No solutions: Dakar Peace and Security Summit declared a failure
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By Kaci Racelma, Catholic Online
12/18/2014 (4 years ago)
Catholic Online (https://www.catholic.org)
Only three heads of state attended the Dakar Peace and Security Summit. At the closing of the forum, entitled "Forum on Peace and Security in Africa" earlier this week, Chadian President Idriss Deby said that the goal in Libya was accomplished, as the NATO's objective was to assassinate Muammar Gaddafi. He bitterly recalled that the destabilization of Mali began with the fall of the late Libyan dictator.
Chadian President Idriss Deby said that the goal in Libya was accomplished, as the NATO's objective was to assassinate Muammar Gaddafi.
LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The nation of France had arranged the summit. With only three heads of state in attendance - Idriss Deby of Chad, Mouhamed Ould Abdel Aziz of Mauritania and Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, the meeting ended without an efficient solution to the Dark Continent's security issues.
All three leaders are directly concerned with this issue regarding its impact on their own countries. French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called on Africans to strengthen cooperation against the jihadist challenge, warning about the threat of "destabilization" from the south of Libya and the Boko Haram in Nigeria.
French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian addresses the opening session of the first international forum on peace and security in Africa.
"The threat feeds on the absence of borders and their porosity. Southern Libya today is the most dramatic example." Drian referred to the jihadist's consolidation of this area since the French military intervention in Mali in 2013.
At the same time, at the top the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in Abuja, capital of Nigeria faces the Islamist armed group Boko Haram. Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan sounded the alarm against "the scourge of terrorism which threatens this peace and security of our sub-region, the Sahel.
"We have witnessed the increasing proliferation of small arms. Consequently, countries in the region are now threatened by rebels and terrorists," Jonathan added, saying that leaders need to act accordingly.
West African leaders were calling for "a regional alliance" to fight efficiently against piracy and terrorist violence. The Dakar summit was also the occasion for African participants to focus on the necessity to constitute a purely African army made of Africans to be able to face new challenges.
The continent experienced the largest increase in military expenditure in the world in 2013, or 8.3 percent to $ 44.9 billion, according to data from the Institute for Research on International Peace in Stockholm (SIPRI). However, many problems remain in terms of professionalism and modernization for these military branches.
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