Pope and Patriarch: Movement toward Full Communion Between Orthodox and Catholics Advances in Jerusalem
The full communion of Eastern and Western Christianity has been a common theme in my writing for many reasons. Primarily, because I believe that it reflects the Heart of the Lord. The Prayer of Jesus, May they Be One (John 17:21) echoes in this new missionary age. It moves the Heart of a Loving Father. I believe it will be answered and the time approaches. I also believe it will unleash an extraordinary grace from the Holy Spirit for a new missionary age of Christianity. The Catholic Church proclaims that, in and through Jesus Christ, and by the power of the Holy Spirit, authentic unity with God the Father - and with one another - is the plan of God for the entire human race. The Church is the way toward that unity. As both Orthodox and Catholic Christians we should want to walk toward that unity and not fear it. The image used of two lungs breathing together is a prophetic one. The Orthodox and Catholic Churches need one another. The Church is meant to become the home of the whole human race.
Pope and Patriarch pray in humility at the Stone of Unction at the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. May such humility help to advance the full communion of the Church.
Published in Middle East
Keywords: Pope Francis, Patriarch Bartholomew, Orthodox, Catholic, Ut Unum Sint, full communion, ecumenism, Christian unity, full communion, Orthodox Church, Catholic Church, Two Lungs, Deacon Keith Fournier
JERUSALEM, Israel (Catholic Online) - In an article entitled Pope Francis in Jerusalem: Will the Meeting with Patriarch Bartholomew Advance Full Communion? I offered my sincere and prayerful hopes that the historic meeting between Pope Francis of Rome and Patriarch Bartholomew would advance the full communion of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.
The full communion of Eastern and Western Christianity has been a common theme in my writing for many reasons. Primarily, because I believe that it reflects the Heart of the Lord. The Prayer of Jesus, May they Be One (John 17:21) echoes in this new missionary age. It moves the Heart of a Loving Father. I believe it will be answered and the time approaches. I also believe it will unleash an extraordinary grace from the Holy Spirit for a new missionary age of Christianity.
The Christian Church proclaims that, in and through Jesus Christ, and by the power of the Holy Spirit, authentic unity with God the Father - and with one another - is the plan of God for the entire human race. The Church is the way toward that unity. Yet, she is divided
As both Orthodox and Catholic Christians we should want to walk toward that unity and not fear it. The image often used of two lungs breathing together is a prophetic one. The Orthodox and Catholic Churches need one another. The Church is meant to become the home of the whole human race.
For the Church to continue the redemptive mission of Jesus most effectively in this Third Christian Millennium, she must be one. It was not the plan of the Lord that Christians be separated. It is His Plan that the Church be restored to full communion.
The Prayer of the Second Person of the Blessed trinity, the Incarnate Word, Jesus Christ, " that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me" - will be answered. (John 17:21)
May this humble, prophetic and holy successor of Peter, Francis of Rome, help to hasten that day.May this Patriarch, also a humble and holy man, the successor of Andrew, do the same - for the sake of the whole Church!
For the First Millennium of Christianity, the Christian Church was undivided. There was legitimate diversity of expression reflecting the beauty and universality of the Gospel. Yet, there was clear ortho-doxy and ortho-praxy, right doctrine and right practice. This can occur again in the Third Millennium.
The language used by both Bartholomew and Francis reflects the language of such a framework for a coming full communion. It is laced with acknowledgement of the possibilities of legitimate diversity within full communion.
The revision of ecclesial governance being encouraged by Francis, reflects a movement toward a synodal approach within the Catholic Church. This also points toward real possibilities of ecclesial structures which could promote this hoped for goal. I offer below the entire historic declaration issued by these two great Christian leaders following their meeting.
Please, read the declaration it in its entirety. It is historic and important. Please pray for the Holy Spirit to continue to bring healing to the divisions within the Body of Christ. May Peter and Andrew again respond to the call of the One Lord and lead a new missionary age of the Church.
I will publish excerpts from the individual messages of both the Patriarch and the Pope in later articles I am working on concerning the growing movement toward full communion between Orthodox and Catholic Christianity.
There is a phrase used by Saint John Paul which is also favored by Pope Emeritus Benedict when referring to the hoped for full communion of Eastern and Western Christianity. They spoke of the two lungs of the Church breathing together again. Francis has also used the phrase.
Like much of what Francis does, in word and deed, there seems to be a prophetic dimension to this papacy. This is the Pope who actually lost a lung as a young man and now breathes with one lung. He understands the limitations this brings. How interesting it would be if his years of service go down in history for, among other things, the actual manifestation of the two lungs of the Church beginning to breather together again.
That is my sincere prayer.
Historic Joint Declaration by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and Pope Francis
1. Like our venerable predecessors Pope Paul VI and Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras who met here in Jerusalem fifty years ago, we too, Pope Francis and Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, were determined to meet in the Holy Land "where our common Redeemer, Christ our Lord, lived, taught, died, rose again, and ascended into Heaven, whence he sent the Holy Spirit on the infant Church".
Our meeting, another encounter of the Bishops of the Churches of Rome and Constantinople founded respectively by the two Brothers the Apostles Peter and Andrew, is a source of profound spiritual joy for us. It presents a providential occasion to reflect on the depth and the authenticity of our existing bonds, themselves the fruit of a grace-filled journey on which the Lord has guided us since that blessed day of fifty years ago.
2. Our fraternal encounter today is a new and necessary step on the journey towards the unity to which only the Holy Spirit can lead us, that of communion in legitimate diversity. We call to mind with profound gratitude the steps that the Lord has already enabled us to undertake.
The embrace exchanged between Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras here in Jerusalem, after many centuries of silence, paved the way for a momentous gesture, the removal from the memory and from the midst of the Church of the acts of mutual excommunication in 1054.
This was followed by an exchange of visits between the respective Sees of Rome and Constantinople, by regular correspondence and, later, by the decision announced by Pope John Paul II and Patriarch Dimitrios, of blessed memory both, to initiate a theological dialogue of truth between Catholics and Orthodox.
Over these years, God, the source of all peace and love, has taught us to regard one another as members of the same Christian family, under one Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, and to love one another, so that we may confess our faith in the same Gospel of Christ, as received by the Apostles and expressed and transmitted to us by the Ecumenical Councils and the Church Fathers.
While fully aware of not having reached the goal of full communion, today we confirm our commitment to continue walking together towards the unity for which Christ our Lord prayed to the Father so "that all may be one" (Jn 17:21).
3. Well aware that unity is manifested in love of God and love of neighbour, we look forward in eager anticipation to the day in which we will finally partake together in the Eucharistic banquet.
As Christians, we are called to prepare to receive this gift of Eucharistic communion, according to the teaching of Saint Irenaeus of Lyon, through the confession of the one faith, persevering prayer, inner conversion, renewal of life and fraternal dialogue. By achieving this hoped for goal, we will manifest to the world the love of God by which we are recognized as true disciples of Jesus Christ (cf. Jn 13:35).
4. To this end, the theological dialogue undertaken by the Joint International Commission offers a fundamental contribution to the search for full communion among Catholics and Orthodox. Throughout the subsequent times of Popes John Paul II and Benedict the XVI, and Patriarch Dimitrios, the progress of our theological encounters has been substantial.
Today we express heartfelt appreciation for the achievements to date, as well as for the current endeavors. This is no mere theoretical exercise, but an exercise in truth and love that demands an ever deeper knowledge of each other's traditions in order to understand them and to learn from them.
Thus we affirm once again that the theological dialogue does not seek a theological lowest common denominator on which to reach a compromise, but is rather about deepening one's grasp of the whole truth that Christ has given to his Church, a truth that we never cease to understand better as we follow the Holy Spirit's promptings.
Hence, we affirm together that our faithfulness to the Lord demands fraternal encounter and true dialogue. Such a common pursuit does not lead us away from the truth; rather, through an exchange of gifts, through the guidance of the Holy Spirit, it will lead us into all truth (cf. Jn 16:13).
5. Yet even as we make this journey towards full communion we already have the duty to offer common witness to the love of God for all people by working together in the service of humanity, especially in defending the dignity of the human person at every stage of life and the sanctity of family based on marriage, in promoting peace and the common good, and in responding to the suffering that continues to afflict our world.
We acknowledge that hunger, poverty, illiteracy, the inequitable distribution of resources must constantly be addressed. It is our duty to seek to build together a just and humane society in which no-one feels excluded or emarginated.
6. It is our profound conviction that the future of the human family depends also on how we safeguard - both prudently and compassionately, with justice and fairness - the gift of creation that our Creator has entrusted to us. Therefore, we acknowledge in repentance the wrongful mistreatment of our planet, which is tantamount to sin before the eyes of God.
We reaffirm our responsibility and obligation to foster a sense of humility and moderation so that all may feel the need to respect creation and to safeguard it with care. Together, we pledge our commitment to raising awareness about the stewardship of creation; we appeal to all people of goodwill to consider ways of living less wastefully and more frugally, manifesting less greed and more generosity for the protection of God's world and the benefit of His people.
7. There is likewise an urgent need for effective and committed cooperation of Christians in order to safeguard everywhere the right to express publicly one's faith and to be treated fairly when promoting that which Christianity continues to offer to contemporary society and culture. In this regard, we invite all Christians to promote an authentic dialogue with Judaism, Islam and other religious traditions. Indifference and mutual ignorance can only lead to mistrust and unfortunately even conflict.
8. From this holy city of Jerusalem, we express our shared profound concern for the situation of Christians in the Middle East and for their right to remain full citizens of their homelands. In trust we turn to the almighty and merciful God in a prayer for peace in the Holy Land and in the Middle East in general.
We especially pray for the Churches in Egypt, Syria, and Iraq, which have suffered most grievously due to recent events. We encourage all parties regardless of their religious convictions to continue to work for reconciliation and for the just recognition of peoples' rights. We are persuaded that it is not arms, but dialogue, pardon and reconciliation that are the only possible means to achieve peace.
9. In an historical context marked by violence, indifference and egoism, many men and women today feel that they have lost their bearings. It is precisely through our common witness to the good news of the Gospel that we may be able to help the people of our time to rediscover the way that leads to truth, justice and peace.
United in our intentions, and recalling the example, fifty years ago here in Jerusalem, of Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras, we call upon all Christians, together with believers of every religious tradition and all people of good will, to recognize the urgency of the hour that compels us to seek the reconciliation and unity of the human family, while fully respecting legitimate differences, for the good of all humanity and of future generations.
10. In undertaking this shared pilgrimage to the site where our one same Lord Jesus Christ was crucified, buried and rose again, we humbly commend to the intercession of the Most Holy and Ever Virgin Mary our future steps on the path towards the fullness of unity, entrusting to God's infinite love the entire human family.
" May the Lord let his face shine upon you, and be gracious to you! The Lord look upon you kindly and give you peace!" (Num 6:25-26).
 Common communiqué of Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras, published after their meeting of 6 January 1964.
 Against Heresies, IV, 18, 5 (PG 7, 1028)
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