and missionary, b. at Feltre, Italy, in 1439 and d. at Pavia, 28 September, 1494. He belonged to the noble family
of Tomitano and was the eldest of nine children. In 1456 St. James
of the Marches preached the Lenten course at Padua, and inspired to enter the Franciscan order, Bernardine was clothed with the habit
of the Friars Minor
in May of the same year. He completed successfully his studies at Mantua
and was ordained priest
in 1463. Cured miraculously of an impediment in his speech, Bernardine began the long and fruitful apostolate which has caused him to be ranked as one of the greatest Franciscan missionaries of the fifteenth century. Every city of note and every province fromLombardy in the north to Sardinia
and the provinces of the south became successively the scene of his missionary labours; and the fruits of his apostolate were both marvellous and enduring. Bernardine, however, will
be best remembered in connexion with themonti di pietà of which he was the reorganizer and, in a certain sense, the founder. The word mons which literally means an accumulation ofwealth or money, now called capital, seems to have been a generic term used in the fifteenth century to signify lending-houses in general; and hence the montes pietatis
or monti di pietà were a species
of charitable lending-establishments not, perhaps, unlike our modern pawnbrokers' establishments, but possessing, of course, none
of the sinister features of the latter. As originally instituted the monti di pietà were intended as a timely and effectual remedy for the evils occasioned by the usury
then practiced by theJews upon the people of Christian Italy
; and Blessed Bernardine's places where they had not previously existed afford an explanation of the fact that he is generally represented carrying in his hand amonte di pietà , that is, a little green hill composed of three mounds and on the top either a cross or a standard with the inscription: Curam illius habe . As an author Bernardine has left us little if anything of importance, but it is interesting to note that the authorship of the well-known Anima Christi has as often as not been ascribed to Blessed Bernardine of Feltre. The fact, however, that the Anima Christi was composed sometime before the birth of Blessed Bernardine disproves any claim that he might have of being its author. As in the case of St. Ignatius, Bernardine also made frequent use of it and recommended it to his brethren. Thefeast of Blessed Bernardino is kept in the Order of Friars Minor
on the 28th of September. (See MONTI DI PIETÀ).
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