Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

The name of ten persons of the Bible , variant in both Hebrew and Greek of Old Testament and in Greek of New Testament ; uniform in Vulgate. The meaning of the name is "gift of Jah", or "of Jahweh" (cf. Theódoros ). In the Hebrew, the first four of these persons are called Mattith Jah ( mtthyh ).

(1) M ATHATHIAS (B. Thamathía, A. Maththathías ), one of the sons of Nebo who married an alien wife ( Ezra 10:41 ) and later repudiated her; he is called Mazitias in III Esd., ix, 35.

(2) M ATHATHIAS ( Septuagint Matthathías ), one of the six who stood at the right of Esdras while he read the law to the people ( Nehemiah 8:4 ).

(3) M ATHATHIAS ( Septuagint Matthathías ), a Levite of Corite stock and eldest son of Sellum; he had charge of the frying of cakes for the temple-worship ( 1 Chronicles 9:31 ).

(4) M ATHATHIAS ( Septuagint Mattathías ), a Levite, one of Asaph's musicians before the ark ( 1 Chronicles 16:5 ).

(5) M ATHATHIAS ( 1 Chronicles 15:18, 21 ; 25:3, 21 ; Hebrew Mththyhw ; A. Mattathías in first three, Matthías in last; B. Immatathía in first, Mettathías in second, Mattathías in last two), a Levite of the sons of Idithun, one of the musicians who played and sung before the ark on its entrance into Jerusalem, later the leader of the fourteenth group of musicians of King David.

(6) M ATHATHIAS ( 1 Maccabees 2 passim; 14:29 ; Septuagint Mattathías ), the father of the five Machabees ) who fought with the Seleucids for Jewish liberty.

(7) M ATHATHIAS ( 1 Maccabees 11:70 ), the son of Absalom and a captain in the army of Jonathan the Machabee; together with Judas the son of Calphi, he alone stood by Jonathan's side till the tide of battle turned in the plain of Asor.

(8) M ATHATHIAS ( 1 Maccabees 16:14 ), a son of Simon the high priest ; he and his father and brother Judas were murdered by Ptolemee, the son of Abobus, at Doch.

(9 and 10) M ATHATHIAS ( Matthathías ), two ancestors of Jesus ( Luke 3:25, 26 ).

More Encyclopedia

The Catholic Encyclopedia is the most comprehensive resource on Catholic teaching, history, and information ever gathered in all of human history. This easy-to-search online version was originally printed between 1907 and 1912 in fifteen hard copy volumes.

Catholic Encyclopedia

Designed to present its readers with the full body of Catholic teaching, the Encyclopedia contains not only precise statements of what the Church has defined, but also an impartial record of different views of acknowledged authority on all disputed questions, national, political or factional. In the determination of the truth the most recent and acknowledged scientific methods are employed, and the results of the latest research in theology, philosophy, history, apologetics, archaeology, and other sciences are given careful consideration.

No one who is interested in human history, past and present, can ignore the Catholic Church, either as an institution which has been the central figure in the civilized world for nearly two thousand years, decisively affecting its destinies, religious, literary, scientific, social and political, or as an existing power whose influence and activity extend to every part of the globe. In the past century the Church has grown both extensively and intensively among English-speaking peoples. Their living interests demand that they should have the means of informing themselves about this vast institution, which, whether they are Catholics or not, affects their fortunes and their destiny.

Copyright © Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company New York, NY. Volume 1: 1907; Volume 2: 1907; Volume 3: 1908; Volume 4: 1908; Volume 5: 1909; Volume 6: 1909; Volume 7: 1910; Volume 8: 1910; Volume 9: 1910; Volume 10: 1911; Volume 11: - 1911; Volume 12: - 1911; Volume 13: - 1912; Volume 14: 1912; Volume 15: 1912

Catholic Online Catholic Encyclopedia Digital version Compiled and Copyright © Catholic Online


Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Ephesians 4:32--5:8
32 Be generous to one another, sympathetic, forgiving each other as ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 1:1-2, 3, 4, 6
1 How blessed is anyone who rejects the advice of the wicked and does not ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 13:10-17
10 One Sabbath day he was teaching in one of the synagogues,11 ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for October 24th, 2016 Image

St. Anthony Mary Claret
October 24: Claretian archbishop and founder. Anthony was ... Read More