Skip to content
Deacon Keith Fournier Hi reader, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great! It's a little awkward to ask, but we need your help. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you. We're not salespeople, but we depend on donations averaging $14.76 and fewer than 1% of readers give. If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. Thank you. Help Now >

Underground 'ocean' 400 miles beneath Earth's surface may unlock mysteries of planet's creation

Free World Class Education
FREE Catholic Classes

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)
6/15/2014 (5 years ago)
Catholic Online (https://www.catholic.org)

Scientists have pondered theory for decades; estimated to have three times the amount of water on surface

It's a fantastic theory worthy of science fiction author Jules Verne. An underground ocean, about 400 miles beneath the Earth's surface that contains three times the amount of water fond on the Earth's surface. Seeing as the world's oceans already cover three-quarters of the surface already, this is a most substantial amount of water. Scientists are now taking this theory very seriously with recent evidence.

An underground ocean is one of the theories now being debated in regards to the Earth's creation.

An underground ocean is one of the theories now being debated in regards to the Earth's creation.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)
Catholic Online (https://www.catholic.org)
6/15/2014 (5 years ago)

Published in Technology

Keywords: Ocean, underground, theory, creation


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The theory has the potential to change our understanding of how the planet was formed. Contained in a mineral called ringwoodite, geophysicist Steve Jacobsen from Northwestern University has co-authored a groundbreaking new study. The discovery, he says, suggests the Earth's water may have come from within, driven to the surface by geological activity. This is in contrast to the prevailing theory that icy comets hitting the planet in ancient times.

"Geological processes on the Earth's surface, such as earthquakes or erupting volcanoes, are an expression of what is going on inside the Earth, out of our sight," Jacobsen said.

Light up the darkness -- by going here --

"I think we are finally seeing evidence for a whole-Earth water cycle, which may help explain the vast amount of liquid water on the surface of our habitable planet. Scientists have been looking for this missing deep water for decades."

Jacobsen and his fellow scientists are the first to provide direct evidence that there may be water in an area of the Earth's mantle known as the transition zone. They based their findings on a study of a vast underground region extending across most of the interior of the United States.

The chemical known as ringwoodite acts like a sponge due to a crystal structure that makes it attract hydrogen and trap water.

If just one percent of the weight of mantle rock located in the transition zone was water it would be equivalent to nearly three times the amount of water in our oceans, Jacobsen said.

Jacobsen's study used data from the USArray, as well as a network of seismometers across the U.S. that measure the vibrations of earthquakes. The investigation also combined Jacobsen's lab experiments on rocks simulating the high pressures found more than 600 kilometers underground.

Evidence proved that melting and movement of rock in the transition zone, hundreds of kilometers down, between the upper and lower mantles led to a process where water could become fused and trapped in the rock.

What's especially remarkable is that most melting in the mantle was previously thought to occur at a much shallower distance, about 80 kilometers below the Earth's surface.

Jacobsen says that the hidden water might also act as a buffer for the oceans on the surface, explaining why they have stayed the same size for millions of years. "If [the stored water] wasn't there, it would be on the surface of the Earth, and mountaintops would be the only land poking out," he said.

---


'Help Give every Student and Teacher FREE resources for a world-class Moral Catholic Education'


Copyright 2019 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK


Comments


More Technology

NASA scientist has a good case to say life discovered on Mars. If true, what does the Church say? Watch

Image of The Viking lander performed an experiment to search for signs of life on Mars. The affirmative results were dismissed, but new evidence suggests they should not have been.

A former NASA scientist just made a compelling case that evidence for life was discovered on Mars in 1976. Gilbert V. Levin published an ... continue reading


UK unrolls effective new methods to protect children on the internet

Image of New online restrictions attempt to protect children under the age of 18 from accessing pornography.

Next month, the United Kingdom will roll out new online restrictions in an attempt to protect children under the age of 18 from accessing ... continue reading



Will Facebook finally charge users? Company value plunges on weak results, poor outlook Watch

Image of Zuckerberg lost $18 billion in just five minutes of trading.

Facebook stock plunged yesterday on a poor report to Wall Street. The company's stock fell almost 20 percent, wiping out almost $150 ... continue reading


Someone in China just used blockchain to evade censorship and the implications are staggering Watch

Image of The Great Firewall of China has been breached.

Someone in China has just used blockchain technology to evade censorship, and the implications are staggering. Just as the printing press ... continue reading


Longest Blood Moon eclipse of 21st century looms, along with bad news -- is it an omen? Watch

Image of During a lunar eclipse, the moon can turn orange to blood red or black.

The longest eclipse of the 21st century will occur on the night of July 28, 2018. The eclipse will last for a minute shy of 4 hours, and ... continue reading


Never Miss any Updates!

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers.

Catholic Online Logo

Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2019 Catholic Online. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.

Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law.