Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online

11/16/2011 (4 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Let us make no mistake. Aggressive secularism is also a system of belief

How do we, as pastors and citizens, bring into focus our teaching on religious liberty? What should we be looking for and what do we see? And how should we respond to what we see? In short, religious liberty pertains to the whole person - it is not simply the freedom to believe and to worship but to shape our very lives around those beliefs and that worship, both as individuals and as a community, and to share our lives, thus transformed, with the world around us.


Bishop William Lori

Bishop William Lori

Highlights

By Catholic Online

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

11/16/2011 (4 years ago)

Published in U.S.

Keywords: USCCB, Bishops Conference, religious liberty, bishop, william, lori, religious freedom, human rights, secularism


BALTIMORE, MD (Catholic Online) - Here is the full text the address by the Most Reverend William Lori of the Diocese of Bridgeport to the Fall General Assembly of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Bishop Lori was recently appointed as chair for the new Ad Hoc Committee on Religious LIberty.


I. Introduction:

Watchmen for the Church In a homily which we read on his feast day, Gregory the Great comments on the Word of the Lord addressed to Ezekiel: "Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel" (Ez. 33:7). The saintly pontiff adds: "Note that a man whom the Lord sends forth as a preacher is called a watchman. A watchman always stands on a height so that he can see from afar what is coming. Anyone appointed to be a watchman for the people must stand on a height, for all his life, to help them by his foresight" (Pope St. Gregory the Great, Homily on Ezekiel, Bk. 1, 11).

Gregory compared his ministry to that of a watchman. So too, we bishops are called to be vigilant heralds of the Word and overseers of the household of God.

For some time now, we have viewed with growing alarm the ongoing erosion of religious liberty in our country. During our last plenary meeting, we decided to make the defense of religious liberty a Conference priority and embraced our responsibility to address head-on threats to this precious freedom.

In consultation with the Administrative Committee, Archbishop Dolan established an Ad Hoc Committee on Religious Liberty now comprised of ten bishops, ably assisted by excellent consultants, and skillfully supported by our new Associate General Secretary, Anthony Picarello, with two additional staff - a lawyer and a lobbyist In addition, we will rely on the collaboration of an extraordinary number of bishops and the expertise of our Conference staff.

So now, brothers, let us ask ourselves: How do we, as pastors and citizens, bring into focus our teaching on religious liberty? What should we be looking for and what do we see? And how should we respond to what we see?

II. Bringing Our Teaching into Focus

The Second Vatican Council calls us "to read the signs of the times" and to do so, as it were, through binoculars equipped with the two lenses.

First is the lens of the Church's teaching on human dignity and religious liberty, a dignity and freedom inscribed on the human heart and revealed fully in Christ.

Second is the lens of that heritage bequeathed by the Founding Fathers: a bold Declaration of Independence that recognizes inherent human rights, "endowed by their Creator"; and the Constitution with its Bill of Rights that accords a certain primacy to our freedom to respond to that Creator, in every aspect of our lives, without undue government interference, along with the indispensable adjuncts of freedom of speech and assembly.

Our experience tells us that it takes a lot of work to keep our binoculars in focus, that is to say, to maintain a critical and accurate understanding of how the vision of our Founding Fathers and the vision of the Church's teaching on religious liberty fit together. As historians in this room know so well, the relationship of the Church and the American experiment came into focus only gradually and will always need careful re-focusing. Nonetheless, both lenses, when allowed to function as intended, offer a remarkably clear vision of human dignity and freedom.

This remarkably clear vision includes the following:
- An understanding that basic human freedoms are inherent to human dignity coupled with an understanding that our freedoms are granted not by the State but rather are given to us by our Creator. As President John F. Kennedy said in his inaugural address, the rights for which our forebears fought "come not from the generosity of the State but rather from the hand of God" . . even as the Church teaches that "the ultimate source of human rights is not found in the mere will of human beings, but in man himself, and in God his Creator."

- If religious liberty is prior to the state and not a privilege the government grants and so may take away at will, then we rightfully look to our government to fulfill its duty to protect religious liberty, to promote tolerance among various religious faiths and those who profess no faith, and broadly to accommodate the place of religion in American life.

- In the vision of our Founding Fathers, religious liberty occupied pride of place. The Bill of Rights ranks it first in the "honor roll of superior rights", (to use the phrase of Henry Abraham, a noted constitutional scholar). So too, Pope Benedict XVI recently stated that "[Religious liberty] is the first of human rights, not only because it was the first to be recognized but also because it touches the constitutive dimension of man, (viz.,) his relationship with his Creator" (Pope Benedict XVI, Address to Diplomatic Corps, 2011). And so with Blessed Pope John Paul II we keep in focus a common understanding that religious freedom is the source of all other human rights, and, "a kind of litmus test or 'touchstone' for the protection of human dignity generally" (Mary Ann Glendon, "Religious Freedom- A Second Class Right?" Emory University, 2011). Accordingly, we expect our government not to allow religious liberty to be easily compromised by other claims and interests, in effect, to become a "second-class right" (Ibid.).

- Our vision is sharpened by the wisdom of George Washington, who saw the importance of morality and religion for "political prosperity". and by the observation of Alexis de Tocqueville who saw ".that religion and religious freedom are indispensable supports for our country's great experiment in ordered liberty" (Ibid). Thus we rightfully envision the Church as an actor in society forming not only believers but also citizens equipped to build "a civilization of truth and love". Thus we seek protection by law and acceptance in our culture of intermediate institutions such as the family, churches, and schools which stand between the power of the government and the conscience of individuals, all the while contributing immensely to the common good.

- The lenses of our binoculars equip us to search both law and culture to see whether they respect religious freedom as an individual right, inscribed in our human nature by the Creator, no matter the moral or political trends of the moment. For, as the Second Vatican Council teaches, "[t]he exercise of religion, of its very nature, consists before all else in those internal, voluntary, and free acts whereby man sets the course of his life directly toward God." and thus no one should ".be forced to act in a manner contrary to [his] conscience" (Dignitatis Humanae, 3).

- While recognizing religious freedom as an individual right, we see that religious freedom belongs also to churches and religious institutions comprised of citizens who are believers, and who seek, not to create a theocracy, but rather to be leaven and light within their culture. We look for a robust understanding of religious liberty extended to all faiths, an understanding that envisions not only the importance of being able to worship freely but also to bring into the public square truths and values that flow from faith and reason, expressed in works of education, healthcare, social services and charity.

In short, religious liberty pertains to the whole person - it is not simply the freedom to believe and to worship but to shape our very lives around those beliefs and that worship, both as individuals and as a community, and to share our lives, thus transformed, with the world around us.

And with clarity of vision we ask whether a genuine understanding of religious liberty still has a chance of shaping our society. For as one distinguished jurist put it, if liberty dies in the hearts of men and women, "no constitution, no law, no court can save it" (Learned Hand). As watchmen we need to see whether or not this fundamental liberty continues to live in the hearts of our fellow Catholics and citizens.

III. What We See

And what is it that we actually see through these dual lenses that give us clear access to reality? We see a Church who, for all her challenges, serves the common good with extraordinary effectiveness and generosity. Think of the tremendous international relief work of our church and its agencies in reaching untold numbers of people in desperate circumstances.

In the dioceses that we serve, the Church is the largest non-governmental source of educational, social, charitable, and healthcare services, offered as an integral part of our mission, offered as an expression of our faith in the God who is love. In a time of economic hardship, the services which the Catholic Church and other denominations offer are not only beneficial but indeed crucial, but it is becoming more and more difficult for us to deliver services in a manner that truly respects the very faith that impels us to provide them.

Indeed, Archbishop Dolan gave voice to what we collectively see: "Never before have we faced this kind of challenge in our ability to engage in the public square as people of faith and as a service provider. If we do not act now, the consequence will be grave" (National Catholic Register, Oct. 23, 2011).

Among the challenges we see is a pattern in culture and law to treat religion merely as a private matter between an individual and his or her God. Instead of promoting toleration of differing religious views, certain laws, court decisions, and administrative regulations treat religion not as a contributor to our nation's common morality but rather as a divisive and disruptive force better kept out of public life. Some invoke the so-called doctrine of separation of church and state to exclude the Church from public policy, thus ignoring the historic role of churches in ending slavery, in securing civil rights, in promoting just labor practices, including the introduction of child labor laws.

So while religion is indeed a personal matter, it is not a private matter, for there is no religious liberty if we are not free to express our faith in the public square and if we are not free to act on that faith through works of education, healthcare, and charity . . . just as there is no freedom of speech if one is free to say what he or she believes only privately but not publicly through the media, the arts, libraries, and schools.

We also see that the reach of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment is being expanded so as continually to narrow the protections offered by the Free Exercise Clause, thus turning the First Amendment on its head. The Establishment Clause was meant to protect the Free Exercise Clause not the other way around. The result has been that both individual citizens with strong religious convictions and also religious institutions are less broadly accommodated and even marginalized on the grounds that any minimal accommodation somehow constitutes the "establishment" of particular religions in our land.

For example, the Conference has been defending against an ACLU lawsuit claiming that HHS's recently abandoned policy that allowed us to serve trafficking victims without also providing them abortions and contraception- a policy that respected our freedom of religious exercise - actually violates the Establishment Clause!

But let us make no mistake. Aggressive secularism is also a system of belief. In failing to accommodate people of faith and religious institutions, both law and culture are indeed establishing un-religion as the religion of the land and granting it the rights and protections that our Founding Fathers envisioned for citizens who are believers and for their churches and church institutions. In addition, over time, the barriers preventing government from interfering in the internal life of religious groups have been lowered.

This aids and abets the erosion of religious liberty, which is expressly recognized and protected by the First Amendment, by the imposition of courtmandated "rights" which have no textual basis in the Constitution such as those that pertain to abortion and same-sex marriage. Refusal to endorse the taking of innocent human life or to redefine marriage is now portrayed as discriminatory. As a result, the freedom of religious entities to provide services according to their own lights, to defend publicly their teachings, and even to choose and manage their own personnel is coming under increased attack.

This and more have led to dramatic and immediate threats to religious liberty across our land, in various states, whether it is an Alabama law and court ruling that criminalize the "good Samaritan" services which religious entities provide to the undocumented; or a county clerk in New York State who faces legal action because she refuses to take part in same-sex marriages; or the 2009 attempt of members of the Judiciary Committee in Connecticut to re-organize parishes in a manner utterly opposed to Catholic teaching and law; or the sad reality that many diocesan Catholic Charities have had to withdraw from adoption and foster care services because of our fidelity to the Church's teaching on marriage.

We see the problem at the federal level. Some federal agencies, absent legislative and judicial oversight, threaten religious freedom.

As we know, the Department of Health and Human Services issued regulations that would mandate coverage of sterilization and contraception, including abortifacients, in all private health care plans. The religious exemption was far too narrow, requiring Catholic employers to hire mainly Catholics, serve mainly Catholics, and exist mainly to inculcate religious values - all these conditions must be met in order to qualify for the exemption.

As Sr. Carol Keehan noted, the exemption is so narrow that it scarcely covers the parish housekeeper! And there is no conscience protection for insurers or individuals with religious or moral objections to the mandate. While there is a real possibility of a broader exemption, it remains to be seen whether it 7 will indeed protect all religious organizations and the conscience rights of individuals and insurers.

Contrary to conscience protections that are already a matter of law, CRS and MRS were told that a new condition for the renewal of cooperative agreements was the provision of a full-range of so-called reproductive services, a condition we hope may soon be dropped. The Department of Justice has created additional problems. It has attacked DOMA as an act of "bias and prejudice", akin to racism, thereby implying that churches which teach that marriage is between a man and a woman are guilty of bigotry.

The Department of Justice has also argued before the Supreme Court for the virtual elimination of the First Amendment's "ministerial exception" which protects the freedom of religious denominations to choose their own ministers without state interference to say nothing of court decisions which have severely curbed the religious freedom of students to organize and maintain religiously based groups on college campuses.

IV. How to Respond to What We See

We see these and other threats no longer from afar but immediately on the horizon so the Ad Hoc Committee has begun its work in helping us in our dioceses to defend and promote religious liberty with and among our dioceses.

As bishops our first duty and instinct is to teach, and so, among other things, the Committee will provide multi-media resources to help us all in teaching about religious liberty.

As pastors, we recognize that we have a critical role to play in leading our people in prayer and in instructing and inspiring them, so that they will cherish their God-given freedoms and work to shape a society marked by respect for the transcendent dignity and freedom of each human being.

As watchmen, we will continue to flag threats to religious liberty and to speak out against them, to engage public officials, whether elected or appointed, not in a partisan fashion, but in a manner entirely consistent with the deepest values of our democracy.

But this we cannot do alone. We need to join with our ecumenical and inter-faith partners. We need to involve our closest co-workers, our priests, who are on the front lines of parish life, and who enjoy the respect and esteem of their parishioners. Their voice will be vital in the struggle that lay before us.

But we bishops and priests cannot do it alone. We must stand united in calling forth the lay men and women of the Church to put their gifts and expertise on the line in defense of religious liberty - whether experts or hard-working lay Catholics who simply want to raise their families and hand on their Catholic faith in a land that is free, in a land that is just.

It is not a question of creating new structures or new bureaucracies, but of utilizing what is already in place - parishes, schools, communications networks - so as to refocus and reenergize the people we serve, so as to bring this message and mission to every corner of our land.

Together, we will do our best to awaken in ourselves, in our fellow Catholics, and in the culture at large a new appreciation for religious liberty and a renewed determination to defend it.

V. Conclusion

When Archbishop Dolan asked to me give this talk, he called it a stemwinder, and standing before you today I am very grateful for the invention of selfwinding watches! Thank you for seeing the urgency of defending religious liberty for our Church and for all believers. I hope that the Ad Hoc Committee on Religious Liberty will be of greatest service to all of us in our dioceses, in our role as teachers, as pastors, as lovers of truth and freedom - as watchmen!

I have already testified before the House Subcommittee on the Constitution and yesterday the new Ad Hoc Committee met for the first time. On behalf of this Committee, I warmly invite your pastoral wisdom and seek your input as we move forward. This Committee will strive to do its work in your behalf effectively and efficiently and will consult you and report to you on a frequent and regular basis. Thanks for listening, may God bless our Church and our Nation!

-----
 
Randy Sly is the Associate Editor of Catholic Online and the CEO/Associate Publisher for the Northern Virginia Local Edition of Catholic Online (http://virginia.catholic.org). He is a former Archbishop of the Charismatic Episcopal Church who laid aside that ministry to enter into the full communion of the Catholic Church.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copyright 2016 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for May 2016
Universal:
Respect for Women: That in every country of the world, women may be honored and respected and that their essential contribution to society may be highly esteemed.
Evangelization: Holy Rosary: That families, communities, and groups may pray the Holy Rosary for evangelization and peace.



Comments


More U.S.

Corpus Christi, The Feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Watch

Image of There is also an ancient and beautiful custom in the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church called the Corpus Christi procession. The consecrated Host, the Body of the Lord, is reposed in what is called a monstrance. The term is derived from a Latin phrase which means to show or reveal.  The faithful process the Body of the Lord through the streets surrounding their church buildings. This Eucharistic procession can be a powerful witness to an age which has lost its sense of the sacred.

By Deacon Keith Fournier

We have received the Bread of Heaven. Let us choose to become what we consume. These Feasts are not just rituals on a Church calendar. They are invitations to encounter the Lord Jesus Christ, and then offer Him to a world waiting to be born anew. On this Feast of ... continue reading


Memorial Day: Honor Those Who Have Given Their Lives in Military Service Watch

Image of Memorial Day

By Deacon Keith Fournier

I live in Chesapeake, a wonderful city in Southeastern Virginia where there are many members of the military. The parish I serve is an example of this. Every day, I witness the many sacrifices which military families make for our Nation. On this Memorial Day, I ... continue reading


$3,600,000,000,000: the price to repair America Watch

Image of America's infrastructure is in need of improvement. Why isn't this a national priority?

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

We have money for perpetual war and can afford generous foreign aid, tax subsidies and cuts for the wealthy, but we cannot find the money to fix a pothole or repair a collapsing bridge. This is the sorry state of affairs U.S. infrastructure is in as we let the nation ... continue reading


Violent riot erupts at Trump rally in New Mexico Watch

Image of Unsurprisingly, a Trump rally erupted into a riot in New Mexico (Reuters).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Protesters at Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's New Mexico rally erupted in violent acts including the attempted stoning of police, glass bottles thrown at mounted units and their horses, burning shirts and more. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Record-breaking 38,000 illegal aliens apprehended in the month of April Watch

Image of April 2016 reaches new record for illegal alien apprehensions.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Illegal aliens continue to surge into the United States from the Southwest U.S. border, leading the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) units to announce record-breaking apprehensions in April, 2016. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - According to the U.S. ... continue reading


Edward Nero, arresting officer of Freddie Gray, NOT GUILTY. Will Baltimore erupt once more? Watch

Image of Officer Edward Nero arrives at court. Nero has been acquitted of crimes in the death of Freddie Gray.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

The arresting officer in the Freddie Gray case, Edward Nero, has been declared "not guilty" by the judge in his criminal trial. Now, the community waits to see if violence will erupt or if the streets will remain quiet. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) - Officer ... continue reading


Tell Me About the Trinity: Honoring Jerry and Plumbing the Mystery of God Watch

Image of

By Deacon Keith Fournier

'The mystery of the Most Holy Trinity is the central mystery of Christian faith and life. It is the mystery of God in himself. It is therefore the source of all the other mysteries of faith, the light that enlightens them. It is the most fundamental and essential ... continue reading


Father Frank Pavone on Father Daniel Berrigan's Pro-Life Activism Watch

Image of Fr. Daniel Berrigan

By Fr Frank Pavone

Father Berrigan was a radical figure who sent a total of almost seven years in prison.  What many don't realize though is that his activism extended beyond the anti-war movement and into the anti-abortion movement. Believing in what he called a consistent ... continue reading


Law allows persons to sue if you don't use the correct pronoun out of 58 to describe a person's sexual identity Watch

Image of We're going to need a lot more restrooms.

By David Drudge (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Under a new law, businesses in New York will be fined if they don't use a person's preferred pronoun when referring to them. This especially becomes a problem when it is understood there are at least 58 possible pronouns with at least five grammatical variations ... continue reading


Science fiction? Feds discover the 'Grocery List,' post tweets to promote new technology Watch

Image of After millions of dollars in federal spending, government scientists have discovered the grocery list technology. Where would we be without such courageous efforts?

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

The Federal Government has discovered the grocery list technology. This unlock apparently occurred recently as the Department of Agriculture sent encouraging, rapid-fire tweets to the public about how to use this remarkable new advancement. LOS ANGELES, CA (California ... continue reading


All U.S. News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

the FEED
by Catholic Online

  • Daily Reading for Wednesday, June 1st, 2016 HD Video
  • Advent Prayer HD Video
  • How much did Goldman Sachs' CEO invest in hedge fund?: Hillary ...
  • 100k Americans work for China as China continues to purchase major US ...
  • Daily Readings for Monday, May 30, 2016
  • Alabama Supreme court recognizes same-sex adoption
  • St. Joan of Arc: Saint of the Day for Monday, May 30, 2016

Daily Readings

Reading 1, First Kings 8:41-43
41 'Even the foreigner, not belonging to your people Israel but coming ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 117:1, 2
1 Alleluia! Praise Yahweh, all nations, extol him, all ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 7:1-10
1 When he had come to the end of all he wanted the people to hear, he ... Read More

Reading 2, Galatians 1:1-2, 6-10
1 From Paul, an apostle appointed not by human beings nor through any ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for May 29th, 2016 Image

St. Maximinus of Trier
May 29: Bishop of Trier, Germany, from 332, and a miracle ... Read More