Innocent IV Sinibaldo Fieschi was a canon lawyer, a vice-chancellor of the Roman church, and cardinal priest of St. Lawrence in Lucina before his election to the papacy in 1243. The hallmark of his reign was conflict between the pope and the Holy Roman Emperor. Excommunicated by Gregory IX, Frederick II sought reconciliation with Innocent. Talks broke down over the control of Lombardy. In 1244, Frederick marched to Rome to imprison the pope, who fled to Lyons, where he called a council that deposed Frederick amd created Henry Raspe anti-king. Other concerns addressed by the council were the liberation of the Holy Sepulchre and the threat of Mongol invasion. King/St. Louis IX, who attempted to mediate peace between Innocent and Frederick, undertook the Sixth Crusade that same year. The following year, Innocent sent missionaries to convert the Mongols. Frederick died, still excommunicated, in 1250. Beloved of the Roman people but hated by the heirs of Frederick, Innocent returned to Rome three years later. He died in December, 1254, and his epitaph declares the victory of the pope over the dragon, Frederick, the enemy of Christ.
"Jesus loved Martha and Mary and Lazarus." This unique statement in John's gospel tells us of the special relationship Jesus had with Martha, her sister, and her brother. Apparently ... continue readingMore Saint of the Day
St. Catherine of Bologna, Virgin (Patroness of Artists) Feast - March 9th Born in 1413, Catherine de Vigri was the daughter of a diplomatic agent of the Marquis of Ferrara. At the age of eleven, she was appointed maid of honor to the daughter of the Marquis and shared ... continue readingMore Female Saints
St. Michael the Archangel - Feast day - September 29th The name Michael signifies "Who is like to God?" and was the warcry of the good angels in the battle fought in heaven against satan and his followers. Holy Scripture describes St. Michael as "one of the chief ... continue reading
The name Gabriel means "man of God," or "God has shown himself mighty." It appears first in the prophesies of Daniel in the Old Testament. The angel announced to Daniel the prophecy of the seventy weeks. His name also occurs in the apocryphal book of Henoch. He was the ... continue reading
Saint Mary (Paula) Di Rosa December 15 The pounding on the barricaded door of the military hospital sent every heart thudding in terror. In the middle of the war in Brescia (Italy) in 1848, the ... continue reading
By Deacon Keith A Fournier
On July 15th in the Liturgical Calendar of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church, we commemorate the life, holiness, work and death of a great Bishop and Doctor named Bonaventure. He was born in 1218, became a Franciscan Friar in 1243, and died in 1274. A friend ... continue readingMore Christian Saints & Heroes