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Hoy es fiesta de San Alfredo, rey que defendio a su pueblo de los vikingos

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By (CNA/EWTN)
10/26/2018 (8 months ago)
Catholic Online (https://www.catholic.org)

San Alfredo fue rey de Wessex, uno de los siete reinos principales que precedieron al reino de Inglaterra. Se hizo celebre por defender su territorio contra los vikingos (normandos), por lo que fue llamado "El Grande" por su pueblo.

Highlights

By (CNA/EWTN)
Catholic Online (https://www.catholic.org)
10/26/2018 (8 months ago)

Published in Christian Saints & Heroes

Keywords: feast of San Alfredo, king, defended his people, Vikings


REDACCIoN CENTRAL (ACI Prensa) - Su vida, que transcurrio entre mediados y fines del siglo IX, fue descrita por el cronista gales conocido como John Asser.

A este santo se le recuerda por ser un hombre culto y letrado, que ayudo mucho a la educacion de su reino, promovio la difusion del cristianismo y mejoro el sistema de leyes.

Alfredo siempre insistio que la justicia debia ser dispensada sin miedo o favoritismo. Dedico sus energias a restaurar lo que habia sido destruido por las largas guerras contra los invasores nordicos.

Reconstruyo y fundo monasterios. Asimismo, mando a traer a estudiosos de otras tierras como al Arzobispo de Canterbury, San Plegmund; y al Obispo de Mercia, Wetfrith; al monje benedictino San Grimbald, al abad, Juan el Viejo Sajon; al cronista, Asser; al filosofo, Juan Escoto Erigena y a muchos otros más.

San Alfredo nacio en el ano 849 en Berkshire (Inglaterra). Fue el hijo menor de Ethewulf, rey de Wessex, quien murio cuando Alfredo tenia nueve anos. El hermano mayor del santo murio dos anos despues; el segundo despues de seis.

Fue en el reinado del tercer hermano, Etelredo I, cuando el joven Alfredo comenzo su vida pĂşblica y brillante carrera militar en contra de los vikingos.

Tras la muerte de su hermano en batalla Alfredo subio al trono de Wessex, donde reorganizo las tropas sajonas, formando unidades de caballeria en los diferentes condados y derrotando a los vikingos daneses de Guthrun el Viejo.

De esta manera, Guthrun se vio obligado a aceptar el tratado de Westmore en el 878, por el cual los vikingos habian de evacuar Wessex e instalarse en los antiguos territorios de Essex, East-Anglia, Lindsey y Mercia, formando lo que seria conocida como la region de Danelaw.

De este modo, el rey Alfredo cedio algunos territorios que no podia defender, y de forma paralela, protegio su reino de los escandinavos, estableciendo una serie de pueblos fronterizos fortificados además de una marina propia.

Alfredo el Grande fallecio el 26 de octubre del 899.


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