Famous rose windows survive massive Notre Dame fire
FREE Catholic Classes
Following a massive fire that engulfed Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris on Monday, the church's three iconic rose windows were unharmed, French reports have confirmed.
Paris, France, (CNA) - One of the most recognizable images of the landmark cathedral, the windows are themselves one of Notre Dame's greatest treasures. Rose windows, a hallmark of gothic architecture, arrange hundreds of panes of stained glass within carved stone tracework, fanning out from a central image.
Flames engulfed the roof and spire of the cathedral on April 16, in what officials are currently investigating as an "involuntary fire." Some 400 firefighters battled the blaze for hours before extinguishing it. Authorities are still determining the extent of the damage caused.
When the fire first broke out, there were concerns that the windows had been destroyed, either melted in the heat of the fire or blasted by the water of the fire hoses. Initial reports suggested that at least one of the windows had been ruined or fallen out. However, overnight it became clear that all three windows had made it through the blaze intact.
The roses, which crown the north, west, and south sides of the cathedral, have survived numerous ransackings, the French Revolution, two world wars, and now a massive fire.
The west rose is the oldest of the windows, and was constructed around the year 1225. Though now the smallest of the three, it was the largest rose window in the world at the time it was created. Its glass images are arranged into 15 "petals" that encircle an image of Mary holding the infant Jesus.
Located behind the grand organ, it was completely restored in the nineteenth century.
The north and south roses were built around 1250-1260 and face each other across the cathedral transepts.
The south window, a gift from King St. Louis IX, is dedicated to the saints who bore witness to Christ's ministry on earth. Considered to be the grandest of the three windows, it contains 84 panels in four circles, with the innermost ring of 12 images depicting the disciples of Christ, surrounded by scenes from the gospel of Matthew. The middle rings house famous martyrs and virgins, and the outer ring angels and patron saints of Paris.
Underneath the south rose window are images of the 16 prophets. The four prophets in the middle--Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel--are pictured alongside the four evangelists, Mark, Luke, John, and Matthew.
The north rose window is identical in shape and size to the south rose window, and is slightly older than its southern neighbor. It was built in the mid 13th century, and still contains most of the original glass. The center of the window is an image of Mary holding the Christ Child.
This window contains images from the Old Testament, including kings and prophets.
Pope Benedict XVI reflected on the significance of stained glass in churches during his 2008 visit to the United States.
In an April 19, 2008 homily at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York, Benedict said that stained glass offers a lesson for the faithful.
"From the outside, those windows are dark, heavy, even dreary," he said. "But once one enters the church, they suddenly come alive; reflecting the light passing through them, they reveal all their splendor."
This is similar to Catholics' experience of the Church itself, he said.
"It is only from the inside, from the experience of faith and ecclesial life, that we see the Church as she truly is: flooded with grace, resplendent in beauty, adorned by the manifold gifts of the Spirit. It follows that we, who live the life of grace within the Church's communion, are called to draw all people into this mystery of light."
Copyright 2019 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK
Pope Francis said Sunday that prayer in adoration of God and service to others spreads the fire of God's love, changing the world one heart ... continue reading
In anticipation of the Irish National Grandparents Pilgrimage, a Catholic group has launched a search for the oldest grandparents in ... continue reading
A representative from an Irish Catholic charity has warned that discrimination against immigrants in the private housing market has forced ... continue reading
A group of 49 academics from universities around the world has asked the administrators of the Pontifical John Paul II Institute in Rome to ... continue reading
Pope Francis announced Thursday that he is giving 6,000 blessed rosaries to Catholic communities in Syria as a sign of his closeness on the ... continue reading
by Catholic Online
- St. Bernard of Clairvaux: Saint of the Day for Tuesday, August 20, 2019
- Daily Readings for Tuesday, August 20, 2019
- Daily Reading for Wednesday, August 21st, 2019 HD Video
- Prayer Requests Live for Monday, August 19th, 2019 HD Video
- Catholic aid agency to US government: Don't cut foreign aid funding
- Pope Francis: Discover the beauty of prayer in adoration
- 'Remember Me' - Should Catholics talk to their dead loved ones?
- Daily Reading for Tuesday, August 20th, 2019 HD
- Daily Reading for Monday, August 19th, 2019 HD
- NEW COURSE - Confirmation with 'Certificate of Completion' - COMING SOON!
- Prayer Requests Live for Friday, August 16th, 2019 HD
Learn about Catholic world
Inform - Inspire - Ignite
Catholic Online Saints
Your saints explained
Catholic Online Prayers
Prayers for every need
Catholic Online Bible
Complete bible online
Catholic Online News
Your news Catholic eye
Today's bible reading
Products and services we offer
Catholic Online Shopping
Catholic medals, gifts & books
Advertise on Catholic Online
Your ads on catholic.org
Catholic Online Email
Email with Catholic feel
Learn the Catholic way
Catholic Online School
Free Catholic education for all
K-12 & Adult Education Classes
Support Free Education
Tax deductible support Free education
Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.
Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law.