Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

1/29/2014 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Evidence shows repeated use, indicating that cooking and gathering took place in one area

Next to the wheel, the discovery of fire is one of the most important discoveries made by ancient man. Before man harnessed flames, the world was plunged in darkness whenever the sun went down. All food had to be consumed raw - and many of our ancestors froze to death come the winter. Now, a team of Israeli scientists have found in the Qesem Cave, near present-day Rosh Ha'ayin, the earliest evidence of fire building over a continuous period.

Dr. Ruth Shahack-Gross and her colleagues have shown that this organization of various 'household' activities into different parts of the cave points to an organization of space.

Dr. Ruth Shahack-Gross and her colleagues have shown that this organization of various "household" activities into different parts of the cave points to an organization of space.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

1/29/2014 (2 years ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: hearth, Israel, archaeology


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Dating back to 300,000 years ago, it's the first sign that ancient man tried to rein in and control fire for the benefit of himself and others. This recent discovery suggests that those prehistoric humans had a highly advanced social structure and intellectual capacity.

Ongoing since 2000, excavations in Qesem Cave have been conducted by Professors Avi Gopher and Ran B

Ongoing since 2000, excavations in Qesem Cave have been conducted by Professors Avi Gopher and Ran Barkai of Tel Aviv University.


Ongoing since 2000, excavations in Qesem Cave have been conducted by Professors Avi Gopher and Ran Barkai of Tel Aviv University. Dr. Ruth Shahack-Gross of the Kimmel Center for Archeological Science at the Weizmann Institute has been involved in this archaeological research since excavations began, collecting samples on-site for later detailed analysis in the lab.

Illuminate the darkness with prayer!

Shahack-Gross identified a thick deposit of wood ash in the center of the cave. Using infrared spectroscopy, she and her colleagues discovered that mixed in with the ash were bits of bone and soil that had been heated to very high temperatures, conclusive proof that the area had been the site of a large hearth.

Shahack-Gross then tested the micro-morphology of the ash, extracting a cubic chunk of sediment from the hearth and hardened it in the lab.

Shahack-Gross sliced it into extremely thin slices to be placed under a microscope to observe the exact composition of the materials in the deposit and reveal how they were formed. She was able to distinguish a great many micro-strata in the ash - evidence for a hearth that was used repeatedly over time.

Before man harnessed flames, the world was plunged in darkness whenever the sun went down. All food

Before man harnessed flames, the world was plunged in darkness whenever the sun went down. All food had to be consumed raw - and many of our ancestors froze to death come the winter.


In and around the hearth area, the archaeologists found large numbers of flint tools that were clearly used for cutting meat. The flint tools found just a few meters away had a different shape, designed for other activities.

Large numbers of burnt animal bones were further evidence for repeated fire use for cooking meat. Shahack-Gross and her colleagues have shown that this organization of various "household" activities into different parts of the cave points to an organization of space - and a thus kind of social order - which is also typical of modern humans.

This suggests that the cave was a sort of base camp that prehistoric humans returned to again and again. "These findings help us to fix an important turning point in the development of human culture - that in which humans first began to regularly use fire both for cooking meat and as a focal point - a sort of campfire - for social gatherings," she says.

"They also tell us something about the impressive levels of social and cognitive development of humans living some 300,000 years ago."

Pope Francis calls for your 'prayer and action'...

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copyright 2015 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for February 2016
Universal:
That prisoners, especially the young, may be able to rebuild lives of dignity.
Evangelization: That married people who are separated may find welcome and support in the Christian community.



Comments


More Middle East

Iran raises eyebrows with mystery construction Watch

Image of Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, has remained silent about the military site construction (Wikipedia).

By Thomas Heed (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Satellite images reveal Iran's top-secret Parchin military complex has undergone quite the makeover between 2010 and 2016. The construction raises concerns about the nuclear deal and whether Iran has decided to cheat - or not. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - New ... continue reading


Two members of Jihadi John's 'ISIS Beatles' finally identified Watch

Image of Thirty-two-year-old Alexanda Kotey, along with Aine Davis, both attended the same mosque as Mohammed Emwazi, aka

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Two members of Jihadi John's infamous "ISIS Beatles," have been identified. Alexanda Kotey and Aine Davis, both from the United Kingdom have been named in connection with the believed deceased Jihadi John's special terror group. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic ... continue reading


'Dam will burst' if West does not come to aid of Syrian refugees, King of Jordan warns Watch

Image of At least 80,000 Syrian refugees are now stationed at the Al Zaatari refugee camp. The camp only has the capacity for 60,000 people (Reuters).

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

King Abdullah of Jordan says waves of Syrian refugees into his nation have placed an overwhelming strain on his country's health care and education systems. The king says that his country is at a breaking point and that help must arrive before the "dam bursts." ... continue reading


ISIS COWARD! Suicide belt bomb maker confesses he would NEVER wear one Watch

Image of Twenty-two-year-old Jasim Mohammed Atti'ya is under arrest for his role in the attack on a government building in Kirkuk, in northern Iraq in November of last year (Fox News).

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

While he makes them - he freely confesses he would never use one - to forfeit his life for the "cause" of the Islamic State. That is the confession of an incarcerated suspect believed involved in a terrorist attack. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


ENGLISH-speaking young boy featured in ISIS' latest horror beheading video Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

ISIS has released another gruesome beheading video, but this time the executioner is an English-speaking young boy. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The young boy, who's identity and ethnicity has not been determined, is featured directly threating the United ... continue reading


Disabled jihadi executes 'spy' in new horrific ISIS images Watch

Image of ISIS releases images of three more murders (YouTube).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

ISIS has released several images depicting the crucifixion of one of three accused spies in Libya. Despite the obvious gore and lack of humanity, one executioner is shown in a wheelchair. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The images were released by propaganda group ... continue reading


Russia in cahoots with ISIS? Russian airstrikes target civilian oil facilities Watch

Image of Russia allegedly aiding Assad and ISIS by targeting civilian oil facilities (EPA).

By Thomas Heed (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Humanitarian group Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently (RIBSS) has stepped forward with claims that Russia's airstrikes have turned to civilian oil facilities that have no links to ISIS. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Daily Mail reported RIBSS' claims came ... continue reading


LOST GENERATION: Scores of Kosovo men, women leave to join fight with ISIS Watch

Image of Kosovo women usually join Islamic State to follow their radicalized husbands (Reuters).

By Catholic Online (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Yong men - and many young women, seduced by the lies promised by the Islamic State, have left their native Kosovo to join the terrorist organization. Parents are left with unanswered questions. Statistically, 300 men and 36 women have left the mostly Muslim country of ... continue reading


Revolting, twisted celebration: You'll never guess how people celebrated a 23-year-old's murder Watch

Image of The nauseating celebration was captured on camera (Mohammed Yasin Photography).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Two Palestinian women murdered a 23-year-old Israeli woman after attempting to break into a grocery store and setting up bombs around Beit Horon, a Jewish community in the West Bank. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - According to Times of Israel, grocer Mordechai ... continue reading


ISIS atrocities labeled as 'genocide' by European parliament Watch

Image of A Scottish university recently protested Islamic State's genocidal policies. Photo courtesy of the Strathcyde Telegraph.

By Matt Hadro, CNA/EWTN News

Europe's leading human rights body passed a resolution on Wednesday calling ISIS atrocities as "genocide," a week before the European Parliament will vote on a similar resolution. Strasbourg, France (CNA/EWTN News) - "States should act on the presumption that ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

the FEED
by Catholic Online

  • 10 important things to consider during Lent
  • MAKE YOURSELF COUNT! Complete this quick Ash Wednesday survey
  • Stations of the Cross - Series HD Video
  • Daily Readings for Tuesday, February 09, 2016
  • Daily Reading for Tuesday, February 9th, 2016 HD Video
  • St. Apollonia: Saint of the Day for Tuesday, February 09, 2016
  • Can you answer these four challenging questions about Lent?

Daily Readings

Reading 1, First Kings 8:1-7, 9-13
1 Solomon then summoned the elders of Israel to Jerusalem to bring the ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 132:6-7, 8-10
6 Listen, we heard of it in Ephrathah, we found it at ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 6:53-56
53 Having made the crossing, they came to land at Gennesaret and moored ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for February 8th, 2016 Image

St. Jerome Emiliani
February 8: Jerome Emiliani lay chained in the dark dirty ... Read More