Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

1/29/2014 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

3,000-year-old inscription believed to be the oldest fragment retrieved from archaeological dig

A small fragment, believed to be from a cheap jug of wine intended for slave laborers, may now confirm the Old Testament stories of King David and King Solomon. Discovered last year, the 10th century BC "Ophel Inscription" is believed to be the oldest yet artifact to be mined from Jerusalem to date.

The middle portion, or 'wine, part' indicates the type of wine contained in the jar and in the Ugarit language from northern Syria. 'Yayin' means the lowest quality of wine.

The middle portion, or "wine, part" indicates the type of wine contained in the jar and in the Ugarit language from northern Syria. "Yayin" means the lowest quality of wine.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

1/29/2014 (1 year ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Jerusalem, wine, archaeology, Old Testament, King David, King Solomon


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Researchers were initially baffled by the unusual language inscribed on the fragment. A new translation sheds new light on society at the time.

"We are dealing here with real kings, and the kingdom of David and Solomon was a real fact," Gershon Galil from the department of Jewish History at Haifa University says. Galil believes the inscription is actually a form of ancient Hebrew.
 
Come, light a candle by going here --

Eight letters long, the inscription was engraved on a large clay pitcher in the second half of the 10th century B.C. during Biblical times.

Found in the Ophel area of the city, south of Temple Mount, the discovery was part of a dig by the Archaeological Institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

A word on the pitcher reads "yayin" or wine and he believes the whole inscription should read "in the year [.] M, wine, part, m [.]."

Galil explains that the first missing word ends with 'mem,' which is the final part of the word for the 20th or 30th year of the kingdom which effectively dates the wine.

The middle portion, or "wine, part" indicates the type of wine contained in the jar and in the Ugarit language from northern Syria. "Yayin" means the lowest quality of wine.

The final letter has been cut off from a longer word. Gahil thinks it could indicate where the wine came from.

"This wine wasn't served to Solomon's emissaries, or in the temple, but apparently was for the slave construction workers who worked in the area," Galil says.

Galil thinks the carving was produced after King Solomon had built the first temple, his palaces and city walls.

The find is being used to illustrate the Biblical kingdom's sophisticated society. Many people were thought to be literate, taxes were collected and builders recruited and bought to Jerusalem to build palaces and other infrastructure.

Some have debated the findings gleaned from the Bible that Jerusalem was an important city, but supporters of the Biblical accounts, including Professor Galil, believe the inscription supports stories that tell of complicated administrative systems and a strictly hierarchical society.

"Scribes that could write administrative texts could also write literary and historiographic texts and this has very important implications for the study of the Bible and understanding the history of Israel in the biblical period," he added.

Pope Francis calls for your 'prayer and action'...

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for March 2015
Universal:
Scientists: That those involved in scientific research may serve the well-being of the whole human person.
Evangelization: Contribution of women: That the unique contribution of women to the life of the Church may be recognized always.


Rosaries, Crosses, Prayer Cards and more... by Catholic Shopping .com


Comments


More Middle East

Arab nations form powerful joint military force amid Yemen attacks Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In response to a growing conflict in Yemen, the Arab leaders from different countries have agreed to form a joint military force. This decision is mostly aimed toward fighting jihadists and Islamist extremism that has invaded Iraq and Syria and is making moves toward ... continue reading


TOP SECRET: The United States publishes sensitive, classified information on Israel's nuclear program Watch

Image of In 1987, Israel's nuclear program was described as being on the same level as the United States'

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Unites States has officially breached a silent agreement with Israel that had been in place for decades. The Department of Defense declassified a top-secret document that details Israel's nuclear program. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Israel never formally ... continue reading


As Houthis rebels advance on Aden, Yemeni president flees by boat Watch

Image of A Yemeni man says the child, pictured riding a horse, was killed in the Saudi air stirke in Sana'a this week.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Saudi Arabia-led airstrikes in Yemen are targeting military installations held by the Shia rebels. The militant factions swept into the country's south and drove Yemeni President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi to flee by sea. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Hadi was ... continue reading


Saudi Arabia's airstrikes in Yemen dangerously clashing with archrival Iran Watch

Image of The greatest concern is that the conflict could evolve into a proxy war between Yemen and its neighbor Saudi Arabia, the leading Sunni power, and Iran, the leading Shia power.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The momentous divide between Sunni and Shia Muslims in the Middle East has turned into open conflict in Yemen. There are widespread fears that this will draw other nations into a much wider war. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - A Sunni coalition of Arab states ... continue reading


DRIVING MILITANTS OUT: Houthi positions in Yemen targeted by Saudi Arabia Watch

Image of The air campaign began at 7 p.m. Eastern time Wednesday, according to Saudi Ambassador Adel al-Jubeir.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Backed by other Gulf States and Egypt Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia launched airstrikes against Houthi militants in Yemen. The airstrikes were in response to the Yemeni president fleeing his palace ahead of advancing fighters. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Saudi Arabia builds megacity in middle of desert at cost of $100 billion Watch

Image of KAEC has its own website showing plans for the city, including details on how to invest in its growth.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The King Abdullah Economic City, or KAEC -- pronounced "cake," is being constructed by Saudi Arabia. The planned megacity in the desert will be slightly larger than Washington D.C. and home to approximately two million residents. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic ... continue reading


'Death to America' Iran's Supreme Leader declares on even on nuclear weapon agreement Watch

Image of When the crowd started shouting,

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

While the United States works with Iran for a comprehensive nuclear weapons treat, Iran's Supreme leader Ali Khamenei called for "Death to America" this past weekend. It was contradictory news as it came shortly after President Barack Obama appealed to Iran to ... continue reading


The Obama administration steps on more toes: U.S. moves from Israeli-Palestinian peace talks toward United Nations forced two-state resolution in Middle East crisis Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The continuous efforts to get Israelis and Palestinians to reach a peaceful agreement on land has potentially reached its peak. The United States is edging closer to supporting the United Nations Security Council in forcing a final peace settlement, a lasting two-state ... continue reading


Netanyahu takes overwhelming victory despite left-wing busing Arabs to polls during Israeli election Watch

Image of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in a message posted on Facebook declared that left-wing non-governmental organizations, or NGOs and foreign governments attempted to influence the Israeli election. He says that these entities bussed Arabs to the polls.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in a message posted on Facebook declared that left-wing non-governmental organizations, or NGOs and foreign governments were attempting to influence the upcoming Israeli election. He says that these entities intended to bus ... continue reading


'We will blacken your life and blow up your White House.' ISIS makes direct threats in new audio accepting Boko Haram's allegiance Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

"We want, Allah willing, Paris before Rome and before Al-Andalus [Spain and Portugal], [and] after that we will blacken your life and blow up your White House, Big Ben, and the Eiffel Tower, Allah willing," Islamic State spokesman, Abu Muhammad al-Adnani warns in a ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Isaiah 49:1-6
1 Coasts and islands, listen to me, pay attention, ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 71:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 15, 17
1 In you, Yahweh, I take refuge, I shall never be put ... Read More

Gospel, John 13:21-33, 36-38
21 Having said this, Jesus was deeply disturbed and ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for March 31st, 2015 Image

St. Benjamin
March 31: St. Benjamin, Martyr (Feast Day - March 31) The Christians in ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter