Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.

11/23/2012 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

It seems quite certain that God's "plan of salvation"--at least so long as we stay in the objective moral and religious order--requires that the Muslims disclaim the prophethood of Muhammad, reject those teachings of his that are doctrinally and morally unsound, and embrace Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, who died for them as much as for other men.

Highlights

By Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

11/23/2012 (2 years ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Muhammad, murder, rape, adultery, polygamy, genocide, theft, Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.


CORPUS CHRISTI, TX (Catholic Online) - Our thesis and task during our series of articles on Muhammad entitled "The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad," have not been very complex. 

Our thesis was this: An alleged prophet of God, especially one who is presented to us as a perfect exemplar of humanity, al-insan al-kamil, the best of all mankind, khair ul-bashar, the perfect model of conduct, uswa hasana, must at a minimum comply with the natural moral law.  This is a reasonable requirement.

Our task, given this thesis, was then this: to familiarize ourselves with the earliest Islamic sources on the life of Muhammad, accept them uncritically (that is, accepting them as historically-accurate portrayals of the historical Muhammad), and then, compare and contrast the behavior of Muhammad to some well-known, universally held notions of the natural moral law. 

This gives the benefit of the doubt to Islam and its sources.  It could very well be that Muhammad's actions were "whitewashed" by his followers.  For example, why on earth would the earliest of all biographies, the biography of Ibn Hisham, have been lost?  Why do we only have recensions or edited versions of it in the biographies of Ibn Ishaq and at-Tabari?  What parts of Ibn Hisham did not survive?  Was there possibly a "scrubbing" of the earlier biography and its ordered destruction by the Caliphs such as what seems to have happened to a limited extent with regard to the Qur'an?

Also, we must recall that we do not have biographical sources from contemporaries who witnessed Muhammad and rejected him and his message (other than that found in Muslim sources).  We know that many Jews, Christians, and Pagans found Muhammad and his message offensive, unbelievable, and violent.  These historical documents, if they existed, would, in all likelihood, provide us with an even more offensive picture of the alleged prophet of the Arabs that the historical documents the Arabs preserved.

In other words, the Muhammad of the Qur'an, of the ahadith considered by the Muslims as reliable, and the earliest approved biographies or Sira of Muhammad present Muhammad in the most biased, best light.  If these sources cannot justify Muhammad, then the other sources certainly would not justify Muhammad.

As a standard of the natural moral law, we turned to what is generally regarded as a good summary of the natural law and its basic and essential precepts, the Ten Commandments or Decalogue.  These are revealed, but the underlying laws are not revealed.  They existed in full force as a result of the natural moral law before they were handed to Moses.

We passed over the first three commandments--those that deal with man's relationship with God--because they presuppose, to some extent, truths of revelation. 

The question of what may be reliable revelation is a question that must be answered after we accept the carrier or messenger or prophet of that revelation. 

Reason, of course, can also be used as a critical faculty for showing where revelation cannot be authentic because it is unreasonable, since God is both the author of faith and the author of reason.  We have not in any way made an assessment of Muhammad's supposed revelations of Allah and whether they are reasonable.  That is a task for another day.

Revelation acknowledged by Christians as authentic (for example the teachings of Christ in the Gospels) and the teachings defined as de fide by the Church may also be used to criticize the message of an alleged messenger of God.  But to have recourse to this form of analysis we must have already accepted this revelation as authoritative.  Only a Christian can recognize the force of the arguments against the teachings of Muhammad on the basis that Muhammad denies the Trinity, denies the divinity of Christ, and denies Christ's substitutionary and atoning death on the Cross.

But we wanted an argument based upon reason alone, practical reason, moral reason.  We therefore focused on those Commandments that relate to relations among men.  We chose six: you shall not commit adultery, you shall not covet thy neighbor's wife, you shall not murder, you shall not bear false witness, you shall not steal, and you shall not covet thy neighbor's goods.
 
The only commandment we did not treat was the commandment that enjoins us to honor our mother and father.  (Since Muhammad's father predeceased his birth, and since Muhammad's mother died when Muhammad was young, there is no data to which we can turn to assess his behavior toward them.  There is interesting speculation as to whether he thought them--as polytheists and therefore guilty of the unpardonable sin of shirk--damned in hell.  For example, there is a story that Allah supposedly stopped Muhammad, to his great grief, from praying at his mother's grave because she was damned.  Did Muhammad's psyche contain a deep-seated hate for his mother?)

We also used as a standard the natural moral law as it relates to slavery.  Although not found among any of the Ten Commandments, it is generally regarded by all modern humanity--as a result of the development of human conscience aided and abetted by the light of the Gospel--that human chattel slavery is against the natural moral law.

Using the oldest Muslim biographical sources about Muhammad and other authoritative Islamic sources, and comparing his behavior with these commandments, we saw, without much effort, that Muhammad's life violated the natural law in numerous particulars. He committed polygamy, adultery, what today we would call pedophilia, incest, captured women and raped them, was involved in numerous murders of political and religious enemies and his lampooners, authorized genocide, theft, and slavery.

It is the inescapable conclusion of the natural law, our conscience, of our inner witness, that Muhammad cannot be what he claimed to be and what the Muslims claim him to be: a prophet, especially one who professed himself a perfect human, the ideal man, the universal model of all mankind. 

Muhammad's failure as a man and authentic prophet has catastrophic results for a Muslim.  The linchpin of Islam is Muhammad.  If Muhammad was not a prophet, then Muhammad was a liar or was horribly, perhaps even demonically, deceived, and Islam is in any event false. 

It is certainly demonstrable, by reason alone, that Muhammad was not a prophet, but that he lived, intentionally or in ignorance, a lie.  This conclusion is not probable: it is morally certain.  We can therefore be certain, in a way that is true for no other major religion, that Islam, on account of the moral corruption of its supposed perfect messenger, is most certainly and demonstrably false.

Muslim leadership, of course, is aware of Muhammad' behavior, and so they restrict as a matter of necessity any sort of criticism of Muhammad, even if it is historically established in their own sources. That is one reason there are such strict punishments against the critics of Muhammad.  That is why many Christians and missionaries--for example, the martyrs of Cordoba to whom I dedicated my book The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad--suffered death at the hands of Islam.

Importantly, this is an objective conclusion of Muhammad and Islam, based upon the external forum.  In writing this series, I do not mean to judge the subjective guilt or innocence of any Muslim in the internal forum of his conscience.  Nor do I claim to know what role God, in his Providence, intends for Islam: "But the plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator," and this includes "in the first place among whom are the Muslims." Lumen Gentium, 16.
 
It seems quite certain, however, that God's "plan of salvation"--at least so long as we stay in the objective moral and religious order--requires that the Muslims disclaim the prophethood of Muhammad, reject those teachings of his that are doctrinally and morally unsound, and embrace Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, who died for them as much as for other men.

Let us therefore pray for our Muslim brothers, and ask that Mary intercede on their behalf.  Let us ask those saints in heaven that have died at the hands of Islam to intercede on behalf of the sons of their former slayers.  And let us do our share.  Let us be honest with the truth, but let us also do it in love.  Let us announce the Gospel to our Muslim brothers: "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free.  Stand firm, therefore, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by the yoke of slavery" of the shari'a, of the false law of Muhammad.  (Gal. 5:1)

(This article is adapted from the book written by the author entitled, The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad: Why the Natural Law Proves Muhammad False.)

-----

Andrew M. Greenwell is an attorney licensed to practice law in Texas, practicing in Corpus Christi, Texas.  He is married with three children.  He maintains a blog entirely devoted to the natural law called Lex Christianorum.  You can contact Andrew at agreenwell@harris-greenwell.com.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for March 2015
Universal:
Scientists: That those involved in scientific research may serve the well-being of the whole human person.
Evangelization: Contribution of women: That the unique contribution of women to the life of the Church may be recognized always.


Rosaries, Crosses, Prayer Cards and more... by Catholic Shopping .com


Comments


More Middle East

Muslim migrants arrested for throwing Christians off vessel, victims feared dead Watch

Image of

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Fifteen Muslim migrants from Sicily were arrested after being accused of throwing 12 Christians overboard as they cross from Libya to Italy last Wednesday. According to the Palermo police, they detained the suspected perpetrators, while the victims are feared to be ... continue reading


Israeli Prime Minister warns of second Holocaust in memorial speech Watch

Image of

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

During his speech at a Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem for a commemorative event, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu compared Israel's current state with the operations of Washington to that of the time of Hitler. MUNTINLUPA, PHILIPPINES (Catholic ... continue reading


Israeli Jews remember Holocaust in remarkable way on 70th anniversary of Nazi death camp liberation (PHOTOS) Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

People all across Israel came to a complete standstill for two-minutes to mark the Holocaust memorial day. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - As sirens wailed across the country, the silence was echoing. Playgrounds, road traffic and beaches all came to a complete ... continue reading


Dead Sea dying as the River Jordan dries up Watch

Image of

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Dead Sea, the famed Biblical body of water tread by prophets and kings, is increasingly endangered by enormous sinkholes. Coupled with the fact that the River Jordan is evaporation the Dead Sea could be literally - dying. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Muslim woman fights against odds to reform Muslim women's marginalization Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In an attempt to clear misunderstanding after being branded as an ally of "Islamophobic speakers," Asra Normani was allowed to give a speech at the Duke University in North Carolina this Tuesday. The former correspondent for the Wall Street Journal said that her ... continue reading


'Mom! Dad! Jihadi John is going to slaughter me!' cartoon Obama cries before being beheaded in video Watch

Image of

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In a sick, crudely produced cartoon, U.S. President Barack Obama is shown being beheaded by masked figure identified as the infamous Islamist State executioner "Jihadi John." Obama is seen crying for his life before being beheaded by the cartoon figure. LOS ... continue reading


13-year-old Syrian girl gunned down by ISIS snipers while trying to flee terrorized refugee camp Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A teenage girl was shot and killed by the ISIS snipers last week, April 7. Identified as Zeynab Daghastani, the 13-year-old refugee tried to escape the Yarmouk Camp in Damascus, which was held by the militants, to go to the ISIS-free nearby neighborhood, Yalda, ... continue reading


Nine-year-old girl impregnated after Islamic State gang rape Watch

Image of Around 40,000 people had been kidnapped at gunpoint when Islamic State fighters attacked Yazidi villages last summer. Hundreds have returned, either by fleeing or being set free by ISIS.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In one of its countless crimes against humanity, a nine-year-old Yazidi girl is pregnant, after suffering sexual abuse at the hands of Islamic State militants in northern Iraq. The girl, released after nearly a year as a prisoner kept as a "sex slaves." LOS ... continue reading


ISIS executes ten doctors for refusing treatment to wounded members Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

ISIS has brutally executed ten doctors for refusing to treat the wounded militants of the organization. Al-Sumaria satellite television network reported that the doctors were shot in the head due to the refusal, saying that they do not support the activities of the ... continue reading


Increasing number of Jerusalem tourists report mental illness causing them to believe they are characters from the Bible Watch

Image of

By Hannah Raissa Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Characterized by believing they are Biblical characters in the city of Jerusalem, thousands of pilgrims are said to be suffering from a mental condition and the number of inflicted is increasing. The so-called Jerusalem syndrome was first identified by psychologists in ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Acts 6:1-7
1 About this time, when the number of disciples was ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 33:1-2, 4-5, 18-19
4 The word of Yahweh is straightforward, all he does ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 24:35-48
16 That evening the disciples went down to the shore ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for April 18th, 2015 Image

St. Apollonius the Apologist
April 18: Martyr whose Apologia, or defense of the faith, is considered ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter