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Why Celebrate Advent?

by Deacon Keith Fournier
© Third Millennium, LLC


"We know that there are three comings of the Lord. The third lies between the other two. It is invisible while the other two are visible. In the first coming He was seen on earth, dwelling among men; … in the final coming "all flesh will see the salvation of our God and they will look upon Him whom they have pierced". The intermediate coming is a hidden one; in it only the elect see the Lord within their own selves, and they are saved.

In His first coming our Lord came in our flesh and our weakness; in this middle coming He comes in Spirit and in power; in the final coming he will be seen in glory and in majesty.

Because this coming lies between the other two, it is like a road on which we travel from the first coming to the last."

St. Bernard of Clairveaux


Advent will soon begin! Our family will bring the advent wreath out of storage and set it in a prominent place on the dining room table.

As often as practicable over these four weeks preceding Christmas, we will gather as a family, light a candle, recite a prayer and sing together- inviting the coming of the Lord into our lives. So will millions of Christians the world over.

The word “Advent” is derived from the Latin words, ad-venio or adventus, which both signify a coming. It is a liturgical "season" in Catholic life and has birthed important customs in Catholic faith and life. Customs that form a framework, a texture that brings faith to life and forms patterns that move us forward in the Christian life.

The celebration of Advent dates back as early as the fourth century. It has grown throughout the history of the Western Church to become a significant part of the pattern of life, faith, culture and worship that is Catholic Christianity.

For four special weeks, preceding the great celebration of the Incarnation, the Nativity of the Lord Jesus, ("Christ-Mass"), many western Christians (Catholics and others) are invited to prepare, to "get ready", to anticipate His coming(s).

Again this year my family will attend the Sunday Vigil Mass and we will sing the ever-familiar hymn "O Come, O Come Emmanuel". That song (and others) will become the backdrop of the season, sticking in our minds individually and collectively. I know the tune will be hummed and do what music does when it is repeated, get down deep into our subconscious. It may even become "annoying"- as music can also become. Even that annoyance, however, gets to the root of Catholic life and faith. It is, as they say in the Internet world, "granular" Christianity, getting down experientially into your bones.

Catholicism is "earthy", "real", "incarnational" Christianity.

Soon the "liturgical air" will be filled with the beautiful "O Antiphons", derived from the Old Testament Hebrew Scriptures, in the Prophetic and Wisdom Books, that will be sung as a part of the formal "Liturgy of the Hours" beginning seven days before the Vigil of Christmas.

These short prayers are found in the Liturgy of the Hours, or Breviary, which all clergy, most religious orders, and increasing numbers of lay men and women use as the structure for their daily prayer throughout the western Catholic world.

As a Deacon of the Church, I will wear lavender vestments when I serve at the altar. Lavender is a color that connotes both repentance, and expectation. Therein lies the "heart", the "spirit" of the season. It is a time to "get ready" and to build up the hope within our hearts for the promised coming!

Every year, Catholic Christians repeat together-experientially- through our "liturgy" (which means the "work" of worship) the pattern of the Christian life. We walk through the great events of Christian history, corporate and individual, and we seek to inculcate the "mystery" that is the Christian faith, more deeply within our lives in the real world.

We seek to build a "way" -a pattern- of daily Christian living with our customs, practices, and celebrations. During Advent, the Church, as a mother, calls us all to get ready, to clean the house, to set special times aside, so that we will be ready for all of His comings!

The Sacred Scripture texts that we will hear at "Mass" (the Divine Liturgy) will be filled with the great figures, such as John the Baptizer, who embody the call of repentance and "preparing the way" for all who live between the first and the final coming of Jesus.

The Old and New Testament passages will be beautifully juxtaposed in every liturgy and in our formal prayer ("The Liturgy of the Hours") in order to point to all the "comings" as St Bernard so insightfully wrote about.

The faithful will be invited to experience the ...

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