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Zacatecas

(DE ZACATECAS).

Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Guadalajara. Its area is almost he same as that of the State of Zacatecas. Its population (1910) 475,863. The bishop and governor of the state reside in Zacatecas, which has 25,905 inhabitants (census of 1910), situated 2442 metres of above sea level. This territory was conquered and peopled by the Spanish between 1546 and 1548. The first parish, founded in 1569, belonged to the See of Guadalajara. The following orders established themselves in this famous mineral region: Franciscans in 1567; Augustinians, 1576; Dominicans, 1604; Order of St. John, 1610; Jesuits, 1616; and Mercedarians, 1701. The famous College of the Propagation of the Faith, founded by the Venerable Father Margil, and inaugurated, 4 May, 1721, sent out missionaries to Texas, to the French in Louisiana, and to Tamaulipas (1768), and took charge of various missions abandoned by the Jesuits, when expelled from Tarahumara and Lower California. When, in 1836, the Mexican Government asked that a bishopric be created at San Francisco , California, Francisco Garcia Diego of this college was consecrated first bishop in 1849. During the religious persecution in 1859 all the religious of the college were imprisoned, and all priests who denied absolution to those who had given their oath to the constitution of 1857, were liable to punishment; the few priests in the town hastily fled. The Diocese of Zacatecas was created from parishes of Guadalajara by Pius IX in 1863, and became suffragan of Guadalajara. It has: 2 seminaries with 101 students; 144 parochial schools, 19 colleges with about 7000 students. Protestants have 3 colleges with 55 students and 9 churches. The cathedral was begun in 1612 and completed in 1782. Its façade is of red stone, elegant, severe, and grandiose. On the hill known as the Bufa, on the outskirts of Zacatecas, is the venerated sanctuary of Nuestra Senora de los Remedios.

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Zádori, János

(DREXLER). Ecclesiastical writer, born at Katloez, County of Neutra, Hungary, 6 March, 1831; ...

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Zängerle, Roman Sebastian

Prince- Bishop of Seekan, born at Ober-Kirchberg near Ulm, 20 January, 1771; died at Seekau, 27 ...

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Zabarella, Francesco

Cardinal, celebrated canonist, born at Padua, 10 August, 1360; died at Constance, 26 September, ...

Zabulon

One of the twelve sons of Jacob and ancestor of the tribe of the same name ( Genesis 46:14 ; ...

Zacatecas

(DE ZACATECAS). Diocese in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Guadalajara. Its area is ...

Zaccaria, Francesco Antonio

Theologian, historian, and prolific writer, born at Venice, 27 March, 1714; died in Rome, 10 ...

Zacconi, Ludovico

Musical theorist, born at Pesaro about 1550; died at Venice, after 1623. He became an ...

Zacharias

( Hebrew zekharyahu and zekharyah ; meaning " Yahweh remembers ", Sept. Zacharia and ...

Zacharias Chrysopolitanus

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Zachary, Pope Saint

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Zahle and Forzol

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Zallinger zum Thurn, Jacob Anton

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Zalvidea, José Maria de

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Zama

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Zampieri, Domenico

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Zante

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Zapoteca Indians

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Zara

(JADERA). Located in Dalmatia. Zara has been a diocese since A.D. 381 and since 1146 an ...

Zarai

Titular see of Numidia in Africa, mentioned by the "Itinerarium Antonini", 35, and by the "Tabula ...

Zarlino, Gioseffe

Italian musical theorist, born at Chioggia in 1517; died at Venice, 4 February, 1590. He ...

Zasius, Ulric

A famous jurist, born at Constance in 1461; died at Freiburg, 24 Nov., 1536. After studying at ...

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Zeal

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Zegers, Nicholas Tacitus

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Zela

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Zell, Karl

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Zephyrium

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Zeuss, Johann Kaspar

Born at Vogtendorf, in Upper Franconia, 22 July, 1806; d. there, 10 Nov., 1856. He was the founder ...

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Ziegelbauer, Magnoald

Historian, born at Ellwangen, Swabia, 1689; died at Olmütz, 14 January, 1750. He took vows ...

Ziegler, Gregorius Thomas

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Zita, Saint

Model and heavenly patroness of domestic servants, born early in the thirteenth century of a ...

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Zoara

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Zoega, Jörgen

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Zosimus

Byzantine historian of the fifth and sixth century; dates of birth and death unknown. Nothing ...

Zosimus, Pope Saint

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Zuñi Indians

A Pueblo tribe residing at Zuñi on the bank of the Rio Zuñi near the boundary of ...

Zucchetto

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Zululand

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Zumárraga, Juan de

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Zurla, Giacinto Placido

Cardinal Vicar of Rome, writer on medieval geography, born at Legnano, of noble parents, 2 ...

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Zwettl

(CLARAVALLIS AUSTRIAE). A filiation of Heiligenkreuz, of the line of Morimond, situated in ...

Zwingli, Ulrich

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