywords: Ringwoodite, water, Earth, cobalt blue


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - One such diamond, from central-west Brazil, contains minerals that formed as deep as 372 miles down and have significant amounts of water trapped within them. A new study suggests water may be stored deep in the interiors of many rocky planets.

Brought forth from eruptions of deep volcanic rocks called kimberlites, these diamonds provide an intriguing window into the deep Earth.

WISH POPE FRANCIS A HAPPY ANNIVERSARY!

A diamond from a 100-million-year-old kimberlite found in Juina, Brazil, have been studied by Professor Graham Pearson of the University of Alberta, Canada, as part of a wider project.

They noticed that it contained a mineral, ringwoodite, which is only thought to form between 254 and 410 miles beneath the Earth's surface, showing just how deep some diamonds originate.

While ringwoodite has previously been found in meteorites, this is the first time a terrestrial ringwoodite has been seen. But more extraordinarily, the researchers found that the mineral contains about one percent water.

While this amount seems small, as ringwoodite makes up almost all of this immense portion of the inner Earth, this leads to a huge amount of deep water.

"Finding water in such large concentrations is a hugely significant development in our understanding of the ultimate origin of water now present at Earth's surface," Dr. Sally Gibson from the University of Cambridge, not involved in the study, said.

The observation is the first physical evidence that water can be stored in the deep interiors of planets and solves a 25-year-old controversy about whether the deep Earth is dry, wet, or wet in patches.

"The discovery highlights the unique value of natural diamonds in trapping and preserving fragments of the deep Earth," Professor Pearson told reporters.

"It's incredible to think that, as you hold this sample in your hand, the residual pressure at the interface between the diamond and the inclusion is 20,000 atmospheres."

In describing his diamond sample, he said: "It looks like it's been to hell and back, which it has."

Professor Joseph Smyth of the University of Colorado has weighed in and expressed his astonishment over the new find.

"I think it's stunning! It implies that the interior may store several times the amount of water in the oceans. It tells us that hydrogen is an essential ingredient in the Earth and not added late from comets.

"This discovery implies that hydrogen may control the interior processes of the Earth just as it controls the surface processes, and that water planets, like Earth, may be common in our galaxy."

With the ringwoodite's water-bearing capabilities, its abundance at depth, and its beautiful hue, the term "blue planet" seems even more appropriate for Earth.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for July 2015
Universal:
That political responsibility may be lived at all levels as a high form of charity.
Evangelization: That, amid social inequalities, Latin American Christians may bear witness to love for the poor and contribute to a more fraternal society.



Comments


More Green

OMINOUS DEVELOPMENT: Massive chunk breaks off world's fastest melting glacier Watch

Image of It comes as ominous news to coastal cities and nations around the world vulnerable to sudden sea level rise . the world's fastest melting glacier had a massive chunk break off in over two days, setting an unwelcome record.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

It comes as ominous news to coastal cities and nations around the world vulnerable to sudden sea level rise as the world's fastest melting glacier had a massive chunk break off in over two days, setting an unwelcome record. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


First for insect kingdom: Ants able to 'self-medicate' when unwell Watch

Image of It was also learned that the infected ants would also either choose to eat the poison as often as normal food, or only a quarter of the time, showing that the ants were

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The common ant is typically thought of as being an example of the "hive mind" - acting in concert with their respective colonies, without free will. Researchers have now learned that ants are able to feel when they are sick or unwell - and self-medicate themselves. LOS ... continue reading


WORLD-WIDE POWER OUTAGE: Is a massive solar flare in our near future? Watch

Image of [Photo by: Solar Flare/BENSOW]

By Atarah Haely (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The world is highly dependent on electricity, even more so now than ever before. A massive solar storm can leave the Earth in bad shape and cause a global-scale of darkness. We must always be ready for such an event to prevent further panic and havoc. MUNTINLUPA, ... continue reading


World's oldest 'first flower' discovered in Spain's mountainous regions Watch

Image of

By Hannah Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

An ancient plant fossil, of what could be claimed as the world's oldest flowering plant, was unearthed in Spain. According to a new study in the online journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the plant, which is approximately 125 million to 130 ... continue reading


Biggest oarfish EVER: Latest specimen washed ashore on Catalina Island was at least 24 feet long Watch

Image of Oarfish washed up onshore on California's coasts in recent years are believed to have been sick, disoriented because of a storm or even responding to underwater seismic activity.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Oarfish, deep-sea denizens, have been washing up on the resort island of Catalina Island with surprising frequency. Oarfish washed up there June of 2013 - and now, a dead oarfish full of krill washed up there again on Monday. Experts say the more recent ... continue reading


Three African nations will be among the 10 most densely populated in 2050, report says Watch

Image of Many African countries will be rising in the ranks over the next 30 years due to life-extending medical advances. The study finds that most national populations will double in 40 countries, chiefly African.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Washington-based Population Reference Bureau has recently published a projected study of what the most populous nations in the world will be in the year 2050. Because of high fertility rates and improved life expectancy, three African nations - Nigeria, ... continue reading


NASA tests 'Ferrari of rocket engines' set to launch astronauts to Mars Watch

Image of

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The RS-25, for a trip to Mars, has been tested by NASA. According to reports, the engine was more powerful than the top technology we currently use in automobile and jet industries. MUNTINLUPA, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - CNET.com reported that the RS-25 engine is ... continue reading


New 'toddler' planet discovered Watch

Image of Jupiter

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

After success with the flyby on Pluto and the discovery of the Earth-like planet thousands of light-years away, a planet much like our Jupiter has now been observed by researchers. Reports explain that the new planet is 20-million-years-old, a relatively young planet ... continue reading


An entire year of human resources consumed in a shocking 9 months Watch

Image of Humans rapidly deplete the Earth's natural resources.

By Linky C. (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Nine months was all that was needed to consume an entire year of human resources. The year 2015 is far from being over and yet a year worth of natural resources have been consumed since January 1, according to reports. MUNTINLUPA CITY, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Batten down the hatches? This year's El Nino described as 'significant and threatening' Watch

Image of The Western Pacific will see more and stronger typhoons, which may explain why there have already been five super typhoons there in 2015. Usually, there is only super typhoon by this time this year.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The weather system of El Nino is building steadily, and many in the Weather Bureau predict it will be the strongest since 1997, which flooded many parts of California and triggered fires in Australia. The eastern Pacific Ocean is significantly warmer than ever ... continue reading


All Green News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Jeremiah 1:17-19
17 'As for you, prepare yourself for action. Stand up ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 71:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 15, 17
1 In you, Yahweh, I take refuge, I shall never be put ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for August 29th, 2015 Image

St. Sabina
August 29: St. Sabina's feast day is August 29th. We know St. Sabina only ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter