Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Deacon Keith A Fournier

6/11/2014 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

When the right views government itself as the problem, the right goes wrong. When the left offers federalized government as the solution, the left goes wrong.

There has been an increasing discussion of solidarity these days. It is long overdue. We are our brother and sisters keeper. However, there has been very little discussion about the principle of subsidiarity. My experience has been that many Catholics do not even know that there is such a principle within the Social Doctrine of the Catholic Church. Instead, they borrow rhetoric from the political left or the political right in discussing - or dismissing - the proper role and function of government. When they do only that, they fail to offer a Catholic contribution to a much needed discussion of the proper role of government.

God governs. He invites us all into this effort. We were made to give ourselves in love and service to the other; to form families, associations, societies and communities of interest - and to build mediating associations through which governing occurs most effectively, compassionately and fruitfully. Each in their proper role, the participants in the overall governing enterprise are empowered to serve the common good while respecting the role of the individual,enterprise, freedom, and the primacy of the family. Catholics should affirm that we are not fully human unless we are in relationship with one another. We are, by both nature and grace, social.

God governs. He invites us all into this effort. We were made to give ourselves in love and service to the other; to form families, associations, societies and communities of interest - and to build mediating associations through which governing occurs most effectively, compassionately and fruitfully. Each in their proper role, the participants in the overall governing enterprise are empowered to serve the common good while respecting the role of the individual,enterprise, freedom, and the primacy of the family. Catholics should affirm that we are not fully human unless we are in relationship with one another. We are, by both nature and grace, social.

Highlights

By Deacon Keith A Fournier

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

6/11/2014 (2 years ago)

Published in U.S.

Keywords: subsidiarity, solidarity, social justice, social doctrine, libertariansim, socialism, distributivism, economics, liberal, conservative, left, right, government, mediating associations, Deacon Keith Fournier


WASHINGTON,DC (Catholic Online) - There has been an increasing discussion of solidarity these days. It is long overdue. We are our brother and sisters keeper. However, there has been very little discussion about the principle of subsidiarity.

My experience has been that many Catholics do not even know that there is such a principle within the Social Doctrine of the Catholic Church. Instead, they borrow rhetoric from the political left or the political right in discussing - or dismissing - the proper role and function of government.

When they do only that, they fail to offer a Catholic contribution to a much needed discussion of the proper role of government.

If you listen to some on what is called the political right you often hear a version of libertarianism which can become anti-government. It places the individual at the foundation of an understanding of freedom. It sees freedom as a freedom from and not a freedom for. In fact, it is predicated on a poor anthropology.

Finally, this kind of individualism is at odds with the helpful insights, so well summarized in the Catholic Catechism, which I offer at the end of this article.

Often the proponents of this sort of autonomous individualism paraphrase the American founders to imply that the existence of government itself is the problem.

For example, some quote slogans such as "he who governs best governs least", the source of which is unclear, and use it to hide an actual disdain for government.

I certainly understand a suspicion of big government, especially an overly federalized government - in fact I share it.

However, sometimes this kind of language reveals a failure to understand the need for - and value of - government itself. When the right views government itself as the problem, the right goes wrong.

If you listen to some on what is often called the political left, they want to federalize everything. They think that our obligation in solidarity always means establishing more federal government programs. When the left offers federalized government as the solution, the left goes wrong.

They have forgotten the role of the individual, the family and mediating institutions - and their vital roles in governing.  Further, they can tend lose sight of our personal obligation to promote the common good - by substituting big government for personal obligation and charity.

Finally, those who promote big government solutions as the answer to the social obligation are wrong when they question the empathy of anyone who disagrees with them on the efficacy or compassion of big government.

Those on the political left who support a collectivist and statist model of government can end up threatening human freedom, initiative, creativity and the human flourishing which they all promote.

They can also end up undermining the role of mediating institutions, the first of which is the family, the smallest governing unit and first vital cell of society.

An overly federalized form of big government is a disaster waiting to happen morally, politically, socially and economically. The bad fruit is all around us as our own nation moves toward a form of collectivism. 

Catholics should affirm that governing is actually meant to be something good. They should forge a new language for a public debate on this vital area of public policy.

God governs. He invites us all into this effort. We were made to give ourselves in love and service to the other; to form families, associations, societies and communities of interest - and to build mediating associations through which governing occurs most effectively, compassionately and fruitfully.

Each in their proper role, the participants in the overall governing enterprise are empowered to serve the common good while respecting the role of the individual,enterprise, freedom, and the primacy of the family.

Catholics should affirm that we are not fully human unless we are in relationship with one another. We are, by both nature and grace, social.

Freedom and human flourishing are not found in a notion of the isolated individual as the ground of human freedom. We were made for communion.

We truly are neighbors and we truly are called to stand together in solidarity. We truly are responsible for one another and must build societies which further humanize us and enable us to live in peace together.

The first society is the family. It is there where we learn socialization and are schooled in the virtues which make good citizenship even possible. Thus the family must always be the guide, polestar and measuring stick for any broader social or governing structure.

The family is the first government, the first school, the first church and the first mediating institution. All other government must defer to this first cell of social government and move out - or up - from there, never usurping the primacy of the family.

The question of governance really comes down to whether government is good, in several senses. Here are but a few.

Is it Moral? Does it recognize the existence of the higher law, the Natural Law which is a participation in God's Law?

Does it affirm that there are self evident truths? Does it recognize the fundamental human rights with which we are all endowed and acknowledge that these rights are not given to us by civil government but by God?

Does it affirm the nature and dignity of the human person as created in the Image of God?

Does the means and method of governing proposed respect this dignity of every human person, recognize the primacy of true marriage and the family and society founded upon it, and serve the true common good?

Does it promote genuine human freedom, flourishing, creativity and initiative among citizens?

Is the means and method of governing good in the sense of being effective, efficient and just?

Does it respect the self government of each individual human person?

Does it defer to the smallest social governing unit of the family?

Does it respect the other proper mediating institutions and associations by deferring first to them, providing assistance and help before assigning the task it attempts to accomplish to the centralized or federal government? (Subsidiarity is derived from the Latin subsiduum - to provide help or assistance- not usurp)

Catholics should be leery of the rhetoric of the right when it mis-characterizes government as somehow dangerous, freedom robbing - or even downright evil.

We should also be leery of the rhetoric of the left when it promotes forms of collectivism as government.

It is time for Catholics to take the principles set forth in the Social Doctrine of the Catholic Church and lead a discussion of good government which serves the common good.

We need good government.

Good government recognizes fundamental human rights, the first of which is the right to life, as endowed by the Creator and not manufactured by civil government. The proper role of government is to secure and protect those rights and not violate or usurp them.

Good government acknowledges the vital and indispensable role of mediating institutions and associations in governance, beginning with the family. It includes churches, charities, associations, and local governing bodies.

It defers to and respects their function and does not usurp their primacy.

The family and other mediating institutions are the best place for government to first occur. This model of good government acknowledges our obligations in solidarity to one another, and to the poor, but always respects and applies the principle of subsidiarity.

Now, let's consider an application of what I have proposed in my discussion above. What follows is my personal opinion.

Beside the horrid violation of the fundamental human right to life and the right to religious freedom which infects the "Affordable Care Act", thereby rendering it an unjust law, I have long maintained that it also violates the principle of subsidiarity.

It is NOT an example of good government. In fact, the HHS Mandate is but one example of what can happen when big government is left unchecked.

We certainly need to reform health care in the United States of America. However, we need a vehicle for the delivery of health care services which defers to the family, utilizes the mediating associations and respects human and economic freedom.

It will be through a discussion of good government and subsidiarity, that an alternative to the massive federalized model of the Affordable Care Act can be found.

The Federal Government should be the last place, not the first place, to which we should look in our efforts to fashion a truly just and humane society.

It is also the last place we should look to as we build an effective and just model of self government. Does it have a role? Yes, but the principle of subsidiarity must always be carefully applied and all forms of collectivism must be rejected.

I certainly hope some discussion of the proper role and means of governance comes up in the 2014 Congressional campaign and the 2016 presidential campaign which follows immediately on its heels.

It is desperately needed. Catholics should lead the way in offering such a discussion if we really care about furthering the true common good.

The Catechism of the Catholic Church makes some observations concerning society. I conclude with them:

"All men are called to the same end: God himself. There is a certain resemblance between the union of the divine persons and the fraternity that men are to establish among themselves in truth and love. Love of neighbor is inseparable from love for God".

"The human person needs to live in society. Society is not for him an extraneous addition but a requirement of his nature. Through the exchange with others, mutual service and dialogue with his brethren, man develops his potential; he thus responds to his vocation."

"A society is a group of persons bound together organically by a principle of unity that goes beyond each one of them. As an assembly that is at once visible and spiritual, a society endures through time: it gathers up the past and prepares for the future."

"By means of society, each man is established as an "heir" and receives certain "talents" that enrich his identity and whose fruits he must develop. He rightly owes loyalty to the communities of which he is part and respect to those in authority who have charge of the common good."

"Each community is defined by its purpose and consequently obeys specific rules; but "the human person . . . is and ought to be the principle, the subject and the end of all social institutions. Certain societies, such as the family and the state, correspond more directly to the nature of man; they are necessary to him."

"To promote the participation of the greatest number in the life of a society, the creation of voluntary associations and institutions must be encouraged "on both national and international levels, which relate to economic and social goals, to cultural and recreational activities, to sport, to various professions, and to political affairs."

"This "socialization" also expresses the natural tendency for human beings to associate with one another for the sake of attaining objectives that exceed individual capacities. It develops the qualities of the person, especially the sense of initiative and responsibility, and helps guarantee his rights. Socialization also presents dangers. Excessive intervention by the state can threaten personal freedom and initiative"

"The teaching of the Church has elaborated the principle of subsidiarity, according to which "a community of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order, depriving the latter of its functions, but rather should support it in case of need and help to co- ordinate its activity with the activities of the rest of society, always with a view to the common good."

"God has not willed to reserve to himself all exercise of power. He entrusts to every creature the functions it is capable of performing, according to the capacities of its own nature. This mode of government ought to be followed in social life. The way God acts in governing the world, which bears witness to such great regard for human freedom, should inspire the wisdom of those who govern human communities. They should behave as ministers of divine providence."

"The principle of subsidiarity is opposed to all forms of collectivism. It sets limits for state intervention. It aims at harmonizing the relationships between individuals and societies. It tends toward the establishment of true international order." (CCC, Article 1, #1878 - 1885)

---


'Help give every student and teacher Free resources for a world-class moral Catholic education'


Copyright 2017 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for DECEMBER 2016
Universal:
End to Child-Soldiers: That the scandal of child-soldiers may be eliminated the world over.
Evangelization: Europe: That the peoples of Europe may rediscover the beauty, goodness, and truth of the Gospel which gives joy and hope to life.



Comments


More U.S.

Meth cook and devil worshiper attacks mother then leaves her for dead with demon king's name written on her chest Watch

Image of Chase Wall attacked his mother and left her for dead with a demon king's name scrawled across her chest.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Chase Wall, a 33-year-old occult-obsessed meth addict, was arrested after beating his mother, stealing her car and leaving her for dead with a demon's name inscribed on her bloody chest. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Wall's 66-year-old mother was discovered in a ... continue reading


Amazing discovery in Canada reveals one man's controversial claim was TRUE Watch

Image of Evidence of stone tools used on a horse's jaw means humans arrived in North America thousands of years earlier than previously believed.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Researchers at the Université of Montréal (UdeM) in Canada made an important discovery this year, changing a key element of North American history. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - New research suggests humans first traveled to North America 24,000 ... continue reading


When one Bible isn't enough, use two! Trump to take oath with TWO Holy Bibles Watch

Image of Donald Trump will be sworn into office using two Bibles.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Donald Trump will be sworn into office on January 19. At that time, he will have not one but two Bibles - one of which will be pulled from the Library of Congress collection to commemorate the special event. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Donald Trump will be ... continue reading


Honoring Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, Pro-Life Christian Leader and Hero Watch

Image of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Christian Leader

By Deacon Keith Fournier

On January 27, 2017, the annual March for Life will take place once again in Washington, DC. On January 16th we commemorate a great Christian and Human Rights Leader, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He was assassinated in 1968 for defending the fundamental truth of ... continue reading


Pope Francis cited in one bishop's call for change - Will it help? Watch

Image of Pope Francis has been calling for help on behalf of immigrants for years.

By Kevin Jones (CNA/EWTN News)

The upcoming inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump has raised questions about the future of immigration reform, but the nation's Catholic bishops remain hopeful. Washington D.C. (CNA/EWTN News) - "We also find it important that we engage the present incoming ... continue reading


'The Greatest Show on Earth' to pack up for the last time after 146 years Watch

Image of The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Baily Circus will close after 146 years (Todd Hesler).

By Nikki Crawford (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Baily Circus announced they would be closing up shop for the final time this May after 146 years of bringing magic to families across the country. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Everyone knows the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & ... continue reading


Christianity on the decline under Obama, pop media, and atheist persecution Watch

Image of A church is burned in full-scale effigy at the Burning Man festival, an expression of pop culture.

By David Drudge (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Atheism and agnosticism gained a boost during Obama's presidency as the number of people claiming no religious affiliation rose during his administration. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - The Pew Research Center has released a report which states, "When it comes ... continue reading


Catholic hospital under fire for practicing religious freedoms Watch

Image of A Catholic hospital may be forced to compromise its religious rights.

By Kevin J. Jones (CNA/EWTN News)

A Catholic hospital faces an anti-discrimination lawsuit for cancelling a surgery to remove a uterus from a female who identifies as a man. The surgery was meant to treat gender dysphoria. Paterson, NJ (CNA/EWTN News) - "This case involves whether a Catholic hospital ... continue reading


Why does the Catholic University of America have a collection of over 600 Ethiopian magic scrolls? Watch

Image of Hundreds of Ethiopian religious scrolls now reside in Washington D.C.

By Adelaide Mena (CNA/EWTN News)

With a recent gift of more than 600 handmade leather manuscripts, the Catholic University of America is now home to one of the most important collections of Ethiopian religious manuscripts in the United States. Washington D.C. (CNA/EWTN News) - The collection includes ... continue reading


Rest in Peace Father Michael Scanlan. My First Spiritual Father Has Died Watch

Image of Fr Michael Scanlan, T.O.R., when I knew him.

By Deacon Keith Fournier

My heart is broken. My eyes are blurred from the tears I have shed. I lost a spiritual father. At least I lost him from this life. But, heaven has gained a new champion. The Church has gained a powerful intercessor. Dance that Irish jig my friend, my father, my ... continue reading


All U.S. News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Hebrews 7:1-3, 15-17
1 Melchizedek, king of Salem, a priest of God Most High, came to meet ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 110:1, 2, 3, 4
1 [Of David Psalm] Yahweh declared to my Lord, 'Take your seat at my ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 3:1-6
1 Another time he went into the synagogue, and there was a man present ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for January 18th, 2017 Image

St. Volusian
January 18: Bishop of Tours, France. A senator at Tours, he ... Read More