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Journalists Killed Worldwide

The Committee to Protect Journalists (www.cpj.org) compiles details about journalists killed in the line of duty worldwide, issuing annual reports in January. The number of journalists killed each year--along with the locations and the circumstances--is the most widely cited barometer of press freedom.

• CPJ also compiles a statistical picture of the past decade to provide context and perspective. This data, updated each year, describes who is being killed and where. Here is some key data:

DEADLIEST COUNTRIES
1996-2005

Iraq: 60
Colombia: 28
Philippines: 26
Russia: 23
Sierra Leone: 16
India: 15
Bangladesh: 12
Serbia and Montenegro: 10
Afghanistan: 10
Mexico: 9
Algeria: 9

DEATHS BY YEAR

2005: 47
2004: 57
2003: 40
2002: 20
2001: 37
2000: 24
1999: 36
1998: 24
1997: 26
1996: 26

DECADE TOTAL: 337

DEMOGRAPHIC TRAITS
1996-2005

Female journalists: 19
Photographers and camera operators: 67
Radio journalists: 62
U.S. journalists: 9

DEATHS BY CIRCUMSTANCE
1996-2005

Murder: 237 (70.3 percent)
Crossfire in war: 67 (19.9 percent)
Reporting in other dangerous circumstances: 33 (9.8 percent) *

* Includes such things as street demonstrations and catastrophes.

MURDER'S BACK STORY
1996-2005

Murders with impunity: 202 (85.2 percent) **
Kidnapped before slain: 29 (12.2 percent)
Threatened before murdered: 61 (25.7 percent)

** Cases in which those who ordered killings have not been arrested and prosecuted.

Methodology

CPJ applies strict journalistic standards when investigating a death. They consider a case "confirmed" only if our research confirms or strongly suggests that a journalist was killed in direct reprisal for his or her work; in crossfire; or while carrying out a dangerous assignment. They do not include journalists who are killed in accidents--such as car or plane crashes--unless the crash was caused by hostile action (for example, if a plane were shot down or a car crashed trying to avoid gunfire).

They used only confirmed cases for their statistical analysis.

If the motives are unclear, but it is possible that a journalist was killed because of his or her work, CPJ classifies the case as "unconfirmed" and continues to investigate to determine the motive for the murder.

___________________

Please Pray for all journalists and support staff around the world who risk their lives to bring you the most up-to-date news as it happens. Without them, organizations like Catholic Online could not exist.

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Keywords

Journalist, Death, News, War, Iraq

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