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Kwang-tung

(Prefecture Apostolic)

This prefecture comprises the whole province of that name except the civil prefecture of Shin-hing, the three districts of Heung-shan, Yan-ping, and Yeung-tsun, which belong to the Diocese of Macao, and the three districts of San-on, Kwei-shin, and Hoi-fung, which belong to the Vicariate Apostolic of Hong-Kong.

St. Francis Xavier was the first missionary who attempted to penetrate the province of Kwang-tung (1552), but he died in the Island of Shang-sch'wan (St. John's Island), south-west of Macao, before he was able to preach Christianity there. In 1556 Father Melchior Barreto penetrated as far as Canton, where he discussed science and moral theology with the mandarins; other Jesuits followed, and in 1581 Father Ruggieri secured authorization to open a chapel. In 1582, the real founder of Christianity in China, Father Matteo Ricci , arrived at Canton. From Canton Father Ricci went to Shin-hing, then the capital of the province, and afterwards to Shin-chou, were he met for the first time the celebrated Sin, a native of Kiang-nan. He then travelled to towards Kiang-si and Nan-king, establishing on the way Christian settlements, which have persevered to the present time. Until 1658 Kwang-tung was dependent on the Diocese of Macao. In that year it was confided to Mgr de la Motte Lambert. The priests of the Missions Etrangères then preached there together with the Jesuits, the Franciscans, and the Dominicans. From 1682 to 1710, Mgr de Guéméner and Fathers de Cecè and Ducarpon established themselves at Canton and Shin-chou. The tomb of Mgr de Guéméner (d. 1704) is at Shin-chou as is also that of Père Lirot (d. 1720). When the persecution of Emperor Yong-chin broke out in 1742 there were 30,000 Christians in the province of Kwang-tung, but all the missionaries were then expelled.

From that time until 1844, when Mgr. de Lagrené e obtained the proclamation of religious liberty, the missionaries did not enter Kwang-tung except in disguise. The bishops of Macao had meanwhile regained jurisdiction over the province, but the number of Christians tended by native priests had fallen to 7000 or 8000. On 30 September, 1848, the Congregation of the Propaganda confided this mission to the Société des Missions Estrangères de Paris without removing all jurisdiction from the Bishop of Macao. Father Libois, procurator of the Société at Hong-Kong, was named prefect Apostolic, and Father Guillemin was the first missionary sent to the province. The progress was slow at first: there were 115 baptisms of adults in 1851, 214 in 1854. In 1853 Father Guillemin was named prefect Apostolic instead of Father Libois. A persecution broke out, and seven missionaries were arrested and thrown in prison. Difficulties having arisen with Macao, Rome put an end to them on 8 Aug., 1856, by nominating Father Guillemin Bishop of Cybistra in partibus infidelium, by giving him on 17 September, 1858, complete jurisdiction over Kwang-tung, Kwang-si, and Hainan. In 1856, Blessed Auguste Chapdelaine was martyred in Kwang-si with two companions, Blessed Laurence Pe-mu and Blessed Agnes Chow-kong.

As the result of the Anglo-French expedition, which ended in the taking of Peking, a treaty was signed on 25 October, 1860. This was a signal for wider liberty for the missionaries. In compensation for the churches which had been destroyed and the property which had been taken from the mission, the bishop obtained the site of the ancient palace of the viceroy, on which were built the seminary and the orphanages. With the assistance of Napoleon III and the Catholics of France was also built the fine cathedral of Canton, one of the most beautiful religious monuments of the Far East. A chapel in honour of St. Francis Xavier was built at Shang-ch'wan, and this island became a place of pilgrimage for the people of Hong-Kong, Macao, and Canton. Baptisms became more numerous, amounting to 740 in 1862 and to 922 in 1867. There were some troubles in 1868 and 1869. In 1875 the Province of Kwang-si was separated from the Mission of Kwang-tung, while the island of Hai-nan and the district of Heung-shan was ceded to the Diocese of Macao. These districts were given to the priests of the Missions Estrangéres de Milan, who were established at Hong-Kong. The mission then ministered to 15,000 Catholics ; in 1880 it had 23,730 under its care. In 1881, Mgr Guillemin, worn out with labour, left Mgr Chausse, titular Bishop of Capsa, in charge of the mission. In 1884, at the time of the war of Tongking, the missionaries were ordered to discontinue the mission, and had to stay at Hong-Kong for nearly a year. The Christian establishments of Canton were destroyed. The districts of Shun-tak, Sha-tan, Shin-hing, Tong-kun, were laid waste, but it is worthy to remark that the districts nearest Tongking suffered the least. In some of these the missionaries were able to remain throughout the hostilities. On the restoration of peace the missionaries and the Christians who had followed them returned to the country. No indemnity was granted either to the missionaries or the Christians, on the pretext that the French would not restore the vessels sunk at Fu-chau.

The report of 1889 gives 1 bishop, 43 missionaries, 7 native priests, 150 churches or chapels, 1 seminary with 30 students, 135 schools or orphanages with 2067 pupils, 28,852 Catholics. In 1894 and 1895, during the war between China and Japan, there were some disorders. A missionary was besieged for nine days in a Christian village by soldiers returning from Formosa, and the mandarin of the place had to pay several thousand dollars to induce the soldiers to raise the siege. After the war, there was a great conversion movemnet which lasted several years, especially at Kit-yueng and Tong-kun. In 1898, Father Chanès was slain with eight Christians in his district of Pok-lo. In 1900, during the Boxer uprisings, several missionaries were ordered by the viceroy, then the famous Li Hung Chang, to leave the province, but they all remained at their post. However, in September, when the troops of the allies had been in Peking a month, the chief Christian settlements of Shun-tak, Sha-tan, and Tong-kun were destroyed and the chapels burned by the populace. Mgr Chausse, who was ill, could not survive these disasters, and died a few days later. However, the arrival at Canton of European and American warships soon brought the pillagers to reason. In 1901 Mgr Mésel was named Bishop of Orcisto and Prefect Apostolic of Kwang-tung. In January, 1902, Father Julien was assassinated with his two servants at Ma-tez-han, a district of Chi-hing on the frontiers of Kiang-si. In 1905 five American Presbyterian missionaries were massacred at Lin-chou, on the borders of Hu-nan, by an infuriated populace. Since then peace has lasted. The inhabitants of Kwang-tung seem to have a decided leaning towards the things of Europe and America. Numerous students go to be educated in Japan, the United States and Europe. Mgr Mérel has founded the College of the Sacred Heart, to teach English and French to the Chinese without distinction of religion. The number of students exceeds 250.

In 1908 the mission of Kwang-tung ceded to the Diocese of Macao the civil prefecture of Shin-hing and the two districts of Yang-ping and Yeung-tsum, belonging to Shin-hing at the time of the fulmination of the decree of the Holy See, instead of which the Island of Hai-nan was given to the Prefecture Apostolic of Kwang-tung. But as Shin-hing contains more than 2500 Catholics while the Island of Hai-nan has only 300 or 400, it will be readily understood why the reports of the mission of Kwang-tung number less Catholics in 1908 than in 1907. The statistics for the two years are as follows: 1907, 65 missionaries, 20 native priests, 66 seminarians, 455 churches and chapels, 210 schools, 2050 pupils, 2037 baptisms of adults, 7000 baptisms of pagan children, 60,000 Catholics ; 1908, 73 missionaries, 24 native priests, 70 seminarians, 484 churches and chapels, 250 schools, 3500 pupils, 2214 baptisms of adults, 9586 baptisms of children of pagans, 58,917 Catholics to about 30,000,000 pagans.

More Volume: K 165

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Kögler, Ignaz

(Called LAI in Chinese). Along with Father Adam Schall the most important of the fifty German ...

König, Joseph

Theologian and exegete, born at Hausen on the Aach, District of Hegau, Grand Duchy of Baden, 7 ...

Königgrätz

(REGINAE HRADECENSIS). This Bohemian see owes its origin to Emperor Ferdinand III, who, soon ...

Königshofen, Jacob

More properly JACOB TWINGER VON KÖNIGSHOFEN. Chronicler, b. in 1346 at Königshofen, a ...

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Ka 32

Kabbala

The term is now used as a technical name for the system of esoteric theosophy which for many ...

Kadlubek, Blessed Vincent

(KADLUBO, KADLUBKO). Bishop of Cracow, chronicler, b. at Karnow, Duchy of Sandomir, Poland, ...

Kafiristan and Kashmir, Prefecture Apostolic of

Created (1887) by Leo XIII in the extreme North of India. As regards India proper, the ...

Kafirs

A term popularly to nearly all the natives of South Africa. It was originally imposed by the Arab ...

Kager, Johann Matthias

German historical painter, born at Munich, 1566; died at Augsburg, 1634. He was originally a ...

Kaiser, Kajetan Georg von

Chemist, born at Kelheim on the Danube (Bavaria), 5 January, 1803; died at Munich, 28 August, ...

Kaiserchronik

(Der Keiser und der Kunige buoch.) A German epic poem of the twelfth century. It is at once a ...

Kaiserwilhelmsland

Comprises the German part of the island of New Guinea, area about 460,000 sq. miles; about ...

Kalands Brethren

(Kalandbrüder, Fratres Calendarii.) The name given to religious and charitable ...

Kalcker, Jan Stephanus van

(GIOVANNI DA CALCAR and JOANNES STEPHANUS CALCARENSIS.) Flemish painter, native of the Duchy ...

Kalinka, Valerian

Polish historian, born near Cracow in 1826; died at Jaroslaw in 1886. He fled from Poland in ...

Kalispel Indians

Popularly known under the French name of Pend d'Oreilles, "ear pendants", an important tribe of ...

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(Colocensis et Bachiensis.) This archdiocese embraces within its territories an archdiocese ...

Kamerun, Vicariate Apostolic of

(Cameroons; Cameroon.) Located in German West Africa, between British Nigeria and French ...

Kan-Su, Prefecture Apostolic of Southern

Separated from the Northern Kan-su mission in 1905, and committed to the Belgian Congregation of ...

Kan-Su, Vicariate Apostolic of Northern

This vicariate includes the territory of Ku-ku-nor, northern part of Tibet, and the five ...

Kandy, Diocese of

(Kandiensis.) Formerly part of the Vicariate of Southern Colombo, Ceylon, India, from which ...

Kansas

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Geography Kansas, one of the United States of America , is the central ...

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(Kansanopolitana.) Established 10 September, 1880, to include that part of the State of ...

Kant, Philosophy of

Kant's philosophy is generally designated as a system of transcendental criticism tending ...

Karinthia

(CARANTANUM; Slovene, KOROSKO; German KÄRNTEN). A crownland in the Austrian Empire , ...

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(Karncovious.) Archbishop of Gnesen and Primate of Poland, born about 1526; died at Lowicz,in ...

Kaskaskia Indians

Formerly chief tribe of the confederacy of Illinois Indians (q.v.). The name is of uncertain ...

Kassai, Upper

Erected as a simple mission in 1901, and detached, as a prefecture Apostolic, from the Vicariate ...

Kateri Tekakwitha, Blessed

(Also known as Catherine Tegakwitha/Takwita.) Known as the "Lily of the Mohawks", and the ...

Kauffmann, Angelica

Born at Coire, in the canton of Grisons, Switzerland, 30 October, 1741; died at Rome, 5 November, ...

Kaufmann, Alexander

Poet and folklorist, born at Bonn, 14 May, 1817; died at Wertheim, 1 May, 1893. He came of a ...

Kaufmann, Leopold

Chief Burgomaster of Bonn, brother of the poet and folklorist Alexander Kaufmann, born 13 March, ...

Kaulen, Franz Philip

Scriptural scholar, born 20 March, 1827, at Düsseldorf; died at Bonn, 11 July, 1907. He ...

Kaunitz, Wenzel Anton

An Austrian prince and statesman, born at Vienna 2 February, 1711; died there 27 June, 1794. ...

Kavanagh, Edward

American statesman and diplomat, born at Newcastle, Maine, 27 April, 1795; died there, 21 Jan., ...

Kavanagh, Julia

Novelist and biographer, born 7 Jan., 1824, at Thurles, Ireland ; died 28 October, 1877, at ...

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Ke 32

Kearney, Diocese of

(KEARNEYIENSIS). By Decree of the Sacred Consistorial Congregation of 8 March, 1912, Pius X ...

Keating, Geoffrey

Irish theologian, historian, and poet, b. at Burgess in the parish of Tubbrid, Co. Tipperary, ...

Keewatin, Vicariate Apostolic of

The Vicariate Apostolic of Keewatin includes the northern half of the Province of Saskatchewan, ...

Kehrein, Joseph

Educator, philologist, and historian of German literature, born at Heidesheim, near Mainz, 20 ...

Keller, Jacob

Controversialist, born at Sackingen, Baden, Germany, in 1568; died at Munich, Bavaria, 23 ...

Kellner, Lorenz

Educationist, born at Kalteneber in the district of Eichsfeld, 29 January, 1811; died at Trier, ...

Kells, Book of

An Irish manuscript containing the Four Gospels, a fragment of Hebrew names, and the Eusebian ...

Kells, School of

Kells (in Gaelic Cenannus ) was the chief of the Irish Columban monasteries. It was founded ...

Kemble, Ven. John

Martyr, b. at Rhydicar Farm, St. Weonard's, Herefordshire, 1599; d. at Widemarsh Common, ...

Kemp, John

Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Chancellor of England ; b. at Wye, Kent, about 1380; ...

Kenia

Coextensive with the civil province of Kenia (Kenya) in British East Africa, to which the ...

Kenites

(A.V. Kenites). A tribe or family often mentioned in the Old Testament, personified as ...

Kennedy, James

Bishop of St. Andrews, Scotland. Born about 1406; died 10 May, 1466. Of the ancient house of ...

Kenneth, Saint

(Or KENNY). Commemorated on 11 October, born in 515 or 516, at Glengiven, in what is now ...

Kenny, Saint

(Or KENNY). Commemorated on 11 October, born in 515 or 516, at Glengiven, in what is now ...

Kenosis

A term derived from the discussion as to the real meaning of Phil. 2:6 sqq.: "Who being in the ...

Kenraghty

(KIMRACHA, KINRECHTIN, or MAKENRACHTUS; in Irish MACIONNRACHTAIGH, anglicized HANRATTY and ...

Kenrick, Francis Patrick and Peter Richard

Archbishops respectively of Baltimore, Maryland, and of St. Louis, Missouri. They were sons of ...

Kent, Nun of

Born probably in 1506; executed at Tyburn, 20 April, 1534; called the "Nun of Kent." The career of ...

Kentigern, Saint

(Or M UNGO ) Bishop, founder of the See of Glasgow, b. about 518; d. at Glasgow, 13 ...

Kentucky

A state situated between the parallels of latitude 36° 30 and 39°6' N., and between the ...

Keon, Miles Gerard

Journalist, novelist, colonial secretary, lecturer, last descendent of the Keons, of Keonbrooke, ...

Kerkuk

(CHERCHENSIS). A Chaldean Catholic diocese. The ancient name of the city was Karka of ...

Kernan, Francis

Lawyer, statesman; born in Steuben County, New York, 14 January, 1816; d. at Utica, New York, 7 ...

Kerry and Aghadoe

The Diocese of Kerry and Aghadoe (Kerriensis Et Aghadoensis), suffragan of Cashel, Ireland, is ...

Kerssenbroch, Hermann von

(KERSSENBROICK). A teacher and historian, b. at Monchshof, near Barntrup (Lippe), about 1520; ...

Kervyn de Lettenhove, Joseph-Marie-Bruno-Constantin, Baron

Belgian statesman and historian, b. at Saint-Michel-lez-Bruges, 17 August, 1817; d. there, 3 ...

Kessels, Matthias

Sculptor, b. at Maastricht, 1784; d. at Rome, 3 March, 1836. He was first apprenticed to a ...

Ketteler, Wilhelm Emmanuel, Baron von

Bishop of Mainz, b. at Münster, in Westphalia, 25 Dec., 1811; d. at Burghausen, 13 July, ...

Kevin of Glendalough, Saint

Abbot of Glendalough, Ireland, b. about 498, the date being very obscure; d. 3 June, 618; son ...

Keyes, Erasmus Darwin

Soldier, convert, b. at Brimfield, Massuchusetts, U.S.A. 29 May, 1810; d. at Nice, France, ...

Keys, Power of the

The expression "power of the keys" is derived from Christ's words to St. Peter (in Matthew ...

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Kh 1

Kharput

Armenian Uniat diocese created in 1850. The city of Kharput, Armenian Kharpert, which means ...

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Ki 33

Kiang-nan

(Vicariate Apostolic) The present Vicariate comprises the two provinces of Kiang-su and ...

Kiang-si, Eastern

(Vicariate Apostolic) The mission of Eastern Kiang-si was separated from the mission of ...

Kiang-si, Northern

(Vicariate Apostolic) Father Matteo Ricci of the Society of Jesus was the first missionary ...

Kiang-si, Southern

(Vicariate Apostolic) Southern Kiang-si was separated from the mission of Northern Kiang-si in ...

Kickapoo Indians

Apparently corrupted from a longer term signifying "roamers", a tribe of Algonquian stock, ...

Kickham, Charles Joseph

Patriot, novelist, and poet, b. at Mullinahone, Co. Tipperary, Ireland, 1828; d. at Blackrock, Co. ...

Kielce

(Russian K IELTZY ; Latin K IELCENSIS ) Diocese in the sourthern part of Russian Poland, ...

Kieran, Saints

There are many Irish saints of this name, but the most celebrated is St. Kieran of Clonmacnoise ...

Kildare and Leighlin

(KILDARENSIS ET LEIGHLINENSIS) One of the four suffragans of Dublin, Ireland. These two ...

Kildare, School of

Kildare (Irish: Cill-Dara ), originally known as Druim Criaidh , or the Ridge of Clay, ...

Kilian, Saint

(Killena, Cillíne). Apostle of Franconia and martyr, born about 640 of noble parents ...

Killala

(ALLADENSIS). Diocese. It is one of the five suffragan sees of the ecclesiastical Province ...

Killaloe

(LAONIA) A suffragan diocese of Cashel ; it comprises the greater part of County Clare, a ...

Kilmore

(KILMORENSIS) Diocese in Ireland, includes almost all Cavan and about half of Leitrim. It ...

Kilwardby, Robert

Archbishop of Canterbury, Cardinal-Bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina ; died at Viterbo, 11 ...

Kilwinning, Benedictine Abbey of

Located in Ayrshire, Scotland, in the town of the same name, where a church was said to have been ...

Kimberley

(KIMBERLIENSIS) Vicariate apostolic ; suffragan of Adelaide, erected by Leo XIII , 5 May, ...

Kimberley in Orange

(KYMBERLEYENSIS IN ORANGIA). The portion of South Africa which at the present day forms the ...

Kingdom of God

(In Matthew, generally, Kingdom of Heaven ). In this expression the innermost teaching of the ...

Kingisel

The name of two abbots who ruled Glastonbury in the seventh and eighth centuries respectively. ...

Kings

(Plural of Latin magus ; Greek magoi ). The "wise men from the East" who came to adore ...

Kings, Chronology of the

First, we append a table in which the data of the Bible are put together. For the kings of Juda, ...

Kings, First and Second Books of

(Also know as the F IRST AND S ECOND B OOKS OF S AMUEL. For the First and Second Books of ...

Kings, Third and Fourth Books of

The historical book called in the Hebrew Melakhim, i.e. Kings, is in the Vulgate, in imitation ...

Kingston

(KINGSTONIENSIS or REGIOPOLITANA) The Archdiocese of Kingston comprises the territory from the ...

Kinloss

(Gaelic ceann-loch , "head of the loch"). Cistercian abbey on the coast of Morayshire, ...

Kino, Eusebius

A famous Jesuit missionary of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; b. 10 August, 1644, in ...

Kiowa Indians

(Pronounced Kai-o-wa , Latin spelling. Spanish form: Caygua ; Comanche form: Kaiwa , from ...

Kirby, Blessed Luke

Blessed William Filby Born in Oxfordshire between 1557 and 1560; suffered at Tyburn, 30 May, ...

Kircher, Athanasius

Celebrated for the versatility of his knowledge and particularly distinguished for his ...

Kirkwall

A parish, also a royal and parliamentary burgh and chief or county town of Orkney, in the north ...

Kisfaludy

Sándor Kisfaludy Born at Suemeg, Hungary, 27 Sept., 1772; died at Suemeg, 28 October, ...

Kiss

Four times in the Epistles of St. Paul we meet the injunction, used as a sort of formula of ...

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Kl 6

Klaczko, Julian

Polish author, b. at Vilna, 6 November, 1825, of Jewish parents ; d. at Cracow, 26 November, ...

Klee, Heinrich

German theologian and exegete, b. at Münstermaifeld, in the Rhine province, 20 April, ...

Klesl, Melchior

A cardinal and Austrian statesman, b. at Vienna, 19 February, 1552; d. at Wiener-Neustadt, 18 ...

Kleutgen, Josef Wilhelm Karl

German theologian and philosopher, b. at Dortmund, Westphalia, 9 April, 1811; d. at St. Anton ...

Klinkowström

Friedrich August von Klinkowström Artist, author and teacher; b. at Ludwigsburg in Swedish ...

Klopp, Onno

Historian, b. on 9 October, 1822, at Leer (East Friesland); d. at Vienna, 9 August 1903. After ...

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Kn 17

Knabl, Joseph

A master of religious plastic art, b. at Fliess, Tyrol, in 1819; d. at Munich in 1881. He was ...

Kneeling

To genuflect [ Latin genu flectere , geniculare (post-classic), to bend the knee; Greek ...

Kneipp, Sebastian

Bavarian priest and hydrotherapist, b. at Stephansreid, Bavaria, 17 May, 1821; d. at ...

Knight, Venerable William

Put to death for the Faith at York, on 29 November, 1596; with him also suffered Venerables ...

Knighthood

Chivalry (derived through the French cheval from the Latin caballus ) as an institution is ...

Knighton, Henry

(CNITTHON) A fourteenth-century chronicler. Nothing is known of his career except that he was ...

Knights of Christ, Order of the

A military order which sprang out of the famous Order of the Temple (see Knights Templars ). ...

Knights of Columbus

A fraternal and beneficent society of Catholic men, founded in New Haven, Connecticut, 2 ...

Knights of Malta

(Also known as K NIGHTS OF M ALTA ). The most important of all the military orders, both ...

Knights of the Cross

(Ordo Militaris Crucigerorum cum Rubea Stella.) A religious order famous in the history of ...

Knights Templars, The

The Knights Templars were the earliest founders of the military orders, and are the type on which ...

Knoblecher, Ignatius

Catholic missionary in Central Africa, born 6 July, 1819, at St. Cantian in Lower Carniola; died ...

Knoll, Albert (Joseph)

Dogmatic theologian of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchins, born at Bruneck in northern Tyrol, ...

Knowledge

I. Essentials of Knowledge II. Kinds of Knowledge III. The Problem of Knowledge Knowledge, ...

Knowledge of Jesus Christ

" Knowledge of Jesus Christ," as used in this article, does not mean a summary of what we know ...

Knownothingism

This was a name applied to a movement in American politics which attracted a large share of public ...

Knox, John

Scotch Protestant leader, b. at Haddington, Scotland, between 1505 and 1515; d. at Edinburgh, ...

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Ko 19

Kober, Franz Quirin von

German canonist and pedagogist, b. of simple countryfolk on 6 March, 1821, at Warthausen, ...

Koberger, Anthony

(KOBURGER, COBERGER). German printer, publisher, and bookseller, b. about 1445; d. at ...

Kobler, Andreas

An historian, b. at Muhldorf in Bavaria, 22 June, 1816; d. at Klagenfurt, 15 November, 1892. He ...

Kochanowski, Jan

Born at Sycyna, 1530, died at Lublin, 22 August, 1584. He was inscribed in 1544 as a student in ...

Kochowski, Vespasian

Born at Sandomir ?, 1633; died at Krakow, 1699. He received his education at the Jesuit ...

Kohlmann, Anthony

Educator and missionary, b. 13 July, 1771, at Kaiserberg, Alsace; d. at Rome, 11 April, 1836. He ...

Koller, Marian Wolfgang

Scientist and educator, b. at Feistritz in Carniola, Austria, 31 October, 1792; d. of cholera at ...

Konarski, Stanislaus

Born in 1700; died in 1773. This great reformer of Polish schools was a Piarist who, during a ...

Konings, Anthony

Born at Helmond, Diocese of Bois-1e-Duc, Holland, 24 August, 1821; died 30 June, 1884. After a ...

Konrad ("der Pfaffe")

Surnamed DER PFAFFE ("The Priest"). A German epic poet of the twelfth century, author of the ...

Konrad of Lichtenau

A medieval German chronicler, d. at Ursperg, in the year 1240. He descended from a noble Swabian ...

Konrad of Megenberg

(KUNRAT). Scholar and writer, b. probably at Mainberg, near Schweinfurt, Bavaria, 2 February, ...

Konrad of Würzburg

A Middle High German poet, b. about 1230; d. at Basle, 1287. He was the most important of the ...

Konsag, Ferdinand

A German missionary of the eighteenth century, b. 2 December, 1703, at Warasdin, Croatia ; d. 10 ...

Koran, The

The sacred book of the Muslims, by whom it is regarded as the revelation of God. Supplemented by ...

Kosciuszko, Tadeusz

Polish patriot and soldier, b. near Novogrudok, Lithuania, Poland, 12 February, 1746; d. at ...

Kostka, Saint Stanislas

Born at Rostkovo near Prasnysz, Poland, about 28 October, 1550; died at Rome during the night of ...

Kottayam, Vicariate Apostolic of

Located on the Malabar Coast, India. This vicariate forms part of the territory of the ancient ...

Kozmian, Stanislaus and John

Two brothers who took part in the Polish insurrection of 1831, and subsequently fled the country. ...

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Kr 11

Krämer, John

(Also called INSTITOR, the Latin form of his name). Born about the end of the fourteenth ...

Krafft, Adam

Sculptor, b. about 1440 at Nuremberg ; d. Jan., 1509 at Schwabach. He carved at Nuremberg the ...

Krain

(Or CARNIOLA; Slov. KRANJSKO) A duchy and crownland in the Austrian Empire, bounded on the ...

Krasicki, Ignatius

Born in 1735; died at Berlin, 1801. He took orders in early youth, and soon after became a canon, ...

Krasinski, Sigismund

Count, son of a Polish general, b. at Paris, 19 Feb., 1812; d. there, 23 Feb., 1859. He lost his ...

Kraus, Franz Xaver

An ecclesiastical and art historian, b. at Trier, 18 September, 1840; d. at San Remo, 28 ...

Kreil, Karl

Austrian meteorologist and astronomer, b. at Ried, Upper Austria, 4 Nov., 1798; d. at Vienna, 21 ...

Kreiten, William

Literary critic and poet, b. 21 June, 1847, at Gangelt near Aschen; d. 6 June, 1902, at Kerkrade ...

Kremsmünster

A Benedictine abbey in Austria, on the little river Krems, about twenty miles south of Linz, ...

Kromer, Martin

A distinguished Polish bishop and historian; b. at Biecz in Galicia in 1512; d. at Heilsberg, ...

Krzycki, Andrew

Date of birth uncertain; d. in 1535. — A typical humanistic poet, a most supple courtier ...

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Ku 5

Kuhn, Johannes von

Theologian, b. at Waeschenbeuren in Wuertemberg, 19 Feb., 1806; d. at Tübingen, 8 May, 1887. ...

Kulturkampf

The name given to the political struggle for the rights and self-government of the Catholic ...

Kumbakonam

(KUMBAKONENSIS). Kumbakonam, signifying in English the "Jug's Corner," is a town of 60,000 ...

Kuncevyc, Saint Josaphat

Martyr, born in the little town of Volodymyr in Lithuania (Volyn) in 1580 or -- according to ...

Kutenai Indians

An important tribe of south-eastern British Columbia and the adjacent portions of Montana and ...

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Kw 4

Kwang-si

(Prefecture Apostolic) The mission of Kwang-si comprises the entire province of that name. As ...

Kwang-tung

(Prefecture Apostolic) This prefecture comprises the whole province of that name except the ...

Kwango

(Prefecture Apostolic) Kwango is the name of a river which flows into the Kassai, which itself ...

Kwei-chou

(Vicariate Apostolic) The mission of Kwei-chou embraces the entire province of that name. The ...

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Ky 1


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