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By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

4/25/2014 (5 months ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Gothic architecture and history collide in this ancient structure

Notre Dame de Paris, which means "Our lady of Paris" is a Gothic, Catholic cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. It is the cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Paris.

Notre Dame's cathedral is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe.

Notre Dame's cathedral is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

4/25/2014 (5 months ago)

Published in Travel

Keywords: Travel, Europe, France


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Notre Dame de Paris is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe. It was restored and saved from destruction by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, one of France's most famous architects.

Notre Dame

Notre Dame's cathedral is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe.


Notre Dame de Paris was one of the first Gothic cathedrals, and its construction spanned the Gothic period. Its sculptures and stained glass show the heavy influence of naturalism, unlike that of earlier Romanesque architecture.

Notre Dame de Paris was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress (arched exterior supports). The building was not originally designed to include the flying buttresses around the choir and nave. After the construction began and the thinner walls (popularized in the Gothic style) grew ever higher, stress fractures began to occur as the walls pushed outward. In response, the cathedral's architects built supports around the outside walls, and later additions continued the pattern.

Notre Dame

Notre Dame's cathedral is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe.


Jean de Jandun recognized the cathedral as one of Paris's three most important buildings in his 1323 "Treatise on the Praises of Paris." He celebrated: "that most terrible church of the most glorious Virgin Mary, mother of God, deservedly shines out, like the sun among stars. And although some speakers, by their own free judgment, because they are able to see only a few things easily, may say that some other is more beautiful, I believe however, respectfully, that, if they attend more diligently to the whole and the parts, they will quickly retract this opinion."

The cathedral suffered desecration during the radical phase of the French Revolution in the 1790s, when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. During the 19th century, an extensive restoration project was completed, returning the cathedral to its previous state. Additionally, the cathedral houses the purported Crown of Thorns in its reliquary.

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