Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

10/24/2013 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Tablet invokes Christian and Jewish belief alongside pagan.

Never sue a Roman. At least that seems to be the take away from the discovery of a Roman curse tablet excavated from the ruins of an ancient mansion in Jerusalem.

Written on a lead plate, the curse is intended to prevent someone from speaking against another.

Written on a lead plate, the curse is intended to prevent someone from speaking against another.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

10/24/2013 (2 years ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Curse tablet, Roman, Jerusalem, tradition, religion, culture


JERUSALEM, ISRAEL (Catholic Online) - An ancient Roman mansion dating to the third and fourth century AD, is yielding some insights into Roman life in the restive Roman province. At that time, the region was a place of religious diversity, something that is reflected in a lead tabled inscribed with a curse.

While excavating one of the rooms, long collapsed from an ancient earthquake in 363 AD, archaeologists uncovered a lead tablet covered with Greek writing. Once deciphered, scholars found a curse, though to be written by a woman, against a man.

According to the inscription, a woman named Kyrilla invokes six different gods from various religions to curse a man named Iennys, against whom she is worried about engaging in a legal dispute.

Translated, part of the curse reads, "I strike and strike down and nail down the tongue, the eyes, the wrath, the ire, the anger, the procrastination, the opposition of Iennys.  [May] he in no way oppose, so that he say or perform nothing adverse to Kyrilla . but rather that Iennys, whom the womb bore, be subject to her..."

Kyrilla's curse against Iennys covers all the bases, invoking the power of six gods from four religions. Four Greek gods, one Babylonian, and one Gnostic -(Abraxas) from an early Christian heresy. According to scholars, the text also invokes words that were considered powerful in ancient Jewish tradition.

The tablet was placed in a room, likely that used by Iennys in some capacity, and was intended to prevent him from speaking against Kyrilla.

The notoriously pagan Roman people were very tolerant of religious diversity, their own religion borrowed from the Greeks. Rome was an integrated, melting-pot style society, similar to the United States of today.  Romans gladly permitted the practice of many religions in their republic and in the empire, with one notable exception -Christianity.

Christians were perceived as intolerant and potentially disloyal because of their refusal to acknowledge other gods or to worship their emperors. Until the reign of Constantine the Great, who legalized Christianity, and Theodosius who made Christianity the law of the empire, Christians faced persecution.

However, the Romans occasionally invoked the Christian God for their purposes, perhaps not fully understanding the exclusivity of his being.

The tablet is clear evidence of this.

The tablet is also evidence that Romans could be notoriously aggressive in their pursuit of their goals, ready to offer sacrifices to obtain what they called "pax deorum" the peace, or favor of their gods.

A birth foretold: click here to learn more!

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copyright 2015 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for February 2016
Universal:
That prisoners, especially the young, may be able to rebuild lives of dignity.
Evangelization: That married people who are separated may find welcome and support in the Christian community.



Comments


More Middle East

'Dam will burst' if West does not come to aid of Syrian refugees, King of Jordan warns Watch

Image of At least 80,000 Syrian refugees are now stationed at the Al Zaatari refugee camp. The camp only has the capacity for 60,000 people (Reuters).

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

King Abdullah of Jordan says waves of Syrian refugees into his nation have placed an overwhelming strain on his country's health care and education systems. The king says that his country is at a breaking point and that help must arrive before the "dam bursts." ... continue reading


ISIS COWARD! Suicide belt bomb maker confesses he would NEVER wear one Watch

Image of Twenty-two-year-old Jasim Mohammed Atti'ya is under arrest for his role in the attack on a government building in Kirkuk, in northern Iraq in November of last year (Fox News).

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

While he makes them - he freely confesses he would never use one - to forfeit his life for the "cause" of the Islamic State. That is the confession of an incarcerated suspect believed involved in a terrorist attack. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


ENGLISH-speaking young boy featured in ISIS' latest horror beheading video Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

ISIS has released another gruesome beheading video, but this time the executioner is an English-speaking young boy. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The young boy, who's identity and ethnicity has not been determined, is featured directly threating the United ... continue reading


Disabled jihadi executes 'spy' in new horrific ISIS images Watch

Image of ISIS releases images of three more murders (YouTube).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

ISIS has released several images depicting the crucifixion of one of three accused spies in Libya. Despite the obvious gore and lack of humanity, one executioner is shown in a wheelchair. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The images were released by propaganda group ... continue reading


Russia in cahoots with ISIS? Russian airstrikes target civilian oil facilities Watch

Image of Russia allegedly aiding Assad and ISIS by targeting civilian oil facilities (EPA).

By Thomas Heed (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Humanitarian group Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently (RIBSS) has stepped forward with claims that Russia's airstrikes have turned to civilian oil facilities that have no links to ISIS. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Daily Mail reported RIBSS' claims came ... continue reading


LOST GENERATION: Scores of Kosovo men, women leave to join fight with ISIS Watch

Image of Kosovo women usually join Islamic State to follow their radicalized husbands (Reuters).

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Yong men - and many young women, seduced by the lies promised by the Islamic State, have left their native Kosovo to join the terrorist organization. Parents are left with unanswered questions. Statistically, 300 men and 36 women have left the mostly Muslim country of ... continue reading


Revolting, twisted celebration: You'll never guess how people celebrated a 23-year-old's murder Watch

Image of The nauseating celebration was captured on camera (Mohammed Yasin Photography).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Two Palestinian women murdered a 23-year-old Israeli woman after attempting to break into a grocery store and setting up bombs around Beit Horon, a Jewish community in the West Bank. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - According to Times of Israel, grocer Mordechai ... continue reading


ISIS atrocities labeled as 'genocide' by European parliament Watch

Image of A Scottish university recently protested Islamic State's genocidal policies. Photo courtesy of the Strathcyde Telegraph.

By Matt Hadro, CNA/EWTN News

Europe's leading human rights body passed a resolution on Wednesday calling ISIS atrocities as "genocide," a week before the European Parliament will vote on a similar resolution. Strasbourg, France (CNA/EWTN News) - "States should act on the presumption that ... continue reading


AMAZING DISCOVERY: Ancient Babylonians tracked astronomical movements with great sophistication 1,400 earlier Watch

Image of The tablet is proof that Babylonians had the same general knowledge as Europeans who employed similar devices fifteen centuries later. Photo courtesy Trustees of the British Museum/Mathieu Ossendrijver.

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A tablet has proven that astronomers in the ancient society of Babylon had highly sophisticated methods for tracking the movements of the planets. The planet of Jupiter was considered a patron God of the Babylonian god of Marduk. The tablet, only a few inches ... continue reading


Crowd beats terrorist when suicide vest fails to detonate Watch

Image of The suicide vest (not shown) failed to detonate, leading to the terrorist's beating (AP).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A gunman detonated his belt in a Shia mosque in Saudi Arabia's al-Ahsa province during the religious group's Friday prayers. A second gunman began to shoot outside the mosque and attempted to blow himself up, but was stopped and beaten by the angry mob. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

the FEED
by Catholic Online

  • Daily Readings for Monday, February 08, 2016
  • MAKE YOURSELF COUNT! Complete this quick Ash Wednesday survey
  • 10 important things to consider during Lent
  • Your Daily Inspirational Meme: We Love Him
  • Daily Reading for Tuesday, February 9th, 2016 HD Video
  • St. Jerome Emiliani: Saint of the Day for Monday, February 08, 2016
  • Daily Reading for Monday, February 8th, 2016 HD Video

Daily Readings

Reading 1, First Kings 8:1-7, 9-13
1 Solomon then summoned the elders of Israel to Jerusalem to bring the ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 132:6-7, 8-10
6 Listen, we heard of it in Ephrathah, we found it at ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 6:53-56
53 Having made the crossing, they came to land at Gennesaret and moored ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for February 8th, 2016 Image

St. Jerome Emiliani
February 8: Jerome Emiliani lay chained in the dark dirty ... Read More