Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Marshall Connolly, Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

5/16/2013 (3 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Over 97 percent of scientific research agrees humans are warming the planet.

Global warming is a divisive issue for many Americans, but according to another study it isn't divisive for scientists. Researchers have concluded a study of the studies, aggregating and evaluating over 12,000 scientific papers on the topic. Their finding is that there appears to be a strong consensus supporting the notion that climate change happening.

What consensus?

What consensus?

Highlights

By Marshall Connolly, Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

5/16/2013 (3 years ago)

Published in Green

Keywords: Global warming, climate change, skeptic, science, consensus


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Science largely depends on peer review and consensus to draw conclusions. We base many of our activities on those conclusions from medical treatment to spaceflight. Our cell phones and computers work because scientists have figured out and agree on the correct principles that make everything behind them work.

It's likewise with all other science, including climatology.

According to researchers, there appears to be virtually no diversion from the scientific consensus that global climate change is occurring because of human activity.

In 2004, a study done by historian Naomi Oreskes reviewed nearly 1,000 peer-reviewed scientific studies from the previous decade in which the phrase "global climate change" appeared in the title. Of the studies, she found that exactly zero of the papers challenged the notion that human-induced climate change was occurring.

A new, similar study has now concluded and it reviewed 12,000 similar papers. A group of 24 volunteers reviewed each paper, rating them on a seven point scale ranging from "explicit endorsement with quantification" to "explicit rejection with quantification." At least two individuals reviewed each paper and a third person reviewed the work in the event of ties.

So what does the body of 12,000 papers of climate change say? Are humans warming the planet?

Absolutely, yes they are, according to the consensus.

A common argument is that there is no consensus. This argument is demonstrably false.

Researchers found that 33 percent of the studies clearly endorsed anthropogenic global warming as a genuine phenomenon. Only 0.7 percent rejected it.

The remaining papers appeared to be somewhere in the middle so researchers contacted the authors and asked them to rate their own papers on the same criteria. About 1,200 responded to the follow-up survey and of that middle-group 67.2 rated their own work as endorsing the consensus and only 1.8 percent said they were rejecting the consensus.

In aggregate, 97.2 percent endorsed the consensus view that anthropogenic global warming is real and 2.8 percent rejected it.

In science, this is plenty of consensus that something is happening. In fact, we base modern medicine on even less consensus than this, and that involves things we do with our bodies and our health. At this point, there should be no more "is there or isn't there" debate amongst lay persons.

However, the issue of global warming is incredibly divisive, just browse any online forum on the topic. Only slightly more than half of all Americans accept that humans are adversely impacting the climate, despite the obvious scientific consensus.

This matters. The United States is still one of the world largest emitters of various greenhouse gasses, and consumes more than 20 percent to a quarter of the world's resources, while comprising less than 5 percent of the world's population. If half of those people deny there is a problem, then they have the potential to stall progress on finding a solution.

It could be the solution that is creating reluctance to accept the consensus. While specific solutions remain to be defined, it's difficult to imagine a solution that does not include less consumption, and likely a lower standard of living for many people. Comfortable Americans, even the most green and liberal among their number, will certainly find any substantial change virtually unpalatable.

Many conservative Americans, and the tiny cadre of vocal scientists that side with them, are certainly opposed to significant changes.

For many, any discussion of change also touches on profound moral questions, such as the right to reproduce, the right to earn a living, and more. Certainly, these are cherished human rights that nobody should be asked to sacrifice.

How much warming is happening, how bad is it, and what should be done, are questions that remain to be answered. There is no consensus among scholars on what to do and how. All that is acknowledged is that there's a problem.

If Americans can be convinced of this, then perhaps we can make progress on what we should do, if anything at all. However, as we are about to see in the comments below, we just can't get past that first hurdle, even if our scientists have done the work for us.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copyright 2016 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for May 2016
Universal:
Respect for Women: That in every country of the world, women may be honored and respected and that their essential contribution to society may be highly esteemed.
Evangelization: Holy Rosary: That families, communities, and groups may pray the Holy Rosary for evangelization and peace.



Comments


More Green

Goodbye El Nino! Hello La Nina! What does this mean for the Atlantic Hurricane season? Watch

Image of One impact La Nina has is a more active Atlantic hurricane season.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Goodbye El Nino! The monster heating anomaly in the tropical Pacific has abated and experts now believe a La Nina event, the cool sister of El Nino, will come to dominate the tropical Pacific for at least the next year to come. It has implications for the United ... continue reading


Scientists surprised by sudden eruption on Costa Rica volcano. Could the same happen at Mt. Rainier? Watch

Image of Turrialba volcano in Costa Rica has erupted without warning.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A volcano has erupted in Costa Rica with sudden ferocity, surprising experts who did not believe an eruption was imminent. The plume of ash from the volcano has caused flights to be canceled or diverted. Hundreds of people have reported to the hospital with reports of ... continue reading


Is a Mt. St. Helens eruption imminent? Here's the secret you're not being told Watch

Image of Mt. Rainier as seen from Tacoma. Is this giant awakening from a long sleep? Are the people prepared if so?

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A researcher, who has studied volcanoes for decades, has reached out to Catholic Online to share new information about volcanic activity in the Pacific Northwest. It appears activity is spiking in the region, and neither the public, nor geologists, may be fully ... continue reading


Eruption imminent? Mt. St. Helens quakes as magma rises Watch

Image of Mt. St. Helens steams in this image showing the new dome within the crater.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Over the past month, we've warned about volcanoes, earthquakes, and what feels like a sudden uptick in global activity.  Although all of the activity seems to fall within "normal" levels, it is still above average and making people uneasy. Now, new reports show ... continue reading


SEE THE SIMULATION: There's a monster sleeping in Southern California and when it wakes, there will be hell to pay Watch

Image of Worse than any shaking, will be the devastation to infrastructure upon which tens of millions of people rely for survival.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Earthquakes are making the news, not because they're happening, but because they will happen soon, and they will be more violent than anything in recent memory. Great quakes threaten both the Eastern U.S. and the Pacific coast. Now a new revelation about the San ... continue reading


The Eastern U.S. rides atop a horrifying geologic secret. Are you sure you want to know? Watch

Image of The Eastern U.S. could have a major quake of its own, even larger than those that strike the Western U.S.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Scientists have a new explanation for why mysterious quakes strike the Eastern U.S. when no fault lines are present. The crust of the earth is falling away beneath your feet. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - Contrary to popular belief, Californians don't have a ... continue reading


Skinned alive and left to rot: 'I have no sympathy' (WARNING: GRAPHIC IMAGES) Watch

Image of Animals are inhumanely treated then killed in the name of fashion (TL McCormick).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Soft, cuddly, adorable little animals are slaughtered by the thousands in the name of commerce. One Russian fur farmer even admitted she felt satisfaction as she skinned some animals alive or injected them with lethal, but inhumane, drugs that slowly suffocate the ... continue reading


Thoughtcrime or free speech? Oil companies face prosecution for climate change denial, but should they? Watch

Image of Foolish to disbelieve in global warming? Perhaps. 

Criminal? No.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

At what point does it become criminal to promote an idea? Can any idea actually be off limits? These are questions that must be considered as the U.S. government begins a literal witch-hunt against climate change deniers and their corporate sponsors. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


'We see it:' The realities of global warming are finally accepted around the world Watch

Image of The Paris climate agreement saw Sen. Jeff Merkley state global warming is one of the greatest challenges of our generation (AFP).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

With more and more nations agreeing that climate change is not only real, but also dangerous, more world leaders are making a move to save the planet. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Senator Jeff Merkley took the Senate floor last week to say global warming is one ... continue reading


Volcanoes erupting everywhere! Is this a sign? Watch

Image of Popocatepetl erupts in Mexico. Prominent volcanoes in Russia and North Korea are also erupting.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Thirty-eight volcanoes are erupting right now. Earthquakes are making the news. Is something supernatural about to occur? LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - "Take care that no one deceives you," Jesus admonished his disciples in the book of Matthew. The Disciples were ... continue reading


All Green News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

the FEED
by Catholic Online

  • How much did Goldman Sachs' CEO invest in hedge fund?: Hillary ...
  • Daily Reading for Wednesday, June 1st, 2016 HD Video
  • Alabama Supreme court recognizes same-sex adoption
  • 100k Americans work for China as China continues to purchase major US ...
  • St. Joan of Arc: Saint of the Day for Monday, May 30, 2016
  • Advent Prayer HD Video
  • Daily Readings for Monday, May 30, 2016

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Second Peter 1:2-7
2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of our ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 91:1-2, 14-15, 15-16
1 You who live in the secret place of Elyon, spend your nights in the ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 12:1-12
1 He went on to speak to them in parables, 'A man planted a vineyard; he ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for May 30th, 2016 Image

St. Joan of Arc
May 30: St. Joan of Arc is the patroness of soldiers and ... Read More