Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Ken Blackwell and Bob Morrison

1/1/2013 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

January 1, 2013, the National Archives places the Emancipation Proclamation on rare public display, the text is hardly legible, the victim of age and light. But Abraham Lincoln stands out clearly


This is the day, January 1, 1863, one hundred fifty years ago, that changed America forever. From that date onward, Father Abraham's armies, the armies of the United States, became armies of liberation. Those soldiers, black and white, carried freedom in their haversacks.

Abraham Lincoln signing the emancipation proclamation

Abraham Lincoln signing the emancipation proclamation

Highlights

By Ken Blackwell and Bob Morrison

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

1/1/2013 (2 years ago)

Published in U.S.

Keywords: Emancipation proclamation, slavery, freedom, freedom, Civil War, Ken Blackwell, Bob Morrison


WASHINGTON, DC (Catholic Online) - President Abraham Lincoln had been warned by Gen. George B. McClellan not to interfere with the institution of slavery. McClellan was a "War Democrat," willing to fight to preserve the Union, but unwilling to do anything about the root cause of the rebellion that threatened the life of the nation.
 
Ironically, it was McClellan's victory at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, that had given Lincoln the opportunity he needed to issue his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. In that document, the President warned rebellious states in the South that they would have their slaves freed if they did not cease their insurrection against the federal government and once again obey the laws of the Union.
 
That hundred-day period had been a difficult one for President Lincoln. There would be political reverses in the mid-term congressional elections that fall. Democrats campaigned on the slogan "The Union as it was and the Constitution as it is." That meant slavery would be secure in all the states where it then existed. They picked up congressional seats and won key state governorships.
 
And then, there was the disastrous Union defeat at Fredericksburg, Virginia. Thousands of Union soldiers died in thirteen fruitless charges against Marye's Heights. An extraordinary appearance of the Northern Lights on the night of that battle led people to say the very heavens were draped in mourning.
 
Now, on January 1, 1863, Lincoln proved true to his word on Emancipation. But, as he sat down to sign the engrossed copy of the historic document, he noted an error in the text. Lincoln knew that the U.S. Supreme Court was hostile to Emancipation. If there was a single error, Lincoln knew the pro-slavery Chief Justice Roger B. Taney would strike down the Emancipation Proclamation. So he ordered it re-copied for signature later that same day.
 
Meanwhile, President Lincoln had to stand for hours shaking thousands of hands in the traditional New Year's Day reception at the White House. When he came back to sign the Emancipation Proclamation, his hand was shaking. As his puzzled colleagues looked on,he exercised his weary arm.
 
He explained: "If I am remembered for anything, it will be for this act and my whole soul is in it." He did not want future generations to see a feeble signature and say he hesitated. So he signed it "Abraham Lincoln." He wrote out his full name, not signing it as he usually did, "A. Lincoln."
 
January 1, 2013,  the National Archives places the Emancipation Proclamation on rare public display, the text is hardly legible, the victim of age and light. But Abraham Lincoln stands out clearly.
 
Some cynics today say Lincoln freed no slaves where he had power and all the slaves where he did not. Then, too, the London newspapers adopted a snarky tone: "The high principle of Mr. Lincoln's proclamation is that a man may not own a man unless he is loyal to Mr. Lincoln's government."
 
That criticism was as ignorant as it was unfair. Lincoln was no despot. He knew that he could not constitutionally deprive loyal citizens of their slaves so long as they obeyed the laws. He pleaded and cajoled the congressmen from the loyal slave states of Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware. They stubbornly refused his offers of compensated emancipation.
 
Lincoln was an able lawyer who knew his brief. He had been a reader of Richmond newspapers for years. When secessionist editors boasted that the South could outlast the North because they could send all their young men into the army, while slaves would work the farms and factories, Lincoln took note.
 
Because the rebels themselves claimed slavery was a military asset, Lincoln knew he was on solid ground in freeing those slaves. His Emancipation Proclamation was a constitutional exercise of his powers as commander-in-chief of the army and navy. He justified it as an act of military necessity.
 
Abraham Lincoln is remembered as the Great Emancipator. He knew that the advance of the Union armies would bring freedom to millions.
 
Lincoln's bold black signature had done this. And he would do more. As the movie, Lincoln, so clearly shows, the president was the prime mover behind the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution. That measure ended slavery in every state. It's a shame that the able writers and directors of this new movie did not show Lincoln signing that amendment, too. A president's signature is not necessary for a constitutional amendment, but Lincoln once again had his whole heart and soul in it.
 
This is the day, January 1, 1863, one hundred fifty years ago, that changed America forever. From that date onward, Father Abraham's armies, the armies of the United States, became armies of liberation. Those soldiers, black and white, carried freedom in their haversacks.*****Ken Blackwell , a senior fellow at the American Civil Rights Union, serves on the Board of the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty. Bob Morrison, a historian, is a senior fellow at the Family Research Council.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for May 2015
Universal:
That, rejecting the culture of indifference, we may care for our neighbours who suffer, especially the sick and the poor.
Evangelization: That Mary's intercession may help Christians in secularized cultures be ready to proclaim Jesus.


Rosaries, Crosses, Prayer Cards and more... by Catholic Shopping .com


Comments


More U.S.

Rick Santorum Announces His Candidacy saying - It is Time to Take Back America Watch

Image of Rick and Karen Santorum

By Keith A Fournier

There is something which many in the main stream U.S. media do not know, here it is - not many people are listening to them anymore. However, they will listen to this song. And, they will understand it. The sentiment it captures will encourage the heart of a ... continue reading


Treasure hunters claim to uncover $2 million of missing Confederate gold in Lake Michigan shipwreck Watch

Image of

By Nikky Andres (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Treasure hunters claim they discovered $2 million worth of gold, originally stolen from the Confederates after the Civil War, in a Lake Michigan Shipwreck. The hunters, Kevin Dykstra and Frederick J. Monroe said they discovered a 19th Century tug boat off of Frankfort, ... continue reading


Woman finally meets man with her dead brother's transplanted face Watch

Image of

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Transplant recipients do not normally meet the families of their donors. An exception was made in the case of Rebekah Aversano, who met the man with the transplanted face of her deceased brother for a strange, touching homecoming. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic ... continue reading


President Obama meets with ISIS executed journalist Steven Sotloff's family during Florida trip Watch

Image of Steven Sotloff had reported from across the Middle East and covered events in Libya for Time Magazine.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

United States President, Barack Obama met with the family of slain American journalist Steven Sotloff during his trip to Miami. Islamic State militants beheaded Sotloff last year. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Obama met with Sotloff's parents, Art and ... continue reading


Michael Jackson's 'Neverland Ranch' up for sale for $100 million Watch

Image of Real-estate investment firm Colony Capital bought the note in 2008 for $23 million and put the title into a joint venture it formed with the pop star.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Late pop music superstar, Michael Jackson's famous retreat, Neverland Ranch is now up for grabs at $100 million. The former fantasyland currently lives under the name "Sycamore Valley Ranch." Located 40 miles from Santa Barbara in Los Olivos, the property spans ... continue reading


ANTHRAX IS BACK: U.S. Military accidentally ships live anthrax Watch

Image of Anthrax contaminants taken from building in Trenton, NJ in 2001. (Times staff photo by Jane Therese)

By Atarah Haely (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Some samples negligently sent by the U.S. Military contained live anthrax. Four lab workers from the United States and about 22 overseas, who come in contact with the shipment, are placed into post-exposure treatment, according to a defense official. MUNTINLUPA, ... continue reading


Baltimore bloodshed continues with unbelievable violence over the holiday weekend Watch

Image of

By Nikky Andres (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

May has proved to be the most dangerous and deadliest month Baltimore has witnessed in more than 50 years. There were more than two dozen shootings over the Memorial Day weekend alone; city police have never been busier. Community leaders hope the members will come ... continue reading


BACKWASH: California water officials consider repurposing sewage into drinking water Watch

Image of Unlike non-potable reuse, where treated sewage is used to irrigate crops, parks or golf courses - direct potable reuse takes treated sewage effluent and purifies it so it can be used as drinking water.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

While it's "doable," few people in California are actually voicing any enthusiasm. Stricken by a crippling drought, water officials are going through some highly popular alternatives - and repurposing sewage water into drinking water is one of them. LOS ... continue reading


Gallup poll shows that one in four Americans not gay Watch

Image of Only 3.8 percent of Americans self-identify as gay, lesbian or transsexual.

By Matt Waterson (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

As Gay rights movements continue to disrupt society and political life, poll reveals that gay and lesbians are not as common in the United States as previously perceived. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - A new Gallup poll conducted in early May has revealed that ... continue reading


World's oldest woman reaches 116-years-old! Watch

Image of

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

World's oldest woman, Jeralean Talley has added another year to her life - the world declared she turned 116 last weekend. Talley and her family, friends, the Inkster mayor and Congressman Conyers, delivered a message from President Barack Obama, celebrating her ... continue reading


All U.S. News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Sirach 44:1, 9-13
1 Next let us praise illustrious men, our ancestors ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 149:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 9
1 Alleluia! Sing a new song to Yahweh: his praise in ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 11:11-26
11 He entered Jerusalem and went into the Temple; and ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for May 29th, 2015 Image

St. Maximinus of Trier
May 29: Bishop of Trier, Germany, from 332, and a miracle worker. He was ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter