Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

8/25/2014 (9 months ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Copper awl suggests metal was used earlier than thought.

A copper awl unearthed in the Middle East suggests that metals were exchanged across hundreds of miles in the region more than 6,000 years ago, centuries earlier than previously thought.

This copper awl, discovered in Israel near the Jordan River suggests that metal use occurred earlier than previously thought.

This copper awl, discovered in Israel near the Jordan River suggests that metal use occurred earlier than previously thought.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

8/25/2014 (9 months ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Middle East, History, International


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - This artifact was unearthed in Tel Tsaf, an archaeological site in Israel located near the Jordan River. The area was a village from about 5100 B.C. to 4600 B.C. and was first discovered back in 1950, with digs occurring from the 1970s through the present day.

You can make a real difference with "prayer and action."

The ancient village possessed large buildings made of mud bricks and a great number of silos that could each store between 15 and 30 tons of wheat and barley, an unprecedented scale for the ancient Near East. The village had many roasting ovens, all filled with burnt animal bones, which suggests that large events were held there.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


More excitingly, scientists have unearthed items made from obsidian, a volcanic glass with origins in Anatolia or Armenia, as well as shells from the Nile River and pottery from either Syria or Mesopotamia. These findings suggest that Tel Tsaf was a community for international commerce that possessed great wealth.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


Archaeologists discovered the copper awl in the grave of a woman who had been about 40 when she died. She had a belt around her waist made of 1,668 ostrich-egg shell beads. The copper awl was set in a wooden handle, and since it was buried with the women, researchers assume it belonged to her.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.

Pictures from the ancient village of Tel Tsaf in Israel near the Jordan river.


"The appearance of the item in a woman's grave, which represents one of the most elaborate burials we've seen in our region from that era, testifies to both the importance of the awl and the importance of the woman, and it's possible that we are seeing here the first indications of social hierarchy and complexity," said study co-author Danny Rosenberg, an archaeologist at the University of Haifa in Israel.

Before the awl was discovered, the earliest evidence of metal use in that area of the world was found in the southern Levant, and included copper artifacts and gold rings dating from 4500 B.C. to 3800 B.C. but this awl suggests that metal may have been used as early as 5100 B.C.

The grave also shows "the complexity of the people living in Tel Tsaf around 7,000 years before present," Rosenberg told Live Science. "The find suggests that the people of Tel Tsaf were engaged in or at least had acquaintance with advanced technology, metallurgy, hundreds of years before the spread of copper items in the southern Levant."

The use of the awl remains uncertain. "In this area, far more is unknown than is known, and although the discovery of the awl at Tel Tsaf constitutes evidence of a peak of technological development among the peoples of the region and is a discovery of global importance, there's a lot of progress still to be made and many parts of the wider picture are still unknown to us," said Rosenberg.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for May 2015
Universal:
That, rejecting the culture of indifference, we may care for our neighbours who suffer, especially the sick and the poor.
Evangelization: That Mary's intercession may help Christians in secularized cultures be ready to proclaim Jesus.


Rosaries, Crosses, Prayer Cards and more... by Catholic Shopping .com


Comments


More Middle East

Ancient Roman amphitheatre in Palmyra scene of mass execution by ISIS Watch

Image of ISIS seized the opportunity to use the city's ancient Roman amphitheater for a mass execution. Twenty men, accused of being government supporters, were lined up and shot and killed ISIS.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

While there is widespread concern about the destruction priceless antiquities in the Syrian town of Palmyra - now in the hands of the Islamic State - ISIS has seized the opportunity to use the city's ancient Roman amphitheater for a mass execution. Twenty men, ... continue reading


NOWHERE TO TURN: Iraqi civilians fleeing Ramadi chained up and led through desert by Iraqi militia Watch

Image of Hundreds of civilians who escaped the Iraqi city of Ramadi after it fell to the hands of Islamic State learned that their ordeal had only begun.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Hundreds of civilians who escaped the Iraqi city of Ramadi, after it fell to the hands of Islamic State, learned that their ordeal had only begun. Suspected of being terrorists themselves, the fleeing civilians have been rounded up and arrested by Iraqi ... continue reading


Anti-ISIS art exhibit in Iran shows the most appalling ISIS atrocities as cartoons Watch

Image of Iran holds anti-ISIS art competition to show the real ways of ISIS.

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Artists from around the world participated in an anti-ISIS cartoon and caricature competition held in Iran. The images, showing shocking depictions of ISIS atrocities, went on display at cultural centers in Tehran, Iran's capital. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


Ancient water line: 2,000-year-old water supply system uncovered in Jerusalem Watch

Image of The Lower Aqueduct for nearly 2,000 years remained one of Jerusalem's principal sources of water, which is why city rulers kept the structure so well preserved.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

It appears the Biblical times had a much more complex infrastructure than previously believed. An ancient aqueduct built more than 2,000 years ago to transport water into the city of Jerusalem was uncovered during a construction project. The level of ... continue reading


ISIS' horrific sexual crimes against Yazidi women unveiled

Image of ISIS militants execute horrific sexual acts on kidnapped women.

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

New reports from the United Nations exposes ISIS' horrific sex crimes against women and girls. Women and young girls kidnapped by the terrorist extremists are often sold off to the fighters, and if they do not abide, they are brutally punished. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


HERITAGE OF HATE: Osama bin Laden called for bombers to kill Americans for 'alien satanic practices' Watch

Image of Osama bin Laden, the dreaded terrorist leader behind the 9/11 terrorist attacks left behind convoluted, hate-mongering documents before his death at the hands of U.S. agents in May of 2011.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Osama bin Laden, the dreaded terrorist leader behind the 9/11 terrorist attacks left behind convoluted, hate-mongering documents before his death at the hands of U.S. agents in May of 2011. Among the papers found in his compound is a 15-page document that urges ... continue reading


ISIS MAY DETONATE NUKE IN THE U.S. - NEW NUCLEAR THREAT: Islamic State claims it will buy nuclear weapon from Pakistan, smuggle it into the United States Watch

Image of Nuclear Explosion

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Terror group Islamic State now claims they're now infinitely closer to buying a nuclear weapon from Pakistan to smuggle into the United States. As published in their propaganda magazine Dabiq, in an article reportedly by a hostage journalist, The scenario is ... continue reading


Wholesale slaughter of Palmyra residents begins as Islamic State invades Watch

Image of Will this marble altar depicting the Goddess Allat with a lion from the Temple of Baal Shamin in Palmyra be destroyed by ISIS jihadists?

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Shocking images have emerged of decapitated bodies strewn across blood-filled streets in Palmyra While the world worries that the Islamic State will destroy the cities many priceless historical treasures, the wholesale slaughter of Palmyra's citizens has begun. ... continue reading


OOPS! Comment riles Iran, threatened to rain down '80,000 missles on Tel Aviv and Haifa' Watch

Image of The misquote was most likely based on Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon's comments from the May 5 Shurat Hadin conference.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon made a comment recently that was taken out of context. The comment was so misunderstood that it prompted war talk from Iran. While the war talk was mostly bluster, Iran obviously took the comment seriously as Iran's United ... continue reading


Foreign Legion: 17,000 men and women from more than 90 countries wage Muslim holy war for ISIS Watch

Image of

By Abigail James (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Islamic State continues to round up and recruit foreign fighters to join their "Muslim holy war." During the past three and a half years, ISIS has gained between 16,000 and 17,000 men and women from 90 countries, according to The Jakarata Post. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Sirach 42:15-25
15 Next, I shall remind you of the works of the Lord, ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 33:2-3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-9
2 Give thanks to Yahweh on the lyre, play for him on ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 10:46-52
46 They reached Jericho; and as he left Jericho with ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for May 28th, 2015 Image

Bl. Margaret Pole
May 28: Martyr of England. She was born Margaret Plantagenet, the niece ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter