Skip to main content

The Purpose of Pentecost

By: Rev. Mr. Keith A. Fournier
© Third Millennium, LLC


“When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, and it filled the entire house in which they were. Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim.” Acts of the Apostles, Chapter two.


As we came to the close of the last millennium there were numerous groups within the contemporary Christian community claiming that they “really” knew the purpose of Pentecost and the reason for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the disciples who gathered in that Upper Room. Movements both within and “alongside” (“para”) of Christian churches, communities and confessions grew up throughout Christianity, claiming to be especially connected to the encounter that the early followers of Jesus had in the upper room.

Some evangelical and mainline Protestant Churches developed cherished traditions of special outpourings of the Holy Spirit at special times in the twentieth century. A modern “Pentecostal” movement was born out of several of them. Out of it, much good came. The Second Vatican Council in the Catholic Church began with a prayer for a “new Pentecost.” Within this Catholic Church, similar movements also began, some helped by the early pioneers of other Christian communities in a sign of authentic ecumenical brotherhood and sisterhood; one of the true fruits of the Holy Spirit.

Unfortunately, small groups within these larger movements began to lay some claim on both the experience of these encounters with the Holy Spirit and the criteria for judging their legitimacy in such a way that this fresh encounter with the Holy Spirit soon became a point of division rather than unity among Christians.

We still have an unusual eclectic group of some within the Protestant traditions who want to carry on this exclusive claim to somehow “having the Holy Spirit” by focusing on certain aspects of what they maintain is the “Pentecostal” experience. They seem to emphasize that they have the Spirit and others apparently do not. Or do the others just have less of it? From within them have come some high profile personalities who appear to “strut” across stages and fill TV cameras with their emphasis on themselves and their own power to perform claimed miracles; others who appear to reduce Christianity to a formula for health and wealth; and still others who reinterpret “biblical prophecy” in a science fiction-like timeline predicting when some kind of “end” was going to come.

This modern subculture of “Christian” television has fashioned almost a caricature of Christianity, far from the experience of these early followers gathered in one place expecting the fulfillment of the promise of Jesus Christ..

Was this encounter with the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room, recorded by the Apostle Luke in the Acts of the Apostles, really about a show of personal “power”, in the sense of drawing attention to any individual? Was it intended to enable a select few to “figure out” some kind of timeline so that they could “predict” events or write best selling Novels purporting to explain “Bible prophecy”?

Or, was it a call to all the followers of this Jesus Christ, this Messiah who had been raised from the dead and ascended to the Father, to now become His Body on earth, His Church, and to carry forward in time His ongoing redemptive mission until he comes again? Was it a call to shows of “power” before crowds or an invitation to live lives of sacrificial love, holiness and service on behalf of a world that God still loves - a world into which He still sends His Son…through all of us who are now baptized in water and the Spirit and joined together as the Body of Christ?

Unfortunately, what is lost in the strangeness of this kind of Christian subculture and all these claims of those who maintain they have some “inside track” on experiencing the “power of Pentecost” is the real and primary purpose of Pentecost, the birthing of the Church and its “clothing in power” for the ongoing mission of her Founder and Lord.

In addressing the purpose of Pentecost at the beginning of a new missionary age we should ask ourselves some questions. Had Jesus ever conducted massive rallies to somehow show His “stuff” during His earthly ministry? No. Rather, when crowds would gather He would feed them, preach, teach and then love them in both word and deed. What did he have to say about the timing of His inevitable return? “No-one knows the day or the hour…”

So, what was the primary purpose of this event called ...

1 | 2  Next Page

Rate This Article

Very Helpful Somewhat Helpful Not Helpful at All

Yes, I am Interested No, I am not Interested

Rate Article

1 - 2 of 2 Comments

  1. Isabel Maria
    5 years ago

    Amen! Thank you for sharing this article! It is so super-well written, and was exactly what I needed to read, thanks be to the Holy Spirit!

    I was invited to a "healing" service, last night at a local Catholic Church. It wasn't a Mass, but there was a man who, apparently, had "healing" gifts. Well, that afternoon, I went to my regular confessor, for Reconciliation. And, after he absolved me, I said, "Father, pray for me, because I'm going to a "healing" tonight. He asked me where, and who it was, and he prompty replied, "I don't approve." He said, "Isabel, if someone needs healing, that's what the sacrament of Annointing of the Sick is for. There is no such thing as a "healing Mass". Every Mass is a healing Mass."

    So, I didn't attend this "healing" last night, and I am going to forward this article about Pentecost to the man who invited me, in the first place. I, wholly, agree that many Christians are confused about the recent "adaptions" of Pentecost and, like the author claims, are "desperately in need of redemption."

    5 years ago



Leave a Comment

Comments submitted must be civil, remain on-topic and not violate any laws including copyright. We reserve the right to delete any comments which are abusive, inappropriate or not constructive to the discussion.

Though we invite robust discussion, we reserve the right to not publish any comment which denigrates the human person, undermines marriage and the family, or advocates for positions which openly oppose the teaching of the Catholic Church.

This is a supervised forum and the Editors of Catholic Online retain the right to direct it.

We also reserve the right to block any commenter for repeated violations. Your email address is required to post, but it will not be published on the site.

We ask that you NOT post your comment more than once. Catholic Online is growing and our ability to review all comments sometimes results in a delay in their publication.

Send me important information from Catholic Online and it's partners. See Sample

Post Comment

Newsletter Sign Up

Daily Readings

Reading 1, First Thessalonians 5:1-6, 9-11
About times and dates, brothers, there is no need to write to ... Read More

Saint of the Day

September 1 Saint of the Day

St. Giles, Abbot
September 1: St. Giles, Abbot (Patron of Physically Disabled) Feast day - ... Read More