Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

6/15/2014 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Scientists have pondered theory for decades; estimated to have three times the amount of water on surface

It's a fantastic theory worthy of science fiction author Jules Verne. An underground ocean, about 400 miles beneath the Earth's surface that contains three times the amount of water fond on the Earth's surface. Seeing as the world's oceans already cover three-quarters of the surface already, this is a most substantial amount of water. Scientists are now taking this theory very seriously with recent evidence.

An underground ocean is one of the theories now being debated in regards to the Earth's creation.

An underground ocean is one of the theories now being debated in regards to the Earth's creation.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

6/15/2014 (2 years ago)

Published in Technology

Keywords: Ocean, underground, theory, creation


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The theory has the potential to change our understanding of how the planet was formed. Contained in a mineral called ringwoodite, geophysicist Steve Jacobsen from Northwestern University has co-authored a groundbreaking new study. The discovery, he says, suggests the Earth's water may have come from within, driven to the surface by geological activity. This is in contrast to the prevailing theory that icy comets hitting the planet in ancient times.

"Geological processes on the Earth's surface, such as earthquakes or erupting volcanoes, are an expression of what is going on inside the Earth, out of our sight," Jacobsen said.

Light up the darkness -- by going here --

"I think we are finally seeing evidence for a whole-Earth water cycle, which may help explain the vast amount of liquid water on the surface of our habitable planet. Scientists have been looking for this missing deep water for decades."

Jacobsen and his fellow scientists are the first to provide direct evidence that there may be water in an area of the Earth's mantle known as the transition zone. They based their findings on a study of a vast underground region extending across most of the interior of the United States.

The chemical known as ringwoodite acts like a sponge due to a crystal structure that makes it attract hydrogen and trap water.

If just one percent of the weight of mantle rock located in the transition zone was water it would be equivalent to nearly three times the amount of water in our oceans, Jacobsen said.

Jacobsen's study used data from the USArray, as well as a network of seismometers across the U.S. that measure the vibrations of earthquakes. The investigation also combined Jacobsen's lab experiments on rocks simulating the high pressures found more than 600 kilometers underground.

Evidence proved that melting and movement of rock in the transition zone, hundreds of kilometers down, between the upper and lower mantles led to a process where water could become fused and trapped in the rock.

What's especially remarkable is that most melting in the mantle was previously thought to occur at a much shallower distance, about 80 kilometers below the Earth's surface.

Jacobsen says that the hidden water might also act as a buffer for the oceans on the surface, explaining why they have stayed the same size for millions of years. "If [the stored water] wasn't there, it would be on the surface of the Earth, and mountaintops would be the only land poking out," he said.

---


'Help give every student and teacher Free resources for a world-class moral Catholic education'


Copyright 2017 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for DECEMBER 2016
Universal:
End to Child-Soldiers: That the scandal of child-soldiers may be eliminated the world over.
Evangelization: Europe: That the peoples of Europe may rediscover the beauty, goodness, and truth of the Gospel which gives joy and hope to life.



Comments


More Technology

TOP TRENDING NEWS: What were 2016's most talked-about topics? Watch

Image of What were 2016's most talked-about subjects?

By Monique Crawford (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

The past year has been full of amazing, sorrowful, beautiful, controversial and stunning moments - but what were the most talked about on social media? LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - A lot has happened in 2016. In fact, there are several memes concerning the many ... continue reading


'That is an extremely important goal that has not been achieved yet' - Vatican talks to scientists about Power and Artificial Intelligence Watch

Image of Artificial Intelligence has come under scrutiny by the Vatican.

By Elise Harris (CNA/EWTN News)

This week the Vatican hosted a high-level discussion in the world of science, gathering experts to discuss the progress, benefits and limits of advances in artificial intelligence. Vatican City, Italy (CNA/EWTN News) - A new conference at the Vatican drew experts in ... continue reading


The speed of light may have been MUCH faster in the past, but WHY SHOULD YOU CARE? Watch

Image of Einstein's theory is about to be challenged. Will it survive the test?

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Measure what is measurable, and make measurable what is not. This maxim from Galileo Galilei is part of the basis of modern science. The work of a scientist is to make things measurable and devise tests. Such a test has now been developed for a possible modification to ... continue reading


DOOMSDAY - experts calculate the odds and they're scary Watch

Image of The odds of doomsday are worse than most think.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

What are the odds of the world coming to an end in any year? According to experts, those odds are more likely than most assume. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - Experts have calculated the odds of global catastrophe and concluded there's a better chance of the ... continue reading


Turns out YOU are the reason we can't have nice things! The real reason why self driving cars still aren't for sale Watch

Image of Yep, that's the reason we can't have nice things.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

It turns out you are the reason we can't have nice things. Mercedes Benz CEO, Deitmar Exler told people at AutoConference LA, that humans, not technology, are the reason why self-driving cars are not quite available now. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - ... continue reading


Scientists to celebrate 'Gold Mass' - Science and Faith are compatible Watch

Image of Scientists at MIT will celebrate their first Gold Mass on Nov. 15.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Scientists at MIT are about to celebrate a 'Gold Mass' as a way to affirm the compatibility of faith and science. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - There has been a long debate for the past few centuries over the compatibility of faith and science. Science deals ... continue reading


'We are building the technology to give anyone the power to share anything they want' - Facebook has a 10-year-plan you don't want to miss! Watch

Image of Where is Facebook headed?

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Mark Zuckerberg and Facebook CEO Mike Schroepfer unveiled the social media giant's 10-year plan - and you're not going to believe what they have in store! LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - At the F8 conference, Zuckerberg and Schroepfer took the stage to announce ... continue reading


Elon Musk proposes universal basic income, but there's a hidden dark side nobody thinks about Watch

Image of When the robots do all the work, what is there left for the people to do? What do you do with billions of people you don't need?

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Another day brings another warning from someone in the know that the robots are coming to steal your jobs. What will people do when all labor is performed by robots? How will people support themselves and feed their families? Elon Musk proposed universal basic income. ... continue reading


What happens when humans fall in love with robots? We're about to find out. Watch

Image of What happens when humans and robots do more than work together?

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

The robot revolution is troubling enough with its anticipated impact on jobs. But there may be an even greater problem on the horizon. People are likely to fall in love with their robots. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - What happens when your spouse starts ... continue reading


EPIC! A massive cloud of gas is on a collision course with our galaxy - here's what happens next... Watch

Image of As interstellar gas is compressed by gravity, stars are formed. A similar phenomenon is being observed at the heart of our galaxy where a supermassive black hole is compressing gas to form stars.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

There is a massive cloud of gas on a collision course with our galaxy, closing in at 700,000 MPH. What happens when this cloud arrives? NASA has the answer. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - In 1963, a Dutch astronomer discovered a massive cloud of gas in space ... continue reading


All Technology News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Sirach 48:1-4, 9-11
1 Then the prophet Elijah arose like a fire, his word flaring like a ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 80:2-3, 15-16, 18-19
2 over Ephraim, Benjamin and Manasseh; rouse your valour and come to our ... Read More

Gospel, Matthew 17:10-13
10 And the disciples put this question to him, 'Why then do the scribes ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for December 10th, 2016 Image

Pope Saint Gregory III
December 10: He was just standing there, not doing anything ... Read More