Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.

11/23/2012 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

It seems quite certain that God's "plan of salvation"--at least so long as we stay in the objective moral and religious order--requires that the Muslims disclaim the prophethood of Muhammad, reject those teachings of his that are doctrinally and morally unsound, and embrace Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, who died for them as much as for other men.

Highlights

By Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

11/23/2012 (2 years ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Muhammad, murder, rape, adultery, polygamy, genocide, theft, Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.


CORPUS CHRISTI, TX (Catholic Online) - Our thesis and task during our series of articles on Muhammad entitled "The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad," have not been very complex. 

Our thesis was this: An alleged prophet of God, especially one who is presented to us as a perfect exemplar of humanity, al-insan al-kamil, the best of all mankind, khair ul-bashar, the perfect model of conduct, uswa hasana, must at a minimum comply with the natural moral law.  This is a reasonable requirement.

Our task, given this thesis, was then this: to familiarize ourselves with the earliest Islamic sources on the life of Muhammad, accept them uncritically (that is, accepting them as historically-accurate portrayals of the historical Muhammad), and then, compare and contrast the behavior of Muhammad to some well-known, universally held notions of the natural moral law. 

This gives the benefit of the doubt to Islam and its sources.  It could very well be that Muhammad's actions were "whitewashed" by his followers.  For example, why on earth would the earliest of all biographies, the biography of Ibn Hisham, have been lost?  Why do we only have recensions or edited versions of it in the biographies of Ibn Ishaq and at-Tabari?  What parts of Ibn Hisham did not survive?  Was there possibly a "scrubbing" of the earlier biography and its ordered destruction by the Caliphs such as what seems to have happened to a limited extent with regard to the Qur'an?

Also, we must recall that we do not have biographical sources from contemporaries who witnessed Muhammad and rejected him and his message (other than that found in Muslim sources).  We know that many Jews, Christians, and Pagans found Muhammad and his message offensive, unbelievable, and violent.  These historical documents, if they existed, would, in all likelihood, provide us with an even more offensive picture of the alleged prophet of the Arabs that the historical documents the Arabs preserved.

In other words, the Muhammad of the Qur'an, of the ahadith considered by the Muslims as reliable, and the earliest approved biographies or Sira of Muhammad present Muhammad in the most biased, best light.  If these sources cannot justify Muhammad, then the other sources certainly would not justify Muhammad.

As a standard of the natural moral law, we turned to what is generally regarded as a good summary of the natural law and its basic and essential precepts, the Ten Commandments or Decalogue.  These are revealed, but the underlying laws are not revealed.  They existed in full force as a result of the natural moral law before they were handed to Moses.

We passed over the first three commandments--those that deal with man's relationship with God--because they presuppose, to some extent, truths of revelation. 

The question of what may be reliable revelation is a question that must be answered after we accept the carrier or messenger or prophet of that revelation. 

Reason, of course, can also be used as a critical faculty for showing where revelation cannot be authentic because it is unreasonable, since God is both the author of faith and the author of reason.  We have not in any way made an assessment of Muhammad's supposed revelations of Allah and whether they are reasonable.  That is a task for another day.

Revelation acknowledged by Christians as authentic (for example the teachings of Christ in the Gospels) and the teachings defined as de fide by the Church may also be used to criticize the message of an alleged messenger of God.  But to have recourse to this form of analysis we must have already accepted this revelation as authoritative.  Only a Christian can recognize the force of the arguments against the teachings of Muhammad on the basis that Muhammad denies the Trinity, denies the divinity of Christ, and denies Christ's substitutionary and atoning death on the Cross.

But we wanted an argument based upon reason alone, practical reason, moral reason.  We therefore focused on those Commandments that relate to relations among men.  We chose six: you shall not commit adultery, you shall not covet thy neighbor's wife, you shall not murder, you shall not bear false witness, you shall not steal, and you shall not covet thy neighbor's goods.
 
The only commandment we did not treat was the commandment that enjoins us to honor our mother and father.  (Since Muhammad's father predeceased his birth, and since Muhammad's mother died when Muhammad was young, there is no data to which we can turn to assess his behavior toward them.  There is interesting speculation as to whether he thought them--as polytheists and therefore guilty of the unpardonable sin of shirk--damned in hell.  For example, there is a story that Allah supposedly stopped Muhammad, to his great grief, from praying at his mother's grave because she was damned.  Did Muhammad's psyche contain a deep-seated hate for his mother?)

We also used as a standard the natural moral law as it relates to slavery.  Although not found among any of the Ten Commandments, it is generally regarded by all modern humanity--as a result of the development of human conscience aided and abetted by the light of the Gospel--that human chattel slavery is against the natural moral law.

Using the oldest Muslim biographical sources about Muhammad and other authoritative Islamic sources, and comparing his behavior with these commandments, we saw, without much effort, that Muhammad's life violated the natural law in numerous particulars. He committed polygamy, adultery, what today we would call pedophilia, incest, captured women and raped them, was involved in numerous murders of political and religious enemies and his lampooners, authorized genocide, theft, and slavery.

It is the inescapable conclusion of the natural law, our conscience, of our inner witness, that Muhammad cannot be what he claimed to be and what the Muslims claim him to be: a prophet, especially one who professed himself a perfect human, the ideal man, the universal model of all mankind. 

Muhammad's failure as a man and authentic prophet has catastrophic results for a Muslim.  The linchpin of Islam is Muhammad.  If Muhammad was not a prophet, then Muhammad was a liar or was horribly, perhaps even demonically, deceived, and Islam is in any event false. 

It is certainly demonstrable, by reason alone, that Muhammad was not a prophet, but that he lived, intentionally or in ignorance, a lie.  This conclusion is not probable: it is morally certain.  We can therefore be certain, in a way that is true for no other major religion, that Islam, on account of the moral corruption of its supposed perfect messenger, is most certainly and demonstrably false.

Muslim leadership, of course, is aware of Muhammad' behavior, and so they restrict as a matter of necessity any sort of criticism of Muhammad, even if it is historically established in their own sources. That is one reason there are such strict punishments against the critics of Muhammad.  That is why many Christians and missionaries--for example, the martyrs of Cordoba to whom I dedicated my book The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad--suffered death at the hands of Islam.

Importantly, this is an objective conclusion of Muhammad and Islam, based upon the external forum.  In writing this series, I do not mean to judge the subjective guilt or innocence of any Muslim in the internal forum of his conscience.  Nor do I claim to know what role God, in his Providence, intends for Islam: "But the plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator," and this includes "in the first place among whom are the Muslims." Lumen Gentium, 16.
 
It seems quite certain, however, that God's "plan of salvation"--at least so long as we stay in the objective moral and religious order--requires that the Muslims disclaim the prophethood of Muhammad, reject those teachings of his that are doctrinally and morally unsound, and embrace Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, who died for them as much as for other men.

Let us therefore pray for our Muslim brothers, and ask that Mary intercede on their behalf.  Let us ask those saints in heaven that have died at the hands of Islam to intercede on behalf of the sons of their former slayers.  And let us do our share.  Let us be honest with the truth, but let us also do it in love.  Let us announce the Gospel to our Muslim brothers: "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free.  Stand firm, therefore, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by the yoke of slavery" of the shari'a, of the false law of Muhammad.  (Gal. 5:1)

(This article is adapted from the book written by the author entitled, The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad: Why the Natural Law Proves Muhammad False.)

-----

Andrew M. Greenwell is an attorney licensed to practice law in Texas, practicing in Corpus Christi, Texas.  He is married with three children.  He maintains a blog entirely devoted to the natural law called Lex Christianorum.  You can contact Andrew at agreenwell@harris-greenwell.com.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for July 2015
Universal:
That political responsibility may be lived at all levels as a high form of charity.
Evangelization: That, amid social inequalities, Latin American Christians may bear witness to love for the poor and contribute to a more fraternal society.



Comments


More Middle East

Secret war against terrorists waged by U.S. forces with drones Watch

Image of The Obama administration has relied heavily on drones in carrying out military strategies for dealing with Pakistan, Yemen, and Afghanistan, among several others.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A clandestine war carried out against specific agents of the Islamic State is being waged by both the CIA and U.S. Special Forces through unmanned aircraft, or drones. The program hunts down and kills terrorists operating within the nation of Syria. The program has ... continue reading


Crowd of men watch as Afghan woman receives 100 lashes for adultery Watch

Image of The Sharia Law is still strictly implemented in some areas of Afghanistan.

By Linky C. (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A man and woman who committed adultery were forced to kneel before a crowd of men while being lashed by an Afghan judge.   MUNTINLUPA CITY, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - An Afghan man and woman were filmed being lashed in front of a crowd due to adultery. Each ... continue reading


'The Great Satan': Iran military official slams United States as country's 'No. 1 enemy' Watch

Image of Gen. Mohammad Ali Jafari.

By Kenya Sinclair (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

General Mohammad Ali Jafari, the head of Iran's Revolutionary Guard, described the United States as the "Great Satan" and Iran's Experts Assembly leader announced "The Islamic Republic of Iran considers the U.S. its No. 1 enemy." LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Why the entire world should care about ISIS' destruction of a Syrian temple Watch

Image of Two people walk through what is left of a Syrian neighborhood.

By Kenya Sinclair (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

When ISIS destroyed the Temple of Baalshamin, also referred to as the Temple of Bel, they crumbled more than just pillars and rooms, they ravaged a piece of religious and cultural history loved by not only Syrians, but by the world. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


'Mystery' structure discovered in Jerusalem: Was it built after Jesus' last days in the Holy City? Watch

Image of Dr. Joe Uziel sits atop the staircase.

By Nikky Andres (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Israeli archaeologists have recently discovered a stone structure in Jerusalem that they deem to have originated from a time shortly after Jesus spent his last days in the Holy City. What the archaeologists don't know is the function the structure played almost 2,000 ... continue reading


Satellite images prove Palmyra's Temple of Bel was destroyed by ISIS Watch

Image of The Temple of Bel was destroyed by ISIS.

By Nikky Andres (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Despite recent reports, the 2,000-year-old ancient temple of Baal Shamin has been destroyed from the Syrian archaeological site of Palmyra. MUNTINLUPA, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - The Palmyra Temple of Baal Shamin was severely damaged in the explosion. According to ... continue reading


ISIS releases horrific execution video setting hanging prisoners on fire (WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT)

Image of

By Kenya Sinclair (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

New ISIS propaganda reveals the psychological torture and death of four Iraqi Shia prisoners accused of fighting the terrorist group. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The video begins with the four prisoners dressed in orange jumpsuits introducing themselves to the ... continue reading


Digital knights fight back at ISIS with 3D images Watch

Image of ISIS continuous to destroy historical sites and artifacts in Iraq and Syria.

By Linky C. (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A team of high-tech "monuments men" are determined to stop ISIS from destroying ancient sites in the Middle East. 3D printing technology is being harnessed to reconstruct destroyed antiquities in the area. MUNTINLUPA CITY, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - "Monuments ... continue reading


Iran throws a tantrum, threatens USA, Obama The Weak seeks to appease them Watch

Image of Iran has said it will oppose the USA with all its might, and it has the ability to create havoc in the Middle East. Perhaps we should take their threats at face value, and put the nation's leadership into check?

By David Drudge, Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Iran wants two things from the United States. The first is a treaty, the second is our destruction. Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Khamenei explained this in a speech on Aug. 17 which has now been published online.  LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The Joint ... continue reading


Has ISIS found a new horrific way to kill prisoners? Terrorists release movie poster hinting at different method Watch

Image of Jihadist militants often behead their captives.

By Linky C. (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

An ominous warning from ISIS revealed a possible "new killing style" to be carried out by the group during their captive's execution. A recent video featured prisoners surrounded by militants on horseback. MUNTINLUPA CITY, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - A new way of ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Colossians 1:9-14
9 That is why, ever since the day he told us, we have ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 98:2-3, 3-4, 5-6
2 Yahweh has made known his saving power, revealed ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 5:1-11
1 Now it happened that he was standing one day by the ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for September 3rd, 2015 Image

Pope Saint Gregory the Great
September 3: St. Gregory, born at Rome about the year 540, was the son of ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter