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Imitation of Christ

A work of spiritual devotion, also sometimes called the "Following of Christ". Its purpose is to instruct the soul in Christian perfection with Christ as the Divine Model. It consists of a series of counsels of perfection written in Latin in a familiar and even colloquial style, and is divided into four parts or books:

  • Useful admonitions for a spiritual life,
  • Admonitions concerning spiritual things;
  • Of interior consolation;
  • Of the Blessed Sacrament.
  • With the exception of the Bible , it is perhaps the most widely read spiritual book in the world. It was first published anonymously in A.D. 1418. Its authorship has been disputed, being attributed to various spiritual writers: St. Bernard, St. Bonaventure , Innocent III, Henry of Kalkar, John à Kempis, Walter Hilton, Jean Charlier de Gerson, and Giovanni Gersen. The claim of Thomas à Kempis has been completely vindicated in recent years. For details as regards the authorship and the nature of the work itself see THOMAS À KEMPIS.

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    Ib 6

    Ibagué

    (IBAGUENSIS) Suffragan of Bogotá, in the Republic of Colombia, South America. Owing to ...

    Ibar, Saint

    A pre- Patrician Irish saint, who laboured in the present County Wexford from 425 to 450, ...

    Ibarra

    (IBARRENSIS) Diocese in Southern Ecuador, suffragan of Quito, created by Pius IX , 29 ...

    Ibas

    (Syriac IHIBA or HIBA, i.e. DONATUS) Elected Bishop of Edessa in 439 as successor of ...

    Iberville, Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'

    Founder of the colony of Louisiana, b. at Villemarie, Montreal, 16 July, 1661; d. at Havana, 9 ...

    Ibora

    A titular see in the Province of Helenopont, suffragan of Amasia. The primitive name of the ...

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    Ic 6

    Iceland

    The island called Iceland, which, though really a part of America, is considered, because of its ...

    Ichthys (Fish), Symbolism of the

    Among the symbols employed by the primitive Christians, that of the fish ranks probably first in ...

    Iconium

    A titular see of Lycaonia. Xenophon (Anab., I, ii, 19) says that it is the easternmost town of ...

    Iconoclasm

    Iconoclasm ( Eikonoklasmos , "Image-breaking") is the name of the heresy that in the eighth ...

    Iconography, Christian

    The science of the description, history, and interpretation of the traditional representations ...

    Iconostasis

    (Gr. eikonostasion, eidonostasis , picture screen, from eikon , image, picture, and histemi ...

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    Idaho

    (Probably from an Arapahoe Indian word, "Gem of the Mountains"), the name first suggested for the ...

    Idatius of Lemica

    ( Also IDATIUS; LEMICA is more correctly LIMICA.) A chronicler and bishop, born at the end ...

    Idea

    (Latin idea, forma, species; Greek idea , eidos , from idein , to see; French ...

    Idealism

    In discussing this term and its meaning, reference must be had to the cognate expressions, ...

    Ideas, Association of

    (1) A principle in psychology to account for the succession of mental states; (2) the basis ...

    Idioms, Communication of

    ("Communication of Idioms"). A technical expression in the theology of the Incarnation. It ...

    Idiota

    (RAYMUNDUS JORDANUS) The nom de plume of an ancient, learned, and pious writer whose ...

    Idolatry

    (Greek eidololatria .) Idolatry etymologically denotes Divine worship given to an image, ...

    Idumea

    The country inhabited by the descendants of Edom. The word Idumea is the græcized form ...

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    Ig 8

    Iglesias de la Casa, José

    A Spanish of the coterie gathered about Meléndez, Valdés, born at Salamanca, 31 ...

    Iglesias, Diocese of

    (ECCLESIENSIS) A suffragan of Cagliari in Sardinia. The city of Iglesias is situated near ...

    Ignacio de Azevedo, Blessed

    Born at Oporto, Portugal, 1528; died near Palma, one of the Canary Islands, 15 July, 1570. He ...

    Ignatius Loyola, Saint

    Youngest son of Don Beltrán Yañez de Oñez y Loyola and Marina Saenz de Lieona ...

    Ignatius of Antioch, Saint

    Also called Theophorus ( ho Theophoros ); born in Syria, around the year 50; died at Rome ...

    Ignatius of Constantinople, Saint

    Born about 799; died 23 October, 877; son of Emperor Michael I and Procopia. His name, originally ...

    Igneus, Blessed Peter

    (Peter Aldobrandini.) An Italian monk of the Benedictine congregation of the ...

    Ignorance

    ( Latin in , not, and gnarus , knowing) Ignorance is lack of knowledge about a thing in a ...

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    IHS

    A monogram of the name of Jesus Christ . From the third century the names of our Saviour are ...

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    Ildephonsus, Saint

    Archbishop of Toledo; died 23 January, 667. He was born of a distinguished family and was a ...

    Illegitimacy

    As generally defined, and as understood in this article, illegitimacy denotes the condition of ...

    Illinois

    One of the United States of America , bounded on the north by Wisconsin, on the west by the ...

    Illinois Indians

    (Illinois, through the French, from Illini-wek, i.e., men ; the name used by themselves). An ...

    Illtyd, Saint

    (Or ILTUTUS.) Flourished in the latter part of the fifth and beginning of the sixth century, ...

    Illuminated Manuscripts

    I. ORIGIN A large number of manuscripts are covered with painted ornaments which may be ...

    Illuminati

    The name assumed by the members of a secret society founded by Adam Weishaupt in 1776. ...

    Illuminati

    (Alumbrados.) The name assumed by some false mystics who appeared in Spain in the sixteenth ...

    Illuminative Way

    The word state is used in various senses by theologians and spiritual writers. It may be ...

    Illyria

    A district of the Balkan Peninsula, which has varied in extent at different periods. To the Greek ...

    Iltutus, Saint

    (Or ILTUTUS.) Flourished in the latter part of the fifth and beginning of the sixth century, ...

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    Im 20

    Images, Veneration of

    I. IMAGES IN THE OLD TESTAMENT The First Commandment would seem absolutely to forbid the making ...

    Imagination

    ITS NATURE Imagination is the faculty of representing to oneself sensible objects independently ...

    Imbonati, Carlo Giuseppe

    Cistercian of the Reform of St. Bernard, orientalist, biographer, theologian ; born at Milan ; ...

    Imhof, Maximus von

    German physicist, born 26 July, 1758, at Rissbach, in Bavaria ; died 11 April, 1817 at ...

    Imitation of Christ

    A work of spiritual devotion, also sometimes called the "Following of Christ". Its purpose is to ...

    Immaculate Conception

    The doctrine In the Constitution Ineffabilis Deus of 8 December, 1854, Pius IX pronounced ...

    Immaculate Conception, Congregation of the

    I. Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady (The Conceptionists). Founded in 1484 ...

    Immanence

    ( Latin in manere , to remain in) Immanence is the quality of any action which begins and ...

    Immanuel

    Emmanual ( Septuagint Emmanouel ; A.V., Immanuel ) signifies " God with us" ( Matthew 1:23 ), ...

    Immortality

    ( Latin, in, mortalis; German, Unsterblichkeit ) By immortality is ordinarily understood ...

    Immunity

    ( Latin immunitas ). Immunity means an exemption from a legal obligation ( munus ), ...

    Imola

    (Imolensis) Diocese ; suffragan of Bologna. The city is located on the Santerno, and was ...

    Imola, Innocenzo di Pietro Francucci da

    Italian painter ; b. at Imola, c. 1494; d. at Bologna, c. 1550. When but twelve years of age he ...

    Impanation

    An heretical doctrine according to which Christ is in the Eucharist through His human body ...

    Impediments, Canonical

    I. GENERAL NOTION OF AN IMPEDIMENT The Latin word impedimentum signifies directly whatever ...

    Imperative, Categorical

    A term which originated in Immanuel Kant'sethics. It expresses the moral law as ultimately ...

    Imperfect Contrition

    Attrition or Imperfect Contrition (Latin attero , "to wear away by rubbing"; p. part. ...

    Imposition of Hands

    A symbolical ceremony by which one intends to communicate to another some favour, quality or ...

    Impostors

    Under this heading we may notice a certain number of objectionable characters who, while not of ...

    Improperia

    The Improperia are the reproaches which in the liturgy of the Office of Good Friday the Saviour ...

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    In 91

    In Cœna Domini

    A papal Bull, so called from the feast on which it was annually published in Rome, viz, the ...

    In Commendam

    A phrase used in canon law to designate a certain manner of collating an ecclesiastical benefice ...

    In Partibus Infidelium

    (Often shortened to in partibus , or abbreviated as i.p.i. ). A term meaning "in the lands ...

    In Petto

    An Italian translation of the Latin in pectore , "in the breast", i.e. in the secret of the ...

    Incardination and Excardination

    (Latin cardo, a pivot, socket, or hinge--hence, incardinare, to hang on a hinge, or fix; ...

    Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament, Order of the

    Founded in the early part of the seventeenth century by Jeanne Chezard de Matel. The illustrious ...

    Incarnate Word, Sisters of Charity of the

    This congregation, with simple vows, was founded by Rt. Rev. C.M. Dubuis, Bishop of Galveston. ...

    Incarnation, The

    I. The Fact of the Incarnation(1) The Divine Person of Jesus ChristA. Old Testament ProofsB. New ...

    Incense

    ( Latin thus , Gr. thumiama ), an aromatic substance which is obtained from certain resinous ...

    Incest

    (Latin in , not, and castus , chaste). Incest is sexual intercourse between those who are ...

    Inchbald, Elizabeth

    Novelist, dramatist, and actress; b. at Staningfield, near Bury St. Edmunds, 15 Oct., 1753; d. at ...

    Incorporation of Church Property, Civil

    Christianity at its very beginning, found the concept of the corporation well developed under ...

    Index of Prohibited Books

    The Index of Prohibited Books, or simply "Index", is used in a restricted sense to signify the ...

    India

    In popular language the name "India", in its widest extension, is taken to include British India ...

    Indian Missions, Bureau of Catholic

    An institution originated (1874) by J. Roosevelt Bailey, Archbishop of Baltimore, for the ...

    Indiana

    Indiana, one of the United States of America , the nineteenth in point of admission, lies between ...

    Indianapolis

    (INDIANAOLITANA) Diocese ; suffragan of Cincinnati, established as the Diocese of Vincennes ...

    Indians, American

    GENERAL When Columbus landed on the island of San Salvador in 1492 he was welcomed by a ...

    Indies, Patriarchate of the East

    In consequence of an agreement between the Holy See and the Portuguese Government in 1886, ...

    Indifferentism, Religious

    The term given, in general, to all those theories, which, for one reason or another, deny that ...

    Individual, Individuality

    (Latin individuum; German Einzeln; French individuel ) An individual being is defined by ...

    Individualism

    A comprehensive and logical definition of this term is not easy to obtain. Individualism is not ...

    Indo-China

    Indo-China, the most easterly of the three great peninsulas of Southern Asia, is bounded on the ...

    Induction

    I. Induction and Deduction II. Scientific Induction III. Rational Foundations and Scope of ...

    Indulgences

    The word indulgence ( Latin indulgentia , from indulgeo , to be kind or tender) originally ...

    Indulgences, Apostolic

    The indulgences known as Apostolic or Apostolical are those which the Roman pontiff, the ...

    Indult, Pontifical

    ( Latin Indultum , found in Roman Law, bk. I, Cod. Theodos. 3, 10. and 4, 15: V, 15, 2; ...

    Ine, Saint

    (Ini or Ina). King of West Saxons, d. 728. He was a son of the underking Cenred and ascended ...

    Infallibility

    In general , exemption or immunity from liability to error or failure; in particular in ...

    Infamy

    ( Latin in , not, and fama , fame.) Infamy is loss of a good name. When this has been ...

    Infanticide

    Child-murder; the killing of an infant before or after birth. According to the French Criminal ...

    Infessura, Stefano

    Born at Rome about 1435; died about 1500. He devoted himself to the study of law, took the ...

    Infidels

    (Latin in , privative, and fidelis .) As in ecclesiastical language those who by ...

    Infinity

    (Latin infinitas; in, not, finis , the end, the boundary). Infinity is a concept of the ...

    Infralapsarians

    ( Latin, infra lapsum , after the fall). The name given to a party of Dutch Calvinists in ...

    Ingen-Housz, Jan

    Investigator of the physiology of plants, physicist, and physician, b. at Breda in North Brabant, ...

    Inghirami, Giovanni

    Italian astronomer, b. at Volterra, Tuscany, 16 April, 1779; d. at Florence, 15 August, 1851. He ...

    Ingleby, Venerable Francis

    English martyr, born about 1551; suffered at York on Friday, 3 June, 1586 (old style). According ...

    Ingolstadt, University of

    The University of Ingolstadt (1472-1800), was founded by Louis the Rich, Duke of Bavaria. The ...

    Ingram, Venerable John

    English martyr, born at Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, in 1565; executed at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 26 ...

    Ingres, Jean-Auguste Dominique

    French painter, b. at Montauban, 29 August, 1780; d. at Paris, 14 January, 1867. His father sent ...

    Ingulf

    Abbot of Croyland, Lincolnshire; d. there 17 December 1109. he is first heard of as secretary to ...

    Ingworth, Richard of

    (INGEWRTHE, INDEWURDE). Franciscan preacher who flourished about 1225. He first appears among ...

    Injustice

    ( Latin in, privative, and jus, right). Injustice, in the large sense, is a contradiction ...

    Innocent I, Pope

    Date of birth unknown; died 12 March, 417. Before his elevation to the Chair of Peter, very ...

    Innocent II, Pope

    (Gregorio Papereschi) Elected 14 Feb., 1130; died 24 Sept., 1143. He was a native of Rome and ...

    Innocent III, Pope

    (Lotario de' Conti) One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of ...

    Innocent IV, Pope

    (Sinibaldo de' Fieschi) Count of Lavagna, born at Genoa, date unknown; died at Naples, 7 ...

    Innocent IX, Pope

    (Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti) Born at Bologna, 22 July, 1519; elected, 29 October, 1591; died ...

    Innocent V, Blessed Pope

    (PETRUS A TARENTASIA) Born in Tarentaise, towards 1225; elected at Arezzo, 21 January, ...

    Innocent VI, Pope

    (ETIENNE AUBERT) Born at Mont in the Diocese of Limoges ( France ); elected at Avignon, 18 ...

    Innocent VII, Pope

    (Cosimo de' Migliorati) Born of humble parents at Sulmona, in the Abruzzi, about 1336; died ...

    Innocent VIII, Pope

    (Giovanni Battista Cibò) Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, ...

    Innocent X, Pope

    (Giambattista Pamfili) Born at Rome, 6 May, 1574; died there, 7 January, 1655. His parents ...

    Innocent XI, Pope

    (Benedetto Odescalchi) Born at Como, 16 May, 1611; died at Rome, 11 August, 1689. He was ...

    Innocent XII, Pope

    (ANTONIO PIGNATELLI) Born at Spinazzolo near Naples, 13 March, 1615; died at Rome, 27 ...

    Innocent XIII, Pope

    (Michelangelo Dei Conti) Born at Rome, 13 May, 1655; died at the same place, 7 March, 1724. ...

    Innsbruck University

    Innsbruck University, officially the ROYAL IMPERIAL LEOPOLD FRANCIS UNIVERSITY IN INNSBRUCK, ...

    Inquisition

    ( Latin inquirere , to look to). By this term is usually meant a special ecclesiastical ...

    Inquisition, Canonical

    Canonical Inquisition is either extra-judicial or judicial: the former might be likened to a ...

    Insane, Asylums and Care for the

    During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries hospital care of the sick of all kinds and ...

    Insanity

    All writers on this subject confess their inability to frame a strictly logical or a completely ...

    Inscriptions, Early Christian

    Inscriptions of Christian origin form, as non-literary remains, a valuable source of information ...

    Inspiration of the Bible

    The subject will be treated in this article under the four heads: I. Belief in Inspired books; ...

    Installation

    ( Latin installare , to put into a stall). This word, strictly speaking, applies to the ...

    Instinct

    DEFINITIONS In both popular and scientific literature the term instinct has been given such a ...

    Institute of Mary

    The official title of the second congregation founded by Mary Ward. Under this title Barbara ...

    Institute of Mission Helpers of the Sacred Heart

    In the autumn of 1888, there came to Baltimore, Maryland, a convert, Mrs. Hartwell, who previous ...

    Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Irish

    Founded by Frances Mary Teresa Ball , under the direction and episcopal jurisdiction of the ...

    Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools

    NATURE AND OBJECT The Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools is a society of male ...

    Institutes, Roman Historical

    Collegiate bodies established at Rome by ecclesiastical or civil authority for the purpose of ...

    Institution, Canonical

    (Latin institutio , from instituere , to establish) In its widest signification, Canonical ...

    Intellect

    (Latin intelligere -- inter and legere -- to choose between, to discern; Greek nous ; ...

    Intendencia Oriental y Llanos de San Martín

    Vicariate Apostolic in the province of Saint Martin, Colombia, South America, created 24 March, ...

    Intention

    ( Latin intendere, to stretch toward, to aim at) is an act of the will by which that faculty ...

    Intercession

    To intercede is to go or come between two parties, to plead before one of them on behalf of the ...

    Intercession, Episcopal

    The right to intercede for criminals, which was granted by the secular power to the bishops ...

    Interdict

    (Latin interdictum , from inter and dicere ). Originally in Roman law, an ...

    Interest (in Economics)

    Notion of interest Interest is a value exacted or promised over and above the restitution of a ...

    Interest (in Psychology)

    ( Latin interest; Fr. intérêt; Germ. interesse ). The mental state called ...

    Interims

    ( Latin interim , meanwhile.) Interims are temporary settlements in matters of religion, ...

    Internuncio

    ( Latin inter , between; nuntius , messenger.) The name given in the Roman Curia to a ...

    Introduction, Biblical

    A technical name which is usually applied to two distinct, but intimately connected, things. ...

    Introit

    The Introit ( Introitus ) of the Mass is the fragment of a psalm with its antiphon sung while ...

    Intrusion

    (Latin intrudere .) Intrusion is the act by which unlawful possession of an ecclesiastical ...

    Intuition

    Intuition (Latin intueri , to look into) is a psychological and philosophical term which ...

    Inventory of Church Property

    By inventory ( Latin inventarium ) is meant a descriptive list in which are enumerated ...

    Investiture, Canonical

    ( Latin investitura , from investire , to clothe.) Canonical Investiture is the act by ...

    Investitures, Conflict of

    ( German Investiturstreit .) The terminus technicus for the great struggle between the ...

    Invincible Armada, The

    The Spanish Armada, also called the Invincible Armada ( infra ), and more correctly La Armada ...

    Invitatorium

    The Invitatorium, as the word implies, is the invitation addressed to the faithful to come and ...

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    Iona, School of

    Iona is the modern name derived by change of letter from Adamnan's Ioua ; in Bede it is Hii ...

    Ionian Islands

    A group of seven islands (whence the name Heptanesus, by which they are also designated) and a ...

    Ionian School of Philosophy

    The Ionian School includes the earliest Greek philosophers, who lived at Miletus, an Ionian ...

    Ionopolis

    A titular see in the province of Paphlagonia, suffragan of Gangres. The city was founded by a ...

    Iowa

    Iowa is one of the North Central States of the American Union, and is about midway between the ...

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    Ip 3

    Ipolyi, Arnold

    ( Family name originally STUMMER) Bishop of Grosswardein (Nagy-Várad), b. at ...

    Ippolito Galantini, Blessed

    Founder of the Congregation of Christian Doctrine of Florence; b. at Florence of obscure ...

    Ipsus

    A titular see of Phrygia Salutaris, suffragan of Synnada. The locality was famous as the scene ...

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    Ir 16

    Ireland

    GEOGRAPHY Ireland lies in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain, from which it is separated ...

    Ireland, Ven. William

    ( Alias Ironmonger.) Jesuit martyr, born in Lincolnshire, 1636; executed at Tyburn, 24 Jan. ...

    Irenaeus, Saint

    Bishop of Lyons, and Father of the Church. Information as to his life is scarce, and in some ...

    Irene, Sister

    (Catherine FitzGibbon.) Born in London, England, 12 May, 1823; died in New York, 14 August, ...

    Irenopolis

    A titular see of Isauria, suffragan of Seleucia. Five of its bishops are known: John (325), ...

    Iriarte, Ignacio de

    Painter, b. at Azcoitia, Guipuzcoa, in 1620; d. at Seville, 1685. Iriarte was the son of Esteban ...

    Irish College, in Rome

    Towards the close of the sixteenth century, Gregory XIII had sanctioned the foundation of an ...

    Irish Colleges, on the Continent

    The religious persecution under Elizabeth and James I lead to the suppression of the monastic ...

    Irish Confessors and Martyrs

    General survey The period covered by this article embraces that between the years 1540 and ...

    Irish Literature

    It is uncertain at what period and in what manner the Irish discovered the use of letters. It may ...

    Irish, The, (in countries other than Ireland)

    I. IN THE UNITED STATES Who were the first Irish to land on the American continent and the ...

    Irnerius

    (GARNERIUS) An Italian jurist and founder of the School of Glossators, b. at Bologna about ...

    Iroquois

    A noted confederacy of five, and afterwards six, cognate tribes of Iroquoian stock, and closely ...

    Irregularity

    (Latin in , not, and regula , rule, i. e. not according to rule) A canonical impediment ...

    Irremovability

    ( Latin in , not, and removere , to remove) A quality of certain ecclesiastical ...

    Irvingites

    A religious sect called after Edward Irving (1792-1834), a deposed Presbyterian minister. They ...

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    Is 27

    Isaac

    The son of Abraham and Sara. The incidents of his life are told in Genesis 15-35, in a ...

    Isaac Jogues, Saint

    French missionary, born at Orléans, France, 10 January, 1607; martyred at Ossernenon, ...

    Isaac of Armenia

    (SAHAK) Catholicos or Patriarch of Armenia (338-439), otherwise known as ISAAC THE GREAT ...

    Isaac of Nineveh

    A Nestorian bishop of that city in the latter half of the seventh century, being consecrated ...

    Isaac of Seleucia

    Patriarch of the Persian Church, d. 410. Isaac is celebrated among the patriarchs of the ...

    Isabel of France, Saint

    Daughter of Louis VIII and of his wife, Blanche of Castille, born in March, 1225; died at ...

    Isabella I

    ("LA CATÓLICA" = "THE CATHOLIC") Queen of Castile ; born in the town of Madrigal de ...

    Isaias

    Among the writers whom the Hebrew Bible styles the "Latter Prophets" foremost stands "Isaias, the ...

    Isaura

    Titular see in the Province of Lycaonia, suffragan of Iconium. Isaura, the capital of the ...

    Ischia

    Diocese of Ischia (Isclana). Ischia, suffragan to Naples, has for its territory the island of ...

    Isernia and Venafro

    (Diocese of Isernia and Venafro). Isernia is a city in the province of Campobasso in Molise ...

    Ishmael

    (Septuagint 'Ismaél ; Vulgate Ismahel, in 1 Chronicles 1:28, 20, 31 ). The son of ...

    Isidore of Pelusium, Saint

    Born at Alexandria in the latter half of the fourth century; d. not later than 449-50. He is ...

    Isidore of Seville, Saint

    Born at Cartagena, Spain, about 560; died 4 April, 636. Isidore was the son of Severianus and ...

    Isidore of Thessalonica

    Cardinal and sometime Metropolitan of Kiev or Moscow, b. at Thessalonica (Saloniki) towards ...

    Isidore the Labourer, Saint

    A Spanish daylabourer; b. near Madrid, about the year 1070; d. 15 May, 1130, at the same place. ...

    Isionda

    A titular see in the province of Pamphylia Secunda; it was a suffragan of Perge. Artemidorus, ...

    Isla, José Francisco de

    Spanish preacher and satirist, b. at Villavidantes (Kingdom of Leon ), 24 March, 1703; d. at ...

    Islam (Concept)

    Islam , an Arabic word which, since Mohammed's time, has acquired a religious and technical ...

    Islam (Religion)

    I. THE FOUNDER Mohammed, "the Praised One", the prophet of Islam and the founder of ...

    Isleta Pueblo

    The name of two pueblos of the ancient Tigua tribe, of remote Shoshoncan stock. The older and ...

    Islip, Simon

    An Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Islip, near Oxford; d. at Mayfield, Sussex, 26 April, 1366. ...

    Ismael

    (Septuagint 'Ismaél ; Vulgate Ismahel, in 1 Chronicles 1:28, 20, 31 ). The son of ...

    Ispahan

    A Catholic Armenian Latin see. Under the name of Aspandana it was once one of the principal towns ...

    Israelites

    The word designates the descendants of the Patriarch Jacob, or Israel. It corresponds to the ...

    Issachar

    The exact derivation and the precise meaning of the name are unknown. It designates, first, the ...

    Issus

    A titular see of Cilicia Prima, suffragan of Tarsus. The city is famous for a whole series of ...

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    It 9

    Ita, Saint

    Saint Ita, called the "Brigid of Munster"; b. in the present County of Waterford, about 475; d. 15 ...

    Italian Literature

    Origins and Development The modern language of Italy is naturally derived from Latin, a ...

    Italians in the United States

    Christopher Columbus, an Italian, was the leader of those who in succeeding centuries were led by ...

    Italo-Greeks

    The name applied to the Greeks in Italy who observe the Byzantine Rite. They embrace three ...

    Italy

    In ancient times Italy had several other names: it was called Saturnia, in honour of Saturn; ...

    Ite Missa Est

    This is the versicle chanted in the Roman Rite by the deacon at the end of Mass, after the ...

    Itineraria

    (MEDIEVAL CHRISTIAN GUIDE-BOOKS: Latin iter , gen. itineris , journey) Under this term are ...

    Itinerarium

    A form of prayer used by monks and clerics before setting out on a journey, and for that ...

    Ittenbach, Franz

    Historical painter ; born at Königswinter, at the foot of the Drachenfels, in 1813; died at ...

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    Iv 5

    Ives, Levi Silliman

    Born at Meriden, Connecticut, U.S.A. 16 September, 1797; d. at New York, 13 October, 1867. He ...

    Ives, Saint

    (St. Yves) St. Ives, born at Kermartin, near Tréguier, Brittany, 17 October, 1253; died ...

    Ivo of Chartres, Saint

    (YVO, YVES). One of the most notable bishops of France at the time of the Investiture ...

    Ivory

    Ivory (French ivoire ; Italian avorio ; Latin ebur ), dentine, the tusks of the elephant, ...

    Ivrea, Diocese of

    Suffragan of Turin, Northern Italy. The city is situated on the right bank of the Dora Baltea ...

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    Ix 1


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