Innocent IV Sinibaldo Fieschi was a canon lawyer, a vice-chancellor of the Roman church, and cardinal priest of St. Lawrence in Lucina before his election to the papacy in 1243. The hallmark of his reign was conflict between the pope and the Holy Roman Emperor. Excommunicated by Gregory IX, Frederick II sought reconciliation with Innocent. Talks broke down over the control of Lombardy. In 1244, Frederick marched to Rome to imprison the pope, who fled to Lyons, where he called a council that deposed Frederick amd created Henry Raspe anti-king. Other concerns addressed by the council were the liberation of the Holy Sepulchre and the threat of Mongol invasion. King/St. Louis IX, who attempted to mediate peace between Innocent and Frederick, undertook the Sixth Crusade that same year. The following year, Innocent sent missionaries to convert the Mongols. Frederick died, still excommunicated, in 1250. Beloved of the Roman people but hated by the heirs of Frederick, Innocent returned to Rome three years later. He died in December, 1254, and his epitaph declares the victory of the pope over the dragon, Frederick, the enemy of Christ.
St. Bartholomew, 1st. century, one of the 12. All that is known of him with certainty is that he is mentioned in the synoptic gospels and Acts as one of the twelve apostles. His name, a ... continue readingMore Saint of the Day
St. Bernadette was born in Lourdes, France on January 7, 1844. Her parents were very poor and she was the first of nine children. She was baptized at St. Pierre's, the local parish church, on January 9. As a toddler, Bernadette contracted cholera and suffered extreme ... continue readingMore Female Saints
Saint Michael the Archangel isn't a saint, but rather he is an angel, and the leader of all angels and of the army of God. This is what the title "Archangel" means, that he is above all the others in rank. St. Michael has four main responsibilities or offices, as we ... continue reading
Christians who breathed a sigh of relief when Constantine proclaimed Christianity the state religion, believing this would end the bloodshed and martyrdom. But it was all too short a time until they were facing persecution once more -- from others who claimed to be ... continue reading
Saint John Gaulbert, Abbot - Feast day is July 12th The city of Florence gave to the world Saint John Gaulbert. Although he enjoyed the benefits of an early Christian education, his youthful heart was soon attracted to the vanities of the world. A painful incident was ... continue reading
By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)
In her convent of San Damiano, Clare heroically practiced the virtues that should characterize all Christians: humility, a spirit of piety and penance, and charity. Her fame of sanctity and the prodigies that came about thanks to her intervention led Pope Alexander ... continue readingMore Christian Saints & Heroes