Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

8/25/2014 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Copper awl suggests metal was used earlier than thought.

A copper awl unearthed in the Middle East suggests that metals were exchanged across hundreds of miles in the region more than 6,000 years ago, centuries earlier than previously thought.

This copper awl, discovered in Israel near the Jordan River suggests that metal use occurred earlier than previously thought.

This copper awl, discovered in Israel near the Jordan River suggests that metal use occurred earlier than previously thought.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

8/25/2014 (2 years ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Middle East, History, International


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - This artifact was unearthed in Tel Tsaf, an archaeological site in Israel located near the Jordan River. The area was a village from about 5100 B.C. to 4600 B.C. and was first discovered back in 1950, with digs occurring from the 1970s through the present day.

You can make a real difference with "prayer and action."

The ancient village possessed large buildings made of mud bricks and a great number of silos that could each store between 15 and 30 tons of wheat and barley, an unprecedented scale for the ancient Near East. The village had many roasting ovens, all filled with burnt animal bones, which suggests that large events were held there.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


More excitingly, scientists have unearthed items made from obsidian, a volcanic glass with origins in Anatolia or Armenia, as well as shells from the Nile River and pottery from either Syria or Mesopotamia. These findings suggest that Tel Tsaf was a community for international commerce that possessed great wealth.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


Archaeologists discovered the copper awl in the grave of a woman who had been about 40 when she died. She had a belt around her waist made of 1,668 ostrich-egg shell beads. The copper awl was set in a wooden handle, and since it was buried with the women, researchers assume it belonged to her.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


"The appearance of the item in a woman's grave, which represents one of the most elaborate burials we've seen in our region from that era, testifies to both the importance of the awl and the importance of the woman, and it's possible that we are seeing here the first indications of social hierarchy and complexity," said study co-author Danny Rosenberg, an archaeologist at the University of Haifa in Israel.

Before the awl was discovered, the earliest evidence of metal use in that area of the world was found in the southern Levant, and included copper artifacts and gold rings dating from 4500 B.C. to 3800 B.C. but this awl suggests that metal may have been used as early as 5100 B.C.

The grave also shows "the complexity of the people living in Tel Tsaf around 7,000 years before present," Rosenberg told Live Science. "The find suggests that the people of Tel Tsaf were engaged in or at least had acquaintance with advanced technology, metallurgy, hundreds of years before the spread of copper items in the southern Levant."

The use of the awl remains uncertain. "In this area, far more is unknown than is known, and although the discovery of the awl at Tel Tsaf constitutes evidence of a peak of technological development among the peoples of the region and is a discovery of global importance, there's a lot of progress still to be made and many parts of the wider picture are still unknown to us," said Rosenberg.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copyright 2016 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for SEPTEMBER 2016
Universal:
Centrality of the Human Person: That each may contribute to the common good and to the building of a society that places the human person at the center.
Evangelization: Mission to Evangelize: That by participating in the Sacraments and meditating on Scripture, Christians may become more aware of their mission to evangelize.



Comments


More Middle East

St. Nicholas protects 30-day-old baby discovered beneath rubble of building Watch

Image of Rescuers save a 30-day-old baby from beneath the rubble of a building (Exclusivepix Media).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Russian air strikes in Syria have killed over 3,800 innocent civilians but one little girl was dramatically rescued from beneath a would-be cement grave of rubble. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Volunteers have been sifting through debris to save who they could ... continue reading


Jerusalem bishop's insights on peacemaking in the Holy Land Watch

Image of

By Tony Magliano

Recently I emailed questions to the auxiliary bishop of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, Bishop William Shomali, asking him to share his first-hand insights regarding the many injustices and violent environment in the land of the Prince of Peace. He graciously sent ... continue reading


ISIS prepares to trigger APOCALYPSE in FINAL BATTLE against U.S. troops Watch

Image of ISIS prepares for final battle.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

An ancient prophecy predicted an end-all battle meant to evoke the end of the world - and ISIS is preparing to trigger it. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - According to the extremists' perversion of the Koran, Dabiq will be the site of a "major apocalyptic showdown ... continue reading


India has one of the biggest armies, but doesn't use it -- Why? Watch

Image of India's military has been ordered to take a more diplomatic approach.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Neighboring war torn countries have engaged in three wars since 1947 - but while one attacks relentlessly, the other maintains diplomatic restraint. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Pakistan soldiers raided an Indian army base in Kashmir, killing 18 Indian ... continue reading


US President makes touching tribute to Nobel Peace Prize winner Shimon Peres Watch

Image of Obama offers touching tribute to Nobel Peace Prize winner Shimon Peres (EPA).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Shimon Peres, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, former Israeli prime minister and president, passed away Tuesday at 93-years-old. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - He suffered a stroke, which left him unconscious and reliant on a breathing tube.His condition worsened over ... continue reading


Angelic, blonde child featured as child executioner in terrifying new ISIS video (WARNING: DISTURBING CONTENT) Watch

Image of ISIS has a new executioner.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A new propaganda video features a young blonde boy executing a prisoner in Iraq. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The 15-minute video, like so many before it, has been deeply edited to give multiple angles as prisoners are beheaded, features footage of bombs ... continue reading


Is THIS the actual tomb of Christ's FAMILY? Watch

Image of The Talpiot Tomb was discovered in east Jerusalem in 1980.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A geologist claims to have new proof that a controversial discovery in Jerusalem is linked to Jesus Christ. The controversy surrounds Talpiot Tomb, which was discovered in 1980 with nine boxes alleged to belong to people closely associated with Jesus. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


'That is the love of God in Christ:' Humanitarian group feeds ISIS MEMBERS outside Fallujah Watch

Image of Christians, Muslims and non-believers join together to offer food and water to ISIS militants (Preemptive Love).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

In what is arguably the most righteous act any Christian can ever bestow upon another person, one organization has decided to help survivors of the Syrian Civil war and ISIS devastation - including confirmed militants. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Christian ... continue reading


Why is Tom Cruise featured in ISIS' in 'worst ever video'? (WARNING: DISTURBING IMAGES) Watch

Image of Tom Cruise shown in ISIS video.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

A bizarre video released by the Islamic State features Muslim celebrations for their holy festival Eid al-Adha. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The shocking footage featured clips from Tom Cruise's Mission: Impossible - Rogue Nation.The camera focuses on horrific ... continue reading


'The U.S. government was pretty much blind' - How 9/11 impacted Iraqi Christians Watch

Image of Iraqi Christians need help.

By Matt Hadro (CNA/EWTN News)

On the 15th anniversary of the World Trade Center terror attacks, we shouldn't overlook how Middle Eastern Christians have suffered from the unintended consequences of U.S. post-9/11 foreign policy, says one expert. Washington D.C. (Catholic Online) - "The U.S. ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Job 42:1-3, 5-6, 12-16
1 This was the answer Job gave to Yahweh:2 I know that you are ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 119:66, 71, 75, 91, 125, 130
66 Teach me judgement and knowledge, for I rely on your ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 10:17-24
17 The seventy-two came back rejoicing. 'Lord,' they said, 'even the ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for October 1st, 2016 Image

St. Therese of Lisieux
October 1: Generations of Catholics have admired this young ... Read More