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Sacraments in Scripture: Confession

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Uploaded by St. Joseph School on Apr 4, 2013

A brief look at the development of the sacrament of confession in Scripture. Music: Palestrina- Kyrie (public domain). Concordance below from: http://www.askacatholic.com/holyquotes/documents/_all_catholic_verses.htm#Confession Catholic Note: "Protestants have a hard time thinking that a man can give absolution for another's sins. They claim there is only one mediator between God and man: Jesus (1 Timothy 2:5). Catholics believe Christ gave His apostles the power to forgive sins, a power that has been handed down for generations through apostolic succession. The sacrament of reconciliation is Christ's gift to us. The root of all sin is pride; its antidote is humility. Confessing one's sins to God's appointed representative is thoroughly biblical, and calls for tremendous humility. The priest does not act on his own, He acts in the name of God and on behalf of His Church, administering God's forgiveness (absolution). The sacrament of Confession wipes away our sins, increases sanctifying grace in our souls, and reunites us with Christ and His Church. The Church is the extension of Christ's incarnation, and that extension takes place through the sacraments." (Scott Hahn, Swear to God, Page 22) Jesus continues his example of priestly forgiveness from the Old Testament. Leviticus 4:13-21 - "priests shall make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven" Leviticus 5:14-26 - (Sin offering brought to the Old Testament priests, who make atonement for sinners' forgiveness.) See also: - Leviticus 4:27-25, Leviticus 5:5, Numbers 5:8 Confession is not a private affair in the Bible. Leviticus 5:14-26 - (Public confession with animal sacrifice) Numbers 5:6-7 - "man ... commits a fault ... he shall confess the wrong he has done" Matthew 3:6 - "baptized by him ... as they acknowledged their sins" Acts 19:18 - "believers came forward and openly acknowledged their former practices" James 5:16 - "confess your sin to one another ... that you may be healed." See also: - Leviticus 26:39-42, Psalms 32:3-5, Proverbs 28:13, Mark 1:5 Jesus has power to forgive sins. Matthew 9:1-8 - (Healing of paralytic - "which is easier to say your sins are forgiven or ...") Son of Man has the authority to forgive sins. Mark 2:10 - (Jesus says the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins on earth) Luke 7:48 - "He said to her, 'Your sins are forgiven.'" 1 John 5:16 - there is sin that is not deadly See also: - Acts 2:38, 1 Johns 1:9 Jesus gives his power to forgive sins to His priests. Matthew 16:19 - (Jesus gives the apostles the power to bind and loose sins) Matthew 18:18 - whatever you bind and loose on earth, so it is in heaven John 20:22 - If you forgive anyone's sins, they are forgiven; if you retain anyone's sins, they are retained. John 20:23 - After saying this he breathed on them and said: Receive the Holy Spirit. (recall Genesis 2:7) 2 Corinthians 5:17-20 - "God ... has reconciled us to himself ... given us the ministry of reconciliation" James 5:14-15 - "presbyters of the church ... pray over him ... he will be forgiven" (prayer of presbyters forgives sin) See also: - Luke 22:29-30, James 5:16 After forgiveness, the need for reparation can remain. 2 Samuel 12:13-14 - "The LORD ... has forgiven your sin ... but ... child born to you must surely die" Luke 19:8-9 - (Jesus praises Zacchaeus for his promise of reparation) Penance as satisfaction for sins. Matthew 3:8 - "Produce good fruit as evidence of your repentance." 2 Corinthians 7:10 - "godly sorrow produces a salutary repentance without regret" See also: - Luke 3:8, Acts 2:38


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Sacraments Scripture Confession Reconciliation Penance Conversion Forgiveness Jesus Christ Priest


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