Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

8/25/2014 (1 month ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Copper awl suggests metal was used earlier than thought.

A copper awl unearthed in the Middle East suggests that metals were exchanged across hundreds of miles in the region more than 6,000 years ago, centuries earlier than previously thought.

This copper awl, discovered in Israel near the Jordan River suggests that metal use occurred earlier than previously thought.

This copper awl, discovered in Israel near the Jordan River suggests that metal use occurred earlier than previously thought.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

8/25/2014 (1 month ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Middle East, History, International


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - This artifact was unearthed in Tel Tsaf, an archaeological site in Israel located near the Jordan River. The area was a village from about 5100 B.C. to 4600 B.C. and was first discovered back in 1950, with digs occurring from the 1970s through the present day.

You can make a real difference with "prayer and action."

The ancient village possessed large buildings made of mud bricks and a great number of silos that could each store between 15 and 30 tons of wheat and barley, an unprecedented scale for the ancient Near East. The village had many roasting ovens, all filled with burnt animal bones, which suggests that large events were held there.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


More excitingly, scientists have unearthed items made from obsidian, a volcanic glass with origins in Anatolia or Armenia, as well as shells from the Nile River and pottery from either Syria or Mesopotamia. These findings suggest that Tel Tsaf was a community for international commerce that possessed great wealth.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


Archaeologists discovered the copper awl in the grave of a woman who had been about 40 when she died. She had a belt around her waist made of 1,668 ostrich-egg shell beads. The copper awl was set in a wooden handle, and since it was buried with the women, researchers assume it belonged to her.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


"The appearance of the item in a woman's grave, which represents one of the most elaborate burials we've seen in our region from that era, testifies to both the importance of the awl and the importance of the woman, and it's possible that we are seeing here the first indications of social hierarchy and complexity," said study co-author Danny Rosenberg, an archaeologist at the University of Haifa in Israel.

Before the awl was discovered, the earliest evidence of metal use in that area of the world was found in the southern Levant, and included copper artifacts and gold rings dating from 4500 B.C. to 3800 B.C. but this awl suggests that metal may have been used as early as 5100 B.C.

The grave also shows "the complexity of the people living in Tel Tsaf around 7,000 years before present," Rosenberg told Live Science. "The find suggests that the people of Tel Tsaf were engaged in or at least had acquaintance with advanced technology, metallurgy, hundreds of years before the spread of copper items in the southern Levant."

The use of the awl remains uncertain. "In this area, far more is unknown than is known, and although the discovery of the awl at Tel Tsaf constitutes evidence of a peak of technological development among the peoples of the region and is a discovery of global importance, there's a lot of progress still to be made and many parts of the wider picture are still unknown to us," said Rosenberg.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


2014 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for October 2014
Peace:
That the Lord may grant peace to those parts of the world most battered by war and violence.
World Mission Day: That World Mission Day may rekindle in every believer zeal for carrying the Gospel into all the world.



Comments


More Middle East

Christians, Yazidis and Turkmen face genocide in Iraq Watch

Image of At least half a million people have been forced to flee their villages in Ninewa province, home to minority communities for thousands of years, according to the report, From Crisis to Catastrophe: the situation of minorities in Iraq.

By Kieran Guilbert, Thomson Reuters Foundation

More than 12,000 civilians have been killed in Iraq so far this year, mainly by Islamic State (IS), and minorities facing ethnic cleansing are the principal victims, according to a report published on Thursday. LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Minority Rights ... continue reading


Deadly Sarin bombs now in hands of Islamic State Watch

Image of Officials warned that they had witnessed equipment there being looted on CCTV whereupon the militants shut the surveillance cameras down.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

An even more alarming fact has risen to the fore in the war in the Middle East, ISIS controls a vast compound in Iraq containing 2,500 rusting chemical weapons rockets, according to the Iraqi government. While the site was bombed by the U.S. during the 1991 ... continue reading


Do you still think Islam is a 'religion of peace?' These 10 verses from the Koran will show you the truth Watch

Image of Islam is the religion of peace. Care to disagree?

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

From Christian apologist and blogger David Wood, comes more evidence, ripped directly from the pages of the Koran, that Islam is not a religion of peace. Wood located ten verses which will help readers understand the Islamic State's religious motivation for their ... continue reading


180,000 people flee Iraqi city of Hit after ISIS claims town Watch

Image of ISIS has been on the offensive in the desert province of Anbar, bordering Syria, in recent weeks. The town of Hit fell on October 2 and nearby Kubaisa on October 4.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Iraqi city of Hit fell to Islamic State earlier this month. The bloodshed in Iraq's western Anbar province has forced up to 180,000 people to flee, according to the United Nations. ISIS has been on the offensive in the desert province of Anbar, bordering ... continue reading


ISIS justifies enslavement of women as 'the revival of slavery before the Hour' Watch

Image of ISIS forced tens of thousands of Yazidis to flee their homes in August when troops stormed many of the community's towns and cities in Iraqi Kurdistan.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The kidnapping, enslavement and trafficking of women would not be condoned by any true religion - Islamic State, according to an online publications justifies their practice as "the revival (of) slavery before the Hour," referring to Judgment Day. While that ... continue reading


ISIS continues push for control of Kobani Watch

Image of Monday was among the most violent days in Kobani since ISIS launched its assault. Sounds of fierce fighting, including gunfire and explosions, have been heard along the Syria-Turkey border.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Kobani, a key Syrian city on the border Turkey remains under attack as Islamic State troops push for control. If it retains control of the town, Islamic State will also score a major victory in neighboring Iraq, taking a strategically important military base in ... continue reading


Between lulls in the fighting, screams can be heard in Kobane Watch

Image of An Islamic State terrorist shared this image of himself posing with the severed head of a female Kurdish fighter.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The battle for the city of Kobane in Syria continues as Kurdish defenders fight to the last bullet against the Islamic State. Survivors who have escaped across the Turkish border have told reporters of beheadings, mutilations, and other atrocities committed by Islamic ... continue reading


WAKE UP - Islamic State magazine makes plain - There is NO SUCH THING as a 'moderate' Muslim Watch

Image of the Islamic State is publishing a magazine with a picture of their flag over the Vatican. It's a deliberate message.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Islamic State has made very clear that "moderate" Muslims are apostates and that they alone represent true Islam. They have stated this in an English language publication where they also promise to conquer Rome (Catholics). LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Islamic State poised for massive victory near Baghdad Watch

Image of Kurdish soldiers in Iraq have so far managed to halt the advance of the Islamic State in the north, but Iraqi army forces are seeing defeat after defeat in western Iraq.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Fighters from the Islamic State are nearing victory in Anbar province, Iraq's westernmost region, while also nearing another victory in northern Syria. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Iraqi army forces and Kurdish militia forces are struggling to contain the ... continue reading


Cracks appear in America's anti-Islamic State coalition Watch

Image of A Kurdish fighter engaged against the Islamic State in the Syrian town of Kobane, near the Turkish border.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

America's air war against the Islamic State in Syria has had a rough start, as cracks appear in the hastily assembled coalition and evidence starts to surface that the airstrikes may be causing more harm than good. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - America's ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Ephesians 2:1-10
1 And you were dead, through the crimes and the ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 100:2, 3, 4, 5
2 serve Yahweh with gladness, come into his presence ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 12:13-21
13 A man in the crowd said to him, 'Master, tell my ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for October 20th, 2014 Image

St. Paul of the Cross
October 20: St. Paul of the Cross was born at Ovada in the Republic of ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter