Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

7/31/2014 (4 months ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Pope will beatify nation's first martyr, Paul Yun Ji-chung and his 23 companions

Pope Francis plans to beatify Korea's first martyr, Paul Yun Ji-chung, as well his 123 companions in his visit to South Korea in August. Paul Yun Ji-chung along with his companions were killed for their faith in the 19th Century.

Pope Francis plans to beatify Korea's first martyr, Paul Yun Ji-chung, as well his 123 companions in his visit to South Korea in August.

Pope Francis plans to beatify Korea's first martyr, Paul Yun Ji-chung, as well his 123 companions in his visit to South Korea in August.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

7/31/2014 (4 months ago)

Published in Asia Pacific

Keywords: Korea, beatification, persecution, Paul Yun Ji-chung, Confucianism


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The Pontiff will be in South Korea August 14-18, visiting the shrine of the martyrs of Seo So-mun the morning of August 16. The Pope will then travel to Seoul's Door of Gwanghwamun to say Mass and beatify Paul Yun Ji-chung and his companions later that day.

Catholicism in Korea, in contrast to China or Japan, was not introduced by a colonial or foreign power. Korean scholars learned of the teachings of Christ at the beginning of the 17th century, which was then spreading in China. The scholars at that time undertook travels with Jesuit missionaries there in order to study it.

SAVE Iraqi Christians from Genocide --

These scholars then returned to Korea to promote the faith. Christianity spread so quickly that only a few decades later, when a Chinese priest managed to enter the country, he found a well-established -- if ostracized, group of Catholics numbering in the thousands.

For Korea, a strictly hierarchical society made up by privileged scholars and nobility on the one hand, and commoners and slaves on the other, Christianity was seen by the authorities as dangerous heterodoxy to the political system of Confucianism. They also viewed Christianity as a religion that intended a social revolution.

Catholics called themselves "friends of the Lord of Heaven," which implied a relation to God based on equality, a concept unacceptable to Confucians. Authorities tried to prevent the faith from spreading by prohibiting Catholic books. Violent persecution occurred in several spurts throughout the 19th century, with more than 10,000 persons martyred.

The first of these persecutions happened in 1791. Paul Yun Ji-chung was converted to Christianity by his uncle, a scholar. Later that year he and another Catholic, James Kwong Sang-yon burned their ancestral tablets, acting in accordance with their understanding of Catholic teaching.

In what became known as the Chinsan incident, the two members of the nobility were charged with heterodoxy from Confucian norms, and beheaded.

The next violent persecution was in 1801, when hundreds of Catholics were executed, and hundreds more exiled. A few years after missionaries arrived from Paris in 1839, there were more executions of the faithful.

The Pyong-o persecution in 1846 claimed another round of martyrs for Korea, including Andrew Kim Tae-gon, its first native priest. The Pyong-in persecution of 1866 claimed most of the martyrs for Korea - 8,000 were killed, including nine foreign priests.

Of the thousands of Korean martyrs, St. John Paul II canonized 103 on May 6, 1984. During the Mass, he preached that "in a most marvelous way, divine grace soon moved your scholarly ancestors first to an intellectual quest for the truth of God's word and then to a living faith in the Risen Savior."

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


© 2014 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for December 2014
Christmas, hope for humanity:
That the birth of the Redeemer may bring peace and hope to all people of good will.
Parents: That parents may be true evangelizers, passing on to their children the precious gift of faith.



Comments


More Asia Pacific

She was just five years old -- Taliban kill their youngest victim without batting an eye during school attack Watch

Image of A Pakistani man expresses his outrage over the attacks. The Taliban have gained no sympathy from their brutality.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

They were told not to kill the littlest children, but they did it anyway, firm in their belief they would see heaven that day. Khola Altaf was just five and attending her second day of school when she was killed in the Taliban attack on her school. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


Horrific school massacre may backfire against Afghanistan Taliban Watch

Image of The Afghanistan military sweeps the streets following the deadly attack on the Peshawar school.

By Troy Dredge, Catholic Online

As members of Afghanistan's Taliban swept through an army-run school in Peshawar, the results were horrifying. Unarmed children cowered under benches as armed gunmen indiscriminately slaughtered all who stood in their path. All told, 132 children and nine school ... continue reading


Making good on Mao: China begins massive water transfer project, worlds largest Watch

Image of Once the final western leg of the project is completed, the canal system will reroute roughly 45 billion cubic meters of water annually across the country.

By Troy Dredge, Catholic Online

China has made good on one of the late Chairman Mao's visions with the world's largest transfer project. Those living in the dry, Northern provinces turned on their taps December 12 and enjoyed water from all the way in the distant Hubei province. Invention ... continue reading


This is the new face of terrorism! Two dead after gun battle in Sydney Australia Watch

Image of Australian police stand outside a cafe in Sydney, in a 17 hour standoff with an Iranian immigrant that left two dead.

By Matt Waterson (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In Australia, security forces stormed a cafe where a gunman was holding several hostages, ending a 16 hour siege. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Australian media has reported that two people, including the gunman, were killed after the security forces stormed the ... continue reading


More priests and male clergy encouraged to join fight against human trafficking Watch

Image of An Indian sex worker hides her face from the camera. More Catholic clergy are working to free women like these.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Disguised along with local police officers, nuns in India have assisted local law enforcement in raids against brothels. Many women and young girls - some as young as 12 years of age, are saved from lives of prostitution. There are now calls for more members of the ... continue reading


'Twitter' used as a weapon of warfare: Indian man found tweeting pro-Islamist State messages Watch

Image of The Islamic States has used social media to spread its propaganda.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

It has long been said that the next war would be an information war. An Indian man, since arrested, has been caught posting pro-Islamist State messages on Internet posting boards Twitter. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Twenty-four-year-old engineer Mehdi Masroor ... continue reading


Chinese freight train makes world record trip through '21st Century Silk Railway' Watch

Image of The lengthy trip was all part of a plan to check the viability of adding Spain to a rail link that already connects China with Germany five times a week.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A Chinese freight train hauling Christmas cheer set a new record after finishing a three-week journey, the longest in the world, from Yiwu in Zhejiang Province to Spain's capital, Madrid. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Traveling more than 8,000 miles of ... continue reading


For girls in rural Uttar Pradesh, internet access and computer skills can be the difference between life and death Watch

Image of While many government-run schools in India do teach children how to use the internet and computers, rural regions of the country often have no such luck.

By Matt Waterson (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

India is one of the world's fastest growing developing nations, and internet use in the country is also growing despite low-but increasing-wages. However, internet-literacy in this country, where more and more jobs require computer skills and internet access for ... continue reading


Mongolia to receive its first deacon - from Mongolia Watch

Image of The Catholic Church in Mongolia is small, but growing, dominated by foreign-born missionaries.

By Troy Dredge, Catholic Online

The Apostolic Prefecture of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia will receive its first indigenous deacon, 23-year-old Enkh Baatar during an ordination this week in South Korea. What's remarkable is that Baatar is Mongolian-born, in an area where the church is dominated by ... continue reading


Indian father strangles daughter's rapist, mutilates attacker with hot tongs Watch

Image of The rapist was a tenant of the 14-year-old daughter's father.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A 36-year-old father lured the suspected rapist of his 14-year-old daughter into his Delhi home and cooked him dinner before slipping him a sleeping pill. He then strangled and applied burning hot tongs to his daughter's attacker's genitals. The father of six ... continue reading


All Asia Pacific News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, First Samuel 1:24-28
24 When she had weaned him, she took him up with her, ... Read More

Psalm, First Samuel 2:1, 4-5, 6-7, 8
1 Hannah then prayed as follows: My heart exults in ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 1:46-56
46 And Mary said: My soul proclaims the greatness of ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for December 22nd, 2014 Image

St. Chaeromon
December 22: Bishop of Nilopolis, in Egypt. When the persecution was ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter