Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

1/29/2014 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (

3,000-year-old inscription believed to be the oldest fragment retrieved from archaeological dig

A small fragment, believed to be from a cheap jug of wine intended for slave laborers, may now confirm the Old Testament stories of King David and King Solomon. Discovered last year, the 10th century BC "Ophel Inscription" is believed to be the oldest yet artifact to be mined from Jerusalem to date.

The middle portion, or 'wine, part' indicates the type of wine contained in the jar and in the Ugarit language from northern Syria. 'Yayin' means the lowest quality of wine.

The middle portion, or "wine, part" indicates the type of wine contained in the jar and in the Ugarit language from northern Syria. "Yayin" means the lowest quality of wine.


By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (

1/29/2014 (1 year ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Jerusalem, wine, archaeology, Old Testament, King David, King Solomon

LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Researchers were initially baffled by the unusual language inscribed on the fragment. A new translation sheds new light on society at the time.

"We are dealing here with real kings, and the kingdom of David and Solomon was a real fact," Gershon Galil from the department of Jewish History at Haifa University says. Galil believes the inscription is actually a form of ancient Hebrew.
Come, light a candle by going here --

Eight letters long, the inscription was engraved on a large clay pitcher in the second half of the 10th century B.C. during Biblical times.

Found in the Ophel area of the city, south of Temple Mount, the discovery was part of a dig by the Archaeological Institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

A word on the pitcher reads "yayin" or wine and he believes the whole inscription should read "in the year [.] M, wine, part, m [.]."

Galil explains that the first missing word ends with 'mem,' which is the final part of the word for the 20th or 30th year of the kingdom which effectively dates the wine.

The middle portion, or "wine, part" indicates the type of wine contained in the jar and in the Ugarit language from northern Syria. "Yayin" means the lowest quality of wine.

The final letter has been cut off from a longer word. Gahil thinks it could indicate where the wine came from.

"This wine wasn't served to Solomon's emissaries, or in the temple, but apparently was for the slave construction workers who worked in the area," Galil says.

Galil thinks the carving was produced after King Solomon had built the first temple, his palaces and city walls.

The find is being used to illustrate the Biblical kingdom's sophisticated society. Many people were thought to be literate, taxes were collected and builders recruited and bought to Jerusalem to build palaces and other infrastructure.

Some have debated the findings gleaned from the Bible that Jerusalem was an important city, but supporters of the Biblical accounts, including Professor Galil, believe the inscription supports stories that tell of complicated administrative systems and a strictly hierarchical society.

"Scribes that could write administrative texts could also write literary and historiographic texts and this has very important implications for the study of the Bible and understanding the history of Israel in the biblical period," he added.

Pope Francis calls for your 'prayer and action'...


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'

Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for October 2015
That human trafficking, the modern form of slavery, may be eradicated.
Evangelization: That with a missionary spirit the Christian communities of Asia may announce the Gospel to those who are still awaiting it.


More Middle East

Fat ISIS member called 'The Bulldozer' earns most feared executioner in ISIS Watch

Image of


The obese extremist jihadi executioner called "The Bulldozer" has beheaded unarmed men and amputated children as a member of the terror group's "Chopping Committee." The savage built a brutal reputation as one of ISIS's most horrendous executioners. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading

Syrian Civil War: A Timeline Watch

Image of What started the Syrian conflict and how did the U.S. get involved? (Anwar Amro/AFP/Ghetty Images).


Syria gained the world's attention for its humanitarian crisis after killing at least 300,000 of its people and displacing more than 10 million due to its bloody civil war. Refugees are tossed and turned in and outside their war-torn country and other nations join in ... continue reading

Syrian Army initiates major offensive with Russian help Watch

Image of


Backed by Lebanon's Hezbollah and Russian air strikes, the Syrian army has recently announced a "vast offensive" against rebels, as NATO warns about Moscow's rising military activity in the country.  LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - With the launch of the ... continue reading

Saudi teen to be beheaded for teaching first aid to demonstrators in times of protests Watch

Image of


A second teenager will be beheaded in Saudi Arabia for participating in protests. The teen's sentence was reported only a few days following teenager's conviction sparked international outcry.  LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Dawoud al-Marhoon was only ... continue reading

China to join Russian forces in the battle against ISIS Watch

Image of China joins forces with Russia to eradicate ISIS threats (AFP).


China is allegedly preparing to unleash its military forces in Syria and join forces with Vladimir Putin's army to destroy ISIS. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Russia has carried out a series of destructive and deadly airstrikes against the terrorist nation IS ... continue reading

Violence increases in Jerusalem's Old City as tensions between Palestinians and Israelis rise Watch

Image of Palestinian/Israeli tensions continue to rise (AP).


An 18-year-old Palestinian woman was allegedly shot by an Israeli man on Wednesday, after she stabbed him during a brawl in Jerusalem's Old City. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online)  - Both parties were taken to the hospital. While the man did not receive serious ... continue reading

U.S./Iran negotiation ban effective immediately Watch

Image of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.


On Wednesday, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei prohibited further negotiations between Iran and the United States, further isolating Iran following July's nuclear deal. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Khamenei, who is the highest authority in the ... continue reading

Disturbing graphic video encourages Arabs to kill Jews in Jerusalem Watch

Image of Video promotes Jewish stereotypes and encourages Arabs to kill Jews in Jerusalem (YouTube).


A disturbing video depicting the stabbing of Jewish men was uploaded to YouTube on Hamas' official Channel. YouTube removed the video, calling it a violation of the prohibition against promoting hate speeches. However, the video was reuploaded to a pro-Israel blog. LOS ... continue reading

Russian jets shadow U.S. drones in Syria Watch

Image of U.S. predator drones were


American officials revealed that Russian fighter jets intercepted and shadowed U.S. predator drones on three separate occasions following the initiation of Russian airstrikes last week. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Intelligence reports from U.S. officials ... continue reading

Syrian woman gang raped and later stabbed to death in honor killing for being 'unclean' Watch

Image of Rockstan M. was killed by her own father and two brothers, allegedly on orders given by her mother (Twitter).


Rokstan M. managed to escape in Syria after being gang-raped by three men. She fled to Germany but was later murdered by her own father and two brothers, allegedly by her own mother's orders because she was seen as "unclean" after the sexual assault. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading

All Middle East News


Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Romans 1:16-25
16 For I see no reason to be ashamed of the gospel; ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 19:2-3, 4-5
2 day discourses of it to day, night to night hands ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 11:37-41
37 He had just finished speaking when a Pharisee ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for October 13th, 2015 Image

St. Edward the Confessor
October 13: Edward the Confessor was the son of King Ethelred III and his ... Read More