A titular see in Lydia, suffragan of Sardis. It is not mentioned by any ancient geographer or historian. We possess some of its coins representing the Hermus. It is the present village of Selendi, chief town of a nahia in the caza of Koula in the vilayet of Smyrna, situated on the banks of the Selendi Tchai or Ainé Tchai, an affluent of the Hernus (now Ghediz Tchai). Some inscriptions but no ruins are found there. The list of bishops of Silandus given by Le Quien, "Oriens christianus", I, 881, needs correction: Markus, present at the Council of Nicaea, 325 (less probably bishop of Blaundus, as suggested by Ramsay, " Asia Minor ", 134), Alcimedes at Chalcedon, 451 (Anatolius, who signed the letter of the bishops of the province to Emperor Leo, 458, belongs rather to Sala, Ramsay, ibid., 122); Andreas, at the Council of Constantinople 680; Stephanus, at Constantinople, 787; Eustathius, at Constantinople, 879 (perhaps Bishop of Blaundus). The bishop mentioned as having taken part in the Council of Constantinople, 1351, belongs to the See of Synaus (Wächter, "Der Verfall des Griechentums in Kleinasien im XIV Jahrhundert", Leipzig, 1903, 63, n. 1). The See of Silandus is mentioned in the Greek "Notitiae episcopatuum" until the thirteenth century.
The Catholic Encyclopedia is the most comprehensive resource on Catholic teaching, history, and information ever gathered in all of human history. This easy-to-search online version was originally printed between 1907 and 1912 in fifteen hard copy volumes.
Designed to present its readers with the full body of Catholic teaching, the Encyclopedia contains not only precise statements of what the Church has defined, but also an impartial record of different views of acknowledged authority on all disputed questions, national, political or factional. In the determination of the truth the most recent and acknowledged scientific methods are employed, and the results of the latest research in theology, philosophy, history, apologetics, archaeology, and other sciences are given careful consideration.
No one who is interested in human history, past and present, can ignore the Catholic Church, either as an institution which has been the central figure in the civilized world for nearly two thousand years, decisively affecting its destinies, religious, literary, scientific, social and political, or as an existing power whose influence and activity extend to every part of the globe. In the past century the Church has grown both extensively and intensively among English-speaking peoples. Their living interests demand that they should have the means of informing themselves about this vast institution, which, whether they are Catholics or not, affects their fortunes and their destiny.
Copyright © Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company New York, NY. Volume 1: 1907; Volume 2: 1907; Volume 3: 1908; Volume 4: 1908; Volume 5: 1909; Volume 6: 1909; Volume 7: 1910; Volume 8: 1910; Volume 9: 1910; Volume 10: 1911; Volume 11: - 1911; Volume 12: - 1911; Volume 13: - 1912; Volume 14: 1912; Volume 15: 1912
Catholic Online Catholic Encyclopedia Digital version Compiled and Copyright © Catholic Online