Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

3/13/2014 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Ultimately, we just don't know--yet.

There is a vast reservoir of water underground and it may be more than all the oceans on the surface combined. Scientists say they have finally discovered solid evidence of what they have long suspected. Water is abundant deep within the Earth.

It's not exactly a mushroom forest down there with a sea as we would know it, but the quantity of water that could be there is staggering.

It's not exactly a mushroom forest down there with a sea as we would know it, but the quantity of water that could be there is staggering.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

3/13/2014 (1 year ago)

Published in Technology

Keywords: water, earth, crust, ocean


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Scientists are welcoming the first solid evidence that water is abundant deep within the Earth, found in the form of a rare mineral with molecules of water trapped inside. Scientists think there could be more water within the Earth's crust than on its oceans.

Sponge-like minerals are thought to exist deep within the Earth's mantle and could hold vast quantities of water. Unfortunately, these minerals exist hundreds of miles beneath the Earth's crust and cannot be reached with modern drilling equipment. Instead, scientists have relied on seismic data to demonstrate their hypothesis.

WISH POPE FRANCIS A HAPPY ANNIVERSARY!

Now, the discovery of a "brown diamond" a form of rock with water inside, known officialy as "ringwoodite" has been found. The rock is believed to have been brought ot the surface during a volcanic eruption and contains trace molecules of water inside of it. The water could only be present inside the rock if water were abundant in the Earth's mantle where the mineral is thought to naturally occur.

A brown diamond, also known as ringwoodite, has about 1.5 percent water inside it. It doesn

A brown diamond, also known as ringwoodite, has about 1.5 percent water inside it. It doesn't sound like a lot, but it hints at something major.


Scientists think rocks in the zone between the upper and lower mantle may contain up to 1.5 percent water. Combined, that would be more water than all of the oceans combined.

Thirsty folks shouldn't get excited yet however, the water is virtually impossible to extract.

Ringwoodite comes from hundreds of miles beneath the Earth

Ringwoodite comes from hundreds of miles beneath the Earth's crust.


Nonetheless, it's important. The water is thought to be an important component in plate tectonics and knowing where it occurs, in what concentration, and how much is present can help our understanding of plate tectonics.

The planet's crust is broken into a multitude of moving plates, sliding and grinding into one another. It is known that heat convection starting from the Earth's core is the primary mechanism that keeps these plates moving, causing earthquakes and volcanoes, as well as forming mountain ranges and such over millions of years. The water is thought to lubricate the plates, making movement easier and earthquakes more common.

Water probably enters the mantle from the crust primarily through the subduction of ocean basalt.

Water probably enters the mantle from the crust primarily through the subduction of ocean basalt.


Water is also thought to make volcanic eruptions more violent. One theory suggests that water infused into the magma under Krakatoa caused that island volcano to explode in 1883, a cataclysmic eruption that produced an explosion that was heard over 3,000 miles away.

The brown diamond in question was discovered in Brazil in 2008 and was likely brought up by an ancient volcano. It strongly suggests that there are at least wet spots beneath the Earth's crust. It took years to analyze the stone and learn that it harbored water inside.

Unfortunately, the stone is but a single sample and scientists cannot extrapolate much from one sample. Additional samples will have to be discovered to bolster the hypothesis. If found, and confirmed by some means, it could help enhance our understanding of plate tectonics. That understanding is important because plate tectonics causes earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for March 2015
Universal:
Scientists: That those involved in scientific research may serve the well-being of the whole human person.
Evangelization: Contribution of women: That the unique contribution of women to the life of the Church may be recognized always.


Rosaries, Crosses, Prayer Cards and more... by Catholic Shopping .com


Comments


More Technology

Is Facebook changing? Facebook plans to conquer the virtual world this year Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Facebook's chief technology officer, Mike Schroepfer promised that the Virtual Reality (VR) program will come into life within the year. The Oculus headset, which was on their top secret list before, was announced to be available soon, but the exact release date is not ... continue reading


Smartphones and Internet may be putting your child's mental health in jeopardy Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil

The number of young people being admitted for mental treatments since 2010 has rapidly increased. Julie Lynn Evans, a psychotherapist for over 25 years now, is grateful for the additional funding being sent into mental health services, but she believes the dilemma ... continue reading


Stealth fighter jets in U.S. set to get massive upgrades Watch

Image of Pentagon officials have stressed the importance of developing the new long-range strike bomber calling it critical to national security and nuclear deterrence.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A mainstay of United States military defense, stealth bombers have been around since the Seventies. The Air Force's aging fleet is now ready for an expensive makeover. The Pentagon intends to develop a high-priority, super-classified, next-generation bomber. ... continue reading


Will you say 'hello' to Barbie? Mattel's new Barbie doll is 'creeping out' parents, raising concerns of privacy Watch

Image of Hello Barbie will allow its owner to carry on a conversation through recorded audio and WiFi.

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Classic toy doll, Barbie, has been reinvented after the makers, Mattel received numerous requests for a Barbie doll that kids can talk to, according to a spokesperson of the toy company. Mattel's response is WiFi connected "Hello Barbie" that comes with an installed ... continue reading


Scientists find way to eliminate inherited diseases with genetically modified human eggs Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

New gene-editing techniques are being improved and could soon eliminate inherited diseases from future generations by modifying the DNA of human egg cells. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Although the idea of editing chromosomes in human eggs or sperm is feared, ... continue reading


Hidden spy cameras discovered at United States post office, installation confirmed by USPIS Watch

Image of freerepublic.com

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A hidden camera disappeared just after an hour of being discovered at a Denver local post office, Fox31 Denver reported. People became alarmed that they are being watched as they drop-off their mails with the possibility of the camera collecting their facial features ... continue reading


Your selfie can now be seen by millions: Charity campaign puts selfies on billboards for donations Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

By participating in the Ultimate Selfie Campaign (#ultimateselfiecampaign), people can now have millions of people across the United States see their selfie or favorite photo on digital billboards, while helping charities with a $25 donation. The project was an ... continue reading


BIG, BIG things predicated on Apple's 'Smartwatch' Watch

Image of A solid gold version aimed at the very rich will tarnish a brand that promises

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

While Apple remains unusually successful, there are already naysayers lining up to predict that the company's forthcoming "Smartwatch" will be a flop. Many details about the new gadget remain under wraps. Questions remain about the watch's price, the battery ... continue reading


Let there be light: New urine-powered light bulbs bring light to refugee camps Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

"Pee Power" is what the people are calling this strange innovation. British students and researchers, from the University of the West of England and the OxFam global aid agency, have invented a mode in which light bulbs can be powered by urine. The University has ... continue reading


Zombie Apocalypse: Safest plan is to 'head for the hills,' according to experts Watch

Image of In the event of a zombie apocalypse, cities would fall quickly. However, it would take weeks for zombies to penetrate into less densely populated areas.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In the event the dead return to life and begin to cannibalize the living, turning them into hordes of the shuffling undead, theoretically - there would be few options. Researchers at Cornell University offer a practical bit of advice should this happen - head ... continue reading


All Technology News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Isaiah 42:1-7
1 Here is my servant whom I uphold, my chosen one in ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 27:1, 2, 3, 13-14
1 [Of David] Yahweh is my light and my salvation, ... Read More

Gospel, John 12:1-11
1 Six days before the Passover, Jesus went to ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for March 30th, 2015 Image

St. Peter Regulatus
March 30: Also Peter Regalado, Franciscan reformer. Peter was born at ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter