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Gregory IX

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Death: 1241
Deacon Keith Fournier Hi readers, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great! It's a little awkward to ask, but we need your help. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you. We're not salespeople, but we depend on donations averaging $14.76 and fewer than 1% of readers give. If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. Thank you. Help Now >

Gregory IX The reign of Gregory IX (1227-1241) was marked by conflict between the pope and Emperor Frederick II. The nephew of Innocent III, Ugolino de Segni was born in Agnani and studied at Paris. A friend of St. Dominic and of St. Francis, de Segni was the cardinal protector of the Franciscans and an advisor to St. Clare of Assisi before his election to the papacy. In the year of his election, Gregory excommunicated Frederick for failing to lead a crusade. Although Frederick led the Fifth Crusade (1228-1229), the pope was reluctant to reconcile with the emperor and readmit him to communion. The peace of Germano in 1230 restored relations between the two, until 1235, when Frederick accused Gregory of allying himself with the Lombards. Gregory excommunicated Frederick a second time four years later. Two years after that, Frederick laid seige to Rome, and Gregory died during the seige.

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