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By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

8/5/2014 (10 months ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Only intact jade coffin ever found in second tomb in excavation

Weapons, chariots, gold, jade - untold historical treasures, numbering more than 10,000 in total, have been uncovered in an elaborate mausoleum that was built for a king, 2,100 years ago. King Liu Fei ruled the kingdom of Jiangdu in an area of modern day Xuyi County for 26 years before dying in 128 BC. His mausoleum has yielded many priceless historical treasures.

The site contains three tombs as well as pits housing the chariots and weapons, where archeologists found more than 10,000 precious artifacts.

The site contains three tombs as well as pits housing the chariots and weapons, where archeologists found more than 10,000 precious artifacts.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

8/5/2014 (10 months ago)

Published in Asia Pacific

Keywords: King Liu Fei, jade coffin, treasures, weapons, archaeology


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Archaeologists have discovered numerous precious treasures, from jade artefacts and musical instruments to life-sized decorated chariots and weapons, which were buried alongside King Liu Fei.

An elaborate mausoleum that was built for King Liu Fei, who ruled Jiangdu 2,100 years ago, has been

An elaborate mausoleum that was built for King Liu Fei, who ruled Jiangdu 2,100 years ago, has been unearthed in China. It contains three tombs as well as pits housing the chariots and weapons, where archeologists found more than 10,000 precious artefacts. The tomb of Liu Fei is shown at the bottom of the image.


The site contains three tombs as well as pits housing the chariots and weapons, where archeologists found more than 10,000 precious artefacts.

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This is an image of a chariot-and-horse pit, made of wood, lacquer, bronze, gold and silver, found i

This is an image of a chariot-and-horse pit, made of wood, lacquer, bronze, gold and silver, found in one of the pits in the mausoleum where archaeologists found the tomb of Liu Fei. The chariots were among items buried with the ruler that would be helpful in the afterlife.


Archaeologists found a second tomb adjacent to the king's. As of yet, no one knows who was buried there but they must have been of high status. Archaeologists found pottery and lacquered objects made of gold and silver, plus jades.

By far the most important discover was a coffin fashioned out of jade, the only intact one of its kind ever discovered.

A series of 11 tombs were found to the north of the king's, but they are not thought to contain human sacrifices as this practice had died out by the time the king was buried.

Archaeologists found a second tomb adjacent to the king

Archaeologists found a second tomb adjacent to the king's. A Jade Coffin (pictured) was the most important discovery. It is the only intact one of its kind ever discovered.


One of the sites yielded gold belt hooks in the shapes of a goose and a rabbit and one revealed artefacts engraved with the name Nao.

Records indicate that Liu Fei had a beautiful consort called Lady Nao. It's not yet known if the tomb belongs to her or a relative.

The king

The king's tomb includes musical instruments, such as chime bells (pictured) which were discovered alongside elaborate monster and dragon-shaped rack stands.


It is thought that the mausoleum was plundered long ago, but archaeologists still found over 10,000 artefacts, some of which were crafted from gold, silver and jade.

Excavations of the mausoleum, which comprises three tombs as well as pits housing the chariots and weapons, took place between 2009 and 2011.
 
Liu Fei

Liu Fei's financial needs, for the afterlife, were provided for with a treasury of over 100,000 banliang coins, (pictured). These coins contain a square hole in the middle and were created when China was unified under the first emperor, who died 210 BC.


According to the journal of Chinese Archaeology, a team from Nanjing Museum examined the remains of a well that surrounded the complex, which was built to be 1,608 feet long.

Researchers worked quickly to document the site, which they said was at risk from quarrying.

A large mound of earth once protected the king's tomb, which has two shafts leading to a roomy burial chamber measuring 115ft by 85 feet. It contained goods fit for a king in his afterlife, the archaeologists explained.

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