Author and Publisher - Catholic Online
Gregory IX The reign of Gregory IX (1227-1241) was marked by conflict between the pope and Emperor Frederick II. The nephew of Innocent III, Ugolino de Segni was born in Agnani and studied at Paris. A friend of St. Dominic and of St. Francis, de Segni was the cardinal protector of the Franciscans and an advisor to St. Clare of Assisi before his election to the papacy. In the year of his election, Gregory excommunicated Frederick for failing to lead a crusade. Although Frederick led the Fifth Crusade (1228-1229), the pope was reluctant to reconcile with the emperor and readmit him to communion. The peace of Germano in 1230 restored relations between the two, until 1235, when Frederick accused Gregory of allying himself with the Lombards. Gregory excommunicated Frederick a second time four years later. Two years after that, Frederick laid seige to Rome, and Gregory died during the seige.
St. Faustina Kowalska
Find SaintsPopular Saints
Saints by Alphabet
Saint of the Day
Saint Feast Days by Month
Patron Saints by Alphabet
Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.
Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law.