(1) A Chanaanite city, to the west of Bethlehem, at the foot of the mountains of Juda. From the hands of the Chanaanites ( Genesis 38:1 sqq. ) it passed into the power of Juda ( Joshua 12:15 ; 15:35 ), was fortified by Roboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:7 ), mentioned by the prophet Micheas ( 1:15 ), and after the exile re-peopled by Jews ( Nehemiah 11:30 ; 2 Maccabees 12:38 ).
(2) The Cave of Adullam, the shelter of David and his followers ( 1 Samuel 22:1, 2 ), is situated, according to some, six miles southeast of Bethlehem, in the Wady Khareitun; but more probably near the city of Adullam.
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