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Weld

The name of an ancient English family (branches of which are found in several parts of England and America) which has been conspicuous for its zeal for the Church, and whose main stem has been for many generations settled at Lulworth in Dorsetshire, England.

  • Thomas Weld of Lulworth (b. 1750; d. 1810) distinguished himself in relieving the misfortunes of the refugees of the French Revolution. He gave Stonyhurst College, with thirty acres of land, to the exiled Jesuits ; he entirely supported the English Poor Clares who had fled from Gravelines; and he founded and maintained a Trappist monastery at Lulworth (now Mount Mellaray, Ireland ). Indeed he is said to have given half his income in charity. Besides his conspicuous piety and great hospitality (he was one of the first English Catholics to entertain the king, 1789, 1791), he was also from the first a steady supporter of Bishop Milner. He died suddenly at Stonyhurst, where two of his sons also died, one of them, John, being its rector. He had nine sons, and six daughters.
  • Thomas, eldest son of the above, cardinal (b. in London, 22 Jan., 1773; d. 1837), continued all his father's liberalities. "There is scarce a religious establishment in the West of England ", said Cardinal Wiseman, "which has not some debt of gratitude recorded in his favour." He likewise befriended Milner, and stood almost alone on his side in the celebrated scene in 1813, when the whole of the Catholic committee turned upon the intrepid bishop. On the death of his wife and the marriage of his only daughter (1818) he became a priest (1821), and kept a poor orphanage in London. Asked for as Bishop of Upper Canada, he was consecrated in 1826, but his failing health forced him to resign his vicariate. In 1830, while visiting Rome, he was raised to the cardinalate.
  • Joseph, third son of Thomas (b. 27 Jan., 1777; d. at Lulworth Castle, 19 Oct., 1863). He succeeded his brother, Cardinal Weld, at Lulworth, and is remembered as one of the first to build and handle fast-sailing yachts. His best known boat was "The Arrow".
  • Humphrey, sixth son, settled at Chidcock Manor, Dorset; and his eldest son,
  • Charles, was an artist of some note, to whom we owe the copies of several of the pictures of the English martyrs, the originals of which are now missing. Charles's brother,
  • Frederick Aloysius (q.v.) was Governor of Western Australia.
  • James, the seventh son, was father of Mgr. Francis Weld, author of "Divine Love, and the Love of God's Most Blessed Mother" (London, 1873).
  • George, the eighth son (of Leagram), had as his fourth son,
  • Alfred Weld (b. 1823; d. 1890), a conspicuous member of the English Jesuits. Alfred filled all the higher posts of trust in the province (provincial, 1864-70) and undertook the editorship of "Letters and Notices", "The Month", and "The Messenger". As English assistant during the critical years 1873-83, he carried out with credit several confidential commissions both for the pope and for his order. Eventually he went out to the Zambesi mission, South Africa, of which he had been the foster father, and died amid the hardships of the recent settlement. He was the author of "The Suppression of the Society of Jesus in the Portuguese Dominions" (London, 1877).
  • The main stem of the family has now assumed the additional name of Blundell. The English "Catholic Who's Who (1912) mentions three Weld-Blundells and six Welds.

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    Wa 69

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    We 52

    Wealth, Use of

    The term "wealth" is not used here in the technical sense in which it occurs in treatises on ...

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    The name of an ancient English family (branches of which are found in several parts of England ...

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    Wh 23

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    Wi 121

    Wibald

    Abbot of Stavelot ( Stablo ), Malmedy, and Corvey, b. near Stavelot in Belgium in 1098; d. ...

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    A confederacy of Caddoan stock, formerly dwelling between the Arkansas River, Kansas, and the ...

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    Wichmans, Francis

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    Widow

    I. Canonical prescriptions concerning widows in the Old Testament refer mainly to the question ...

    Widukind

    Saxon leader, and one of the heads of the Westphalian nobility. He was the moving spirit in the ...

    Widukind of Corvey

    Historian who lived in the tenth century in the Benedictine Abbey of Corvey, Germany. He was a ...

    Wiener-Neustadt, Diocese of

    (NEOSTADTIENSIS). A suppressed see in Lower Austria. Upon the request of Frederick III it was ...

    Wiest, Stephan

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    Wigand, Saints

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    Wigbert, Saint

    Companion of St. Boniface, born in England about 675; died at Hersfeld about 746. Positive ...

    Wigbod

    (WICBODUS, WIGBOLD, WIGBALD). Theological writer of the eighth century. Of his works there is ...

    Wigley, George J.

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    Wilberforce, Henry William

    Born at Clapham, 22 September, 1807; died at Stroud, Gloucestershire, 23 April, 1873. He was third ...

    Wilberforce, Robert Isaac

    Born at Clapham, 19 December, 1802; died at Albano, near Rome, 3 Feb. 1857. He was the second son ...

    Wilcannia, Diocese of

    (WILCANIENSIS). Located in New South Wales, one of the six suffragan sees of Sydney; consists ...

    Wilcox, Robert, Venerable

    English martyr, born at Chester, 1558; suffered at Canterbury, 1 October, 1588. He arrived at ...

    Wild, Johann

    Scriptural commentator and preacher, better known by his Latin name FERUS, b. in Swabia, 1497; d. ...

    Wilfrid, Saint

    Bishop of York, son of a Northumbrian thegn, born in 634; died at Oundle in Northamptonshire, ...

    Wilgefortis

    A fabulous female saint known also as UNCUMBER, KUMMERNIS, KOMINA, COMERA, CUMERANA, HULFE, ...

    Wilhelm of Herle

    Painter, born at Herle in Dutch Limburg at an unknown date in the fourteenth century; time and ...

    Wilhelm V

    Son of Duke Albrecht V. Born at Munich, 29 September, 1548; died at Schlessheim, 7 February, ...

    Wilhering, Cistercian Abbey of

    (HILARIA). Situated on the right bank of the Danube, in the Diocese of Linz, Austria. Ulric ...

    Will

    (Latin voluntas, Greek boúlesis, "willing" German Wille, French volonté ). ...

    Will and Testament of Clerics

    Roman law allowed clerics to dispose of their property by will or otherwise. Bishops, however, ...

    Will, Free

    RELATION OF THE QUESTION TO DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY HISTORY Free Will in Ancient ...

    Willaert, Adrian

    Composer and founder of the Venetian school, b. at Bruges, or, according to other authorities, ...

    Willehad, Saint

    Bishop at Bremen, born in Northumberland before 745; died at Blecazze (Blexen) on the Weser, 8 ...

    Willems, Pierre

    Philologist, born at Maastricht, 6 January, 1840; died at Louvain, 23 February, 1898. Following ...

    William

    Born in Brittany, died at Marmoutiers, 23 May, 1124. For a time he was Archdeacon of Nantes, ...

    William

    Abbot of Saint-Bénigne at Dijon, celebrated Cluniac reformer, b. on the Island of ...

    William Carter, Venerable

    English martyr, born in London, 1548; suffered for treason at Tyburn, 11 January, 1584. Son of ...

    William Exmew, Blessed

    Carthusian monk and martyr ; suffered at Tyburn, 19 June, 1535. He studied at Christ's ...

    William Filby, Blessed

    Blessed William Filby Born in Oxfordshire between 1557 and 1560; suffered at Tyburn, 30 May, ...

    William Hart, Blessed

    Born at Wells, 1558; suffered at York, 15 March, 1583. Elected Trappes Scholar at Lincoln ...

    William Lacy, Blessed

    Born at "Hanton", Yorkshire (probably Houghton or Tosside, West Riding); suffered at York, 22 ...

    William of Auvergne

    Bishop of Paris, medieval philosopher and theologian. Born at Aurillac in Auvergne towards ...

    William of Auxerre

    A thirteenth-century theologian and professor at the University of Paris . William's name ...

    William of Champeaux

    A twelfth-century Scholastic, philosopher, and theologian, b. at Champeaux, near Melun, in the ...

    William of Conches

    A twelfth-century Scholastic philosopher and theologian, b. about the year 1100. After having ...

    William of Digulleville

    (DEGULLEVILLE). A French poet of the fourteenth century. Nothing is known of his life, except ...

    William of Ebelholt, Saint

    (Also called WILLIAM OF PARIS and WILLIAM OF THE PARACLETE.) Died on Easter Sunday, 1203, and ...

    William of Gellone, Saint

    Born 755; died 28 May, c. 812; was the second count of Toulouse, having attained that dignity in ...

    William of Jumièges

    (Surnamed CALCULUS.) Benedictine historian of the eleventh century. Practically nothing seems ...

    William of Maleval, Saint

    (or ST. WILLIAM THE GREAT). Died 10 February, 1157; beatified in 1202. His life, written ...

    William of Malmesbury

    Born 30 November, about 1090; died about 1143. He was educated at Malmesbury, where he became a ...

    William of Moerbeke

    Scholar, Orientalist, philosopher, and one of the most distinguished men of letters of the ...

    William of Nangis

    (GUILHELMUS). A medieval chronicler, who takes his name from the City of Nancy, France. ...

    William of Newburgh

    Historian, b. at Bridlington, Yorkshire, 1136; d. at Newburgh, Yorkshire, 1198, where he went as ...

    William of Norwich, Saint

    Born 1132; died 22 March, 1144. On Holy Saturday, 25 March, 1144, a boy's corpse showing signs of ...

    William of Ockham

    Fourteenth-century Scholastic philosopher and controversial writer, born at or near the village ...

    William of Paris, Saint

    Abbot of Eskill in Denmark, born 1105; died 1202. He was born of a noble French family, and ...

    William of Perth, Saint

    (Or ST. WILLIAM OF ROCHESTER). Martyr, born at Perth ; died about 1201. Practically all that ...

    William of Poitiers

    Norman historian, born of a noted family, at Préaux near Pont Audemer, Normandy, about 1020. ...

    William of Ramsey

    Flourished about 1219. Nothing is known of his life except that he was a monk of Crowland Abbey ...

    William of Sens

    A twelfth-century French architect, supposed to have been born at Sens. He is referred to in ...

    William of Shoreham

    ( Or de Schorham.) An English religious writer of the Anglo-Norman period, born at ...

    William of St-Amour

    A thirteenth century theologian and controversialist, born in Burgundy in the first decades of ...

    William of St-Thierry

    Theologian and mystic, and so called from the monastery of which he was abbot, b. at ...

    William of Turbeville

    (TURBE, TURBO, or DE TURBEVILLE). Bishop of Norwich (1146-74), b. about 1095; d. at Norwich ...

    William of Tyre

    Archbishop of Tyre and historian, born probably in Palestine, of a European family which had ...

    William of Vercelli

    (Or WILLIAM OF MONTE VERGINE.) The founder of the Hermits of Monte Vergine, or Williamites, ...

    William of Ware

    (William de Warre, Guard, Guaro, Varro or Varron.) Born at Ware in Herts; the date of his ...

    William of Wayneflete

    Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England, b. towards the end of the fourteenth century; ...

    William of Wykeham

    Bishop of Winchester, Chancellor of England and founder of Winchester College ; b. between ...

    William Perault

    (PERAULD, PERALDUS, PERALTUS). Writer and preacher, b. at Perault, France ; d. at Lyons ; ...

    William the Clerk (of Normandy)

    French poet of the thirteenth century. Nothing is known of his life except that he was a clerk of ...

    William the Conqueror

    King of England and Duke of Normandy. William was the natural son of Robert, Duke of ...

    William the Walloon

    Date of birth unknown; d. (probably) 22 Dec., 1089. He became Abbot of St. Arnoul at Metz in ...

    William, Blessed

    Abbot of Hirschau, monastic reformer, born in Bavaria ; died at Hirschau, 5 July 1091. He ...

    William, Saint

    (WILLIAM FITZHERBERT, also called WILLIAM OF THWAYT). Archbishop of York. Tradition ...

    William, Saint

    Bishop of St-Brieuc, born in the parish of St. Alban, Brittany, between 1178 and 1184; died ...

    Williamites

    There were two minor religious orders or congregations of this name: (1) a Benedictine ...

    Willibald and Winnebald, Saints

    (WUNIBALD, WYNNEBALD). Members of the Order of St. Benedict, brothers, natives probably of ...

    Willibrord, Saint

    Bishop of Utrecht, Apostle of the Frisians, and son of St. Hilgis, born in Northumbria, 658; ...

    Willigis, Saint

    Archbishop of Mainz, d. 23 Feb., 1011. Feast, 23 February or 18 April. Though of humble birth ...

    Williram

    (WALTRAM, WILTRAM). Scriptural scholar, b. in Franconia (near Worms), Germany ; d. in 1085 at ...

    Wilmers, Wilhelm

    Professor of philosophy and theology, b. at Boke in Westphalia, 30 January, 1817; d. at ...

    Wilmington, Diocese of

    (WILMINGTONIENSIS). Erected 3 March, 1868. It includes what is known as the Delmarvia ...

    Wilton Abbey

    A Benedictine convent in Wiltshire, England, three miles from Salisbury. A first foundation was ...

    Wilton, Richard

    Died December 21, 1239. He was a medieval scholar of whom little is known except that he was an ...

    Wimborne Minster

    ( Also WIMBURN or WINBURN). Located in Dorsetshire, England. Between the years 705-23 a ...

    Wimmer, Boniface

    Archabbot, b. at Thalmassing, Bavaria, 14 January, 1809; d. at St. Vincent Archabbey, Beatty, ...

    Wimpfeling, Jakob

    Humanist and theologian, b. at Schlettstadt, Alsace, 25 July 1450; d. there, 17 Nov., 1528. He ...

    Wimpina, Konrad

    (WIMINAE, WIMINESIS). Theologian, b. at Buchen in Baden, about 1465; d. at Amorbach in Lower ...

    Winchester, Ancient See of

    (WINTONIA, WINTONIENSIS). This diocese came into existence in 635 when the great ...

    Winckelmann, Johann Joachim

    Archaeologist and historian of ancient art, born at Stendal near Magdeburg, in 1717; assassinated ...

    Windesheim

    An Augustinian monastery situated about four miles south of Zwolle on the Issel, in the Kingdom ...

    Winding Sheet of Christ, Feast of the Holy

    In 1206 one of the (supposed) Winding Sheets used at the burial of Christ was brought to ...

    Windischmann, Friedrich Heinrich Hugo

    Orientalist and exegete, b. at Aschaffenburg, 13 December, 1811; d. at Munich, 23 August, ...

    Windischmann, Karl Joseph Hieronymus

    Philosopher, b. at Mainz, 25 August, 1775; d. at Bonn, 23 April, 1839. He attended the gymnasium ...

    Window, Rose

    A circular window, with mullions and traceries generally radiating from the centre, and filled ...

    Windows in Church Architecture

    From the beginning Christian churches, in contrast to the ancient temples, were intended to be ...

    Windsor

    A town of great antiquity, on the Thames, in Berkshire, England ; quaintly rendered Ventus ...

    Windthorst, Ludwig

    Born near Osnabrück, 17 January, 1812; died 14 March, 1891. He came from a family of ...

    Wine, Altar

    Wine is one of the two elements absolutely necessary for the sacrifice of the Eucharist. For valid ...

    Winefride, Saint

    Born at Holywell, Wales, about 600; died at Gwytherin, Wales, 3 Nov., 660. Her father was ...

    Wingham, Thomas

    Born in London, 5 January, 1846; died there, 24 March, 1893. He studied music at Wylde's London ...

    Winnebago Indians

    A tribe of Siouan stock closely related in speech to the Iowa, Missouri, and Oto, and more ...

    Winnebald and Willibald, Saints

    (WUNIBALD, WYNNEBALD). Members of the Order of St. Benedict, brothers, natives probably of ...

    Winnoc, Saint

    Abbot or Prior or Wormhoult, died 716 or 717. Three lives of this saint are extant: the best of ...

    Winona, Diocese of

    (WINONENSIS). Established in 1889, suffragan of St. Paul, comprises the following counties in ...

    Winslow, Jakob Benignus

    (WINSLOW). Physician and anatomist, b. at Odense, Denmark, 27 April, 1669; d. in Paris, 3 ...

    Winwallus, Saint

    Abbot of Landevennec; d. 3 March, probably at the beginning of the sixth century, though the ...

    Winzet, Ninian

    Benedictine abbot and controversial writer, b. at Renfrew, Scotland, 1518; d. at Ratisbon, 21 ...

    Wipo

    (WIPPO). Apparently a native of Burgundy, lived in the first half of the eleventh century. He ...

    Wireker, Nigel

    Satirist, lived about 1190. He describes himself as old in the "Speculum Stultorum", which was ...

    Wirt, Wigand

    Theologian, born at Frankfort about 1460; died at Steyer, 30 June, 1519. He entered the ...

    Wisconsin

    Known as the "Badger State", admitted to the Union on 29 May, 1848, the seventeenth state ...

    Wisdom, Book of

    One of the deutero-canonical writings of the Old Testament, placed in the Vulgate between the ...

    Wisdom, Daughters of

    (LES FILLES DE LA SAGESSE). Founded at Poitiers by Blessed Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort ...

    Wise Men (Magi)

    (Plural of Latin magus ; Greek magoi ). The "wise men from the East" who came to adore ...

    Wiseman, Nicholas Patrick

    Cardinal, first Archbishop of Westminster ; b. at Seville, 2 Aug., 1802; d. in London, 15 ...

    Witchcraft

    It is not easy to draw a clear distinction between magic and witchcraft. Both are concerned with ...

    Witness

    One who is present, bears testimony, furnishes evidence or proof. Witnesses are employed in ...

    Witt, Francis Xavier

    Reformer of church music, founder of the St. CeciliaSociety for German-speaking countries, ...

    Wittenberg

    The city is in Prussian Saxony and was founded by Albert the Bear (d. 1170). He had conquered ...

    Wittman, George Michael

    Bishop-elect of Ratisbon, b. near Pleistein, Oberpfalz, Bavaria, 22 (23?) Jan., 1760; d. at ...

    Wittman, Patrizius

    Catholic journalist, b. at Ellwanger, Würtemberg, 4 January, 1818; d. at Munich, 3 ...

    Witzel, Georg

    (WICELIUS). Theologian, b. at Vacha, Province of Hesse, 1501; d. at Mainz, 16 Feb., 1573. He ...

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    Wl 1

    Wladislaw, Diocese of

    (Polish WLOCLAWEK; Latin VLADISLAVIENSIS ET POMERANLAE). The historical origin of this ...

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    Wo 23

    Wolff, George Dering

    Editor, b. at Martinsburg, West Virginia , 25 Aug., 1822; d. at Norristown, Pennsylvania, 29 ...

    Wolfgang, Saint

    Bishop of Ratisbon (972-994), born about 934; died at the village of Pupping in upper Austria, ...

    Wolfram von Eschenbach

    Generally regarded as the greatest of Middle-High-German epic poets, date of birth unknown; d. ...

    Wolgemut, Michael

    Painter and engraver, b. at Nuremberg, 1434; d. there, 1519. He was the most prominent artist of ...

    Wolowski, Louis-François-Michel-Reymond

    Born at Warsaw, 31 Aug., 1810; d. at Gisors, Eure, 15 Aug., 1876. His father, a member of the ...

    Wolsey, Thomas

    Cardinal, Archbishop of York, b. at Ipswitch, the usually accepted date, 1471, being probably ...

    Wolstan, Saint

    Benedictine, and Bishop of Worcester, b. at Long Itchington, Warwickshire, England, about 1008; ...

    Woman

    Of late years the position of woman in human society has given rise to a discussion which, as part ...

    Wood, Thomas

    Priest and confessor, b. about 1499; d. in Wisbech Castle before 1588. After being prebendary ...

    Wood-Carving

    In general, the production from wood of objects of trade or art by means of sharp instruments, as ...

    Woodcock, Venerable John

    English Franciscan martyr, b. at Leyland, Lancashire, 1603; suffered at Lancaster, 7 August, ...

    Woodhead, Abraham

    Born at Almonbury, Yorkshire, about March, 1609; died at Hoxton, Middlesex, 4 May, 1678. This ...

    Woodhouse, Blessed Thomas

    Martyr who suffered at Tyburn 19 June, 1573, being disembowelled alive. Ordained in Mary's ...

    Woods, Julian Edmund Tenison

    Priest and scientist, b. at Southwark, London, 15 Nov., 1832; d. at Sydney, New South Wales, 7 ...

    Worcester, Ancient Diocese of

    (WIGORNIENSIS.) Located in England, created in 680 when, at the Synod of Hatfield under ...

    Words (in Canon Law)

    To give the right value to words is a very important factor in the proper interpretation of ...

    World, Antiquity of the

    Various attempts have been made to establish the age of the world. Two groups of scientists have ...

    Wormwood

    ( Hebrew la'anah .) Wormwood, known for its repulsive bitterness ( Jeremiah 9:15 ; 23:15 ; ...

    Worship, Christian

    NOTION AND CHARACTERISTICS The word worship (Saxon weorthscipe , "honour"; from worth , ...

    Worsley, Edward

    Born in Lancashire, England, 1605; died at Antwerp, 2 Sept., 1676. He is said to have been ...

    Worthington, Thomas, D.D.

    Third President of Douai College , b. 1549 at Blainscough Hall, near Wigan, Lancashire; d. at ...

    Wounds, The Five Sacred

    Devotion The revival of religious life and the zealous activity of St. Bernard and St. ...

    Wouters, G. Henry

    Historian, b. at Oostham, Belgian Limburg, 3 May, 1802; d. 5 January, 1872. In 1829 he became ...

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    Wr 2

    Wright, Venerable Peter

    Martyr, b. at Slipton, Northamptonshire, 1603; suffered at Tyburn, 19 May, 1651. After spending ...

    Wright, William

    Born at York, 1562; died 18 Jan., 1639. Though he came late (23) to his studies, he then made ...

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    Wu 2

    Wulfen, Franz Xaver Freiherr von

    Botanist, b. at Belgrade, 5 November, 1728; d. at Klagenfurt, 17 March, 1805. He was the son of ...

    Wulfram, Saint

    (VULFRAMNUS.) Bishop of Sens, missionary in Frisi, born at Milly near Fontainebleau, probably ...

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    Wy 5

    Wyart, Théophile-Louis-Henri

    (In religion DOM SEBASTIAN). Abbot of Cîteaux and Abbot-General of the Order of ...

    Wyche, Saint Richard de

    Bishop and confessor, b. about 1197 at Droitwich, Worcestershire, from which his surname is ...

    Wyclif, John

    (WYCLIFFE, or WICLIF, etc.). Writer and "reformer", b. probably at Hipswell near Richmond, ...

    Wyntoun, Andrew of

    Scottish chronicler, born (as we know from the internal evidence of his writings) in the reign ...

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