Will self-testing for HIV in Africa turn deadly tide?
By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)
7/15/2014 (2 years ago)
Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)
HIV self-testing is being explored as a way of encouraging more individuals in Africa, particularly in high risk groups. It's estimated that less than half of all HIV-positive people on the African continent are unaware of their status.
Sex workers and men who have sex with men (the new euphemism for men who engage in homosexual acts with one another) are among the groups facing the heaviest burden of HIV. These groups are the most hard to reach in terms of testing and treatment.
LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - As an example, only about 15 percent of all Zambians, 25 percent of all South Africans and 39 percent of Swazis had been tested for HIV in 2011. In Botswana, the rate was higher with 62 percent of the population tested for HIV in 2011.
This, in spite of the decades of investment in testing and counselling for the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
According to Katie Nguyen, with Thomson-Reuters, one of the main reasons people in sub-Saharan Africa not getting tested for HIV 10 or 15 years ago was the lack of treatment for HIV. Drugs today can control the virus are now far more available.
"Some people continue to live in denial. But we also know that some people don't know their status because of stigma and discrimination," Felicitas Chiganze, chief operating officer of the Southern African AIDS Trust says.
The trust published legal research this week comparing laws and outlining the human rights implications of HIV self-testing in 10 countries. These included Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe where it works, and the United States, France, Britain and South Africa.
"We felt that if there was some initiative or some method that would enable people to know their status without going through some of the formal channels, that this could actually contribute to increasing the uptake for HIV testing," Chiganze said in a telephone interview.
Chiganze said sex workers and men who have sex with men ( the newest euphemism for men who engage in homosexual acts with one another) are among the groups facing the heaviest burden of HIV. These groups are the most hard to reach in terms of testing and treatment.
The research was released ahead of July 20-25 international conference on AIDS in Melbourne, where one of the key themes will be how the world can step up the pace against HIV/AIDS.
To date, the United States is the only country which has an authorized HIV self-testing kit on the market, and that although HIV self-testing is legal in Britain, no kits have met minimum European standards for use in the UK.
The study also identified barriers to HIV self-testing in the African countries. In Tanzania and Botswana, for example, HIV testing is restricted to government-approved testing centers and can only be done under the supervision of a trained professional. In South Africa, pharmacies are forbidden from selling HIV self-testing kits although self-testing is not outlawed there.
Copyright 2017 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK
Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for FEBRUARY 2017
Comfort for the Afflicted. That all those who are afflicted, especially the poor, refugees, and marginalized, may find welcome and comfort in our communities.
South Sudan has made headlines recently as a famine was officially declared and images of starving children pop up everywhere - but why is ... continue reading
In the wake of an attack on a Catholic seminary, the leader of the Church in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has issued an appeal ... continue reading
True to their word, ISIS targeted Christians in Egypt. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Coptic Christians compose a mere 10 percent of ... continue reading
'God gave orders to kill every infidel' - ISIS reveals their favorite targets in sick new propaganda film Watch
In an ISIS propaganda video released Monday, the suicide bomber responsible for the St. Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral <a ... continue reading
The Colombian bishops are asking for prayers after a religious sister from Colombia was kidnapped for the home where she served in Mali. ... continue reading
by Catholic Online
- Trump dumps Obama's transgender restroom policy HD Video
- Atheist teacher accuses Christian students of harassment for inviting ...
- Why are there more Muslims than Christians in Britain's religious ...
- Urgent action necessary for 5.5 million people starving in South ...
- Daily Readings for Friday, February 24, 2017
- St. John Theristus: Saint of the Day for Friday, February 24, 2017
- London's famed 'actors' church' reveals marvelously beautiful new ...
- Daily Reading for Saturday, February 25th, 2017 HD
- Daily Reading for Friday, February 24th, 2017 HD
- Scientists predict Biblical flood for California HD
- New pilgrimage route recreates Jesus' footsteps HD
Copyright 2017 Catholic Online. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2017 Catholic Online. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.